Flora of New York/Dioscoreales & Liliales

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Acorales & Alismatales
Flora of New York — Dioscoreales & Liliales
Asparagales (1)
Orchidaceae & Hypoxidaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The Dioscoreales, Liliales and Asparagales form an informal group of monocots (Lilianae), known as the "lilioid monocots."[1][2]
monocots

Acorales

Alismatales

Dioscoreales

NartheciaceaeAletris farinosa (white colicroot, unicorn root)

Dioscoreaceae

Dioscorea villosa (wild yam)

Dioscorea polystachya (Chinese yam, cinnamon vine) 

Liliales
Melanthiaceae
Melanthieae

Anticlea elegans (white death camas)

Stenanthium leimanthoides (pine barrens death camas)

Veratrum viride (false hellebore, Indian corn lily)

Veratrum virginicum (Virginia bunchflower)†

Veratrum hybridum (crisped bunchflower)†

Amianthium muscitoxicum (fly poison)†

Heloniadeae—Helonias bullata (swamp pink)

Chionographideae—Chamaelirium luteum (fairywand, devil’s bit)

Parideaee—Trillium spp. (8 trilliums)

ColchicaceaeUvularieaeUvularia spp. (4 bellworts)

SmilacaceaeSmilax spp. (7 carrion flowers, greenbiers)

Liliaceae

Asparagales

Orchidaceae

Hypoxidaceae

Iridaceae

Asphodelaceae

Amaryllidaceae

Asparagaceae

Poales

Zingiberales

Commelinales

alismatid
monocots
lilioid
monocots
commelinid
monocots

  1. APG IV (2016). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1111/boj.12385. 
  2. Chase, Mark W; Reveal, James L (2009), "A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 122–127, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.01002.x, http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/downloads/APG2.pdf 
Superorder Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Common names #
lilioid
monocots
Dioscoreales Nartheciaceae Aletris colic root 1
Narthecium asphodel X
Dioscoreaceae Dioscoreoideae Dioscorea yam 2
Liliales Colchicaceae Uvularieae Uvularia bellwort 4
Colchiceae Colchium autumn crocus X
Melanthiaceae Melanthieae Melanthium bunchflower 2
Veratrum false hellebore 1
Anticlea death camas 1
Amianthium fly poison 1
Stenanthium featherbells 6
Heloniadeae Helonias swamp pink 1
Chionographideae Chamaelirium fairywand, devil's bit 1
Parideae Trillium trillium, wake-robin 7
Smilacaceae Smilax greenbrier 7
Liliaceae Calochortoideae Streptopus twisted stalk 2
Prosartes fairy bells 1
Medeoloideae Clintonia bluebead 1
Medeola Indian cucumber 2
Lilioideae Tulipeae Tulipa wild tulip 1
Lilieae Erythronium trout lily 2
Lilium lily 6
Asparagales Orchidaceae Vanilloideae Pogonieae Pogonia snakemouth orchid 3
Isotria fiveleaf orchid 3
Cypripedioideae Cypripedium lady's slipper 7
Epidendroideae Neottieae Epipactis helleborine 2
Neottia twayblade 4
Triphoreae Triphora noddingcaps 1
Arethuseae Arethusa dragon's mouth 2
Malaxideae Liparis widelip-orchid 2
Malaxis adder's-mouth-orchid 3
Maxillarieae Corallorhiza coralroot 6
Aplectrum Adam and Eve 1
Calypsoeae Calypso fairy slipper 1
Tipularia cranefly orchid 1
Orchidoideae Orchideae Amerorchis roundleaf orchis 1
Coeloglossum frog-orchid 1
Galearis galearis 1
Platanthera fringed-orchid 18
Cranichideae Goodyera rattlesnake-plantain 3
Spiranthes ladies'-tresses 14
Hypoxidaceae Hypoxis eastern yellow stargrass 1
Iridaceae Iridoideae Irideae Iris iris 10
Sisyrinchieae Sisyrinchium blue-eyed grass 7
Crocoideae Ixiae Crocus crocus 4
Asphodelaceae Hemerocallidoieae Hemerocallideae Hemerocallis daylily 2
Amaryllidaceae Allioideae Allieae Allium garlic, onion, leek, chives 14
Amaryllidoideae Narcisseae Narcissus daffodil 4
Galantheae Galanthus snowdrop 2
Leucojum snowflake 1
Asparagaceae Scilloideae Ornithogaleae Ornithogalum star-of-Bethlehem 2
Hyacintheae Chionodoxa glory of the snow 1
Hyacinthoides English-bluebell 2
Muscari grape-hyacinth 1
Scilla squill 1
Agavoideae Agaveae Yucca Adam's needle 1
Hosta plantain lily 4
Camassia Atlantic camas 0
Asparagoideae Asparagus asparagus 1
Nolinoideae Convallarieae Convallaria lily-of-the-valley 2
Polygonateae Maianthemum mayflower 4
Polygonatum Solomon's-seal 3

