Flora of New York/Lamiales 2

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Lamiales 1:
Oleaceae

Scrophulariaceae
Flora of New York — Lamiales 2: : Lamiaceae
Lamiales 3:
Mazaceae

Lentibulariaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Lamiaceae[edit | edit source]

The Lamiaceae (mint family) is the sixth largest family of the flowering-plants.[1]

Subfamily Viticoideae[edit | edit source]

Although no members of the Viticoideae (sage subfamily) have yet been verified outside of cultivation in New York, the beach vitex has been documented as having the potential to be highly invasive in the Long Island region. The genus Callicarpa is included here only for convenience, as it is currently unplaced within the Lamiaceae but is said to be "allied" to the Viticoideae.[1]

Callicarpa americana has also not been found to have naturalized in New York, but it is cultivated and sold in the "native plant" trade.


Vitex[edit | edit source]

Vitex rotundifolia
Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex) is listed as potentially being highly invasive in New York. It was introduced in the southeasterm US for beach stabilizaiton but is now banned in most areas,[1] including New York State.[2]

There appear to have been no East Coast reports north of southern New Jersey.


Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Viticoideae — Vitex
Vitex Chaste-tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
L.

    Vitex agnus-castus L.
Lilac chaste tree

Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [1],
 USGS: L48 established
Moenchspfeffer roscheiderhof H1a.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Not in Flora Atlas
iNat: 6 counties

USDA-X0
GBIF
iNaturalist
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Wikispecies
L.f.

1782. Vitex rotundifolia L.f.
1784. Vitex ovata Thunb.
1847. Vitex trifolia var. unifoliolata
1891. Vitex ovata var. subtrisecta
1903. Vitex trifolia var. ovata
1959. Vitex trifolia var. simplicifolia
Beach vitex,
Roundleaf chaste-tree,
Chasteberry,
Monk's pepper
Introduced from
 western Pacific,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS: 73%[1],
 USGS: L48 established

Perennial,
Shrub
Starr 010209-0295 Vitex rotundifolia.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
no NY reports

USDA-X0
GBIF
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Callicarpa[edit | edit source]

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry is native to the Southeast and occasionally planted in New York as a "native" shrub, but its has not been known to naturalize in the Northeast.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Viticoideae — Callicarpa
Callicarpa Beautyberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Callicarpa americana L.
1755. Burchardia americana (L.) Duhamel
American beautyberry,
Beauty-berry,
French mulberry
Introduced from
 southeastern US,
US South native
Callicarpa americana (24976139485).jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: xx counties
iNat: xx counties
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
NatureServe
BONAP
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Wikispecies
(Lour.) K.Koch

1790. Porphyra dichotoma Lour.
1872. Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour.) K.Koch
Purple beauty-berry

Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
 GRIIS-US: Invasive,
Uncertain naturalization
Callicarpa dichotoma kz03.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: xx counties
iNat: xx counties

GBIF
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Subfamily Ajugoideae[edit | edit source]

The Ajugoideae (bugle subfamily).

Trichostema[edit | edit source]

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Ajugoideae — Ajugeae — Trichostema
Trichostemasect. Trichostema Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Trichostema dichotomum L.
1821. Trichostema pilosum Roth
1937. T. dichotomum var. puberulum Fernald & Griscom
Forked bluecurls,
Bastard pennyroyal,
Common blue curls,
Blue curls
Trichostème fourchu
Native,
Secure
Trichostema dichotomum 4564.JPG
Trichostema dichotomum nymap.svg
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1778. Trichostema setaceum Houtt.
1788. T. lineare Walter
1814. T. dichotomum var. lineare (Walter) Pursh
1818. T. lineare Nutt.
Narrowleaf bluecurls,
Narrow-leaved blue-curls
Native,
Endangered
Trichostema setaceum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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Trichostemasect. Orthopodium Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Trichostema brachiatum L.
1803. Isanthus coeruleus Michx.
1888. Isanthus brachiatus B.S.P.
[1]
1933. Isanthus brachiatus var. linearis
1943. Tetraclea viscida Lundell
Fluxweed,
False pennyroyal,
Glade blue curls,
Pennyroyal blue curls
Native,
Rare
Trichostema brachiatum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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  1. Weakley (2005) suggests that Trichostema sect. Orthopodium could be moved to Isanthus, which would return Trichostema brachiatum to Isanthus brachiatus. Weakley, Alan. 2005. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia. Working draft. June 10, 2005. University of North Carolina Herbarium, Chapel Hill, NC.

Ajuga[edit | edit source]

Ajuga reptans L.
carpet bugle
Ajuga, or bugleweed, contains about 40 species of herbaceous plants, none of which are native to North America. The two species Ajuga reptans and to a lesser extent Ajuga genevensis have been found to naturalize in New York State.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Ajugoideae — Ajugeae — Ajuga
Ajuga Bugle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Ajuga reptans L.
Carpet bugle,
Common bugle,
Blue bugle
Bugle rampante
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
CP-5[1],
NE-3[2]
20170520Ajuga reptans1.jpg
Ajuga reptans nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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 L.

1753. Ajuga genevensis L.
Erect bugle,
Standing bugle,
Geneva bugle
Introduced 20150512Ajuga genevensis2.jpg
Ajuga genevensis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Teucrium[edit | edit source]

Teucrium canadense L.
American germander

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Ajugoideae — Teucrieae — Teucrium
Teucrium Germander N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Teucrium canadense L.
1829. T. canadense var. virginicum (L.) Eaton
1878. T. occidentale A. Gray
1901. T. boreale E.P. Bicknell
1901. T. littorale E.P. Bicknell
1908. T. canadense var. littorale (E.P. Bicknell) Fernald
1946. T. canadense var. occidentale (A. Gray) E. M. McClint. & Epling
1963. T. canadense var. boreale (E.P. Bicknell) Shinners
American germander
Canada germander
Canadian germander
Hairy germander
Western germander
Wood sage

Germandrée du Canada
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb=forb,
Part shade
Teucrium canadense - American Germander.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Teucrium botrys L.
Cutleaf germander,
Cut-leaved germander,
Cut-leaf germander
Introduced from
 Europe,
Possibly naturalized
Teucrium botrys sl28.jpg
Nymap.svg
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USDA-XX
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Clerodendrum[edit | edit source]

Clerodendrum trichotomum
Although Clerodendrum trichotomum (harlequin glorybower) is not listed in the New York Flora Atlas, it has been cultivated, and there are reports of it naturalizing in eastern Long Island.[1] It is listed as Invasive Species Tier 5 (Monitor) in the Lower Hudson and Long Island PRISMs.[2]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Clerodendrum
Clerodendrum Glorybower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

1784. Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunb.
Harlequin glorybower
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
 NYIS Tier: (5),
 Invasive.org: [2],
 GRIIS-US: established (category C3)
Clerodendrum trichotomum kz01.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Not listed
iNat: 6 counties

GBIF
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Subfamily Scutellarioideae[edit | edit source]

Scutellaria[edit | edit source]
Scutellaria galericulata
Skullcap (Scutellaria) contains about eight species that are or have been found in New York. Several of these are presumed to be extirpated in the state.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Scutellarioideae — Scutellaria
Scutellaria Skullcap N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Marsh skullcap,
Hooded skullcap
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Scutellaria galericulata20140607 089.jpg
Scutellaria galericulata NY-dist-map.png
53 counties
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 L.

