Flora of New York/Lamiales 3

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Lamiales 2
Flora of New York — Lamiales 3
Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Mazaceae[edit]

The Mazaceae (mazus family) consists of the single genus Mazus.

Genus Mazus[edit]

The 30 or so Mazus species are native to Asia and Australasia. Only two of these have been reported outside of cultivation in New York.
Lamiales — Mazaceae — Mazus
MazusLour. Mazus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Makino

1865. Vandellia japonica Miq.
1902. Mazus miquelii Makino
1914. Mazus reptans N.E.Br.
Miquel's mazus,
Creeping mazus
Introduced from
 Asia
Mazus miquelii2.jpg
Mazus miquelii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Burm.f.) Steenis

1768. Lobelia pumila Burm.f.
1784. Lindernia japonica Thunb.
1891. M. japonicus (Thunb.) Kuntze
1958. M. pumilus (Burm.f.) Steenis
Japanese mazus Introduced from
 Asia
Mazus pumilus 1.jpg
Mazus pumilus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp

Family Phrymaceae[edit]

The Phrymaceae (lopseed family)...

Tribe Mimuleae[edit]

Genus Mimulus[edit]
Lamiales — Phrymaceae — Mimuleae — Mimulus
Mimulus Monkey flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

Allegheny monkey-flower,
Squarestem monkeyflower
N.Y. native,
Secure
Mimulus ringens 02.jpg
Mimulus ringens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Aiton

Sharpwing monkey-flower N.Y. native,
Rare
Mimulus alatus - Winged Monkeyflower 2.jpg
Mimulus alatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Dougl. ex Lindl.

Musk-flower,
Musk-plant
Introduced,
N. America native
Mimulus moschatus 1.jpg
Mimulus moschatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 DC.

Seep monkey-flower Introduced,
Western native
Mimulus guttatus 002.JPG
Mimulus guttatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus Glossostigma[edit]
Lamiales — Phrymaceae — Mimuleae — Glossostigma
Glossostigma Mudmat N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
W.R.Barker

1891G. diandrumauct. non. Kuntze
1992. G. cleistanthum W.R.Barker
Mudmats,
Mud-mat,
Mud mat
Introduced from
 Australia,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: 35%[1]
Glossostigma cleistanthum 5448302.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-X0
NEW 
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentGlossostigma cleistanthum: Potential (35). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Tribe Phrymeae[edit]

Lamiales — Phrymaceae — Phrymeae
Phryma Lopseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Lopseed,
American lopseed
N.Y. native,
Secure
Phryma leptostachya var. asiatica 8.JPG
Phryma leptostachya NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Family Paulowniaceae[edit]

Genus Paulownia[edit]

The Paulowniaceae (princesstree family) is represented by a single species growing outside of cultivation in New York.

Lamiales — Paulowniaceae — Paulownia
Paulownia Paulownia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Thunb.) Siebold & Zucc. ex Steud.

1784. Bignonia tomentosa Thunb.
1835. Paulownia imperialis Siebold & Zucc.
1841. Paulownia tomentosa
Siebold & Zucc. ex Steud.
Princesstree,
Royal paulownia,
Empress tree,
Foxglove tree
Introduced from
 Asia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 51%[1]

UPL-FACU

Perennial,
Tree
Paulownia tomentosa - flowers.jpg
Paulownia tomentosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentPaulownia tomentosa: Moderate (51). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Family Orobanchaceae[edit]

The subfamilial classification used here for the Orobanchaceae (broomrape family) is based in part on McNeal, et. al. (2013) "Pylogeny and Origins of Holoparasitism in Orobanchaceae" American Journal of Botany 100(5): 971–983. 2013.

Subfamily Rhinanthoideae[edit]

Tribe Castillejeae[edit]

Castillejeae Reveal, Phytoneuron 2012-37: 216. 23 Apr 2012

Lamiales — Orobanchaceae — Rhinanthoideae — Castillejeae
Castilleja Indian paintbrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Scarlet Indian-paintbrush N.Y. native,
Endangered
Castilleja coccinea.jpg
Castilleja coccinea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N






Images, wsp
Orthocarpus Owl's-clover N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Benth.

Rosy owl's-clover Introduced,
Impersistent
Orthocarpus bracteosus.jpg
Orthocarpus bracteosus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Tribe Gerardieae[edit]

Genus Aureolaria[edit]
Lamiales — Orobanchaceae — Orobanchoideae — Gerardieae — Aureolaria
Aureolaria False-foxglove N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(L.) Pennell

Downy false-foxglove,
Downy yellow false foxglove
N.Y. native,
Secure
Aureolaria virginica BB-1913.png
Aureolaria virginica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
var. flava

Smooth yellow false foxglove N.Y. native,
Secure
Aureolaria flava var flava drawing.png
Aureolaria flava var flava NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Fern-leaved yellow false foxglove N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Aureolaria pedicularia var pedicularia BB-1913.png
Aureolaria pedicularia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
var. macrantha

Smooth yellow false foxglove N.Y. native,
Endangered
False foxglove flower aureolaria flava.jpg
Aureolaria flava var macrantha NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1






Images, wsp
Genus Agalinis[edit]
Lamiales — Orobanchaceae — Orobanchoideae — Gerardieae — Agalinis
Agalinis False-foxglove N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
var. tenuifolia

Slender false-foxglove N.Y. native,
Secure
Agalinis tenuifolia drawing.png
Agalinis tenuifolia var tenuifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5






Images, wsp
var. parviflora

Slender-leaved false foxglove N.Y. native,
Unranked
Agalinis tenuifolia - Slender False Foxglove.jpg
Agalinis tenuifolia var parviflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
var. macrophylla

Slender-leaved false foxglove N.Y. native,
Unranked
Agalinis tenuifolia macrophylla drawing.png
Agalinis tenuifolia var macrophylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U






Images, wsp

Purple false foxglove N.Y. native,
Vulnerable
Agalinis purpurea NRCS.jpg
Agalinis purpurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4






Images, wsp
var. paupercula

Small-flowered false foxglove N.Y. native,
Vulnerable
Agalinis paupercula drawing.png
Agalinis paupercula var paupercula NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3?






Images, wsp
var. borealis

False-foxglove N.Y. native,
Rare
Agalinis paupercula.jpg
Agalinis paupercula var borealis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3






Images, wsp

Fascicled false-foxglove N.Y. native,
Rare
Agalinis fasciculata drawing.png
Agalinis fasciculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3






Images, wsp
var. maritima

Salt-marsh false-foxglove N.Y. native,
Threatened
Agalinis maritima drawing-1.png
Agalinis maritima var maritima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3






Images, wsp

Sandplain gerardia,
Sandplain agalinis,
Sandplain false foxglove
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Agalinis acuta at Trustom Pond NWR.jpg
Agalinis acuta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N






Images, wsp

Thread-leaved gerardia Introduced Agalinis setacea drawing.png
Agalinis setacea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X






Images, wsp

Tribe Pedicularideae[edit]

Lamiales — Orobanchaceae — Rhinanthoideae — Pedicularideae
Pedicularis Lousewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
ssp. canadensis

Canadian lousewort,
Forest lousewort,
Wood-betony
N.Y. native,
Secure
Pedicularis canadensis.png NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Michx.

Swamp lousewort N.Y. native,
Threatened
Pedicularis lanceolata BB-1913.png
Pedicularis lanceolata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Tribe Buchnereae[edit]

Lamiales — Orobanchaceae — Orobanchoideae — Buchnereae
Buchnera Bluehearts N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

American bluehearts,
Bupleurum
N.Y. native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Buchnera americana.png
Buchnera americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N






Images, wsp

Tribe Rhinantheae[edit]

Lamiales — Orobanchaceae — Rhinanthoideae — Rhinantheae
Melampyrum Cow-wheat N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 Desr.
var. lineare

Narrowleaf cowwheat,
American cow-wheat
N.Y. native,
Secure
Melampyrum lineare BB-1913.png
Melampyrum lineare var lineare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Desr.
var. latifolium

Narrowleaf cowwheat,
Narrow-leaved cow-wheat
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Melampyrum lineare 4272.JPG
Melampyrum lineare var latifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Desr.
var. pectinatum

Narrowleaf cowwheat,
Narrow-leaved cow-wheat
N.Y. native,
Unranked
Melampyrum lineare 8746.jpg
Melampyrum lineare var pectinatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Rhinanthus Yellow rattle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Scop.) Pollich (1777)

European yellow rattle Introduced,
N. America native
Rhinanthus alectolophorus minor 220505.jpg NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Little yellow rattle Introduced,
N. America native
XN Rhinanthus minor 00.jpg NYFA-X






Images, wsp
Euphrasia Eyebright N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 D.Wolff ex J.F.Lehm.

Drug eyebright Introduced Euphrasia stricta (Larvik).JPG
Euphrasia stricta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Odontites Odontites N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Bellardi) Dumort.
ssp. serotinus

Red bartsia Introduced Odontites vernus (8349606056).jpg
Odontites vernus ssp serotinus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Subfamily Orobanchoideae[edit]

Tribe Orobancheae[edit]

Genus Epifagus[edit]
Lamiales — Orobanchaceae — Orobanchoideae — Orobancheae — Epifagus
EpifagusNutt. Beech drops N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Beechdrops N.Y. native,
Secure
Epifagus virginiana.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus Conopholis[edit]
American cancer-root (Conopholis americana) is an achlorophyllous plant that parasitizes the roots of various oak (Quercus) species.
Lamiales — Orobanchaceae — Orobanchoideae — Orobancheae — Conopholis
Conopholis Cancer root N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Wallr.

1767. Orobanche americana L.
1825. Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr.
Oak-drops
American cancer-root
Squawroot
Squaw root
American squaw-root
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Squaw Root - Conopholis americana, G. R. Thompson Wildlife Management Area, Linden, Virginia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus Orobanche[edit]
Lamiales — Orobanchaceae — Orobanchoideae — Orobancheae — Orobanche
Orobanche Broom rape N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2

One-flowered broomrape N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Broom rape flowers.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Small broomrape,
Clover broomrape,
Hellroot
Introduced Orobanche minor 1.jpg
Orobanche minor NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Tribe Cymbarieae[edit]

Lamiales — Orobanchaceae — Orobanchoideae — Cymbarieae
Schwalbea Chaff seed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)

Chaffseed N.Y. native,
Likely extirpated
Schwalbea americana.jpg NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

Family Verbenaceae[edit]

The Verbenaceae (vervain family) ...

Tribe Verbeneae[edit]

Genus Verbena[edit]
Verbena sect. Verbena[edit]
Lamiales — Verbenaceae — Verbeneae — Verbena — sect. Verbena
Verbenasect. Verbenaser. Candelabrae Vervain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L.

1753. Verbena hastata L.
1818. V. hastata var. hastata
1963. V. hastata var. scabra
Blue vervain,
Swamp verbena,
Simpler's-joy,
American blue vervain,
Wild hyssop
Verveine hastée,
Verveine scabre
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 3,
Secure

FACW

Biennial, perennial,
Herb-forb
Verbena hastata 09837.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Vent.

Hoary verbena,
Hoary vervain
Introduced from
 Midwest,
N. America native

Biennial, perennial,
Herb-forb
Hoary Vervain (Verbena stricta).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
Verbenasect. Verbenaser. Leptostachyae Vervain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L.

1753. Verbena urticaefolia L.
1924. V. urticifolia var. urticifolia
1936. V. leiocarpa var. urticifolia
White vervain,
Nettle-leaf vervain,
Burvine
Verveine blanche
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 2,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Verbena urticifolia - White Vervain.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Moldenke

Verbena hastata ×
Verbena urticifolia

Hybrid vervain N.Y. native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Verbenasect. Verbenaser. Simplices Vervain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Lehm.

1803. Verbena angustifolia
Michx.non Miller 1768
1825. Verbena simplex Lehm.
    
Narrowleaf vervain,
Narrow-leaf vervain,
Narrow-leaved vervain
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Likely secure
Verbena simplex.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Verbenasect. Verbenaser. Bracteatae Vervain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11

Prostrate vervain,
Bigbract verbena
Introduced,
N. America native
Verbena bracteata (5241564143).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Moldenke

Verbena bracteata ×
Verbena urticifolia

Hybrid vervain N.Y. native,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Verbenasect. Verbenaser. Plicatae Vervain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11

Western vervain Introduced Verbena lasiostachys var. scabrida 001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X






Images, wsp
Verbenasect. Verbenaser. Verbena Vervain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11

European vervain Introduced Verbena officinalis Enfoque 2011-6-25 SierraMadrona.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Verbena sect. Verbenaca [edit]
Purple-topped vervain has been introduced from South America as a horticultural plant, but in New York State, it has only been verified as naturalizing in the Bronx.
Lamiales — Verbenaceae — Verbeneae — Verbena — sect. Verbenaca
Verbenasect. Verbenacaser. Pachystachyae Vervain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L.

1753. Verbena bonariensis L.
1904. Verbena bonariensis
var. conglomerata Briq.
Purpletop vervain,
Purple-topped vervain,
Argentine vervain,
South American vervain
Introduced from
 South America,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: NA[1]

FACU-FAC

Biennial,
Herb-subshrub
Verbena bonariensis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp

Tribe Lantaneae[edit]

Genus Phyla[edit]
Lamiales — Verbenaceae — Lantaneae — Phyla
Phyla Fogfruit N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Michx.) Greene

    Phyla lanceolata
    Lippia lanceolata
Northern bog-fruit,
Lanceleaf fogfruit,
Frogfruit
Introduced,
N. America native

FACW-OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb, vine
Phyla lanceolata NRCS-1.jpg NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Family Pedaliaceae[edit]

Subfamily Pedalioideae[edit]

Tribe Sesameae[edit]

Lamiales — Pedaliaceae — Pedalioideae — Sesameae
Sesamum Sesame N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)

Sesame,
Sésame
Introduced,
Impersistent
Sesamum indicum fructus.jpg NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Family Martyniaceae[edit]

Lamiales — Martyniaceae
Proboscidea Unicorn plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. louisianica

    
    
    
Devil's-claw,
Ram's horn
Introduced,
N. America native
Proboscidea louisianica3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX






Images, wsp

Family Linderniaceae[edit]

The Linderniaceae ...

Tribe Lindernieae[edit]

Genus Lindernia[edit]

Lamiales — Linderniaceae — Lindernieae — Lindernia
Lindernia False pimpernel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (L.) Pennell
var. dubia

    Ilysanthes attenuata
    Ilysanthes dubia
 auct. L. procumbensnon Borb.
Short-stalked false pimpernel,
Yellowseed false pimpernel,
Yellow-seeded false pimpernel
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 6,
Secure

Biennial,
Herb-forb
Lindernia dubia - False Pimpernel.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS




Images, wsp
 (L.) Pennell
var. anagallidea
(Michx.) Cooperr.

    Ilysanthes anagallidea
    Ilysanthes inequalis
    Lindernia anagallidea
Long-stalked false pimpernel,
Yellowseed false pimpernel,
Yellow-seeded false pimpernel
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Secure

Biennial,
Herb-forb
Lindernia dubia NRCS-1.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 



LBJ

Images, wsp
(Krock.) Philcox

1753. Lindernia pyxidaria L.
1790. Anagalloides procumbens Krock.
1965. L. procumbens (Krock.) Philcox
Prostrate false pimpernel Introduced from
 Eurasia,
N.Y. excluded
Lindernia procumbens.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0



BNA


Images, wsp

Genus Micranthemum[edit]

Lamiales — Linderniaceae — Lindernieae — Micranthemum
Micranthemum Mud flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
(Nutt.) Wettst.

1817. Hemianthus micranthemoides Nutt.
1867. Micranthemum nuttallii A. Gray
1891. Globifera micranthemoides
(Nutt.) Kuntze
1891. M. micranthemoides (Nutt.) Wettst.
Nuttall's micranthemum,
Nuttall's mudflower,
Nuttall's mudwort
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated,
Impersistent

OBL

Annual,
Herb-forb
Micranthemum micranthemoides BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0

ITIS
Trop.
BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp

Family Bignoniaceae[edit]

The Bignoniaceae (bignonia family)...

Tribe Tecomeae[edit]

Genus Campsis[edit]

Trumpet-creeper is probably native to Pennsylvania and New Jersey and southward to the Gulf of Mexico. It may be considered somewhat invasive outside its native range.

Lamiales — Bignoniaceae — Tecomeae — Campsis
Campsis Campsis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Seem. ex Bureau

1753. Bignonia radicans L.
    Tecoma radicans (L.) Juss.
1867. Campsis radicans
Trumpet-creeper,
Trumpet vine
Introduced,
NYS CoC: 0,
N. America native

FAC

Perennial,
Vine
Campsis radicans 0.3 R.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Catalpeae[edit]

Genus Catalpa[edit]

Southern catalpa (C. bignonioides) and northern caltapa (C. speciosa) are U.S. natives, but not as far north and east as New York State, where they are cultivated and somewhat adventive in suitable locations.

Lamiales — Bignoniaceae — Catalpeae — Catalpa
Catalpa Catalpa N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
Walter

1788. Catalpa bignonioides
Walter
    C. catalpa (L.) Karst. (i)
1807. Bignonia triloba
T.Freeman & Custis
Southern catalpa,
Cigar tree,
Indian-bean-tree
Introduced,
US South native
Catalpa bignonioides 2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW 
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
(Warder) Warder ex Engelm.

    
1875. Catalpa speciosa
(Warder) Warder ex Engelm.
    
Northern catalpa Introduced,
Midwest native
Catalpa speciosa1UME.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW 
ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 G.Don (1837)

Chinese catalpa,
Yellow catalpa
Introduced,
Asia native
CatalpaOvata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Family Acanthaceae[edit]

The Acanthaceae (acanthus family) primarily consists of tropical plants, with only a one or two species existing outside of cultivation in New York.

Subfamily Acanthoideae[edit]

Tribe Ruellieae[edit]

Genus Ruellia[edit]
Ruellia humilis,
hairy wild petunia
There are about 20 North American native Ruellia species, but none are known to truly naturalize in New York State. R. humilis (hairy wild petunia) is the only Ruellia species listed in the New York Flora Atlas.
Lamiales — Acanthaceae — Ruellieae — Ruellia
Ruellia Petunia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Nutt.

1835. Ruellia humilis Nutt.
Hairy wild petunia
Fringeleaf wild petunia
Fringe-leaf wild petunia
Fringe-leaved wild petunia
Wild petunia

Introduced,
Midwest native,
Not naturalized
Ruellia July 2011-1.jpg
Ruellia humilis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Justicieae[edit]

Genus Justicia[edit]
Justicia americana,
American Water-willow
Justicia (named after Scottish horticulturist James Justice) contains many evergreen shrubs known as water willows. About 25 of these are native to North America. The most widespread, and the only Justicia species hardy as far north as New York, is Justicia americana or American water-willow.
Lamiales — Acanthaceae — Justicieae — Justicia
Justicia Water-willow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Vahl

1753. Dianthera americana L.
1791. Justicia americana Vahl
1913. J. umbratilis S.Moore
1942. J. mortuifluminis Fernald
American water-willow,
Common water-willow,
Spike justica
Carmantine d'Amérique,
Justicia d'Amérique
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Justicia americana - Water Willow 2.jpg
Justicia americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.
BNA

BBG 
Images, wsp

Family Lentibulariaceae[edit]

The Lentibulariaceae (bladderwort family) contains three genera of carnivorous plants, two of which, the butterworts and the bladderworts are represented in the wild in New York.

Genus Pinguicula[edit]

Lamiales — Lentibulariaceae — Pinguicula
Pinguicula Butterwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)

Common butterwort N.Y. native,
Threatened
Grassette commune.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Genus Utricularia[edit]

There are over 200 species of bladderworts worldwide, all of which are carnivorous.

Utricularia subg. Bivalvaria[edit]

Lamiales — Lentibulariaceae — Utricularia — subg. Bivalvaria
Utriculariasect. Stomoisia Bladderwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 Michx. (1803)

Horned bladderwort N.Y. native,
Secure
Utricularia cornuta Orchi 12.jpg NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Vahl (1804)

Southern bladderwort N.Y. native,
Endangered
Utricularia juncea.jpg NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

Utricularia subg. Utricularia[edit]

Lamiales — Lentibulariaceae — Utricularia — subg. Utricularia
Utriculariasect. Utricularia Bladderwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 L.

1753. Utricularia gibba L.
    
    
Humped bladderwort N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Secure
Utricularia gibba L. (6741560471).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. macrorhiza (Leconte) R.T.Clausen

1824. Utricularia macrorhiza Leconte
ex Torrey
1836. Megozipa macrorhiza Raf.
1917. U. vulgaris ssp. americana
1949. U. vulgaris ssp. macrorhiza
Common bladderwort,
Greater bladderwort
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Likely secure
Utricularia macrorhiza flower.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Hayne

Flat-leaved bladderwort N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Likely secure
Utricularia intermedia BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS




Images, wsp
 Benj.

Hiddenfruit bladderwort N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Rare
Utricularia geminiscapa PinhookBog.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Lesser bladderwort N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Rare
Utricularia minor USDA.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Walter (1788)

Swollen bladderwort N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Threatened
Utricularia inflata 01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Small (1903)

Small floating bladderwort,
Little floating bladderwort
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Threatened
Utricularia radiata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
Leconte ex Torr. (1819)

Striped bladderwort N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Threatened
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

Utricularia intermedia ×
Utricularia minor

Yellowishwhite bladderwort N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
Utriculariasect. Vesiculina Bladderwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 Walter

Eastern purple bladderwort N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Likely secure
Utricularia purpurea BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
Utriculariasect. Lecticula Bladderwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
B.D.Greene ex Bigelow (1840)

Lavender bladderwort N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Likely secure
Utricularia resupinata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
Utriculariasect. Setiscapella Bladderwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 L. (1753)

Zigzag bladderwort N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Rare
Utricularia subulata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp

References[edit]