Order Dioscoreales[edit | edit source]

The order Dioscoreales contains only a few taxa that are native or naturalized in New York.[1]

Family Nartheciaceae[edit | edit source]

The Nartheciaceae Fr. ex Bjurzon has also been placed in the order Nartheciales Reveal & Zomlefer, Novon 8: 176. 15 Jul 1998. It contains a single species that is native to New York.[2]

Aletris[edit | edit source]

Aletris farinosa, white colicroot
Of the five colic-root (Aletris) species native to North America, only Aletris farinosa (white colicroot, unicorn root, or stargrass) is found as far north as New York State, where it is listed as a threatened native plant.
Dioscoreales — Nartheciaceae — Aletris
Aletris Colic root N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Aletris farinosa L.
Unicorn root,
White colicroot,
White stargrass,
Mealy stargrass,
White-tubed colicroot,
Ague-root,
Crow-corn
Alétris farineux
Native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[1]

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Aletris farinosa WFNY-016.jpg
Aletris farinosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
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VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
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Narthecium[edit | edit source]

Dioscoreales — Nartheciaceae — Narthecium
Narthecium (excluded taxa) Asphodel N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Ker Gawl.

1812. Narthecium americanum Ker Gawl.
1867. N. ossifragum var. americanum
1894. Abama americana
(Ker Gawl.) Morong
Yellow asphodel,
Bog asphodel
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Narthecium americanum flowering.JPG
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies

Family Dioscoreaceae[edit | edit source]

The Dioscoreaceae (yam family).[1]

Dioscorea[edit | edit source]

Dioscorea villosa
wild yam

  1. Dioscoreaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
Dioscoreales — Dioscoreaceae — Dioscoreoideae — Dioscorea
Dioscorea Yam N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Dioscorea villosa L.
1791. D. quaternata J.F.Gmel.
1803. D. paniculata Michx. (i)
1833. D. glauca Muhl. ex L.C.Beck (i)
1866. Merione villosa (L.) Salisb.
1910. D. hirticaulis Bartlett
1964. D. villosa var. hirticaulis (Bartlett) H.E.Ahles
Wild yam,
Yam root,
Wild yam root,
Colic root,
China root,
Yellow yam,
Four-leaved yam
Igname velue,
Dioscorée velue
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Vine
Dioscorea villosa 001.JPG
Dioscorea villosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N
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ARS-GRIN
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 Turcz.

 auct. Dioscorea oppositifolianon L.
 auct. Dioscorea oppositanon Thunb. (i)
1837. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz.
1865. Dioscorea decaisneana Carriere
1854. Dioscorea batatas Decne.
Chinese yam,
Cinnamon vine,
Air potato
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS: 78%[1]
Dioscorea polystachya UGA2307129.jpg
Dioscorea polystachya nymap.svg
NYFA: 6 counties
iNat: 6 counties
iMap: 5 counties
NYFA-X
USDA-X
Go Botany
iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
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Order Liliales[edit | edit source]

The Liliales...[1]

Family Melanthiaceae[edit | edit source]

The Melanthiaceae (bunchflower family) contains eight genera (about 16 species) found outside of cultivation in New York State.[1]
Melanthiaceae
Melanthieae

Anticlea elegans (white death camas)

Stenanthium leimanthoides (pine barrens death camas)

Veratrum viride (false hellebore, Indian corn lily)

Veratrum virginicum (Virginia bunchflower)†

Veratrum hybridum (crisped bunchflower)†

Amianthium muscitoxicum (fly poison)†

Heloniadeae—Helonias bullata (swamp pink)

Chionographideae—Chamaelirium luteum (fairywand, devil’s bit)

Parideaee—Trillium spp. (8 trilliums)



Tribe Melanthieae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Melanthieae Grisebach
Anticlea[edit | edit source]
Anticlea elegans
White death camas are threatened in New York State.
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Melanthieae — Anticlea
AnticleaMichx. Death camas N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Pursh) Rydb.
var. glauca (Nutt.) Zomlefer & Judd

