Flora of New York/Solanales

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Gentianales
Flora of New York — Solanales
Boraginales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Solanales as listed here includes the New-York-represented families Convolvulaceae, Solanaceae.

Family Convolvulaceae[edit]

The Convolvulaceae (bindweed, morning-glory family)...

Subamily Convolvuloideae[edit]

Tribe Convolvuleae[edit]

Members of the Convolvuleae are mostly known as bindweeds and were originally placed in the genus Convolvulus by Linnaeus in 1753. In 1810, Robert Brown separated out those with large bracts covering the sepals, and called them Calystegia (from the Greek, indicating "calyx covering"), sometimes known a "false bindweed". Many questioned the seemingly artificial splitting of the Convolvuleae based on a single morphological difference, but additional differences were eventually discovered and after about 150 years, the split was fairly well accepted. However, subsequent molecular evidence has shown that Calystegia is likely embedded within Convolvulus, and future lumping and/or splitting of the bindweeds will be required to avoid polyphyletic groups.[1]

Genus Calystegia[edit]
Solanales – fam. Convolvulaceae – subfam. Convolvuloideae – tribe Convolvuleae – genus Calystegia
CalystegiaR.Br. False bindweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 (L.) R.Br.

1753. Convolvulus sepium L.
1755. Co. repens L.
1810. Calystegia sepium (L) R.Br.
1839. Ca. inflata G.Don
1844. Co. americanus (Sims) J.W.Loudon
1848. Ca. sepium var. repens A.Gray
1869. Aniseia arifolia Meisn.
1878. Co. sepium var. repens
1891. Volvulus sepium Junger
1980. Ca. sepium ssp. appalachiana
1980. Ca. sepium ssp. angulata
1981. Ca. sepium ssp. erratica
1984. Ca. sepium var. angulata
1804. Co. sepium var. americanus
Hedge bindweed,
Hedge false bindweed,
Bracted bindweed,
Trailing hedge-bindweed,
Wild morning glory,
Greater bindweed,
Appalachian false bindweed

Liseron des haies,
Grand liseron
Native, CoC: 0,
Unranked

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb, vine
Calystegia sepium sepium - side (aka).jpg
Calystegia sepium ssp sepium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-N
USDA-MN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 (L.) Pursh
ssp. spithamaea

1753. Convolvulus spithamaeus L.
1814. Calystegia spithamaea (L.) Pursh
Low bindweed,
Low false bindweed,
Upright false bindweed,
Upright bindweed,
Dwarf bindweed

Liseron dressé
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb, vine
Low Bindweed (Calystegia spithamaea).jpg
Calystegia spithamaea ssp spithamaea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 (Kit.) Griseb.
ssp. fraterniflora
(Mack. & Bush) Brummitt

1902. Co. sepium var. fraterniflorus
1905. Co. fraterniflorus Mack. & Bush
1965. Ca. fraterniflora Brummitt
1968. Ca. sepium var. fraterniflora
1981. Ca. silvatica ssp. fraterniflora
Paired-flowered bindweed,
Shortstalk false bindweed,
Short-stalked false bindweed
Native, CoC: 10,
Unranked

Perennial,
Herb-forb, vine
Calystegia silvatica.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Wall.

1824. Calystegia hederacea Wall.
1827. Convolvulus wallichianus Spreng.
1891. V. hederaceus (Wall.) Kuntze
Ivy-like bindweed,
Japanese false bindweed,
Wallich's bindweed
Introduced

Perennial,
Herb-forb, vine
Calystegia hederacea2.jpg
Calystegia hederacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Lindl.

1846. Calystegia pubescens Lindl.
1829. Convolvulus pellitus fo. anestius
1837. Calystegia pellita (Ledeb.) G. Don
Hairy false bindweed,
Japanese bindweed
Introduced,
Asia native

