Flora of New York/Ranunculales

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Commelinales, Zingiberales, Ceratophyllales
Flora of New York — Ranunculales : Lardizabalaceae,
Menispermaceae, Berberidaceae, Ranunculaceae, Papaveraceae

Proteales… Saxifragales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Ranunculales has about 93 taxa found outside of cultivation in New York. Ranunculales families include:

Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Common names T
Ranunculales Lardizabalaceae Lardizabaloideae Akebieae Akebia chocolate vine. fiveleaf akebia 1
Menispermaceae Menispermoideae Menispermeae Menispermum moonseed, Canada moonseed 1
Berberidaceae Podophylloideae Leonticeae Caulophyllum blue cohosh, squaw-root, papoose-root 2
Podophylleae Podophyllum mayapple, wild mandrake 1
Jeffersonia twinleaf, rheumatism-root 1
Berberidoideae Berberideae Berberis barberry 3
Mahonia Oregon grape 1
Ranunculaceae Hydrastoideae Hydrastideae Hydrastis golden-seal, yellow puccoon 1
Coptidoieae Coptideae Coptis goldthread, three-leaved goldthread 1
Xanthorhizeae Xanthorhiza yellowroot 1
Thalictroideae Aquilegieae Aquilegia columbine, wild columbine 2
Enemion false rue anemone 1
Thalictreae Thalictrum meadow rue 7
Ranunculoideae Actaeeae Actaea baneberry 5
Eranthis winter aconite 1
Caltheae Caltha marsh marigold 1
Trollius globeflower 1
Adonis pheasant's eye 2
Delphinieae Aconitum monkshood 3
Delphinium lark-spur 1
Consolida knight's-spur, lark-spur 2
Nigelleae Nigella love-in-a-mist, devil-in-the-bush 1
Helleboreae Helleborus hellebore, Christmas-rose 2
Anemoneae Anemone hepatica, thimbleweed 9
Clematis leather flower, virgin's-bower 6
Ranunculeae Halerpestes seaside crowfoot 1
Ceratocephala curvseed butterwort 1
Ficaria celadine 1
Ranunculus buttercup, crowfoot, spearwort 23
Papaveraceae Papaveroideae Papavereae Argemone pricklypoppy 2
Papaver poppy 6
Chelidonieae Sanguinaria bloodroot, red puccuoon 1
Chelidonium greater celandine 1
Macleaya plume poppy 1
Glaucium hornpoppy 2
Stylophorum celandine-poppy 1
Eschscholtzieae Eschscholzia California poppy 1
Fumarioideae Fumarieae Dicentra bleeding-heart, Dutchman's breeches 3
Lamprocapnos Asian bleeding-heart 1
Adlumia climbing fumitory 1
Capnoides harlequin, pink corydalis 1
Corydalis fumewort, corydalis 3
Fumaria fumitory 1
Pseudofumaria rock fumitory, yellow corydalis 1

Family Lardizabalaceae[edit]

The Lardizabalaceae (lardizabala family)...

Subfamily Lardizabaloideae[edit]

Tribe Akebieae[edit]

Genus Akebia[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Lardizabalaceae – subfam. Lardizabaloideae – tribe Akebieae – genus Akebia
Akebia Chocolate-vine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Houtt.) Dcne.

1779. Rajania quinata Houtt.
1839. Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Dcne.
Fiveleaf akebia,
Chocolate vine
Introduced from
 Asia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 52%[1],
CP-4[2]
Akebia quinata01.jpg
Akebia quinata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
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Images, wsp

Family Menispermaceae[edit]

The Menispermaceae (moonseed family)...

Subfamily Menispermoideae[edit]

Tribe Menispermeae[edit]

Genus Menispermum[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Menispermaceae – subfam. Menispermoideae – tribe Menispermeae – genus Menispermum
Menispermum Moonseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Menispermum canadense L.
Canada moonseed,
Common moonseed,
Yellow Parilla,
Carolina moonseed

Ménisperme du Canada,
Raison de couleuvre
Native,
Secure
Menispermum canadense, Saint-Hilaire-1.png
Menispermum canadense nymap.svg
NYFA-5
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Family Berberidaceae[edit]

The Berberidaceae (barberry family) contains several herbaceous genera that are associated with their native woodland wildflowers, including Caulophyllum (blue cohosh), Podophyllum (mayapple), and Jeffersonia (twinleaf). But the family also contains the non-native ornamental shrubs (some highly invasive) known as barberry in the Berberis and closely-related Manonia genera.

Subfamily Podophylloideae[edit]

Tribe Leonticeae[edit]

Genus Caulophyllum[edit]

Although Caulophyllum contains the two blue cohosh species found in New York, it does not include black cohosh, which is not only in a separate genus (Actaea), but also in a different family (Ranunculaceae, below). Blue cohosh leaves have a similarity to Thalictrum (meadow rue) leaves, accounting for the specific epithet thalictroides.

Ranunculales – fam. Berberidaceae – subfam. Podophylloideae – tribe Leonticeae – genus Caulophyllum
Caulophyllum Blue cohosh N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 {L.) Michx.

1753. Leontice thalictroides L.
1803. Caulophyllum thalictroides Michx.
Blue cohosh,
Squaw-root,
Papoose-root

Caulophylle faux-pigamon
Native,
Secure
Blue Cohosh.jpg
Caulophyllum thalictroides nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


FNA 



Images, wsp
(Farw.) Loconte & W.H.Blackw.

1918. Caulophyllum thalictroides
var. giganteum Farw.
1981. Caulophyllum giganteum
Loconte & W.H.Blackw.
Blue cohosh,
Giant blue cohosh,
Early blue cohosh
Native,
Vulnerable
Caulophyllum giganteum.jpg
Caulophyllum giganteum nymap.svg
NYFA-3-5
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Images, wsp

Tribe Podophylleae[edit]

Genus Podophyllum[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Berberidaceae – subfam. Podophylloideae – tribe Podophylleae – genus Podophyllum
Podophyllum Mayapple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Podophyllum peltatum L.
May-apple,
Indian-apple,
Wild-mandrake

Pomme de mai
Native,
Secure
PoisonousMayApple099.jpg
Podophyllum peltatum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 



Images, wsp
Genus Jeffersonia[edit]

Although twinleaf is listed as threatened in New York, its populations have probably remained fairly stable. Because its native habitat includes ravines, its scarcity is more a matter of New York being at the northern edge of its natural range than it is of recent habitat loss. However, invasion of it habitat by exotic plants like garlic mustard is currently a concern.[1]

Ranunculales – fam. Berberidaceae – subfam. Podophylloideae – tribe Podophylleae – genus Jeffersonia
Jeffersonia Twinleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Pers.

