Flora of New York/Lamiales 2

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Lamiales 1:
Oleaceae

Scrophulariaceae
Flora of New York — Lamiales 2: : Lamiaceae
Lamiales 3:
Mazaceae

Lentibulariaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Lamiaceae[edit]

The Lamiaceae (mint family) is the sixth largest family of the flowering-plants.[F 1]

Subfamily Viticoideae[edit]

Although no members of the Viticoideae (sage subfamily) have yet been verified outside of cultivation in New York, the beach vitex has been documented as having the potential to be highly invasive in the Long Island region. The genus Callicarpa is included here only for convenience, as it is currently unplaced within the Lamiaceae but is said to be "allied" to the Viticoideae.[1] Callicarpa americana has also not been found to have naturalized in New York, but it is cultivaed and sold in the "native plant" trade.

Vitex[edit]

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Viticoideae — Vitex
Vitex Chaste-tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
L.f.

1782. Vitex rotundifolia L.f.
1784. Vitex ovata Thunb.
1847. Vitex trifolia var. unifoliolata
1891. Vitex ovata var. subtrisecta
1903. Vitex trifolia var. ovata
1959. Vitex trifolia var. simplicifolia
Beach vitex,
Roundleaf chaste-tree,
Chasteberry,
Monk's pepper
Introduced from
 western Pacific,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[1]

Perennial,
Shrub
Starr 010209-0295 Vitex rotundifolia.jpg
Vitex rotundifolia nymap.svg

USDA-X0
NEW-0Can-0
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Callicarpa[edit]

American beautyberry is native to the Southeast and occasionally planted in New York as a "native" shrub, but its has not been known to naturalize in the Northeast.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Viticoideae — Callicarpa
Callicarpa Beautyberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

1753. Callicarpa americana L.
1755. Burchardia americana (L.) Duhamel
American beautyberry,
Beauty-berry,
French mulberry
Introduced from
 southeastern US,
US South native
Callicarpa americana (24976139485).jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Subfamily Ajugoideae[edit]

The Ajugoideae

Tribe Ajugeae[edit]

Trichostema[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Ajugoideae — Ajugeae — Trichostema
Trichostemasect. Trichostema Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Trichostema dichotomum L.
1821. Trichostema pilosum Roth
1937. T. dichotomum var. puberulum
Forked bluecurls,
Bastard pennyroyal,
Common blue curls,
Blue curls
Trichostème fourchu
Native,
Secure
Trichostema dichotomum 4564.JPG
Trichostema dichotomum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp

1778. Trichostema setaceum Houtt.
1788. T. lineare Walter
1814. T. dichotomum var. lineare
1818. T. lineare Nutt.
Narrowleaf bluecurls,
Narrow-leaved blue-curls
Native,
Endangered
Trichostema setaceum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW Can-0
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Trichostemasect. Orthopodium Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Trichostema brachiatum L.
1803. Isanthus coeruleus Michx.
1888. Isanthus brachiatus B.S.P.
[1]
1933. Isanthus brachiatus var. linearis
1943. Tetraclea viscida Lundell
Fluxweed,
False pennyroyal,
Glade blue curls,
Pennyroyal blue curls
Native,
Rare
Trichostema brachiatum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. Weakley (2005) suggests that Trichostema sect. Orthopodium could be moved to Isanthus, which would return Trichostema brachiatum to Isanthus brachiatus. Weakley, Alan. 2005. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia. Working draft. June 10, 2005. University of North Carolina Herbarium, Chapel Hill, NC.
Ajuga[edit]
Ajuga reptans L.
carpet bugle
Ajuga, or bugleweed, contains about 40 species of herbaceous plants, none of which are native to North America. The two species Ajuga reptans and to a lesser extent Ajuga genevensis have been found to naturalize in New York State.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Ajugoideae — Ajugeae — Ajuga
Ajuga Bugle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Ajuga reptans L.
Carpet bugle,
Common bugle,
Blue bugle
Bugle rampante
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
CP-5[1],
NE-3[2]
20170520Ajuga reptans1.jpg
Ajuga reptans nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Ajuga genevensis L.
Erect bugle,
Standing bugle,
Geneva bugle
Introduced 20150512Ajuga genevensis2.jpg
Ajuga genevensis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Teucrieae[edit]

Teucrium[edit]
Teucrium canadense L.
American germander

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Teucrieae — Teucrium
Teucrium Germander N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Teucrium canadense L.
1829. T. canadense var. virginicum
1878. T. occidentale A. Gray
1901. T. boreale E.P. Bicknell
1901. T. littorale E.P. Bicknell
1908. T. canadense var. littorale
1946. T. canadense var. occidentale
1963. T. canadense var. boreale
American germander
Canada germander
Canadian germander
Hairy germander
Western germander
Wood sage

