Flora of New York/Solanales

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Gentianales
Flora of New York — Solanales
Boraginales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Solanales as listed here includes the New-York-represented families Convolvulaceae, Solanaceae.

Family Convolvulaceae[edit]

The Convolvulaceae (bindweed, morning-glory family)...

Subamily Convolvuloideae[edit]

Tribe Convolvuleae[edit]

Calystegia sepium
hedge bindweed
Members of the Convolvuleae are mostly known as bindweeds and were originally placed in the genus Convolvulus by Linnaeus in 1753. In 1810, Robert Brown separated out those with large bracts covering the sepals, and called them Calystegia (from the Greek, indicating "calyx covering"), sometimes known a "false bindweed". Many questioned the seemingly artificial splitting of the Convolvuleae based on a single morphological difference, but additional differences were eventually discovered and after about 150 years, the split was fairly well accepted. However, subsequent molecular evidence has shown that Calystegia is likely embedded within Convolvulus, and future lumping and/or splitting of the bindweeds will be required to avoid polyphyletic groups.[1]
Calystegia[edit]
Solanales — Convolvulaceae — Convolvuloideae — Convolvuleae — Calystegia
CalystegiaR.Br. False bindweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) R.Br.

1753. Convolvulus sepium L.
1755. Co. repens L.
1810. Calystegia sepium (L) R.Br.
1839. Ca. inflata G.Don
1844. Co. americanus (Sims) J.W.Loudon
1848. Ca. sepium var. repens A.Gray
1869. Aniseia arifolia Meisn.
1878. Co. sepium var. repens
1891. Volvulus sepium Junger
1980. Ca. sepium ssp. appalachiana
1980. Ca. sepium ssp. angulata
1981. Ca. sepium ssp. erratica
1984. Ca. sepium var. angulata
1804. Co. sepium var. americanus
Hedge bindweed,
Hedge false bindweed,
Bracted bindweed,
Trailing hedge-bindweed,
Wild morning glory,
Greater bindweed,
Appalachian false bindweed
Liseron des haies,
Grand liseron
Native, C:0,
Unranked

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb, vine
Calystegia sepium sepium - side (aka).jpg
Calystegia sepium ssp sepium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-N
USDA-MN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 (L.) Pursh
ssp. spithamaea

1753. Convolvulus spithamaeus L.
1814. Calystegia spithamaea (L.) Pursh
Low bindweed,
Low false bindweed,
Upright false bindweed,
Upright bindweed,
Dwarf bindweed
Liseron dressé
Native, C:7,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb, vine
Low Bindweed (Calystegia spithamaea).jpg
Calystegia spithamaea ssp spithamaea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 (Kit.) Griseb.
ssp. fraterniflora
(Mack. & Bush) Brummitt

1902. Co. sepium var. fraterniflorus
1905. Co. fraterniflorus Mack. & Bush
1965. Ca. fraterniflora Brummitt
1968. Ca. sepium var. fraterniflora
1981. Ca. silvatica ssp. fraterniflora
Paired-flowered bindweed,
Shortstalk false bindweed,
Short-stalked false bindweed
Native, C:10,
Unranked

Perennial,
Herb-forb, vine
Calystegia silvatica.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Wall.

1824. Calystegia hederacea Wall.
1827. Convolvulus wallichianus Spreng.
1891. V. hederaceus (Wall.) Kuntze
Ivy-like bindweed,
Japanese false bindweed,
Wallich's bindweed
Introduced

Perennial,
Herb-forb, vine
Calystegia hederacea2.jpg
Calystegia hederacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Lindl.

1846. Calystegia pubescens Lindl.
1829. Convolvulus pellitus fo. anestius
1837. Calystegia pellita (Ledeb.) G. Don
Hairy false bindweed,
Japanese bindweed
Introduced,
Asia native

Perennial,
Herb-forb, vine
Calystegia pubescens1.jpg
Calystegia pellita NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Note: [1]
Calystegia (excluded taxa) False bindweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Kit.) Griseb.
ssp. silvatica

    
    
    
Shortstalk false bindweed

Not native,
N.Y. excluded
Large Bindweed (Calystegia silvatica) (3697223145).jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
(Ledeb.) G. Don