1753. Podophyllum diphyllum L.
1805. Jeffersonia diphylla (L.) Pers.
Twinleaf,
Twin-leaf,
Rheumatism-root
Native, CoC: 7,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]
Jeffersonia diphylla 2008.jpg
Jeffersonia diphylla nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N

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FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp

Subfamily Berberidoideae[edit]

Tribe Berberideae[edit]

Genus Berberis[edit]

Although there are a few North American native barberry species, none are known to have naturalized in New York State. The closest reported occurrence is of Berberis canadensis (American barberry) in Huntington County in south-central Pennsylvania. However the two Eurasian barberries, Berberis thunbergii and Berberis vulgaris are quite common and considered to be invasive in New York. If fact, the sale of Japanese barberry (B. thunbergii) is now prohibited in the state.

Berberis.[1]

Ranunculales – fam. Berberidaceae – subfam. Berberidoideae – genus Berberis
Berberis Barberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 DC.

1821. Berberis thunbergii DC.
1926. B. thunbergii var. atropurpurea
Japanese barberry

Épine-vinette du Japon
Introduced from
 Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 91%[1],
Prohibited[2],
CP-2[3] NE-1[4]
Berberis thunbergii.jpg
Berberis thunbergii nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 L.

1753. Berberis vulgaris L.
1845. Berberis vulgaris var. purpurea
1860. Berberis vulgaris fo. atropurpurea
1869. Berberis jacquinii hort. ex K.Koch
1869. Berberis sanguinea hort. ex K.Koch
Common barberry,
European barberry,
Jaundice-berry

Épine-vinette commune,
Épine-vinette,
Berbéris vulgaire,
Berbéride vulgaire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 69%[5],
CP-3[6] NE-2[7]
Berberis vulgaris5934.jpg
Berberis vulgaris nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Images, wsp
 C.K.Schneid.

Berberis thunbergii ×
Berberis vulgaris

1927. Berberis × ottawensis C.K.Schneid.
Hybrid barberry,
Ottawa barberry
Introduced,
No specimens,
Present in New Eng.
Berberis-Ottawensis-Superba-02.jpg
Berberis × ottawensis nymap.svg
NYFA-D
USDA-XX
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Images, wsp
 C.K.Schneid.

1913. Berberis julianae C.K.Schneid.
Juliana's berberis,
Wintergreen barberry,
Chinese barberry
Introduced from
 China,
Single population
Berberis julianae.jpg
Berberis julianae nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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 Palibin.

1899. Berberis koreana Palibin.
Korea barberry Introduced from
 Asia,
No specimens,
Present in Vermont
Berberis koreana a2.jpg
Nymap.svg

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Images, wsp
 Mill.

1768. Berberis canadensis Mill.
1869. Berberis fischeri hort. ex K.Koch*
1894. Berberis angulizans hort. ex Massias
American barberry,
Allegheny barberry
N. America native
Berberis canadiensis RB.jpg
Nymap.svg

USDA-N0


FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentBerberis thunbergii: Very highly invasive (91%).
  2. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Proposed Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  3. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  4. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  5. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentBerberis vulgaris: 69 (all).
  6. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  7. Category 2 Plants - moderately invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Barberry differentiation
Barberry species Leaf margin Spines Flowers
Berberis thunbergii, Japanese barberry Entire (smooth) 1 Sessile umbel
Berberis vulgaris, European barberry Serrate (toothed) 3 Raceme
Berberis × ottawensis, Ottawa barberry Entire (smooth) 1 to 3 Subumbellate-raceme
Genus Mahonia[edit]

Berberis and Mahonia are closely related and often both are included in Berberis.

Ranunculales – fam. Berberidaceae – subfam. Berberidoideae – genus Mahonia
Mahonia Barberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Pursh) Nutt.

1813. Berberis aquifolium Pursh
1818. Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt.
1906. Odostemon aquifolium (Pursh) Rydb.
1931. Mahonia diversifolia Sweet
1934. Mahonia piperiana Abrams
1939. Berberis piperiana McMinn
1940. Berberis diversifolia Steud.
Oregon grape,
Piper's Oregon-grape,
Oregon holly-grape,
Tall mahonia,
Hollyleaved barberry

Mahonia à
  feuilles de houx,
Mahonia faux-houx,
Faux-houx,
Mahonia
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native
Mahonia aquifolium 005.JPG
Mahonia aquifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn?
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

LBJ
CABI 
Images, wsp
Note: CA

Family Ranunculaceae[edit]

The Ranunculaceae...

Subfamily Hydrastoideae[edit]

Tribe Hydrastideae[edit]

Genus Hydrastis[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Hydrastoideae – tribe Hydrastideae – genus Hydrastis
Hydrastis Goldenseal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Goldenseal,
Golden-seal,
Orange-root,
Yellow-puccoon

Hydraste du Canada,
Sceau d'or
Native, CoC: 9,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Hydrastis canadensis berries.jpg
Hydrastis canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can


BNA


Images, wsp
Note: FLNPS

Subfamily Coptidoideae[edit]

Tribe Coptideae[edit]

Genus Coptis[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Coptidoideae – tribe Coptideae
Coptis Goldthread N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Salisb.

1753. Helleborus trifolius L.
1771. Anemone groenlandica Oeder
1807. Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb.
1929. Coptis groenlandica (Oeder) Fernald
1937. Coptis trifolia
ssp. groenlandica (Oeder) Hultén
1947. Coptis trifolia
var. groenlandica (Oeder) Fassett
Goldthread,
Goldenroot,
Yellow snakeroot,
American goldthread,
Canker-root

Savoyane,
Coptide du Groenland,
Coptide savoyane,
Sabouillane
Native,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb01.jpg
Coptis trifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
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Images, wsp

Tribe Xanthorhizeae[edit]

Genus Xanthorhiza[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Coptidoideae – tribe Xanthorhizeae
Xanthorhiza Yellowroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Marshall

1785. X. simplicissima Marshall
    X. apiifolia L'Héritier
Yellowroot,
Brook-feather,
Shrub yellowroot
Introduced,
N. America native
Yellowroot- Xanthorhiza simplicissima.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0



NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Subfamily Thalictroideae[edit]

Tribe Aquilegieae[edit]

Genus Aquilegia[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Thalictroideae – tribe Aquilegieae – genus Aquilegia
Aquilegia Columbine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Aquilegia canadensis L.
    