1818. Melanthium glaucum Nutt.
1830. Leimanthium glaucum
(Nutt.) Schult. & Schult.f.
1834. Zigadenus glaucus (Nutt.) Nutt.
1836. Evonyxis glaucus (Nutt.) Raf.
1843. Anticlea glauca (Nutt.) Kunth
1973. Z. elegans ssp. glaucus
1991. Z. elegans var. glaucus
2009. A. elegans var. glaucus
2010. A. elegans ssp. glaucus
White death-camas,
Glaucous death camas,
Smooth camas,
White camas
Zigadène glauque
Native, CoC: 9,
Threatened

FACW
Anticlea elegans (7833258356).jpg
Nymap.svg
Genesee, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Onondaga, St. Lawrence
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
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AnticleaMichx. (excluded taxa) Death camas N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Pursh) Rydb
var. elegans

1814. Zigadenus elegans Pursh
1903. Anticlea elegans (Pursh) Rydb.
1903. A. chlorantha (Richardson) Rydb.
1903. A. coloradensis (Rydb.) Rydb.
1905. Z. alpinus Blank.
Mountain deathcamas,
Mountain death camas
Zigadène élégant
N. America native,
excluded

FACW
Anticlea elegans (Glacier National Park, Montana - 2006).jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Stenanthium[edit | edit source]
The endangered pine barrens death camas (Stenanthium leimanthoides) is closely related to S. densum (Osceola’s plume, black snakeroot, crow poison). If lumped as conspecific, S. densum would probably have priority, since its basionym is Melanthium densum Desr. (1797).
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Melanthieae — Stenanthium
Stenanthium Featherbells N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(A.Gray) Zomlefer & Judd

1837. Amianthium leimanthoides
A.Gray
1857. Zigadenus leimanthoides
(A.Gray) A.Gray
1903. Oceanorus leimanthoides
(A.Gray) Small
2002. Stenanthium leimanthoides
(A.Gray) Zomlefer & Judd
Pine barren death-camas,
Pine barren deathcamas,
Death-camas
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Stenanthium densum.jpg
Nymap.svg
Nassau, Oneida, Richmond, Suffolk
NYFA-Z
USDA-N
Go Botany-0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
Stenanthium (excluded taxa) Featherbells N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Desr.) Zomlefer & Judd

1797. Melanthium densum Desr.
1856. Zigadenus leimanthoides
A. Gray
1903. Tracyanthus angustifolius
(Michx.) Small
1940. Z. densus (Desr.) Fernald
2002. S. densum
(Desr.) Zomlefer & Judd
Osceola's plume,
Black snakeroot,
Crow poison
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Stenanthium densum Awp-0670.png
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-N0
Go Botany-0
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
(Ker Gawl.) Morong

1813. Helonias graminea Ker Gawl.
1894. Stenanthium gramineum
(Ker Gawl.) Morong
1879. S. robustum S.Watson
1946. S. gramineum var. micranthum
1946. S. gramineum var. robustum
Eastern featherbells,
Feather-fleece
N. America native,
No NY reports
Stenanthium gramineum GotBot 2015 001.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
Go Botany
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Veratrum sect. Veratrum[edit | edit source]
Veratrum viride
American false-hellebore (Veratrum viride)
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Melanthieae — Veratrum
Veratrum False hellebore N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Aiton

1789. Veratrum viride Aiton
American false-hellebore,
Green false-hellebore,
Indian poke,
American white-hellebore
Vérâtre vert,
Hellébore blanc,
Tabac du diable
Native,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Veratrum viride WFNY-011.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
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ARS-GRIN
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Veratrum sect. Fuscoveratrum[edit | edit source]
Melanthium virginicum
Many sources treat the bunchflower species of Melanthium as part of Veratrum. Both of the New York bunchflowers are now presumed to be extirpated.
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Melanthieae — Melanthium
Veratrum sect. Fuscoveratrum Bunchflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) W.T.Aiton

1753. Melanthium virginicum L.
1813. Veratrum virginicum W.T.Aiton
1898. Melanthium dispersum Small
Virginia bunchflower Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC: Not listed

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Veratrum virginicum WFNY-010.jpg
Nymap.svg
Nassau, Orange, Richmond, Rockland
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
FNA
NatureServe
Images
Wikispecies
 (Walter)
Zimmerman, James Hall ex Zomlefer

