Hindi/Family relations

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Family relation names in Hindi are very specific to the speaker. For example, your father's brother and your mother's brother are not both just "uncle"; you would differentiate and address them using specific terms to indicate the precise relationship. These terms can vary a bit from place to place. The following are some standard examples.

The polite word of is (Jii or Ji) is often added as a suffix to names to denote respect. It is very common to use when referring to or especially addressing an elder, and sometimes for others depending on customs or the situation.

The transliteration is in ITRANS form, which allows for an exact mapping of Devanagari characters to the Roman script.


  • Father's Father — दादा (daadaa) or बाबा (baabaa)
  • Father's Mother — दादी (daadii)
  • Mother's Father — नाना (naanaa)
  • Mother's Mother — नानी (naanii)

Siblings, cousins, and siblings-in-law[edit]

  • Brother — भाई bhaaii
  • Elder Brother — (bhaiya)
  • Younger Brother — छोटा भाई / bhai(chhoTaa bhaaii)
  • Husband's sister - ननद (nanad)
  • Sister — बहिन (bahin) or बहन (bahan)
  • Sister's husband — जीजा (jiijaa) or बहनोई (bahanoii)
  • Elder Sister — दीदी (diidii) or जीजी (jiijii)
  • Younger Sister — छोटी बहन (chhoTii bahan)
  • Husband's elder brother — जेठ (jeTh)
  • Husband's younger brother — देवर (devar)
  • Elder brother's wife — भाभी (bhaabhii) or भौजी (bhaujii) or भौजाई (bhaujaaii)
  • Younger brother's wife — बहू (bahu) or भयो (bhayo)
  • Wife's Sister — साली (saalii) ( sister in law )
  • Wife's Brother — साला (saalaa) ( brother in law )
  • Wife's Brother's wife — सलहज (salahaj)
  • Husband's Sister's Husband — नन्दोई (nandoii)
  • Wife's sister's husband — साडू (saaDuu)
  • Husband's elder brother's wife — जेठानी (jeThaanii)
  • Husband's younger brother's wife — देवरानी (devraani)
  • Father's brother's son - चचेरा भाई (chachera bhaee)
  • Father's brother's daughter - चचेरा बहन (chachera behen)
  • Father's sister's son - फुफेरा भाई (phuphera bhaee)
  • Father's sister's daughter - फुफेरा बहन (phuphera behen)
  • Mother's brother's son - ममेरा भाई (mamera bhaee)
  • Mother's brother's daughter - ममेरा बहन (mamera behen)
  • Mother's sister's son - मौसेरा भाई (mausera bhaee)
  • Mother's sister's daughter - मौसेरा बहन (mausera behen)

Children and children-in-law[edit]

  • Son — बेटा (beTaa) or पुत्र (putra)
  • Son's wife (daughter-in-law) — बहू (bahuu)
  • Daughter — बेटी (beTii) or पुत्री (putrii) or जाई (jaaii)
  • Daughter's husband (son-in-law) — दामाद (daamaad) or जमाई jamaii)


  • Grandson (son's son) — पोता (potaa)
  • Granddaughter (son's daughter) — पोती (potii) ( Grand daughter )
  • Grandson (daughter's son) — नाती (naatii) or नवासा (navaasaa)or दोहिता (dohitaa)
  • Granddaughter (daughter's daughter) — नातिन (naatin) or नवासी (navaasii) or दोहिति (dohitii)

Spouses and parents-in-law[edit]

  • Husband — पति (pati)
  • Wife — पत्नी (patnii)
  • Husband's Mother (Mother-in-law) — सास (saas)
  • Husband's Father (Father-in-law) — ससुर (sasur)
  • Fiancé or Fiancée —-मंगेतर (mangetar)

Aunts and uncles[edit]

  • Father's younger brother (uncle) — चाचा (chaachaa) or काका (kaakaa)
  • Father's younger brother's wife (aunt) — चाची (chaachii)
  • Father's elder brother's (Uncle) — ताऊ (taauu) or बड़े पापा (ba.De paapaa)
  • Father's elder brother's wife (Aunt) — ताई (taai) or बड़ी माँ (ba.Dii maa.N)
  • Father's sister (aunt) — भुआ (bhua) or फूफी (phuuphii)
  • Father's sister's husband फूफा (phuuphaa)
  • Mother's brother — मामा (maamaa)or मामू (maamuu) ( maternal uncle )
  • Mother's brother's wife — मामी (maamii) or माई (maaii) ( maternal aunty)
  • Mother's sister — मौसी (mausii) or ख़ाला (khaalaa) ( Maternal mother )
  • Mother's sister's husband — मौसा (mausaa) ( Maternal father )

Nephews and nieces[edit]

  • Brother's son (nephew) — भतीजा (bhatiijaa)
  • Sister's son (nephew) — भान्जा (bhaanjaa)
  • Brother's daughter (niece) — भतीजी (bhatiijii)
  • Sister's daughter (niece) — भान्जी (bhaanjii)
  • Husband's elder brother's daughter — जिठोठी (jiThoThii)
  • Husband's elder brother's son — जिठोठ (jiThoTh)


  • McGregor, R.S, ed. The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, Oxford university press. 1993
  • Snell, Rupert Teach yourself Hindi: A complete guide for beginners. Lincolnwood, IL : NTC Publishing Group, 1992. ISBN 0-8442-3863-5