    Convolvulus pellitus Ledeb.
    Calystegia pellita (Ledeb.) G. Don
    
Hairy false bindweed

Not native,
N.Y. excluded
Calystegia pellita (Convolvulus dahuricus) Bot. Mag. 53. 2609. 1826.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD

ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. USDA-NRCS-PLANTS treats Calystegia pellita as a synonym of Calystegia hederacea. ARS-GRIN lists it as Calystegia pubescens (syn. Calystegia japonica). ITIS and NYFA call it Calystegia pellita.
Convolvulus[edit]
Convolvulus arvensis
field bindweed

Solanales — Convolvulaceae — Convolvuloideae — Convolvuleae — Convolvulus
Convolvulus Bindweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Convolvulus arvensis L.
1905. Convolvulus ambigens House
1933. Strophocaulos arvensis Small
 auctConvolvulus incanusnon Vahl
Field bindweed,
Creeping Jenny,
European bindweed,
Perennial morningglory,
Smallflowered morningglory
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Invasive,
Regulated in west[1]
20160723Convolvulus arvensis2.jpg
Convolvulus arvensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Convolvulus (excluded taxa) Bindweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
Desr.

1792. Convolvulus pilosellifolius
Desr.
Soft bindweed Introduced from
 Asia,
 Egypt,
N.Y. excluded
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-00

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Ipomoeeae[edit]

Ipomoea[edit]
In geneneral, the genus Ipomoea species are known as morning glories. Ipomoea contains a single New York native, known as the wild potato vine, and also includes cultivated sweet potatoes. The genus is here separated into three subgenera, corresponding to white, red, and purple morning glories.
Ipomoea subg. Eriospermum[edit]
Ipomoea pandurata
wild potato vine

Solanales — Convolvulaceae — Convolvuloideae — Ipomoeeae — Ipomoea subg. Eriospermum
Ipomoeasubg. Eriospermum White morning glory N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) G.Mey. (1818)

    
    
    
Wild potato vine,
Bigroot morningglory,
Big-rooted morning-glory,
Man of the earth, Manroot,
Wild sweet-potato vine
Native, C:10,
Endangered

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-vine
Flickr - ggallice - Man-of-the-Earth.jpg
Ipomoea pandurata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
White morning glory,
Smallflower white morningglory,
Whitestar,
Pitted morningglory,
White morningglory
Introduced,
US South native,
Not naturalized

Annual,
Herb-vine
Ipomoea lacunosa1.jpg
Ipomoea lacunosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NW
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 (L.) Lam.

1793. Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.
Sweet potato,
Yam
Patate douce
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Neotropic native
Sweet Potato Flower, Taichung, Taiwan.jpg
Ipomoea batatas NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp
Ipomoeasubg. Eriospermum (excluded taxa) White morning glory N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

    
    
    
Beach morning-glory

N. America native
 southeast U.S.,
N.Y. excluded
Starr 060928-0389 Ipomoea imperati.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
Ipomoea subg. Quamoclit[edit]
Ipomoea coccinea
red morning glory

Solanales — Convolvulaceae — Convolvuloideae — Ipomoeeae — Ipomoea subg. Quamoclit
Ipomoeasubg. Quamoclit Red morning glory N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Red morning-glory,
Redstar,
Scarlet-creeper,
Star ipomoea, Starglory,
Woolly tidestromia
Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent
Gardenology.org-IMG 0775 bbg09.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp
Ipomoeasubg. Quamoclit (excluded taxa) Red morning glory N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
L. (1753)

    
    
    
Cypressvine,
Cypressvine morning-glory,
Cheveux de Venus
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded,
Mesoamerica native
Ipomoea quamoclit02.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Ipomoea subg. Ipomoea[edit]
Ipomoea pandurata
wild potato vine

Solanales — Convolvulaceae — Convolvuloideae — Ipomoeeae — Ipomoea subg. Ipomoea
Ipomoeasubg. Ipomoea Purple morning glory N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Roth (1787)

    Convolvulus purpureus L.
    Pharbitis purpurea (L.) Voigt
    Ipomoea hirsutula Jacq.f.
Common morning-glory,
Tall morning-glory
Introduced,
Neotropic native
Ipomoea purpurea (Convolvulaceae) flower 1.JPG
Ipomoea purpurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Jacq. (1787)