1788. Melanthium hybridum Walter
1797. Melanthium latifolium Desr.
1803. Melanthium racemosum Michx.
1826. Leimanthium hybridum Sweet
1843. Zigadenus hybridus Endl. ex Kunth
1997. Veratrum latifolium Zomlefer
2012. Veratrum hybridum
Zimmerman, James Hall ex Zomlefer
Crisped bunchflower,
Slender bunchflower
Native,
Extirpated

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Veratrum hybridum (as Melanthium latifolium) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
Nassau, Orange, Queens, Westchester
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
Go Botany
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
NatureServe
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Wikispecies
Amianthium[edit | edit source]
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Melanthieae — Amianthium
Amianthium Fly poison N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Walter) A.Gray

1788. Melanthium muscaetoxicum
Walter
1837. A. muscaetoxicum (Walter) A.Gray
1883. Zigadenus muscitoxicum
(Walter) Regel
1891. Chrosperma muscitoxicum
(Walter) Kuntze
1891. Chrysosperma muscitoxicum
(Walter) Kuntze
Fly-poison,
Flypoison,
Crow poison
Native,
Likely extirpated
Amianthium muscitoxicum Lackawanna.jpg
Amianthium muscitoxicum NY-dist-map.png
Nassau, Queens
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
Go Botany
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FNA
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Tribe Heloniadeae[edit | edit source]

Helonias[edit | edit source]
Helonias bullata
swamp pink
Swamp-pink is considered to be extirpated from Staten Island, the only location in New York where it is thought to be native. However it is occasionally found in natural areas where it appears to have been planted.
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Heloniadeae — Helonias
Helonias Helonias N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Helonias bullata L.
Swamp pink Native,
Extirpated

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
1024 Helonias bullata, Arktisch-alpiner Garten Chemnitz-0929.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Chionographideae[edit | edit source]

Chamaelirium[edit | edit source]
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Chionographideae — Chamaelirium
Chamaelirium Chamaelirium N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) A.Gray (1848)

Devil's-bit,
Fairy-wand,
Rattlesnake-root,
Blazing-star
Native, CoC: 9,
Endangered,
NYNHP: S1S2[1]

FACU
Chamaelirium luteum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Parideae[edit | edit source]

The tribe Parideae contains the genera Trillium (with 3 petals) and the Eurasian Paris (with more than 4 or more petals). Paris species are not listed as having naturalized in New York.
Trillium[edit | edit source]
Trillium erectum

Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Parideae — Trillium
Trillium Trillium N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Trillium erectum L.
1803. Trillium rhomboideum Michx. superfl.
1803. Trillium rhomboideum var. album
1814. Trillium erectum var. erectum
1814. Trillium erectum var. album
1817. Trillium purpureum Kin in Elliott
1903. Trillium album (Michx.) Small
Red trillium,
Wake robin,
Red wakerobin,
Stinking Benjamin,
Stinking Willie,
Birthwort
Trille rouge,
Trille dressé
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Myrmecochore
Purple Trillium.JPG
Trillium erectum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
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 (Michx.) Salisb.

1803. Trillium rhomboideum
var. grandiflorum Michx.
1805. Trillium grandiflorum (Michx.) Salisb.
White trillium,
Great white trillium,
White wake-robin,
Large-flowered trillium
Trille grandiflore
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Myrmecochore
T. grandiflorum.jpg
Trillium grandiflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
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 Willd. (1801)

T. erythrocarpum Michx.
Painted trillium,
Painted lady
Trille ondulé
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Myrmecochore
Painted Trillium (4751254400).jpg
Trillium undulatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ITIS
FNA
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 L. (1753)

Nodding trillium,
Whip-poor-will flower
Native, CoC: 8,
Vulnerable

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Myrmecochore
Trillium cernuum 4 (5097401247).jpg
Trillium cernuum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
Go Botany
FNA
NatureServe
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 Raf.

1840. Trillium flexipes Raf.
1906. T. declinatum (A. Gray) Gleason
nom. illeg. hom.
1932. T. gleasonii Fernald
Bent trillium
Declined trillium
Nodding trillium
Nodding wakerobin
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered
Trillium erectum, 2021-05-06, Bird Park, 01.jpg
Trillium flexipes NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
FNA
Tropicos
NatureServe
BONAP
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Wikispecies
 L. (1753)

Sessile trillium,
Toad trillium,
Toadshade
Native,
Endangered
Trillium sessile - Toadshade.jpg
Trillium sessile NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NatureServe
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
L.C.Beck

    
    
    
Prairie trillium

N. America native,
Unk. naturalization
Trillium recurvatum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0
Go Botany
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Wikispecies
Trillium (excluded taxa) Trillium N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.C.Beck

Green trillium,
Wood trillium,
Wood wakerobin
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Trillium viride BB-1913.png
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0
FNA
NatureServe
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
 (Muhl.) Harb. (1901)

    
    T. sessile var. luteum
    T. veride var. luteum
Yellow wakerobin,
Yellow trillium,
Yellow toadshade,
Wax trillium
N. America native,
US South native
Trillium luteum01.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NX
NatureServe
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
Riddell

    
    
    
Snow wakerobin
Snow trillium
Dwarf white trillium
Dwarf white wakerobin

N. America native,
US Midwest native
Trillium nivale FWS-3.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
Images
Wikispecies

Family Colchicaceae[edit | edit source]

The Colchicaceae.[1]
  1. Colchicaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Tribe Uvularieae[edit | edit source]

Uvularia[edit | edit source]
Uvularia sessilifolia
sessile-leaved bellwort
Uvularia, or bellwort, is a North American plant genus with five species, all of which grow wild in New York except for Florida bellwort (U. floridana). However, most of New York State is outside the range of Uvularia puberula, pine-barren bellwort, which may occur in only a few locations on Long Island, and is considered endangered in the state. A 2013 observation of Uvularia puberula was also reported from Rhododendron Swamp in the Mohonk Preserve.[1]

Note that both perfoliate bellwort (U. perfoliata) and large-flowered bellwort (U. grandiflora) have perfoliate leaves.


Liliales — Colchicaceae — Uvularieae — Uvularia
Uvularia Bellwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Uvularia sessilifolia L.
1879. Oakesia sessilifolia (L.) S.Watson
1903. Oakesiella sessilifolia (L.) Small
Sessile-leaved bellwort,
Sessileleaf bellwort,
Straw-lily,
Wild-oats
Uvulaire à feuilles sessiles,
Uvulaire petites-fleurs
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FACU-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Uvularia sessilifolia WFNY-020A.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Sm.

1804. Uvularia grandiflora Sm.
Largeflower bellwort,
Large-flowered bellwort,
Yellow bellwort
Uvulaire à grandes fleurs,
Uvulaire grandes-fleurs,
Uvulaire grandiflore
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

N. R.

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Uvularia grandiflora WFNY-020B.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Uvularia perfoliata L.
Perfoliate bellwort,
Straw-bell
Uvulaire perfoliée
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Perfoliate Bellwort (4750636615).jpg
Nymap.svg
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1803. Uvularia puberula Michx.
1879. Oakesia puberula (Michx.) S.Watson
1903. Oakesiella puberula (Michx.) Small
1939. Uvularia pudica (Walter) Fernald
Pine-barren bellwort,
Mountain bellwort,
Appalachian bellwort
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1],
NYNHP: 1[2]
Uvularia puberula iNat-137631419.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Suffolk (1925, 87)
iNat: No NY observations
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Tribe Colchiceae[edit | edit source]

Colchicum[edit | edit source]
Colchicum autumnale
Autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale) has been excluded from the New York Flora Atlas, but has been reported as apparently-non-cultivated observations on iNaturalist, where it is shown as present in about eight counties. Interestingly, the genus Crocus, several species of which are also found in New York, is placed in the Iridaceae in order Asparagales.
Liliales — Colchicaceae — Colchiceae — Colchicum
Colchicum Colchicum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

    Colchicum autumnale L.
    
    
Autumn crocus,
Common autumn-crocus,
Meadow-saffron
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Colchicum autumnale sl1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA: 0 counties
iNat: 8 counties
NYFA-Excluded
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Family Smilacaceae[edit | edit source]

Members he Smilacaceae (greenbrier or catbrier family) have leaves that are not typical of most monocots, in that their veins are reticulate (net-like) between major veins. Smilax is the only genus of this family found in the wild in New York State.[1]
  1. Smilacaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Smilax[edit | edit source]

Smilax tamnoides (bristly greenbriar) flowers
Bristly greenbriar may have comprised the briar patch into which Brer Rabbit begged Brer Fox not to throw him.[1]
Liliales — Smilacaceae — Smilax
Smilax Greenbrier N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Smilax herbacea L.
1850. Coprosmanthus herbaceous (L.) Kunth
1903. Nemexia herbacea (L.) Small
Carrion-flower,
Jacob’s-ladder,
Smooth carrionflower,
Smooth herbaceous
  greenbrier
Smilax herbacé
Native, CoC: 5,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-vine
Smilax herbacea - Smooth Carrionflower.jpg
Smilax herbacea NY-dist-map.png
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 L.

1753. Smilax tamnoides L.
1840. Smilax hispida Raf.
1843. Smilax hispida Muhl. ex Torr. (nom. illeg.)
1843. Smilax grandifolia Buckley
1933. Smilax hispida var. australis J.B.Norton
1936. Smilax regelii Killip & C.V.Morton
1944. Smilax tamnoides var. hispida (Muhl. ex Torr.) Fernald
1944. Smilax hispida var. montana Coker
Bristly greenbrier,
China-root,
Hispid greenbriar,
Halberdleaf greenbriar
Smilax hispide
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-vine
Smilax tamnoides 2009-05-24 04.jpg
Smilax hispida NY-dist-map.png
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 L.

1753. Smilax rotundifolia L.
1753. Smilax caduca L.
1806. Smilax quadrangularis
1847. Smilax rotundifolia var. quadrangularis (Muhl. ex Willd.) Alph.Wood
Roundleaf greenbrier,
Common greenbrier,
Common catbrier,
Horse-brier,
Bull-brier
Smilax à feuilles rondes
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

Perennial,
Vine
Smilax rotundifolia - Roundleaf Greenbrier.jpg
Smilax rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
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 Walter

1788. Smilax glauca Walter
1918. Smilax glauca var. leurophylla S.F.Blake
White-leaved greenbrier,
Glaucous-leaved greenbrier,
Wild sarsaparilla,
Sawbrier,
Catbrier,
Cat greenbrier
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

Perennial,
Vine
Smilax glauca 1120432.jpg
Smilax glauca NY-dist-map.png
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L.

1753. Smilax pseudo china L.
1788. Smilax inermis Walter
1803. Smilax tamnifolia Michx.
1850. Coprosmanthus tamnifolius (Michx.) Kunth
1903. Nemexia tamnifolia (Michx.) Small
1916. Smilax leptanthera Pennell
Coastal carrion-flower,
Bamboo vine,
False China-root
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-vine
Smilax pseudochina BB-1913-2.png
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Michx.

1803. Smilax pulverulenta Michx.
1856. S. herbacea var. pulverulenta
    
Powdery carrion-flower,
Downy carrion-flower,
Jacob's-ladder
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[2]

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-vine
Smilax pulverulenta NY-dist-map.png
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Hook.

1840. Smilax lasioneura Hook.
1850. Coprosmanthus lasioneuron (Hook.) Kunth
1878. Smilax herbacea var. lasioneura (Hook.) A.DC.
1905. Nemexia lasioneura (Hook.) Rydb.
Midwestern carrion-flower,
Blue Ridge carrion-flower,
Hairy-nerved carrionflower,
Common carrionflower
Smilax à nervures
  pubescentes
Native, CoC: 10,
No recent reports

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-vine
Smilax lasioneura kz02.jpg
Smilax lasioneura NY-dist-map.png
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Family Liliaceae[edit | edit source]

The Liliaceae (lily family).[1]
  1. Liliaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Subfamily Streptopoideae[edit | edit source]

The subfamily Streptopoideae Reveal (syn. Scoliopaceae Takhtajan) contains Streptopus, Scoliopus and Prosartes. [1]
Streptopus[edit | edit source]
Streptopus lanceolatus
rose twisted-stalk
Two species of twisted-stalk (Streptopus) are found in New York. Rose twisted-stalk (S. lanceolatus) has sessile leaves that are not clasping, while white twisted-stalk (S. amplexifolius) has clasping leaves. The hybrid of these two species (Streptopus × oreopolus) was collected in Madison County in 2021.[1][2]
Liliales — Liliaceae — Calochortoideae — Streptopus
StreptopusMichx. 1803 Twisted stalk N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Aiton) Reveal

1789. Uvularia lanceolata Aiton
1803. Streptopus roseus Michx.
1901. Streptopus curvipes Vail
1906. Streptopus longipes Fernald
1993. Streptopus lanceolatus Reveal
Rose twisted-stalk,
Rosy twisted-stalk,
Rose mandarin,
Rosybells,
Lance-leaved twistedstalk,
Sessile-leaved twistedstalk,
Simple-stemmed twistedstalk
Streptope rose
Native,
Secure
Streptopus lanceolatus (3818283128).jpg
Streptopus lanceolatus NY-dist-map.png
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 (L.) DC.

