Flora of New York/Myrtales

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Linales… Geraniales
Flora of New York — Myrtales
Crossosomatales, Sapindales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Myrtales ...

Family Onagraceae[edit]

The Onagraceae (willowherb or evening primrose family)...

Subfamily Ludwigioideae[edit]

Genus Ludwigia[edit]

Myrtales – fam. Onagraceae – subfam. Ludwigioideae – genus Ludwigia
Ludwigiasect. Isnardia Primrose-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 (L.) Elliott

1753. Isnardia palustris L.
1803. Ludwigia nitida Michx.
1813. I. nitida (Michx.) Poir.
1817. L. palustris (L.) Elliott
1935. L. palustris var. americana
1836. I. ascendens J.Hall
Water purslane,
Marsh seedbox,
Marsh primrose-willow,
Marsh purslane,
Water false loosestrife

Ludwigie palustre,
Ludwigie des marais
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun
Starr 070515-7067 Ludwigia palustris.jpg
Ludwigia palustris nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Ludwigiasect. Ludwigia Primrose-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.

1753. Ludwigia alternifolia L.
1828. Isnardia alternifolia (L.) DC.
    
Bushy seedbox,
Rattlebox,
Seedbox,
Square-pod
  water-primrose

Ludwigie à
  feuilles alternes
Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure

WL: OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Ludwigia alternifolia - Squarepod waterprimrose.jpg
Ludwigia alternifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Ludwigiasect. Microcarpium Primrose-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Elliott

1817. Ludwigia sphaerocarpa Elliott
1828. Isnardia sphaerocarpa (Elliott) DC.
1935. L. sphaerocarpa var. deamii
1935. L. sphaerocarpa var. jungens
1935. L. sphaerocarpa var. macrocarpa
Globe-fruited
  false-loosestrife,
Globefruit
  primrose-willow,
Round-pod
  water-primrose
Native, CoC: 9,
Threatened

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Ludwigia sphaerocarpa AWP-SW.png
Ludwigia sphaerocarpa nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0

ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Ludwigiasect. Oligospermum Primrose-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 (Hook. & Arn.)
Zardini, H.Y.Gu & P.H.Raven

1833. Jussiaea hexapetala Hook. & Arn.
1991. L. hexapetala
Zardini, H.Y.Gu & P.H.Raven (Hook. & Arn.)
2000. L. grandiflora ssp. hexapetala
2012. L. grandiflora var. hexapetala
 auct. L. uruguayensis pp.
non (Cambess.) H.Hara
Common water-primrose,
Uruguayan
  primrose-willow,
Uraguay waterprimrose,
Water-primrose,
Large-flower
  primrose-willow
Introduced from
 South America,
 Southern U.S.,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 88%[1],
Prohibited[2]

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-subshrub
Ludwigia grandiflora saint-mathurin-sur-loire 49 10082007 4.JPG
Ludwigia hexapetala nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW-0
ARS ITIS
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Images, wsp
(Kunth) P.H.Raven
ssp. glabrescens

    
1963. L. peploides var. glabrescens
1866. Jussiaea repens var. peploides
 auct. Jussiaea diffusa
Floating primrose-willow,
Floating seedbox,
Clovestrip,
Creeping water-primrose
Introduced from
 South America,
 Southern U.S.,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 89%[3],
Prohibited[2]

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Ludwigia peploides Prague 2012 3.jpg
Ludwigia peploides ssp glabrescens nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Onagroideae[edit]

Tribe Circaeeae[edit]

Genus Circaea[edit]

Circaea (Enchanter's-nightshade) [1]

Myrtales – fam. Onagraceae – subfam. Onagroideae – tribe Circaeeae – genus Circaea
Circaea Enchanter's-nightshade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (L.) Hill

1753. Circaea lutetiana var. canadensis
1756. C. latifolia Hill (i)
1765. C. canadensis (L.) Hill
1870. C. lutetiana ssp. canadensis
1939. C. quadrisulcata var. canadensis
1945. C. canadensis var. virginiana
1982. C. quadrisulcata ssp. canadensis
2005. C. canadensis ssp. canadensis
Eastern
  enchanter's nightshade,
Broadleaf
  enchanter's nightshade,
Broad-leaved
  enchanter's nightshade,
Canada
  enchanter's nightshade

Circée du Canada,
Circée de Lutèce
Native, CoC: 5,
Secure

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Part shade
Circaea lutetiana ssp canadensis 001.jpg
Circaea canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. alpina

1753. Circaea alpina L.
1841. C. lutetiana var. alpina
1898. C. lutetiana ssp. alpina
1912. C. caulescens race alpina
1934. C. caulescens var. glabra
1934. C. caulescens var. rosulata
1934. C. caulescens fo. ramosissima
Dwarf
  enchanter's nightshade,
Northern
  enchanter's nightshade,
Small
  enchanter's nightshade

Circée alpine,
Circée des Alpes
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Circaea alpina kz.jpg
Circaea alpina nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Boufford

Circaea alpina ×
Circaea canadensis

2005. Circaea ×‌ sterilis Boufford
 auct. C. × intermedianon Ehrhart
 auct. C. canadensis sensu Fernald
Hybrid
  enchanter's nightshade,
Intermediate
  enchanter's nightshade,
Upland
  enchanter's nightshade

Circée de Fernald,
Circée intermédiaire
Native,
Threatened
Chess tile xx.svg
Circaea × sterilis nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N
NEW Can

Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
  1. David Edward Boufford (2005) "Circaea lutetiana sensu lato (Onagraceae) reconsidered." Harvard Papers in Botany 9(2):255-256.

Tribe Epilobieae[edit]

Genus Chamerion[edit]
Myrtales – fam. Onagraceae – subfam. Onagroideae – tribe Epilobieae – genus Chamerion
Chamerion Fireweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Holub
ssp. circumvagum

Epilobium angustifolium
Fireweed,
Narrow-leaved fireweed
Native,
Secure
Fireweed plant in the Yukon.jpg
Chamerion angustifolium ssp circumvagum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS




Images, wsp
Genus Epilobium[edit]

Plants of the genus Epilobium often go by the common name willowherb because of their willow-shaped leaves herbaceous habits.

Myrtales – fam. Onagraceae – subfam. Onagroideae – tribe Epilobieae – genus Epilobium
Epilobiumsect. Epilobium Willowherb N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 Biehler

1807. Epilobium coloratum Biehler
Eastern willow-herb,
Purpleleaf willowherb,
Purple-veined willowherb,
Cinnamon willow-herb,
Willowweed

Épilobe coloré
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium coloratum NRCS-1-4x3.jpg
Epilobium coloratum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Raf.
ssp. ciliatum

1808. Epilobium ciliatum Raf.
1879. E. adenocaulon Hausskn.
1879. E. chilense Hausskn.
1879. E. valdiviense Hausskn.
Fringed willow-herb,
Northern willow-herb,
Hairy willow-herb,
American willow-herb,
Coast willowweed

Épilobe cilié
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure

WL: FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium ciliatum 3691.jpg
Epilobium ciliatum ssp ciliatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
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Images, wsp
Ugente

E. ciliatum ssp. ciliatum ×
E. coloratum

    Epilobium × wisconsinense Ugente
    
    
Wisconsin
  hybrid willow-herb,
Wisconsin willow-herb,
Hybrid of
 Fringed willow-herb &
 Eastern willow-herb

Épilobe du Wisconsin
Native,
unranked

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium ciliatum ssp glandulosum NRCS-01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
Can
ITIS




Images, wsp
 Raf.

1813. Epilobium rosmarinifolium Pursh
1814. E. leptophyllum Raf.
1918. E. densum var. nesophilum
1925. E. nesophilum Fernald
1966. E. palustre var. sabulonense
1988. E. palustre var. gracile
Bog willowherb,
Linearleaf willowherb,
Linear-leaved willow-herb,
Narrow-leaved willowherb

Épilobe leptophylle,
Épilobe à feuilles étroites
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

WL: OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium leptophyllum NRCS-1-4x3.jpg
Epilobium leptophyllum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
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Images, wsp
Muhl. ex Spreng.

1813. Epilobium strictum Muhl.
1814. E. densum Raf.
1825. E. strictum Muhl. ex Spreng.
Downy willow-herb,
Northeastern willowherb,
Soft willowherb

Épilobe dressé,
Épilobe étroite
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium strictum BB-1913.png
Epilobium strictum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Epilobium palustre L.
1771. Chamaenerion palustre Scop.
1803. E. oliganthum Michx.
1813. E. lineare Muhl. illeg.
1900. E. wyomingense A.Nelson
1925. E. pylaieanum Fernald
Marsh willow-herb,
Swamp willowherb

Épilobe palustre,
Épilobe des marais
Native, CoC: 7,
Likely secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium palustre behaarung.jpeg
Epilobium palustre NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Rchb.
ssp. hornemannii

1810. Epilobium nutans Hornem. illeg.
1824. E. hornemannii Rchb.
1827. E. alpinum var. nutans Hornem.
1879. E. bongardii Hausskn.
1887. E. alsineifolium var. hornemannii
Lange
1900. E. foucaudianum H.Lév.
1918. E. steckerianum Fernald
Hornemann's willowherb,
Alpine willow-herb

Épilobe de Hornemann,
Épilobe d'Hornemann
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium hornemannii BB-1913.png
Epilobium hornemannii ssp hornemannii nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Epilobium hirsutum L.
Codlins and cream,
Fireweed,
Hairy willow-herb,
Great willow-herb

Épilobe hirsute,
Épilobe hérissé
Introduced from
 Eurasia, Africa,
Invasive,
NYIS: 63%[2]

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium hirsutum (1).jpg
Epilobium hirsutum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Schreb.

1771. Chamaenerion parviflorum
Schreb.
1771. Epilobium parviflorum Schreb.
1778. E. molle Lam. non Torr.
Smallflower
  hairy willowherb,
Hoary willowherb

Épilobe à petites fleurs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

WL: OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Epilobium parviflorum 0.9 R.jpg
Epilobium parviflorum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 


Images, wsp
  1. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2016. Online Conservation Guide for Epilobium hornemannii ssp. hornemannii. Endangered, S1/G5T5.
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentEpilobium hirsutum: High (63). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Tribe Onagreae[edit]

Genus Oenothera[edit]

Oenothera is represented by about 15 species of sundrops and evening primroses in New York.

Oenothera sect. Kneiffia[edit]
Myrtales – fam. Onagraceae – subfam. Onagroideae – tribe Onagreae – genus Oenotherasect. Kneiffia
Oenotherasect. Kneiffia Sundrops N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1759. Oenothera perennis L.
1762. Oenothera pumila L.
1835. Kneiffia pumila (L.) Spach
1836. Oenothera gracilis Schrad.
ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
1919. Kneiffia perennis (L.) Pennell
Small sundrops,
Little evening primrose,
Perennial evening primrose,
Perennial sundrops,
Small evening primrose,
Sundrops

Onagre vivace,
Onagre pérennante
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Oenothera perennis (4252101042).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. tetragona (Roth) W.L. Wagner

1800. Oenothera tetragona Roth
1803. Oenothera glauca Michx.
1835. Kneiffia glauca (Michx.) Spach
1919. Kneiffia tetragona (Roth) Pennell
2014. O. fruticosa ssp. tetragona
Northern sundrops,
Shrubby evening primrose,
Narrow-leaved sundrops,
Narrowleaf evening primrose

Onagre tétragone
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely secure

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Oenothera fructicosa subsp glauca 2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
ssp. fruticosa

1753. Oenothera fruticosa L.
1835. Kneiffia suffruticosa Spach (i)
1893. K. fruticosa (L.) Spach ex Raim.
Narrow-leaved sundrops,
Narrowleaf evening primrose
Native, CoC: 7,
Vulnerable

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Oenothera fruticosa FWS-01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Raf.
ssp. pilosella

1820. Oenothera pilosella Raf.
1894. Kneiffia fruticosa var. pilosella
1903. Kneiffia pratensis Small
1908. Oenothera pratensis B.L.Rob.
Prairie sundrops,
Meadow sundrops,
Meadow evening primrose,
Prairie evening primrose,
Pilose evening primrose,
Finely-pilose evening primrose

Onagre piloselle
Native, CoC: 2,
Unranked

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Oenothera pilosella NRCS-02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Oenothera[edit]
Myrtales – fam. Onagraceae – subfam. Onagroideae – tribe Onagreae – genus Oenotherasect. Oenothera
Oenotherasect. Oenotherasubsect. Oenothera Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

    Oenothera biennis L.
    Oenothera muricata L.
    Onagra biennis (L.) Scop.
    O. pycnocarpa G.F.Atk.& Bartlett
Common evening-primrose Native, CoC: 1,
Secure
20160729Oenothera biennis2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Oakes' evening-primrose Native, CoC: 1,
Threatened
Gelbe Dünennachtkerze.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp

Redsepal evening-primrose,
Showy evening-primrose
Introduced
Floare galbena bgiu.jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
ssp. villosa

Hairy evening-primrose Introduced
Oenothera villosa (4941688651).jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
Oenotherasect. Oenotherasubsect. Raimannia Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

Northern evening-primrose Native, CoC: 0,
Secure
Oenothera parviflora close up flower.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 Hill (1767)

Cutleaf evening primrose,
Cut-leaf evening-primrose,
Cut-leaved evening-primrose
Native, CoC: 1,
Endangered
Starr 080604-5890 Oenothera laciniata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NX

ARS 




Images, wsp

Showy evening-primrose Introduced
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
Oenotherasect. Oenotherasubsect. Candela Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15

Fourpoint evening-primrose Introduced,
N. America native
Oenothera rhombipetala FWS-01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Cleland's evening-primrose Introduced
Oclelandii.jpg
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Kleinia[edit]
Myrtales – fam. Onagraceae – subfam. Onagroideae – tribe Onagreae – genus Oenotherasect. Kleinia
Oenotherasect. Kleinia Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Pursh

1813. Oenothera albicaulis Pursh
1835. Agnora pinnatifida (Nutt.) Spach
1894. Anogra albicaulis (Pursh) Britton
Whitest evening-primrose,
Prairie evening-primrose
Introduced from
 western US,
N. America native

Annual,
Herb-forb
Oenothera albicaulis NPS-01a.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW-0Can-0
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Lavauxia[edit]
Myrtales – fam. Onagraceae – subfam. Onagroideae – tribe Onagreae – genus Oenotherasect. Lavauxia
Oenotherasect. Lavauxiasubsect. Lavauxia Evening-primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15

Stemless evening-primrose Introduced from
 southern US,
N. America native
Oenothera triloba.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Megapterium[edit]
Myrtales – fam. Onagraceae – subfam. Onagroideae – tribe Onagreae – genus Oenotherasect. Megapterium
Oenotherasect. Megapterium Sundrops N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Nutt.

1813. Oenothera macrocarpa Nutt.
1813. Oenothera missouriensis Sims
Ozark sundrops Introduced,
N. America native,
No reports
Oenothera macrocarpa RB2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Oenothera sect. Hartmannia[edit]
Myrtales – fam. Onagraceae – subfam. Onagroideae – tribe Onagreae – genus Oenotherasect. Hartmannia
Oenotherasect. Hartmannia Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15

Showy primrose Introduced,
N. America native,
No reports
Oenothera speciosa Siskiyou B.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Oenothera, sect. Gaura[edit]

Most of the genus Gaura was transferred to Oenothera sect. Gaura in 2007.[1]

Myrtales – fam. Onagraceae – subfam. Onagroideae – tribe Onagreae – genus Oenotherasect. Gaura
Oenotherasect. Gaurasubsect. Gaura Beeblossom N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
W.L.Wagner & Hoch

1753. Gaura biennis L.
2007. Oenothera gaura
W.L.Wagner & Hoch
Biennial beeblossom,
Biennial gaura

Gaura bisannuel,
Gaura bisannuelle
Introduced,
N. America native
Oenothera gaura NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
(Small) W.L.Wagner & Hoch

1835. Gaura longiflora Spach
1840. Gaura biennis var. pitcheri
1898. Gaura filiformis Small
2007. Oenothera filiformis
W.L.Wagner & Hoch
Longflower beeblossom,
Long-flowered gaura,
Large-flower gaura

Gaura à fleurs longues
Introduced from
 Midwest,
N. America native
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
Oenotherasect. Gaurasubsect. Campogaura Beeblossom N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Ser.) W.L.Wagner & Hoch

Nutt. ex Pursh
1816. Gaura odorata Sessé ex Lag.
1828. Gaura suffrutescens Ser.
2007. Oenothera suffrutescens
W.L.Wagner & Hoch
Scarlet beeblossom,
Scarlet gaura,
Scarlet butterfly plant,
Wild honeysuckle

Gaura écarlate
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Gaura coccinea 6.jpg
Oenothera suffrutescens nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
NEW-0Can
ARS 

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp

Family Lythraceae[edit]

The Lythraceae (loosestrife or pomegranate family)...[1][2]

Subfamily Lagerstroemioideae[edit]

Genus Trapa[edit]

Myrtales – fam. Lythraceae – subfam. Lagerstroemioideae – genus Trapa
Trapa Water chestnut N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Trapa natans L.
1815. Trapa bispinosa Roxb.
1897. Trapa natans var. bispinosa
Water chestnut,
European water chestnut,
Water caltrop,
Singhara nut,
Jesuit's-nut

Châtaigne d'eau,
Macre
Introduced from
 Eurasia, Africa,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 82%[3],
NE-1[4]

Annual,
Herb-forb
Trapa natans Prague 2012 1.jpg
Trapa natans nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Punicoideae[edit]

Genus Cuphea[edit]
Myrtales – fam. Lythraceae – subfam. Punicoideae – genus Cuphea
Cuphea Waxweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Jacq.

1753. Lythrum petiolatum L.
1772. Cuphea viscosissima Jacq.
1881. Cuphea petiolata (L.) Koehne
1894. Parsonsia petiolata (L.) Rusby
Blue waxweed,
Clammy waxweed,
Clammy cuphea,
Tarweed

Cuphéa visqueux,
Cuphéa
Native, CoC: 1,
Likely secure

WL: FAC-FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
Cuphea viscosissima-IMG 4223.jpg
Cuphea viscosissima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS


LBJ

Images, wsp
Genus Rotala[edit]
Myrtales – fam. Lythraceae – subfam. Punicoideae – genus Rotala
Rotala Rotala N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Koehne

Lowland rotala,
Toothcup
Native,
Threatened
Rotala ramosior NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp

Subfamily Lythroideae[edit]

The Lythroideae contains plants commonly known as loosestrife. This includes not only the widespread and highly invasive purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), but also three loosestrifes that are native to New York.

Genus Decodon[edit]

Myrtales – fam. Lythraceae – subfam. Lythroideae – genus Decodon
Decodon Swamp loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Elliott

1753. Lythrum verticillatum L.
1821. D. verticillatus (L.) Elliott
1823. Nesaea verticillata (L.) Kunth
Waterwillow,
Swamp loosestrife,
Hairy swamp loosestrife,
Swamp willowherb,
Water oleander,
Whorled loosestrife

Décodon verticillé,
Décodent verticillé
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

WL: OBL
Decodon verticillatus flower.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp

Genus Lythrum[edit]

Myrtales – fam. Lythraceae – subfam. Lythroideae – genus Lythrum
Lythrum Loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Pursh
var. alatum

Winged loosestrife,
Winged lythrum
Native,
Secure
Winged Loosestrife (Lythrum alatum) (5766002391).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

Narrow loosestrife,
Saltmarsh loosestife,
Wand lythrum
Native,
Endangered
Lythrum lineare NRCS-001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

1753. Lythrum salicaria L.
1768. Lythrum tomentosum Mill
1813. L. salicaria var. tomentosum DC.
    L. salicaria var. gracilior Turcz.
1828. L. salicaria var. vulgare DC.
Purple loosestrife,
Spiked loosestrife
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 91%[1],
NE-1[2]
Blutweiderich 0507241.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Hyssop loosestrife Introduced
Lythrum hyssopifolia Enfoque 2010-6-06 SierraMadrona.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-LYHY3






Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLythrum salicaria: Very high (91).
  2. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Melastomataceae[edit]

Subamily Melastomatoideae[edit]

Tribe Melastomateae[edit]

Myrtales – fam. Melastomataceae – subfam. Melastomatoideae – tribe Melastomateae
Rhexia Meadowbeauty N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Rhexia virginica L.
    
    
Virginia meadow-beauty,
Handsome Harry
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
Rhexia virginica.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 


NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. mariana

1753. Rhexia mariana L.
    
    
Maryland meadow-beauty,
Maryland meadowbeauty
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated,
Impersistent

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Pale Meadow Beauty (Rhexia mariana) (7339568326).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Zm
USDA-N0

ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp

References[edit]