    
Canadian columbine,
Red columbine,
Wild columbine

Ancolie du Canada
Native,
Secure
Wild columbine flower (Ripple Rock) 2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
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Images, wsp

European columbine Introduced
Akelei004.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X






Images, wsp
Genus Enemion[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Thalictroideae – tribe Aquilegieae – genus Enemion
Enemion False-rue-anemone N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Raf.
Eastern false rue anemone,
False rue-anemone
Native,
Likely extirpated
False Rue Anemone.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Tribe Thalictreae[edit]

Genus Thalictrum[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Thalictroideae – tribe Thalictreae
Thalictrumsect. Anemonella Meadow-rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
(L.) A.J.Eames & B.Boivin

1753. Anemone thalictroides L.
1803. Thalictrum anemonoides Michx.
1805. Thalictrum anemoides Maxim. **
1832. Syndesmon thalictroides
Hoffmanns.
1839. Anemonella thalictroides Spach
1957. Thalictrum thalictroides
Rue anemone,
Windflower

Pigamon à ombelles
Native,
Secure
Anemonella thalictroides.jpg
Thalictrum thalictroides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
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Images, wsp
Thalictrumsect. Heterogamia Meadow-rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.

1753. Thalictrum dioicum L.
1803. Thalictrum laevigatum Michx.
1832. Thalictrum pauciflorum Raf.
1885. Thalictrum pulchellum Pursh **
1914. Leucocoma dioica (L.) Nieuwl.
Early meadow-rue,
Quicksilver-weed

Pigamon dioïque
Native,
Secure
Thalictrum dioicum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
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Images, wsp
 Trelease
var. confine (Fernald) Boivin

    Thalictrum confine Fernald
[1]
    Thalictrum turneri B.Boivin
Early meadow-rue,
Veined meadow-rue,
Veiny meadow-rue
Native,
Endangered
Thalictrum venulosum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Thalictrumsect. Leucocoma Meadow-rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 Pursh

    T. carolinianum var. subpubescens
    T. perelegans
    T. polygamum Muhl. ex Spreng.
King of the meadow,
Late meadow-rue,
Tall meadow-rue,
Meadow-weed,
Muskrat-weed

Pigamon pubescent
Native,
Secure
Thalictrum pubescens 4661.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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Images, wsp
 DC.

    T. amphibolum Greene
    T. hepaticum Greene
    T. moseleyi Greene
Purple meadow-rue,
Skunk meadow-rue,
Wax-leaved meadow-rue,
Waxyleaf meadow-rue
Native,
Secure
Thalictrum revolutum BB-1913.png
Thalictrum revolutum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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Images, wsp
Fisch. & Avé-Lall.

    T. dasycarpum var. hypoglaucum
    T. hypoglaucum Rydb.
Purple meadow-rue Introduced,
N. America native
Thalictrum dasycarpum.jpg
Thalictrum dasycarpum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN


FNA 



Images, wsp
Thalictrumsect. ? Meadow-rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.

Columbine meadow-rue,
French meadow-rue,
Greater meadow-rue
Introduced,
Rare,
Eurasia native
Thalictrum aquilegifolium 06.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW-0
ITIS




Images, wsp

Subfamily Ranunculoideae[edit]

The Ranunculoideae...

Tribe Actaeeae[edit]

Genus Actaea[edit]
Here the genus Cimicifuga (bugbane) is included as a section of Actaea (baneberry) as per Compton (1998).[1]
Actaea sect. Actaea[edit]
Berry-color alone can't be used to distinguish red and white baneberry from each other. Even at maturity, red baneberry (Actaea rubra) plants frequently have white fruit (sometimes differentiated as forma neglecta). Red or pink berries on white baneberry, Actaea pachypoda (fo. rubrocarpa), are less common and may indicate that the plant is a hybrid (Actaea ×ludovici) of the two species.

A better way to distinguish red and white baneberry is to observe the color and width of the fruit pedicels. Red baneberry has brown or greenish pedicels that are thinner than the axis of their raceme. White baneberry has bright red and much thicker pedicels that are about the same diameter as the raceme axis.[1]

Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Actaeeae – genus Actaeasect. Actaea
ActaeaL.sect. Actaea Baneberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Aiton) Willd.

1789. Actaea spicata var. rubra Aiton
1809. Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willd.
1838. Actaea arguta Nutt.
1857. Actaea rubra var. arguta (Nutt.) Torr.
1944. Actaea rubra ssp. arguta (Nutt.) Hultén
1914. Christophoriana rubra (Aiton) Nieuwl.
Red baneberry,
Snakeberry

Actée rouge
Native,
Secure
Red baneberry (Whitefish Island) 1.JPG
Actaea rubra nymap.svg
NYFA-5
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 Elliott

1753. Actaea spicata var. alba L. nom. rej.
1768. Actaea albaauct. non (L.) Mill.
1813. Actaea americana var. alba (L.) Pursh
1821. Actaea pachypoda Elliott
1914. Christophoriana alba (L.) Nieuwl.
White baneberry,
Doll's-eyes,
White cohosh

Actée à gros pédicelles,
Actée blanche
Native,
Secure
Actaea pachypoda fruits01.jpg
Actaea pachypoda nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
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Images, wsp
 B.Boivin

Actaea pachypoda ×
Actaea rubra

1940. A. pachypoda fo. rubrocarpa Fernald
1967. Actaea × ludovicii B.Boivin
Hybrid
 Red baneberry &
 White baneberry
Native,
Vulnerable
Actaea pachypoda fo rubrocarpa 03121.jpg
Actaea × ludovici nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N]
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ITIS
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Images, wsp
Actaea sect. Cimicifuga[edit]

The bugbanes may also be placed in the genus Cimicifuga.

Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Actaeeae – genus Actaeasect. Cimicifuga
ActaeaL.sect. Cimicifuga Bugbane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Actaea racemosa L.
1788. Actaea monogyna Walter
1813. Cimicifuga serpentaria (L.) Pursh n.i.
1818. Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt.
[1]
1890. C. racemosa var. dissecta A.Gray
1891. Thalictrodes racemosa (L.) Kuntze
1998. A. racemosa var. dissecta J.Compton
Black baneberry,
Black cohosh,
Black bugbane,
Black snakeroot,
Fairy candle

Cimicaire à grappes
Native,
Likely secure
Cimicifuga racemosa 002.jpg
Actaea racemosa nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
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Images, wsp
 (Kearney) Kartesz

1897. Cimicifuga rubifolia Kearney
1999. Actaea rubifolia Kartesz
 auct. Actaea cordifolianon DC.
 auct. Cimicifuga racemosa
var. cordifolianon (DC.) A.Gray
 auct. C. cordifolianon (DC.) Torr. & A.Gray
Appalachian bugbane Introduced,
US South native
Cimicifuga rubifolia HabitusInflorescences BotGardBln0906.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0


FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
  1. New York Flora Atlas and Flora of North America list Actaea racemosa as Cimicifuga racemosa. Other sources treat C. racemosa as a synonym.
Genus Eranthis[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Actaeeae – genus Eranthis
Eranthis Eranthis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Salisb.

