Flora of New York/Proteales…Saxifragales

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Ranunculales
Flora of New York — Proteales, Buxales, Saxifragales
Vitales, Zygophyllales, Celastrales, Oxalidales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genera G T
Proteales Nelumbonaceae Nelumbo (lotus) 1 2
Platanaceae Platanus (sycamore) 1 2
Buxales Buxaceae Buxoideae Buxus (boxwood) 1 1
Pachysandroideae Pachysandreae Pachysandra (spurge) 1 2
Saxifragales Paeoniaceae Paeonia (peony) 1 1
Altingiaceae Liquidambar (sweetgum) 1 1
Hamamelidaceae Hamamelidoideae Hamamelideae Hamamelis (witchhazel) 1 1
Cercidiphyllaceae Cercidiphyllum (katsura tree) 1 1
Crassulaceae Crassuloideae Crassula (pygmyweed) 1 1
Sempervivoideae Umbiliceae Rhodiola, Hylotelephium, Phedimus (stonecrop) 3 7
Semperviveae Sempervivum (houseleek, hen-and-chickens) 1 1
Sedeae Sedum (stonecrop) 1 8
Haloragaceae Myriophylleae Myriophyllum (watermilfoil)
Proserpinaca (mermaidweed)
2 13
Penthoraceae Penthorum (ditch-stonecrop) 1 1
Grossulariaceae Ribes (currant, gooseberry) 1 11
Saxifragaceae Saxifragoideae Saxifrageae Saxifraga (saxifrage) 1 5
Heucheroideae Chrysosplenieae Chrysosplenium (golden saxifrage) 1 1
Heuchereae Tiarella (foamflower)
Mitella (miterwort)
Heuchera (alumroot)
Astilbe (florist's spiraea)
1 7

Order Proteales[edit]

The order Proteales...

Nelumbo lutea, Sodus Bay, 1916

Family Nelumbonaceae[edit]

The Nelumbonaceae (lotus family) has two species of aquatic plants found in New York.

Genus Nelumbo[edit]

Nelumbo nucifera is from tropical Asia, and Nelumbo lutea is a North American native that was probably introduced to New York from further south prior to widespread European settlement.

Proteales – fam. Nelumbonaceae – genus Nelumbo
Nelumbo Lotus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Willd.

1788. Nymphaea pentapetala Walter
rej.
1799. Nelumbo pentapetala Willd
rej.
1799. Nelumbium luteum Willd.
1799. Nelumbo lutea Willd.
1996. Nelumbo nucifera
ssp. lutea Borsch & Barthlott
American lotus,
Great yellow water-lily,
Water-chinquapin,
Yellow lotus
Introduced,
N. America native,
Rare[1]
Nelumbo lutea (2).jpg
Nelumbo lutea nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Gaertn.

1788. Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
1799. Nelumbo speciosa Willd.
    Nelumbium nelumbo
    Nelumbium speciosum
East Indian lotus,
Oriental lotus,
Pink lotus,
Sacred bean,
Sacred lotus
Introduced from
 tropical Asia,
Excluded,
Potentially invasive,
[2]
Nelumbo nucifera 001.JPG
Nelumbo nucifera nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
  1. Early botanists considered Nelumbo lutea to be native to the area around Sodus Bay, but it may have been cultivated there by Native Americans using plants brought from the South. It is now extirpated from that area, but naturalized pants persist elsewhere in the state.
  2. Nelumbo nucifera is likely to become invasive if introduced on Long Island.[1]

Family Platanaceae[edit]

The Platanaceae (sycamore family) is represented in New York by the native American Sycamore and the London plane tree, which is probably a hybrid of the American Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) and the Oriental plane (Platanus orientalis) from Eurasia.[1] Although widely planted as a street tree, the London plane tree is not known to naturalize extensively in New York.