    
    
    
Ivyleaf morning glory,
Entireleaf morning glory,
Mexican morning glory
Introduced,
Mexico native,
S. America native
Ipomoea hederacea 003.jpg
Ipomoea hederacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 (L.) Roth

1753. Convolvulus hederaceus L.
1762. Convolvulus nil L.
1797. Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth
1834. Pharbitis nil (L.) Choisy
1850. Pharbitis limbata Lindl.
 auct. I. hederaceanon Jacq. (i)
Whiteedge morningglory,
White-edged morning-glory
Introduced from
 Mexico,
 South America,
N.Y. excluded
Ipomoea nil in Hong Kong.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Cuscutoideae[edit]

Cuscuta[edit]

The genus Cuscuta (dodder) contains parasitic vines.

Solanales — Convolvulaceae — Cuscutoideae — Cuscuta
Cuscuta Dodder N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
var. gronovii

1820. Cuscuta gronovii
Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
1916. Epithymum gronovii
Nieuwl. & Lunell
Gronovius dodder,
Scaldweed,
Common dodder,
Love dodder,
Swamp dodder
Cuscute de Gronovius
Native,
Secure
Gronovius Seide Gesamt.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Willd. ex Schult.
var. latiflora Engelm.

1842. Cuscuta saururi Engelm.
1859. C. gronovii var. latiflora
1892. C. gronovii var. saururi
Gronovius dodder,
Scaldweed
Cuscute à fleurs larges
Native,
Unranked
Weiden-Seide Blüten Zoom.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Englem.

1842. Cuscuta coryli Englem.
1843. Cuscuta crenulata Engelm.
1859. Cuscuta inflexa Engelm.
1916. Epithymum coryli Nieuwl. & Lunell
1973. Grammica coryli Hadač & Chrtek
Hazel dodder
Cuscute du noisetier
Native,
Likely secure
Cuscuta coryli BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Engelm.

1842. Cuscuta pentagona Engelm.
1856. C. arvensis Beyr. ex Engelm.
1859. C. arvensis var. pentagona
1973. Grammica pentagona W.A.Weber
Fiveangled dodder,
Five-angled dodder
Native,
Rare
Cuscuta pentagona flowers 2003-11-08.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Juss. ex Choisy

1842. Cuscuta compacta Juss. ex Choisy
1843. Lepidanche adpressa Engelm.
1845. Cuscuta glomerata var. adpressa
1850. Cuscuta fruticum Bertol.
1859. Cuscuta compacta var. adpressa
Sessile dodder,
Compact dodder,
Dense dodder
Cuscute compacte
Native,
Rare
Cuscuta compacta BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Yunck.

1843. Cuscuta pentagona var. calycina
1859. Cuscuta arvensis var. calycina
1932. Cuscuta campestris Yunck.
1970. Grammica campestris
Hadac & Chrtek
Field dodder,
Prairie dodder,
Yellow dodder
Cuscute des champs
Native,
Endangered
Cuscuta campestris.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Engelm.

1842. Cuscuta cephalanthi Engelm.
1916. Epithymum cephalanthi
Nieuwl. & Lunell
1973. Grammica cephalanthi W.A.Weber
Button-bush dodder Native,
Endangered
Cuscuta cephalanthi BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
 Kunth
var. glandulosa Engelm.

1859. Cuscuta obtusiflora var. glandulosa
1903. Cuscuta glandulosa
(Engelm.) Small
Peruvian dodder Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Engelm.

1842. Cuscuta polygonorum Engelm.
1843. Cuscuta chlorocarpa Engelm.
Smartweed dodder,
Polygonum dodder
Cuscute des renouées
Native,
Endangered
Cuscuta polygonorum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 R.Br.

1810. Cuscuta australis R. Br.
1859. Cuscuta obtusiflora
var. australis
Australian dodder,
Southern dodder
Introduced,
Impersistent
Cuscuta australis flower3 (8418550648).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Weihe

1824. Cuscuta epilinum Weihe
Flax dodder Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Cuscuta epilinum BB-1913-1.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Cuscuta europaea var. epithymum
1774. Cuscuta epithymum (L.) L.
Clover dodder Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa
Flor de cuscuta5260.JPG
Nymap.svg


ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Big-fruited dodder Introduced
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp

Family Solanaceae[edit]

The Solanaceae (nightshade family)...[1]

Subfamily Schizanthoideae[edit]

Schizanthus[edit]

Solanales — Solanaceae — Schizanthoideae — Schizanthus
Schizanthus Schizanthus N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
Ruiz & Pav.

