French/Grammar/Tenses/Future

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Usage of the Future[edit]

One uses the future tense when referring to an action, certain to occur, in the future. In a time ahead of now.

One may also use aller in the present tense in conjunction with aller or another verb in infinitive form, to refer to the future. However it is not the future tense.

For example,

Il va aller à l'école

Or

Je vais dormir

Holds generally the same meaning as,

Il ira à l'école

Or

Je dormirai

However, the former is not in the future tense. Also, the usage of "aller" generally signifies an action to occur in the very near future, where as future tense refers to any time in the future.

Formation of the Future[edit]

Future Stems[edit]

  • For (regular and irregular) -er or -ir verbs, the infinitive is the future stem.
  • For (regular and irregular) -re verbs, the infinitive minus the final e is the future stem.
  • Exception: Verbs that are stem-changing in the present are stem-changing in the future also.
  • Exception: Certain irregular verbs have irregular future stems. (Not all irregular verbs have irregular future stems).

Stem Changes

Verb

Change From

Change To

-ler verbs

ler

ller

-ter verbs

ter

tter

-yer verbs

yer

ier

verbs with an e in the penultimate syllable

e in penultimate syllable

è

verbs with é in the penultimate syllable

é in penultimate syllable

è

Exceptions to the Rule[edit]

verb

future stem

aller

ir-

avoir

aur-

devoir

devr-

envoyer

enverr-

être

ser-

faire

fer-

pleuvoir

pleuvr-

pouvoir

pourr-

savoir

saur-

venir

viendr-

voir

verr-

vouloir

voudr-

Future Endings[edit]

  • To conjugate in the future, add the appropriate ending to the future stem.


Subject

Ending

je

-ai

tu

-as

il

-a

nous

-ons

vous

-ez

ils

-ont

To conjugate a verb in the futur simple, one takes the infinitive and appends the following, as according to the table:


Subject

Add Ending

Conjugated Verb

Je

-ai

réussirai

Tu

-as

réussiras

Il / Elle / On

-a

réussira

Nous

-ons

réussirons

Vous

-ez

réussirez

Ils / Elles

-ont

réussiront