Flora of New York/Lamiales 2

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Lamiales 1:
Oleaceae

Scrophulariaceae
Flora of New York — Lamiales 2: : Lamiaceae
Lamiales 3:
Mazaceae

Lentibulariaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Lamiaceae[edit]

The Lamiaceae (mint family) is the sixth largest family of the flowering-plants.[F 1]

Subfamily Viticoideae[edit]

Although no members of the Viticoideae (sage subfamily) have yet been verified outside of cultivation in New York, the beach vitex has been documented as having the potential to be highly invasive in the Long Island region. The genus Callicarpa is included here only for convenience, as it is currently unplaced within the Lamiaceae but is said to be "allied" to the Viticoideae.[1] Callicarpa americana has also not been found to have naturalized in New York, but it is cultivaed and sold in the "native plant" trade.

Genus Vitex[edit]

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Viticoideae – genus Vitex
Vitex Chaste-tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
L.f.

1782. Vitex rotundifolia L.f.
1784. Vitex ovata Thunb.
1847. Vitex trifolia var. unifoliolata
1891. Vitex ovata var. subtrisecta
1903. Vitex trifolia var. ovata
1959. Vitex trifolia var. simplicifolia
Beach vitex,
Roundleaf chaste-tree,
Chasteberry,
Monk's pepper
Introduced from
 western Pacific,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[2]

Perennial,
Shrub
Starr 070621-7372 Vitex rotundifolia.jpg
Vitex rotundifolia nymap.svg

USDA-X0
NEW-0Can-0
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp

Genus Callicarpa[edit]

American beautyberry is native to the Southeast and occasionally planted in New York as a "native" shrub, but its has not been known to naturalize in the Northeast.

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Viticoideae – genus Callicarpa
Callicarpa Beautyberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0

1753. Callicarpa americana L.
1755. Burchardia americana (L.) Duhamel
American beautyberry,
Beauty-berry,
French mulberry
Introduced from
 southeastern US,
US South native
Starr 031108-2111 Callicarpa americana.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Subfamily Ajugoideae[edit]

The Ajugoideae

Tribe Ajugeae[edit]

Genus Trichostema[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Ajugoideae – tribe Ajugeae – genus Trichostema
Trichostemasect. Trichostema Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

Trichostema pilosum
T. dichotomum var. puberulum
Forked bluecurls,
Bastard pennyroyal,
Common blue curls
Native,
Secure
Trichostema dichotomum 4564 4x3.jpg
Trichostema dichotomum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp

T. dichotomum var. lineare
T. lineare
Narrowleaf bluecurls,
Narrow-leaved blue-curls
Native,
Endangered
Trichostema setaceum BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Trichostemasect. Orthopodium Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Trichostema brachiatum L.
1803. Isanthus coeruleus Michx.
1888. Isanthus brachiatus B.S.P.[1]
1933. Isanthus brachiatus var. linearis
1943. Tetraclea viscida Lundell
Fluxweed,
False pennyroyal,
Glade blue curls,
Pennyroyal blue curls
Native,
Rare
Trichostema brachiatum BB-1913.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
  1. Weakley (2005) suggests that Trichostema sect. Orthopodium could be moved to Isanthus, which would return Trichostema brachiatum to Isanthus brachiatus. Weakley, Alan. 2005. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia. Working draft. June 10, 2005. University of North Carolina Herbarium, Chapel Hill, NC.
Genus Ajuga[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Ajugoideae – tribe Ajugeae – genus Ajuga
Ajuga Bugle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Carpet bugle,
Common bugle,
Blue bugle,
Bugle rampante
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
CP-5[1],
NE-3[2]
Vršky - Díly (05).jpg
Ajuga reptans nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Geneva bugle Introduced
Ajuga genevensis.JPG
Ajuga genevensis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Teucrieae[edit]

Genus Teucrium[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – tribe Teucrieae – genus Teucrium
Teucrium Germander N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
var. canadense

Teucrium canadense vars.
Teucrium littorale
Canada germander Native,
Secure
Teucrium canadense NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngTeucrium canadense var canadense BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
var. occidentale

Teucrium boreale
Teucrium occidentale
American germander,
Western germander
Native,
Likely secure
Teucrium canadense var occidentale BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngTeucrium canadense BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
Cutleaf germander,
Cut-leaved germander
Introduced
Teucrium botrys 090308.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngTeucrium botrys 141007.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp

Subfamily Scutellarioideae[edit]

Genus Scutellaria[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Scutellarioideae – genus Scutellaria
Scutellaria Skullcap N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
 L.
Hooded skullcap,
Marsh skullcap
Native,
Secure
Scutellaria galericulata 2.jpg
Scutellaria galericulata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Blue skullcap,
Mad-dog skullcap
Native,
Secure
Scutellaria lateriflora - Blue Skullcap.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. parvula
Small skullcap Native,
Rare,
DEC-C[1]
NYFA-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
var. missouriensis
Leonard's skullcap Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Biehler
var. incana
Hoary skullcap,
Downy skullcap
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[2]
Scutellaria incana 1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngScutellaria incana.jpg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 L.
Helmet flower,
Hyssop skullcap
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
Scutellaria integrifolia NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngScutellaria integrifolia BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Spreng.
var. elliptica

Scutellaria ovalifolia Pers.
Scutellaria pilosa Michx.
Hairy skullcap Native,
Likely extirpated
Scutellaria elliptica var elliptica drawing 1.png
Scutellaria elliptica var elliptica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Fernald
[ galericulata × lateriflora ]
Skullcap Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Pursh
Veined skullcap Native,
Likely extirpated
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Showy skullcap Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z





Images, wsp

Subfamily Lamioideae[edit]

Tribe Marrubieae[edit]

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe Marrubieae
Ballota Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L,
Black horehound Introduced
Ballota nigra.jpeg
Ballota nigra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Marrubium Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Horehound Introduced
Marrubium vulgare 003.JPG
Marrubium vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Moluccella Moluccella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Shellflower Introduced,
Impersistent
Moluccella cf laevis 2.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngMoluccella laevis flower.JPG
Moluccella laevis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp

Tribe Lamieae[edit]

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe Lamieae
Lamiastrum Lamiastrum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Ehren. & Polatschek

1753. Galeopsis galeobdolon L.
1769. Lamium galeobdolon Crantz
1778. Galeobdolon luteum Huds.
1966. Lamiastrum galeobdolon Ehren. &al.
Yellow archangel,
Yellow henbit,
Aluminum plant,
Artillery plant

Lamier jaune,
Ortie jaune,
Lamier doré
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
Weed[1]
Galeobdolon argentatum blatt.jpeg
Lamiastrum galeobdolon NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
Lamium Deadnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.

1753. Lamium album L.
White deadnettle,
White-nettle,
White henbit,
Snowflake
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Taubnesseln.jpg
Lamium album NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lamium amplexicaule L.
1960. Lamium amplexicaule var. album (i)
Henbit deadnettle,
Common dead-nettle,
Common henbit,
Clasping henbit
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa
Lange Stängel Pflanze Südhessen April 2012.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Lamium album var. maculatum L.
1763. Lamium maculatum L.
Spotted deadnettle,
Spotted henbit,
Variegated deadnettle

Lamier maculé,
Lamier tacheté
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[2],
IPA
Lamiaceae - Lamium maculatum-1.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. purpureum

1753. Lamium purpureum L.
1852. Lamiopsis purpurea (L.) Opiz
Purple deadnettle,
Red hanbit,
Red deadnettle
Introduced
Lamium purpureum Closeup.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
var. incisum

     Lamium dissectum With.
 auct. Lamium hybridum non Vill.
     Lamium purpureum var. incisum (Willd.) Pers.
Hybrid deadnettle,
Purple deadnettle,
Red deadnettle,
Red hanbit
Introduced
Lamium purpureum 1 beentree.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
  1. Lamiastrum galeobdolon is declared as a noxious weed in Oregon and Washington state
  2. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Leonureae[edit]

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe Leonureae
Leonurus Motherwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

Leonurus glaucescens
Common mother-wort,
Motherwort
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[1]
P1030981-Leonurus-cardiaca.JPG
Leonurus cardiaca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.

Chaiturus marrubiastrum
Lion's tail Introduced
Leonurus marrubiastrum detail.jpeg
Leonurus marrubiastrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Phlomideae[edit]

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe Phlomideae
Phlomis Jerusalem-sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

    
    
    
Jerusalem sage Introduced
Phlomis tuberosa3.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Tribe Synandreae[edit]

Genus Physostegia[edit]

The only native or naturalized member of Physostegia found in New York is P. virginiana, the commonly-cultivated 'northern obedient-plant. Although it is considered native to New York, most populations are probably the result of naturalized escapes.[1]

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe Synandreae – genus Physostegia
Physostegia Lionsheart N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Benth.
ssp. virginiana

1753. Dracocephalum virginianum L.
1789. Dracocephalum denticulatum Aiton
1830. Physostegia speciosa Sweet
1834. Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.
1908. Physostegia formosior Lunell
1931. Dracocephalum formosius Rydb.
1982. P. virginiana ssp. virginiana autonym
Obedient plant,
False dragon-head,
Obedient false dragon-head,
Virginia false dragon-head

Physostégie de Virginie
Native,
Secure
Physostegia virginiana 9433.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 
Images, wsp

Tribe Stachydeae[edit]

Genus Stachys[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe Stachydeae – genus Stachys
Stachys Hedgenettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Willd.

1800. Stachys tenuifolia Willd.
1814. Stachys hispida Pursh
1836. Stachys glabra Riddell
1920. S. palustris var. macrocalyx Jenn.
1943. S. tenuifolia var. platyphylla Fernald
1943. S. tenuifolia var. perlonga Fernald
1943. S. tenuifolia var. hispida Fernald
1972. S. palustris var. hispida B.Boivin
Smooth hedgenettle,
Smooth hedge-nettle,
Slender betony
Native,
Likely secure
Stachys tenuifolia - Hedge Nettle.jpg
Stachys tenuifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. hyssopifolia

     Stachys hyssopifolia Michx.
     Stachys atlantica Britton
     Stachys lythroides Small
Hyssopleaf hedgenettle,
Hyssop-leaved
    hedge-nettle
Native,
Threatened
Stachys hyssopifolia BB-1913.png
Stachys hyssopifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW Can-0
ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Stachys palustris L.
1849. S. palustris var. elliptica Clos
1879. S. palustris var. petiolata T.Durand
1881. S. palustris var. segetum Nyman
1908. S. palustris var. homotricha Fernald
Marsh hedge-nettle,
Marsh woundwort,
Marsh betony

Épaire des marais,
Crapaudine
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Stachys palustris20110630 03.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 K.Koch
Woolly hedgenettle,
Lamb's ears,
Epiaire laineuse
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Stachys byzantina Yvoire-2 4x3.jpg
Stachys byzantina nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Stachys sylvatica L.
Whitespot,
Woodland hedge-nettle,
Hedge woundwort

Épaire des bois,
Épaire des forêts
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Hedge Woundwort (Stachys sylvatica).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Betonica annua L.
1763. Stachys annua (L.) L.
Annual hedgenettle

Épiaire annuelle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
Stachys annua 4x3.jpg
Stachys annua nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Bunge

1833. Stachys affinis Bunge
1865. Stachys sieboldii Miq.[1]
1887. Stachys tuberifera Naudin
Artichoke betony,
Chinese artichoke,
Crosne du Japon
Introduced from
 China,
Impersistent
Stachys sieboldii0.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngStachys sieboldii1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Glechoma arvensis L.
1763. Stachys arvensis (L.) L.
1778. Cardiaca arvensis (L.) Lam.
Field hedgenettle,
Staggerweed,
Field woundwort

Épiaire des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N. Africa,
Impersistent
Stachys arvensis 01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (K. Koch) Stearn

1800. Betonica grandiflora Stephan (i)
1834. S. grandiflora (Willd.) Benth. hom.
1849. Betonica macrantha K.Koch
1951. Stachys macrantha (K.Koch) Stearn
Big-sage Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Impersistent,
No specimens
Stachys macrantha0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 (L.) Trevis.