Mad dog skullcap
Mad-dog skullcap
Blue skullcap
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
Scutellaria lateriflora 02.JPG
Nymap.svg
56 counties
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 Michx.
 var. parvula

Small skullcap Native, CoC: 8,
Rare,
DEC-C[1]
Scutellaria parvula (9058141480).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
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 var. missouriensis

Leonard's skullcap Native, CoC: 10,
No recent reports,
S1, G4-T4

FACU-UPL
Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis (26069984332).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
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 Biehler
 var. incana

Hoary skullcap,
Downy skullcap
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[2],
SH, G5

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Scutellaria incana 1.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Cattaraugus
iNat: ? counties
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
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 L.

Hyssop skullcap
Helmet flower
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2],
S1, G5

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Scutellaria integrifolia NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
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 Muhl. ex Spreng.
var. elliptica

    Scutellaria ovalifolia Pers.
    Scutellaria pilosa Michx.
Hairy skullcap Native, CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated
Scutellaria elliptica, Rosaryville (14222531929).jpg
Scutellaria elliptica var elliptica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
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 Pursh

Veined skullcap Native, CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated
Scutellaria nervosa.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
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Showy skullcap Native, CoC: 10,
No recent reports
Scutellaria serrata kz1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
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 Fernald

Scutellaria galericulata ×
Scutellaria lateriflora

Skullcap Native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-NN
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Subfamily Lamioideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Marrubieae[edit | edit source]

Ballota[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Ballota
Ballota Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. foetida (Koch) Hayek

1929. Ballota nigra ssp. foetida
    Ballota nigra var. alba
    Ballota nigra var. foetida
    Ballota borealis Schweigg.
Black horehound,
Fetid horehound
Ballote vulgaire,
Ballote noire,
Marrube noire
Introduced from
 Europe,
 northern Africa
Ballota nigra fresnes-au-mont 55 03062007 2.jpg
Ballota nigra NY-dist-map.png
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Marrubium[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Marrubium
Marrubium Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

White horehound Introduced Marrubium vulgare 002.JPG
Marrubium vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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L.

    Marrubium peregrinum L.
Horehound

Introduced,
Not naturalized
Marrubium peregrinum sl2.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Bronx (1899)
iNat: No observations
NYFA-Xm
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Moluccella[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Moluccella
Moluccella Moluccella N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Shellflower Introduced,
Impersistent
Moluccella cf laevis 2.JPG
Moluccella laevis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
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Tribe Lamieae[edit | edit source]

Lamium[edit | edit source]
Lamium galeobdolon
Lamium species are commonly known as dead-nettles and are native to Eurasia and northern Africa. About six of these species have naturalized in New York.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Lamieae — Lamium
Lamium Deadnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) L.

1753. Galeopsis galeobdolon L.
1759. Lamium galeobdolon (L.) L.
1778. Galeobdolon luteum Huds.
1966. Lamiastrum galeobdolon Ehren. & Polatschek
Yellow archangel,
Yellow henbit,
Aluminum plant,
Artillery plant
Lamier jaune,
Ortie jaune,
Lamier doré
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
 NYIS Tier: U, LH: 5,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [3],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Weed[1]
20150421Lamiastrum galeobdolon.jpg
Lamiastrum galeobdolon NY-dist-map.png

NYFA: 5 counties
iNat: ~30 counties
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 (L.) L.

1753. Lamium album var. maculatum L.
1763. Lamium maculatum L.
Spotted deadnettle,
Spotted henbit,
Variegated deadnettle
Lamier maculé,
Lamier tacheté
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
 Invasive.org: [4],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
NE-3[2]
Lamium maculatum RF (3x4).jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.
 var. purpureum

1753. Lamium purpureum L.
1852. Lamiopsis purpurea (L.) Opiz
Purple deadnettle,
Red hanbit,
Red deadnettle
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
 USGS: L48 invasive
Lamium purpureum, 2020-05-05, Beechview, 01.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.
 var. hybridum (Vill.) Vill.

1786. Lamium hybridum Vill.
1787. Lamium purpureum var. hybridum (Vill.) Vill.
1796. Lamium dissectum With.
1806. Lamium purpureum var. incisum (Willd.) Pers.
1881. Lamium hybridum ssp. hybridum (With.) Nyman
1927. Lamium hybridum ssp. dissectum (With.) Gams
1927. Lamium hybridum var. dissectum (With.) Gams
Hybrid deadnettle,
Purple deadnettle,
Red deadnettle,
Red hanbit
Introduced Lamium hybridum 01 (3x4).JPG
Nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Lamium amplexicaule L.
1960. Lamium amplexicaule var. album Pickens & M.C.W.Pickens
Henbit deadnettle,
Common dead-nettle,
Common henbit,
Clasping henbit
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa,
Potentially invasive,
 USGS: L48 invasive
20150424Lamium amplexicaule.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.
 ssp. album

1753. Lamium album L.
White deadnettle,
White-nettle,
White henbit,
Snowflake
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Unknown naturalization
Deadnettle 800.jpg
Lamium album NY-dist-map.png
Albany, Allegany, Herkimer, Tompkins (1925), Washington
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Tribe Leonureae[edit | edit source]

Leonurus[edit | edit source]
Leonurus cardiaca
Motherwort
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Leonureae — Leonurus
Leonurus Motherwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Leonurus cardiaca L.
1830. Leonurus glaucescens Bunge
1849. Leonurus cardiaca var. villosus
1874. Lamium cardiaca (L.) Baill.
1945. Leonurus cardiaca ssp. villosus
Common mother-wort
Motherwort
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
 Invasive.org: [5],
NE-3[1]
20140928Leonurus cardiaca4.jpg
Leonurus cardiaca NY-dist-map.png
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 Houtt.

1753. Leonurus sibiricus L. misapplied
1778. Leonurus japonicus Houtt.
Chinese motherwort
Honeyweed
Siberian motherwort
Introduced Leonurus japonicus - Guangfeng, Jiangxi, China 2014.05.24 15-59-28.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Queens (2013)
iNat: Queens (2020), Rockland (2021)
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
COL
Images
Wikispecies
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Chaiturus[edit | edit source]
Leonurus marrubiastrum
False motherwort
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Leonureae — Chaiturus
Chaiturus Lion's tail N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Ehrh. ex Rchb.

