HKDSE Geography/M3/China's Iron and Steel Industry Before the 1950s
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Characteristics[edit | edit source]
The iron and steel industry is a weight-losing processing industry. The procurement costs are higher than the distribution costs. To be exact, it is:
- Raw material-oriented: Iron ore was used to produce pig iron in a blast furnace, which would then be converted into steel in a steel furnace.
- Power-oriented: Coal was burnt in large amounts to produce energy for the production of iron and steel.
Therefore, China's iron and steel plants tended to be located near these plants.
Distribution[edit | edit source]
- In the Northeast, particularly Anshan
- In the eastern coastal cities, particularly Shanghai
Factors[edit | edit source]
|Transport, infrastructure and amenities