1798. Schizanthus pinnatus
Ruiz & Pav.
1849. Schizanthus gracilis Clos
1859. Schizanthus gayanus Phil.
Butterfly-flower,
Poorman's orchid,
Poor-man's-orchid
Introduced from
 Chile,
Unk. naturalization

Annual,
Herb-forb
Schizanthus pinnatus (Solanaceae) flower.JPG
Schizanthus pinnatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subfamily Petunioideae[edit]

Petunia[edit]
Solanales — Solanaceae — Petunioideae — Petunia
PetuniaJuss. Petunia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (Lam.)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1794. Nicotiana axillaris Lam.
1888. Petunia axillaris (Lam.)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
1933. P. parodii Steere
1977. P. axillaris ssp. parodii
 auct. P. violaceanon Juss.
White petunia,
Large white petunia,
White moon petunia
Pétunia axillaire
Introduced from
 South America,
Not naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
Petunia axillaris 05.jpg
Petunia axillaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW Can-0
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(Hook.) Schinz & Thell.

1831. Salpiglossis integrifolia
Hook.
1833. Petunia violacea Lindl.
1911. P. inflata R.E.Fr.
1915. P. integrifolia
(Hook.) Schinz & Thell.
Violet petunia,
Violetflower petunia,
Violet-flowered petunia
Pétunia à fleurs violettes
Introduced from
 South America,
Not naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
Petunia integrifolia 144-8749.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-m
USDA-XX
Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
D.Don ex Loudon

Petunia axillaris ×
Petunia integrifolia

1834. Nierembergia × atkinsiana
Sweet
1839. Petunia × atkinsiana
(Sweet) D.Don ex W.H.Baxter
1863. P. × hybrida hort. ex E.Vilm.
Garden petunia,
White petunia
Pétunia d'Atkins
Introduced from
 South America,
Not naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
Ab plant 774.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
Can

Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Nicotianoideae[edit]

Tribe Nicotianeae[edit]

Nicotiana[edit]
Solanales — Solanaceae — Nicotianoideae — Nicotianeae — Nicotiana
Nicotiana Tobacco N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Link & Otto

1830. Nicotiana alata Link & Otto
    Nicotiana affinis
    
Jasmine tobacco,
Flowering tobacco,
Persian tobacco
Introduced,
S. America native
Nicotiana alata basal rosette.jpg
Nicotiana alata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Aztec tobacco,
Wild tobacco
Introduced Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG
Nicotiana rustica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
(Graham) Hook.
var. multiflora (Phil.) Reiche

1799. Nicotiana angustifolia Ruiz & Pav.
1864. N. multiflora Phil.non Torr. (1857)
1910. N. acuminata var. multiflora
Many-flowered tobacco,
Manyflower tobacco
Introduced from
 South America,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
Nicotianaacuminata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Nicotiana (excluded taxa) Tobacco N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

Australian tobacco,
Scented tobacco,
Wild tobacco
Introduced from
 Australia,
N.Y. excluded
P1000459 Nicotiana suaveolen (Solanaceae) Flower.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Longflower tobacco,
Long-flowered tobacco
Introduced from
 South America,
N.Y. excluded
Nicotiana longiflora BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

Subfamily Solanoideae[edit]

Tribe Nicandreae[edit]

Nicandra[edit]
Nicandra physalodes
Apple of Peru or shoo-fly plant

Solanales — Solanaceae — Solanoideae — Nicandreae — Nicandra
Nicandra Nicandra N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
 (L.) Scop.

    Atropa physalodes L.
    Physalodes physalodes (L.) Britton
Apple-of-Peru,
Shoofly plant,
Broadleaf-nightshade,
Nicandra
Introduced from
 Peru,
Unk. naturalization
Nicandra physaloides D.JPG
Nicandra physalodes NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Hyoscyameae[edit]

Atropa[edit]
Solanales — Solanaceae — Solanoideae — Hyoscyameae — Atropa
Atropa Belladonna N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

Belladonna,
Deadly nightshade,
Belladone,
Morelle furieuse
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
N. Africa native
Flickr - don macauley - Deadly Nightshade.jpg
No counties NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Hyoscyamus[edit]
Hyosciamus niger
black henbane

Solanales — Solanaceae — Solanoideae — Hyoscyameae — Hyoscyamus
Hyoscyamus Henbane N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L. (1753)

Black henbane,
Stinking nightshade,
Jusquiame noire,
Herbe aux dents
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
N. Africa native
Hyoscyamus niger 0003.JPG
Hyoscyamus niger NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Lycium[edit]
Lycium barbarum
matrimony vine
Two edible Asian Lycium species have been found to naturalize in New York. These are both cultivated for their fruits, which go by the names wolfberry or goji berry.
Solanales — Solanaceae — Solanoideae — Hyoscyameae — Lycium
LyciumL. Desert-thorn, Wolfberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Lycium barbarum L.
1768. Lycium halimifolium Mill.
1852. Lycium vulgare Dunal
Common matrimony vine
Barbary matrimony-vine
Matrimony vine
Chinese wolfberry

Lyciet de Barbarie
Lyciet commun
Lyciet
Introduced from
 China,
Naturalized

Perennial,
Shrub-vine
Wolfberry Farm Berries Closeup Ningxia 174.jpg
Lycium barbarum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Mill.

1768. Lycium chinense Mill.
1978. Lycium chinense var. potaninii
Chinese matrimony vine
Chinese desert-thorn
Chinese boxthorn
Chinese box-thorn

Lyciet de Chine
Introduced from
 Asia,
Naturalized

Perennial,
Shrub-vine
Lycium chinense 15.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Capsiceae[edit]

Capsicum[edit]
Solanales — Solanaceae — Solanoideae — Capsiceae — Capsicum
Capsicum Pepper N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
 L.
var. glabriusculum

Capsicum frutescens
Cayenne pepper,
American bird pepper,
Turkey pepper,
Chilipiquin
Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent
Capsicum annuum 003.JPG
No counties NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Datureae[edit]

Datura[edit]
Datura stramonium, Jimsonweed

Solanales — Solanaceae — Solanoideae — Datureae
Datura Jimsonweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Datura stramonium L.
1762. Datura tatula L.
1777. Datura inermis Juss. ex Jacq.
1796. Datura lurida Salisb.
Jimsonweed,
Common thorn apple,
Jamestown weed,
Purple thorn-apple
Introduced from
 tropical America,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: M 50
Datura stramonium - Fleur et feuilles - Vue de profil.JPG
Datura stramonium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Datura metel L.
1756. Datura fastuosa L.
1834. Datura alba Nees
1859. Datura chlorantha Hook.
1922. Datura metel var. fastuosa
Hindu datura,
Hindu thorn-apple,
Downy thorn-apple,
Horn-of-plenty,
Metel
Introduced from
 West Indies (?)
Datura metel 0793.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Mill.

1768. Datura i(n)noxia Mill.
1852. Datura meteloides DC. ex Dunal
 auct. Datura metelnon L.
Angel's trumpet,
Sacred datura,
Downy thorn-apple,
Pricklyburr
Introduced from
 Texas,
 Mexico,
 South America
D. innoxia fruto-3.JPG
Datura inoxia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Datura (excluded taxa) Jimsonweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Regel

1856. Datura metel var. quinquecuspida
1859. Datura wrightii Regel
    Datura inoxia ssp. quinquecuspida
Sacred thorn-apple,
Sacred thornapple,
Sacred datura
Introduced from
 U.S. southwest,
 Mexico,
N.Y. excluded
Toloache or Jimsonweed (4685571018).jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Physaleae[edit]

The Physaleae, most known as ground-cherries, have fruit very similar to small tomatoes except that they are each loosely encased in a papery husk formed from their calyx.

Physalis[edit]
Solanales — Solanaceae — Solanoideae — Physaleae — Physalis
Physalis Ground cherry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Nees

    
    
    
Clammy ground-cherry Native,
Secure
Physalis heterophylla Clammy Ground Cherry flower and leaves 3x4.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Nutt.
var. subglabrata

    Physalis macrophysa
    
    
Longleaf groundcherry,
Long-leaved ground-cherry
Native,
Likely secure
Physalis longifolia - Longleaf Groundcherry.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Mill.
var. virginiana

1768. Physalis virginiana Mill.
1895. P. virginiana var. intermedia
1899. Physalis monticola C.Mohr
1903. Physalis intermedia
(Rydb.) Rydb. ex Small
 auct. Physalis lanceolata
Virginia groundcherry,
Virginia ground-cherry,
Field groundcherry,
Perennial groundcherry
Native,
Endangered
Physalis virginiana (42924079215) 2x3.jpg
Physalis virginiana var virginiana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
(Waterf.) M.Martínez

 auct. P. pruinosa sensu Rydb. non L.
1958. P. pubescens var. grisea
1993. P. grisea (Waterf.) M.Martínez
Gray ground cherry
Downy ground-cherry
Strawberry-tomato
Hairy ground-cherry
Dwarf cape gooseberry
Native, C:0,
Unranked

Annual,
Herb-forb
Physalis pruinosa habit.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Strawberry ground-cherry,
Chinese-lantern,
Japanese-lantern,
Red-flesh Cape-gooseberry
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Physalis alkekengi 004.JPG
Physalis alkekengi NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

P. ixocarpa auct. non Brot.
Mexican husk tomato,
Mexican groundcherry,
Tomatillo ground-cherry,
Alkékenge du Mexique
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Mesoamerica native
Miechunka pomidorowa.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Physalisexcluded Ground cherry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Nutt.

Dwarf groundberry Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Physalis pumila BB-1913.png
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Physalis pubescens L.
1852. P. hirsuta var. integrifolia
1958. P. pubescens var. integrifolia
 auct. Physalis pruinosanon L.
Husk tomato,
Low-hairy ground-cherry
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Physalis pubescens L. - Flickr - Alex Popovkin, Bahia, Brazil.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Leucophysalis[edit]
Solanales — Solanaceae — Solanoideae — Physaleae — Leucophysalis
Leucophysalis Leucophysalis N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

    Chamaesaracha grandiflora
    Physalis grandiflora
    Leucophysalis grandiflora
Large false groundcherry,
Large-flowered ground-cherry,
White-flowered ground-cherry
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Leucophysalis grandiflora BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Solaneae[edit]

Solanum[edit]
Solanum subg. Leptostemonum[edit]
Solanum carolinense
horse nettle
Members of subgenus Leptostemonum are characterized by sharp epidermal prickles, lending the group the common name spiny nightshade. A well-known member is the Asian eggplant (Solanum melongena), which doesn't appear to have escaped cultivation in New York. However, a few New-World Leptostemonum species, including the two North American natives, Carolina horsenettle and buffalo bur, are part of this region's flora. The ivasive tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum) is also in this subgenus, though it hasn't yet been reported farther north than Pennsylvania.
Solanales — Solanaceae — Solanoideae — Solaneae — Solanum subg. Leptostemonum
Solanumsect. Lathyrocarpum Nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.
var. carolinense

1753. Solanum carolinense L.
    
    
Horse nettle
Carolina horsenettle
Carolina nightshade
Ball nettle
Ball nightshade
Sand briar
Apple-of-Sodom

Morelle de Caroline
Morelle de la Caroline
Native, C:0,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Solanum carolinense 03897-23.jpg
Solanum carolinense var carolinense NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NEW Can


BNA


Images, wsp
Solanumsect. Crinitum Nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Dunal (1813)

Buffalo bur,
Beaked-sandbur,
Horned nightshade,
Horse-nettle
Introduced,
N. America native
Solanum rostratum flower.JPG
Solanum rostratum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Lam. (1794)

Sticky nightshade,
Red buffalo-bur
Introduced,
S. America native
Solanum sisymbrifolium 1.jpg
Solanum sisymbriifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Solanumsect. Acanthophora Nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Dunal (1852)

Tropical soda apple Introduced from
 South America,
Potentially invasive,
Approaching NY[1]
Solanum viarum fruit.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Solanum subg. Solanum[edit]
Solanum dulcamara
bittersweet nightshade

Solanales — Solanaceae — Solanoideae — Solaneae — Solanum subg. Solanum
Solanumsect. Dulcamara Climbing nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Solanum dulcamara L.
1784. Lycopersicon dulcamara (L.) Medik.
1818. S. dulcamara var. villosissimum
1939. S. depilatum Kitag.
1972. S. kitagawae Schönb.-Tem.
Bittersweet nightshade
Bitter-sweet nightshade
Bitter nightshade
Climbing nightshade
Trailing nightshade
Woody nightshade

Morelle douce-amère
Douce-amère
Herbe à la fièvre
Vigne de Judée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Invasive,
NYIS: 49%[1]

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Purple hanging flowers.jpg
Solanum dulcamara var dulcamara NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Solanumsect. Solanum Nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Dunal

1852. Solanum ptycanthum Dunal[2]
1852. Solanum ptychanthum Dunal
 auct. Solanum nigrumnon L.
 auct. Solanum americanumnon Mill.
Eastern black nightshade
Black nightshade
West Indian nightshade
American black nightshade

Morelle noire de l'Est
Native, C:0,
Secure,
US & Canada native

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
Solanum ptychanthum 5437097.jpg
Solanum ptychanthum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

 auct. S. rubrumnon L.
European black nightshade
Black nightshade
Blackberry nightshade
Morelle noire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized
Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum) (5001763825).jpg
Solanum nigrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS


LBJ

Images, wsp
 Rusby
var. nitidibaccatum (Bitter) Edmonds

1896. Solanum physalifolium Rusby
1912. Solanum nitidibaccatum Bitter
 auct. S. sarachoidesnon Sendtn.
 auct. S. villosumnon Mill.
Green nightshade
Hoe nightshade
Ground-cherry nightshade
Hairy nightshade
Argentine nightshade
Introduced from
 South America,
Unk. naturalization
Solanum physalifolium 1392068.jpg
Solanum physalifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Solanumsect. Solanum (excluded taxa) Nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Mill.

1753. Solanum nigrum var. villosum
1768. Solanum villosum Mill.
1768. Solanum luteum Mill
    Solanum alatrum
Red nightshade,
Red-fruit nightshade,
Wooly nightshade
Introduced from
 Europe,
N.Y. excluded
Solanum villosum 01-10-2005 11.10.56.JPG
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentS. dulcamara var dulcamara: Low (49).
  2. USDA-NRCS lists S. ptychanthum as S. ptycanthum. Most sources seem to use the "ch" rather than just the 'c'.
Solanum subg. Potatoe[edit]
Solanales — Solanaceae — Solanoideae — Solaneae — Solanum subg. Potatoe sect. Petota
Solanumsubg. Potatoesect. Petotasubsect. Lycopersicon Tomato N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.
var. lycopersicum

1753. Solanum lycopersicum L.
1768. Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
1813. L. pyriforme Dunal nom superfl.
1882. L. lycopersicum (L.) H.Karst. nom. rej.
Tomato,
Garden tomato
Tomate,
Tomate comestible
Introduced,
Not naturalized
Tomato flower 005.jpg
Solanum lycopersicum var lycopersicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Note: [1]
Solanumsubg. Potatoesect. Petotasubsect. Lycopersicon (excluded taxa) Tomato N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
L.

1755. Solanum pimpinellifolium L.
1768. Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium (L.) Mill.
    
Currant tomato

Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Currant tomato flowers.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-00

ARS 




Images, wsp
Solanumsubg. Potatoesect. Petotasubsect. Potatoe Potato N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Solanum tuberosum L.
    
    
Potato,
Irish potato,
White potato
Pomme de terre
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
Aardappel bloeiend Fresco.jpg
Solanum tuberosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. New York Flora Atlas (2013) lists tomato as Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., while other sources list it as Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum.
Solanum subg. Geminata[edit]
Solanales — Solanaceae — Solanoideae — Solaneae — Solanum subg. Geminata
Solanumsubg. Geminata Nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L. (1753)

    S. capsicastrum Link ex Schauer
Jerusalem-cherry,
False capsicum,
Winter-cherry
Introduced from
 Mexico,
 South America,
Impersistent,
Not Naturalized
Solanum pseudocapsicum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Gentianales
Flora of New York — Solanales
Boraginales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index