Germandrée du Canada
Native, C:4,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb=forb,
Part shade
Teucrium canadense - American Germander.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Teucrium botrys L.
Cutleaf germander,
Cut-leaved germander,
Cut-leaf germander
Introduced from
 Europe,
Possibly naturalized
Teucrium botrys sl28.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp

Subfamily Scutellarioideae[edit]

Scutellaria[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Scutellarioideae — Scutellaria
Scutellaria Skullcap N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Marsh skullcap,
Hooded skullcap
Native, C:6,
Secure
Scutellaria galericulata20140607 089.jpg
Scutellaria galericulata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

Blue skullcap,
Mad-dog skullcap
Native, C:7,
Secure
Scutellaria lateriflora 02.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. parvula

Small skullcap Native, C:8,
Rare,
DEC-C[1]
Scutellaria parvula.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
var. missouriensis

Leonard's skullcap Native, C:10,
No recent reports
Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis (26069984332).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Biehler
var. incana

Hoary skullcap,
Downy skullcap
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[2]
Scutellaria incana 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 L.

Helmet flower,
Hyssop skullcap
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
Scutellaria integrifolia NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Spreng.
var. elliptica

    Scutellaria ovalifolia Pers.
    Scutellaria pilosa Michx.
Hairy skullcap Native, C:10,
Likely extirpated
Scutellaria elliptica, Rosaryville (14222531929).jpg
Scutellaria elliptica var elliptica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Pursh

Veined skullcap Native, C:10,
Likely extirpated
Scutellaria nervosa.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Showy skullcap Native, C:10,
No recent reports
Scutellaria serrata kz1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z






Images, wsp
 Fernald

Scutellaria galericulata ×
Scutellaria lateriflora

Skullcap Native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Subfamily Lamioideae[edit]

Tribe Marrubieae[edit]

Ballota[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Ballota
Ballota Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.
ssp. foetida (Koch) Hayek

1929. Ballota nigra ssp. foetida
    Ballota nigra var. alba
    Ballota nigra var. foetida
    Ballota borealis Schweigg.
Black horehound,
Fetid horehound
Ballote vulgaire,
Ballote noire,
Marrube noire
Introduced from
 Europe,
 northern Africa
Ballota nigra fresnes-au-mont 55 03062007 2.jpg
Ballota nigra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
Marrubium[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Marrubium
Marrubium Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
 L.

Horehound Introduced Marrubium vulgare 002.JPG
Marrubium vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Moluccella[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Moluccella
Moluccella Moluccella N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Shellflower Introduced,
Impersistent
Moluccella cf laevis 2.JPG
Moluccella laevis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

Tribe Lamieae[edit]

Lamiastrum[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Lamieae — Lamiastrum
Lamiastrum Lamiastrum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Ehren. & Polatschek

1753. Galeopsis galeobdolon L.
1769. Lamium galeobdolon Crantz
1778. Galeobdolon luteum Huds.
1966. Lamiastrum galeobdolon Ehren. &al.
Yellow archangel,
Yellow henbit,
Aluminum plant,
Artillery plant
Lamier jaune,
Ortie jaune,
Lamier doré
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
Weed[1]
20150421Lamiastrum galeobdolon.jpg
Lamiastrum galeobdolon NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
  1. Lamiastrum galeobdolon is declared as a noxious weed in Oregon and Washington state
Lamium[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Lamieae — Lamium
Lamium Deadnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) L.

1753. Lamium album var. maculatum L.
1763. Lamium maculatum L.
Spotted deadnettle,
Spotted henbit,
Variegated deadnettle
Lamier maculé,
Lamier tacheté
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[1],
IPA
Lamium maculatum 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
var. purpureum

1753. Lamium purpureum L.
1852. Lamiopsis purpurea (L.) Opiz
Purple deadnettle,
Red hanbit,
Red deadnettle
Introduced,
Widespread weed
Lamium purpureum2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.
var. incisum

    Lamium dissectum With.
 auct. Lamium hybridumnon Vill.
    Lamium purpureum var. incisum
Hybrid deadnettle,
Purple deadnettle,
Red deadnettle,
Red hanbit
Introduced Lamium purpureum var incisum2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lamium amplexicaule L.
1960. Lamium amplexicaule var. album
Pickens & M.C.W.Pickens
Henbit deadnettle,
Common dead-nettle,
Common henbit,
Clasping henbit
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa
20150424Lamium amplexicaule.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lamium album L.
White deadnettle,
White-nettle,
White henbit,
Snowflake
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Deadnettle 800.jpg
Lamium album NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Leonureae[edit]

Leonurus[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Leonureae — Leonurus
Leonurus Motherwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Leonurus cardiaca L.
1830. Leonurus glaucescens Bunge
1849. Leonurus cardiaca var. villosus
1874. Lamium cardiaca (L.) Baill.
1945. Leonurus cardiaca ssp. villosus
Common mother-wort,
Motherwort
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[1]
P1030981-Leonurus-cardiaca.JPG
Leonurus cardiaca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Chaiturus marrubiastrum
Lion's tail Introduced Leonurus marrubiastrum detail.jpeg
Leonurus marrubiastrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Phlomideae[edit]

Phlomis[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Phlomideae — Phlomis
Phlomis Jerusalem-sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
 L.