1753. Betonica officinalis L.
1834. Stachys betonica Benth.
Common hedgenettle Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N.Africa,
Impersistent
Betonica Officinalis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
 Riddell

1848. Stachys nuttallii Shuttlw. ex Benth.
1903. Stachys salvioides Small
1920. Stachys riddellii House
1927. Stachys subcordata Rydb.
1936. Stachys cordata Riddell
Heartleaf hedgenettle,
Heart-leaved
  hedge-nettle
Introduced,
Excluded
Stachys cordata BB-1913-2.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS

BNA 

Images, wsp

Tribe uncertain[edit]

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe uncertain
Galeopsis Hempnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Boenn.
Bifid-lip hempnettle,
Splitlip hempnettle
Introduced
Galeopsis bifida.jpeg
Galeopsis bifida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
var. ladanum
Red hempnettle Introduced,
No specimens
Galeopsis ladanum 001.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
var. latifolia
Red hempnettle Introduced
Galeopsis ladanum Sturm32.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngNsr-slika-230.png
Galeopsis ladanum var latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
var. tetrahit
Brittle-stemmed hempnettle Introduced
20120813Horststuecker24.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Subfamily Nepetoideae[edit]

Tribe Elsholtzieae[edit]

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Elsholtzieae
Collinsonia Horsebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Canada horse-balm,
Northern horsebalm,
Richweed,
Stoneroot
Native,
Secure
Collinsonia canadensis 004.JPG
Collinsonia canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
Elsholtzia Elsholtzia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Elsholtzia cristata
Crested elsholtzia,
Crested latesummer mint,
Vietnamese balm
Introduced
Elsholtzia ciliata 02.JPG
Elsholtzia ciliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Perilla Perilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
var. crispa
Beefsteak plant Introduced,
No sources
Purple Perilla foliage.JPG
Perilla frutescens var crispa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
var. frutescens

Perilla arguta
Perilla ocymoides
Beefsteak plant Introduced
Gardenology.org-IMG 2985 rbgs11jan.jpg
Perilla frutescens var frutescens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Tribe Mentheae[edit]

Mentheae is the largest Lamiaceae tribe and contains the herbs sage, thyme, and of course mint. The subtribes used here are from Drew & Sytsma (2012).[F 1]

Subtribe Salviinae[edit]
Genus Salvia[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Salviinae – genus Salvia
Salvia Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
L.

     Salvia lyrata L.
    
    
Lyre-leaved sage Native,
Endangered
Salvia lyrata - Lyreleaf Sage 2.jpg
Salvia lyrata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Lam.
var. grandiflora

    
Salvia pitcheri
    
Blue sage Introduced,
N. America native
Salvia azurea1.jpg
Salvia azurea var grandiflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Hornem.

Salvia lancifolia Poir.
    
    
Lance-leaved sage,
Rocky Mountain sage,
Blue sage,
Lambsleaf sage,
Sage mint
Introduced,
N. America native
Salvia reflexa drawing 1.png
Salvia reflexa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NW





Images, wsp

    
    
    
Silver sage Introduced
Salvia argentea 14May2009 FlowersCloseup CampoCalatrava.jpg
Salvia argentea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Sticky sage,
Jupiter's sage,
Jupiter's distaff
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
NYFA[1]
Salvia-glutinosa1.jpg
Nymap.svg

USDA-X0

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 Benth.

    
    
    
Wood sage Introduced
Salvia nemorosa ostfriesland 0.12 R.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Nodding sage Introduced,
Impersistent
Salvia nutans.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Kitchen sage Introduced
Salvia officinalis 001.JPG
Salvia officinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Meadow clary,
Meadow sage
Introduced
Wiesensalbei 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Lilac sage Introduced
Salvia verticillata P14.jpg
Salvia verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. Nava M. Tabak (2011). Salvia glutinosa (Lamiaceae) naturalized in southeastern New York. Rhodora 113: 220-224.
Genus Melissa[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Salviinae – genus Melissa
Melissa Balm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

    
    
    
Common balm,
Garden balm,
Lemon balm
Introduced
Melissa officinalis.jpeg
Melissa officinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Subtribe Prunellinae[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Prunellinae
Prunella Selfheal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
var. lanceolata

P. pennsylvanica var. lanceolata
P. vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
P. vulgaris var. elongata
American self-heal,
Lance selfheal,
Mountain selfheal,
Narrowleaf selfheal
Native,
Likely secure,
Fact sheet[1]
Starr 041211-1407 Prunella vulgaris.jpg
Prunella vulgaris var vulgaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-N
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. vulgaris

P. caroliniana
P. vulgaris ssp. vulgaris
Common self-heal,
Eurasian self-heal
Introduced,
Widespread weed
20120714Prunella vulgaris2.jpg
Prunella vulgaris var vulgaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX





Images, wsp
Cutleaf selfheal Introduced
Prunella laciniata Habitus 2011-6-23 SierraMadrona.jpg
Prunella laciniata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
  1. USDA-NRCS Plant Fact Sheet for Lance Selfheal, Prunella vulgaris L. ssp. lanceolata (W. Bartram) Hultén
Subtribe Lycopinae[edit]
Genus Lycopus[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Lycopinae – genus Lycopus
Lycopus Bugleweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton

1813. Lycopus americanus Muhl. (i)
1815. Lycopus americanus
   Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton

1917. Phytosalpinx americana
   (Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton) Lunell

    
American bugleweed,
American water horehound,
Common water horehound[1]
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 4

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lycopus americanus 01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Michx.

    
    
    
Northern bugleweed,
Slender bugleweed
Native,
Secure
Lycopus uniflorus 5475343.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Virginia bugleweed,
Virginia water horehound
Native,
Likely secure
Lycopus virginicus 001.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Raf.

    
    
    
Sessile-leaved bugleweed Native,
Threatened
Lycopus amplectens.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Moench

    
    
    
Stalked bugleweed,
Taperleaf water horehound
Native,
Endangered
Lycopus rubellus NRCS-2.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngLycopus rubellus NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Greene

    
    
    
Rough bugleweed,
Rough water horehound[2]
Introduced
Lycopus asper NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngLycopus asper drwawing 2.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
European bugleweed,
Gypsywort
Introduced
Lycopus europaeus.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Subtribe Nepetineae[edit]
Genus Agastache[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Neptinae – genus Agastache
AgastacheJ.Clayton ex Gronov. Giant-hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Willd.) Kuntze

1800. Hyssopus scrophulariaefolia
   Willd.

1891. Agastache scrophulariifolia
   (Willd.) Kuntze
Purple giant-hyssop,
Figwort giant-hyssop

Agastache à feuilles
  de scrofulaire
Native,
Likely secure,
CoC: 2

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Agastache scrophulariifolia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 

BNA 

Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Hyssopus nepetoides L.
1808. Vleckia nepetoides (L.) Raf.
1891. A. nepetoides (L.) Kuntze
1829. Lophanthus nepetoides
   (L.) Benth.
Yellow giant hyssop,
Catnip giant-hyssop

Agastache faux-népéta,
Agastache faux-népète
Native,
Threatened,
CoC: 6

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Agastache nepetoides drawing.png
Agastache nepetoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
(Pursh) Kuntze

1813. Hyssopus anethiodorus Nutt.
1814. Stachys foeniculum Pursh
1818. H. foeniculum (Pursh) Spreng.
1829. Lophanthus anisatus Benth.
1891. A. foeniculum (Pursh) Kuntze
1892. Vleckia foeniculum
   (Pursh) MacMill.

1894. V. anethiodora (Nutt.) Greene
1898. A. anethiodora (Nutt.) Britton
Anise-hyssop,
Fragrant giant-hyssop,
Lavender giant-hyssop,
Anise mint,
Blue giant hyssop,
Fennel giant hyssop,
Licorice mint

Agastache fenouil
Introduced from
 S-central Canada,
 N-central US,
N. America native,
Cultivated,
Naturalized: ?

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Agastache foeniculum 11478.jpg
Agastache foeniculum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Genus Dracocephalum[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Neptinae – genus Dracocephalum
Dracocephalum Dragonhead N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Nutt.

1818. Dracocephalum parviflora Nutt.
1913. Moldavica parviflora Britton
American dragonhead,
Dragonhead mint
Native,
Endangered
Dracocephalum parviflorum drawing 1.png
Dracocephalum parviflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
L.

     Moldavica thymiflora (L.) Rydb.
Thymeleaf dragonhead,
Thyme-leaved dragon-head
Introduced,
Impersistent
Dracocephalum thymiflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus Glechoma[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Neptinae – genus Glechoma
Glechoma Glechoma N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Nepeta hederacea
Ground ivy Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Glechoma hederacea 002.JPG






Images, wsp
Genus Hyssopus[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Neptinae – genus Hyssopus
Hyssopus Hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Hyssop Introduced
Hyssopus officinalis HC1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus Nepeta[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Neptinae – genus Nepeta
Nepeta Catnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
Catnip Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Catnip flowers.jpg
Nepeta cataria NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 M.Bieb.
Caucasus catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
Nepeta grandiflora blatt.jpeg
Nepeta grandiflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Spreng. ex Henckel
Persian catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
Nepeta mussinii blatt.jpeg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Genus Meehania[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Nepetineae – genus Meehania
Meehania Meehan's mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0

    
    
Meehan's mint Introduced,
US South native,
No NY reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ITIS

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Subtribe Menthinae[edit]

For convenience, the large Menthinae subtribe is here separated into Old-World and New-World clades along the lines presented in Drew and Sytsma (2012).[F 1] However, many of the genera have been found to be polyphyletic, including Mentha and Clinopodium, which have New York species in both clades.

Genus Hedeoma[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Hedeoma
Hedeoma False-pennyroyal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Pers. (1806)

Cunila pulegioides
Melissa pulegioides
Ziziphora pulegioides
American false pennyroyal,
American pennyroyal
Native,
Secure
Hedeoma pulegioides drawing 1.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 Pursh
Rough false pennyroyal Native,
Threatened
Hedeoma hispida drawing 1.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Blephilia[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Blephilia
Blephilia Pagoda-plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Pursh) Benth.
Hairy pagoda plant,
Hairy woodmint
Native,
Likely secure
Blephilia hirsuta drawing 1.png
Blephilia hirsuta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (L.) Raf.
Downy pagoda plant,
Downy woodmint,
Ohio horsemint,
Sunny woodmint
Native,
Endangered
Blephilia ciliata.jpg
Blephilia ciliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Monarda[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Monarda
Monarda Beebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.
Oswego tea,
Bee-balm
Native,
Secure
Monarda-didyma-flower-heads.JPG
Monarda didyma NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. fistulosa
Wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot bee-balm
Native,
Secure
Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa).jpg
Monarda fistulosa var fistulosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 L.
var. mollis

Monarda mollis L.
Monarda scabra Beck
Wild bergamot Native,
Likely secure
Monarda fistulosa NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. villicaulis
Horsemint Native,
Likely secure
Monarda punctata BB-1913.png
Monarda punctata var villicaulis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. punctata
Spotted beebalm Native,
Endangered
Monarda punctataUGA1120190.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngMonarde.jpg
NYFA-1?





Images, wsp
 Willd.
Purple bergamot Native,
Very vulnerable
Monarda media BB-1913.png
Monarda media NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2?
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

M. allophylla Michx.
M. fistulosa L. var. clinopodia
Basil balm,
Basil bee-balm
Native,
Endangered
Monarda clinopodia drawing 1.png
NYFA-1-2
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Genus Pycnanthemum[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Pycnanthemum
Pycnanthemum Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
(L.) Michx.
Hoary mountain-mint Native,
Secure
Pycnanthemum incanum UGA1120218.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Narrowleaf mountainmint,
Slender mountain-mint
Native,
Secure
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium001.jpg
NYFA-5





Images, wsp
Virginia mountain-mint Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Blunt mountain-mint Native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[1],
NYNHP: 2[2]
Pycnanthemum muticum heds and bracts 001.JPG
Pycnanthemum muticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Torr. & A. Gray

Koellia clinopodioides
Basil mountain-mint Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[3]
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides drawing 1.png
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Torrey's mountain mint Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
(Michx.) Pers.
var. verticillatum
Whorled mountain-mint Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
var. pilosum

Koellia pilosa
Pycnanthemum pilosum
Whorled mountain-mint Introduced,
N. America native
Pycnanthemum verticillatum var pilosum BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Cunila[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Cunila
Cunila Cunila N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Britt.

Cunila mariana L.
Mappia origanoides (L.) House
Common dittany Native,
Likely secure
Cunila origanoides drawing 1.png
Cunila origanoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-





Images, wsp
Genus Mentha[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Mentha
Mentha Mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 L.

Mentha arvensis ×
Mentha longifolia

1753. Mentha canadensis L.
1833. M. canadensis var. glabrata
1882. M. arvensis ssp. piperascens
1908. M. arvensis var. glabrata
auct. M. arvensisnon L.
American wild mint,
American corn mint,
Canadian mint,
Corn mint,
Chinese mint,
Japanese mint
Native,
Secure,
N. America native,
Asia native,
CoC: 4
WildMInt.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
Note: [1]
 L. (1753)
Corn mint,
Field mint,
Wild mint,
Menthe des champs
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Mentha arvensis.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.

Mentha citrata Ehrh.
Mentha × piperi var. citrata
Mentha piperita ssp. citrata
Water mint Introduced
Watermunt.jpg
Mentha aquatica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.

M. cordifolia auct. non Opiz ex Fresen.
M. longifolia auct. non (L.) Huds.
M. sylvestris L.
M. viridis L.
Spearmint Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Mentha Spicata1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 Sole (pro sp.)
[ M. arvensis × M. spicata ]

M. cardiaca J.Gerard ex Baker
M. gentilis auct. non L.
M. × gentilis L. var. cardiaca
M. × muelleriana auct. non F.W. Schultz
Gingermint,
Creeping whorled mint
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Mentha gracilis and rotundifolia MN 2007.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L. (pro sp.)
[ M. aquatica × M. spicata ]

M. aquatica L. var. crispa
M. Mentha crispa L.
M. dumetorum Schultes
Peppermint Introduced
Mentha piperita (2).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(L.) Huds. (pro sp.)
[ M. longifolia × M. suaveolens ]
Peppermint Introduced
Mentha × rotundifolia BF-1880.png
Mentha × rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 Huds. (pro sp.)
[ M. spicata × M. suaveolens ]

M. alopecuroides Hull
M. nemorosa Willd.
Foxtail mint Introduced
Mentha × villosa drawing 1.png
Mentha × villosa NY-dist-map.png

USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. The USDA-NRCS PLANTS database and ITIS treat Mentha canadensis as a synonym of Mentha arvensis, while the New York Flora Atlas and ARS-GRIN treat them as separate species.
Genus Clinopodium[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Clinopodium
Clinopodium Clinopodium N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

     Clinopodium vulgare L.
     Calamintha vulgaris
     Satureja vulgaris
Wild basil,
Field basil
Native,
Secure,
Questionable[1]
Clinopodium vulgare flower close up 1 AB.JPG
Clinopodium vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
(Nutt.) Kuntze

1891. Cl. glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze
     Calamintha glabella
   var.
angustifolia
     Calamintha arkansana
     Clinopodium arkansanum
     Hedeoma arkansana
     Satureja arkansana
     Satureja glabella
   var.
angustifolia
Limestone calamint,
Low calamint
Native,
Likely extirpated,
N. America native
Clinopodium arkansanum 5475120.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
Note: [2]
 (L.) Kuntze

     Cl. acinos (L.) Kuntze
     Acinos arvensis
     Acinos thymoides
     Calamintha acinos
     Satureja acinos
Basil thyme Introduced
Acinos arvensis 6.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
(L.) Kuntze

1891. Cl. nepeta (L.) Kuntze
     Calamintha nepeta
Field balm,
Lesser calamint
Introduced,
Impersistent
Calamintha nepeta nepeta0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 



Images, wsp
Note: [3]
  1. NYFA lists Clinopodium vulgare as "Not Native." Other sources list it as circumboreal, native as far south as North Carolina.
  2. NYFA lists Clinopodium glabrum as Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners. USDA-NRCS PLANTS uses Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both use Clinopodium glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze.
  3. NYFA and USDA-NRCS PLANTS list Clinopodium nepeta as Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both list it as Clinopodium nepeta (Nutt.) Kuntze.
Genus Satureja[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Satureja
Satureja Savory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Summer savory,
Savourée,
Sarriette des jardins
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Gartenbohnenkraut April 2012.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.
Winter savory Introduced
Satureja montana0.jpg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Genus Origanum[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Origanum
Origanum Origanum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Wild marjoram Introduced
20120715Schwetzinger Hardt5.jpg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Genus Thymus[edit]
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Thymus
Thymus Thyme N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
Lemon thyme Introduced
Thymus pulegioides.jpg
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
 L.
Garden thyme Introduced
Thymus vulgaris 001.JPG
NYFA-X





Images, wsp

Tribe Ocimeae[edit]

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Ocimeae
Lavandula Lavender N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
English lavender Introduced
Lavendel 2.jpg
Lavandula angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Ocimum Basil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Sweet basil Introduced,
Impersistent
2008 03 15 - Ocimum basilicum 7.JPG
Ocimum basilicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

References[edit]