Flora of New York/Ranunculales

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Commelinales, Zingiberales, Ceratophyllales
Flora of New York — Ranunculales : Lardizabalaceae,
Menispermaceae, Berberidaceae, Ranunculaceae, Papaveraceae

Proteales… Zygophyllales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Ranunculales has about 93 taxa found outside of cultivation in New York. Ranunculales families include:

Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genera G T
Ranunculales Lardizabalaceae Lardizabaloideae Akebieae Akebia (chocolate vine) 1 1
Menispermaceae Menispermoideae Menispermeae Menispermum (moonseed) 1 1
Berberidaceae Podophylloideae Leonticeae Caulophyllum (cohosh) 1 2
Podophylleae Podophyllum (mayapple)
Jeffersonia (twinleaf)
2 2
Berberidoideae Berberis (barberry)
Mahonia (Oregon grape)
2 5
Ranunculaceae Hydrastoideae Hydrastis (yellow puccoon) 1 1
Coptidoieae Coptideae Coptis (goldthread) 1 1
Xanthorhizeae Xanthorhiza (yellowroot) 1 1
Thalictroideae Aquilegieae Aquilegia (columbine)
Enemion (false rue anemone)
2 3
Thalictreae Thalictrum (meadow rue) 1 7
Ranunculoideae Actaeeae Actaea (baneberry)
Eranthis (winter aconite)
2 5
Caltheae Caltha (marsh marigold)
Trollius (globeflower)
Adonis (pheasant's eye)
3 4
Delphinieae Aconitum (monkshood)
Delphinium (lark-spur)
Consolida (knight's-spur)
3 5
Nigelleae Nigella (love-in-a-mist) 1 1
Helleboreae Helleborus (hellebore) 1 2
Anemoneae Anemone (hepatica, thimbleweed)
Clematis (leather flower, virgin's-bower)
2 15
Ranunculeae Halerpestes (seaside crowfoot)
Ceratocephala (curvseed butterwort)
Ficaria (celadine)
Ranunculus (buttercup, crowfoot, spearwort)
4 26
Papaveraceae Papaveroideae Papavereae Argemone (pricklypoppy)
Papaver (poppy)
2 8
Eschscholtzieae Eschscholzia (California poppy) 1 1
Chelidonieae Sanguinaria (bloodroot)
Chelidonium (celandine)
Macleaya (plume poppy)
Glaucium (hornpoppy)
4 5
Fumarioideae Fumarieae Fumaria (fumitory)
Pseudofumaria (rock fumitory)
2 2
Corydaleae Adlumia (climbing fumitory)
Capnoides (harlequin)
Corydalis (fumewort)
Dicentra (bleeding-heart, Dutchman's breeches)
Lamprocapnos (bleeding-heart, Asian bleeding-heart)
4 8

Family Lardizabalaceae[edit]

The Lardizabalaceae (lardizabala family)...

Subfamily Lardizabaloideae[edit]

Tribe Akebieae[edit]

Genus Akebia[edit]
Lardizabalaceaesubfam. Lardizabaloideaetribe Akebieaegenus Akebia
Akebia Chocolate-vine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Houtt.) Dcne.

1779. Rajania quinata  Houtt.
1839. Akebia quinata  (Houtt.) Dcne.
Fiveleaf akebia,
Chocolate vine
Introduced from
 Asia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 52%[1],
CP-4[2]
Akebia quinata01.jpg
Akebia quinata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
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FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Family Menispermaceae[edit]

The Menispermaceae (moonseed family)...

Subfamily Menispermoideae[edit]

Tribe Menispermeae[edit]

Genus Menispermum[edit]
Menispermaceaesubfam. Menispermoideaetribe Menispermeaegenus Menispermum
Menispermum Moonseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Menispermum canadense  L.
Canada moonseed,
Common moonseed,
Yellow Parilla,
Carolina moonseed

Ménisperme du Canada,
Raison de couleuvre
Native,
Secure
Menispermum canadense, Saint-Hilaire-1.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngMenispermum canadense, Curtis's-44.png
Menispermum canadense nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
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Images, wsp

Family Berberidaceae[edit]

The Berberidaceae (barberry family) contains several herbaceous genera that are associated with their native woodland wildflowers, including Caulophyllum (blue cohosh), Podophyllum (mayapple), and Jeffersonia (twinleaf). But the family also contains the non-native ornamental shrubs (some highly invasive) known as barberry in the Berberis and closely-related Manonia genera.

Subfamily Podophylloideae[edit]

Tribe Leonticeae[edit]

Genus Caulophyllum[edit]

Although Caulophyllum contains the two blue cohosh species found in New York, it does not include black cohosh, which is not only in a separate genus (Actaea), but also in a different family (Ranunculaceae, below). Blue cohosh leaves have a similarity to Thalictrum (meadow rue) leaves, accounting for the specific epithet thalictroides.

Berberidaceaesubfam. Podophylloideaetribe Leonticeaegenus Caulophyllum
Caulophyllum Blue cohosh N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 {L.) Michx.

1753. Leontice thalictroides  L.
1803. Caulophyllum thalictroides  Michx.
Blue cohosh,
Squaw-root,
Papoose-root

Caulophylle faux-pigamon
Native,
Secure
Blue Cohosh.jpg
Caulophyllum thalictroides nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


FNA 


Images, wsp
(Farw.) Loconte & W.H.Blackw.

1918. Caulophyllum thalictroides
   var.
giganteum Farw.
1981. Caulophyllum giganteum
   Loconte & W.H.Blackw.
Blue cohosh,
Giant blue cohosh,
Early blue cohosh
Native,
Vulnerable
Caulophyllum giganteum.jpg
Caulophyllum giganteum nymap.svg
NYFA-3-5
USDA-N

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp

Tribe Podophylleae[edit]

Genus Podophyllum[edit]
Berberidaceaesubfam. Podophylloideaetribe Podophylleaegenus Podophyllum
Podophyllum Mayapple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Podophyllum peltatum  L.
May-apple,
Indian-apple,
Wild-mandrake

Pomme de mai
Native,
Secure
PoisonousMayApple099.jpg
Podophyllum peltatum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 


Images, wsp
Genus Jeffersonia[edit]
Berberidaceaesubfam. Podophylloideaetribe Podophylleaegenus Jeffersonia
Jeffersonia Twinleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Pers.