1753. Phlomis tuberosa L.
1794. Phlomoides tuberosa (L.) Moench
1824. Leonotis tuberosa (L.) Hoffmanns.
1829. Phlomidopsis tuberosa (L.) Link
1837. Trambis tuberosa (L.) Raf.
1843. Phlomitis tuberosa (L.) Rchb.
ex T.Nees
Tuberous Jerusalem sage,
Jerusalem sage
Sauge de Jérusalem
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Unk. naturalization
Phlomis tuberosa habitus 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Synandreae[edit]

Physostegia[edit]

The only native or naturalized member of Physostegia found in New York is P. virginiana, the commonly-cultivated 'northern obedient-plant. Although it is considered native to New York, most populations are probably the result of naturalized escapes.[1]

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Synandreae — Physostegia
Physostegia Lionsheart N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
 (L.) Benth.
ssp. virginiana

1753. Dracocephalum virginianum L.
1789. Dracocephalum denticulatum Aiton
1830. Physostegia speciosa Sweet
1834. Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.
1908. Physostegia formosior Lunell
1931. Dracocephalum formosius Rydb.
1982. P. virginiana ssp. virginiana autonym
Obedient plant,
False dragon-head,
Obedient false dragon-head,
Virginia false dragon-head
Physostégie de Virginie
Native,
Secure
Physostegia virginiana 9620.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp

Tribe Stachydeae[edit]

Stachys[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Stachydeae — Stachys
Stachys Hedgenettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Pursh

1800. Stachys tenuifolia Willd. (misappl.)
1814. Stachys hispida Pursh
1836. Stachys glabra Riddell
1920. S. palustris var. macrocalyx Jenn.
1943. S. tenuifolia var. platyphylla Fernald
1943. S. tenuifolia var. perlonga Fernald
1943. S. tenuifolia var. hispida Fernald
1972. S. palustris var. hispida B.Boivin
Hispid hedgenettle,
Smooth hedge-nettle,
Slender betony
Native,
Likely secure
Stachys hispida.jpg
Stachys tenuifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. hyssopifolia

    Stachys hyssopifolia Michx.
    Stachys atlantica Britton
    Stachys lythroides Small
Hyssopleaf hedgenettle,
Hyssop-leaved
    hedge-nettle
Native,
Threatened
Stachys hyssopifolia BB-1913.png
Stachys hyssopifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW Can-0
ITIS




Images, wsp
Nutt.

1834. Stachys pilosa Nutt.
1934. Stachys palustris ssp. pilosa
1943. Stachys palustris var. pilosa
Hairy hedgenettle
Hairy hedge nettle
hairy hedge-nettle

Native, C:3,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Nu
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Stachys palustris L.
1849. S. palustris var. elliptica Clos
1879. S. palustris var. petiolata T.Durand
1881. S. palustris var. segetum Nyman
1908. S. palustris var. homotricha Fernald
Marsh hedge-nettle,
Marsh woundwort,
Marsh betony
Épaire des marais,
Crapaudine
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Stachys palustris20110630 03.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 K.Koch

Woolly hedgenettle,
Lamb's ears,
Epiaire laineuse
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Stachys byzantina Yvoire-2 4x3.jpg
Stachys byzantina nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Stachys sylvatica L.
Whitespot,
Woodland hedge-nettle,
Hedge woundwort
Épaire des bois,
Épaire des forêts
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Hedge Woundwort (Stachys sylvatica).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Betonica annua L.
1763. Stachys annua (L.) L.
Annual hedgenettle
Épiaire annuelle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
Stachys annua 4x3.jpg
Stachys annua nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
 Bunge

1833. Stachys affinis Bunge
1865. Stachys sieboldii Miq.
[1]
1887. Stachys tuberifera Naudin
Artichoke betony,
Chinese artichoke,
Crosne du Japon
Introduced from
 China,
Impersistent
Stachys sieboldii0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Glechoma arvensis L.
1763. Stachys arvensis (L.) L.
1778. Cardiaca arvensis (L.) Lam.
Field hedgenettle,
Staggerweed,
Field woundwort
Épiaire des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N. Africa,
Impersistent
Stachys arvensis 01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (K. Koch) Stearn

1800. Betonica grandiflora Stephan
ex Willd.
1834. S. grandiflora (Willd.) Benth. hom.
1849. Betonica macrantha K.Koch
1951. Stachys macrantha (K.Koch) Stearn
Big-sage Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Impersistent,
No specimens
Stachys macrantha0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 (L.) Trevis.

1753. Betonica officinalis L.
1834. Stachys betonica Benth.
Common hedgenettle Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N.Africa,
Impersistent
Betonica Officinalis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 Riddell

1848. Stachys nuttallii Shuttlw. ex Benth.
1903. Stachys salvioides Small
1920. Stachys riddellii House
1927. Stachys subcordata Rydb.
1936. Stachys cordata Riddell
Heartleaf hedgenettle,
Heart-leaved
  hedge-nettle
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Stachys cordata BB-1913-2.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0

ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe (uncertain)[edit]

Galeopsis[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — uncertain — Galeopsis
Galeopsis Hempnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
Boenn.

1824. Galeopsis bifida Boenn.
1831. G. tetrahit var. bifida
1848. G. tetrahit var. parviflora
1881. G. tetrahit ssp. bifida
1921. G. bifida var. emarginata
1929. G. tetrahit var. bifida
Notched hemp-nettle,
Bifid-lip hempnettle,
Splitlip hempnettle,
Common hempnettle
Galéopside bifide,
Galéopsis bifide
Introduced,
Naturalized,
Widespread
Galeopsis bifida 230711.JPG
Galeopsis bifida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can

Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Galeopsis tetrahit L.
1763. Lamium tetrahit (L.) Crantz
1771. G. tetrahit var. tetrahit
1794. Tetrahit nodosum (L.) Moench
1821. G. nodosum (Moench) Gray (i)
1862. G. tetrahit ssp. tetrahit
1891. Ladanum tetrahit (L.) Kuntze
Common hempnettle,
Common hemp-nettle,
Brittle-stemmed hemp-nettle,
Brittlestem hempnettle,
Dog nettle,
Ironwort
Galéopside à tige carrée,
Galéopside tétrahit,
Ortie royale
Introduced from
 Europe,
Naturalized
20140630Stachys palustris4.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Galeopsis ladanum L.
    
    
Broad-leaved hemp-nettle,
Broadleaf hempnettle,
Hemp nettle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized
Galeopsis ladanum 001.jpg
Galeopsis ladanum var latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Ehrh. ex Hoffm.

    G. angustifolia Ehrh. ex Hoffm.
    G. ladanum var. angustifolia
    
Narrow-leaved hemp-nettle,
Narrowleaf hempnettle
Introduced,
Not naturalized
Galeopsis angustifolia ENBLA01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Subfamily Nepetoideae[edit]

Tribe Elsholtzieae[edit]

Collinsonia[edit]
Collinsonia canadensis
stoneroot, horsebalm, richweed

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Collinsonia
Collinsonia Horsebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
L.

1753. Collinsonia canadensis L.
Stoneroot,
Horsebalm,
Canada horse-balm,
Northern horsebalm,
Richweed,
Citronella,
Citronella horse balm
Native, C:7,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Collinsonia canadensis 003.JPG
Collinsonia canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Elsholtzia[edit]
Elsholtzia ciliata
crested late-summer mint
Elsholtzia ciliata (crested late-summer mint) is listed as invasive in Connecticut.[1]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Elsholtzia
Elsholtzia Elsholtzia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (Thunb.) Hyl.

Elsholtzia cristata
Crested elsholtzia,
Crested latesummer mint,
Crested late-summer mint,
Vietnamese balm
Introduced from
 Asia,
Potentially invasive
Elsholtzia ciliata 2010.jpg
Elsholtzia ciliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
Perilla[edit]
Perilla frutescens
beefsteak plant

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Perilla
Perilla Perilla-mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) Britton
var. frutescens

1753. Ocimum frutescens L.
1764. Perilla ocymoides L. superfl.
1856. Perilla ocymoides var. japonica
1939. Salvia infuscata Epling
1948. Perilla frutescens var. japonica
Beefsteak plant
Beefsteakplant
Perilla-mint
Wild sesame
Introduced,
Naturalized

FAC

Annual,
Herb-forb
Perilla frutescens 36.jpg
Perilla frutescens var frutescens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) Britton
var. crispa (Benth.) W. Deane

1784. Ocimum crispum Thunb.
1848. Perilla ocymoides var. crispa
1848. Perilla arguta Benth.
1923. Perilla frutescens var. crispa
Crisped beefsteak plant
Shiso
Beefsteakplant
Introduced,
Unk. naturalization

FAC

Annual,
Herb-forb
Perilla frutescens crispa purpurea.fleurs et graines.jpg
Perilla frutescens var crispa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Mentheae[edit]

Mentheae is the largest Lamiaceae tribe and contains the herbs sage, thyme, and of course mint. The subtribes used here are from Drew & Sytsma (2012).[F 1]

Subtribe Salviinae[edit]
Salvia[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Salviinae — Salvia
Salvia Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
L.

1753. Salvia lyrata L.
1768. Horminum lyratum (L.) Mill.
1837. Larnastyra lyrata (L.) Raf.
1828. Cunila lyrata (L.) Schrank
Lyre-leaved sage,
Lyreleaf sage,
Cancerweed
Native, C:10,
Endangered

FACW-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
Salvia lyrata Kaldari.jpg
Salvia lyrata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx. ex Lam.
var. grandiflora Benth.

1833. Salvia pitcheri Torr. ex Benth.
1848. Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
1894. Salvia azurea var. pitcheri
1939. Salvia azurea ssp. pitcheri
1939. Salvia azurea ssp. intermedia
Blue sage,
Pitcher sage,
Pitcher's sage
Introduced from
 southern U.S.,
N. America native
Salvia azurea (15355500781).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Hornem.

    Salvia lancifolia Poir.
    
    
Lance-leaved sage,
Rocky Mountain sage,
Blue sage,
Lambsleaf sage,
Sage mint
Introduced,
N. America native
Salvia reflexa drawing 1.png
Salvia reflexa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NW






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Salvia glutinosa L.
    
    
Sticky sage,
Jupiter's sage,
Jupiter's distaff
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
Naturalized[1]
Salvia-glutinosa1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 Benth.

    
    
    
Wood sage Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
Salvia nemorosa ostfriesland 0.12 R.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Kitchen sage Introduced Salvia officinalis 001.JPG
Salvia officinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Meadow sage
Meadow clary
Introduced sage

Sauge des près
Introduced,
Naturalized
Wiesensalbei 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Lilac sage Introduced Salvia verticillata P14.jpg
Salvia verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Salvia(excluded species) Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
L.

    
    
    
Clary
Clary sage
Europe sage

Sauge sclarée
Sclarée
Toute-bonne
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
N.Y. excluded
Lamiaceae - Salvia sclarea. Agata Fossili127.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

    
    
    
Silver sage Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Salvia argentea 14May2009 plant CampoCalatrava.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Nodding sage Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Salvia nutans2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
L. (pro. sp)

Salvia nemorosa ×
Salvia pratensis

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 wood sage &
 meadow sage
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
  1. Nava M. Tabak (2011). Salvia glutinosa (Lamiaceae) naturalized in southeastern New York. Rhodora 113: 220-224.
Melissa[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Salviinae — Melissa
Melissa Balm N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

    
    
    
Common balm,
Garden balm,
Lemon balm
Introduced Melissa officinalis.jpeg
Melissa officinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Subtribe Prunellinae[edit]
Prunella[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Prunellinae — Prunella
Prunella Selfheal N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.
var. lanceolata
(W.P.C.Barton) Piper & Beattie

1818. P. pennsylvanica var. lanceolata
1834. P. vulgaris var. elongata
1913. P. vulgaris var. lanceolata
1915. P. vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
American self-heal,
American heal-all,
Lance selfheal,
Mountain selfheal,
Narrowleaf selfheal
Native,
Likely secure,
Fact sheet[1]
Prunella vulgaris - Selfheal.jpg
Prunella vulgaris var vulgaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-N
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.
var. vulgaris

    P. caroliniana
    P. vulgaris ssp. vulgaris
Common self-heal,
Eurasian self-heal
Introduced,
Widespread weed
20131013Prunella vulgaris1.jpg
Prunella vulgaris var vulgaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX






Images, wsp
(L.) L.

    Prunella laciniata (L.) L.
    
    
Cutleaf selfheal,
Cut-leaved selfheal,
Cut-leaved heal-all
Introduced Prunella laciniata Habitus 2011-6-23 SierraMadrona.jpg
Prunella laciniata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. USDA-NRCS Plant Fact Sheet for Lance Selfheal, Prunella vulgaris L. ssp. lanceolata (W. Bartram) Hultén
Subtribe Lycopinae[edit]
Lycopus[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Lycopinae — Lycopus
Lycopus Bugleweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton

1813. Lycopus americanus Muhl. (i)
1815. Lycopus americanus
Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton
1917. Phytosalpinx americana
(Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton) Lunell
    
American bugleweed,
American water horehound,
Common water horehound[1]
Native, C:4,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lycopus americanus NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Michx.

    
    
    
Northern bugleweed,
Slender bugleweed
Native,
Secure
Lycopus uniflorus 5499186.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Virginia bugleweed,
Virginia water horehound
Native,
Likely secure
Lycopus virginicus 002.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Raf.

    
    
    
Sessile-leaved bugleweed Native,
Threatened
Lycopus amplectens.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Moench

    
    
    
Stalked bugleweed,
Taperleaf water horehound
Native,
Endangered
Lycopus rubellus NRCS-2.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Greene

    
    
    
Rough bugleweed,
Rough water horehound[2]
Introduced Lycopus asper NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
European bugleweed,
Gypsywort
Introduced Lycopus europaeus.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
Subtribe Nepetineae[edit]
Agastache[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Agastache
AgastacheJ.Clayton ex Gronov. Giant-hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Willd.) Kuntze

1800. Hyssopus scrophulariaefolia
Willd.
1891. Agastache scrophulariifolia
(Willd.) Kuntze
Purple giant-hyssop,
Figwort giant-hyssop,
Purple giant hyssop,
Figwort giant hyssop
Agastache à feuilles
  de scrofulaire
Native, C:2,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Agastache scrophulariifolia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Hyssopus nepetoides L.
1808. Vleckia nepetoides (L.) Raf.
1891. A. nepetoides (L.) Kuntze
1829. Lophanthus nepetoides
(L.) Benth.
Yellow giant hyssop,
Catnip giant-hyssop
Agastache faux-népéta,
Agastache faux-népète
Native, C:6,
Threatened

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Agastache nepetoides - Catnip giant hyssop.jpg
Agastache nepetoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
(Pursh) Kuntze

1813. Hyssopus anethiodorus Nutt.
1814. Stachys foeniculum Pursh
1818. H. foeniculum (Pursh) Spreng.
1829. Lophanthus anisatus Benth.
1891. A. foeniculum (Pursh) Kuntze
1892. Vleckia foeniculum
(Pursh) MacMill.
1894. V. anethiodora (Nutt.) Greene
1898. A. anethiodora (Nutt.) Britton
Anise-hyssop,
Fragrant giant-hyssop,
Lavender giant-hyssop,
Anise mint,
Blue giant hyssop,
Fennel giant hyssop,
Licorice mint
Agastache fenouil
Introduced from
 S-central Canada,
 N-central US,
N. America native,
Cultivated,
Naturalized: ?

Perennial,
Forb-herb,
Sun-shade
Agastache foeniculum 'Anise Hyssop' (Labatae) plant.JPG
Agastache foeniculum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Dracocephalum[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Dracocephalum
Dracocephalum Dragonhead N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
Nutt.

1818. Dracocephalum parviflora Nutt.
1913. Moldavica parviflora Britton
American dragonhead,
Dragonhead mint
Native,
Endangered
Dracocephalum parviflorum drawing 1.png
Dracocephalum parviflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
L.

    Moldavica thymiflora (L.) Rydb.
Thymeleaf dragonhead,
Thyme-leaved dragon-head
Introduced,
Impersistent
Dracocephalum thymiflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Glechoma[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Glechoma
Glechoma Glechoma N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Nepeta hederacea
Ground ivy,
Gill-over-the-ground
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO

FACU
Glechoma hederacea 02.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
Hyssopus[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Hyssopus
Hyssopus Hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE

Hyssop Introduced Hyssopus officinalis 004.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
Nepeta[edit]
Nepeta cataria L. catnip

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Nepeta
Nepeta Catnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Catnip Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Nepeta cataria 1.jpg
Nepeta cataria NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 M.Bieb.

Caucasus catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
Nepeta grandiflora blatt.jpeg
Nepeta grandiflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Spreng. ex Henckel

Persian catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
Nepeta mussinii blatt.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Meehania[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Nepetineae — Meehania
Meehania Meehan's mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Nutt.) Britton

1818. Dracocephalum cordatum Nutt.
1834. Cedronella cordata Benth.
1894. Meehania cordata (Nutt.) Britton
Meehan's mint Introduced from
 Appalachians,
US South native,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Meehania cordata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
Subtribe Menthinae[edit]
For convenience, the large Menthinae subtribe is here separated into Old-World and New-World clades along the lines presented in Drew and Sytsma (2012).[F 1] However, many of the genera have been found to be polyphyletic, including Mentha and Clinopodium, which have New York species in both clades.
Hedeoma[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Hedeoma
Hedeoma False-pennyroyal N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Pers. (1806)

    Cunila pulegioides
    Melissa pulegioides
    Ziziphora pulegioides
American false pennyroyal,
American pennyroyal
Native,
Secure
Hedeoma pulegioides 2017-09-26 4959.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Pursh

Rough false pennyroyal Native,
Threatened
Hedeoma hispida (7495954586).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
Blephilia[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Blephilia
Blephilia Pagoda-plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (Pursh) Benth.

Hairy pagoda plant,
Hairy woodmint
Native,
Likely secure
Blephilia hirsuta drawing 1.png
Blephilia hirsuta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 (L.) Raf.

Downy pagoda plant,
Downy woodmint,
Ohio horsemint,
Sunny woodmint
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1]
Blephilia ciliata.jpg
Blephilia ciliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
Monarda[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Monarda
Monarda Beebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Oswego tea,
Scarlet beebalm,
Bee-balm,
Red bergamot,
Bergamot,
Mountain-mint
Monarde écarlate,
Monarde pourpre
Native, C:7,
Secure,
DEC-D[1]

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
Monarda July 2013-1.jpg
Monarda didyma NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. fistulosa

Common wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot bee-balm
Native, C:2,
Secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
Monarda fistulosa - Flickr - gailhampshire.jpg
Monarda fistulosa var fistulosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can


BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. mollis

    Monarda mollis L.
    Monarda fistulosa var. mollis
    Monarda scabra Beck
Pale wild bergamot Native, C:2,
Likely secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can


BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Willd.

Monarda didyma ×
Monarda fistulosa var. fistulosa.

    Monarda media Willd.
    Mondarda fistulosa var. media
Purple bergamot,
Purple horsemint
Monarde moyenne,
Monarde pourpre
N. America native,
NY nativity unk.



Perennial,
Herb-forb
Monarda media BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-?
USDA-NN
NEW Can


BNA


Images, wsp
 L.
var. villicaulis

Horsemint Native,
Likely secure
Monarda punctata BB-1913.png
Monarda punctata var villicaulis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp
 L.
var. punctata

Spotted beebalm,
Dotted horse mint
Native,
Endangered
Monarda punctataUGA1120190.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

    Monarda clinopodia L.
    M. allophylla Michx.
    M. fistulosa var. clinopodia
Basil balm,
Basilbalm,
Basil bee-balm
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
Monarda clinopodia drawing 1.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-N0



BNA


Images, wsp
Pycnanthemum[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Pycnanthemum
Pycnanthemum Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Michx.

1753. Clinopodium incanum L.
1803. P. incanum (L.) Michx.
Hoary mountain-mint Native,
Secure
Pycnanthemum incanum UGA1120218.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

1809. P. tenuifolium Schrad.
 auct. P. flexuosum
non (Walter) Britton et al.
Narrowleaf mountainmint,
Slender mountain-mint
Native,
Secure
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium - Narrow Leaved Mountain Mint 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
(L.) T.Durand & B.D.Jacks.
ex B.L.Rob. & Fernald

1753. Satureja virginiana L.
1908. P. virginianum (L.) T.Durand &
B.D.Jacks. ex B.L.Rob. & Fernald
Virginia mountain-mint Native,
Likely secure
Pycnanthemum virginianum 2016-07-19 2831b.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp

Blunt mountain-mint Native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[1],
NYNHP: 2[2]
Pycnanthemum muticum (14698450077).jpg
Pycnanthemum muticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
Torr. & A. Gray

Koellia clinopodioides
Basil mountain-mint Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[3]
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides drawing 1.png
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp

Torrey's mountain mint Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
(Michx.) Pers.
var. verticillatum

Whorled mountain-mint Native,
Endangered
Pycnanthemum verticillatum var. verticillatum001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
var. pilosum

yyyy. Koellia pilosa (Nutt.) Baill.
yyyy. Pycnanthemum pilosum Nutt.
Whorled mountain-mint Introduced,
N. America native
Pycnanthemum verticillatum var pilosum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
Cunila[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Cunila
Cunila Cunila N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
 (L.) Britt.

Cunila mariana L.Mappia origanoides (L.) House
Common dittany Native,
Likely secure
Cunila origanoides drawing 1.png
Cunila origanoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-






Images, wsp
Mentha[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Mentha
Mentha Mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Mentha arvensis ×
Mentha longifolia

1753. Mentha canadensis L.
1833. M. canadensis var. glabrata
1882. M. arvensis ssp. piperascens
1908. M. arvensis var. glabrata
 auct. M. arvensisnon L.
American wild mint,
American corn mint,
Canadian mint,
Corn mint,
Chinese mint,
Japanese mint
Native, C:4,
Secure,
N. America native,
Asia native
Mentha canadensis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Note: [1]
 L. (1753)

Corn mint,
Field mint,
Wild mint,
Menthe des champs
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Mentha arvensis.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

    Mentha citrata Ehrh.
    Mentha × piperi var. citrata
    Mentha piperita ssp. citrata
Water mint Introduced Watermunt.jpg
Mentha aquatica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

    M. sylvestris L.
    M. viridis L.
 auct. M. cordifolianon Opiz ex Fresen.
 auct. M. longifolianon (L.) Huds.
Spearmint Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Mentha Spicata1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 Sole (pro sp.)

Mentha arvensis ×
Mentha spicata

    M. cardiaca J.Gerard ex Baker
 auct. M. gentilisnon L.
    M. × gentilis var. cardiaca
 auct. M. × muelleriananon F.W.Schultz
Gingermint,
Creeping whorled mint
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Mentha gracilis and rotundifolia MN 2007.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L. (pro sp.)

Mentha aquatica ×
Mentha spicata

    M. aquatica var. crispa
    M. Mentha crispa L.
    M. dumetorum Schultes
Peppermint Introduced Mentha piperita (2).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(L.) Huds. (pro sp.)

Mentha longifolia ×
Mentha suaveolens

Peppermint Introduced Mentha × rotundifolia BF-1880.png
Mentha × rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 Huds. (pro sp.)

Mentha spicata ×
Mentha suaveolens

    M. alopecuroides Hull
    M. nemorosa Willd.
Foxtail mint Introduced Mentha × villosa drawing 1.png
Mentha × villosa NY-dist-map.png

USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. The USDA-NRCS PLANTS database and ITIS treat Mentha canadensis as a synonym of Mentha arvensis, while the New York Flora Atlas and ARS-GRIN treat them as separate species.
Clinopodium[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Clinopodium
Clinopodium Clinopodium N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

    Clinopodium vulgare L.
    Calamintha vulgaris
    Satureja vulgaris
Wild basil,
Field basil
Native,
Secure,
Questionable[1]
Clinopodium vulgare (8402662385).jpg
Clinopodium vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp
(Nutt.) House

1836. Hedeoma arkansana Nutt.
1891. Cl. glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze
1896. Satureja arkansana (Nutt.) Briq.
1921. Cl. arkansanum (Nutt.) House
1940. Satureja glabella var. angustifolia
1955. Calamintha glabella var. angustifolia
1962. Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners
Limestone calamint,
Low calamint
Native,
Likely extirpated,
N. America native
Clinopodium arkansanum kz1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Note: [2]
 (L.) Kuntze

    Cl. acinos (L.) Kuntze
    Acinos arvensis
    Acinos thymoides
    Calamintha acinos
    Satureja acinos
Basil thyme Introduced Steentijm closeup.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
(L.) Kuntze

1891. Cl. nepeta (L.) Kuntze
    Calamintha nepeta
Field balm,
Lesser calamint
Introduced,
Impersistent
Calamintha nepeta2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp
Note: [3]
  1. NYFA lists Clinopodium vulgare as "Not Native." Other sources list it as circumboreal, native as far south as North Carolina.
  2. NYFA lists Clinopodium glabrum as Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners. USDA-NRCS PLANTS uses Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both use Clinopodium glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze.
  3. NYFA and USDA-NRCS PLANTS list Clinopodium nepeta as Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both list it as Clinopodium nepeta (Nutt.) Kuntze.
Satureja[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Satureja
Satureja Savory N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L. (1753)

Summer savory,
Savourée,
Sarriette des jardins
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized
Satureja hortensis Prague 2011 3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Winter savory Introduced from
 Mediterranean,
N.Y. excluded
Satureja montana Cząber górski flower.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
Origanum[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Origanum
Origanum Origanum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Origanum vulgare L.
1867. Thymus origanum (L.) Kuntze
1934. Micromeria formosana C.Marquand
Wild marjoram,
Marjoram,
Oregano,
Organy
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized
Origanum vulgare 002.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Thymus[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Thymus
Thymus Thyme N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Lemon thyme Introduced Thymus pulegioides.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X






Images, wsp
 L.

Garden thyme Introduced Thymus vulgaris 001.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X






Images, wsp

Tribe Ocimeae[edit]

Lavandula[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Ocimeae — Lavandula
Lavandula Lavender N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

English lavender Introduced True Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) (9734892947).jpg
Lavandula angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Ocimum[edit]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Ocimeae — Ocimum
Ocimum Basil N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Sweet basil Introduced,
Impersistent
2008 03 15 - Ocimum basilicum 7.JPG
Ocimum basilicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

References[edit]


Lamiales 1:
Oleaceae

Scrophulariaceae
Flora of New York — Lamiales 2: : Lamiaceae
Lamiales 3:
Mazaceae

Lentibulariaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index