1753. Uvularia amplexifolia L.
1805. Streptopus amplexifolius DC.
1906. Convallaria amplexifolia E.H.L.Krause
1933. Tortipes amplexifolius Small
White twisted-stalk,
White mandarin,
Claspleaf twistedstalk,
Clasping-leaved twistedstalk,
Liverberry
Native,
Likely secure
Streptopus amplexifolius 10424.JPG
Streptopus amplexifolius NY-dist-map.png
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 Fernald

Streptopus amplexifolius ×
Streptopus lanceolatus

1906. Streptopus oreopolus Fernald
1935. Streptopus amplexifolius var. oreopolus Fassett
Mountain-dwelling twisted stalk,
Twisted stalk hybrid,
Mandarin
Native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Madison (2021)
iNat: Madison (2021)
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Prosartes[edit | edit source]
Prosartes lanuginosa
hairy mandarin
Fairy bells (genus Prosartes) includes six North American species. Of these, only Prosartes lanuginosa is native to New York State.
Liliales — Liliaceae — Calochortoideae — Prosartes
Prosartes Fairy bells N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Michx.) D.Don

1803. Streptopus lanuginosus Michx.
1839. Prosartes lanuginosa (Michx.) D.Don
1884. Disporum lanuginosum (Michx.) G. Nicholson
Hairy mandarin,
Yellow fairybells,
Yellow mandarin,
Hairy Disporum
Native,
Likely secure
Yellow Fairybells (4751215894).jpg
Prosartes lanuginosa NY-dist-map.png
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Prosartes (cultivated taxa) Fairy bells N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Buckley) A.Gray

1843. Streptopus maculatus Buckley
1844. Prosartes maculata A.Gray
1888. Disporum maculatum Britton
1923. Disporum cahnae Farwell
1935. Disporum schaffneri Moldenke
Yellow mandarin,
Nodding mandarin,
Spotted mandarin
Introduced,
N. America native,
Not naturalized
Prosartes maculata flower 002 (4x5).jpg
Excluded nymap.svg

NYFA: Not listed
iNat: No observations
NYFA-cult.
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Subfamily Medeoloideae[edit | edit source]

Medeola[edit | edit source]
Medeola virginiana
Indian-cucumber (genus Medeola) is now treated as containing the single eastern North American species Medeola virginiana.
Liliales — Liliaceae — Medeoloideae — Medeola
Medeola Indian cucumber N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Medeola virginiana L.
Indian cucumber-root,
Indian cucumber
Médéole de Virginie,
Concombre sauvage,
Jarnotte
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure,
S5, G5

FACU-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Medeole de virginie.jpg
Medeola virginiana NY-dist-map.png
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Clintonia[edit | edit source]
Clintonia borealis

Liliales — Liliaceae — Medeoloideae — Clintonia
Clintonia Blue bead N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Aiton) Raf.

1789. Dracaena borealis Aiton
1811. Smilacina borealis (Aiton) Ker Gawl.
1817. Convallaria borealis (Aiton) Poir.
1832. Clintonia borealis (Aiton) Raf.
1843. Clintonia borealis (Aiton) Raf. ex Torr.
Bluebead,
Yellow blue-bead lily,
Yellow clintonia,
Corn-lily, Clinton lily,
Dogberry
Clintonie boréale,
Lis-boréal
Native,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Clintonia borealis 140615.jpg
Clintonia borealis NY-dist-map.png
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(Michx.) Morong

1803. Convallaria umbellulata Michx.
1894. Clintonia umbellulata (Michx.) Morong
    Clintonia alleghaniensis
    Xeniatrum umbellulatum
White clintonia
Speckled wood-lily
Speckle wood-lily
Native, CoC: 8,
Rare,
S2, G5
Clintons lily clintonia umbellulata (3x4).jpg
Clintonia umbellulata NY-dist-map.png
5 counties
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Subfamily Lilioideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Tulipeae[edit | edit source]

Tulipa[edit | edit source]
Tulipa sylvestris

Liliales — Liliaceae — Lilioideae — Tulipeae — Tulipa
Tulipa Tulip N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Tulipa sylvestris L.
1837. Liriopogon sylvestre (L.) Raf.
Tulip
Wild tulip
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa,
Not naturalized,
 USGS: L48 established,
SNA

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Tulipa sylvestris 02.JPG
Nymap.svg
Cayuga (1961)
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Tribe Lilieae[edit | edit source]

The lilies (Lilieae), as circumscribed here, contain the trout lilies and the "true" lilies.
Erythronium[edit | edit source]
Erythronium americanum
Of the about 24 Erythronium trout lily species native to North America, only Erythronium albidum and Erythronium americanum are found in New York.

The European Erythronium dens-canis is being tracked in New York, New Jersey, and Vermont,[1] and is occasionally cultivated. Specimens of Erythronium dens-canis exist from Richmond County Courthouse[2] and Coffin Woods Preserve in the Town of Oyster Bay (Long Island).[3]


Liliales — Liliaceae — Lilioideae — Lilieae — Erythronium
Erythronium Fawn lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Ker Gawl.
ssp. americanum

1808. Erythronium americanum Ker Gawl.
American trout-lily,
Yellow trout-lily,
Dogtooth violet
Native, CoC: 5,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Myrmecochore
Bright yellow trout lily erythronium americanum nodding bloom with red stamen.jpg
Erythronium americanum ssp americanum NY-dist-map.png
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 Nutt.

1818. Erythronium albidum Nutt.
White trout-lily,
White fawnlily
Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Myrmecochore
Erythronium albidum (13783759094).jpg
Erythronium albidum NY-dist-map.png
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L.

1753. Erythronium dens-canis L.
European trout lily

Introduced from
 Europe,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 USGS: L48 established
Erythronium dens-canis cv. 02.JPG
Excluded nymap.svg

NYFA: not listed
iNat: Nassau (2016)

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Lilium[edit | edit source]
Lilium canadense
"True" lilies are those of the genus Lilium and don't include daylilies, lilies of the valley, or other species with "lily" in their common names.
Liliales — Liliaceae — Lilioideae — Lilieae — Lilium
Lilium Lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Lilium canadense L.
1796. Lilium pulchrum Salisb.
1805. Lilium penduliflorum Redouté
1813. Lilium canadense var. coccineum Pursh
1813. Lilium canadense var. flavum Pursh
1847. Lilium pendulum Spae
1871. Lilium canadense var. hartwegii Baker
1875. Lilium canadense var. rubroflavum T.Moore
1875. Lilium canadense var. rubrum T.Moore
1890. Lilium canadense fo. rubrum Britton
1915. Lilium peramoenum Farw.
1935. Lilium michiganense fo. peramoenum (Farw.) Stoker
1943. Lilium canadense var. editorum Fernald
1947. Lilium philadelphicum ssp. editorum (Fernald) Wherry
1956. Lilium canadense fo. peramoenum (Farw.) B.Boivin & Cody
Canada lily,
Canadian lily,
Wild yellow lily,
Yellow bell lily,
Red Canada lily
Lis du Canada
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun
Lilium canadense WFNY-014.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.

1762. Lilium philadelphicum L.
1813. Lilium andinum Nutt. nom. nud.
1813. Lilium umbellatum Pursh
1822. Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum Ker Gawl.
1895. Lilium philadelphicum fo. andinum (Ker Gawl.) Voss
1981. Lilium philadelphicum ssp. umbellatum (Pursh) Á.Löve & D.Löve
Wood lily,
Philadelphia lily
Lis de Philadelphie
Native, CoC: 8,
Likely secure
Lilium philadelphicum WFNY-013.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.

1762. Lilium superbum L.
1871. L. canadense ssp. superbum
Turk’s-cap lily Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure
Lilium superbum (Turk's Cap Lily).jpg
Nymap.svg
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 Farw.

1915. Lilium michiganense Farw.
1915. L. michiganense var. uniflorum
1956. L. canadense ssp. michiganense
1947. L. canadense fo. umbelliferum
1967. L. canadense var. umbelliferum
Michigan lily
Lis du Michigan
Native, CoC: 7,
Endangered

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lilium michiganense TURK'S CAP LILY 2703-13.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Lilium canadense × michiganense

Lilium canadense ×
Lilium michiganense

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 Canada lily &
 Michigan lily
Hybride de
 Lis du Canada et de
 Lis du Michigan
Native,
Unranked
CanadaLily.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Thunb.

1794. Lilium lancifolium Thunb.
1809. Lilium tigrinum Ker Gawl. (i)
Tiger lily,
Lance-leaved tiger lily
Lis tigré
Introduced from
 China
Lilium lancifolium flower.JPG
Nymap.svg
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