Hindi/Family relations

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Family relation names in Hindi are very specific to the speaker. For example, your father's brother and your mother's brother are not both just "uncle"; you would differentiate and address them using specific terms to indicate the precise relationship. These terms can vary a bit from place to place. The following are some standard examples.

Often the honorific suffix जी is added to names to denote respect. It is very common to use when referring to or especially addressing an elder, and sometimes for others depending on customs or the situation.

The transliteration is in ITRANS form, which allows for exact mapping of Devanagari characters to the Roman script.

Grandparents[edit]

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Father's father दादा or बाबा
Father's mother दादी
Mother's father नाना
Mother's mother नानी

Parents[edit]

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Mother माँ , माता , अम्मा , अम्मी
Father पापा , पिता , बाबा , अप्पा

Siblings, Cousins, and Siblings-in-Law[edit]

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Brother भाई
Elder Brother भैया, भइया, बड़ा भाई
Younger Brother छोटा भाई
Sister बहन, बेहेन, बहिन
Elder Sister दीदी, बड़ी बेहेन, बड़ी बहन, बड़ी बहिन
Younger Sister छोटी बेहेन, छोटी बहन, छोटी बहिन
Husband's sister ननद
Father's sister बुआ
Elder Sister's husband जीजा
Younger Sister's husband बहनोई
Husband's elder brother(brother-in-law) जेठ
Husband's younger brother देवर
Elder brother's wife भाभी, भौजी, भौजाई
Younger brother's wife भयो
Wife's Sister साली
Wife's elder Brother भाई साहब
Wife's younger Brother साला
Wife's Brother's wife सहलज
Husband's Sister's Husband नन्दोई
Wife's sister's husband साढ़ू or हमज़ुल्फ़
Husband's elder brother's wife जेठानी
Husband's younger brother's wife देवरानी

Note: There is no direct word for 'cousin' in Hindi, rather phrases like uncle's/aunt's son/daughter, are used to regard a cousin when there is a need to be specific, if not, then simply they are regarded as just brother/sister (भाईबहन).

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Father's brother's son (cousin) (चचेरा) भाई
Father's brother's daughter (cousin) (चचेरी) बहन
Father's sister's son (cousin) (फुफेरा) भाई
Father's sister's daughter (cousin) (फुफेरी) बहन
Mother's brother's son (cousin) (ममेरा) भाई
Mother's brother's daughter (cousin) (ममेरी) बहन
Mother's sister's son (cousin) (मौसेरा) भाई
Mother's sister's daughter (cousin) (मौसेरी) बहन

Children and Children-in-Law[edit]

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Son बेटा or पुत्र
Daughter बेटी, पुत्री or जाई
Son's Wife बहू
Daugther's Husband दामाद or जमाई

Grandchildren[edit]

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Son's son (grandson) पोता
Son's daughter (granddaughter) पोती
Daughter's son (grandson) नाती, नवासा or दोहता
Daugther's daughter (granddaughter) नातिन, नवासी or दोहती

Spouses and parents-in-law[edit]

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Husband पति
Wife पत्नी or बीवी
Spouses' Mother (Mother-in-law) सास
Spouse's Father (Father-in-law)) ससुर
Fiancé or Fiancée मंगेतर


Aunts and uncles[edit]

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Father's younger brother (uncle) चाचा, काका or छोटे पापा
Father's younger brother's wife (aunt) चाची, काकी or छोटी मम्मी
Father's elder brother's (Uncle) ताया, ताऊ or बड़े पापा
Father's elder brother's wife (Aunt) ताई or बड़ी मम्मी
Father's sister (aunt) बुआ, फूफी
Father's sister's husband फूफा
Mother's brother मामा or मामू
Mother's brother's wife मामी or माई
Mother's younger sister मौसी, मासी
Mother's younger sister's husband मौसा
Mother's elder sister's husband (Uncle) ताया or ताऊ
Mother's elder sister (Aunt) ताई

Bengali family relations[edit]

Bengali family relationship (Bengali words written in English)

  • Father: Baabaa, baabaa moshai
  • Mother: Maan, maataa
  • Father’s father: Daadu, daadu moshai
  • Father’s mother: Thakumaa, deedaa,
  • Father’s younger brother: Kaaku, kaakaa moshai, kaakaai
  • Father’s younger brother’s wife: Kaaki maan, kaaki, kaakimoni, kammaa
  • Father’s elder brother: Jaitha moshai, jethu, jethimoni
  • Father’s elder brother’s wife: Jethi maan, jethi
  • Father’s sister: Pishi maan, pishimoni, pishi
  • Father’s sister’s husband: Pishu, pishu moshai
  • Your elder sister: Didi
  • Your elder brother: Dada
  • Your husband’s younger brother: Thakurpow, Thaahurpow
  • Your younger brother: Chhuto bhai
  • Your younger sister: Chhuto bown
  • Your wife’s brother: Shaalaa
  • Your wife’s sister: Shaalee
  • Your son: Chhelle
  • Your son’s wife: Bow maan
  • Your grandson/granddaughter: Naati
  • Your wife: Bow
  • Your husband: Shwami
  • Your mother-in-law: Shashuri (You can call her as maan)
  • Your father-in-law: Shashur (You can call him as baabaa)
  • Your daughter: May
  • Your daughter’s husband: Jamaaii baabuu, jaamaai baabaa
  • Your brother’s/sister’s son: Bhaipow
  • Your brother’s/sister’s daughter: Bhaijhi
  • Your elder brother’s wife: Bowdi, bowthan
  • Your sister’s husband: Jeejoo
  • Mother’s father: Daadu
  • Mother’s mother: Deedaa, didi maan
  • Mother’s brother: Maamaa, maamoo
  • Mother’s brother’s wife: Maamii
  • Mother’s sister: Maashi, maashimoni, maashi maan
  • Mother’s sister’s husband: Meshoe

References[edit]

  • McGregor, R.S, ed. The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, Oxford university press. 1993
  • Snell, Rupert Teach yourself Hindi: A complete guide for beginners. Lincolnwood, IL : NTC Publishing Group, 1992. ISBN 0-8442-3863-5