Genus Platanus[edit]

Proteales – fam. Platanaceae – genus Platanus
Platanus Sycamore N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Platanus occidentalis L.
1901. Platanus glabrata Fernald
1919. Platanus occidentalis var. glabrata
Eastern sycamore,
American sycamore,
American plane-tree,
Buttonball tree

Platane occidental,
Platane d'Amérique,
Platane d'Occident
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

WL: FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Tree
Platanus occidentalis N.Amer.Sylva.png
Platanus occidentalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Aiton) Willd.

Platanus occidentalis ×
Platanus orientalis

1789. Platanus orientalis var. acerifolia
1804. Platanus hybridus Brot.
1805. Platanus acerifolia (Aiton) Willd.
1919. Platanus acerifolia var. hispanica
 auct. P. hispanicanon Mill. ex Münchh.
London planetree,
Maple-leaved plane-tree,
London sycamore,
Hybrid of
 American sycamore &
 Oriental planetree

Platane à feuilles d'érable,
Hybride de
 platane occidental et de
 platane oriental
Introduced,
Excluded,
Cultivated only
Platanus acerifolia Victoria Park.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xx
USDA-XX]
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Order Buxales[edit]

The order Buxales...

Family Buxaceae[edit]

The Buxaceae (box family)

Subfamily Buxoideae[edit]

Genus Buxus[edit]
Buxales – fam. Buxaceae – subfam. Buxoideae – genus Buxus
Buxus Boxwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Buxus sempervirens L.
1785. Buxus myrtifolia Lam.
1947. Buxus colchica Pojark.
1947. Buxus hyrcana Pojark.
Common boxwood,
Common box
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
Buxus sempervirens foliage 1.jpg
Buxus sempervirens nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X

ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp

Subfamily Pachysandroideae[edit]

Tribe Pachysandreae[edit]
Genus Pachysandra[edit]

Japanese pachysandra is widely planted as a ground-cover and tends to persist, spreading vegetatively to adjacent wooded areas, where it can be difficult to remove. Allegheny pachysandra is planted as a "native" substitute, and is probably unlikely to naturalize as far north as New York State.[1]

Buxales – fam. Buxaceae – subfam. Pachysandroideae – tribe Pachysandreae – genus Pachysandra
Pachysandra Pachysandra N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Michx.

1803. Pachysandra procumbens
Michx.
Allegheny pachysandra,
Allegheny spurge
Introduced,
US South native,
No specimens[2]
Alleghany Pachysandra Pachysandra procumbens Leaf Cluster 4x3.jpg
Pachysandra procumbens nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N



NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Siebold & Zucc.

1845. Pachysandra terminalis
Siebold & Zucc.
Japanese pachysandra,
Japanese spurge
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
MIPC,
WW
Pachysandra terminalis0.jpg
Pachysandra terminalis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp
  1. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, 02/07/2012 considers reports of naturalized Pachysandra procumbens to have been based on planted specimens.
  2. Long Island Botanical Society Newsletter (18:2, Spring 2008) reported "two patches in the uplands of Oakland Lake [Queens]." and "…from North Hempstead Township in Nassau County."

Order Saxifragales[edit]

The order Saxifragales has about 15 families worldwide. Of these, ten are represented in New York.

Family Paeoniaceae[edit]

The Paeoniaceae (peony family)...

Genus Paeonia[edit]

Saxifragales – fam. Paeoniaceae – genus Paeonia
Paeonia Peony N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Pall.

1776. Paeonia lactiflora Pall.
1788. Paeonia albiflora Pall.
18??. Paeonia sinensis hort. ex Steud.
1870. Paeonia chinensis hort. ex E.Vilm.
Chinese peony Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Rarely spreads
Paeonia lactiflora 5817.jpg
Paeonia lactiflora nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp

Family Altingiaceae[edit]

The Altingiaceae (sweetgum family) contains only about fifteen species and its segregation from Hamamelidaceae has only recently been widely accepted. One of its three genera (Semiliquidambar) may comprise intergeneric hybrids of the other two (Altingia and Liquidambar), so revisions within this family may be forthcoming.

Genus Liquidambar[edit]

Liquidambar styraciflua is the only North American species of Liquidambar, or sweetgum. It is most common in the forests of the southeastern United States, but its native range appears to extend as far north as southeastern New York State. It is cultivated elsewhere in the state and seems to be able to naturalize in some upstate locations.

Saxifragales – fam. Altingiaceae – genus Liquidambar
Liquidambar Sweet gum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Liquidambar styraciflua L.
1796. Liquidambar gummifera Salisb.
1812. Liquidambar barbata Stokes
1863. Liquidambar macrophylla Oerst.
1863. L. styraciflua var. mexicana Oerst.
Sweetgum,
American sweetgum,
American sweet-gum,
Redgum,
American storax
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

WL:

Perennial,
Tree
NAS-062 Liquidambar styraciflua.png
Liquidambar styraciflua nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can-0
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Family Hamamelidaceae[edit]

The Hamamelidaceae...

Subfamily Hamamelidoideae[edit]

Tribe Hamamelideae[edit]
Genus Hamamelis[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Hamamelidaceae – subfam. Hamamelidoideae – tribe Hamamelideae – genus Hamamelis
Hamamelis Witchhazel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Hamamelis virginiana L.
1788. Hamamelis androgyna Walter
1788. Hamamelis dioica Walter
1814. Hamamelis macrophylla Pursh
1836. Trilopus virginica (L.) Raf.
American witch-hazel,
Common witch-hazel,
Witch-hazel

Café du diable,
Hamémelis de Virginie
Native,
Secure
Hamamelis virginiana SCA-04248.jpg
Hamamelis virginiana nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Sarg.

1908. Hamamelis vernalis Sarg.
1932. H. vernalis var. tomentella
2007. H. virginiana ssp. vernalis
Ozark witchhazel,
Ozark witch-hazel,
Vernal witch-hazel
Introduced from
 southern US,
N. America native,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized

Perennial,
Shrub, tree
Hamamelis vernalis1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW-0Can-0
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Tribe Corylopsideae[edit]
Genus Corylopsis[edit]

There are a number of species of winterhazel (Corylopsis) that are hardy in New York and planted as early-blooming shrubs. None of them have been reported to naturalize in the state.

Saxifragales – fam. Hamamelidaceae – subfam. Hamamelidoideae – tribe Corylopsideae – genus Corylopsis
Corylopsis Winter hazel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0

    
    
    
Spike winterhazel Introduced from
 Asia,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized
Leaves, Spike Winter Hazel - Flickr - nekonomania.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0






Images, wsp

    
    
    
Fragrant winterhazel Introduced from
 Asia,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized
Corylopsis glabrescens 'Longwood Chimes' - Longwood Gardens - DSC00728.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0






Images, wsp

    
    
    
Butteercup winterhazel Introduced from
 Asia,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized
Corylopsis Pauciflora C.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0






Images, wsp
 Hemsl.

1906. Corylopsis sinensis Hemsl.
    
    
Chinese winterhazel Introduced from
 Asia,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized
Corylopsis sinensis a2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-00

ARS 




Images, wsp
Tribe Fothergilleae[edit]
Genus Fothergilla[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Hamamelidaceae – subfam. Hamamelidoideae – tribe Fothergilleae – genus Fothergilla
Fothergilla Witch-alder N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
 L.

1774. Fothergilla gardenii L.
1782. Fothergilla alnifolia L.f.
1894. Fothergilla carolina Britton
1903. Fothergilla parvifolia Kearney
Dwarf witchalder Introduced,
US South native,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Shrub
Fothergilla gardenii 'Mount Airy'.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 (Sims) Lodd.

1810. Fothergilla alnifolia var. major Sims
1829. Fothergilla major (Sims) Lodd.
1897. Fothergilla monticola Ashe
Witch-alder,
Mountain witchalder
Introduced,
US South native,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Shrub
Fothergilla major4.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Family Cercidiphyllaceae[edit]

The Cercidiphyllaceae contains only the Asian genus Cercidiphyllum.

Genus Cercidiphyllum[edit]

Cercidiphyllum contains the two Asian species, C. japonicum and C. magnificum, the first of which, the katsura-tree has been reported outside of cultivation in Kings, Nassau and Queens Counties.

Saxifragales – fam. Cercidiphyllaceae – genus Cercidiphyllum
Cercidiphyllum Katsura N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Siebold & Zucc. ex J.J.Hoffm. & J.H.Schult. bis

1846. Cercidiphyllum japonicum Siebold & Zucc.
1864. C. japonicum J.J.Hoffm. & J.H.Schult. bis
1913. C. japonicum
var. sinense Rehder & E.H.Wilson
Katsura-tree,
Toffee-apple tree
Introduced from
 Japan, China
Cercidiphyllum japonicum JPG01b.jpg
Cercidiphyllum japonicum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Family Crassulaceae[edit]

The Crassulaceae (orpine family)...

Subfamily Crassuloideae[edit]

Genus Crassula[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Crassulaceae – subfam. Crassuloideae – genus Crassula
Crassula Pygmyweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Schoenl.

1753. Tillaea aquatica L.
1801. Bulliarda aquatica (L.) DC.
1840. Tillaea angustifolia Nutt.
1890. Crassula aquatica (L.) Schoenl.
1903. Tillaeastrum aquaticum (L.) Britton
1920. Hydrophila aquatica (L.) House
Water pigmy-weed,
River-leek,
Pigmy-weed
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1],
NYNHP: 1[2]
Crassula aquatica.jpg
Crassula aquatica nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Sempervivoideae[edit]

Tribe Umbiliceae[edit]
Genus Rhodiola[edit]

In New York, Rhodiola consists of two taxa of endangered plants.

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. leedyi is an isolated subspecies of a common western cliff-stonecrop species (transferred from Sedum integrifolium in 1999). It has been found mainly on northwest-to-northeast-facing cliffs in southeastern Minnesota and near the southern part of Seneca Lake. It was discovered at Watkins Glen State Park in Schuyler County in 1918. The largest known population (at least 6000 plants) was discovered that same year, along about 2 miles of Glenora Cliff, on the western shore of Seneca Lake, in Yates County. It wasn't until 1994 that a third New York population was found near Glenora Falls, also in Yates County. [2], [3]

Saxifragales – fam. Crassulaceae – subfam. Sempervivoideae – tribe Umbiliceae – genus Rhodiola
Rhodiola Stonecrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Raf.
ssp. leedyi
(Rosend. & J.W.Moore) H.Ohba

1947. Sedum rosea var. leedyi Rosend. &al.
1975. Sedum integrifolium ssp. leedyi
R.T.Clausen
1985. Tolmachevia integrifolia ssp. leedyi
Á.Löve & D.Löve
1999. R. integrifolia ssp. leedyi H.Ohba
Leedy's roseroot,
Leedy's stonecrop,
Rose sedum
Native,
Endangered,
Federally listed[1],
DEC-A[2],
NYNHP: 1[3]
Rhodiola integrifolia (3764972368).jpg
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp leedyi NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Rhodiola rosea L.
1771. Sedum rosea (L.) Scop.
1903. Sedum roanense Britton
1903. Rhodiola roanensis Britton
1930. Sedum rosea var. roanense
1973. Rhodiola rosea ssp. roanensis
Roseroot Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2],
NYNHP: 1[4]
Rhodiola rosea 01.jpg
Rhodiola rosea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus Hylotelephium[edit]

The NYFA now lists Hylotelephium telephioides as not-native to New York, but the DEC (and NYFA) still list it as endangered in New York.

Saxifragales – fam. Crassulaceae – subfam. Sempervivoideae – tribe Umbiliceae – genus Hylotelephium
Hylotelephium Stonecrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(Michx.) H.Ohba

Allegheny stonecrop,
Live-forever
Introduced,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[1]
Garden in the Woods - IMG 2487.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NX



BNA


Images, wsp
(Miq.) H.Ohba

Garden stonecrop Introduced
Hylotelephium spectabile in Jeondeungsa.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
(Boreau) H.Ohba

Showy stonecrop Introduced
Sedum spectabilum a1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 (L.) H.Ohba.
ssp. telephium

1753. Sedum telephium L.
1821. Sedum triphyllum (Haw.) Gray
1843. Sedum purpurascens W.D.J.Koch
1878. Sedum telephium var. borderi
1909. Sedum telephium ssp. purpurascens
1961. Sedum telephium var. purpurascens (i)
1977. Hylotelephium telephium (L.) H.Ohba.
Garden stonecrop,
Witch's moneybags,
Purple orpine,
Sedum,
Live-forever

Vit-toujours
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Sedum fabaria a5.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Genus Phedimus[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Crassulaceae – subfam. Sempervivoideae – tribe Umbiliceae – genus Phedimus
Phedimus Phedimus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (M.Bieb.) 't Hart

1808. Sedum spurium M.Bieb.
1815. Sedum oppositifolium Sims
1984. Asterosedum spurium Grulich
1985. Spathulata spuria Á.Löve & D.Löve
1995. Phedimus spurius 't Hart
Caucasian stonecrop,
Two-rowed stonecrop
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Sedum spurium a1.jpg
Phedimus spurius NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Tribe Semperviveae[edit]
Genus Sempervivum[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Crassulaceae – subfam. Sempervivoideae – tribe Semperviveae – genus Sempervivum
Sempervivum Houseleek N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Sempervivum tectorum L.
Common houseleek,
Hen-and-chickens,
Hen-and-chicks

Joubarbe des toits
Introduced,
Excluded

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sempervivum tectorum (1) 1 (ex Pyrenees).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xx
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
Tribe Sedeae[edit]
Genus Sedum[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Crassulaceae – subfam. Sempervivoideae – tribe Sedeae – genus Sedum
Sedum Stonecrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Michx.

Clausenellia ternata
Wood stonecrop,
Woodland stonecrop
Introduced,
US South native
Sedum ternatum BB-1913.png
Sedum ternatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW 


NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

Gold-moss,
Goldmoss stonecrop
Introduced
Sedum acre1.jpg
Sedum acre NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

White stonecrop Introduced
Sedum album 5.JPG
Sedum album NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Spanish stonecrop Introduced
Sedum hispanicum 1.jpg
Sedum hispanicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

Orange stonecrop Introduced
Phedimus kamtschaticus - Botanischer Garten, Frankfurt am Main - DSC02410.jpg
Sedum kamtschaticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

Petrosedum reflexum (L.) GrulichSedum reflexum L.
Jenny's stonecrop,
Reflexed stonecrop
Introduced
Sedum refexum 1.JPG
Sedum rupestre NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 Bunge

Stringy stonecrop Introduced
Sedum sarmentosum 01.JPG
Sedum sarmentosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 Chaix

Sedum anopetalum DC.
European stonecrop Introduced,
No specimens
Sedum ochroleucum.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Family Haloragaceae[edit]

The Haloragaceae (watermilfoil family)...

Tribe Myriophylleae[edit]

Genus Proserpinaca[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Haloragaceae – tribe Myriophylleae – genus Proserpinaca
Proserpinaca Mermaidweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
var. crebra

Marsh mermaidweed Native,
Likely secure
Proserpinaca palustris 003.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.
var. palustris

Marsh mermaidweed Native,
Especially vulnerable
Proserpinaca palustris 005.jpg
NYFA-1?
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Lam.

Comb-leaved mermaid-weed Native,
Threatened
Proserpinaca pectinata.jpeg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus Myriophyllum[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Haloragaceae – tribe Myriophylleae – genus Myriophyllum
Myriophyllum Water-milfoil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
Michx.

1803. Myriophyllum heterophyllum
Michx.
Broad-leaved water-milfoil,
Variable-leaf water-milfoil,
Two-leaf water-milfoil
Native,
Secure
Myriophyllum heterophyllum NRCS-2.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
(Raf.) Morong

Low water-milfoil Native,
Secure
Myriophyllum humile BB-1913.png
Myriophyllum humile NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Kom.

1914. Myriophyllum sibiricum Kom.
Northern water-milfoil,
Shortspike watermilfoil
Native,
Secure
UC1755383 Myriophyllum sibiricum (5547563873).jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Bigel.

Slender water-milfoil Native,
Likely secure
Myriophyllum tenellum BB-1913.png
NYFA-4






Images, wsp
L.

Whorled water-milfoil Native,
Likely secure
Myriophyllum verticillatum turion.jpeg
NYFA-4






Images, wsp
DC.

Alternateflower watermilfoil,
Alternate-flowered water-milfoil
Native,
Threatened
Myriophyllum alterniflorum BB-1913.png
Myriophyllum alterniflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Morong

Farwell's water-milfoil Native,
Threatened
Myriophyllum farwellii BB-1913.png
Myriophyllum farwellii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2






Images, wsp
(Walter) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

Cutleaf watermilfoil,
Cut-leaved water-milfoil,
Green parrotfeather
Native,
Endangered
Myriophyllum pinnatum BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
(Vell.) Verdc.

Parrot-feather,
Parrot feather watermilfoil
Introduced,
Invasive
Starr 070515-7059 Myriophyllum aquaticum.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Eurasian water-milfoil,
Spike watermilfoil
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NE-1[1]
Myriophyllum spicatum.jpeg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Penthoraceae[edit]

The Penthoraceae Rydb. ex Britton, nom. cons.[1]

Genus Penthorum[edit]

Saxifragales – fam. Penthoraceae – genus Penthorum
Penthorum Penthorum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Ditch-stonecrop,
Virginia stonecrop,
Virginia penthorum

Penthorum faux-orpin
Native,
Secure
Penthorum sedoides 002.JPG
Penthorum sedoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. Flora of North America, Vol. 8 Page 44, 148, 230: Penthoraceae Rydberg ex Britton "Cronquist (1981) considered it to be transitional between Crassulaceae and Saxifragaceae. … Molecular studies suggest that the genus is sister to Haloragaceae. … Recent authors often have placed it in the monogeneric Penthoraceae."

Family Grossulariaceae[edit]

The Grossulariaceae (gooseberry family)...

Genus Ribes[edit]

Ribes can be grouped into the currants, which are generally thornless with small berries, and the gooseberries, which generally have thorns and larger berries.

Ribes subg. Ribes[edit]

Subgenus Ribes contains the currants.

Saxifragales – fam. Grossulariaceae – genus Ribessubg. Ribes
Ribessubg. Ribes Currant N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Mill.

1768. Ribes americanum Mill.
    1915 Coreosma americana
(Mill.) Nieuwl.
American black currant,
Wild black currant,
Blank currant

Groseillier d'Amérique,
Gadellier d’Amérique
Native,
Secure
Ribes americanum 1.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Grauer

1784. Ribes glandulosum Grauer
1785. Ribes prostratum L'Hér.
1813. Ribes resinosum Pursh
Skunk currant,
Wild currant

Gadellier glanduleux
Native,
Secure
Ribes glandulosum NRCS-2.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Pall.

1797. Ribes triste Pall.
1856. Ribes rubrum var. propinquum
1907. Ribes triste var. albinervium
1966. Ribes rubrum var. alaskanum
Red currant,
Swamp red currant,
Wild red currant

Gadellier amer
Native,
Secure
Ribes triste 7 (5097500891).jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Pursh
var. villosum DC.

1825. Ribes odoratum H.L.Wendl.
1828. Ribes aureum var. villosum DC.
Buffalo currant,
Clove currant,
Golden currant,
Missouri currant

Groseillier doré
Introduced,
N. America native
Ribesaureum3pl.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Ribes nigrum L.
1929. Ribes cyathiforme Pojark.
Black currant,
European black currant,
Garden black currant

Gadellier noir,
Groseillier noir,
Cassis, Cassissier
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Cassis à Grez-Doiceau 002.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Ribes rubrum L.
1789. Ribes vulgare Lam.
1826. Ribes sylvestre Mert. & W.D.J.Koch
1865. Ribes sativum (Rchb.) Syme
Northern red currant,
Red garden currant,
Cultivated currant

Groseillier rouge
Introduced,
Europe native
Ribes rubrum fruit Luc Viatour.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Ribes subg. Grossularia[edit]

Subgenus Grossularia contains the gooseberries.

Saxifragales – fam. Grossulariaceae – genus Ribessubg. Grossularia
Ribessubg. Grossularia Gooseberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L. 1753

1768. Grossularia cynosbati (L.) Mill.
1901. Ribes huronense Rydb.
Prickly gooseberry,
Eastern prickly gooseberry,
American gooseberry,
Dogbramble,
Pasture gooseberry

Groseillier des chiens
Native,
Secure
Ribes cynosbati (Flower).jpg
Ribes cynosbati NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Michx. 1803

1838. Grossularia hirtella (Michx.) Spach
Smooth gooseberry,
Wild gooseberry,
Hairystem gooseberry,
Wedge-leaf gooseberry

Groseillier hérissé
Native,
Secure
Ribes hirtellum 3.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Michx. 1803

1908. Grossularia rotundifolia Coville & Britton
Appalachian gooseberry,
Wild gooseberry
Native,
Secure
Ribes rotundifolium 233-008.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.
var. sativum DC.

1753. Ribes grossularia L.
1753. Ribes reclinatum L.
1768. Grossularia reclinata (L.) Mill.
    Ribes uva-crispa ssp. sativum DC.
1830. Ribes uva-crispa ssp. reclinatum Rchb.
European gooseberry,
English gooseberry

Groseillier épineux,
Groseillier deshaies,
Groseillier vert
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
N. Africa native
Kruisbessen.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Ribes subg. Grossularioides[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Grossulariaceae – genus Ribessubg. Grossularioides
Ribessubg. Grossularioides Currant / Gooseberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 (Pers.) Poir. 1812

1805. Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre Pers.1876. Ribes lacustre var. parvulum A.Gray1917. Limnobotrya lacustris (Pers.) Rydb.
Bristly black currant,
Bristly black gooseberry,
Prickly currant,
Swamp gooseberry

Gadellier lacustre
Native,
Likely secure
Ribes lacustre 10504.JPG
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Genus Itea[edit]

Saxifragales – fam. Grossulariaceae – genus Itea
Itea sweetspire N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
 L.

1753. Itea virginica L.
Virginia sweetspire,
Tassel-white,
Virginia-tea,
Virginia-willow
Introduced from
 US South,
Cultivated

Perennial,
Shrub
Itea virginica C.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Family Saxifragaceae[edit]

The Saxifragaceae (family)...

Subfamily Saxifragoideae[edit]

Tribe Saxifrageae[edit]
Genus Micranthes[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Saxifragaceae – subfam. Saxifragoideae – tribe Saxifrageae – genus Micranthes
Micranthes Saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Michx.) Small

1803. Saxifraga virginiensis Michx.
1847. S. virginiensis var. virginiensis
1903. Micranthes virginiensis Small
1982. Spatularia virginiensis Á.& D.Löve
Virginia saxifrage,
Early saxifrage

Saxifrage de Virginie
Native,
Secure

WL: FACU-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Saxifraga virginiensis full plant.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L. (Haw.)

1753. Saxifraga pensylvanica L.
1821. Micranthes pensylvanica (L.) Haw.
1870. Saxifraga forbesii Vasey
1923. Saxifraga purpuripetala A.M.Johnson
1925. Micranthes pensylvanica
fo. purpuripetala (A.M.Johnson) House
1928. Micranthes pensylvanica
var. purpuripetala (A.M.Johnson) Bush
Eastern swamp saxifrage,
Swamp saxifrage,
Marsh saxifrage,
Pennsylvania saxifrage

Saxifrage de Pennsylvanie
Native,
Likely secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Saxifraga pensylvanica 2-eheep (5097404445).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Genus Saxifraga[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Saxifragaceae – subfam. Saxifragoideae – tribe Saxifrageae – genus Saxifraga
Saxifraga Saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Saxifraga aizoides L.
1821. Leptasea aizoides (L.) Haw.
1836. Evaiezoa aizoides (L.) Raf.
1898. Saxifraga vanbruntiae Small
1905. Leptasea vanbruntiae Small
Yellow mountain saxifrage,
Evergreen saxifrage,
Golden saxifrage

Saxifrage jaune,
Saxifrage faux-aïzoon,
Saxifrage jaune des montagnes
Native,
Threatened
5173 - Near Eigergletscher Station - Flower.JPG
Saxifraga aizoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 



Images, wsp
ssp. oppositifolia

Purple mountain saxifrage Native,
Endangered
Saxifraga oppositifolia 001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN


FNA 



Images, wsp
 Mill.
ssp. paniculata

1768. Saxifraga paniculata Mill.
1778. Saxifraga aizoon Jacq.
1944. Saxifraga aizoon var. neogaea
1968. Saxifraga paniculata ssp. neogaea
1982. Chondrosea paniculata (Mill.) Á.Löve
White mountain saxifrage Native,
Endangered
Saxifraga paniculata a2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN


FNA 



Images, wsp

Subfamily Heucheroideae[edit]

Tribe Chrysosplenieae[edit]
Genus Chrysosplenium[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Saxifragaceae – subfam. Heucheroideae – tribe Chrysosplenieae – genus Chrysosplenium
Chrysosplenium Golden saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

American golden saxifrage Native,
Likely secure
Chrysosplenium americanum.jpg
Chrysosplenium americanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Tribe Heuchereae[edit]
Genus Tiarella[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Saxifragaceae – subfam. Heucheroideae – tribe Heuchereae – genus Tiarella
Tiarella Foamflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Tiarella cordifolia L.
1903. Tiarella macrophylla Small
1937. Tiarella wherryi Lakela
1937. T. cordifolia var. austrina Lakela
1940. T. cordifolia ssp. collina Wherry
Heartleaf foamflower,
Heart-leaved foam-flower,
False mitrewort,
Coolwort

Tiarelle cordifoliée,
Tiarelle à feuilles cordées,
Tiarelle feuille-en-coeur,
Tiarelle
Native,
Secure
Tiarella cordifolia2.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Genus Mitella[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Saxifragaceae – subfam. Heucheroideae – tribe Heuchereae – genus Mitella
Mitella Miterwort,
bishop's cap
N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3

Two-leaved bishop's-cap,
Two-leaved miterwort,
Coolwort
Native,
Secure
Mitella diphylla Twoleaf miterwort.jpg
Mitella diphylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

Mitella prostrata Michx.
Naked bishop's-cap,
Naked miterwort,
Creeping bishop's cap
Native,
Likely secure
Mitella nuda 3 (5097928740).jpg
Mitella nuda NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Mitella diphylla ×
Mitella nuda

Miterwort,
Bishop's-cap
Native,
Especially vulnerable
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Genus Heuchera[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Saxifragaceae – subfam. Heucheroideae – tribe Heuchereae – genus Heuchera
Heuchera Alumroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
var. americana

American alumroot

Heuchère d'Amérique
Native,
Vulnerable
Vínlandsroði.jpg
Heuchera americana var americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
var. villosa

Hairy alumroot Introduced,
N. America native
Hairy Alumroot Heuchera villosa Purple Form Plant 2400px.JPG
Heuchera villosa var villosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Genus Astilbe[edit]
Saxifragales – fam. Saxifragaceae – subfam. Heucheroideae – tribe Heuchereae – genus Astilbe
Astilbe False-goat's-beard N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(C.Morren & Decne.) A.Gray

Florist's-spiraea Introduced

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Astilbe sp2.jpg
Astilbe japonica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS




Images, wsp