1753. Podophyllum diphyllum  L.
1805. Jeffersonia diphylla  (L.) Pers.
Twinleaf,
Rheumatism-root
Native,
Threatened
Jeffersonia diphylla 2008.jpg
Jeffersonia diphylla nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp

Subfamily Berberidoideae[edit]

Genus Berberis[edit]

Although there are a few North American native barberry species, none are known to have naturalized in New York State. The closest reported occurrence is of Berberis canadensis (American barberry) in Huntington County in south-central Pennsylvania. However the two Eurasian barberries, Berberis thunbergii and Berberis vulgaris are quite common and considered to be invasive in New York. If fact, the sale of Japanese barberry (B. thunbergii) is now prohibited in the state.

Berberis.[1]

Berberidaceaesubfam. Berberidoideaegenus Berberis
Berberis Barberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 DC.

1821. Berberis thunbergii  DC.
1926. B. thunbergii var. atropurpurea
Japanese barberry

Épine-vinette du Japon
Introduced from
 Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 91%[1],
Prohibited[2],
CP-2[3] NE-1[4]
Berberis thunbergii.jpg
Berberis thunbergii nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
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Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Berberis vulgaris  L.
1845. Berberis vulgaris var. purpurea
1860. Berberis vulgaris fo. atropurpurea
1869. Berberis jacquinii  hort. ex K.Koch
1869. Berberis sanguinea  hort. ex K.Koch
Common barberry,
European barberry,
Jaundice-berry

Épine-vinette commune,
Épine-vinette,
Berbéris vulgaire,
Berbéride vulgaire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 69%[5],
CP-3[6] NE-2[7]
Berberis vulgaris5934.jpg
Berberis vulgaris nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
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Images, wsp
 C.K.Schneid.

Berberis thunbergii ×
Berberis vulgaris

1927. Berberis × ottawensis  C.K.Schneid.
Hybrid barberry,
Ottawa barberry
Introduced,
No specimens,
Present in New Eng.
Berberis-Ottawensis-Superba-02.jpg
Berberis × ottawensis nymap.svg
NYFA-D
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
 C.K.Schneid.

1913. Berberis julianae  C.K.Schneid.
Juliana's berberis,
Wintergreen barberry,
Chinese barberry
Introduced from
 China,
Single population
Berberis julianae.jpg
Berberis julianae nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Palibin.

1899. Berberis koreana  Palibin.
Korea barberry Introduced from
 Asia,
No specimens,
Present in Vermont
Berberis koreana a2.jpg
Nymap.svg

NEW 




Images, wsp
 Mill.

1768. Berberis canadensis  Mill.
1869. Berberis fischeri  hort. ex K.Koch*
1894. Berberis angulizans  hort. ex Massias
American barberry,
Allegheny barberry
N. America native
Berberis canadiensis RB.jpg
Nymap.svg

USDA-N0


FNA 
BNA 

Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentBerberis thunbergii: Very highly invasive (91%).
  2. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Proposed Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  3. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  4. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  5. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentBerberis vulgaris: 69 (all).
  6. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  7. Category 2 Plants - moderately invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Barberry differentiation
Barberry species Leaf margin Spines Flowers
Berberis thunbergii, Japanese barberry Entire (smooth) 1 Sessile umbel
Berberis vulgaris, European barberry Serrate (toothed) 3 Raceme
Berberis × ottawensis, Ottawa barberry Entire (smooth) 1 to 3 Subumbellate-raceme

Genus Mahonia[edit]

Berberidaceaesubfam. Berberidoideaegenus Mahonia
Mahonia Barberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Pursh) Nutt.

1813. Berberis aquifolium  Pursh
1818. Mahonia aquifolium  Nutt.
1906. Odostemon aquifolium  Rydb.
1931. Mahonia diversifolia  Sweet
1934. Mahonia piperiana  Abrams
1939. Berberis piperiana  McMinn
1940. Berberis diversifolia  Steud.
Oregon grape,
Piper's Oregon-grape,
Oregon holly-grape,
Tall mahonia,
Hollyleaved barberry

Mahonia
 à feuilles de houx
Introduced from
 western N. America
Mahonia aquifolium 003.JPG
Mahonia aquifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
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Images, wsp

Family Ranunculaceae[edit]

The Ranunculaceae...

Subfamily Hydrastoideae[edit]

Tribe Hydrastideae[edit]

Genus Hydrastis[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Hydrastoideaetribe Hydrastideaegenus Hydrastis
Hydrastis Goldenseal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Golden-seal,
Orange-root,
Yellow-puccoon
Native,
Threatened
Hydrastis canadensis berries.jpg
Hydrastis canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Subfamily Coptidoideae[edit]

Tribe Coptideae[edit]

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Coptidoideaetribe Coptideae
Coptis Goldthread N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Salisb.

1753. Helleborus trifolius  L.
1771. Anemone groenlandica  Oeder
1807. Coptis trifolia  (L.) Salisb.
1929. Coptis groenlandica  (Oeder) Fernald
1937. Coptis trifolia
   ssp.
groenlandica (Oeder) Hultén
1947. Coptis trifolia
   var.
groenlandica (Oeder) Fassett
Goldthread,
Goldenroot,
Yellow snakeroot,
American goldthread,
Canker-root

Savoyane,
Coptide du Groenland,
Coptide savoyane,
Sabouillane
Native,
Secure

NWI: FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb01.jpg
Coptis trifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp

Tribe Xanthorhizeae[edit]

Genus Xanthorhiza[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Coptidoideaetribe Xanthorhizeae
Xanthorhiza Yellowroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Marshall (1785)

X. apiifolia L'Héritier
Brook-feather,
Shrub yellowroot,
Yellowroot
Introduced,
N. America native
Yellowroot- Xanthorhiza simplicissima.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Subfamily Thalictroideae[edit]

Tribe Aquilegieae[edit]

Genus Aquilegia[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Thalictroideaetribe Aquilegieaegenus Aquilegia
Aquilegia Columbine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Aquilegia canadensis  L.
    
    
Canadian columbine,
Red columbine,
Wild columbine

Ancolie du Canada
Native,
Secure
Wild columbine flower (Ripple Rock) 2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
European columbine Introduced
Akelei004.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Genus Enemion[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Thalictroideaetribe Aquilegieaegenus Enemion
Enemion False-rue-anemone N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Raf.
Eastern false rue anemone,
False rue-anemone
Native,
Likely extirpated
False Rue Anemone.jpg
NYFA-Z





Images, wsp

Tribe Thalictreae[edit]

Genus Thalictrum[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Thalictroideaetribe Thalictreae
Thalictrumsect. Anemonella Meadow-rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
(L.) A.J.Eames & B.Boivin

1753. Anemone thalictroides  L.
1803. Thalictrum anemonoides  Michx.
1805. Thalictrum anemoides  Maxim. **
1832. Syndesmon thalictroides
   Hoffmanns.

1839. Anemonella thalictroides  Spach
1957. Thalictrum thalictroides
Rue anemone,
Windflower

Pigamon à ombelles
Native,
Secure
Anemonella thalictroides.jpg
Thalictrum thalictroides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Thalictrumsect. Heterogamia Meadow-rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.

1753. Thalictrum dioicum  L.
1803. Thalictrum laevigatum  Michx.
1832. Thalictrum pauciflorum  Raf.
1885. Thalictrum pulchellum  Pursh **
1914. Leucocoma dioica  (L.) Nieuwl.
Early meadow-rue,
Quicksilver-weed

Pigamon dioïque
Native,
Secure
Thalictrum dioicum.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngThalictrum dioicum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Trelease
var. confine (Fernald) Boivin

     Thalictrum confine  Fernald[1]
     Thalictrum turneri  B.Boivin
Early meadow-rue,
Veined meadow-rue,
Veiny meadow-rue
Native,
Endangered
Thalictrum venulosum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Thalictrumsect. Leucocoma Meadow-rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 Pursh

     T. carolinianum var. subpubescens
     T. perelegans
     T. polygamum  Muhl. ex Spreng.
King of the meadow,
Late meadow-rue,
Tall meadow-rue,
Meadow-weed,
Muskrat-weed

Pigamon pubescent
Native,
Secure
Thalictrum pubescens 4661.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngThalictrum pubescens.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 


Images, wsp
 DC.

     T. amphibolum  Greene
     T. hepaticum  Greene
     T. moseleyi  Greene
Purple meadow-rue,
Skunk meadow-rue,
Wax-leaved meadow-rue,
Waxyleaf meadow-rue
Native,
Secure
Thalictrum revolutum BB-1913.png
Thalictrum revolutum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
Fisch. & Avé-Lall.

T. dasycarpum var. hypoglaucum
T. hypoglaucum Rydb.
Purple meadow-rue Introduced,
N. America native
Thalictrum dasycarpum.jpg
Thalictrum dasycarpum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN


FNA 


Images, wsp
Thalictrumsect. ? Meadow-rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.
Columbine meadow-rue,
French meadow-rue,
Greater meadow-rue
Introduced,
Rare,
Eurasia native
Thalictrum aquilegifolium 06.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW-0
ITIS



Images, wsp

Subfamily Ranunculoideae[edit]

The Ranunculoideae...

Tribe Actaeeae[edit]

Genus Actaea[edit]
Here the genus Cimicifuga (bugbane) is included as a section of Actaea (baneberry) as per Compton (1998).[1]
Actaea sect. Actaea[edit]
Berry-color alone can't be used to distinguish red and white baneberry from each other. Even at maturity, red baneberry (Actaea rubra) plants frequently have white fruit (sometimes differentiated as forma neglecta). Red or pink berries on white baneberry, Actaea pachypoda (fo. rubrocarpa), are less common and may indicate that the plant is a hybrid (Actaea ×ludovici) of the two species.

A better way to distinguish red and white baneberry is to observe the color and width of the fruit pedicels. Red baneberry has brown or greenish pedicels that are thinner than the axis of their raceme. White baneberry has bright red and much thicker pedicels that are about the same diameter as the raceme axis.[1]

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Actaeeaegenus Actaeasect. Actaea
ActaeaL.sect. Actaea Baneberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Aiton) Willd.

1789. Actaea spicata var. rubra Aiton
1809. Actaea rubra  (Aiton) Willd.
1838. Actaea arguta  Nutt.
1857. Actaea rubra var. arguta (Nutt.) Torr.
1944. Actaea rubra ssp. arguta (Nutt.) Hultén
1914. Christophoriana rubra  (Aiton) Nieuwl.
Red baneberry,
Snakeberry

Actée rouge
Native,
Secure
Red baneberry (Whitefish Island) 1.JPG
Actaea rubra nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
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Images, wsp
 Elliott

1753. Actaea spicata var. alba L. nom. rej.
1768. Actaea alba auct. non (L.) Mill.
1813. Actaea americana var. alba (L.) Pursh
1821. Actaea pachypoda  Elliott
1914. Christophoriana alba  (L.) Nieuwl.
White baneberry,
Doll's-eyes,
White cohosh

Actée à gros pédicelles,
Actée blanche
Native,
Secure
Actaea pachypoda fruits01.jpg
Actaea pachypoda nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 B.Boivin

Actaea pachypoda ×
Actaea rubra

1940. A. pachypoda fo. rubrocarpa Fernald
1967. Actaea × ludovicii  B.Boivin
Hybrid
 Red baneberry &
 White baneberry
Native,
Vulnerable
Actaea pachypoda fo rubrocarpa 03121.jpg
Actaea × ludovici nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N]
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Actaea sect. Cimicifuga[edit]

The bugbanes may also be placed in the genus Cimicifuga.

