Flora of New York/Crossosomatales, Sapindales

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Myrtales
Flora of New York — Crossosomatales, Sapindales
Malvales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Common species names #
Crossosomatales Staphyleaceae Staphylea bladdernut 1
Sapindales Anacardiaceae Anacardioideae Rhoeae Rhus sumac 5
Toxicodendron poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac 4
Cotinus smoketree 2
Sapindaceae Hippocastanoideae Acereae Acer maple 15
Hippocastaneae Aesculus buckeye, horse chestnut 2
Sapindoideae Koelreuterieae Koelreuteria golden rain tree 1
Paullinieae Cardiospermum balloon vine 1
Simaroubaceae Ailantheae Ailanthus tree-of-heaven, Chinese sumac 1
Rutaceae Rutoideae Ruta rue 1
Toddalioideae Zanthoxylum prickly ash 1
Ptelea hop tree 1
Phellodendron Amur cork tree 1
Dictamnus gas plant 1
Meliaceae Melioideae Melieae Melia Chinaberry tree 1

Order Crossosomatales[edit]

The Crossosomatales Takht. ex Reveal (1993) is a small order that has a single native species in New York.[1]

Family Staphyleaceae[edit]

The Staphyleaceae (bladdernut family) ... [1]

Genus Staphylea[edit]

Crossosomatales – fam. Staphyleaceae – genus Staphylea
Staphylea Bladdernut N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Staphylea trifolia L.
1766. Staphylodendron trifoliatum Crantz
American bladdernut,
Bladder nut

Staphylier à trois folioles,
Staphylier trifolié
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Shade
Staphylea trifolia SCA-3464.jpg
Staphylea trifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
  1. Staphyleaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Order Sapindales[edit]

The order Sapindales

Family Anacardiaceae[edit]

The Anacardiaceae (cashew or sumac family) ...[1]

Subfamily Anacardioideae[edit]

Genus Rhus[edit]

Rhus contains the sumac trees, which are all beneficial New York natives. However, the Chinese sumac or tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima) in the Simaroubaceae (quassia family, below) is a potentially invasive non-native.

Sapindales – fam. Anacardiaceae – subfam. Anacardioideae – tribe Rhoeae – genus Rhus
Rhus Sumac N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
L.

1753. Datisca hirta L. (i)
1756. Rhus typhina L.
1847. Rhus typhina var. Lacinata
1891. Toxicodendron typhinum Kuntze
1892. Rhus hirta (L.) Sudw. (i)
1903. Schmaltzia hirta (L.) Small (i)
Staghorn sumac,
Stag's-horn sumac,
Velvet sumac,
Vinegar tree

Sumac vinaigrier,
Sumac amaranthe,
Vinaigrier
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

WL: UPL

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Rhus typhina NRCS-1.jpg
Rhus typhina NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Rhus glabra L.
Smooth sumac Native, CoC: 3,
Secure

WL: UPL

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Smooth Sumac (2997144036).jpg
Rhus glabra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. copallinum

1753. Rhus copallinum L.
Winged sumac Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

WL: FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Tree, Shrub
Winged Sumac Berries.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN



BNA


Images, wsp
 L.
var. latifolia Engl.

1883. Rhus copallinum var. latifolia
1891. Toxicodendron copallinum
var. latifolium
Broadleaf winged sumac Native, CoC: 7,
No reports

WL: FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Tree, Shrub
Rhus copallina (homeredwardprice) 001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN



BNA


Images, wsp
 Aiton
var. aromatica

1789. Rhus aromatica Aiton
Fragrant sumac Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

WL: UPL

Perennial,
Shrub
Rhus aromatica (R. trilobata) (5006727674).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Greene (pro sp.)