1753. Leonurus marrubiastrum L.
1771. Cardiaca marrubiastrum (L.) Schreb.
1787. Chaiturus leonuroides Willd. (nom. superfl.)
1796. Leonurus parviflorus Salisb. (nom. illeg.)
1831. Chaiturus marrubiastrum (L.) Ehrh. ex Rchb.
1839. Chaiturus marrubiastrum (L.) Spenn.
1844. Leonurus marrubiastrum var. simplicissimus K.Koch
1880. Leonurus marrubifolius St.-Lag.
1889. Chaiturus marrubifolius St.-Lag.
False motherwort
Lion's tail
Introduced,
Not naturalized
Leonurus marrubiastrum sl2.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Ulster (1897)
iNat: Sullivan (2020), Ulster (2020)
NYFA-X
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Tribe Phlomideae[edit | edit source]

Phlomis[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Phlomideae — Phlomis
Phlomis Jerusalem-sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 L.

1753. Phlomis tuberosa L.
1794. Phlomoides tuberosa (L.) Moench
1824. Leonotis tuberosa (L.) Hoffmanns.
1829. Phlomidopsis tuberosa (L.) Link
1837. Trambis tuberosa (L.) Raf.
1843. Phlomitis tuberosa (L.) Rchb.
ex T.Nees
Tuberous Jerusalem sage,
Jerusalem sage
Sauge de Jérusalem
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Unk. naturalization
Phlomis tuberosa habitus 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Tribe Synandreae[edit | edit source]

Physostegia[edit | edit source]
Physostegia virginiana
The only native or naturalized member of Physostegia found in New York is P. virginiana, the commonly-cultivated northern obedient-plant. Although it is considered native to New York, most populations are probably the result of naturalized escapes.[1]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Synandreae — Physostegia
Physostegia Lionsheart N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (L.) Benth.
ssp. virginiana

1753. Dracocephalum virginianum L.
1789. Dracocephalum denticulatum Aiton
1830. Physostegia speciosa Sweet
1834. Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.
1908. Physostegia formosior Lunell
1931. Dracocephalum formosius Rydb.
1982. P. virginiana ssp. virginiana autonym
Obedient plant,
False dragon-head,
Obedient false dragon-head,
Virginia false dragon-head
Physostégie de Virginie
Native, CoC: 9,
Secure,
S5, G5

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Physostegia virginiana 9620.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Tribe Stachydeae[edit | edit source]

Stachys[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Stachydeae — Stachys
Stachys Hedgenettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Pursh

1800. Stachys tenuifolia Willd. (misappl.)
1814. Stachys hispida Pursh
1836. Stachys glabra Riddell
1920. Stachys palustris var. macrocalyx Jenn.
1943. Stachys tenuifolia var. platyphylla Fernald
1943. Stachys tenuifolia var. perlonga Fernald
1943. Stachys tenuifolia var. hispida Fernald
1972. Stachys palustris var. hispida B.Boivin
1982. Stachys pilosa ssp. hispida (Pursh) Á.Löve & D.Löve
Hispid hedgenettle,
Smooth hedge-nettle,
Slender betony
Native,
Likely secure
Stachys hispida (cropped).jpg
Stachys tenuifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
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 Michx.
var. hyssopifolia

    Stachys hyssopifolia Michx.
    Stachys atlantica Britton
    Stachys lythroides Small
Hyssopleaf hedgenettle,
Hyssop-leaved hedge-nettle
Native,
Threatened
Stachys hyssopifolia var hyssopifolia iNat-21425341 (2x3).jpg
Stachys hyssopifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
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Nutt.
 var. pilosa

1834. Stachys pilosa Nutt.
1900. Stachys palustris var. homotricha Fernald
1909. Stachys asperrima Rydb.
1920. Stachys palustris var. nipigonenis Jenn.
1934. Stachys palustris ssp. pilosa (Nutt.) Epling
1943. Stachys palustris var. pilosa (Nutt.) Fernald
Hairy hedgenettle
Hairy hedge nettle
hairy hedge-nettle

Native, CoC: 3,
Unranked
Stachys pilosa (2x3).jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Essex (1940)
iNat: ? counties
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Nutt.
var. arenicola (Britton) G.A.Mulligan & D.B.Munro

1901. Stachys arenicola Britton
1931. Stachys brevidens Rydb.
1989. Stachys pilosa var. arenicola (Britton) G.A.Mulligan & D.B.Munro
Marsh hedge-nettle
Sand hedge nettle

Native, CoC: 0,
Very rare,
S1
Stachys pilosa var arenicola iNat-23771803 (2x3).jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Cattaraugus (1929)
iNat: Cortland (2018)
NYFA-N1
COL
GBIF
WFO
Kew WCSP
Kew POWO
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Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Stachys palustris L.
1849. S. palustris var. elliptica Clos
1879. S. palustris var. petiolata T.Durand
1881. S. palustris var. segetum Nyman
1908. S. palustris var. homotricha Fernald
Marsh hedge-nettle,
Marsh woundwort,
Marsh betony
Épaire des marais,
Crapaudine
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Stachys palustris kz3 (2x3).JPG
Nymap.svg
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 K.Koch

Woolly hedgenettle,
Lamb's ears,
Epiaire laineuse
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
 USGS: L48 established
0 Stachys byzantina - Yvoire (2).JPG
Stachys byzantina nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Stachys sylvatica L.
Whitespot,
Woodland hedge-nettle,
Hedge woundwort
Épaire des bois,
Épaire des forêts
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Stachys sylvatica 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 (L.) L.

1753. Betonica annua L.
1763. Stachys annua (L.) L.
Annual hedgenettle
Épiaire annuelle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
Pouzdřanská step – Kolby 11.8.2016 (18).jpg
Stachys annua nymap.svg
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 Bunge

1833. Stachys affinis Bunge
1865. Stachys sieboldii Miq.
[1]
1887. Stachys tuberifera Naudin
Artichoke betony,
Chinese artichoke,
Crosne du Japon
Introduced from
 China,
Impersistent
Stachys sieboldii0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
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 (L.) L.

1753. Glechoma arvensis L.
1763. Stachys arvensis (L.) L.
1778. Cardiaca arvensis (L.) Lam.
Field hedgenettle,
Staggerweed,
Field woundwort
Épiaire des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N. Africa,
Impersistent
Stachys arvensis 01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
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 (K. Koch) Stearn

1800. Betonica grandiflora Stephan
ex Willd.
1834. S. grandiflora (Willd.) Benth. hom.
1849. Betonica macrantha K.Koch
1951. Stachys macrantha (K.Koch) Stearn
Big-sage Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Impersistent,
No specimens
Stachys macrantha0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
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 (L.) Trevis.

1753. Betonica officinalis L.
1834. Stachys betonica Benth.
Common hedgenettle Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N.Africa,
Impersistent
Betonica Officinalis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Images
Wikispecies
 Riddell

1848. Stachys nuttallii Shuttlw. ex Benth.
1903. Stachys salvioides Small
1920. Stachys riddellii House
1927. Stachys subcordata Rydb.
1936. Stachys cordata Riddell
Heartleaf hedgenettle,
Heart-leaved
  hedge-nettle
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Stachys cordata BB-1913-2.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-X0
ITIS
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Galeopseae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Galeopseae (Dumort.) Vis.[1]
Galeopsis[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — uncertain — Galeopsis
Galeopsis Hempnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Boenn.

1824. Galeopsis bifida Boenn.
1831. G. tetrahit var. bifida
1848. G. tetrahit var. parviflora
1881. G. tetrahit ssp. bifida
1921. G. bifida var. emarginata
1929. G. tetrahit var. bifida
Notched hemp-nettle,
Bifid-lip hempnettle,
Splitlip hempnettle,
Common hempnettle
Galéopside bifide,
Galéopsis bifide
Introduced,
Naturalized,
Widespread
Galeopsis bifida 230711.JPG
Galeopsis bifida NY-dist-map.png
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 L.

1753. Galeopsis tetrahit L.
1763. Lamium tetrahit (L.) Crantz
1771. G. tetrahit var. tetrahit
1794. Tetrahit nodosum (L.) Moench
1821. G. nodosum (Moench) Gray (i)
1862. G. tetrahit ssp. tetrahit
1891. Ladanum tetrahit (L.) Kuntze
Common hempnettle,
Common hemp-nettle,
Brittle-stemmed hemp-nettle,
Brittlestem hempnettle,
Dog nettle,
Ironwort
Galéopside à tige carrée,
Galéopside tétrahit,
Ortie royale
Introduced from
 Europe,
Naturalized
20140630Stachys palustris4.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Galeopsis ladanum L.
    
    
Broad-leaved hemp-nettle,
Broadleaf hempnettle,
Hemp nettle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized
Galeopsis angustifolia.jpg
Galeopsis ladanum var latifolia NY-dist-map.png
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 Ehrh. ex Hoffm.

    G. angustifolia Ehrh. ex Hoffm.
    G. ladanum var. angustifolia
    
Narrow-leaved hemp-nettle,
Narrowleaf hempnettle
Introduced,
Not naturalized
Galeopsis angustifolia ENBLA01.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Subfamily Nepetoideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Elsholtzieae[edit | edit source]

Collinsonia[edit | edit source]
Collinsonia canadensis
stoneroot, horsebalm, richweed

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Collinsonia
Collinsonia Horsebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Collinsonia canadensis L.
Stoneroot,
Horsebalm,
Canada horse-balm,
Northern horsebalm,
Richweed,
Citronella,
Citronella horse balm
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Collinsonia canadensis 003.JPG
Collinsonia canadensis NY-dist-map.png
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Elsholtzia[edit | edit source]
Elsholtzia ciliata
crested late-summer mint
Elsholtzia ciliata (crested late-summer mint) is listed as invasive in Connecticut.[1]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Elsholtzia
Elsholtzia Elsholtzia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Thunb.) Hyl.

Elsholtzia cristata
Crested elsholtzia,
Crested latesummer mint,
Crested late-summer mint,
Vietnamese balm
Introduced from
 Asia,
Potentially invasive
Elsholtzia ciliata 2010.jpg
Elsholtzia ciliata NY-dist-map.png
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Perilla[edit | edit source]
Perilla frutescens
beefsteak plant

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Perilla
Perilla Perilla-mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Britton
var. frutescens

1753. Ocimum frutescens L.
1764. Perilla ocymoides L. superfl.
1856. Perilla ocymoides var. japonica Hassk.
1939. Salvia infuscata Epling
1948. Perilla frutescens var. japonica (Hassk.) H.Hara
Beefsteak plant
Beefsteakplant
Perilla-mint
Wild sesame
Introduced,
Naturalized

FAC

Annual,
Herb-forb
Perilla frutescens 36.jpg
Perilla frutescens var frutescens NY-dist-map.png
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 (L.) Britton
var. crispa (Benth.) W. Deane

1784. Ocimum crispum Thunb.
1848. Perilla ocymoides var. crispa Benth.
1848. Perilla arguta Benth.
1923. Perilla frutescens var. crispa (Benth.) W. Deane
Crisped beefsteak plant
Shiso
Beefsteakplant
Introduced,
Unk. naturalization

FAC

Annual,
Herb-forb
Perilla frutescens crispa purpurea.fleurs et graines.jpg
Perilla frutescens var crispa NY-dist-map.png
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Tribe Mentheae[edit | edit source]

Mentheae is the largest Lamiaceae tribe and contains the herbs sage, thyme, and of course mint. The subtribes used here are from Drew & Sytsma (2012).[1]
Subtribe Salviinae[edit | edit source]
Salvia[edit | edit source]
Salvia lyrata
Salvia is the largest genus in the Lamiaceae. Its only native species, Salvia lyrata, is listed as Endangered but has not been reported in the state recently.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Salviinae — Salvia
Salvia Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Salvia lyrata L.
1768. Horminum lyratum (L.) Mill.
1837. Larnastyra lyrata (L.) Raf.
1828. Cunila lyrata (L.) Schrank
Lyre-leaved sage,
Lyreleaf sage,
Cancerweed
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
SH, G5

FACW-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
Salvia lyrata Kaldari.jpg
Salvia lyrata NY-dist-map.png
Orange (1990),
Rockland (1990),
Ulster,
Westchester (1898)
NYFA-Z
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 Michx. ex Lam.
var. grandiflora Benth.

1833. Salvia pitcheri Torr. ex Benth.
1848. Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
1894. Salvia azurea var. pitcheri
1939. Salvia azurea ssp. pitcheri
1939. Salvia azurea ssp. intermedia
Blue sage,
Pitcher sage,
Pitcher's sage
Introduced from
 southern U.S.,
N. America native
Salvia azurea (15355500781).jpg
Nymap.svg
Suffolk (1941)
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 Hornem.

1806. Salvia lanceolata Brouss.
1807. Salvia reflexa Hornem.
Lance-leaved sage,
Rocky Mountain sage,
Blue sage,
Lambsleaf sage,
Sage mint
Introduced from
 great plains,
N. America native
Salvia reflexa iNat-42878716.jpg
Salvia reflexa NY-dist-map.png
Albany (1994),
Madison (1940),
Oswego (2003),
St. Lawrence (1994),
Suffolk (2001)
NYFA-X
USDA-NW
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Images
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 L.

1753. Salvia glutinosa L.
    
    
Sticky sage,
Jupiter's sage,
Jupiter's distaff
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [6],
 USGS: L48 established,
Naturalized[1]
Salvia glutinosa ENBLA02.jpg
Nymap.svg
Dutchess (2010)
NYFA-Xn
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 Benth.

    
    
    
Wood sage Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
Botanical Garden in Poznan (Salvia nemorosa, Blauhugel) (2).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

    
    
    
Kitchen sage Introduced Sauge officinale01.jpg
Salvia officinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
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Images
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 L.

    
    
    
Meadow sage
Meadow clary
Introduced sage

Sauge des près
Introduced,
Naturalized
Wiesensalbei 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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Images
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 L.

    
    
    
Lilac sage Introduced Salvia verticillata RHu 01.JPG
Salvia verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
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Salvia(excluded species) Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

    
    
    
Clary
Clary sage
Europe sage

Sauge sclarée
Sclarée
Toute-bonne
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
N.Y. excluded
Lamiaceae - Salvia sclarea. Agata Fossili127.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-XW
Images
Wikispecies

    
    
    
Silver sage Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Salvia argentea 14May2009 plant CampoCalatrava.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

    
    
    
Nodding sage Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Salvia nutans2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
L. (pro. sp)

Salvia nemorosa ×
Salvia pratensis

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 wood sage &
 meadow sage
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Excluded
Images
Wikispecies
  1. Nava M. Tabak (2011). Salvia glutinosa (Lamiaceae) naturalized in southeastern New York. Rhodora 113: 220-224.
Melissa[edit | edit source]
Melissa officinalis

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Salviinae — Melissa
Melissa Balm N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

    Melissa officinalis L.
Lemonbalm
Lemon balm
Common balm
Garden balm
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [7],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA, GNR

UPL

Perennial,
Heerb-forb
Melissa officinalis, 2020-07-11, Beechview, 03.jpg
Melissa officinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Subtribe Prunellinae[edit | edit source]
Prunella[edit | edit source]
Prunella vulgaris
In New York, Prunella (self-heal or heal-all) consists primarily of the single species Prunella vulgaris, which (depending on the source) has two subspecies present: the Eurasian P. vulgaris ssp. vulgaris and the North American P. vulgaris ssp. lanceolata.
Prunella vulgaris self-heal middle cauline (mid-stem) leaves growth form
base shape leaf shape length/width ratio
 ssp. lanceolata American cuniate (wedge-shape) lanceolate to oblong 2.0 - 5.0 (avg. 3.0) upright or reclining, tips ascending
 ssp. vulgaris Eurasian rounded ovate to ovate-oblong 1.5 - 2.5 (avg. 2.0) flat on ground
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Prunellinae — Prunella
Prunella Selfheal N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
 ssp. lanceolata (W.P.C.Barton) Piper & Beattie

1818. P. pennsylvanica var. lanceolata W.P.C.Barton
1834. P. vulgaris var. elongata Benth.
1913. P. vulgaris var. lanceolata (W.P.C.Barton) Fernald
1915. P. vulgaris ssp. lanceolata (W.P.C.Barton) Piper & Beattie
American self-heal,
American heal-all,
Lance selfheal,
Mountain selfheal,
Narrowleaf selfheal
Native,
Likely secure,
Fact sheet[1]
Prunella vulgaris - Selfheal.jpg
Prunella vulgaris var vulgaris NY-dist-map.png
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 L.
 ssp. vulgaris

1753. Prunella vulgaris L.
Eurasian self-heal,
Common self-heal
Introduced,
Widespread weed
Atlas roslin pl Głowienka pospolita 8345 7678.jpg
Prunella vulgaris var vulgaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
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(L.) L.

    Prunella laciniata (L.) L.
    
    
Cutleaf selfheal,
Cut-leaved selfheal,
Cut-leaved heal-all
Introduced Prunella laciniata sl16.jpg
Prunella laciniata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
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Subtribe Lycopinae[edit | edit source]
Lycopus[edit | edit source]
Lycopus americanus
Bugleweed, waterhorehound, or gypsywort (genus Lycopus) species are herbaceous perennials that grow in a variety of wetlands, on stream banks, and in low-lying meadows.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Lycopinae — Lycopus
Lycopus Bugleweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton

1813. Lycopus americanus Muhl. (i)
1815. Lycopus americanus Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton
1917. Phytosalpinx americana (Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton) Lunell
American bugleweed
American water horehound
Common water horehound[1]
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure,
S5, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lycopus americanus NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: 56 counties
iNat: ? counties
NYFA-5
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 Michx.

1803. Lycopus uniflorus Michx.
1901. Lycopus communis E.P.Bicknell
1901. Lycopus membranaceus E.P.Bicknell
1910. Lycopus coreanus H.Lév.
Northern bugleweed
Northern water horehound
Northern water-horehound
Tuberous water-horehound
Slender bugleweed
One-flowered horehound

Lycope à une fleur
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure,
S5, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lycopus uniflorus 5499186.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: 54 counties
iNat: ? counties
NYFA-5
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 L.

1753. Lycopus virginicus L.
1814. Lycopus virginicus var. quercifolius Pursh
1833. Lycopus macrophyllus Benth.
1833. Lycopus virginicus var. pauciflorus Benth.
1840. Euhemus officinalis Raf.
1840. Euhemus sylvaticus Raf.
1870. Lycopus virginicus var. macrophyllus (Benth.) A.Gray
Virginia bugleweed,
Virginia water horehound
Native, CoC: 4,
Likely secure,
S4, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lycopus virginicus 002.JPG
Nymap.svg

NYFA: 40 counties
iNat: ? counties
NYFA-4
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Steele

Lycopus uniflorus ×
Lycopus virginicus

1901. Lycopus sherardii E.S.Steele
1901. Lycopus × sherardii Steele
1972. Lycopus virginicus var. sherardii (Steele) B.Boivin
Sherard’s bugleweed
Sherard’s water horehound
Native,
Unraked,
SNA

OBL
Lycopus × sherardii iNat-159011027.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Suffolk (1926)
iNat: not observed
NYFA-U
COL
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Images
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 Raf.

    Lycopus amplectens Raf.
    Lycopus sessilifolius A.Gray
    Lycopus amplectens var. pubens (Britton ex Small) Fernald
Clasping bugleweed
Clasping water horehound
Clasping water-horehound
Sessile-leaved bugleweed
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened,
S2, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lycopus amplectens (cropped).JPG
Nymap.svg

NYFA: 2 counties (1988)
iNat: not observed?
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
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 Moench

    Lycopus rubellus Moench
Stalked bugleweed
Stalked water horehound
Taperleaf water horehound
Native, CoC: 3,
Endangered,
S1, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Ferb-forb
Lycopus rubellus NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: ? counties
iNat: Bronx (2018)
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
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 Greene

1848. Lycopus obtusifolius Benth.
1898. Lycopus asper Greene
1898. Lycopus maritimus Greene
1917. Phytosalpinx aspera (Greene) Lunell
Western bugleweed
Western water horehound
Western water-horehound
Rough bugleweed
Rough water horehound
Introduced,
N. America native,
Unknown naturalization,
SNA, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lycopus asper NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: 3 counties (1981)
iNat: not observed
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
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Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Lycopus europaeus L.
1891. Lycopus europaeus var. mollis Briq.
European bugleweed
European water horehound
Gypsywort
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [8],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA, GNR

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Gipsywort^ Lycopus europaeus - Flickr - gailhampshire.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: 13 counties
iNat: 10 counties
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
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Subtribe Nepetineae[edit | edit source]
Agastache[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Agastache
AgastacheJ.Clayton ex Gronov. Giant-hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Willd.) Kuntze

1800. Hyssopus scrophulariaefolia Willd.
1891. Agastache scrophulariifolia (Willd.) Kuntze
Purple giant-hyssop,
Figwort giant-hyssop,
Purple giant hyssop,
Figwort giant hyssop
Agastache à feuilles
  de scrofulaire
Native, CoC: 2,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Agastache scrophulariifolia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
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 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Hyssopus nepetoides L.
1808. Vleckia nepetoides (L.) Raf.
1891. A. nepetoides (L.) Kuntze
1829. Lophanthus nepetoides (L.) Benth.
Yellow giant hyssop,
Catnip giant-hyssop
Agastache faux-népéta,
Agastache faux-népète
Native, CoC: 6,
Threatened

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Agastache nepetoides - Catnip giant hyssop.jpg
Agastache nepetoides NY-dist-map.png
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 (Pursh) Kuntze

1813. Hyssopus anethiodorus Nutt.
1814. Stachys foeniculum Pursh
1818. Hyssopus foeniculum (Pursh) Spreng.
1829. Lophanthus anisatus Benth.
1891. Agastache foeniculum (Pursh) Kuntze
1892. Vleckia foeniculum (Pursh) MacMill.
1894. Vleckia anethiodora (Nutt.) Greene
1898. Agastache anethiodora (Nutt.) Britton
Anise-hyssop,
Fragrant giant-hyssop,
Lavender giant-hyssop,
Anise mint,
Blue giant hyssop,
Fennel giant hyssop,
Licorice mint
Agastache fenouil
Introduced from
 S-central Canada,
 N-central US,
N. America native,
Cultivated,
Naturalized: ?

Perennial,
Forb-herb,
Sun-shade
Agastache foeniculum 'Anise Hyssop' (Labatae) plant.JPG
Agastache foeniculum nymap.svg
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Dracocephalum[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Dracocephalum
Dracocephalum Dragonhead N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 Nutt.

1818. Dracocephalum parviflora Nutt.
1913. Moldavica parviflora Britton
American dragonhead,
Dragonhead mint
Native,
Endangered
Dracocephalum parviflorum drawing 1.png
Dracocephalum parviflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
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 L.

    Moldavica thymiflora (L.) Rydb.
Thymeleaf dragonhead,
Thyme-leaved dragon-head
Introduced,
Impersistent
Dracocephalum thymiflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
Glechoma[edit | edit source]
Glechoma hederacea
Ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea) is a common weed found in cultivated places throughout most of New York State.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Glechoma
Glechoma Glechoma N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Glechoma hederacea L.
1771. Calamintha hederacea (L.) Scop.
1822. Glechoma hederacea var. parvifolia Gray
1834. Nepeta glechoma Benth.
1842. Nepeta hederacea (L.) Trevis.
Ground ivy,
Gill-over-the-ground,
Creeping Charlie
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS Tier: 4,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [9],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Widespread weed,
SNA, GNR

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Glechoma hederacea 02.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
COL
GBIF
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Wikispecies
Hyssopus[edit | edit source]
Hyssopus officinalis
Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis)
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Hyssopus
Hyssopus Hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT

1753. Hyssopus officinalis L.
2020. Hyssopus schleicheri G.Don ex Loudon
Hyssop
Introduced Hyssopus officinalis 004.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
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Wikispecies
Nepeta[edit | edit source]
Nepeta cataria L. catnip

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Nepeta
Nepeta Catnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Catnip Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Nepeta cataria 1.jpg
Nepeta cataria NY-dist-map.png
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 M.Bieb.

Caucasus catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
Nepeta grandiflora1.jpg
Nepeta grandiflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Wikispecies
 Lam.

    Nepeta racemosa Lam.
    Nepeta mussinii Spreng. ex Henckel
Racemed catnip
Persian catmint
Introduced,
Impersistent
20170526Nepeta racemosa1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
Meehania[edit | edit source]
Meehania cordata
Meehan's mint
Meehan's mint is native to the Appalachians from North Carolina to Pennsylvania. It doesn't appear to have naturalized in New York, though it is planted as a "native" groundcover.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Nepetineae — Meehania
Meehania Meehan's mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Nutt.) Britton

1818. Dracocephalum cordatum Nutt.
1834. Cedronella cordata Benth.
1894. Meehania cordata (Nutt.) Britton
Meehan's mint,
Creeping mint,
Trailing mint
Introduced from
 Appalachians,
US South native,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Meehania cordata iNat-132589536.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
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Subtribe Menthinae[edit | edit source]
The large Menthinae subtribe can ce separated into Old-World and New-World clades along the lines presented in Drew and Sytsma (2012).[1] However, many of the genera have been found to be polyphyletic, including Mentha and Clinopodium, which have New York species in both clades.
Hedeoma[edit | edit source]
Hedeoma pulegioides
False-pennyroyal (Hedeoma species).
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Hedeoma
Hedeoma False-pennyroyal N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Pers. (1806)

    Cunila pulegioides
    Melissa pulegioides
    Ziziphora pulegioides
American false pennyroyal,
American pennyroyal
Native,
Secure
Hedeoma pulegioides 2017-09-26 4959.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 Pursh

Rough false pennyroyal Native,
Threatened
Hedeoma hispida (7495953168) (cropped).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2-3
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Blephilia[edit | edit source]
Blephilia hirsuta

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Blephilia
Blephilia Pagoda-plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Pursh) Benth.

Hairy pagoda plant,
Hairy woodmint
Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure,
S4, G5?

FACU
Blephilia hirsuta inflorescence (3x4).jpg
Blephilia hirsuta NY-dist-map.png
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 (L.) Raf.

Downy pagoda plant,
Downy woodmint,
Ohio horsemint,
Sunny woodmint
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1]
Blephilia ciliata.jpg
Blephilia ciliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
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Monarda[edit | edit source]
Monarda fistulosa

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Monarda
Monarda Beebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Monarda didyma L.
1797. Monarda purpurea Lam.
1815. Monarda oswegoensis W.P.C.Barton
Oswego tea,
Scarlet beebalm,
Bee-balm,
Red bergamot,
Bergamot,
Mountain-mint
Monarde écarlate,
Monarde pourpre
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure,
DEC-D[1]

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
Monarda July 2013-1.jpg
Monarda didyma NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
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 L.
 var. fistulosa

1753. Monarda fistulosa L.
1789. Monarda oblongata Aiton
1813. Monarda purpurea Pursh
1821. Monarda affinis Link
1826. Monarda scabra Beck
Common wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot bee-balm
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
6296 NRCS projects (38166024904) (3x4).jpg
Monarda fistulosa var fistulosa NY-dist-map.png
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 L.
 var. mollis (L.) L.

1756. Monarda mollis L.
1762. Monarda fistulosa var. mollis (L.) L.
    Monarda fistulosa var. mollis (L.) Benth.
1924. Monarda mollis fo. albiflora Farw.
1945. Monarda fistulosa fo. albiflora (Farw.) Sherff
Pale wild bergamot Native, CoC: 2,
Likely secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4-5
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 Willd.

Monarda didyma ×
Monarda fistulosa var. fistulosa.

1809. Monarda media Willd.
1878. Mondarda fistulosa var. media (Willd.) Gray
1895. Mondarda fistulosa fo. media (Willd.) Voss
Purple wild bergamot,
Purple bergamot,
Purple horsemint
Monarde moyenne,
Monarde pourpre
N. America native,
NY nativity unk.,
S1, G4?



Perennial,
Herb-forb
Monarda media iNat-9365253 (3x4).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-?
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 L.
 var. villicaulis (Pennell) Shinners

1919. Monarda punctata ssp. villicaulis Pennell
1953. Monarda punctata var. villicaulis (Pennell) Shinners
Hairy horsemint,
Horsemint
Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure,
S4, G5T5?,
NSE: S4, T5

UPL,
Herb-forb
Monarda punctata var villicaulis iNat-150724290.jpg
Monarda punctata var villicaulis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
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 L.
 var. punctata

1753. Monarda punctata L.
1803. Monarda lutea Michx.
    Monarda punctata ssp. punctata L.
    Monarda punctata var. punctata L.
1896. Monarda punctata var. leucantha Nash
1935. Monarda punctata ssp. typica Epling
Spotted beebalm,
Dotted horse mint
Native, CoC: 10,
S1,
NSE: S2, T5

UPL,
Herb-forb
Monarda punctata var punctata iNat-4780298.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
GBIF
WFO
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 L.

    Monarda clinopodia L.
    M. allophylla Michx.
    M. fistulosa var. clinopodia
Basil balm,
Basilbalm,
Basil bee-balm
Native, CoC: 7,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2],
S1, G5,
NSE: S1, G5

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Monarda clinopodia - White Bergamot.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
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Images
Wikispecies
Pycnanthemum[edit | edit source]
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Pycnanthemum
Pycnanthemumsect. Capitellatae Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

1809. Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Schrad.
 auct. Pycnanthemum flexuosum non (Walter) Britton et al.
Narrowleaf mountainmint,
Slender mountain-mint
Native,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium - Narrow Leaved Mountain Mint 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
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(L.) T.Durand & B.D.Jacks. ex B.L.Rob. & Fernald

1753. Satureja virginiana L.
1908. Pycnanthemum virginianum
(L.) T.Durand & B.D.Jacks. ex B.L.Rob. & Fernald
Virginia mountain-mint Native,
Likely secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Part shade
Pycnanthemum virginianum 2016-07-19 2831b.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 (Michx.) Pers.
var. verticillatum

1803. Brachystemum verticillatum Michx.
1806. Pycnanthemum verticillatum (Michx.) Pers.
1891. Koellia verticillata (Michx.) Kuntze
Whorled mountain-mint Native,
Endangered
Pycnanthemum verticillatum var. verticillatum001.jpg
Nymap.svg
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var. pilosum

yyyy. Koellia pilosa (Nutt.) Baill.
yyyy. Pycnanthemum pilosum Nutt.
Whorled mountain-mint Introduced,
N. America native
Pycnanthemum verticillatum var pilosum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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Torrey's mountain mint Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
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Pycnanthemumsect. Pycnanthemum Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Michx.

1753. Clinopodium incanum L.
1803. P. incanum (L.) Michx.
Hoary mountain-mint Native,
Secure
Pycnanthemum incanum UGA1120218.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 Torr. & A. Gray

Koellia clinopodioides
Basil mountain-mint Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1]
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides drawing 1.png
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides NY-dist-map.png
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Pycnanthemumsect. Brachystemum Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Blunt mountain-mint Native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[2],
NYNHP: 2[3]
Pycnanthemum muticum (14698450077).jpg
Pycnanthemum muticum NY-dist-map.png
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Cunila[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Cunila
Cunila Cunila N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (L.) Britt.

Cunila mariana L.Mappia origanoides (L.) House
Common dittany Native,
Likely secure
Cunila origanoides drawing 1.png
Cunila origanoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-
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Wikispecies
Mentha[edit | edit source]
Mentha canadensis
Mints (Mentha spp.) are widely cultivated aromatic herbs with about 40 taxa (20 species, 30 subspecies, and 10 hybrids worldwide.) worldwide.[1]

The only species of mint (Mentha) listed as native to New York is Mentha canadensis L. (sensu Tucker & Chambers, 2002) with 2n=96, which is beleived to be an ancient hybrid of Mentha arvensis (2n=72) and Mentha longifolia (2n=24)[2]


Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Mentha
Mentha Mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Mentha arvensis ×
Mentha longifolia

1753. Mentha canadensis L.
1833. Mentha canadensis var. glabrata Benth.
1882. Mentha arvensis ssp. piperascens Malinv. ex Holmes
1891. Mentha arvensis var. canadensis (L.) Kuntze
1894. Mentha arvensis var. sachalinensis Briq.
1894. Mentha arvensis var. haplocalyx (Briq.) Briq.
1908. Mentha arvensis var. glabrata (Benth.) Fernald
1921. Mentha sachalinensis (Briq.) Kudô
1924. Mentha arvensis var. piperascenes Malinv. ex L.H.Bailey
1956. Mentha arvensis ssp. canadensis (L.) H. Hara
1956. Mentha arvensis ssp. piperascens (Malinv. ex Holmes) H.Hara
American wild mint
American corn mint
Canadian mint
Corn mint
Chinese mint
Japanese mint
Native, CoC: 4
 North America and Asia,
Secure,
S5, G5,
NSE: S5, G5

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
2n = 96
Mentha canadensis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
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Note: [1]
 L.

1753. Mentha arvensis L.
1753. Mentha gentilis L.
1764. Calamintha arvensis (L.) Garsault
1778. Mentha austriaca Jacq.
1827. Mentha arvensis ssp. parietariifolia (Becker) Briq.
Corn mint
European corn mint
Field mint
Wild mint
Ginger mint

Menthe des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized,
SNA, G5,
NSE: SNR, G5

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
2n = 72
Mentha arvensis NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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 L.

1753. Mentha spicata L
1763. Mentha viridis L.(L)
1890. Mentha sylvestris ssp. Viridis (L.) Batt.
 auct. Mentha cordifolianon Opiz ex Fresen.
 auct. Mentha longifolianon (L.) Huds.
Spearmint
Spear mint
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [10],
 USGS: L48 invasive
20160813Mentha spicata5.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: 38 counties
iNat: ? counties
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 Sole (pro sp.)

Mentha arvensis ×
Mentha spicata

1753. Mentha gentilis L.
1798. Mentha gracilis Sole
1822. Mentha gracilis var. cardiaca Gray
1865. Mentha cardiaca (Gray) Gerarde ex Baker
1896. Mentha gentilis var. cardiaca (Baker) Briq.
 auct. Mentha × muelleriananon F.W.Schultz
Bushy mint
Scotch spearmint
Gingermint
Creeping whorled mint
Introduced from
 Europe,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [11],
 USGS: L48 established
IMG 9825-Mentha × gracilis 'Subspicata', Aglais urticae.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L. (pro sp.)

Mentha aquatica ×
Mentha spicata

1753. Mentha piperita L.
1836. Mentha aquatica fo. piperita (L.) G.Mey.
1866. Mentha aquatica var. piperita (L.) Alef.
Peppermint Introduced 胡椒薄荷 Mentha x piperita -香港嘉道理農場 Kadoorie Farm, Hong Kong- (9200946142).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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 L.
 var. aquatica

1753. Mentha aquatica L.
Water mint Introduced 20170806Mentha aquatica1.jpg
Mentha aquatica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
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L.
 var. citrata (Ehrh.) W.C. Werner

1792. Mentha citrata Ehrh.
1828. Mentha aquatica fo. citrata (Ehrh.) Fresen.
1889. Mentha piperita ssp. citrata (Ehrh.) Briq.
1893. Mentha aquatica var. citrata (Ehrh.) W. C. Werner
1903. Mentha × piperi var. citrata (Ehrh.) Briq.
Orange mint
Introduced,
Naturalized
Mentha aquatica Citrata 0zz.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Tompkins (1920)
iNat: ? counties
NYFA-Xn
GBIF
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 (L.) Huds. (pro sp.)

Mentha longifolia ×
Mentha suaveolens

Peppermint Introduced Atlas de poche des plantes des champs, des prairies et des bois (PLATE 59) (6022563436) (2x3).jpg
Mentha × rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
 Huds. (pro sp.)

Mentha spicata ×
Mentha suaveolens

    M. alopecuroides Hull
    M. nemorosa Willd.
Foxtail mint Introduced Mentha × villosa kz02.jpg
Mentha × villosa NY-dist-map.png

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
L.

1753. Mentha pulegium L.
1796. Mentha aromatica Salisb.
1812. Thymus bidentatus Stokes
1827. Mentha pulegioides Dumort.
1844. Melissa pulegium (L.) Griseb.
Pennyroyal
Penny-royal

Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [12],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA,
NSE: SNR

OBL
Mentha pulegium 002.JPG
Nymap.svg

NYFA: Cortland (1977)
iNat: No observations
NYFA-Xn
GBIF
iNaturalist
Images
Wikispecies
Ehrh.

1792. Mentha suaveolens Ehrh.
1900. Mentha rotundifolia var. suaveolens (Ehrh.) Briq.
1975. Mentha graveolens R.Vilm. & M.Barbero
Apple mint

Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [13],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Not in NY Flora Atlas,
NSE: Exotic in NY
Mentha suaveolens4.jpg
Nymap.svg

NYFA: not listed
iNat: 2 counties
NYFA-Excluded
GBIF
iNaturalist
Images
Wikispecies
  1. The USDA-NRCS PLANTS database and ITIS treat Mentha canadensis as a synonym of Mentha arvensis, while the New York Flora Atlas and ARS-GRIN treat them as separate species.
Clinopodium[edit | edit source]
Clinopodium vulgare
wild basil

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Clinopodium
Clinopodium Clinopodium N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Clinopodium vulgare L.
1835. Calamintha clinopodium Spenn.
1882. Calamintha vulgaris (L.) H. Karst.
1897. Satureja vulgaris
Wild basil,
Field basil
Native, CoC: 0,
Secure,
Questionable[1]

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Clinopodium vulgare (8402662385).jpg
Clinopodium vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
 (Nutt.) House

1836. Hedeoma arkansana Nutt.
1891. Clinopodium glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze
1896. Satureja arkansana (Nutt.) Briq.
1921. Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House
1940. Satureja glabella var. angustifolia (Torr.) Svenson
1955. Calamintha glabella var. angustifolia (Torr.) DeWolf
1962. Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners
Limestone calamint,
Low calamint
Native,
Likely extirpated,
N. America native
Clinopodium arkansanum kz1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
Note: [2]
 (L.) House

1753. Thymus acinos L.
1794. Acinos thymoides Moench
1811. Calamintha acinos (L.) Clairv.
1843. Satureja acinos (L.) Scheele
1891. Clinopodium acinos (L.) Kuntze
1946. Acinos arvensis (Lam.) Dandy
Basil thyme,
Mother of thyme
Introduced Steentijm closeup.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Melissa nepeta L.
1798. Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi
1843. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele
1891. Clinopodium nepeta (L.) Kuntze
1896. Satureja calamintha var. nepeta (L.) Briq.
Field balm,
Lesser calamint
Introduced,
Impersistent
Calamintha nepeta2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies
  1. NYFA lists Clinopodium vulgare with an "Unknown Native Status." Other sources list it as circumboreal, native as far south as North Carolina.
  2. NYFA lists Clinopodium glabrum as Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners. USDA-NRCS PLANTS uses Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both use Clinopodium glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze.
Satureja[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Satureja
Satureja Savory N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)

Summer savory,
Savourée,
Sarriette des jardins
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized
Satureja hortensis Prague 2011 3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Winter savory Introduced from
 Mediterranean,
N.Y. excluded
Cząber górski Satureja montana flower.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Excluded
Images
Wikispecies
Origanum[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Origanum
Origanum Origanum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Origanum vulgare L.
1867. Thymus origanum (L.) Kuntze
1934. Micromeria formosana C.Marquand
Wild marjoram,
Marjoram,
Oregano,
Organy
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized
Origanum vulgare 002.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Thymus[edit | edit source]
Thymus pulegioides
Large thyme (Thymus pulegioides) is a common garden escapee in the northeast, while garden thyme (Thymus vulgaris), though often cultivated, rarely escapes and has not been found to naturalize.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Thymus
Thymus Thyme N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Thymus pulegioides L.
 auct. Thymus serpyllum L. misapplied
Large thyme
Lemon thyme
Wild thyme
Broad-leaved thyme
Introduced from
 Europe,
Naturalized,
SNA, GNR

Perennial,
Shrub-subshrub
20160717Thymus pulegioides2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
Thymus (excluded taxa) Thyme N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Garden thyme Introduced,
Exclueded
Thymus vulgaris 002.JPG
Excluded nymap.svg
excluded
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Breckland thyme Introduced,
Exclueded
Thymus serpyllum 002.JPG
Excluded nymap.svg
excluded
NYFA-Excluded
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Ocimeae[edit | edit source]

Lavandula[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Ocimeae — Lavandula
Lavandula Lavender N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

English lavender Introduced True Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) (9734892947).jpg
Lavandula angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
Ocimum[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Ocimeae — Ocimum
Ocimum Basil N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Sweet basil Introduced,
Impersistent
2008 03 15 - Ocimum basilicum 7.JPG
Ocimum basilicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies