Flora of New York/Myrtales

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Geraniales
Geraniaceae
Flora of New York — Myrtales
Crossosomatales, Sapindales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Myrtales ...

Family Onagraceae[edit]

The Onagraceae (willowherb or evening primrose family)...

Subfamily Ludwigioideae[edit]

Genus Ludwigia[edit]

Ludwigia sect. Isnardia[edit]

Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Ludwigioideae - genus Ludwigia - sect. Isnardia
Ludwigiasect. Isnardia Primrose-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 (L.) Elliott

1753. Isnardia palustris L.
1803. Ludwigia nitida Michx.
1813. I. nitida (Michx.) Poir.
1817. L. palustris (L.) Elliott
1935. L. palustris var. americana
1836. I. ascendens J.Hall
Water purslane,
Marsh seedbox,
Marsh primrose-willow,
Marsh purslane,
Water false loosestrife
Ludwigie palustre,
Ludwigie des marais
N.Y. native,
CoC: 4,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun
Starr 070515-7067 Ludwigia palustris.jpg
Ludwigia palustris nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Ludwigiasect. Isnardia (excluded taxa) Primrose-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Short & R.Peter

    
    
    
Many-fruit seedbox

N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Ludwigia polycarpa.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
Can





Images, wsp

Ludwigia sect. Ludwigia[edit]

Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Ludwigioideae - genus Ludwigia - sect. Ludwigia
Ludwigiasect. Ludwigia Primrose-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.

1753. Ludwigia alternifolia L.
1828. Isnardia alternifolia (L.) DC.
    
Bushy seedbox,
Rattlebox,
Seedbox,
Square-pod
  water-primrose
Ludwigie à
  feuilles alternes
N.Y. native,
CoC: 6,
Likely secure

OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Ludwigia alternifolia - Squarepod waterprimrose.jpg
Ludwigia alternifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Ludwigia sect. Microcarpium[edit]

Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Ludwigioideae - genus Ludwigia - sect. Microcarpium
Ludwigiasect. Microcarpium Primrose-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Elliott

1817. Ludwigia sphaerocarpa Elliott
1828. Isnardia sphaerocarpa (Elliott) DC.
1935. L. sphaerocarpa var. deamii
1935. L. sphaerocarpa var. jungens
1935. L. sphaerocarpa var. macrocarpa
Globe-fruited
  false-loosestrife,
Globefruit
  primrose-willow,
Round-pod
  water-primrose
N.Y. native,
CoC: 9,
Threatened

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Ludwigia sphaerocarpa AWP-SW.png
Ludwigia sphaerocarpa nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0

ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Ludwigia sect. Oligospermum[edit]

Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Ludwigioideae - genus Ludwigia - sect. Oligospermum
Ludwigiasect. Oligospermum Primrose-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
(Hook. & Arn.)
Zardini, H.Y.Gu & P.H.Raven

1833. Jussiaea hexapetala
Hook. & Arn.
1991. L. hexapetala (Hook. & Arn.)
Zardini, H.Y.Gu & P.H.Raven
2000. L. grandiflora ssp. hexapetala
2012. L. grandiflora var. hexapetala
 auct. L. uruguayensis pp.
non (Cambess.) H.Hara
Common water-primrose,
Uruguayan
  primrose-willow,
Uraguay waterprimrose,
Water-primrose,
Large-flower
  primrose-willow
Introduced from
 South America,
 Southern U.S.,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 88%[1],
Prohibited[2]

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-subshrub
Ludwigia grandiflora saint-mathurin-sur-loire 49 10082007 4.JPG
Ludwigia hexapetala nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW-0
ARS ITIS
Trop.


CABI 
Images, wsp
(Kunth) P.H.Raven
ssp. glabrescens

    
1963. L. peploides var. glabrescens
1866. Jussiaea repens var. peploides
 auct. Jussiaea diffusa
Floating primrose-willow,
Floating seedbox,
Clovestrip,
Creeping water-primrose
Introduced from
 South America,
 Southern U.S.,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 89%[3],
Prohibited[2]

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Ludwigia peploides Prague 2012 3.jpg
Ludwigia peploides ssp glabrescens nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
Trop.


CABI 
Images, wsp
Ludwigiasect. Oligospermum (excluded taxa) Primrose-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(Michx.) Greuter & Burdet

1830. Jussiaea uruguayensis
Cambess.
1953. L. uruguayensis
(Cambess.) H. Hara
1987. L. grandiflora
(Michx.) Greuter & Burdet
    
Large-flower
primrose-willow

Introduced from
 South America,
 Southern U.S.,
N.Y. excluded
Ludwigia grandiflora saint-mathurin-sur-loire 49 10082007 5.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X

ARS 



CABI 
Images, wsp
ssp. peploides

    
    
    
Floating primrose-willow
Water primrose

N. America native
 southwest,
N.Y. excluded
Ludwigia peploides peploides-5.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0





CABI 
Images, wsp

Subfamily Onagroideae[edit]

Tribe Circaeeae[edit]

Genus Circaea[edit]

Circaea (Enchanter's-nightshade) [1]

Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Circaeeae - genus Circaea
Circaea Enchanter's-nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (L.) Hill

1753. C. lutetiana var. canadensis
1756. C. latifolia Hill (i)
1765. C. canadensis (L.) Hill
1870. C. lutetiana ssp. canadensis
1939. C. quadrisulcata var. canadensis
1945. C. canadensis var. virginiana
1982. C. quadrisulcata ssp. canadensis
2005. C. canadensis ssp. canadensis
Eastern
  enchanter's nightshade,
Broadleaf
  enchanter's nightshade,
Broad-leaved
  enchanter's nightshade,
Canada
  enchanter's nightshade
Circée du Canada,
Circée de Lutèce
N.Y. native,
CoC: 5,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Part shade
Circaea lutetiana ssp canadensis 001.jpg
Circaea canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. alpina

1753. Circaea alpina L.
1841. C. lutetiana var. alpina
1898. C. lutetiana ssp. alpina
1912. C. caulescens race alpina
1934. C. caulescens var. glabra
1934. C. caulescens var. rosulata
1934. C. caulescens fo. ramosissima
Dwarf
  enchanter's nightshade,
Northern
  enchanter's nightshade,
Small
  enchanter's nightshade
Circée alpine,
Circée des Alpes
N.Y. native,
CoC: 8,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Circaea alpina kz.jpg
Circaea alpina nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Boufford

Circaea alpina ×
Circaea canadensis

2005. Circaea ×‌ sterilis Boufford
 auct. C. × intermedianon Ehrh.
 auct. C. canadensis sensu Fernald
Sterile
enchanter's-nightshade
Intermediate
enchanter's nightshade

Circée de Fernald
Circée intermédiaire
N.Y. native,
Threatened
Ny hybrid.svg
Circaea × sterilis nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N
NEW Can

Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Circaea (excluded taxa) Enchanter's-nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Ehrh. (pro. sp.)

Circaea alpina ssp. alpina ×
Circaea lutetiana

1789. Circaea intermedia Ehrh.
1806. C. lutetiana var. intermedia
1828. C. alpina var. intermedia
1901. C. lutetiana ssp. intermedia
 auct. C. canadensis sensu Fernald
Intermediate
enchanter's-nightshade
Enchanter's-nightshade

N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

FACU
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
  1. David Edward Boufford (2005) "Circaea lutetiana sensu lato (Onagraceae) reconsidered." Harvard Papers in Botany 9(2):255-256.

Tribe Epilobieae[edit]

Genus Chamaenerion[edit]
Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Epilobieae - genus Chamaenerion
Chamaenerion Fireweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Scop.
ssp. circumvagum
(Mosquin) Moldenke

1847. Epilobium angustifolium
var. canescens
1966. Epilobium angustifolium
ssp. circumvagum
1973. Chamaenerion angustifolium
ssp. circumvagum
1999. Chamerion angustifolium
ssp. circumvagum
Fireweed
Narrow-leaved fireweed
Wandering fireweed

Épilobe vagabond
N.Y. native,
Secure
Fireweed plant in the Yukon.jpg
Chamerion angustifolium ssp circumvagum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Chamaenerion (excluded taxa) Fireweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(L.) Scop.
ssp. angustifolium

1753. Epilobium angustifolium L.
1771. Chamaenerion angustifolium
(L.) Scop.
1778. Epilobium spicatum Lam.
1821. Chamaenerion spicatum
(Lam.) Gray
1916. Pyrogennema angustifolium
(L.) Lunell
1972. Chamerion angustifolium
(L.) Holub
Fireweed
Narrow-leaved fireweed

Épilobe à feuilles étroites
Herbe-à-feu
Asperge
Bouquets rouges
Épilobe en épi
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Fireweed flowers (3283299468).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
Genus Epilobium[edit]

Plants of the genus Epilobium often go by the common name willowherb because of their willow-shaped leaves and herbaceous habits.

Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Epilobieae - genus Epilobium
Epilobiumsect. Epilobium Willowherb N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 Biehler

1807. Epilobium coloratum Biehler
Eastern willow-herb,
Purpleleaf willowherb,
Purple-veined willowherb,
Cinnamon willow-herb,
Willowweed
Épilobe coloré
N.Y. native,
CoC: 2,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium coloratum NRCS-1-4x3.jpg
Epilobium coloratum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Raf.
ssp. ciliatum

1808. Epilobium ciliatum Raf.
1879. E. adenocaulon Hausskn.
1879. E. chilense Hausskn.
1879. E. valdiviense Hausskn.
Fringed willow-herb,
Northern willow-herb,
Hairy willow-herb,
American willow-herb,
Coast willowweed
Épilobe cilié
N.Y. native,
CoC: 3,
Secure

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium ciliatum 3691.jpg
Epilobium ciliatum ssp ciliatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Ugente

E. ciliatum ssp. ciliatum ×
E. coloratum

    E. × wisconsinense Ugente
    
    
Wisconsin
  hybrid willow-herb,
Wisconsin willow-herb,
Hybrid of
 Fringed willow-herb &
 Eastern willow-herb
Épilobe du Wisconsin
N.Y. native,
unranked

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
Can
ITIS




Images, wsp
 Raf.

1813. E. rosmarinifolium Pursh
1814. E. leptophyllum Raf.
1918. E. densum var. nesophilum
1925. E. nesophilum Fernald
1966. E. palustre var. sabulonense
1988. E. palustre var. gracile
Bog willowherb,
Linearleaf willowherb,
Linear-leaved willow-herb,
Narrow-leaved willowherb
Épilobe leptophylle,
Épilobe à feuilles étroites
N.Y. native,
CoC: 7,
Secure

OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium leptophyllum NRCS-1-4x3.jpg
Epilobium leptophyllum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Muhl. ex Spreng.

1813. Epilobium strictum Muhl.
1814. E. densum Raf.
1825. E. strictum Muhl. ex Spreng.
Downy willow-herb,
Northeastern willowherb,
Soft willowherb
Épilobe dressé,
Épilobe étroite
N.Y. native,
CoC: 8,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium strictum BB-1913.png
Epilobium strictum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Epilobium palustre L.
1771. Chamaenerion palustre Scop.
1803. E. oliganthum Michx.
1813. E. lineare Muhl. illeg.
1900. E. wyomingense A.Nelson
1925. E. pylaieanum Fernald
Marsh willow-herb,
Swamp willowherb
Épilobe palustre,
Épilobe des marais
N.Y. native,
CoC: 7,
Likely secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium palustre behaarung.jpeg
Epilobium palustre NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Rchb.
ssp. hornemannii

1810. E. nutans Hornem. illeg.
1824. E. hornemannii Rchb.
1827. E. alpinum var. nutans
1879. E. bongardii Hausskn.
1887. E. alsineifolium var. hornemannii
1900. E. foucaudianum H.Lév.
1918. E. steckerianum Fernald
Hornemann's willowherb,
Alpine willow-herb
Épilobe de Hornemann,
Épilobe d'Hornemann
N.Y. native,
CoC: 10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium hornemannii BB-1913.png
Epilobium hornemannii ssp hornemannii nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Epilobium hirsutum L.
Great hairy willow-herb
Great willow-herb
Hairy willow herb
Hairy willowherb
Hairy willow-herb
Hairy willow-weed
Codlins and cream
Fireweed
Willow-herb

Épilobe hirsute
Épilobe hérissé
Introduced from
 Eurasia, Africa,
Invasive,
NYIS: 63%[2]

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium hirsutum (1).jpg
Epilobium hirsutum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Schreb.

1771. Chamaenerion parviflorum
Schreb.
1771. E. parviflorum Schreb.
1778. E. molle Lam. non Torr.
Smallflower
  hairy willowherb,
Hoary willowherb
Épilobe à petites fleurs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium parviflorum 0.9 R.jpg
Epilobium parviflorum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 


Images, wsp
Epilobiumsect. Epilobium (excluded taxa) Willowherb N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Raf.
ssp. glandulosum
(Lehm.) Hoch & P.H.Raven

    E. glandulosum Lehm.
    E. glandulosum
var. cardiophyllum
    E. ciliatum ssp. glandulosum
Glandualar willowherb
Fringed willowherb
American willowherb

Épilobe glanduleux
Épilobe glanduleuse
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Epilobium ciliatum ssp glandulosum NRCS-01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 


IPN 

Images, wsp
Lam.

1753. E. alpinum L. (i)
1786. E. anagallidifolium Lam.
1906. E. dielsii H.Lév.
1911. E. nakahararum Nakai (i)
Pimpernel willowherb
Pimpernel willow-herb
Alpine willowherb
Alpine willowweed

Épilobe à feuilles de mouron
Épilobe à feuilles d'anagallide
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Vallée du Marcadau 18.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2016. Online Conservation Guide for Epilobium hornemannii ssp. hornemannii. Endangered, S1/G5T5.
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentEpilobium hirsutum: High (63). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Tribe Onagreae[edit]

Genus Oenothera[edit]

Oenothera is represented by about 15 species of sundrops and evening primroses in New York. Here it is broken down into sections and subsections, according to the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada (VASCAN).

Oenothera sect. Kneiffia[edit]
Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Onagreae - genus Oenothera - sect. Kneiffia
Oenotherasect. Kneiffia Sundrops N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1759. Oenothera perennis L.
1762. Oenothera pumila L.
1835. Kneiffia pumila (L.) Spach
1836. Oenothera gracilis Schrad.
ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
1919. Kneiffia perennis (L.) Pennell
Small sundrops,
Little evening primrose,
Perennial evening primrose,
Perennial sundrops,
Small evening primrose,
Sundrops
Onagre vivace,
Onagre pérennante
N.Y. native,
CoC: 2,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Oenothera perennis (4252101042).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. tetragona (Roth) W.L. Wagner

1800. Oenothera tetragona Roth
1803. Oenothera glauca Michx.
1835. Kneiffia glauca (Michx.) Spach
1919. Kneiffia tetragona (Roth) Pennell
2014. O. fruticosa ssp. tetragona
Northern sundrops,
Shrubby evening primrose,
Narrow-leaved sundrops,
Narrowleaf evening primrose
Onagre tétragone
N.Y. native,
CoC: 10,
Likely secure

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Oenothera fructicosa subsp glauca 2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
ssp. fruticosa

1753. Oenothera fruticosa L.
1835. Kneiffia suffruticosa Spach (i)
1893. K. fruticosa (L.) Spach ex Raim.
Narrow-leaved sundrops,
Narrowleaf evening primrose
N.Y. native,
CoC: 7,
Vulnerable

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Oenothera fruticosa FWS-01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Raf.
ssp. pilosella

1820. Oenothera pilosella Raf.
1894. Kneiffia fruticosa var. pilosella
1903. Kneiffia pratensis Small
1908. Oenothera pratensis B.L.Rob.
Prairie sundrops,
Meadow sundrops,
Meadow evening primrose,
Prairie evening primrose,
Pilose evening primrose,
Finely-pilose evening primrose
Onagre piloselle
N.Y. native,
CoC: 2,
Unranked

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Oenothera pilosella NRCS-02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Oenothera subsect. Oenothera[edit]
Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Onagreae - genus Oenothera - sect. Oenothera - subsect. Oenothera
Oenotherasect. Oenotherasubsect. Oenothera Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1753. Oenothera biennis L.
    Oe. muricata L.
    Onagra biennis (L.) Scop.
    Oe. pycnocarpa G.F.Atk.& Bartlett
Common evening-primrose N.Y. native,
CoC: 1,
Secure
20160729Oenothera biennis2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Oakes' evening-primrose N.Y. native,
CoC: 1,
Threatened
Gelbe Dünennachtkerze.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp

Redsepal evening-primrose,
Showy evening-primrose
Introduced
Floare galbena bgiu.jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
ssp. villosa

Hairy evening-primrose Introduced
Oenothera villosa (4941688651).jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
Oenotherasect. Oenotherasubsect. Oenothera (excluded taxa) Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Kunth
ssp. hirsutissima
(A.Gray ex S.Watson) W.Dietr.

1873. Oe. biennis var. hirsutissima
1983. Oe. elata ssp. hirsutissima
    
Hooker's evening primrose

N. America native
 western N. America,
N.Y. excluded
Oenothera elata hookeri 2.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0
Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Oenothera subsect. Raimannia[edit]
Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Onagreae - genus Oenothera - sect. Oenothera - subsect. Raimannia
Oenotherasect. Oenotherasubsect. Raimannia Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

Northern evening-primrose N.Y. native,
CoC: 0,
Secure
Oenothera parviflora close up flower.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 Hill (1767)

Cutleaf evening primrose,
Cut-leaf evening-primrose,
Cut-leaved evening-primrose
N.Y. native,
CoC: 1,
Endangered
Starr 080604-5890 Oenothera laciniata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NX

ARS 




Images, wsp

Showy evening-primrose Introduced
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Oenothera subsect. Candela[edit]
Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Onagreae - genus Oenothera - sect. Oenothera - subsect. Candela
Oenotherasect. Oenotherasubsect. Candela Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15

Fourpoint evening-primrose Introduced,
N. America native
Oenothera rhombipetala FWS-01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Cleland's evening-primrose Introduced
Oclelandii.jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Kleinia[edit]
Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Onagreae - genus Oenothera - sect. Kleinia
Oenotherasect. Kleinia Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Pursh

1813. Oenothera albicaulis Pursh
1835. Agnora pinnatifida (Nutt.) Spach
1894. Anogra albicaulis (Pursh) Britton
Whitest evening-primrose,
Prairie evening-primrose
Introduced from
 western US,
N. America native

Annual,
Herb-forb
Oenothera albicaulis NPS-01a.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW-0Can-0
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Lavauxia[edit]
Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Onagreae - genus Oenothera - sect. Lavauxia
Oenotherasect. Lavauxiasubsect. Lavauxia Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15

Stemless evening-primrose Introduced from
 southern US,
N. America native
Oenothera triloba.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Megapterium[edit]
Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Onagreae - genus Oenothera - sect. Megapterium
Oenotherasect. Megapterium Sundrops N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Nutt.

1813. Oenothera macrocarpa Nutt.
1813. Oenothera missouriensis Sims
Ozark sundrops Introduced,
N. America native,
No reports
Oenothera macrocarpa RB2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Hartmannia[edit]
Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Onagreae - genus Oenothera - sect. Hartmannia
Oenotherasect. Hartmannia Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15

Showy primrose Introduced,
N. America native,
No reports
Oenothera speciosa Siskiyou B.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Oenothera, sect. Gaura[edit]

Most of the genus Gaura was transferred to Oenothera sect. Gaura in 2007.[1]

Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Onagreae - genus Oenothera - sect. Gaura
Oenotherasect. Gaurasubsect. Gaura Beeblossom N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
W.L.Wagner & Hoch

1753. Gaura biennis L.
2007. Oenothera gaura
W.L.Wagner & Hoch
Biennial beeblossom,
Biennial gaura
Gaura bisannuel,
Gaura bisannuelle
Introduced,
N. America native
Oenothera gaura NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
(Small) W.L.Wagner & Hoch

1835. Gaura longiflora Spach
1840. Gaura biennis var. pitcheri
1898. Gaura filiformis Small
2007. Oenothera filiformis
W.L.Wagner & Hoch
Longflower beeblossom,
Long-flowered gaura,
Large-flower gaura
Gaura à fleurs longues
Introduced from
 Midwest,
N. America native
Oenothera filiformis HXC002635.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
Oenotherasect. Gaurasubsect. Campogaura Beeblossom N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Ser.) W.L.Wagner & Hoch

Nutt. ex Pursh
1816. Gaura odorata Sessé ex Lag.
1828. Gaura suffrutescens Ser.
2007. Oenothera suffrutescens
W.L.Wagner & Hoch
Scarlet beeblossom,
Scarlet gaura,
Scarlet butterfly plant,
Wild honeysuckle
Gaura écarlate
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Gaura coccinea 6.jpg
Oenothera suffrutescens nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
NEW-0Can
ARS 

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Oenotherasect. Gaurasubsect. Stipogaura (excluded taxa) Beeblossom N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
W.L.Wagner & Hoch

1828. Gaura sinuata Nutt. ex Ser.
2007. O. sinuosa W.L.Wagner & Hoch
    
Wavyleaf beeblossom
Wavyleaf gaura

N. America native
 southern U.S.
 Mexico,
N.Y. excluded
Oenothera sinuosa NPS-01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Genus Camissonia[edit]
Myrtales - fam. Onagraceae - subfam. Onagroideae - trib. Onagreae - genus Camissonia
CamissoniaLink (excluded taxa) Sundrops N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(Douglas) Kearney

1832. Oenothera contorta Douglas (i)
1894. C. contorta (Douglas) Kearney
    
Plains evening primrose

N. America native
 western N.Am.,
N.Y. excluded
JEPS109345 Camissonia contorta (5554012778).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp

Family Lythraceae[edit]

The Lythraceae (loosestrife or pomegranate family)...[1][2]

Subfamily Lagerstroemioideae[edit]

Genus Trapa[edit]

Myrtales - fam. Lythraceae - subfam. Lagerstroemioideae - genus Trapa
Trapa Water chestnut N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Trapa natans L.
1815. Trapa bispinosa Roxb.
1897. Trapa natans var. bispinosa
Water chestnut,
European water chestnut,
Water caltrop,
Singhara nut,
Jesuit's-nut
Châtaigne d'eau,
Macre
Introduced from
 Eurasia, Africa,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 82%[3],
NE-1[4]

Annual,
Herb-forb
Trapa natans Prague 2012 1.jpg
Trapa natans nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Punicoideae[edit]

Genus Cuphea[edit]
Myrtales - fam. Lythraceae - subfam. Punicoideae - genus Cuphea
Cuphea Waxweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Jacq.

1753. Lythrum petiolatum L.
1772. Cuphea viscosissima Jacq.
1881. Cuphea petiolata (L.) Koehne
1894. Parsonsia petiolata (L.) Rusby
Blue waxweed,
Clammy waxweed,
Clammy cuphea,
Tarweed
Cuphéa visqueux,
Cuphéa
N.Y. native,
CoC: 1,
Likely secure

FAC-FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
Cuphea viscosissima-IMG 4223.jpg
Cuphea viscosissima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS


LBJ

Images, wsp
Genus Rotala[edit]
Myrtales - fam. Lythraceae - subfam. Punicoideae - genus Rotala
Rotala Rotala N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Koehne

Lowland rotala,
Toothcup
N.Y. native,
Threatened
Rotala ramosior NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp

Subfamily Lythroideae[edit]

The Lythroideae contains plants commonly known as loosestrife. This includes not only the widespread and highly invasive purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), but also three loosestrifes that are native to New York.

Genus Decodon[edit]

Myrtales - fam. Lythraceae - subfam. Lythroideae - genus Decodon
Decodon Swamp loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Elliott

1753. Lythrum verticillatum L.
1821. D. verticillatus (L.) Elliott
1823. Nesaea verticillata (L.) Kunth
Waterwillow,
Swamp loosestrife,
Hairy swamp loosestrife,
Swamp willowherb,
Water oleander,
Whorled loosestrife
Décodon verticillé,
Décodent verticillé
N.Y. native,
CoC: 7,
Secure

OBL
Decodon verticillatus flower.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp

Genus Lythrum[edit]

Myrtales - fam. Lythraceae - subfam. Lythroideae - genus Lythrum
Lythrum Loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Pursh
var. alatum

Winged loosestrife,
Winged lythrum
N.Y. native,
Secure
Winged Loosestrife (Lythrum alatum) (5766002391).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

Narrow loosestrife,
Saltmarsh loosestife,
Wand lythrum
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Lythrum lineare NRCS-001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

1753. Lythrum salicaria L.
1768. Lythrum tomentosum Mill
1813. L. salicaria var. tomentosum DC.
    L. salicaria var. gracilior Turcz.
1828. L. salicaria var. vulgare DC.
Purple loosestrife,
Spiked loosestrife
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 91%[1],
NE-1[2]
Blutweiderich 0507241.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Hyssop loosestrife Introduced
Lythrum hyssopifolia Enfoque 2010-6-06 SierraMadrona.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-LYHY3






Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLythrum salicaria: Very high (91).
  2. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Melastomataceae[edit]

Subamily Melastomatoideae[edit]

Tribe Melastomateae[edit]

Myrtales - fam. Melastomataceae - subfam. Melastomatoideae - trib. Melastomateae
Rhexia Meadowbeauty N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Rhexia virginica L.
    
    
Virginia meadow-beauty,
Handsome Harry
N.Y. native,
CoC: 10,
Likely secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
Rhexia virginica.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 


NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. mariana

1753. Rhexia mariana L.
    
    
Maryland meadow-beauty,
Maryland meadowbeauty
N.Y. native,
CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated,
Impersistent

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Pale Meadow Beauty (Rhexia mariana) (7339568326).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Zm
USDA-N0

ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp

References[edit]