Rhus glabra ×
Rhus typhina

1901. Rhus glabra var. borealis
1906. Rhus borealis Greene
1908. Rhus pulvinata Greene
Northern sumac,
Pulvinate sumac,
Hybrid of
 smooth sumac &
 staghorn sumac
Native,
Threatened
Rhus glabra.jpg
Rhus × pulvinata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2?
USDA-NN


Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. Anacardiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Genus Toxicodendron[edit]

Toxicodendron contains the native, but often unwelcome, poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac trio. All of these produce the resin urushiol which can cause severe skin and mucous-membrane irritation in those who have a sensitivity to it.

Toxicodendron sect. Toxicodendron[edit]

While both eastern poison-ivy (T. radicans) and western poison-ivy (T. rydbergii) are rhizomatous and may occur as low shrubs, only eastern poison-ivy has aerial roots, allowing it to also occur as a trailing or climbing liana.[1]

Eastern poison-ivy — In North America in general, T. radicans ssp. radicans occurs primarily east of the Appalachian Mountains and can be considered as a coastal taxon, while ssp. negundo occurs primarily west of the Appalachians. In New York, ssp. radicans occurs primarily in the southeast part of the state and up the Hudson Valley, while ssp. negundo occurs in the western and central parts of the state.[2]

T. radicans Leaflets Petioles Drupes Stems
ssp. radicans
 fairly flat, underside glabrous except on main veins; tufts of hair on vein axils glabrous pubescent, scabrous, or papillose may have aerial roots
ssp. negundo fairly flat, underside softly pubescent pubescent usually glabrous may have aerial roots
ssp. rydbergii thicker, somewhat folded, underside glabrous to sparsely strigose, upper surface glabrous glabrous larger, glabrous without aerial roots

Western poison-ivyToxicodendron rydbergii is closely related to eastern poison-ivy, and despite its morphological differences and lack of climbing ability, may still be considered a subspecies or variety of T. radicans.[3]

Sapindales – fam. Anacardiaceae – subfam. Anacardioideae – tribe Rhoeae – genus Toxicodendronsect. Toxicodendron
ToxicodendronMill.sect. Toxicodendron Poison ivy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Kuntze
ssp. radicans

1753. Rhus radicans L.
1768. Toxicodendron vulgare Mill.
1891. Toxicodendron radicans Kuntze
1902. Rhus littoralis Mearns
1924. R. radicans Deam var. littoralis
1941. R. radicans var. malacotrichocarpa
Fernald
Eastern poison ivy

Herbe à puce de l'Est
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb, Vine,
Shrub, Subshrub
Toxicodendron radicans, leaves.jpg
Toxicodendron radicans ssp radicans nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze
ssp. negundo (Greene) Gillis

1905. Toxicodendron negundo Greene
1971. T. radicans ssp. negundo
1990. T. radicans var. negundo
Midwestern poison ivy,
Eastern poison ivy
Native, CoC: 3,
Unranked

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb, Vine,
Shrub, Subshrub
Toxicodendron radicans.jpg
Toxicodendron radicans ssp negundo nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
(Small ex Rydb.) Greene

1900. Rhus rydbergii Small ex Rydb.
1905. Toxicodendron rydbergii Greene
1927. Rhus toxicodendron var. rydbergii
Garrett
1939. Rhus radicans var. rydbergii
1961. T. radicans var. rydbergii
[3]
1981. Rhus radicans ssp. rydbergii
1982. T. radicans ssp. rydbergii
Western poison ivy,
Rydberg's poison ivy,
Northern poison oak

Herbe à puce de Rydberg,
Sumac de Rydberg
Native, CoC: 4,
Vulnerable

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb, Vine,
Shrub, Subshrub
Toxicodendron rydbergii UGA1208036.jpg
Toxicodendron rydbergii nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Innes, Robin J. 2012. Toxicodendron radicans, T. rydbergii. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer).]
  2. Troy Weldy, David Werier & Andrew Nelson (2015) "T. radicans ssp. radicans" "T. radicans ssp. negundo" New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, N.Y.
  3. a b VASCAN lists western poison ivy as Toxicodendron radicans var. rydbergii as the currently accepted name, citing the Flora of North America Editorial Committee.
Toxicodendron sect. Venenata[edit]
Sapindales – fam. Anacardiaceae – subfam. Anacardioideae – tribe Rhoeae – genus Toxicodendronsect. Venenata
ToxicodendronMill.sect. Venenata Poison sumac N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Kuntze