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Actaeeaegenus Actaeasect. Cimicifuga
ActaeaL.sect. Cimicifuga Bugbane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Actaea racemosa  L.
1788. Actaea monogyna  Walter
1813. Cimicifuga serpentaria  (L.) Pursh n.i.
1818. Cimicifuga racemosa  (L.) Nutt.[1]
1890. C. racemosa var. dissecta A.Gray
1891. Thalictrodes racemosa  (L.) Kuntze
1998. A. racemosa var. dissecta J.Compton
Black baneberry,
Black cohosh,
Black bugbane,
Black snakeroot,
Fairy candle

Cimicaire à grappes
Native,
Likely secure
Cimicifuga racemosa 002.jpg
Actaea racemosa nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Kearney) Kartesz

1897. Cimicifuga rubifolia  Kearney
1999. Actaea rubifolia  Kartesz
auct. Actaea cordifolia non DC.
auct. Cimicifuga racemosa
   var.
cordifolianon (DC.) A.Gray
auct. C. cordifolia non (DC.) Torr. & A.Gray
Appalachian bugbane Introduced,
US South native
Cimicifuga rubifolia HabitusInflorescences BotGardBln0906.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0


FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
  1. New York Flora Atlas and Flora of North America list Actaea racemosa as Cimicifuga racemosa. Other sources treat C. racemosa as a synonym.
Genus Eranthis[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Actaeeaegenus Eranthis
Eranthis Eranthis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Cammarum hyemale
Eranthis cilicicus
Eranthis × tubergenii
Helleborus hyemalis
Winter aconite Introduced
Eranthis hyemalis - Kew 1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp

Tribe Caltheae[edit]

Genus Caltha[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Caltheaegenus Caltha
Caltha Marsh-marigold N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Caltha palustris  L.
1807. Caltha radicans  T.F.Forst.
1818. Caltha asarifolia  DC.
1824. Caltha arctica  R.Brown
1854. Caltha cornuta  Schott, Nyman & Kotschy
1854. Caltha laeta  Schott, Nyman & Kotschy
Marsh marigold,
Yellow marsh marigold,
Cowslip,
Cowflock,
Kingcup

Populage des marais,
Souci d'eau
Native,
Secure

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
2007-03-27Caltha palustris01.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Genus Trollius[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Caltheaegenus Trollius
Trollius Globeflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Salisb.
ssp. laxus

1807. Trollius laxus  Salisb.
1818. Trollius americanus  Muhl. ex DC.
1971. Trollius laxus ssp. laxus autonym
American globe-flower,
Spreading globeflower
Native,
Rare
Trollius laxus Engjagullhnappur.jpg
Trollius laxus ssp laxus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can-0

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Genus Adonis[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Caltheaegenus Adonis
Adonis Pheasant's eye N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Spring pheasant's eye,
Spring adonis,
Ox-eye
Introduced,
Rare
Adonis vernalis 001.JPG
Adonis vernalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Summer pheasant's eye,
Summer adonis
Introduced,
No specimens
Adonis aestivalis eF.jpg
Adonis aestivalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Tribe Delphinieae[edit]

Genus Aconitum[edit]

The only native member of the Delphinieae (syn. Aconiteae) is the endangered northern blue monkshood, which as Aconitum noveboracense is found in only Iowa, New York, Ohio, and Wisconsin. However, A. noveboracense has been found to be synonymous with Aconitum columbianum ssp. columbianum (Columbia monkshood), which is native to much of western North America.

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Delphinieaegenus Aconitum
Aconitum Monkshood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
ssp. columbianum Nutt.

1838. A. columbianum  Nutt.
1886. A. noveboracense  A.Gray
1929. A. noveboracense
   var.
quasiciliatum Fassett
1954. A. columbianum
   var.
bakeri (Greene) H.D.Harr.
1964. A. uncinatum
   ssp.
noveboracense Hardin
Northern blue monkshood,
Northern wild monkshood,
Northern monk's-hood,
New York monkshood,
Columbia monkshood

Aconit du Columbia
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1],
FWS: 1,
NYNHP: 1[2]
Flickr - brewbooks - Aconitum columbianum - Monkshood.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW-0Can
ARS 
FNA 
BNA 

Images, wsp

    
    
    
Wild monkshood,
Southern blue monkshood
Introduced,
N. America native
Aconitum uncinatum (southern blue monkshood) flower.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngAconitum-uncinatum01.jpg
Nymap.svg

NEW 


BNA 

Images, wsp
Garden monkshood,
Venus' chariot
Introduced
Aconitum napellus Pyrénées.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW Can




Images, wsp
Genus Delphinium[edit]

Although there are more than sixty Delphinium species that are native to North America, none are considered to be native to New York or New England, and none have been reported to have naturalized in New York.[1] The only naturalized Delphinium species in New England is Delphinium exaltatum,[2] which is native to an area that extends as far northeast as northeastern Ohio and southwestern Pennsylvania.[3] Delphinium exaltatum is also distribuded in New York in the "native plant" trade.[4]

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Delphinieaegenus Delphinium
Delphinium Larkspur N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
 Aiton

1786. Delphinium urceolatum  Jacq.
1789. Delphinium exaltatum  Aiton
1803. Delphinium tridactylum  Michx.
1830. Delphidium exaltatum  (Aiton) Raf.
1914. Delphinastrum exaltatum  (Aiton) Nieuwl.
Tall larkspur Introduced,
US South native,
No reports

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Delphinium exaltatum (16596995003).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Genus Consolida[edit]

Larkspurs (Consolida spp.) are annuals that are closely related to the perennial Delphiniums.

Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Delphinieaegenus Consolida
ConsolidaGray Larkspur N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) Schur

1753. Delphinium ajacis  L.
1853. Consolida ajacei  (L.) Schur
Doubtful knight's-spur,
Rocket larkspur,
Ajax' larkspur

Pied-d'alouette d'Ajax,
Dauphinelle d'Ajax
Introduced

Annual,
Herb-forb
Consolida ajacis detalle flor.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
 Gray

1753. Delphinium consolida  L.
1822. Consolida regalis  Gray
Royal larkspur,
Rocket larkspur,
Field larkspur,
Forking larkspur

Pied-d'alouette royal,
Dauphinelle consoude,
Pied d'alouette
Introduced

Annual,
Herb-forb
Consolida regalis 003.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp

Tribe Nigelleae[edit]

Genus Nigella[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Nigelleaegenus Nigella
Nigella Nigella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Nigella damascena  L.
Love-in-a-mist,
Devil-in-the-bush,
Jack-in-the-green,
Wild fennel,
Damascus hellebore

Nigelle de Damas
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

Annual,
Herb-forb
2007-10-25Nigella damascena 13.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 
IPN
Images, wsp

Tribe Helleboreae[edit]

The Helleboreae...[1]

Genus Helleborus[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Helleboreae
HelleborusL. Hellebore N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Helleborus niger  L
Black hellebore,
Christmas rose

Hellébore noire,
Rose de Noël
Introduced from
 Europe
2006-12-18Helleborus niger19.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X

ARS 

BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Helleborus viridis  L
Green hellebore Introduced from
 Europe
Helleborus viridis 003.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X

ARS 

BNA 

Images, wsp
  1. H. Sun, et al. (2001) "Molecular phylogeny of Helleborus (Ranunculaceae), with an emphasis on the East Asian-Mediterranean disjunction." Taxon 50:1001–1018.

Tribe Anemoneae[edit]

Genus Anemone[edit]

The grouping of Anemone used here is based on Hoot, Meyer & Manning (2012)[1]

Anemone subg. Anemonidium[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Anemoneaegenus Anemonesubg. Anemonidium
Anemonesect. Hepatica Hepatica N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 (DC.) G.Lawson

1813. Hepatica triloba var. acuta Pursh
1824. Hepatica acutiloba  DC.
1884. Anemone acutiloba  (DC.) G.Lawson
1891. Hepatica acuta  (Pursh) Britton
1960. Hepatica nobilis
   var.
acuta (Pursh) Steyerm.
Sharplobe hepatica,
American liverleaf,
Liverwort-herb,
Sharp-lobed hepatica
Native,
Secure
Anemone acutiloba 1226.jpg
Anemone acutiloba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (DC.) H.Hara

1814. Hepatica triloba var. obtusa Pursh
1817. Hepatica triloba var. americana DC.
1819. Hepatica americana  (DC.) Ker Gawl.
1882. Hepatica hepatica  (L.) H. Karst. p.p.
1958. Anemone americana  (DC.) H.Hara
1960. Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa Steyerm.
Round-lobed hepatica,
Blunt-lobed Hepatica,
Round-leaved liverleaf,
American liverleaf

Hépatique d'Amérique,
Anémone d'Amérique,
Hépatique noble
Native,
Secure
Round-lobed Hepatica (Hepatica nobilis) var. obtusa (Hepatica americana, Anemone americana).jpg
Anemone americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Anemonesect. Anemonidium Windflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 L.

1768. Anemone canadensis  L.
1892. Anemone dichotoma
   var.
canadensis C.MacMill.
1982. Anemonidium canadense
   Á.Löve & D.Löve
Canada anemone,
Canadian anemone,
Canada windflower,
Meadow anemone,
Meadow windflower,
Round-leaved anemone,
Round-leaved thimbleweed

Anémone du Canada
Native,
Secure
Anemone canadensis0.jpg
Anemone canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 
BNA 

Images, wsp
Anemone subg. Anemone[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Anemoneaegenus Anemonesubg. Anemone
Anemonesect. Anemonesubsect. Anemonanthea Anemone N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 L.
var. quinquefolia

1753. Anemone quinquefolia  L.
1808. Anemone pedata  Raf.
1813. Anemone nemorosa
   var.
quinquefolia (L.) Pursh
1923. Anemone quinquefolia
   var.
bifolia Farw.
1935. Anemone quinquefolia
   var.
interior Fernald
1968. Anemone nemorosa
   var.
bifolia (Farw.) B.Boivin
Wood anemone,
Nightcaps,
American wood anemone,
Wood windflower

Anémone à cinq folioles
Native,
Secure
Anemone quinquefolia - Wood Anemone 3.jpg
Anemone quinquefolia var quinquefolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Anemonesect. Anemonesubsect. Virginianae Anemone N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
Long-headed anemone,
Long-headed windflower,
Long-fruited anemone,
Candle anemone,
Thimbleweed,
Cottonweed

Anémone cylindrique
Native,
Secure
Anemone cylindrica - Flickr 003.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngAnemone cylindrica.jpg
Anemone cylindrica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 


Images, wsp
 L.
var. virginiana
Thimbleweed,
Tall anemone,
Tall thimbleweed,
Tall windflower,
Virginia anemone

Anémone de Virginie
Native,
Secure
Anemone virginiana 4262.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngAnemone virginiana 4673.jpg
Anemone virginiana var virginiana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 


Images, wsp
 L.
var. alba (Oakes) Wood

1841. Anemone cylindrica
   var.
alba Oakes
1847. Anemone virginiana
   var.
alba (Oakes) Wood
     Anemone riparia  Fernald
     Anemone virginiana
   var.
riparia (Fernald) B.Boivin
Thimbleweed,
Tall anemone,
Tall thimbleweed,
Riverbank anemone

Anémone blanche
Native,
Likely secure
Anemone virginiana 3016 4x3.jpg
Anemone virginiana var alba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 


Images, wsp
 L.
var. cylindroidea B.Boivin
Thimbleweed,
Tall anemone,
Tall thimbleweed,
Cylindrical anemone

Anémone cylindroïde
Native,
Vulnerable
Anemone virginiana 3007-3009.jpg
Anemone virginiana var cylindroidea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 


Images, wsp
 Poir.
var. multifida

Anemone globosa
Anemone hudsoniana
Hudson Bay anemone,
Hudson's anemone,
Pacific anemone,
Sanson's anemone
Native,
Likely extirpated
Anemone multifida.jpg
Anemone multifida var multifida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Clematis[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Anemoneaegenus Clematis
Clematis Leather-flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

1755. Clematis virginiana  L.
1768. Clematis canadensis  Miller
1814. Clematis holosericea  Pursh
1885. C. dioica ssp. virginiana Kunze
1901. Clematis missouriensis  Rydb.
1935. C. virginiana var. missouriensis
Virginia virgin's-bower,
Devil's darning needles,
Virginia clematis,
Virginia bower

Clématite de Virginie,
Herbe aux gueux
Native,
Secure
Clematis virginiana (1).jpg
Clematis virginiana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
(Hornem.) DC.
var. occidentalis

1805. Atragene americana  Sims
1815. Atragene occidentalis  Hornem.
1818. Clematis verticillaris  DC.
1824. Clematis occidentalis  DC.
1947. Clematis verticillaris
   var.
cacuminis Fernald
1968. Clematis verticillaris
   var.
grandiflora B.Boivin
Purple clematis,
Purple virgin’s-bower,
Western blue virginsbower,
Northern blue clematis

Clématite verticillée,
Atragène d'Amérique,
Clématite occidentale
Native,
Likely secure
Clematis occidentalis.jpg
Clematis occidentalis var occidentalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Aiton

1789. Clematis ochroleuca  Aiton
1903. Viorna ochroleuca  Small
1903. Viorna ovata  (Pursh) Small
1982. Coriflora ochroleuca  W.A.Weber
Curlyheads,
Curly-heads,
Silky leather-flower
Native,
Extirpated
Erect Silky Leather Flower Clematis ochroleuca Flower Closeup 2000px.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngErect Silky Leather Flower Clematis ochroleuca Flower Leaf 2000px.jpg
Clematis ochroleuca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0


FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 DC.
Japanese virgin's-bower,
Sweet autumn clematis,
Sweet autumn virginsbower,
Yam-leaved virgin's-bower,
Yam-leaved clematis
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[1],
Regulated[2]
Senninsou.JPG
Clematis terniflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
Ground virgin's-bower Introduced,
Rare
Clematis recta04.jpg
Clematis recta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
Italian leather flower,
Italian virgin's-bower
Introduced,
Rare
Clematis viticella3UME.jpg
Clematis viticella NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Tribe Ranunculeae[edit]

The Ranunculeae...

Basal genera[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaesubsect. Basal genera
Halerpestes Seaside crowfoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Pursh) Greene (1900)

Ranunculus cymbalaria Pursh (1814)
Cyrtorhyncha cymbalaria ssp. alpina
Alkali buttercup,
Seaside crowfoot,
Renoncule cymbalaire
Native,
Endangered
Halerpestes cymbalaria NRCS 4x3.jpg
NYFA-1
USDA-N


FNA 


Images, wsp
Ceratocephala Curveseed-butterwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

C. falcata
C. orthoceras
Ranunculus falcatus
R. testiculatus
Curve-seeded butterwort,
Bur buttercup,
Hornseed buttercup
Introduced
Ranunculus testiculatus 2005-04-02.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
Ficaria Celandine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
 Huds.
ssp. verna

1753. Ranunculus ficaria  L.
1762. Ficaria verna  Huds.
1882. Ficaria ficaria  H. Karst. nom. illeg.
1908. R. ficaria var. bulbifer Albert
1981. R. ficaria ssp. bulbifer Lambinon
Lesser celandine,
Fig buttercup,
Fig-crowfoot,
Pilewort
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86%[1],
Prohibited[2]
Ficaria verna.jpg
Ficaria verna ssp verna nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Genus Ranunculus[edit]
Ranunculus sect. Ranunculus[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaegenus Ranunculussect. Ranunculus
Ranunculussect. Ranunculus Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
 L.f.

1781. Ranunculus pensylvanicus  L.f.
Pennsylvania buttercup,
Bristly buttercup,
Bristly crowfoot

Renoncule de Pennsylvanie
Native,
Secure

NWI: OBL

Annual/Perennial,
Herb-forb
Ranunculus pensylvanicus NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 
IPN
Images, wsp
Poir. ex Lam.
var. recurvatus

1804. Ranunculus recurvatus
   Poir. ex Lam.

1929. Ranunculus recurvatus
   var.
adpressipilis Weath.
Blisterwort,
Hooked buttercup,
Hooked crowfoot,
Rough buttercup,
Little-leaved buttercup

Renoncule à bec recourbé
Native,
Secure
Ranunculus recurvatus NRCS-2.jpg
Ranunculus recurvatus var recurvatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
Muhl. ex Bigelow

     R. fascicularis  Muhl. ex Bigelow
Early buttercup,
Early crowfoot
Native,
Secure
Ranunculus fascicularis NRCS.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N





Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. caricetorum (Greene) T.Duncan

1903. Ranunculus caricetorum  Greene
1906. Ranunculus siciformis  Mack.
1936. Ranunculus septentrionalis
   var.
caricetorum Fernald
1980. Ranunculus hispidus
   var.
caricetorum T.Duncan
auct. R. septentrionalis non Poir.
Bristly buttercup,
Swamp buttercup,
Swamp crowfoot,
Northern swamp buttercup,
Marsh buttercup

Renoncule des cariçaies
Native,
Secure
Ranunculus caricetorum - Swamp Buttercup.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. hispidus

1803. Ranunculus hispidus  Michx.
1920. R. h. var. falsus Fernald
1941. R. h. var. eurylobus L.D.Benson
1948. R. h. var. greenmanii L.D.Benson
1948. R. h. var. marilandicus L.D.Benson
1948. R. h. var. typicus L.D.Benson
Bristly buttercup,
Hispid buttercup,
Rough buttercup,
Hispid crowfoot

Renoncule hispide
Native,
Secure

NWI: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Ranunculus hispidus var. hispidus WFNY-060B-4x5.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. nitidus (Muhl. ex Chapm.) T.Duncan

1804. Ranunculus septentrionalis  Poir.
1817. Ranunculus carolinianus  DC.
1821. Ranunculus palmatus  Elliott
1860. Ranunculus repens
   var.
nitidus Muhl. ex Chapm.
1860. Ranunculus septentrionalis
   var.
nitidus Chapm.
1941. Ranunculus septentrionalis
   var.
pterocarpus L.D.Benson
1980. Ranunculus hispidus
   var.
nitidus T. Duncan
Swamp buttercup,
Bristly buttercup,
Hispid buttercup

Renoncule brillante
Native,
Endangered
Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus (4642636450).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Tall butter-cup Introduced
20140324Ranunculus acris3.jpg
Ranunculus acris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N?





Images, wsp
Bulbous butter-cup,
St. Anthony's turnip
Introduced
Ranunculus bulbosus 003.JPG
Ranunculus bulbosus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
Creeping butter-cup Introduced
20150530Ranunculus repens2.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Ranunculus sect. Batrachium[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaegenus Ranunculussect. Batrachium
Ranunculussect. Batrachium White water-crowfoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Godr.

1786. R. trichophyllus  Chaix nom. nud.
auct. R. circinatus non Sibth. (1794)
1795. R. flaccidus  Pers.
1796. R. aquatilis var. diffusus With.
1823. R. amphibius  James
1839. R. longirostris  Godr.
1839. Batrachium circinatum  Spach
1844. B. longirostre  F.W.Schultz
1848. B. trichophyllum  F.W.Schultz
1869. B. flaccidum  (Pers.) Rupr.
1884. R. aquatilis
   var.
longirostris G.Lawson
1942. R. aquatilis
   var.
calvescens L.D.Benson
Eastern white water-crowfoot,
Longbeak buttercup,
Thread-leaved water buttercup,
Hair-leaved water buttercup

Renoncule à long bec,
Renoncule à feuilles capillaires,
Renoncule à feuilles chevelues,
Renoncule à lâche
Native,
Secure
Ranunculus longirostris WFNY-079A.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA 
IPN
Images, wsp
Ranunculus sect. Echinella[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaegenus Ranunculussect. Echinella
Ranunculussect. Echinella Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
Crowfoot Introduced
Ranunculus sardous.jpeg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Corn crowfoot,
Corn buttercup
Introduced
Ranunculus arvensis Enfoque Valderrepisa 2012-05-31 SierraMadrona.jpg
Ranunculus arvensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
 L.
Smallflower buttercup,
Small-flowered butter-cup
Introduced
Nsr-slika-035.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Ranunculus sect. Epirotes[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaegenus Ranunculussect. Epirotes
Ranunculussect. Epirotes Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
Kidney-leaved crowfoot,
Little-leaved buttercup
Native,
Secure
Ranunculus abortivus 003.jpg
Ranunculus abortivus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N





Images, wsp
Allegheny mountains crowfoot,
Allegheny Mountain buttercup
Native,
Likely secure
Ranunculus allegheniensis 1913.png
Ranunculus allegheniensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N





Images, wsp

  Nutt. ex Torrey & A.Gray
Small-flowered crowfoot,
Rock crowfoot,
Rock buttercup
Native,
Threatened
Ranunculus micranthus BB-1913.png
NYFA-3
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Ranunculus sect. Flammula[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaegenus Ranunculussect. Flammula
Ranunculus Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
 L.
var. reptans

R. flammula var. filiformis
R. filiformis Michx.
R. reptans L.
R. reptans var. filiformis
R. reptans var. intermedius
Greater creeping spearwort Native,
Secure
Ranunculus flammula var reptans - Sturm.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. ovalis

R. flammula var. flammula
R. flammula var. angustifolius
R. flammula var. genuinus
R. filiformis var. ovalis
R. reptans var. ovalis
Greater creeping spearwort Native,
Vulnerable
Ranunculus.flammula.-.lindsey.jpg
NYFA-3-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Ranunculus obtusiusculus Raf.
Water-plantain spearwort Native,
Likely secure
Ranunculus ambigens drawing.png
Ranunculus ambigens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Poir.

R. oblongifolius
R. pusillus var. angustifolius
R. tener
Low spearwort,
Pursh buttercup
Introduced,
Impersistent
Ranunculus pusillus NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Ranunculus sect. Hecatonia[edit]
Ranunculaceaesubfam. Ranunculoideaetribe Ranunculeaegenus Ranunculussect. Hecatonia
Ranunculussect. Hecatonia Buttercup N.Y. Status Images Distribution 23
 Raf.

Ranunculus delphiniifolius
Yellow water-crowfoot Native,
Secure
Ranunculus flabellaris 1.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. sceleratus
Cursed crowfoot,
Blisterwort
Introduced,
N. America native
Ranunculus sceleratus(02).jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX





Images, wsp

Family Papaveraceae[edit]

The Papaveraceae (poppy family)...

Subfamily Papaveroideae[edit]

Tribe Papavereae[edit]

Papaveraceaesubfam. Papaveroideaetribe Papavereae
Argemone Pricklypoppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
ssp. albiflora
White prickly-poppy,
Bluestem prickly-poppy,
Texas prickly-poppy
Introduced,
N. America native
Prickly poppy Argemone munita plant backlit.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Mexican prickly-poppy Introduced,
N. America native
Argemone mexicana flower 5.jpg
Argemone mexicana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NW





Images, wsp
Papaver Poppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.
Long pricklyhead poppy,
Pale rough-fruited poppy
Introduced
Papaver argemone 1.jpg
Papaver argemone NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Blindeyes,
Long-podded poppy,
Long-headed poppy
Introduced,
Rare
2009-09-18 (20) Red poppy, Klatschmohn.JPG
Papaver dubium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp
 Boiss. & Hausskn.
Tulip poppy Introduced,
Rare
Papaver glaucum (1).jpg
Papaver glaucum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 L.

Papaver pseudoorientale
Papaver pseudo-orientale
Oriental poppy Introduced,
Rare
Papaver orientale a1.jpg
Papaver orientale NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Common poppy,
Corn poppy,
Field poppy,
Flanders poppy
Introduced
2010-06-29 (32) Red poppy, Klatsch-Mohn, Papaver rhoeas.JPG
Papaver rhoeas NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
Opium poppy,
Common poppy
Introduced
Papaver somniferum 'Opium poppy' (Papaveraceae) flower.JPG
Papaver somniferum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp

Tribe Chelidonieae[edit]

Genus Sanguinaria[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Papaveroideaetribe Chelidonieaegenus Sanguinaria
Sanguinaria Bloodroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Sanguinaria canadensis  L.
1905. Sanguinaria australis  Greene
1905. Sanguinaria dilleniana  Greene
1909. Sanguinaria canadensis
   var.
rotundifolia (Greene) Fedde
Bloodroot,
Puccoon-root,
Red puccoon

Sanguinaire du Canada,
Sang-dragon
Native,
Likely secure
Bloodroot (4506078885).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
Genus Chelidonium[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Papaveroideaetribe Chelidonieaegenus Chelidonium
Chelidonium Celandine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
var. majus
Greater celandine Introduced
Chelidonium majus J1.JPG
Chelidonium majus var majus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus Macleaya[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Papaveroideaetribe Chelidonieaegenus Macleaya
Macleaya Plume poppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Willd.) R.Br.
Plume poppy Introduced
Macleaya cordata 3.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus Glaucium[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Papaveroideaetribe Chelidonieaegenus Glaucium
Glaucium Hornpoppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Crantz
Yellow hornpoppy,
Yellow horned-poppy
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 66%[1]
Glaucium flavum 2.JPG
Glaucium flavum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp
(L.) J.H.Rudolph
Blackspot hornpoppy Introduced,
Impersistent
Glaucium corniculatum flor.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Genus Stylophorum[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Papaveroideaetribe Chelidonieaegenus Stylophorum
Stylophorum Celandine-poppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0

1803. Chelidonium diphyllum  Michx.
1818. Stylophorum diphyllum  (Michx.) Nutt.
Celandine-poppy,
Wood-poppy
Introduced,
N. America native,
Cultivated only
Stylophorum diphyllum - woodland poppy - desc-flower open.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0

ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Tribe Eschscholtzieae[edit]

Papaveraceaesubfam. Papaveroideaetribe Eschscholtzieae
Eschscholzia California-poppy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Cham.
ssp. californica

Eschscholzia procera Greene
California poppy Introduced,
N. America native
California poppy (Eschscholzia californica) - 7.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX





Images, wsp

Subfamily Fumarioideae[edit]

Tribe Fumarieae[edit]

Subtribe Corydalineae[edit]
Genus Dicentra[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Fumarioideaetribe Fumarieaesubtr. Corydalineaegenus Dicentra
Dicentra Bleeding-heart N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 (Goldie) Walp.

1822. Corydalis canadensis  Goldie
1842. Dicentra canadensis  (Goldie) Walp.
1892. Bicuculla canadensis  (Goldie) Millsp.
Squirrel-corn,
Turkey-corn

Dicentre du Canada
Native,
Secure
Dicentra canadensis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 (L.) Bernh.

1753. Fumaria cucullaria  L.
1806. Corydalis cucullaria  (L.) Pers.
1833. Dicentra cucullaria  (L.) Bernh.
1892. Bicuculla cucullaria  (L.) Millsp.
1912. Dicentra occidentalis  (Rydb.) Fedde
Dutchman's breeches,
Turkey-corn,
Dicentre à capuchon
Native,
Secure
Dicentra cucullaria Flowers.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 (Ker Gawl.) Torr.

1815. Fumaria eximia  Ker Gawl.
1843. Dicentra eximia  (Ker Gawl.) Torr.
Wild bleeding-heart,
Eastern bleeding-heart,
Turkey corn,
Staggerweed
Introduced,
N. America native
Dicentra eximia0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Genus Lamprocapnos[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Fumarioideaetribe Fumarieaesubtr. Corydalineaegenus Lamprocapnos
Lamprocapnos Bleeding-heart N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Fukuhara 1997

1753. Fumaria spectabilis L.
1831. Diclytra spectabilis (L.) DC.
1847. Dicentra spectabilis (L.) Lem.
1997. Lamprocapnos spectabilis
Bleeding-heart,
Asian bleeding-heart,
Common bleedinghearts
Introduced,
Asia native
Fleurs de printemps "Coeur de Marie" (4544804133).jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
Genus Adlumia[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Fumarioideaetribe Fumarieaesubtr. Corydalineaegenus Adlumia
Adlumia Adlumia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Aiton) Greene
ex Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 1888

1789. Fumaria fungosa Aiton
1803. Fumaria recta Michx.
1808. Fumaria cirrhosa Raf.
1888. Adlumia fungosa Greene ex BSP
1891. Bicuculla fungosa Kuntze
Allegheny vine,
Climbing fumitory,
Mountain-fringe,
Woodfringe,
Canary vine

Adlumie fongueuse
Native,
Likely secure
Adlumia fungosa-IMG 9181.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Genus Capnoides[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Fumarioideaetribe Fumarieaesubtr. Corydalineaegenus Capnoides
Capnoides Harlequin N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Borkh.

1753. Fumaria sempervirens  L.
1797. Capnoides sempervirens  Borkh.
1806. Corydalis sempervirens  Pers.
1813. Corydalis glauca  Pursh
Pink corydalis,
Pale corydalis,
Rock harlequin,
Harlequin-flower
Native,
Likely secure
Pink Corydalis.jpg
Capnoides sempervirens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Genus Corydalis[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Fumarioideaetribe Fumarieaesubtr. Corydalineaegenus Corydalis
Corydalis Fumewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Raf.) DC. 1824

1808. Fumaria flavula Raf.
1824. Corydalis flavula DC.
1891. Capnoides flavula Kuntze
Yellow corydalis,
Yellow fumewort
Native,
Vulnerable
Corydalis flavula - Yellow Fumewort.jpg
Corydalis flavula NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
ssp. aurea
Golden corydalis,
Scrambled eggs
Native,
Threatened
Corydalis aurea 3.jpg
Corydalis aurea ssp aurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (Thunb.) Pers.
Purple keman Introduced,
Rare
Corydalis incisa 01.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-00





Images, wsp
Subtribe Fumariineae[edit]
Papaveraceaesubfam. Fumarioideaetribe Fumariineae
Fumaria Fumitory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Fumaria officinalis  L.
Common Fumitory,
Drug fumitory,
Earth smoke,
Wax dolls

Fumeterre officinal
Introduced,
from Eurasia,
northern Africa
Fumaria officinalis 2601.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Pseudofumaria Rock fumitory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Borkh.

1771. Fumaria lutea  L.
1790. Capnoides luteum  Gaertn.
1797. Pseudofumaria lutea  Borkh.
1805. Corydalis lutea  DC.
Rock fumewort,
Yellow corydalis,
Rock corydalis,
Rock fumitory
Introduced
Corydalis lutea J1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp