Flora of New York/Nymphaeales & magnoliids

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Pinales
Flora of New York — Nymphaeales, Piperales, Laurales, Magnoliales
Acorales & Alismatales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


basal angiosperms & magnolids introduction[edit | edit source]

This page is the start of the angiosperms or flowering plants, which comprise the bulk of this guide. It starts with the order Nymphaeales and continues with the three orders of the Magnoliidae that are found in New York.[1][2]
Aristolochia s.l. is here seaprated into 3 genera (Endodeca, Isotrema, and Aristolochia s.s.),[1] in agreement with the New York Flora Atlas. Lauraceae clades are based on Chanderbali et al. (2001).[2]
angiosperms

Amborellales—Amborellaceae

Nymphaeales

Hydatellaceae

Cabombaceae

Brasenia schreberi (watershield)  

Cabomba caroliniana (fanwort)  

Nymphaeaceae

NupharoideaeNuphar spp. (4 pond lilies)

NymphaeoideaeNymphaea odorata subspp. (2 water lilies) 

Austrobaileyales—Austrobaileyaceae

Canellales

Canellaceae

Winteraceae

Piperales
Aristolochiaceae
Asaroideae

Asarum canadense (wild ginger)

Hexastylis shuttleworthii (large-flowered heartleaf)

Aristolochioideae

Endodeca serpentaria (Virginia snakeroot)

Isotrema macrophyllum (Dutchman's-pipe)

Isotrema tomentosum (woolly Dutchman's-pipe) 

Aristolochia clematitis (birthwort)

Piperaceae

SaururaceaeSaururus cernuus (lizard’s tail)

Laurales

CalycanthaceaeCalycanthus floridus (eastern sweetshrub)

Lauraceae

Lindera benzoin (northern spicebush)

Sassafras albidum (sassafras)

Persea americana (avocado)

Magnoliales
Magnoliaceae

Magnolia acuminata (cucumber tree)

Magnolia virginiana (northern sweetbay)

Magnolia spp. (3 introduced southern magnolias)

Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)

AnnonaceaeAnnonoideaeAsimina triloba (pawpaw)

Chloranthales (none)

monocots

Ceratophyllales

eudicots

basal
angiosperms
(ANA grade)
magnolids

Clade Order Family Subfamily Genus Common name(s) #
basal
angiosperms
Nymphaeales Cabombaceae Brasenia water-shield, wendock 1
Cabomba fanwort, watershield 1
Nymphaeaceae Nupharoideae Nuphar yellow pond lily, spatterdock 4
Nymphaeoideae Nymphaea white waterlily 2
magnoliids Piperales Aristolochiaceae Asaroideae Asarum wild ginger 1
Hexastylis heartleaf 1
Aristolochioideae Endodeca snakeroot, serpentary 1
Isotrema dutchman's pipe, pipevine 2
Aristolochia birthwort, heartwort 1
Saururaceae Saururus lizard's tail, water-dragon, swamp root 1
Laurales Calycanthaceae Calycanthus sweet-shrub, strawberry bush 2
Lauraceae Lindera spicebush 1
Sassafras sassafras, ague tree, mitten tree 1
Persea avocado 1
Magnoliales Magnoliaceae Magnolia magnolia, cucumber tree, sweet-bay 5
Liriodendron tulip tree, tulip poplar, yellow poplar 1
Annonaceae Annonoideae Asimina pawpaw, dog banana, Indian banana 1

Order Nymphaeales[edit | edit source]

The order Nymphaeales contains the aquatic flowering plant families Hydatellaceae, Cabombaceae, and Nymphaeaceae. Only the latter two have taxa found outside of cultivation in New York. Aside from Amborella, a shrub endemic to New Caledonia, the Nymphaeales are considered to be the oldest lineage of angiosperms. Most estimates put the age of the Nymphaeales at well over 100 million years.[1]

Family Cabombaceae[edit | edit source]

Two Cabombaceae (water-shield family) species are found in New York. One, Cabomba caroliniana, is rare in most of the state but has the potential to be a highly invasive exotic plant.

Brasenia[edit | edit source]

The only extant species of Brasenia (B. schreberi) is native to New York, as well as much of the rest of the world.
Nymphaeales — Cabombaceae — Brasenia
Brasenia Brasenia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 J.F.Gmel.

1791. Brasenia schreberi J.F.Gmel.
1803. Hydropeltis purpurea Michx.
1814. Brasenia peltata Pursh
1862. Cabomba peltata F.Muell. nom. illeg.
1890. Brasenia purpurea Casp.
Water-shield,
Watershield,
Schreber's watershield,
Purple wen-dock,
Water-target
Brasénie de Schreber
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
BraseniaAlt.jpg
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Cabomba[edit | edit source]

Although native to the southeastern United States, Cabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) is considered to be an alien invasive plant in the Northwest and Northeast, including New York, where it is listed as highly invasive.
Nymphaeales — Cabombaceae — Cabomba
Cabomba Fanwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 A.Gray

1821. Cabomba aquatica DC.
1830. C. pinnata (Pursh) Schult.& Schult.f.
1837. C. caroliniana A.Gray
1841. Nectris caroliniana (A. Gray) Steud.
1880. C. australis Speg.
1903. C. caroliniana var. pulcherrima
1953. C. pulcherrima (R.M.Harper) Fassett
Fanwort,
Carolina fanwort,
Purple fanwort,
Carolina watershield,
Green cabomba
Cabomba de Caroline
Introduced from
 southeast US,
 South America,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 72%[1],
Prohibited[2]
Cabomba caroliniana 5447120.jpg
Cabomba caroliniana nymap.svg
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Family Nymphaeaceae[edit | edit source]

Six Nymphaeaceae (water-lily family) taxa in two genera are found in New York. All are native to the region and appear to be fairly secure.

Subfamily Nupharoideae[edit | edit source]

Nuphar[edit | edit source]
Nymphaeales — Nymphaeaceae — Nupharoideae — Nuphar
NupharSm.sect. Astylus Pond-lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Durand

1956. Nuphar lutea ssp. variegata
1866. Nuphar variegata Durand
1912. Nymphaea fraterna
G.S.Mill.& Standl.
1912. Nymphaea americana
G.S.Mill.& Standl.
1931. Nuphar fraterna
(G.S.Mill. & Standl.) Standl.
Common yellow pond-lily,
Common spatter-dock,
Common cow-lily,
Variegated yellow pond-lily,
Northern yellow pond-lily,
Bullhead yellow pond-lily
Grand nénuphar jaune
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nuphar variegatum.jpg
Nuphar variegata NY-dist-map.png
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(Aiton) W.T.Aiton
ssp. advena

    Nuphar lutea ssp. advena
    Nymphaea advena Aiton
Broad-leaved yellow pond-lily,
Immigrant pond-lily,
Broad-leaved yellow cow-lily,
Broad-leaved spatterdock,
Broad-leaved bull-head lily
Nénuphar à feuilles émergentes,
Nénutar à feuilles émergentes
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
American Spatterdock.jpg
Nuphar advena ssp advena NY-dist-map.png
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NupharSm.sect. Nuphar Pond-lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Pers.) Fernald

    Nuphar pumila (Timm) DC.
    Nuphar lutea ssp. pumila
    Nuphar microphylla
(Pers.) Fernald
    Nuphar minima (Willd.) Sm.
Small yellow pond-lily,
Small yellow cow-lily,
Dwarf spatterdock
Native, CoC: 10,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nuphar pumilum2.jpg
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Nuphar microphylla ×
Nuphar variegata

1886. Nuphar rubrodisca Morong
1994. Nuphar lutea ssp. rubrodisca
    
    
Red-disked yellow pond-lily,
Red-disked spatter-dock,
Peck's yellow pond-lily,
Hybrid of
 small yellow pond-lily &
 common yellow pond-lily
Native,
Likely secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nuphar topView DSCN9622.JPG
Nuphar × rubrodisca NY-dist-map.png
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NupharSm. (excluded species) Pond-lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Nuphar polysepala × variegata

Nuphar polysepala ×
Nuphar variegata

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 small yellow pond-lily &
 common yellow pond-lily
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
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Subfamily Nymphaeoideae[edit | edit source]

Nymphaea[edit | edit source]
Nymphaeales — Nymphaeaceae — Nymphaeoideae — Nymphaea
Nymphaea Waterlily N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
ssp. odorata

1789. Nymphaea odorata Aiton
1806. Castalia odorata (Aiton) Wood
White water-lily,
American white water-lily,
Fragrant water-lily,
Sweet-scented white water-lily,
Pond-lily,
Great white water-lily
Nymphéa odorant
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymphaea odorata0.jpg
Nymphaea odorata ssp odorata NY-dist-map.png
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 Aiton
ssp. tuberosa (Paine) Wiersma & Hellq.

1865. Nymphaea tuberosa Paine
1888. Castalia tuberosa (Paine) Greene
1966. Nymphaea odorata var. maxima
1994. Nymphaea odorata ssp. tuberosa
Tuberous white water-lily,
Large white water-lily,
American white waterlily
Nymphéa tubéreux,
Lis d'eau,
Nénuphar blanc,
Nymphée tubéreuse
Native, CoC: 5,
Likely secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymphaea odorata (2).jpg
Nymphaea odorata ssp tuberosa NY-dist-map.png
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Order Piperales[edit | edit source]

The order Piperales

Family Aristolochiaceae[edit | edit source]

The Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort family)

Subfamily Asaroideae[edit | edit source]

Asarum[edit | edit source]
Asarum canadense
Wild ginger
Although wild ginger (Asarum canadense) has some similarities to Zingiber officinale (true ginger), it is at least somewhat toxic and is not appropriate for use as a food additive.
Piperales — Aristolochiaceae — Asaroideae — Asarum
Asarum Wild ginger N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Asarum canadense L.
1897. A. canadense var. acuminatum
1897. A. reflexum var. ambiguum
1898. A. acuminatum (Ashe) E.P.Bicknell
1898. A. reflexum E.P.Bicknell
1907. A. ambiguum (E.P.Bicknell) Daniels
Canada wild ginger,
Canadian wildginger,
Wild ginger,
Asarabacca
Asaret du Canada,
Asaret gingembre,
Gingembre sauvage
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Asarum canadense WFNY-046 (17804581864).jpg
Asarum canadense NY-dist-map.png
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Hexastylis[edit | edit source]

Piperales — Aristolochiaceae — Asaroideae — Hexastylis
HexastylisRaf. Heartleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
(Britten & Baker f.) Small
var. shuttleworthii

1898. Asarum shuttleworthii Britten & Baker f.
1903. Hexastylis shuttleworthii Small
Large-flowered heartleaf,
Largeflower heartleaf
Introduced from
 US South,
US South native,
Not naturalized

FACU
Hexastylis shuttleworthii.jpg
Hexastylis shuttleworthii var shuttleworthii NY-dist-map.png
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Subfamily Aristolochioideae[edit | edit source]

Subfamily Aristolochioideae. Aristolochia s.l. is here seaprated into 3 genera (Endodeca, Isotrema, and Aristolochia s.s.),[1] in agreement with the New York Flora Atlas.
Endodeca[edit | edit source]
Endodeca serpentaria
Virginia snakeroot (Endodeca serpentaria or Aristolochia serpentaria is primarily a southern species and only found in the southeastern part of New York State where it is considered to be threatened (S2).
Piperales — Aristolochiaceae — Aristolochioideae — Endodeca
EndodecaRaf. Snakeroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Raf.

1753. Aristolochia serpentaria L.
1818. Aristolochia hastata Nutt.
1828. Endodeca serpentaria (L.) Raf.
1836. Pistolochia serpentaria (L.) Raf.
1894. Aristolochia nashii Kearney
1897. Aristolochia convolvulacea Small
Virginia snakeroot,
Virginia serpentary,
Virginia dutchmanspipe,
Snakeroot,
Serpentary
Native, CoC: 8,
Threatened,
S2, G4,
NYNHP: 1[1]

UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Shade
Endodeca serpentaria (14367248898).jpg
Endodeca serpentaria nymap.svg
Bronx, Nassau, New York, Orange, Richmond, Rockland, Ulster, Westchester
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Note: [2]
  1. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2016. Online Conservation Guide for Endodeca serpentaria. Endangered, S2/G4.
  2. The New York Flora Atlas segregates Isotrema macrophyllum, Isotrema tomentosum, and Endodeca serpentaria from Aristolochia into Isotrema and Endodeca, respectively, while other sources, as of yet, have left them in Aristolochia.
Isotrema[edit | edit source]
Isotrema macrophyllum

Piperales — Aristolochiaceae — Aristolochioideae — Isotrema
IsotremaRaf. Pipevine N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Lam.) C.F. Reed

1783. Aristolochia macrophylla Lam.
1822. Hocquartia macrophylla Dumort.
1965. Isotrema macrophyllum
(Lam.) C.F.Reed
 auct. Aristolochia durior non. Hill
Dutchman's-pipe,
Largeleaf dutchman's-pipe,
Pipevine
Aristoloche à
  grandes feuilles
Introduced from
 PA to GA,
US South native
Aristolochia macrophylla portrait.jpg
Isotrema macrophyllum nymap.svg
Bronx, Madison, Orange, Putnam, Saratoga, Suffolk
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Note: [1]
(Sims) H.Huber

1811. Aristolochia tomentosa Sims
1960. Isotrema tomentosum H.Huber
Woolly Dutchman's-pipe,
Wooly pipevine,
Common Dutchman's-pipe
Introduced from
 south-central US,
US South native,
Impersistent

FAC
Aristolochia tomentosa 2016-05-31 1929b (cropped).jpg
Isotrema tomentosum nymap.svg
Erie, Saratoga
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Note: [1]
  1. a b The New York Flora Atlas segregates Isotrema macrophyllum, Isotrema tomentosum, and Endodeca serpentaria from Aristolochia into Isotrema and Endodeca, respectively, while other sources, as of yet, have left them in Aristolochia.
Aristolochia[edit | edit source]
Members of the genus Aristolochia, Aristolochia clematitis in paricular, have been used as medicinal plants since ancient times, but have been shown to be both carcinogenic and toxic to the kidneys.
Piperales — Aristolochiaceae — Aristolochioideae — Aristolochia
Aristolochia Birthwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Aristolochia clematitis L.
Birthwort,
Creeping birthwort,
Heartwort,
Asarabacca[2]
Aristoloche clématite,
Sarrasine
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized[1]

Perennial,
Herb-vine
20150511Aristolochia clematitis3.jpg
Aristolochia clematitis nymap.svg
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  1. FNA states that Aristolochia clematitis "probably does not persist" when it occasionally escapes cultivation, but NYFA states that, although a rare weed, it is "quite aggressive at least at some sites, when naturalized."
  2. "Asarabacca" is isted as a common name for Aristolochia clematitis by FNA and Tropicos, but Asarabacca is also a common name for Asarum europaeum (Eropean wild ginger).

Family Saururaceae[edit | edit source]

The Saururaceae (lizard's tail family) world-wide contains only about seven species in four genera. Two of these plants are native to North America, and one is native to New York. The other North American family member (Anemopsis californica) is a southwestern native.

Saururus[edit | edit source]

The genus Saururus contains only the two lizard's tail plants Saururus cernuus (native to eastern North America) and Saururus chinensis (native to eastern Asia). Only the North American plant has been found outside of cultivation in North America.
Piperales — Saururaceae — Saururus
Saururus Lizard's tail N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Saururus cernuus L.
non Thunb. 1784
Lizard's tail,
Water-dragon,
Swamp root,
Swamp lily
Saurure penché,
Lézardelle penchée,
Saurure penchée
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Saururus cernuus WFNY-044.jpg
Saururus cernuus nymap.svg
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Order Laurales[edit | edit source]

The order Laurales ...[1]

Family Calycanthaceae[edit | edit source]

The Calycanthaceae (strawberry-shrub or sweet-shrub family) contains only three small genera worldwide, only one of which is native to North America.

Calycanthus[edit | edit source]

Calycanthus floridus
Calycanthus (sweet-shrub) is endemic to North America and contains about two to four species. Of these, only Calycanthus floridus is found outside of cultivation in New York, but it is thought to have been introduced from farther south. Though naturalization in New York is rare, it can become established and persist in wooded understories.
Laurales — Calycanthaceae — Calycanthoideae
Calycanthus Sweet-shrub N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1759. Calycanthus floridus L.
1788. C. fertilis Walter
1840. C. floridus var. glaucus
1840. C. floridus var. laevigatus
1891. Beurera fertilis (Walter) Kuntze
1894. Butneria florida (L.) Kearney
1894. Butneria fertilis  (Walter) Kearney
1894. Buttneria florida (L.) Kearney
1894. Buttneria fertilis  (Walter) Kearney
Sweetshrub,
Eastern sweetshrub,
Hairy sweetshrub,
Smooth sweetshrub,
Sweet-shrub,
Strawberry bush,
Bubby-bush,
Spicebush
Introduced from
 southeast US,
 VA to FL,
 TX to NC,
US South native,
rarely naturalizes

FACU

Perennial,
Shrub,
Part shade
Calycanthus floridus - Morris Arboretum - DSC00310.JPG
Calycanthus floridus var floridus nymap.svg
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Family Lauraceae[edit | edit source]

The Lauraceae (laurel family) contains only two species, spicebush and sasafrass, that are native to the State of New York.

Lindera[edit | edit source]

Lindera benzoin
spicebush
The genus Lindera is primarily native to eastern Asia. Of its nearly 100 species, only three (northern, southern, and bog spicebush) are native to eastern North America. And of those three species, only northern spicebush (Lindera benzoin), is native as far north as New York.
Laurales — Lauraceae — Cinnamomeae — Lindera
Lindera Spicebush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Blume

1753. Laurus benzoin L.
1831. Benzoin odoriferum
1836. Benzoin aestivale Nees
1851. Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume
1939. L. benzoin var. pubescens
Spicebush,
Northern spicebush,
Benzoin-bush,
Benjamin-bush,
Fever-bush,
Wild allspice
Benjoin,
Laurier faux-benjoin
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - shade
Spicebush (4506720062).jpg
Lindera benzoin NY-dist-map.png
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Sassafras[edit | edit source]

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras has only three extant species. Two are native to eastern Asia, and one, Sassafras albidum, is native to much of eastern North Americam including New York.
Laurales — Lauraceae — Cinnamomeae — Sassafras
Sassafras Sassafras N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Nutt.) Nees

1753. Laurus sassafras L.
1818. Laurus albida Nutt.
1831. Sassafras officinale Nees & C.H.Eberm.
1836. Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees
1891. Sassafras variifolium Kuntze
1936. S. albidum var. molle (Raf.) Fernald
Sassafras,
White sassafras,
Silky sassafras,
Ague tree,
Mitten tree
Sassafras officinal,
Gombo filé
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun - shade
American medical botany (8294399426).jpg
Sassafras albidum NY-dist-map.png
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Persea[edit | edit source]

Persea americana
A specimen of the avocado plant (Persea americana) was collected from a composte pile in Orange County in 1996. As this subtropical species would not be able to naturalize in New York, placing it in the New York Flora was probably an error.
Laurales — Lauraceae — Cinnamomeae — Persea
Persea Bay N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Mill.

1753. Laurus persea L.
1768. Persea americana Mill.
1892. Persea persea (L.) Cockerell
1950. Persea nubigena L.O.Williams
1953. Persea gigantea L.O.Williams
Avocado
Avocatier
Introduced from
 Mexico,
 Mesoamerica,
 Venezuela,
Impersistent,
Composte-pile waif
Starr 071024-0140 Persea americana.jpg
Persea americana NY-dist-map.png
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Persea (excluded species) Bay N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Spreng.

1753. Laurus borbonia L.
1803. Laurus caroliniensis Michx.
1825. Persea borbonia (L.) Spreng.
1836. Persea carolinensis Nees
1838. Tamala borbonia (L.) Raf.
1903. Persea littoralis Small
1913. Tamala littoralis (Small) Small
1922. Borbonia littoralis (Small) House
Redbay,
Shorebay
N. America native,
southeastern U.S.,
Excluded
Red Bay (2969188297).jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos

Images
Wikispecies


Order Magnoliales[edit | edit source]

The order Magnoliales Bromhead ...

Family Magnoliaceae[edit | edit source]

The Magnoliaceae (magnolia family) has traditionally been separated into the two subfamilies Magnolioideae and Liriodendroideae. Magnolioideae contained a number of genera including Magnolia s.s., the largest genus. Liriodendroideae contained the single genus Liriodendron. Phylogenetic research has shown Magnolia s.s. to be polyphyletic. Therefore it was suggested that rather than breaking Magnolia into numerous new genera, all other genera in Magnolioideae would be placed in Magnolia s.l. to create a single monophyletic genus. This leaves the two subfamilies with one genus apiece, making Magnoliaceae subfamilies redundant. So, they are not used here.[1][2]

Magnolia[edit | edit source]

Magnolia acuminata
cucumber tree

Magnoliales — Magnoliaceae — Magnolia
Magnoliasubg. Yulania Magnolia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) L.

1753. Magnolia virginiana var. acuminata L.
1759. Magnolia acuminata (L.) L.
1803. Magnolia cordata Michx.
1886. M. acuminata var. cordata (Michx.) Sarg.
1903. Tulipastrum cordatum (Michx.) Small
Cucumber tree,
Cucumber magnolia,
Mountain magnolia,
Blue magnolia
Magnolia acuminé
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Tree
Arboretum 28.jpg
Magnolia acuminata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
BONAP

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DC.

1817. Magnolia kobus DC.
1908. M. kobus var. borealis
    
Kobus magnolia Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
No specimens
Magnolia kobus var borealis Magnolia japońska 2011-09-11 01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYMFP-X
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN

Images
Wikispecies
Magnoliasubg. Magnolia Magnolia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. virginiana

Sweet-bay,
Northern sweet-bay,
Swamp-bay,
Magnolia-bay,
Laurel-magnolia,
Beaver-tree
Laurier doux
Native, CoC: 9,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]

FACW

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Sweetbay Magnolia Magnolia virginiana Flower Closeup 2242px-2.jpg
Magnolia virginiana var virginiana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
BONAP

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Umbrella-tree,
Umbrella magnolia
Introduced,
US South native

FACU
Magnolia tripetala-IMG 4377.jpg
Magnolia tripetala NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
Go Botany
BONAP

Images
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 Walter

Fraser magnolia,
Mountain magnolia
Introduced,
US South native

FACU
Magnoliafraseri rt1.jpg
Magnolia fraseri NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
BONAP

Images
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 Michx.

Big-leaved magnolia,
Cowcumber magnolia
Introduced,
US South native
M.macrophylla var. ashei 200706.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
BONAP

Images
Wikispecies

Liriodendron[edit | edit source]

Liriodendron tulipifera
Liriodendron consists of two species: Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree) from eastern North America and Liriodendron chinense from southeast Asia.

The lumber of the tulip tree has similar properties to poplar (Populus) species, so it is often marketed as "tulip poplar" or "yellow poplar," even though tulip and poplar trees are not closely related.


Magnoliales — Magnoliaceae — Liriodendron
Liriodendron Tulip tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Liriodendron tulipifera L.
1903. L. tulipifera fo. aureomarginatum
1903. L. tulipifera fo. integrifolium
Tuliptree,
Tulip tree,
American tuliptree,
Tulip poplar,
Yellow poplar
Bois jaune
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Tree,
Sun - shade
Liriodendron-tulipifera-flower3.jpg
Liriodendron tulipifera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
BONAP
LBJ

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Family Annonaceae[edit | edit source]

The Annonaceae (custard apple family) is the largest family of the Magnoliales, but contains primarily tropical plants. Only one of its more than 2000 species has been discovered growing outside of cultivation in New York.

Subfamily Annonoideae[edit | edit source]

Asimina[edit | edit source]
Native range of Asimina triloba.
Asimina or pawpaw is a genus of small trees or shrubs that are native to eastern North America. Of these, only the most common species (Asimina triloba) is thought to be native as far north as New York. Though its native range only reaches into the western part of the state, common pawpaw trees can persist where cultivated in other parts of the state and may naturalize in clonal thickets. Pawpaw is considered to be the largest edible native North American fruit (in the culinary sense).[1]
Magnoliales — Annonaceae — Annonoideae — Asimina
Asimina Pawpaw N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Dunal

1753. Annona triloba L.
1796. Annona pendula Salisbury
1803. Orchidocarpum arietinum Michx.
1806. Porcelia triloba (L.) Pers.
1817. Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal
1838. Uvaria triloba (L.) Torr.& A.Gray
Pawpaw,
Common pawpaw,
Dog banana,
Indian banana,
Kentucky banana,
American custard apple
Asiminier trilobé,
Asiminier
Native, CoC: 5,
Threatened

FAC

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun - shade
NAS-060a Asimina triloba.jpg
Asimina triloba nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
NatureServe
BONAP
IPN
LBJ

Images
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