Hindi/Numbers

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Numbers are the basic of Mathematics. Strange that Hindi numbers are unorganized unlike Sanskrit and other Southern Indian languages. Like other Sanskrit derived/Indian languages, Hindi numbers also follow decimal format.

Cardinals[edit | edit source]

English Hindi Translation
Zero (00) शून्य (०) śūnya
One (1) एक (१) ēk
Two (2) दो (२) do
Three (3) तीन (३) tīn
Four (4) चार (४) chār
Five (5) पांच (५) pānch
Six (6) छः (६) chah
Seven (7) सात (७) sāt
Eight (8) आठ (८) āṭh
Nine (9) नौ (९) nau
Ten (10) दश (१०) daś
Eleven (11) ग्यारह (११) gyārah
Twelve (12) बारह (१२) bārah
Thirteen (13) तेरह (१३) tērah
Fourteen (14) चौदह (१४) chaudah
Fifteen (15) पंद्रह (१५) pandrah
Sixteen (16) सोलह (१६) solah
Seventeen (17) सत्रह (१७) satrah
Eighteen (18) अट्ठारह (१८) aṭṭhārah
Nineteen (19) उन्नीस (१९) unnīs
Twenty (20) बीस (२०) bīs

Hindi cardinal numbers up to 100 have no specific standardization. Up to 20, the numbers are unique. After that each tenth number (such as 30, 40 etc) is unique. The rest of the numbers take the form of prefix of incremental digit and the base of preceding tenth number. However these prefixes and bases vary slightly and in a random manner. Although the pattern isn't regular, don't worry too much. They're just slightly different and with some practice you'd soon get the hang of it. Here are the numbers from 21 to 100. Try to follow them and find any similar pattern.

English Hindi Transliteration
Twenty one (21) इक्कीस (२१) ikkīs
Twenty two (22) बाईस (२२) bāīs
Twenty three (23) तेईस (२३) tēīs
Twenty four (24) चौबिस(२४) chaubīs
Twenty five (25) पच्चीस(२५) pachchīs
Twenty six (26) छब्बीस(२६) chhabbīs
Twenty seven (27) सत्ताईस (२७) sattāīs
Twenty eight (28) अट्ठाईस (२८) aṭṭhāīs
Twenty nine (29) उनतीस (२९) unattīs
Thirty (30) तीस (३०) tīs
Thirty one (31) इकतीस (३१) ikatīs
Thirty two (32) बत्तीस (३२) battīs
Thirty three (33) तैंतीस (३३) taiṃtīs
Thirty four (34) चौंतीस (३४) chauṃtīs
Thirty five (35) पैंतीस (३५) paiṃtīs
Thirty six (36) छत्तीस(३६) chattīs
Thirty seven (37) सैंतीस (३७) saiṃtīs
Thirty eight (38) अड़तीस (३८) aṛatīs
Thirty nine (39) उनतालीस (३९) unatālīs
Forty (40) चालीस (४०) chālīs
Forty one (41) इकतालीस (४१) ikatālīs
Forty two (42) बयालीस (४२) bayālīs
Forty three (43) तैंतालीस (४३) taiṃtālīs
Forty four (44) चौंतालीस(४४) chauṃtālīs
Forty five (45) पैंतालीस (४५) paiṃtālīs
Forty six (46) छियालीस(४६) chhiyālīs
Forty seven (47) सैंतालीस (४७) saiṃtālīs
Forty eight (48) अड़तालीस (४८) aṛatālīs
Forty nine (49) उनचास​(४९) unchās
Fifty (50) पचास (५०) pachās
Fifty one (51) इक्यावन​(५१) ikyāvan
Fifty two (52) बावन (५२) bāvan
Fifty three (53) तिरपन (५३) tirapan
Fifty four (54) चौवन​(५४) chauvan
Fifty five (55) पचपन (५५) pachapan
Fifty six (56) छप्पन (५६) chhappan
Fifty seven (57) सत्तावन (५७) sattāvan
Fifty eight (58) अट्ठावन (५८) aṭṭhāvan
Fifty nine (59) उनसठ (५९) unasaṭh
Sixty (60) साठ (६०) sāṭh
Sixty one (61) इकसठ (६१) ikasaṭh
Sixty two (62) बासठ (६२) bāsaṭh
Sixty three (63) तिरेसठ (६३) tirasaṭh
Sixty four (64) चौंसठ (६४) chauṃsaṭh
Sixty five (65) पैंसठ (६५) paiṃsaṭh
Sixty six (66) छयासठ​(६६) chhiyāsaṭh
Sixty seven (67) सड़सठ​ (६७) saṛasaṭh
Sixty eight (68) अड़सठ (६८) aṛasaṭh
Sixty nine (69) उनहत्तर (६९) unahattar
Seventy (70) सत्तर (७०) sattar
Seventy one (71) इकहत्तर (७१) ikahattar
Seventy two (72) बहत्तर (७२) bahattar
Seventy three (73) तिहत्तर (७३) tihattar
Seventy four (74) चौहत्तर (७४) chauhattar
Seventy five (75) पचहत्तर (७५) pachahattar
Seventy six (76) छिहत्तर (७६) chhihattar
Seventy seven (77) सतहत्तर (७७) satahattar
Seventy eight (78) अठहत्तर (७८) aṭhahattar
Seventy nine (79) उन्यासी (७९) unāsī
Eighty (80) अस्सी (८०) assī
Eighty one (81) इक्यासी (८१) ikyāsī
Eighty two (82) बयासी (८२) bayāsī
Eighty three (83) तिरासी (८३) tirāsī
Eighty four (84) चौरासी (८४) chaurāsī
Eighty five (85) पचासी (८५) pachāsī
Eighty six (86) छियासी (८६) chhiyāsī
Eighty seven (87) सत्तासी (८७) sattāsī
Eighty eight (88) अठासी (८८) aṭhāsī
Eighty nine (89) नवासी (८९) navāsī
Ninety (90) नब्बे (९०) nabbē
Ninety one (91) इक्यानवे (९१) ikyānavē
Ninety two (92) बानवे (९२) bānavē
Ninety three (93) तिरानवे (९३) tirānavē
Ninety four (94) चौरानवे (९४) chaurānavē
Ninety five (95) पचानवे (९५) pachānavē
Ninety six (96) छियानवे (९६) chhiyānavē
Ninety seven (97) सत्तानवे (९७) sattānavē
Ninety eight (98) अट्ठानवे (९८) aṭṭhānavē
Ninety nine (99) निन्यानवे (९९) ninyānavē
(One) hundred (100) (एक) सौ (१००) (ēk) sau

Once you have got through the numbers 1-100 the rest of the numbers are regular.

Another point to be noted in Hindi in case of cardinal numbers is that Hindi (and all other Indic languages) often use quantities like lakh and crore which are less common in English speaking countries. The opposite is true for quantities like million, billion (We are talking about the US billion which is 1 followed by 9 zeros, not the UK billion which is 1 followed by 12 zeros.), trillion etc.

English Hindi Transliteration
One hundred (100) एक सौ (१००) ēk sau
One thousand (1000) एक हज़ार / एक सहस्र ēk hazār
Ten thousand (10,000) दश हज़ार daś hazār
Hundred thousand/One lakh (100,000) एक लाख ēk lākh
One million/Ten lakh (1,000,000) दश लाख daś lākh
Ten million/One crore (10,000,000) एक करोड़ ēk karoṛ
Hundred million/Ten crore (100,000,000) दश करोड़ daś karoṛ
One billion (1,000,000,000) एक अरब ēk arab
Ten billion (10,000,000,000) दश अरब daś arab
Hundred billion (100,000,000,000) एक सौ अरब ēk sau arab

Ordinals[edit | edit source]

Hindi ordinals are a piece of cake once you are thorough with the cardinals. Only the first six ordinals are unique.[1]

English Hindi Transliteration
First (1st) पहला/प्रथम (१ला/१म) pahalā/prathama
Second (2nd) दूसरा/द्वितीय (२रा/२य) dusarā/dvitīya
Third (3rd) तीसरा/तृतीय (३रा/३य) tisarā/tr̥tīya
Fourth (4th) चौथा/चतुर्थ (४था/४र्थ) chauthā/chaturtha
Fifth (5th) पांचवां/पंचम (५वां/५म) pāṃcavāṃ/paṃcama
Sixth (6th) छठा/षष्ठ (६ठा/६ष्ठ) chaṭhā/ṣaṣṭha
Seventh (7th) सातवां/सप्तम (७वां/७म) sātavāṃ/saptama
Eighth (8th) आठवां/अष्टम (८वां/८म) āṭhavāṃ/aṣṭama
Ninth (9th) नौवां/नवम (९वां/९म) nauvāṃ/navama
Tenth (10th) दशवां/दशम (१०वां/१०म) daśavāṃ/daśama

As you would have noticed by now that in Hindi 'वां' acts just like 'th' in English which you can add to the end of cardinal numbers to form the corresponding ordinal numbers. If you're wondering about the irregularities of the second options, then let us just tell you that they are the Sanskrit ordinal numbers that are used often in Hindi. You just have to remember ten of them (for they sometimes appear in texts/speeches). After ten, any ordinal numbers you would encounter would be most likely in the general form of ordinal number+vāṃ

  1. Numbers in Hindi