HKDSE Geography/M3/Historical Development of Hong Kong's Manufacturing Industry
Note: The focus is not in the economic aspect but the spatial distribution changes.
Before the 1950s
- Mostly limited to small workshops
- Shipbuilding (plus related industries like ship reparing) and light industries (textile, shoes) were the main industries
- Around Victoria Harbour, in the inner city (Hung Hom, Kennedy Town)
- [Transport] Good accessibility because of the deep, wide Victoria Harbour
- [Access to Markets] High local demand
- [Government] Free port policy supports entrepôt trade
Industrialisation period: 1950s-1960s
- Still mostly cottage industries
- More light industries developed (food processing, plastics, wigs)
- Expanding around Victoria Harbour
Diversification period: 1960s-1970s
Different types of light industries were developed. They were located along Victoria Harbour, from Kwun Tong to Tsuen Wan on the northern side, and from Chai Wan to the Western District on the southern side. Some industries had been set up in industrial estates in the new towns.
Industrial Relocation: 1980s-90s