Hindi/Time

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
< Hindi
Jump to: navigation, search
English Hindi Transliteration Notes
Now अब/अभी ab/abhī
Later बाद में/फिर bāda mēṃ/phira
Before पहले pahalē
After बाद bāda
Dawn उषाकाल uṣākāla
Morning सुबह/सवेरा subaha/savērā savērā represents early morning just after dawn
Day दिन dina
Noon दोपहर/मध्याह्न dopahara/madhyāhna madhyāhna is a tadbhava word
Afternoon तिसरा पहर/अपराह्ण tisarā pahara/aparāhṇa aparāhṇa is a tadbhava word
Twilight गोधूली godhūlī godhūlī=go(cattle)+dhūlī(dust). It basically represents the time when the home bound herds of cattle return making dust clouds with their hooves
Evening शाम/संध्या śāma/saṃdhyā saṃdhyā is mostly used in literary contexts
Night रात rāt

Since there is no equivalent of AM or PM in Hindi we have to mention the time of the day along with the specific clock time. For example if we have to say 3 AM, the Hindi equivalent will be रात के/में तीन बजे which literally means 3 o'clock of/in night.

Clock time[edit]

English Hindi Transliteration
1 AM रात के एक बजे rāta kē ēka bajē
7 AM सुबह के सात बजे subaha kē saath bajē
2 PM दोपहर के दो बजे dopahara kē do bajē
7 PM शाम के सात बजे śāma kē sāta bajē
midnight आधी रात ādhī raat
Half past साढे sāḍhē
Half past 6 (6:30) साढे ५ (५:३०) sāḍhē 6
Quarter until पौने paunē
Quarter until 4 (3:45) पौने ४ (३:४५) paunē 4
Quarter past सवा savā
Quarter past 9 (9:15) सवा ९ (९:१५) savā 9
20 minutes past 8 (8:20) ८ बजकर २० मिनट (८:२०) 8 bajakara 20 minaṭa
12 minutes past 3 (3:12) ३ बजकर १२ मिनट (३:१२) 3 bajakara 12 minaṭa
7 minutes to 10 (9:53) १० बजने को ७ मिनट (९:५३) 10 bajanē ko 7 minaṭa

There are two exceptions to the Half past. Half past one (1:30) is डेढ (ḍēḍha) and half past 2 (2:30) is ढाई (ḍhāī). A fun way to remember their order would be 'Unless you dare (Lets say this represents डेढ) you die (and this represents ढाई). Voila!