Poison sumac Native,
Likely secure,
Perennial,
Shrub-tree
Toxicodendron vernix autumn.jpg
Toxicodendron vernix nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS




Images, wsp

Genus Cotinus[edit]

Sapindales – fam. Anacardiaceae – subfam. Anacardioideae – tribe Rhoeae – genus Cotinus
Cotinus Smoke tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Scop.

1753. Rhus cotinus L.
1771. Cotinus coggygria Scop.
1891. Cotinus cotinus Sarg.
Smoketree,
Smokebush,
Venetian sumac,
Wigtree
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Cotinus coggygria5.jpg
Cotinus coggygria nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Raf.

1840. Cotinus obovatus Raf.
1849. Cotinus americanus Nutt.
1859. Rhus cotinoides Nutt. ex J.G.Cooper
1892. Rhus americana Sudw.
1894. Cotinus cotinoides Britton
American smoketree,
Chittamwood
Introduced from
 US South,
N. America native,
Cultivated in NY,
Not naturalized

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Cotinus obovatus 1116006 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Family Sapindaceae[edit]

The Sapindaceae (soapberry family) ... [1]

Subfamily Hippocastanoideae[edit]

Tribe Acereae[edit]

Genus Acer[edit]

The genus Acer is represented by about fifteen native or naturalized species in New York. These species are here separated into sections following de Jong (2002).[2] These sections are further organized into three tables corresponding to the three clusters (aceroid, palmatoid, and platanoid) described by Grimm et. al. (2006).[3]

Most Acer species go by the common name maple, and all have opposite leaves. Maples are represented by the initial letter 'M' in the mnemonic "MADCap Horse," which can be used to remember which trees have opposite leaves. The other opposite-leave trees represented are Ash, Dogwood, Caprifoliaceae, and Horse chestnut. Of course there are exceptions.

  1. Sapindaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. P. C. de Jong, 2002. World maple diversity, pp.2–11, in: Wiegrefe, S. J., H. Angus, D. Otis, and P. Gregorey (eds.). Proceedings of the 2002 International Maple Symposium held at Westonbirt Arboretum and the Royal Agricultural College in Gloucestershire, England.
  3. Guido W. Grimm, Susanne S. Renner, Alexandros Stamatakis & Vera Hemleben, 2006. A Nuclear Ribosomal DNA Phylogeny of Acer Inferred with Maximum Likelihood, Splits Graphs, and Motif Analysis of 606 Sequences.
Aceroid sect. Acer[edit]

Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and black maple (Acer nigrum) are often treated as conspecific, with black maple identified as a subspecies of sugar maple. There are significant morphological differences, but little genetic difference between the two trees, which commonly hybridize. So it's thought that the morphological differences may be more the result of local conditions.[1] The range of black maple does not extend much farther east than New York, while sugar maple is common in both New England and the Mid-west.

The Eurasian sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus), also in the Acer section, is not common in New York, but it can become weedy and is now prohibited due to its demonstrated invasive potential.

Sapindales – fam. Sapindaceae – subfam. Hippocastanoideae – tribe Acereae – genus Acer – Aceroidsect. Acer
Acersect. Acerser. Saccharodendron Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Marshall
var. saccharum

1785. Acer saccharum Marshall
Sugar maple,
Hard maple,
Rock maple

Érable à sucre,
Érable franc,
Érable franche
Native,
Secure
Acer saccharum leaves.jpg
Acer saccharum var saccharum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
 F.Michx.

1812. Acer nigrum F.Michx.
1838. Acer saccharinum var. nigrum
1889. Acer saccharum var. nigrum
1933. Saccharodendron nigrum Small
1952. Acer saccharum ssp. nigrum
1983. Acer saccharum var. viride
Black maple,
Black sugar maple

Érable noir
Native,
Secure
Acer nigrum 5443336.jpg
Acer nigrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Acer nigrum × saccharum

Acer nigrum ×
Acer saccharum

Hybrid of
 black maple &
 sugar maple

Hybride de
 érable noir et de
 érable à sucre
Native,
Unranked
NAS-042 Acer saccharum.png
Nymap.svg

Can





Images, wsp
Acersect. Acerser. Acer Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1753. Acer pseudoplatanus L.
Sycamore maple,
False planetree

Érable sycomore
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 71%[2],
Prohibited[3],
CP-5[4] NE-4[5]
Acer pseudoplatanus 003.jpg
Acer pseudoplatanus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can





Images, wsp
Aceroid sect. Rubra[edit]

Silver maple (Acer saccharinum) and red maple (Acer rubrum) are also closely related and hybridize as Freeman maple (Acer × freemanii)

Sapindales – fam. Sapindaceae – subfam. Hippocastanoideae – tribe Acereae – genus Acer – Aceroidsect. Rubra
Acersect. Rubra Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1753. Acer saccharinum L.
1789. Acer dasycarpum Ehrh.
1803. Acer eriocarpum Michx.
1881. Acer album hort. ex G. Nicholson
1933. Argentacer saccharinum Small
Silver maple,
Soft maple,
White maple,
River maple

Érable argenté,
Érable blanc,
Plaine blanche
Native,
Secure

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Tree
0 Acer saccharinum - Tervueren.JPG
Acer saccharinum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
var. rubrum

1753. Acer rubrum L.
Red maple,
Scarlet maple,
Soft maple,
Swamp maple
Native,
Secure

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Tree
Acer rubrum 002.jpg
Acer rubrum var rubrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.
var. trilobum Torr. & A.Gray ex K.Koch

    Acer carolinianum
    Rufacer carolinianum
    Acer rubrum var. tridens
Trident red maple Native,
Vulnerable

WL: FACW-OBL

Perennial,
Tree
Acer rubrum inflorescence 06.JPG
Acer rubrum var trilobum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 A.E.Murray

Acer rubrum ×
Acer saccharinum

1969. Acer × freemani A.E.Murray
Freeman maple,
Freeman's maple,
Soft maple
Native,
Threatened
Autumn Blaze Maple Foliage.jpg
Acer × freemanii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Aceroid sect. Ginnala[edit]
Sapindales – fam. Sapindaceae – subfam. Hippocastanoideae – tribe Acereae – genus Acer – Aceroidsect. Ginnala
Acersect. Ginnala Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.
ssp. ginnala (Maxim.) Wesm.

1856. Acer ginnala Maxim.
1857. Acer tataricum var. laciniatum
1859. Acer tataricum var. ginnala
1890. Acer tataricum ssp. ginnala
Amur maple Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 66%[1],
CP-3[2] NE-4[3],
WW
Acer ginnala.jpg
Acer ginnala nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. tataricum

1753. Acer tataricum L.
    
    
Tartar maple,
Tartarian maple
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized
Ab plant 2222.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U

ARS 




Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAcer ginnala: Moderate 66 (MCLH).
  2. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Aceroid sect. Pentaphylla[edit]

Section Pentaphylla contains two East Asian maples that are commonly cultivated in New York, but are not known to naturalize in the state.

Sapindales – fam. Sapindaceae – subfam. Hippocastanoideae – tribe Acereae – genus Acer – Aceroidsect. Pentaphylla
Acersect. Pentaphylla Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Miq.

1865. Acer buergerianum Miq.
 auct. Acer trifidumnon Thunb. (1784)
Trident maple Introduced from
 China,
 Taiwan,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized
Acer buergerianum automne foliage.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-00

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Franch.) Pax

1894. Acer nikoense var. griseum
1902. Acer griseum (Franch.) Pax
Paperbark maple,
Chinese paperbark maple
Introduced from
 China,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized
Acer-griseum-close.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-00

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Palmatoid sect. Negundo[edit]

Box-elder (Acer negundo) is a common, often weedy tree that may be native to only the south-central portion of New York State, in the vicinity of Binghamton and Ithaca. Elsewhere in the state it is considered to be introduced. Box Elder is considered to be introduced and invasive in parts of Canada.

Sapindales – fam. Sapindaceae – subfam. Hippocastanoideae – tribe Acereae – genus Acer – Palmatoidsect. Negundo
Acersect. Negundo Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.
var. negundo

1753. Acer negundo L.
1794. Negundo aceroides (L.) Moench
1882. Negundo negundo (L.) Karst.
Box-elder,
Manitoba maple,
Ash-leaved maple

Érable à Giguère,
Érable négondo,
Érable argilière
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure,
Note [1]

WL: FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Tree
Acer negundo Bozeman 1.jpg
Acer negundo var negundo nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.
var. violaceum (G.Kirchn.) H.Jaeger

1864. N. aceroides var. violaceum
1884. Acer negundo var. violaceum
1908. Acer violaceum Simonk.
1982. Negundo aceroides W.A.Weber
ssp. violaceus
Box elder Native, CoC: 1,
Unranked,
Note: [2]

WL: FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Tree
Acer negundo-78.JPG
Acer negundo var violaceum nymap.svg
NYFA-?
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. Acer negundo is thought to be native to only parts of the state, mainly in the south-central part. It is considered to be introduced elsewhere and may be weedy.
  2. VASCAN, citing FNA Ed. Comm., in prep. f., considers Acer negundo var. violaceum to be a synonym of Acer negundo.
Palmatoid sect. Spicata[edit]
Sapindales – fam. Sapindaceae – subfam. Hippocastanoideae – tribe Acereae – genus Acer – Palmatoidsect. Spicata
Acersect. Spicata Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Lam.

1771. Acer pensylvanicum Du Roi
non L.
1784. Acer parviflorum Ehrh.
non Franch. & Sav.
1786. Acer spicatum Lam.
1811. Acer montanum W.T.Aiton
non Lam.
Mountain maple,
Moose maple,
White maple

Érable à épis,
Érable bâtard,
Plaine bâtarde,
Plaine bleue
Native,
Likely secure
Acer spicatum flowers.jpg
Acer spicatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Palmatoid sect. Palmata[edit]

Japanese maple, a popular ornamental tree has been found to naturalize in forest understories in the southern part of the state, and is considered invasive there.

Sapindales – fam. Sapindaceae – subfam. Hippocastanoideae – tribe Acereae – genus Acer – Palmatoidsect. Palmata
Acersect. Palmata Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 Thunb.

1784. Acer palmatum Thunb.
1867. Acer sanguineum Carrière
Japanese maple Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 50%[1],
NE-4[2] VT
Acer palmatum0.jpg
Acer palmatum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAcer palmatum: Moderate (50%).
  2. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Platanoid sect. Macrantha[edit]
Sapindales – fam. Sapindaceae – subfam. Hippocastanoideae – tribe Acereae – genus Acer – Platanoidsect. Macrantha
Acersect. Macrantha Snakebark maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

1753. Acer pensylvanicum L.
1755. Acer canadense Duhamel
1771. Acer striatum Du Roi
Striped maple,
Green-striped maple,
Moosewood,
Whistlewood,
Goosefoot maple,
Pennsylvania maple

Èrable de Pennsylvanie
Native,
Secure
Acer pensylvanicum 5496887.jpg
Acer pensylvanicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Platanoid sect. Platanoidea[edit]

Norway maple (Acer platanoides) is a widly-used street tree but has escaped cultivation near northeastern cities and has become a major threat to nearby forests and other habitats, where it can become the dominant tree and displace native vegetation.

Sapindales – fam. Sapindaceae – subfam. Hippocastanoideae – tribe Acereae – genus Acer – Platanoidsect. Platanoidea
Acersect. Platanoidea Maple N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 L.

    
Norway maple Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 82%[1],
Regulated[2],
CP-2[3] NE-1[4]
Spitz-Ahorn(mbo).jpg
Acer platanoides nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Hedge maple,
Field maple
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
CP-3[5]
2009-10-24 (39) Acer, Ahorn, Acer campestre.JPG
Acer campestre nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp
 Bunge

1833. Acer truncatum Bunge
    Acer platanoides var. truncatum
    
Painted maple,
Shantung maple,
Purple-blow maple
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Acer truncatum - Morris Arboretum - DSC00274.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Hippocastaneae[edit]

Genus Aesculus[edit]

Sometimes included their own Hippocastanaceae (horse chestnut or buckeye family),[1] horse chestnuts are not closely related to Castanea (chestnuts), which are in the Fagaceae with Quercus (oak) and Fagus (beech).

Sapindales – fam. Sapindaceae – subfam. Hippocastanoideae – tribe Hippocastaneae – genus Aesculus
Aesculussect. Pavia Buckeye N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Willd.
var. glabra

Ohio buckeye Introduced,
Midwest native,
CP-5[2]
Ohio buckeye aesculus glabra.jpg
Aesculus glabra var glabra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 


NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Aesculus pavia L.
Red buckeye

Pavier rouge
Introduced from
 US South,
No specimens,
Cultivated
Aesculus pavia - United States Botanic Garden - DSC09463.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NX

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Walter

1788. Aesculus parviflora Walter
    
Bottlebrush buckeye

Pavier blanc
Introduced from
 US South,
No specimens,
Cultivated

Perennial,
Shrub-tree
Aesculus parviflora 1-OB9.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW-0
ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Sol.

1778. Aesculus flava Sol.
1785. A. octandra Marshall
Yellow buckeye,
Sweet buckeye,
Big buckeye

Marronnier jaune
Introduced from
 US South,
No specimens,
Cultivated

Perennial,
Shrub-tree
Aesculus flava 06 by Line1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW-0
ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Aesculussect. Aesculus Horse chestnut N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2

Horse chestnut Introduced from
 S.E. Europe,
Potentially invasive,
CP-5[2],
WW
Sapindales - Aesculus hippocastanum 2.jpg
Aesculus hippocastanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 


NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Aesculussect. (cross) Cross-sect. hybrid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2

Aesculus pavia ×
Aesculus hippocastanum

    
    
    
Red horsechestnut,
Hybrid of
 red buckeye &
 horse chestnut
Introduced,
No specimens,
Cultivated

Perennial,
Tree
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
  1. Hippocastanaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. a b Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Subfamily Sapindoideae[edit]

Tribe Koelreuterieae[edit]

Genus Koelreuteria[edit]
Sapindales – fam. Sapindaceae – subfam. Sapindoideae – tribe Koelreuterieae – genus Koelreuteria
Koelreuteria Koelreuteria N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Laxm.

Golden rain-tree Introduced,
Invasive in US South
Koelreuteria paniculata C.jpg
Koelreuteria paniculata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Tribe Paullinieae[edit]

Genus Cardiospermum[edit]
Sapindales – fam. Sapindaceae – subfam. Sapindoideae – tribe Paullinieae – genus Cardiospermum
Cardiospermum Balloonvine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L. (1753)

Balloon vine,
Heart-pea,
Love in a puff
Introduced,
Noxious US South
Cardiospermum halicacabum 04.jpg
Cardiospermum halicacabum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp

Family Simaroubaceae[edit]

The Simaroubaceae (quassia family) is represented by a single species persisting outside of cultivation in New York.