Perennial,
Herb-forb, vine
Calystegia pubescens1.jpg
Calystegia pellita NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Note: [2]
  1. D.D. Spaulding (2013). "Key to the bindweeds (Calystegia/Convolvulus, Convolvulaceae) of Alabama and adjacent states." Phytoneuron 2013-83: 1–12. 6 Nov. 2013.
  2. USDA-NRCS-PLANTS treats Calystegia pellita as a synonym of Calystegia hederacea. ARS-GRIN lists it as Calystegia pubescens (syn. Calystegia japonica). ITIS and NYFA call it Calystegia pellita.
Genus Convolvulus[edit]
Solanales – fam. Convolvulaceae – subfam. Convolvuloideae – tribe Convolvuleae – genus Convolvulus
Convolvulus Bindweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Convolvulus arvensis L.
1905. Convolvulus ambigens House
1933. Strophocaulos arvensis Small
 auctConvolvulus incanusnon Vahl
Field bindweed,
Creeping Jenny,
European bindweed,
Perennial morningglory,
Smallflowered morningglory
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Invasive,
Regulated in west[1]
Convolvulus arvensis 04.JPG
Convolvulus arvensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Convolvulus(excluded) Bindweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
Desr.

1792. Convolvulus pilosellifolius
Desr.
Soft bindweed Introduced from
 Asia,
 Egypt,
Excluded
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-00

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Ipomoeeae[edit]

Genus Ipomoea[edit]
Solanales – fam. Convolvulaceae – subfam. Convolvuloideae – tribe Ipomoeeae – genus Ipomoea
Ipomoeasubg. Eriospermum White morning glory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
(L.) G.Mey. (1818)

    
    
    
Bigroot morningglory,
Big-rooted morning-glory,
Man of the earth, Manroot,
Wild sweet-potato vine
Native,
Endangered
Man of the Earth, Big-root Morning Glory, Wild Potato Vine (Ipomoea pandurata).jpg
Ipomoea pandurata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Smallflower white morningglory,
Whitestar,
Pitted morningglory,
White morningglory
Introduced,
US South native
Ipomoea lacunosa 1-4×3.jpg
Ipomoea lacunosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
(L.) Lam. (1793)

    
    
    
Sweet potato,
Patate douce,
`Uala
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Neotropic native
Sweet Potato Flower in Full bloom.jpg
Ipomoea batatas NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp
Ipomoeasubg. Quamoclit Red morning glory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Red morning-glory,
Redstar,
Scarlet-creeper,
Star ipomoea, Starglory,
Woolly tidestromia
Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent
Ipomoea coccinea 0777-4x3.jpg
No counties NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp
L. (1753)

    
    
    
Cypressvine,
Cypressvine morning-glory,
Cheveux de Venus
Introduced,
Excluded,
Mesoamerica native
Cyprus vine flower.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Ipomoeasubg. Ipomoea Purple morning glory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
(L.) Roth (1787)

    Convolvulus purpureus L.
    Pharbitis purpurea (L.) Voigt
    Ipomoea hirsutula Jacq.f.
Common morning-glory,
Tall morning-glory
Introduced,
Neotropic native
Ipomoea purpurea (Convolvulaceae) flower 1.JPG
Ipomoea purpurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Jacq. (1787)

    
    
    
Ivyleaf morning glory,
Entireleaf morning glory,
Mexican morning glory
Introduced,
Mexico native,
S. America native
Ipomoea hederacea 003.jpg
Ipomoea hederacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 (L.) Roth

1753. Convolvulus hederaceus L.
1762. Convolvulus nil L.
1797. Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth
1834. Pharbitis nil (L.) Choisy
1850. Pharbitis limbata Lindl.
 auct. I. hederaceanon Jacq. (i)
Whiteedge morningglory,
White-edged morning-glory
Introduced from
 Mexico,
 South America,
Excluded
Ipomoea nil in Hong Kong.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Cuscutoideae[edit]

Genus Cuscuta[edit]

The genus Cuscuta (dodder} contains parasitic vines.

Solanales – fam. Convolvulaceae – subfam. Cuscutoideae – genus Cuscuta
Cuscuta Dodder N.Y. Status Images Distribution 13
Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
var. gronovii

1820. Cuscuta gronovii
Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
1916. Epithymum gronovii
Nieuwl. & Lunell
Gronovius dodder,
Scaldweed,
Common dodder,
Love dodder,
Swamp dodder

Cuscute de Gronovius
Native,
Secure
Gronovius Seide Gesamt.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Willd. ex Schult.
var. latiflora Engelm.

1842. Cuscuta saururi Engelm.
1859. C. gronovii var. latiflora
1892. C. gronovii var. saururi
Gronovius dodder,
Scaldweed

Cuscute à fleurs larges
Native,
Unranked
Weiden-Seide Blüten Zoom.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Englem.