    Cammarum hyemale
    Eranthis cilicicus
    Eranthis × tubergenii
    Helleborus hyemalis
Winter aconite Introduced from
 Eurasia
Eranthis hyemalis - Kew 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X

ARS 




Images, wsp

Tribe Caltheae[edit]

Genus Caltha[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Caltheae – genus Caltha
Caltha Marsh-marigold N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Caltha palustris L.
1807. Caltha radicans T.F.Forst.
1818. Caltha asarifolia DC.
1824. Caltha arctica R.Brown
1854. Caltha cornuta Schott, Nyman & Kotschy
1854. Caltha laeta Schott, Nyman & Kotschy
Marsh marigold,
Yellow marsh marigold,
Cowslip,
Cowflock,
Kingcup

Populage des marais,
Souci d'eau
Native,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
2007-03-27Caltha palustris01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus Trollius[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Caltheae – genus Trollius
Trollius Globeflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Salisb.
ssp. laxus

1807. Trollius laxus Salisb.
1818. Trollius americanus Muhl. ex DC.
1971. Trollius laxus ssp. laxus autonym
American globe-flower,
Spreading globeflower
Native,
Rare
Trollius laxus Engjagullhnappur.jpg
Trollius laxus ssp laxus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can-0

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus Adonis[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Caltheae – genus Adonis
Adonis Pheasant's eye N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2

Spring pheasant's eye,
Spring adonis,
Ox-eye
Introduced,
Rare
Adonis vernalis 001.JPG
Adonis vernalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Summer pheasant's eye,
Summer adonis
Introduced,
No specimens
Adonis aestivalis eF.jpg
Adonis aestivalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Tribe Delphinieae[edit]

Genus Aconitum[edit]

The only native member of the Delphinieae (syn. Aconiteae) is the endangered northern blue monkshood, which as Aconitum noveboracense is found in only Iowa, New York, Ohio, and Wisconsin. However, A. noveboracense has been found to be synonymous with Aconitum columbianum ssp. columbianum (Columbia monkshood), which is native to much of western North America.

Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Delphinieae – genus Aconitum
Aconitum Monkshood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
ssp. columbianum Nutt.

1838. A. columbianum Nutt.
1886. A. noveboracense A.Gray
1929. A. noveboracense
var. quasiciliatum Fassett
1954. A. columbianum
var. bakeri (Greene) H.D.Harr.
1964. A. uncinatum
ssp. noveboracense Hardin
Northern blue monkshood,
Northern wild monkshood,
Northern monk's-hood,
New York monkshood,
Columbia monkshood

Aconit du Columbia
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1],
FWS: 1,
NYNHP: 1[2]
Aconitum noveboracense.jpg
Aconitum noveboracense NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW-0Can
ARS 
FNA 
BNA

CPC 
Images, wsp
 L.

1762. Aconitum uncinatum L.
1818. A. uncinatum var. muticum
1942. A. uncinatum var. acutidens
1964. A. uncinatum ssp. muticum
Wild monkshood,
Southern blue monkshood
Introduced,
N. America native

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Aconitum uncinatum (southern blue monkshood) flower.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW 

FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Aconitum napellus L.
Garden monkshood,
Venus' chariot
Introduced from
 Europe
Aconitum napellus Pyrénées.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
Genus Delphinium[edit]

Although there are more than sixty Delphinium species that are native to North America, none are considered to be native to New York or New England, and none have been reported to have naturalized in New York.[1] The only naturalized Delphinium species in New England is Delphinium exaltatum,[2] which is native to an area that extends as far northeast as northeastern Ohio and southwestern Pennsylvania.[3] Delphinium exaltatum is also distribuded in New York in the "native plant" trade.[4]

Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Delphinieae – genus Delphinium
Delphinium Larkspur N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
 Aiton

1786. Delphinium urceolatum Jacq.
1789. Delphinium exaltatum Aiton
1803. Delphinium tridactylum Michx.
1830. Delphidium exaltatum (Aiton) Raf.
1914. Delphinastrum exaltatum (Aiton) Nieuwl.
Tall larkspur Introduced,
US South native,
No reports

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Delphinium exaltatum (16596995003).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Genus Consolida[edit]

Larkspurs (Consolida spp.) are annuals that are closely related to the perennial Delphiniums.

Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Delphinieae – genus Consolida
ConsolidaGray Larkspur N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) Schur

1753. Delphinium ajacis L.
1853. Consolida ajacei (L.) Schur
Doubtful knight's-spur,
Rocket larkspur,
Ajax' larkspur

Pied-d'alouette d'Ajax,
Dauphinelle d'Ajax
Introduced

Annual,
Herb-forb
Consolida ajacis detalle flor.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Gray

1753. Delphinium consolida L.
1822. Consolida regalis Gray
Royal larkspur,
Rocket larkspur,
Field larkspur,
Forking larkspur

Pied-d'alouette royal,
Dauphinelle consoude,
Pied d'alouette
Introduced

Annual,
Herb-forb
Consolida regalis 003.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp

Tribe Nigelleae[edit]

Genus Nigella[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Nigelleae – genus Nigella
Nigella Nigella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Nigella damascena L.
Love-in-a-mist,
Devil-in-the-bush,
Jack-in-the-green,
Wild fennel,
Damascus hellebore

Nigelle de Damas
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

Annual,
Herb-forb
2007-10-25Nigella damascena 13.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp

Tribe Helleboreae[edit]

The Helleboreae...[1]

Genus Helleborus[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Helleboreae
HelleborusL. Hellebore N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Helleborus niger L
Black hellebore,
Christmas rose

Hellébore noire,
Rose de Noël
Introduced from
 Europe
2006-12-18Helleborus niger19.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X

ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Helleborus viridis L
Green hellebore Introduced from
 Europe
Helleborus viridis 003.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X

ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
  1. H. Sun, et al. (2001) "Molecular phylogeny of Helleborus (Ranunculaceae), with an emphasis on the East Asian-Mediterranean disjunction." Taxon 50:1001–1018.

Tribe Anemoneae[edit]

Genus Anemone[edit]

The grouping of Anemone used here is based on Hoot, Meyer & Manning (2012)[1]

Anemone subg. Anemonidium[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Anemoneae – genus Anemonesubg. Anemonidium
Anemonesect. Hepatica Hepatica N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 (DC.) G.Lawson

1813. Hepatica triloba var. acuta Pursh
1824. Hepatica acutiloba DC.
1884. Anemone acutiloba (DC.) G.Lawson
1891. Hepatica acuta (Pursh) Britton
1960. Hepatica nobilis
var. acuta (Pursh) Steyerm.
Sharplobe hepatica,
American liverleaf,
Liverwort-herb,
Sharp-lobed hepatica
Native,
Secure
Anemone acutiloba 1226.jpg
Anemone acutiloba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 (DC.) H.Hara

1814. Hepatica triloba var. obtusa Pursh
1817. Hepatica triloba var. americana DC.
1819. Hepatica americana (DC.) Ker Gawl.
1882. Hepatica hepatica (L.) H. Karst. p.p.
1958. Anemone americana (DC.) H.Hara
1960. Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa Steyerm.
Round-lobed hepatica,
Blunt-lobed Hepatica,
Round-leaved liverleaf,
American liverleaf

Hépatique d'Amérique,
Anémone d'Amérique,
Hépatique noble
Native,
Secure
Round-lobed Hepatica (Hepatica nobilis) var. obtusa (Hepatica americana, Anemone americana).jpg
Anemone americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Anemonesect. Anemonidium Windflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 L.

1768. Anemone canadensis L.
1892. Anemone dichotoma
var. canadensis C.MacMill.
1982. Anemonidium canadense
Á.Löve & D.Löve
Canada anemone,
Canadian anemone,
Canada windflower,
Meadow anemone,
Meadow windflower,
Round-leaved anemone,
Round-leaved thimbleweed

Anémone du Canada
Native,
Secure
Anemone canadensis0.jpg
Anemone canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
Anemone subg. Anemone[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Anemoneae – genus Anemonesubg. Anemone
Anemonesect. Anemonesubsect. Anemonanthea Anemone N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 L.
var. quinquefolia

1753. Anemone quinquefolia L.
1808. Anemone pedata Raf.
1813. Anemone nemorosa
var. quinquefolia (L.) Pursh
1923. Anemone quinquefolia
var. bifolia Farw.
1935. Anemone quinquefolia
var. interior Fernald
1968. Anemone nemorosa
var. bifolia (Farw.) B.Boivin
Wood anemone,
Nightcaps,
American wood anemone,
Wood windflower

Anémone à cinq folioles
Native,
Secure
Anemone quinquefolia - Wood Anemone 3.jpg
Anemone quinquefolia var quinquefolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Anemonesect. Anemonesubsect. Virginianae Anemone N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9

Long-headed anemone,
Long-headed windflower,
Long-fruited anemone,
Candle anemone,
Thimbleweed,
Cottonweed

Anémone cylindrique
Native,
Secure
Anemone cylindrica - Flickr 003.jpg
Anemone cylindrica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.
var. virginiana

Thimbleweed,
Tall anemone,
Tall thimbleweed,
Tall windflower,
Virginia anemone

Anémone de Virginie
Native,
Secure
Anemone virginiana 4262.jpg
Anemone virginiana var virginiana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.
var. alba (Oakes) Wood

1841. Anemone cylindrica
var. alba Oakes
1847. Anemone virginiana
var. alba (Oakes) Wood
    Anemone riparia Fernald
    Anemone virginiana
var. riparia (Fernald) B.Boivin
Thimbleweed,
Tall anemone,
Tall thimbleweed,
Riverbank anemone

Anémone blanche
Native,
Likely secure
Anemone virginiana 3016 4x3.jpg
Anemone virginiana var alba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.
var. cylindroidea B.Boivin

Thimbleweed,
Tall anemone,
Tall thimbleweed,
Cylindrical anemone

Anémone cylindroïde
Native,
Vulnerable
Anemone virginiana 3007-3009.jpg
Anemone virginiana var cylindroidea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 



Images, wsp
 Poir.
var. multifida

Anemone globosaAnemone hudsoniana
Hudson Bay anemone,
Hudson's anemone,
Pacific anemone,
Sanson's anemone
Native,
Likely extirpated
Anemone multifida.jpg
Anemone multifida var multifida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus Clematis[edit]

Clematis plants are generally vines or subshrubs that go by the common names virgin's-bower, leather-leaf, curly-heads or just clematis.

There are three NY-native Clematis species that range from the common (sometimes weedy) C. virginiana, to the rare (probably extirpated) C. ochroleuca, which is at the extreme northern extent of its range in New York has only been found in the wilds of New York City, and not reported there since the 1930's.

Many non-native Clematis vines are planted for ornamental purposes, but most rarely, if ever, naturalize in New York State. However, C. terniflora has been found to be highly invasive in parts of New York, and is currently on the state's Regulated Species list.[1]

Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Anemoneae – genus Clematis
Clematissubg. Clematis Virgin's-bower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

1755. Clematis virginiana L.
1768. Clematis canadensis Miller
1814. Clematis holosericea Pursh
1885. C. dioica ssp. virginiana Kunze
1901. Clematis missouriensis Rydb.
1935. C. virginiana var. missouriensis
Virginia virgin's-bower,
Devil's darning needles,
Virginia clematis,
Virginia bower,
Virgin's bower,
Old man's beard

Clématite de Virginie,
Herbe aux gueux
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Vine, subshrub,
Sun - shade
Clematis virginiana WFNY-073.jpg
Clematis virginiana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Clematissubg. Atragene Virgin's-bower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
(Hornem.) DC.
var. occidentalis

1805. Atragene americana Sims
1815. A. occidentalis Hornem.
1818. Clematis verticillaris DC.
1824. C. occidentalis DC.
1947. C. verticillaris var. cacuminis
1968. C. verticillaris var. grandiflora
Purple clematis,
Purple virgin’s-bower,
Western blue virginsbower,
Northern blue clematis

Clématite verticillée,
Atragène d'Amérique,
Clématite occidentale
Native, CoC: 9,
Likely secure

UPL

Perennial,
Vine, subshrub,
Part shade - shade
Clematis occidentalis var. occidentalis WFNY-f017.jpg
Clematis occidentalis var occidentalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Clematissubg. Viorna Virgin's-bower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 Aiton

1789. Clematis ochroleuca Aiton
1814. C. ovata Pursh
1885. C. integrifolia ssp. ovata
1903. Viorna ochroleuca (Aiton) Small
1903. Viorna ovata (Pursh) Small (i)
1931. C. ochroleuca var. ovata
1982. Coriflora ochroleuca
(Aiton) W.A.Weber
Curlyheads,
Curly-heads,
Silky leather-flower,
Erect silky leather-flower
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated,
Impersistent

UPL

Perennial,
Herb-subshrub
Clematis ochroleuca WFNY-074.jpg
Clematis ochroleuca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0


FNA Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Clematissubg. Flammula Virgin's-bower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 DC.

1817. Clematis terniflora DC.
    
    
Yam-leaved clematis,
Yam-leaved virgin's-bower,
Sweet autumn clematis,
Sweet autumn virginsbower,
Japanese virgin's-bower

Clématite à panicules
Introduced from
 Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[2],
Regulated[1]

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Vine, subshrub
Clematis terniflora.jpg
Clematis terniflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
L.

1753. Clematis Viticella L.
1903. Viticella viticella (L.) Small
nom. illeg. - tautonym
1949. Clematis viticella fo. purpurea
European purple clematis,
Italian clematis,
Italian leather flower,
Italian virgin's-bower

Clématite fausse-vigne,
Clématite bleue
Introduced from
 Eruasia,
Impersistent,
Rare

Perennial,
Vine
Clematis viticella3UME.jpg
Clematis viticella NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

Ground virgin's-bower Introduced,
Excluded
Clematis recta04.jpg
Clematis recta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Ranunculeae[edit]

The Ranunculeae...

Genus Halerpestes[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Ranunculeae – genus Halerpestes
Halerpestes Seaside crowfoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Pursh) Greene

1814. Ranunculus cymbalaria Pursh
1900. Halerpestes cymbalaria
(Pursh) Greene
1975. Cyrtorhyncha cymbalaria ssp. alpina
Alkali buttercup,
Seaside crowfoot

Renoncule cymbalaire
Native,
Endangered
Halerpestes cymbalaria NRCS 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N


FNA 



Images, wsp
Genus Ceratocephala[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Ranunculeae – genus Ceratocephala
Ceratocephala Curveseed-butterwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

    C. falcata
    C. orthoceras
    Ranunculus falcatus
    R. testiculatus
Curve-seeded butterwort,
Bur buttercup,
Hornseed buttercup
Introduced
Ranunculus testiculatus 2005-04-02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp
Genus Ficaria[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Ranunculeae – genus Ficaria
Ficaria Celandine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Huds.
ssp. verna

1753. Ranunculus ficaria L.
1762. Ficaria verna Huds.
1882. Ficaria ficaria H. Karst. nom. illeg.
1908. R. ficaria var. bulbifer Albert
1981. R. ficaria ssp. bulbifer Lambinon
Lesser celandine,
Fig buttercup,
Fig-crowfoot,
Pilewort
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86%[1],
Prohibited[2]
Ficaria verna.jpg
Ficaria verna ssp verna nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus Ranunculus[edit]
Ranunculus sect. Ranunculus[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Ranunculeae – genus Ranunculussect. Ranunculus
Ranunculussect. Ranunculus Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
 L.f.

1781. Ranunculus pensylvanicus L.f.
Pennsylvania buttercup,
Bristly buttercup,
Bristly crowfoot

Renoncule de Pennsylvanie
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure

OBL

Annual/Perennial,
Herb-forb
Ranunculus pensylvanicus NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
Poir. ex Lam.
var. recurvatus

1804. Ranunculus recurvatus
Poir. ex Lam.
1929. R. recurvatus var. adpressipilis
Blisterwort,
Hooked buttercup,
Hooked crowfoot,
Rough buttercup,
Little-leaved buttercup

Renoncule à bec recourbé
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure
Ranunculus recurvatus NRCS-2.jpg
Ranunculus recurvatus var recurvatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. caricetorum (Greene) T.Duncan

1903. Ranunculus caricetorum Greene
1906. R. siciformis Mack.
1936. R. septentrionalis var. caricetorum
1980. R. hispidus var. caricetorum
 auct. R. septentrionalisnon Poir.
Bristly buttercup,
Swamp buttercup,
Swamp crowfoot,
Northern swamp buttercup,
Marsh buttercup

Renoncule des cariçaies
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
Ranunculus caricetorum - Swamp Buttercup.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. hispidus

1803. Ranunculus hispidus Michx.
1920. R. h. var. falsus
1941. R. h. var. eurylobus
1948. R. h. var. greenmanii
1948. R. h. var. marilandicus
1948. R. h. var. typicus
Bristly buttercup,
Hispid buttercup,
Rough buttercup,
Hispid crowfoot

Renoncule hispide
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Ranunculus hispidus var. hispidus WFNY-060B-4x5.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. nitidus (Muhl. ex Chapm.) T.Duncan

1804. Ranunculus septentrionalis Poir.
1817. R. carolinianus DC.
1821. R. palmatus Elliott
1860. R. repens var. nitidus
1860. R. septentrionalis var. nitidus
1941. R. septentrionalis var. pterocarpus
1980. R. hispidus var. nitidus
Swamp buttercup,
Bristly buttercup,
Hispid buttercup

Renoncule brillante
Native, CoC: 8,
Endangered
Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus (4642636450).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Muhl. ex Bigelow

    R. fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow
Early buttercup,
Early crowfoot
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure
Ranunculus fascicularis NRCS.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N






Images, wsp

Tall butter-cup Introduced
20140324Ranunculus acris3.jpg
Ranunculus acris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N?






Images, wsp

Bulbous butter-cup,
St. Anthony's turnip
Introduced
Ranunculus bulbosus 003.JPG
Ranunculus bulbosus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp

Creeping butter-cup Introduced
20150530Ranunculus repens2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Ranunculus sect. Batrachium[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Ranunculeae – genus Ranunculussect. Batrachium
Ranunculussect. Batrachium White water-crowfoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Godr.

1786. R. trichophyllus Chaix nom. nud.
 auct. R. circinatusnon Sibth. (1794)
1795. R. flaccidus Pers.
1796. R. aquatilis var. diffusus With.
1823. R. amphibius James
1839. R. longirostris Godr.
1839. Batrachium circinatum Spach
1844. B. longirostre F.W.Schultz
1848. B. trichophyllum F.W.Schultz
1869. B. flaccidum (Pers.) Rupr.
1884. R. aquatilis
var. longirostris G.Lawson
1942. R. aquatilis
var. calvescens L.D.Benson
Eastern white water-crowfoot,
Longbeak buttercup,
Thread-leaved water buttercup,
Hair-leaved water buttercup

Renoncule à long bec,
Renoncule à feuilles capillaires,
Renoncule à feuilles chevelues,
Renoncule à lâche
Native,
Secure
Ranunculus longirostris WFNY-079A.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
Ranunculus sect. Echinella[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Ranunculeae – genus Ranunculussect. Echinella
Ranunculussect. Echinella Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23

Crowfoot Introduced
Ranunculus sardous.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Corn crowfoot,
Corn buttercup
Introduced
Ranunculus arvensis Enfoque Valderrepisa 2012-05-31 SierraMadrona.jpg
Ranunculus arvensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp
 L.

Smallflower buttercup,
Small-flowered butter-cup
Introduced
Nsr-slika-035.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Ranunculus sect. Epirotes[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Ranunculeae – genus Ranunculussect. Epirotes
Ranunculussect. Epirotes Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23

Kidney-leaved crowfoot,
Little-leaved buttercup
Native,
Secure
Ranunculus abortivus 003.jpg
Ranunculus abortivus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N






Images, wsp

Allegheny mountains crowfoot,
Allegheny Mountain buttercup
Native,
Likely secure
Ranunculus allegheniensis 1913.png
Ranunculus allegheniensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N






Images, wsp

  Nutt. ex Torrey & A.Gray

Small-flowered crowfoot,
Rock crowfoot,
Rock buttercup
Native,
Threatened
Ranunculus micranthus BB-1913.png
NYFA-3
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Ranunculus sect. Flammula[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Ranunculeae – genus Ranunculussect. Flammula
Ranunculus Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
 L.
var. reptans

    R. flammula var. filiformis
    R. filiformis Michx.
    R. reptans L.
    R. reptans var. filiformis
    R. reptans var. intermedius
Greater creeping spearwort Native,
Secure
Ranunculus flammula var reptans - Sturm.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.
var. ovalis

    R. flammula var. flammula
    R. flammula var. angustifolius
    R. flammula var. genuinus
    R. filiformis var. ovalis
    R. reptans var. ovalis
Greater creeping spearwort Native,
Vulnerable
Ranunculus.flammula.-.lindsey.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
S.Watson

    R. obtusiusculus Raf. misapplied
Water-plantain spearwort Native,
Likely secure
Ranunculus ambigens drawing.png
Ranunculus ambigens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Poir.

    R. oblongifolius
    R. pusillus var. angustifolius
    R. tener
Low spearwort,
Pursh buttercup
Introduced,
Impersistent
Ranunculus pusillus NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Ranunculus sect. Hecatonia[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Ranunculaceae – subfam. Ranunculoideae – tribe Ranunculeae – genus Ranunculussect. Hecatonia
Ranunculussect. Hecatonia Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
 Raf.

Ranunculus delphiniifolius
Yellow water-crowfoot Native,
Secure
Ranunculus flabellaris 1.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.
var. sceleratus

Cursed crowfoot,
Blisterwort
Introduced,
N. America native
Ranunculus sceleratus(02).jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX






Images, wsp

Family Papaveraceae[edit]

The Papaveraceae (poppy family)...

Subfamily Papaveroideae[edit]

Tribe Papavereae[edit]

Genus Argemone[edit]

Argemone (AR-ge-mon-ee)

Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Papaveroideae – tribe Papavereae – genus Argemone
Argemone Pricklypoppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
ssp. albiflora

White prickly-poppy,
Bluestem prickly-poppy,
Texas prickly-poppy
Introduced,
N. America native
Prickly poppy Argemone munita plant backlit.jpg
Argemone albiflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

Mexican prickly-poppy Introduced,
N. America native
Argemone mexicana flower 5.jpg
Argemone mexicana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NW






Images, wsp
Genus Papaver[edit]

Papaver (puh-PAY-ver}

Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Papaveroideae – tribe Papavereae – genus Papaver
Papaver Poppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

Long pricklyhead poppy,
Pale rough-fruited poppy
Introduced
Papaver argemone 1.jpg
Papaver argemone NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Blindeyes,
Long-podded poppy,
Long-headed poppy
Introduced,
Rare
2009-09-18 (20) Red poppy, Klatschmohn.JPG
Papaver dubium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp
 Boiss. & Hausskn.

Tulip poppy Introduced,
Rare
Papaver glaucum (1).jpg
Papaver glaucum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

Papaver pseudoorientalePapaver pseudo-orientale
Oriental poppy Introduced,
Rare
Papaver orientale a1.jpg
Papaver orientale NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Common poppy,
Corn poppy,
Field poppy,
Flanders poppy
Introduced
2010-06-29 (32) Red poppy, Klatsch-Mohn, Papaver rhoeas.JPG
Papaver rhoeas NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Opium poppy,
Common poppy
Introduced
Papaver somniferum 'Opium poppy' (Papaveraceae) flower.JPG
Papaver somniferum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

Tribe Chelidonieae[edit]

Genus Sanguinaria[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Papaveroideae – tribe Chelidonieae – genus Sanguinaria
Sanguinaria Bloodroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Sanguinaria canadensis L.
1905. S. australis Greene
1905. S. dilleniana Greene
1909. S. canadensis var. rotundifolia
Bloodroot,
Puccoon-root,
Red puccoon

Sanguinaire du Canada,
Sang-dragon
Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Part shade - shade
Bloodroot (4506078885).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 

LBJ

Images, wsp
Genus Stylophorum[edit]

The only New World Stylophorum species is S. diphyllum, Celandine poppy, which is native to the Midwest section of the US. It is cultivated but not known to naturalize in New York. It closely resembles Chelidonium majus (greater celandine).

Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Papaveroideae – tribe Chelidonieae – genus Stylophorum
Stylophorum Celandine-poppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
(Michx.) Nutt.

1803. Chelidonium diphyllum Michx.
1818. S. diphyllum (Michx.) Nutt.
1825. S. ohiense Spreng.
Celandine-poppy,
Wood-poppy,
Mock poppy,
Yellow poppy,
Yellow wood poppy
Introduced from
 Midwest,
N. America native,
Cultivated only

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Part shade - shade
Stylophorum diphyllum flowers cropped.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xnn
USDA-
Can-0
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Genus Chelidonium[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Papaveroideae – tribe Chelidonieae – genus Chelidonium
Chelidonium Celandine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Chelidonium majus L.
1821. C. majus var. grandiflorum
1824. C. grandiflorum (DC.) DC.
    C. majus ssp. grandiflorum
Greater celandine,
Great celandine,
Celandine,
Nipplewort,
Swallowwort,
Rock poppy

Grande chélidoine,
Chélidoine,
Chélidoine
  herbe-aux-verrues,
Chélidoine majeure,
Éclaire,
Grande éclaire,
Herbe aux verrues
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa,
Naturalized
Onbekend voor Paul Hermans.JPG
Chelidonium majus var majus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Genus Macleaya[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Papaveroideae – tribe Chelidonieae – genus Macleaya
Macleaya Plume poppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Willd.) R.Br.

1799. Bocconia cordata Willd.
1826. M. cordata (Willd.) R.Br.
1866. M. yedoensis André
1909. M. cordata var. yedoensis
Plume poppy,
Plume-poppy,
Tree-celandine

Macléaya à feuilles cordées
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Naturalized

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Macleaya cordata 3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Genus Glaucium[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Papaveroideae – tribe Chelidonieae – genus Glaucium
Glaucium Hornpoppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Crantz

1753. Chelidonium glaucium L.
1763. Glaucium flavum Crantz
1771. G. luteum Scop.
1887. G. corniculatum var. flavum
Yellow horned-poppy,
Yellow horn-poppy,
Horned-poppy,
Sea-poppy

Glaucienne jaune,
Glaucie jaune,
Glaucière jaune,
Pavot cornu,
Pavot jaune des sables
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 66%[1]

Biennial,
Herb-forb
Glaucium flavum var. flavum, University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley, California - 20060612-02.jpg
Glaucium flavum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(L.) Rudolph

1753. Chelidonium corniculatum L.
1781. G. corniculatum (L.) Rudolph
1789. G. corniculatum (L.) Curtis (i)
Red horned-poppy,
Blackspot hornpoppy
Introduced,
Impersistent
Glaucium corniculatum flor.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW-0Can-0
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp

Tribe Eschscholtzieae[edit]

Genus Eschscholzia[edit]

Eschscholzia (es-SHOLT-zee-uh} was named in honor of Dr. Johann Friedrich Gustav von Eschscholtz, a 19th-century Estonian surgeon and botanist.

Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Papaveroideae – tribe Eschscholtzieae – genus Eschscholzia
Eschscholzia California-poppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Cham.
ssp. californica

Eschscholzia procera Greene
California poppy Introduced,
N. America native
California poppy (Eschscholzia californica) - 7.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX






Images, wsp

Subfamily Fumarioideae[edit]

Tribe Fumarieae[edit]

Subtribe Corydalineae[edit]
Genus Dicentra[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Fumarioideae – tribe Fumarieae – subtr. Corydalineae – genus Dicentra
Dicentra Bleeding-heart N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 (Goldie) Walp.

1822. Corydalis canadensis Goldie
1842. Dicentra canadensis (Goldie) Walp.
1892. Bicuculla canadensis (Goldie) Millsp.
Squirrel-corn,
Turkey-corn

Dicentre du Canada
Native,
Secure
Dicentra canadensis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 (L.) Bernh.

1753. Fumaria cucullaria L.
1806. Corydalis cucullaria (L.) Pers.
1833. Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh.
1892. Bicuculla cucullaria (L.) Millsp.
1912. Dicentra occidentalis (Rydb.) Fedde
Dutchman's breeches,
Turkey-corn,
Dicentre à capuchon
Native,
Secure
Dicentra cucullaria Flowers.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 (Ker Gawl.) Torr.

1815. Fumaria eximia Ker Gawl.
1843. Dicentra eximia (Ker Gawl.) Torr.
Wild bleeding-heart,
Eastern bleeding-heart,
Turkey corn,
Staggerweed
Introduced,
N. America native
Dicentra eximia0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Genus Lamprocapnos[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Fumarioideae – tribe Fumarieae – subtr. Corydalineae – genus Lamprocapnos
Lamprocapnos Bleeding-heart N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Fukuhara

1753. Fumaria spectabilis L.
1831. Diclytra spectabilis (L.) DC.
1847. Dicentra spectabilis (L.) Lem.
1997. Lamprocapnos spectabilis
Bleeding-heart,
Asian bleeding-heart,
Common bleedinghearts
Introduced,
Asia native
Fleurs de printemps "Coeur de Marie" (4544804133).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Genus Adlumia[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Fumarioideae – tribe Fumarieae – subtr. Corydalineae – genus Adlumia
Adlumia Adlumia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Aiton) Greene
ex Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1789. Fumaria fungosa Aiton
1803. Fumaria recta Michx.
1808. Fumaria cirrhosa Raf.
1888. Adlumia fungosa Greene ex BSP
1891. Bicuculla fungosa Kuntze
Allegheny vine,
Climbing fumitory,
Mountain-fringe,
Woodfringe,
Canary vine

Adlumie fongueuse
Native,
Likely secure
Adlumia fungosa-IMG 9181.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Genus Capnoides[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Fumarioideae – tribe Fumarieae – subtr. Corydalineae – genus Capnoides
Capnoides Harlequin N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Borkh.

1753. Fumaria sempervirens L.
1797. Capnoides sempervirens Borkh.
1806. Corydalis sempervirens Pers.
1813. Corydalis glauca Pursh
Pink corydalis,
Pale corydalis,
Rock harlequin,
Harlequin-flower
Native,
Likely secure
Pink Corydalis.jpg
Capnoides sempervirens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Genus Corydalis[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Fumarioideae – tribe Fumarieae – subtr. Corydalineae – genus Corydalis
Corydalis Fumewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Raf.) DC.

1808. Fumaria flavula Raf.
1824. Corydalis flavula (Raf.) DC.
1891. Capnoides flavula (Raf.) Kuntze
Yellow corydalis,
Yellow fumewort
Native, CoC: 7,
Vulnerable
Corydalis flavula - Yellow Fumewort 2.jpg
Corydalis flavula NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
ssp. aurea

    
    
    
Golden corydalis,
Scrambled eggs
Native, CoC: 9,
Threatened
Corydalis aurea 3.jpg
Corydalis aurea ssp aurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 (Thunb.) Pers.

    
    
    
Purple keman Introduced,
Rare
Corydalis incisa 01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-00






Images, wsp
(L.) Clairv.

    
    
    
Spring corydalis Introduced,
Naturalized
Corydalis solida01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn






Images, wsp
Subtribe Fumariineae[edit]
Genus Fumaria[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Fumarioideae – tribe Fumariineae – subtr. Fumaria
Fumaria Fumitory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Fumaria officinalis L.
Common Fumitory,
Drug fumitory,
Earth smoke,
Wax dolls

Fumeterre officinal
Introduced,
from Eurasia,
northern Africa
Fumaria officinalis 2601.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus Pseudofumaria[edit]
Ranunculales – fam. Papaveraceae – subfam. Fumarioideae – tribe Fumariineae – subtr. Pseudofumaria
Pseudofumaria Rock fumitory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Borkh.

1771. Fumaria lutea L.
1790. Capnoides luteum Gaertn.
1797. Pseudofumaria lutea Borkh.
1805. Corydalis lutea DC.
Rock fumewort,
Yellow corydalis,
Rock corydalis,
Rock fumitory
Introduced
Corydalis lutea J1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp