Cookbook:Traditional Pilau Rice
|Traditional Pilau Rice|
Pilau Rice - known as pilau, pullao, pulao and pilaf, this rice dish will take between up to an hour to prepare if made the traditional way. The cooking time can be reduced with various ingredient compromises, like using ready-fried onions instead of caramelizing the onion yourself, and using quorn mince rather than taking the time to brown lamb mince. Many Indians are vegetarian, and meat is not necessary for this dish; omitting the mince and just using chickpeas for the protein, or substituting quorn mince will make the recipe vegan or vegetarian.
There are many possible ingredient variations in this rice recipe, which is cooked from South Asia to the Middle East. This recipe is a South Asian variant cooked on the stove-top, and isn't finished off in the oven or cooked using nuts, raisins, vermicelli or other grains like a Persian pilaf would be. Although the rice in many pilau dishes looks brown, the colour comes from the fact the onion used for the recipe is caramelized, not from using brown rice. Stirring the rice in the oil before the water is added ensures the grains remain separate. The rice served in many restaurants (and eaten in some Pakistani homes) is very oily, but you do not need to add this much oil to get the proper taste and texture rice.
- 425ml basmati rice
- 1 medium onion or half a large onion, peeled and finely chopped
- 1-2 cloves of garlic
- Spice mixture (can be bought pre-mixed from Asian supermarkets, labelled as "garam masala" or "burger spices", or you can make your own using cumin, coriander powder, powdered ginger, turmeric, nutmeg, cardamom, fennel seeds, pepper, cloves, bay leaves etc. At least a teaspoon of cumin and coriander is essential, but you can pick and choose which of the others you want to include, or use just a pinch or two of each of them.)
- Extra teaspoon ground cumin (if using a pre-made spice mix)
- Extra 1/2 teaspoon ground coriander (if using a pre-made spice mix)
- 250g mince (lamb or mutton are most common, but you could use beef or quorn).
- 400g tin chickpeas (240g drained weight)
- 1 large tomato, diced, or a dozen cherry tomatoes, cut into eighths
- (Optional) frozen petits pois
- Oil (use sunflower oil or a similar vegetable oil without a strong taste) or ghee
- 575ml water
- Wash the rice in several changes of water and leave it to soak while you prepare the other ingredients, changing the water whenever you have a spare moment.
- Chop the onion, and heat the oil or ghee in the saucepan. Add the onion to the pan and fry over a very low heat until caramelized, stirring frequently to prevent them burning. The onions must be browned, not translucent, to get the authentic flavour. This will take at least fifteen minutes. If you want to save time, you can do as many Pakistani cooks do and use the ready-fried onions that can be bought in large bags in Asian supermarkets (or in small, expensive pots sold as "crispy salad onions" in English supermarkets). If using ready-fried onions, skip this step and add them when you add the water.
- While the onions are browning, prepare the other ingredients (not forgetting to stir the onions occasionally). Bash the garlic in a pestle and mortar with some salt, chop the tomatoes and drain the chickpeas.
- When the onions look like they are beginning to brown, add the garlic and any powdered or seed spices. Do not add them earlier than this or they will burn in the long time the onions take to caramelize.
- When the onions and garlic are both done, add the tomatoes and stir for a minute or so. This will help to deglaze the pan and seems to stop the onions cooking any more. Turn up the heat and add the mince. If using meat mince, cook until completely browned (5-10 minutes). If using quorn mince, you just need to cook for a couple of minutes until heated through.
- While the mince is cooking, drain the washed rice in a sieve and put a kettle of water on to boil. When the mince is cooked, add the drained rice to the pan, along with a little extra oil or ghee if necessary. Stir the rice gently until it is coated in the oil, taking care not to break up the grains.
- Add 575ml hot water, along with the drained chickpeas and any larger spices like bay leaves, cardamom pods or cloves. Add the salt and bring to the boil.
- Once boiled, put on a tight-fitting lid and turn the heat to very low. Cook for 25 minutes and do not remove the lid.
- After 25 minutes, remove the lid, add the peas, cover with a clean teatowel (optional) and replace the lid. Turn off the heat and leave to rest for five minutes; the peas will cook in the residual heat and the teatowel will absorb excess moisture/condensation.
- Turn out onto a serving platter (separate large lumps by pressing with the back of a spoon) or plate up. Add any garnishes, and serve with yoghurt.
Notes, tips, and variations
- Basmati rice will produce the best flavour, but other long-grain rice can be used.
- A cast iron pan with a thick bottom will reduce the likelihood of the rice burning at the bottom. The saucepan you use should have a minimum of 20-22cm diameter.
- Whether to serve this dish as a meal in itself or a side dish depends on the ingredients used. If you have used ingredients containing protein, like mince or chickpeas, it can be served as a meal in itself with perhaps just a side salad. If you omit most of the ingredients, it can serve as a plainer foil to a spicy.
- Chopped chillies may be added and the frying stage, but if you are going to be eating the rice with curry you may prefer it plain.
- Dried chickpeas are cheaper than tinned chickpeas but much less convenient - they must be soaked overnight and then cooked for a long time separately to the rice.
- Other ingredients, such as cubed potatoes (1-2cm to a side), diced carrots or courgettes (zucchini) cut into matchsticks can be added when the water is added. Ingredients like diced mushrooms or cubes of aubergine (eggplant) (1-2cm to a side) can be added at the frying stage.
- Sliced reconstituted dried mushrooms are a non-traditional but tasty variant that can be added either during the frying stage or when the water is added. Use 6-8 dried mushrooms, remembering that their size will increase greatly when soaked. Large bags of shiitake-like dried mushrooms can be bought cheaply in Chinese supermarkets, and the soaking liquid from the mushrooms can be substituted for some of the water to give the rice a really rich, tasty flavour without using any meat (just make sure to either strain the liquid through cheesecloth or leave the last centimetre or so of liquid in the jug to avoid getting any grit that has been washed off the mushrooms in your rice).
- The rice can be garnished with toasted flaked almonds when it is turned out onto a plate.
- Please note that the amounts of rice needed is given by volume, not weight.
- The rice should be well washed. Skipping the washing step will cause the rice to gum together because of the starch.
- Be careful to use the right proportions of water. If you use too much, the rice will be soggy, and if you use too little it may be hard in the middle. The rice should have absorbed all the water by the end of the cooking time; if you have to drain water off, you have used too much. If you are using a lot of wet ingredients, you may need to reduce the quantity of water used very slightly.
- Different rice varieties require different amounts of water, so if you wanted to make this recipe using brown rice instead of white basmati rice, you would need to change the amount of water.
- If you are not using mince, you need less spices, and if you are using mince, you need more spices.
- Quorn mince can be cooked from frozen but meat mince must be defrosted.
- Leftover rice should not be eaten if it is more than a day old. Storing cooked rice at room temperature is dangerous.