1842. Cuscuta coryli Englem.
1843. Cuscuta crenulata Engelm.
1859. Cuscuta inflexa Engelm.
1916. Epithymum coryli Nieuwl. & Lunell
1973. Grammica coryli Hadač & Chrtek
Hazel dodder

Cuscute du noisetier
Native,
Likely secure
Cuscuta coryli BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Engelm.

1842. Cuscuta pentagona Engelm.
1856. C. arvensis Beyr. ex Engelm.
1859. C. arvensis var. pentagona
1973. Grammica pentagona W.A.Weber
Fiveangled dodder,
Five-angled dodder
Native,
Rare
Cuscuta pentagona flowers 2003-11-08.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Juss. ex Choisy

1842. Cuscuta compacta Juss. ex Choisy
1843. Lepidanche adpressa Engelm.
1845. Cuscuta glomerata var. adpressa
1850. Cuscuta fruticum Bertol.
1859. Cuscuta compacta var. adpressa
Sessile dodder,
Compact dodder,
Dense dodder

Cuscute compacte
Native,
Rare
Cuscuta compacta BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Yunck.

1843. Cuscuta pentagona var. calycina
1859. Cuscuta arvensis var. calycina
1932. Cuscuta campestris Yunck.
1970. Grammica campestris
Hadac & Chrtek
Field dodder,
Prairie dodder,
Yellow dodder

Cuscute des champs
Native,
Endangered
Cuscuta campestris.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Engelm.

1842. Cuscuta cephalanthi Engelm.
1916. Epithymum cephalanthi
Nieuwl. & Lunell
1973. Grammica cephalanthi W.A.Weber
Button-bush dodder Native,
Endangered
Cuscuta cephalanthi BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
 Kunth
var. glandulosa Engelm.

1859. Cuscuta obtusiflora var. glandulosa
1903. Cuscuta glandulosa
(Engelm.) Small
Peruvian dodder Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Engelm.

1842. Cuscuta polygonorum Engelm.
1843. Cuscuta chlorocarpa Engelm.
Smartweed dodder,
Polygonum dodder

Cuscute des renouées
Native,
Endangered
Cuscuta polygonorum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 R.Br.

1810. Cuscuta australis R. Br.
1859. Cuscuta obtusiflora
var. australis
Australian dodder,
Southern dodder
Introduced,
Impersistent
Cuscuta australis flower3 (8418550648).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Weihe

1824. Cuscuta epilinum Weihe
Flax dodder Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Cuscuta epilinum BB-1913-1.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Cuscuta europaea var. epithymum
1774. Cuscuta epithymum (L.) L.
Clover dodder Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa
Flor de cuscuta5260.JPG
Nymap.svg


ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Big-fruited dodder Introduced
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp

Family Solanaceae[edit]

The Solanaceae (nightshade family)...[1]

Subfamily Schizanthoideae[edit]

Genus Schizanthus[edit]

Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Schizanthoideae – genus Schizanthus
Schizanthus Schizanthus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Ruiz & Pav.

1798. Schizanthus pinnatus
Ruiz & Pav.
1849. Schizanthus gracilis Clos
1859. Schizanthus gayanus Phil.
Butterfly-flower,
Poorman's orchid,
Poor-man's-orchid
Introduced from
 Chile,
Unk. naturalization

Annual,
Herb-forb
Schizanthus pinnatus (Solanaceae) flower.JPG
Schizanthus pinnatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subfamily Petunioideae[edit]

Genus Petunia[edit]
Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Petunioideae – genus Petunia
PetuniaJuss. Petunia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Lam.)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1794. Nicotiana axillaris Lam.
1888. Petunia axillaris (Lam.)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
1933. P. parodii Steere
1977. P. axillaris ssp. parodii
 auct. P. violaceanon Juss.
White petunia,
Large white petunia,
White moon petunia

Pétunia axillaire
Introduced from
 South America,
Not naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
Petunia axillaris 05.jpg
Petunia axillaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW Can-0
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(Hook.) Schinz & Thell.

1831. Salpiglossis integrifolia
Hook.
1833. Petunia violacea Lindl.
1911. P. inflata R.E.Fr.
1915. P. integrifolia
(Hook.) Schinz & Thell.
Violet petunia,
Violetflower petunia,
Violet-flowered petunia

Pétunia à fleurs violettes
Introduced from
 South America,
Not naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
Petunia integrifolia 144-8749.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-m
USDA-XX
Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
D.Don ex Loudon

Petunia axillaris ×
Petunia integrifolia

1834. Nierembergia × atkinsiana
Sweet
1839. Petunia × atkinsiana
(Sweet) D.Don ex W.H.Baxter
1863. P. × hybrida hort. ex E.Vilm.
Garden petunia,
White petunia

Pétunia d'Atkins
Introduced from
 South America,
Not naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
Ab plant 774.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
Can

Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Nicotianoideae[edit]

Tribe Nicotianeae[edit]

Genus Nicotiana[edit]
Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Nicotianoideae – tribe Nicotianeae – genus Nicotiana
Nicotiana Tobacco N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Link & Otto

1830. Nicotiana alata Link & Otto
    Nicotiana affinis
    
Jasmine tobacco,
Flowering tobacco,
Persian tobacco
Introduced,
S. America native
Nicotiana alata basal rosette.jpg
Nicotiana alata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Aztec tobacco,
Wild tobacco
Introduced
Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG
Nicotiana rustica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
(Graham) Hook.
var. multiflora (Phil.) Reiche

1799. Nicotiana angustifolia Ruiz & Pav.
1864. N. multiflora Phil.non Torr. (1857)
1910. N. acuminata var. multiflora
Many-flowered tobacco,
Manyflower tobacco
Introduced from
 South America,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
Nicotianaacuminata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Australian tobacco,
Scented tobacco,
Wild tobacco
Introduced from
 Australia,
Excluded
P1000459 Nicotiana suaveolen (Solanaceae) Flower.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-X

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Longflower tobacco,
Long-flowered tobacco
Introduced from
 South America,
Excluded
Nicotiana longiflora BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

Subfamily Solanoideae[edit]

Tribe Nicandreae[edit]

Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Solanoideae – tribe Nicandreae
Nicandra Nicandra N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Scop.

    Atropa physalodes L.
    Physalodes physalodes (L.) Britton
Apple-of-Peru,
Shoofly plant,
Broadleaf-nightshade,
Nicandra
Introduced from
 Peru,
Unk. natulilization
Nicandra physalodes fax02.JPG
Nicandra physalodes NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Hyoscyameae[edit]

Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Solanoideae – tribe Hyoscyameae
Atropa Belladonna N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Belladonna,
Deadly nightshade,
Belladone,
Morelle furieuse
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
N. Africa native
Flickr - don macauley - Deadly Nightshade.jpg
No counties NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Hyoscyamus Henbane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)

Black henbane,
Stinking nightshade,
Jusquiame noire,
Herbe aux dents
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
N. Africa native
Hyoscyamus niger IMG 8891 bulmeurt hovedöya.JPG
Hyoscyamus niger NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Lycium Desert-thorn N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Lycium halimifolium Mill.Lycium vulgare Dunal
Common matrimony vine,
Barbary matrimony-vine
Introduced,
China native
Lycium barbarum-344.JPG
Lycium barbarum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Capsiceae[edit]

Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Solanoideae – tribe Capsiceae
Capsicum Pepper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
var. glabriusculum

Capsicum frutescens
Cayenne pepper,
American bird pepper,
Turkey pepper,
Chilipiquin
Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent
Capsicum annuum 003.JPG
No counties NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Datureae[edit]

Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Solanoideae – tribe Datureae
Datura Jimsonweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

1753. Datura stramonium L.
1762. Datura tatula L.
1777. Datura inermis Juss. ex Jacq.
1796. Datura lurida Salisb.
Jimsonweed,
Common thorn apple,
Jamestown weed,
Purple thorn-apple
Introduced from
 tropical America,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: M 50
20111006Karottenfeld Hockenheim5.jpg
Datura stramonium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Mill. (1768)

    Datura innoxia Mill.
    Datura meteloides L.
 auct. Datura metelnon L.
Angel's trumpet,
Sacred datura,
Downy thorn-apple,
Pricklyburr
Introduced,
Texas native,
Mexico native,
S. America native
Datura inoxia265853429.jpg
Datura inoxia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Hindu datura,
Hindu thorn-apple,
Downy thorn-apple,
Horn-of-plenty
Introduced,
West Indies native?
Datura inoxia Sopron 02 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Regel

1859. Datura wrightii Regel
Sacred thorn-apple,
Sacred thornapple,
Sacred datura
Introduced from
 U.S. southwest,
 Mexico,
No specimens
Datura wrightii ( Sacred Datura).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-N0

ARS 




Images, wsp

Tribe Physaleae[edit]

The Physaleae, most known as ground-cherries, have fruit very similar to small tomatoes except that they are each loosely encased in a papery husk formed from their calyx.

Genus Physalis[edit]
Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Solanoideae – tribe Physaleae – genus Physalis
Physalis Ground cherry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Nees
var. heterophylla

    
    
    
Clammy ground-cherry Native,
Secure
Physalis heterophylla Clammy Ground Cherry flower and leaves 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Nutt.
var. subglabrata

    Physalis macrophysa
    
    
Longleaf groundcherry,
Long-leaved ground-cherry
Native,
Likely secure
Physalis longifolia var. subglabrata 5437078-4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
var. integrifolia

    
    
 auct. Physalis pruinosanon L.
Husk tomato,
Low-hairy ground-cherry
Native,
Endangered
Gooseberry flower.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-






Images, wsp
 Mill.
var. virginiana

    Physalis intermedia Rydb.
 auct. Physalis lanceolata
    Physalis monticola C.Mohr
Virginia groundcherry,
Virginia ground-cherry,
Field groundcherry
Native,
Endangered
Physalis virginiana 1216004-4x3.jpg
Physalis virginiana var virginiana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
(Waterf.) M.Martínez

    P. pruinosa sensu Rydb.
    P. pubescens var. grisea
1993. P. grisea (Waterf.) M.Martínez
Strawberry tomato,
Ground cherry,
Hairy round-cherry,
Dwarf cape gooseberry,
Husk tomato
Native,
Unranked
Physalis pruinosa1SHSU.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Strawberry ground-cherry,
Chinese-lantern,
Japanese-lantern,
Red-flesh Cape-gooseberry
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Physalis alkekengi 4765.jpg
Physalis alkekengi NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
var. immaculata

P. ixocarpa auct. non Brot.
Mexican husk tomato,
Mexican groundcherry,
Tomatillo ground-cherry,
Alkékenge du Mexique
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Mesoamerica native
Physalis ixocarpa.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Physalisexcluded Ground cherry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Nutt.

Dwarf groundberry Introduced,
Excluded
Physalis pumila BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Genus Leucophysalis[edit]
Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Solanoideae – tribe Physaleae – genus Leucophysalis
Leucophysalis Leucophysalis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

    Chamaesaracha grandiflora
    Physalis grandiflora
    Leucophysalis grandiflora
Large false groundcherry,
Large-flowered ground-cherry,
White-flowered ground-cherry
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Leucophysalis grandiflora BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Solaneae[edit]

Genus Solanum[edit]
Solanum subg. Leptostemonum[edit]

Members of subgenus Leptostemonum are characterized by sharp epidermal prickles, lending the group the common name spiny nightshade. A well-known member is the Asian eggplant (Solanum melongena), which doesn't appear to have escaped cultivation in New York. However, a few New-World Leptostemonum species, including the two North American natives, Carolina horsenettle and buffalo bur, are part this region's flora. The ivasive tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum) is also in this subgenus, though it hasn't yet been reported farther north than Pennsylvania.

Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Solanoideae – tribe Solaneae – genus Solanumsubg. Leptostemonum
Solanumsect. Lathyrocarpum Nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L.
var. carolinense

1753. Solanum carolinense L.
    
    
Carolina horsenettle,
Carolina nightshade,
Ball nettle,
Ball nightshade,
Sand briar,
Apple-of-Sodom

Morelle de Caroline,
Morelle de la Caroline
Native,
Secure
Solanum carolinense 03897-43.jpg
Solanum carolinense var carolinense NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NEW Can


BNA


Images, wsp
Solanumsect. Crinitum Nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Dunal (1813)

Buffalo bur,
Beaked-sandbur,
Horned nightshade,
Horse-nettle
Introduced,
N. America native
Solanum rostratum RH (12).jpg
Solanum rostratum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Lam. (1794)

Sticky nightshade,
Red buffalo-bur
Introduced,
S. America native
Solanum sisymbriifolium RH (2).jpg
Solanum sisymbriifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Solanumsect. Acanthophora Nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Dunal (1852)

Tropical soda apple Introduced from
 South America,
Potentially invasive,
Approaching NY
Solanum viarum fruit UGA1115026-4x3.jpg
Solanum viarum nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Solanum subg. Solanum[edit]
Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Solanoideae – tribe Solaneae – genus Solanumsubg. Solanum
Solanumsect. Solanum Nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Dunal

1852. Solanum ptycanthum Dunal
[1]
1852. Solanum ptychanthum Dunal
 auct. Solanum nigrumnon L.
 auct. Solanum americanumnon Mill.
Black nightshade,
Eastern black nightshade,
West Indian nightshade,
American black nightshade

Morelle noire de l'Est
Native,
Secure,
US & Canada native
Solanum ptychanthum 5437087.jpg
Solanum ptychanthum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

 auct. S. rubrumnon L.
Black nightshade,
European black nightshade,
Blackberry nightshade,
Morelle noire
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
N. Africa native
Solanum nigrum flower.jpg
Solanum nigrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Rusby (1896)

 auct. S. sarachoidesnon Sendtn.
 auct. S. villosumnon Mill.
Hoe nightshade,
Ground-cherry nightshade,
Hairy nightshade,
Argentine nightshade,
Green nightshade
Introduced
Solanum physalifolium 002.jpg
Solanum physalifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Mill.

1753. Solanum nigrum var. villosum
1768. Solanum villosum Mill.
1768. Solanum luteum Mill
    Solanum alatrum
Red nightshade,
Red-fruit nightshade,
Wooly nightshade
Introduced from
 Europe,
Excluded
Solanum villosum 01-10-2005 11.10.56.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Solanumsect. Dulcamara Climbing nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L.
var. dulcamara

1753. Solanum dulcamara L.
[2]
Bittersweet,
Bittersweet nightshade,
Climbing nightshade,
Trailing nightshade
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Invasive,
NYIS: 49%[3]
Bittersweet (Solanum dulcamara).jpg
Solanum dulcamara var dulcamara NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
var. villosissimum

1818. S. dulcamara
var. villosissimum Desv.
[2]
Bittersweet,
Bittersweet nightshade,
Climbing nightshade,
Trailing nightshade
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
N. Africa native
SolanumDulcamara-bloem-sm.jpg
Solanum dulcamara var villosissimum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. USDA-NRCS lists S. ptychanthum as S. ptycanthum. Most sources seem to use the "ch" rather than just the 'c'.
  2. a b ITIS & GRIN lump the two Solanum dulcamara varieties together as a single taxon, while NYFA, USDA-NRCS, and NEWFS treat them separately.
  3. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentS. dulcamara var dulcamara: Low (49).
Solanum subg. Potatoe[edit]
Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Solanoideae – tribe Solaneae – genus Solanumsubg. Potatoesect. Petota
Solanumsubg. Potatoesect. Petotasubsect. Lycopersicon Tomato N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L.
var. lycopersicum

1753. Solanum lycopersicum L.
1768. Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
1813. L. pyriforme Dunal nom superfl.
1882. L. lycopersicum (L.) H.Karst. nom. rej.
Tomato,
Garden tomato

Tomate,
Tomate comestible
Introduced,
Not naturalized
Starr 070906-8911 Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum.jpg
Solanum lycopersicum var lycopersicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Note: [1]
Solanumsubg. Potatoesect. Petotasubsect. Potatoe Potato N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L.

1753. Solanum tuberosum L.
    
    
Potato,
Irish potato,
White potato

Pomme de terre
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
Bouquet de fleurs de pommes de terre - 001.JPG
Solanum tuberosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. New York Flora Atlas (2013) lists tomato as Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., while other sources list it as Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum.
Solanum subg. Geminata[edit]
Solanales – fam. Solanaceae – subfam. Solanoideae – tribe Solaneae – genus Solanumsubg. Geminata
Solanumsubg. Geminata Nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L. (1753)

    S. capsicastrum Link ex Schauer
Jerusalem-cherry,
False capsicum,
Winter-cherry
Introduced from
 Mexico,
 South America,
Impersistent,
Not Naturalized
Solanum pseudocapsicum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp