Flora of New York/Dioscoreales & Liliales

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Acorales & Alismatales
Flora of New York — Dioscoreales & Liliales
Asparagales (1)
Orchidaceae & Hypoxidaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genera G T
Dioscoreales Nartheciaceae Aletris (colic root) 1 1
Dioscoreaceae Dioscoreoideae Dioscorea (yam) 1 2
Liliales Colchicaceae Uvularieae Uvularia (bellwort) 1 4
Colchiceae Colchium (autumn crocus) 1 1
Melanthiaceae Melanthieae Veratrum (false hellebore)
Anticlea (death camas)
Amianthium (fly poison)
Stenanthium (featherbells)
4 6
Heloniadeae Helonias (swamp pink) 1 1
Chionographideae Chamaelirium (fairywand, devil's bit) 1 1
Parideae Trillium (trillium, wake-robin) 1 8
Smilacaceae Smilax (greenbrier) 1 7
Liliaceae Calochortoideae Streptopus (twisted stalk)
Prosartes (fairy bells)
2 4
Medeoloideae Clintonia (bluebead)
Medeola (Indian cucumber)
2 3
Lilioideae Tulipeae Tulipa (wild tulip) 1 1
Lilieae Erythronium (trout lily)
Lilium (lily)
2 8

Order Dioscoreales[edit]

The order Dioscoreales contains only a few taxa that are native or naturalized in New York.[1]

Family Nartheciaceae[edit]

The Nartheciaceae Fr. ex Bjurzon has also been placed in the order Nartheciales Reveal & Zomlefer, Novon 8: 176. 15 Jul 1998. It contains a single species that is native to New York.[2]

Genus Aletris[edit]

fam. Nartheciaceae – genus Aletris
Aletris Colic root N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Aletris farinosa L.
Unicorn root,
White colicroot,
White stargrass,
Mealy stargrass,
White-tubed colicroot,
Ague-root, crow-corn

Alétris farineux
Native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[3]

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Aletris farinosa CBM-34.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngColic root flower.jpg
Aletris farinosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Family Dioscoreaceae[edit]

The Dioscoreaceae (yam family).[1]

Genus Dioscorea[edit]

fam. Dioscoreaceae – subfam. Dioscoreoideae – genus Dioscorea
Dioscorea Yam N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Yellow yam,
Wild yam,
Yam root,
Colic root
Native,
Secure
Dioscorea villosa - Wild Yam, female flowers.jpg
Dioscorea villosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N





Images, wsp
 Turcz.

 auct. Dioscorea oppositifolia non L.
1837. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz.
1854. Dioscorea batatas Decne.
Chinese yam,
Cinnamon vine,
Air potato
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 78%[2]
Dioscorea polystachya UGA1237002.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngDioscorea polystachya UGA2307129.jpg
Dioscorea polystachya nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW 




Images, wsp
  1. Dioscoreaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentDioscorea polystachya: High (78).

Order Liliales[edit]

The Liliales...[1]

Family Melanthiaceae[edit]

The Melanthiaceae.[2]

Tribe Melanthieae[edit]

Genus Veratrum[edit]
fam. Melanthiaceae – tribe Melanthieae – genus Veratrum
Veratrum False hellebore N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 Aiton
var. viride

1789. Veratrum viride Aiton
American false-hellebore,
Green false-hellebore,
Indian poke,
American white-hellebore

Vérâtre vert,
Hellébore blanc,
Tabac du diable
Native,
Secure

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Veratrum veride2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 
BNA 

Images, wsp
 (L.) W.T.Aiton

1753. Melanthium virginicum L.
1813. Veratrum virginicum W.T.Aiton
1898. Melanthium dispersum Small
Virginia bunchflower Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC: Not listed

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Veratrum virginicum NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngVeratrum virginicum (as Melanthium virginicum) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
 (Walter)
Zimmerman, James Hall ex Zomlefer

1788. Melanthium hybridum Walter
1797. Melanthium latifolium Desr.
1803. Melanthium racemosum Michx.
1826. Leimanthium hybridum Sweet
1843. Zigadenus hybridus Endl. ex Kunth
1997. Veratrum latifolium Zomlefer
2012. Veratrum hybridum
   Zimmerman, James Hall ex Zomlefer
Crisped bunchflower,
Slender bunchflower
Native,
Extirpated

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Veratrum hybridum (as Melanthium latifolium) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Genus Anticlea[edit]
fam. Melanthiaceae – tribe Melanthieae – genus Anticlea
AnticleaMichx. Death camas N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Pursh) Rydb.

1814. Zigadenus elegans Pursh
1903. Anticlea elegans (Pursh) Rydb.
1903. Anticlea chlorantha (Richardson) Rydb.
Mountain deathcamas,
Mountain death camas,
White camas

Zigadène élégant
Anticlea elegans 5473475.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
Anticlea elegans
var. glaucus (Nutt.) Zomlefer & Judd

1834. Zigadenus glaucus Nutt.
1843. Anticlea glauca Kunth
1973. Zigadenus elegans ssp. glaucus Hultén
1991. Zigadenus elegans
   var.
glaucus Preece ex Cronquist
2009. Zigadenus elegans
   var.
glaucus Zomlefer & Judd
2010. Zigadenus elegans
   ssp.
glaucus A.Haines
Glaucous death camas,
Smooth camas

Zigadène glauque
Native,
Threatened

WL: FACW
Anticlea elegans.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Genus Amianthium[edit]
fam. Melanthiaceae – tribe Melanthieae – genus Amianthium
Amianthium Fly poison N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Walter) A.Gray
Fly-poison Native,
Likely extirpated
Amianthium muscitoxicum (homeredwardprice) 004.jpg
Amianthium muscitoxicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0


FNA 


Images, wsp
Genus Stenanthium[edit]
fam. Melanthiaceae – tribe Melanthieae – genus Stenanthium
Stenanthium Featherbells N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(A.Gray) Zomlefer & Judd

1856. Zigadenus leimanthoides A.Gray
1903. Oceanorus leimanthoides Small
2002. Stenanthium leimanthoides
   (A.Gray) Zomlefer & Judd
Death-camas,
Pine barren deathcamas
Native,
Extirpated
Stenanthium leimanthoides BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N

ITIS



Images, wsp

Tribe Heloniadeae[edit]

Genus Helonias[edit]

Swamp-pink is considered to be extirpated from Staten Island, the only location in New York where it is thought to be native. However it is occasionally found in natural areas where it appears to have been planted.

fam. Melanthiaceae – tribe Heloniadeae – genus Helonias
Helonias Helonias N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Helonias bullata L.
Swamp pink Native,
Extirpated

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Helonias bullata 002.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngHelonias bullata 001.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp

Tribe Chionographideae[edit]

Genus Chamaelirium[edit]
fam. Melanthiaceae – tribe Chionographideae – genus Chamaelirium
Chamaelirium Chamaelirium N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) A.Gray (1848)
Blazing-star,
Devil's-bit,
Fairy-wand,
Rattlesnake-root
Native,
Endangered
Chamaelirium luteum BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngChamaelirium luteum - false unicorn - desc-flowering heads closed.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2





Images, wsp

Tribe Parideae[edit]

Genus Trillium[edit]
fam. Melanthiaceae – tribe Parideae – genus Trillium
Trillium Trillium N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 L.

1753. Trillium erectum L.
1803. T. rhomboideum Michx. superfl.
1803. T. rhomboideum var. album
1814. T. erectum var. erectum
1814. T. erectum var. album
1817. T. purpureum Kin in Elliott
1903. T. album (Michx.) Small
Red trillium,
Wake robin,
Red wakerobin,
Stinking Benjamin,
Stinking Willie,
Birthwort

Trille rouge,
Trille dressé
Native,
Secure
Trillium erectum.JPG
Trillium erectum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Large-flowered trillium,
White trillium,
Great white trillium,
White wake-robin
Native,
Secure
White Trillium Trillium grandiflorum Flower 2613px.jpg
Trillium grandiflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Willd. (1801)

T. erythrocarpum Michx.
Painted lady,
Painted trillium
Native,
Secure
Trillium undulatum 01.jpg
Trillium undulatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Nodding trillium,
Whip-poor-will flower
Native,
Vulnerable
Nodding trillium flower -SC woodlot- 2.JPG
Trillium cernuum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN


FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Raf. (1840)
Bent trillium,
Declined trillium,
Nodding trillium,
Nodding wakerobin
Native,
Endangered
Trillium flexipes 02.jpg
Trillium flexipes NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Sessile trillium,
Toad trillium,
Toadshade
Native,
Endangered
Trillium sessile.JPG
Trillium sessile NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Beck (1826)
Green trillium,
Wood trillium,
Wood wakerobin
Native,
Unranked
Trillium viride BB-1913.png
Trillium viride NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U
USDA-N0


FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 (Muhl.) Harb. (1901)

    
     T. sessile var. luteum
     T. veride var. luteum
Yellow wakerobin,
Yellow trillium,
Yellow toadshade,
Wax trillium
Introduced,
US South native
Trillium luteum 2.jpg
Trillium luteum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-0
USDA-NX



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Family Colchicaceae[edit]

The Colchicaceae.[1]

Tribe Uvularieae[edit]

Genus Uvularia[edit]

Uvularia, or bellwort, is a North American plant genus with five species, all of which grow wild in New York except for Florida bellwort (U. floridana). However, most of New York State is outside the range of U. puberula, pine-barren bellwort, which only occurs in a few locations (or possibly just one) on Long Island, and is considered endangered in the state.

fam. Colchicaceae – tribe Uvularieae – genus Uvularia
Uvularia Bellwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

1753. Uvularia sessilifolia L.
1879. Oakesia sessilifolia (L.) S.Watson
1903. Oakesiella sessilifolia (L.) Small
Sessile-leaved bellwort,
Sessileleaf bellwort,
Straw-lily,
Wild-oats

Uvulaire à feuilles sessiles,
Uvulaire petites-fleurs
Native,
Secure
Uvularia sessilifolia 5504131.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
Sm.

1804. Uvularia grandiflora Sm.
Largeflower bellwort,
Large-flowered bellwort,
Yellow bellwort

Uvulaire à grandes fleurs,
Uvulaire grandes-fleurs,
Uvulaire grandiflore
Native,
Secure
Uvularia grandiflora1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 
IPN 
Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Uvularia perfoliata L.
Perfoliate bellwort,
Straw-bell

Uvulaire perfoliée
Native,
Secure
Uvularia perfoliata.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp

1803. Uvularia puberula Michx.
1879. Oakesia puberula (Michx.) S.Watson
1903. Oakesiella puberula (Michx.) Small
1939. Uvularia pudica (Walter) Fernald
Pine-barren bellwort,
Mountain bellwort
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2],
NYNHP: 1[3]
Uvularia puberula BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW-0

FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Tribe Colchiceae[edit]

Genus Colchicum[edit]
fam. Colchicaceae – tribe Colchiceae – genus Colchicum
Colchicum Colchicum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

     Colchicum autumnale L.
    
    
Autumn crocus,
Common autumn-crocus,
Meadow-saffron
Introduced
20120918Herbstzeitlose Hockenheim2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS



Images, wsp

Family Smilacaceae[edit]

Members he Smilacaceae (greenbrier or catbrier family) have leaves that are not typical of most motocots, in that their veins are reticulate (net-like) between major veins.[1]

Genus Smilax[edit]

fam. Smilacaceae – genus Smilax
Smilax Greenbrier N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.

1753. Smilax herbacea L.
1850. Coprosmanthus herbaceous
   (L.) Kunth

1903. Nemexia herbacea (L.) Small
Carrion-flower,
Jacob’s-ladder,
Smooth carrionflower,
Smooth herbaceous
  greenbrier

Smilax herbacé
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 5

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-vine
Smilax herbacea 1392155 4x3.jpg
Smilax herbacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Smilax tamnoides L.
1840. Smilax hispida Raf.
1843. S. hispida Muhl. ex Torr. (i)
1843. S. grandifolia Buckley
1936. S. regelii Killip & C.V. Morton
Bristly greenbrier,
China-root,
Hispid greenbriar,
Halberdleaf greenbriar

Smilax hispide
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 6

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-vine
Smilax tamnoides NRCS-002 4x3.jpg
Smilax hispida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Smilax rotundifolia L.
1753. Smilax caduca L.
1806. S. quadrangularis
1847. S. rotundifolia
   var.
quadrangularis
Roundleaf greenbrier,
Common greenbrier,
Common catbrier,
Horse-brier,
Bull-brier

Smilax à feuilles rondes
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 4

Perennial,
Vine
Smilax rotundifolia 1.JPG
Smilax rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NEW Can

FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
 Walter

1788. Smilax glauca Walter
1918. Smilax glauca var. leurophylla
    
White-leaved greenbrier,
Glaucous-leaved greenbrier,
Wild sarsaparilla,
Sawbrier,
Catbrier,
Cat greenbrier
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 6

Perennial,
Vine
Smilax glauca 7.JPG
Smilax glauca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
L.

1753. Smilax pseudo china L.
1788. S. inermis Walter
1803. S. tamnifolia Michx.
1850. Coprosmanthus tamnifolius (i)
1903. Nemexia tamnifolia Small (i)
1916. S. leptanthera Pennell
Coastal carrion-flower,
Bamboo vine,
False China-root
Native,
Endangered,
CoC: 10,
NYNHP: 1[2]

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-vine
Smilax pseudochina L. - bamboo vine SMPS.jpg
Smilax pseudochina NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW-0

FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
Michx.

1803. Smilax pulverulenta Michx.
1856. S. herbacea var. pulverulenta
    
Powdery carrion-flower,
Downy carrion-flower,
Jacob's-ladder
Native,
Endangered,
CoC: 10,
NYNHP: 1[3]

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Herb-vine
Smilax pulverulenta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW-0

FNA 
BNA 

Images, wsp
Hook.

1840. Smilax lasioneura Hook.
1850. Coprosmanthus lasioneuron
   (Hook.) Kunth

1878. S. herbacea var. lasioneura
1905. Nemexia lasioneura Rydb. (i)
Midwestern carrion-flower,
Blue Ridge carrion-flower,
Hairy-nerved carrionflower,
Common carrionflower

Smilax à nervures
  pubescentes
Native,
No recent reports,
CoC: 10

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-vine
Smilax lasioneura NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-H?
USDA-NN
NEW-0Can

FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp

Family Liliaceae[edit]

The Liliaceae (lily family).[1]

Subfamily Calochortoideae[edit]

Genus Streptopus[edit]

There are two species of twisted-stalk (Streptopus) found in New York. Rose twistedstalk (S. lanceolatus} has sessile leaves (not clasping), while white twistedstalk (S. amplexifolius} has clasping leaves.

fam. Liliaceae – subfam. Calochortoideae – genus Streptopus
StreptopusMichx. 1803 Twisted stalk N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Aiton) Reveal

1789. Uvularia lanceolata Aiton
1803. Streptopus roseus Michx.
1901. Streptopus curvipes Vail
1906. Streptopus longipes Fernald
1993. Streptopus lanceolatus Reveal
Rosy twisted-stalk,
Rose twisted-stalk,
Rose mandarin,
Lance-leaved twistedstalk,
Sessile-leaved twistedstalk,
Simple-stemmed twistedstalk

Streptope rose
Native,
Secure
Streptopus lanceolatus 01.jpg
Streptopus lanceolatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 (L.) DC.

1753. Uvularia amplexifolia L.
1805. Streptopus amplexifolius DC.
1906. Convallaria amplexifolia
   E.H.L.Krause

1933. Tortipes amplexifolius Small
White mandarin,
White twisted-stalk,
Claspleaf twistedstalk,
Clasping-leaved twistedstalk,
Liverberry
Native,
Likely secure
Streptopus amplexifolius 13.JPG
Streptopus amplexifolius NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-MN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Streptopus × oreopolus
 Fernald

Streptopus amplexifolius ×
Streptopus lanceolatus

1906. Streptopus oreopolus Fernald
1935. Streptopus amplexifolius
   var.
oreopolus Fassett
Mandarin,
Twisted stalk
Native,
Unranked
Streptopus amplexifolius 5000.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngStreptopus lanceolatus 6008.JPG
Streptopus × oreopolus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW 

Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. Liliaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
Genus Prosartes[edit]
fam. Liliaceae – subfam. Calochortoideae – genus Prosartes
Prosartes Fairy bells N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Michx.) D. Don (1839)

Disporum lanuginosum
Streptopus lanuginosus
Hairy mandarin,
Yellow fairybells,
Yellow mandarin,
Hairy Disporum
Native,
Likely secure
Prosartes lanuginosa (4751215894) 4x3.jpg
Prosartes lanuginosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
NEW-0


BNA 

Images, wsp
 (Buckley) A.Gray

1843. Streptopus maculatus Buckley
1844. Prosartes maculata A.Gray
1888. Disporum maculatum Britton
1923. Disporum cahnae Farwell
1935. Disporum schaffneri Moldenke
Yellow mandarin,
Nodding mandarin,
Spotted mandarin
Introduced,
N. America native
Prosartes maculata flower 002.jpg
Prosartes maculata nymap.svg
NYFA-cult.
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp

Subfamily Medeoloideae[edit]

Genus Medeola[edit]
fam. Liliaceae – subfam. Medeoloideae – genus Medeola
Medeola Indian cucumber N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Medeola virginiana L.
Indian cucumber,
Indian cucumber-root

Médéole de Virginie,
Concombre sauvage,
Jarnotte
Native,
Secure
Medeola virginiana 4055.JPG
Medeola virginiana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 


Images, wsp
Genus Clintonia[edit]
fam. Liliaceae – subfam. Medeoloideae – genus Clintonia
Clintonia Blue bead N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Aiton) Raf.

1789. Dracaena borealis Aiton
1811. Smilacina borealis (Aiton) Ker Gawl.
1817. Convallaria borealis (Aiton) Poir.
1832. Clintonia borealis (Aiton) Raf.
Bluebead,
Yellow blue-bead lily,
Yellow clintonia,
Corn-lily, Clinton lily,
Dogberry

Clintonie boréale,
Lis-boréal
Native,
Secure

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NLW DeerLake2 tango7174.jpg
Clintonia borealis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
(Michx.) Morong (1894)

Clintonia alleghaniensis
Convallaria umbellulata
Xeniatrum umbellulatum
White clintonia,
Speckled wood-lily,
Clinton's lily
Native,
Rare
Clintonia umbellulata FWS-4x3.jpg
Clintonia umbellulata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Subfamily Lilioideae[edit]

Tribe Tulipeae[edit]

fam. Liliaceae – subfam. Lilioideae – tribe Tulipeae
Tulipa Tulip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Tulipa sylvestris L.
1837. Liriopogon sylvestre (L.) Raf.
Wild tulip Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa,
No specimens
Tulipa sylvestris (flower).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp

Tribe Lilieae[edit]

Genus Erythronium[edit]
fam. Liliaceae – subfam. Lilioideae – tribe Lilieae – genus Erythronium
Erythronium Fawn lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Ker Gawl. (1808)
ssp. americanum
Dogtooth violet,
Yellow trout-lily
Native,
Secure
Erythronium americanum - Heron Rookery65.jpg
Erythronium americanum ssp americanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-



BNA 

Images, wsp
 Nutt. (1818)
White fawnlily,
White trout-lily
Native,
Likely secure
Erythronium albidum NRCS-2.jpg
Erythronium albidum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4





Images, wsp
Genus Lilium[edit]

"True" lilies are those of the genus Lilium and don't include daylilies, lilies of the valley, or other species with "lily" in their common names.

fam. Liliaceae – subfam. Lilioideae – tribe Lilieae – genus Lilium
Lilium Lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

1753. Lilium canadense L.
1753. L. canadense ssp. canadense
1813. L. canadense var. coccineum
1813. L. canadense var. flavum
1890. L. canadense fo. rubrum
1943. L. canadense var. editorum
Canada lily

Lis du Canada
Native,
Secure
Lilium canadense 03.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. editorum (Fernald) Wherry
= Lilium canadense
Red Canada lily Native,
Synonym
Lilium canadense ssp editorum FWS-4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.

1762. Lilium philadelphicum L.
Wood lily,
Philadelphia lily

Lis de Philadelphie
Native,
Likely secure
Lilium philadelphicum 5504099.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 


Images, wsp
 L.

1762. Lilium superbum L.
1871. L. canadense ssp. superbum
Turk’s-cap lily Native,
Likely secure
Lilium superbum FWS-4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Farw.

1915. Lilium michiganense Farw.
1915. L. michiganense var. uniflorum
1956. L. canadense ssp. michiganense
1947. L. canadense fo. umbelliferum
1967. L. canadense var. umbelliferum
Michigan lily Native,
Endangered
Lilium michiganense Madison.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW-0
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Lilium canadense × michiganense

Lilium canadense ×
Lilium michiganense

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 Canada lily &
 Michigan lily
Native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U





Images, wsp
Tiger lily,
Lance-leaved tiger lily
Introduced from
 China
Lilia tygrysia.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 


BNA 

Images, wsp