Tribe Ailantheae[edit]

Genus Ailanthus[edit]

Sapindales – fam. Simaroubaceae – tribe Ailantheae – genus Ailanthus
AilanthusDesf. Ailanthus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Mill.) Swingle (1916)

Ailanthus glandulosa Desf.
Tree-of-heaven,
Chinese sumac,
Varnish-tree,
Copa-tree

Vernis de la Chine
Introduced from
 temperate China,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 68%[1],
CP-2[2] NE-1[3],
PCA
Arbre à Sofia.jpg
Ailanthus altissima nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAilanthus altissima: Moderate (68).
  2. Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family Rutaceae[edit]

The Rutaceae (rue or citrus family) ...

Subfamily Rutoideae[edit]

Genus Ruta[edit]

Sapindales – fam. Rutaceae – subfam. Rutoideae – genus Ruta
Ruta Rue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Ruta graveolens L.
1770. Ruta hortensis Mill.
Common rue,
Garden rue,
Herb-of-grace

Rue des jardins,
Rue officinale,
Rue fétide
Introduced from
 Europe
Ruta graveolens3.jpg
Ruta graveolens nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Toddalioideae[edit]

Genus Zanthoxylum[edit]

Sapindales – fam. Rutaceae – subfam. Toddalioideae – genus Zanthoxylum
Zanthoxylum Pricklyash N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Mill.

1768. Zanthoxylum americanum Mill.
1806. Zanthoxylum fraxinifolium Willd.
1830. Thylax fraxineum Raf.
Northern prickly-ash,
Common prickly-ash,
Toothachetree

Clavalier d'Amérique,
Frêne épineux
Native,
Secure
Zantthoxylum americanum.jpg
Zanthoxylum americanum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Genus Ptelea[edit]

Sapindales – fam. Rutaceae – subfam. Toddalioideae – genus Ptelea
Ptelea Hoptree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. trifoliata

1753. Ptelea trifoliata L.
1838. Ptelea baldwinii Torr. & A.Gray
2001. Ptelea trifoliata D.B.Ward var. baldwinii
Common hoptree,
Wafer-ash,
Stinking ash,
Three-leaved hop tree

Ptéléa trifolié,
Orme de Samarie
Native,
Endangered
Ptelea trifoliata 20050808 002.jpg
Ptelea trifoliata ssp trifoliata nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Genus Phellodendron[edit]

Sapindales – fam. Rutaceae – subfam. Toddalioideae – genus Phellodendron
Phellodendron Corktree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Rupr.

1857. Phellodendron amurense Rupr.
1871. Phellodendron japonicum Maxim.
1905. Phellodendron sachalinense Sarg.
1909. Phellodendron lavallei Dode
Amur corktree,
Chinese corktree

Phellodendron de l'Amour,
Arbre liège de Chine,
Phellodendron de Sibérie
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 75%[1]
Phellodendron amurense 2.jpg
Phellodendron amurense nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Genus Dictamnus[edit]

The gasplant gets its name from the volatile citrus-scented oil produced by its leaves.

Sapindales – fam. Rutaceae – subfam. Toddalioideae – genus Dictamnus
Dictamnus Dictamnus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Dictamnus albus L.
1805. Dictamnus fraxinellus Pers.
1840. Dictamnus fraxinellus var. caucasicus
Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
1932. Dictamnus caucasicus Grossh.
Gasplant,
Dittany,
Burningbush
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Dictamnus albus 250510.jpg
Dictamnus albus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp

Family Meliaceae[edit]

The Meliaceae (mahogany family)...

Subfamily Melioideae[edit]

Tribe Melieae[edit]

Genus Melia[edit]
Sapindales – fam. Meliacea – subfam. Melioideae – tribe Melieae
Melia Melia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Chinaberry tree Introduced,
No specimens
Melia azedarach flower.JPG
Melia azedarach nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp