HKDSE Geography/M3/China's Iron and Steel Industry 1950s-70s
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Characteristics[edit | edit source]
- It was still a raw material- and power-oriented industry.
- With the Communist liberation, the new central government adopted a planned economy and the role of government policy was great.
Distribution[edit | edit source]
- Moved to the inland areas
- In two stages:
- In the North, it moved to Baotou and Taiyuan, then to Urumqi.
- In the South, it moved to Wuhan and Xi'an and later to Kunming, Panzhihua and Chongqing.
Factors[edit | edit source]
|Transport, infrastructure and amenities
The government introduced the policy of industrial decentralisation to achieve these aims:
New Problems[edit | edit source]
Yet new problems arose：
|Harsh continental climate, rugged and uneven relief, steep slopes and difficult terrain in the West.
|Lower density of population and lower education level (unskilled labour) produced insufficient labour supply and quality
|Iron ore of the interior was of inferior quality and scattered
|Coal of the interior was of inferior quality
|Markets were small as other industries were poorly developed
|The distance from the interior to the coastal areas was long. Transport networks were still poorly developed. Accessibility was low.
|Lack of capital