Hindi/Family relations

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Family relation names in Hindi are very specific to the speaker. For example, your father's brother and your mother's brother are not both just "uncle"; you would differentiate and address them using specific terms to indicate the precise relationship. These terms can vary a bit from place to place. The following are some standard examples.

The polite word "Jii" is often added as a suffix to names to denote respect. It is very common to use when referring to or especially addressing an elder, and sometimes for others depending on customs or the situation.

The transliteration is in ITRANS form, which allows for an exact mapping of Devanagari characters to the Roman script.


  • Father's Father — दादा (dada) or बाबा (baba)
  • Father's Mother — दादी (dadi)
  • Mother's Father — नाना (nana)
  • Mother's Mother — नानी (nani)


  • Mother: माँ (maa), माता जी (mata ji), अम्मा (ammaa), मम्मा (mammaa), मम्मी (mammii) or अम्मी (ammii)
  • Father: पापा (papa), पिता जी (pita ji), बाबा (baba), बाबू (babu), अब्बा (abbaa) or अब्बू (abbuu)

Siblings, cousins, and siblings-in-law[edit]

  • Brother — भाई (bhai)
  • Elder Brother — भैया (bhaiya), भाई जी (bhai ji) or भाई जान (bhai jaan)
  • Younger Brother — छोटा भाई (chota bhai)
  • Husband's sister - ननद (nanad)
  • Sister — बहिन (bahin) or बहन (behan)
  • Sister's husband — जीजा (jija) or बहनोई (behnoi)
  • Elder Sister — दीदी (didi), जीजी (jiji), आपा (aappa) or आपी (aappii)
  • Younger Sister — छोटी बहन (choti behan)
  • Husband's elder brother(brother-in-law) — जेठ (jeth)
  • Husband's younger brother — देवर (devar)
  • Elder brother's wife — भाभी (bhabhi), भौजी (bhauji) or भौजाई (bhaujai)
  • Younger brother's wife — भयो (bhayo)
  • Wife's Sister — साली (sali)
  • Wife's Brother — साला (sala)
  • Wife's Brother's wife — सलहज (salhaj)
  • Husband's Sister's Husband — नन्दोई (nandoi)
  • Wife's sister's husband — साढ़ू (sadhu) or हमज़ुल्फ़ (hamzulf)
  • Husband's elder brother's wife — जेठानी (jethani)
  • Husband's younger brother's wife — देवरानी (devrani)
  • There is no direct word for 'cousin' in Hindi, rather phrases like uncle's/aunt's son/daughter, are used to regard a cousin or simply they are regarded as brother/sister only.
  • Father's brother's son (cousin) - चचेरा भाई (chachera bhai)
  • Father's brother's daughter (cousin) - चचेरी बहन (chacheri behan)
  • Father's sister's son (cousin) - फुफेरा भाई (phuphera bhai)
  • Father's sister's daughter (cousin) - फुफेरी बहन (phupheri behan)
  • Mother's brother's son (cousin) - ममेरा भाई (mamera bhai)
  • Mother's brother's daughter (cousin) - ममेरी बहन (mameri behan)
  • Mother's sister's son (cousin) - मौसेरा भाई (mausera bhai)
  • Mother's sister's daughter (cousin) - मौसेरी बहन (mauseri behan)

Children and children-in-law[edit]

  • Son — बेटा (beta) or पुत्र (putra)
  • Son's wife (daughter-in-law) — बहू (bahu)
  • Daughter — बेटी (beti), पुत्री (putrii) or जाई (jaai)
  • Daughter's husband (son-in-law) — दामाद (damad) or जमाई (jamaai)


  • Grandson (son's son) — पोता (pota)
  • Granddaughter (son's daughter) — पोती (poti)
  • Grandson (daughter's son) — नाती (nati), नवासा (navaasaa) or दोहता (dohtaa)
  • Granddaughter (daughter's daughter) — नातिन (natin), नवासी (navasi) or दोहती (dohti)

Spouses and parents-in-law[edit]

  • Husband — पति (pati) or मियाँ (miyaan)
  • Wife — पत्नी (patni) or बीवी (biwi)
  • Spouses's Mother (Mother-in-law) — सास (saas)
  • Spouse's Father (Father-in-law) — ससुर (sasur)
  • Fiancé or Fiancée —-मंगेतर (mangetar)

Aunts and uncles[edit]

  • Father's younger brother (uncle) — चाचा (chacha) or काका (kaka)
  • Father's younger brother's wife (aunt) — चाची (chachi) or काकी (kaki)
  • Father's elder brother's (Uncle) — ताया (tayaa) or ताऊ (tau)
  • Father's elder brother's wife (Aunt) — ताई (tai)
  • Father's sister (aunt) — बुआ (bua), भुआ (bhua) or फूफी (phuphi)
  • Father's sister's husband फूफा (phupha)
  • Mother's brother — मामा (maamaa) or मामू (maamuu)
  • Mother's brother's wife — मामी (maami) or माई (maaii)
  • Mother's younger sister — मौसी (mausii), मासी (maasii) or ख़ाला (khalaa)
  • Mother's younger sister's husband — मौसा (mausaa)
  • Mother's elder sister's husband(Uncle) — ताया (taaya) or ताऊ (taauu)
  • Mother's elder sister (Aunt) — ताई (taaii)

Nephews and nieces[edit]

  • Brother's son (nephew) — भतीजा (bhatija)
  • Brother's daughter (niece) — भतीजी (bhatiji)
  • Sister's son (nephew) — भानजा (bhanja)
  • Sister's daughter (niece) — भानजी (bhanji)
  • Husband's elder brother's son — जेठौत (jethaut)
  • Husband's elder brother's daughter — जेठौती (jethauti)


  • McGregor, R.S, ed. The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, Oxford university press. 1993
  • Snell, Rupert Teach yourself Hindi: A complete guide for beginners. Lincolnwood, IL : NTC Publishing Group, 1992. ISBN 0-8442-3863-5