Flora of New York/Lamiales 2

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Lamiales 1:
Oleaceae

Scrophulariaceae
Flora of New York — Lamiales 2: : Lamiaceae
Lamiales 3:
Mazaceae

Lentibulariaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Lamiaceae[edit | edit source]

The Lamiaceae (mint family) is the sixth largest family of the flowering-plants.[F 1]

Subfamily Viticoideae[edit | edit source]

Although no members of the Viticoideae (sage subfamily) have yet been verified outside of cultivation in New York, the beach vitex has been documented as having the potential to be highly invasive in the Long Island region. The genus Callicarpa is included here only for convenience, as it is currently unplaced within the Lamiaceae but is said to be "allied" to the Viticoideae.[1]

Callicarpa americana has also not been found to have naturalized in New York, but it is cultivated and sold in the "native plant" trade.


Vitex[edit | edit source]

Vitex rotundifolia
Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex) is listed as potentially being highly invasive in New York. It was introduced in the southeasterm US for beach stabilizaiton but is now banned in most areas,[1] including New York State.[2]

There appear to have been no East Coast reports north of southern New Jersey.


Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Viticoideae — Vitex
Vitex Chaste-tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
L.f.

1782. Vitex rotundifolia L.f.
1784. Vitex ovata Thunb.
1847. Vitex trifolia var. unifoliolata
1891. Vitex ovata var. subtrisecta
1903. Vitex trifolia var. ovata
1959. Vitex trifolia var. simplicifolia
Beach vitex,
Roundleaf chaste-tree,
Chasteberry,
Monk's pepper
Introduced from
 western Pacific,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[1]

Perennial,
Shrub
Starr 010209-0295 Vitex rotundifolia.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
no NY reports

USDA-X0
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Callicarpa[edit | edit source]

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry is native to the Southeast and occasionally planted in New York as a "native" shrub, but its has not been known to naturalize in the Northeast.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Viticoideae — Callicarpa
Callicarpa Beautyberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

1753. Callicarpa americana L.
1755. Burchardia americana (L.) Duhamel
American beautyberry,
Beauty-berry,
French mulberry
Introduced from
 southeastern US,
US South native
Callicarpa americana (24976139485).jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
Monroe
Westchester
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
NatureServe
BONAP

Images, wsp

Subfamily Ajugoideae[edit | edit source]

The Ajugoideae

Tribe Ajugeae[edit | edit source]

Trichostema[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Ajugoideae — Ajugeae — Trichostema
Trichostemasect. Trichostema Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Trichostema dichotomum L.
1821. Trichostema pilosum Roth
1937. T. dichotomum var. puberulum
Forked bluecurls,
Bastard pennyroyal,
Common blue curls,
Blue curls
Trichostème fourchu
Native,
Secure
Trichostema dichotomum 4564.JPG
Trichostema dichotomum nymap.svg
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1778. Trichostema setaceum Houtt.
1788. T. lineare Walter
1814. T. dichotomum var. lineare
1818. T. lineare Nutt.
Narrowleaf bluecurls,
Narrow-leaved blue-curls
Native,
Endangered
Trichostema setaceum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
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Trichostemasect. Orthopodium Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Trichostema brachiatum L.
1803. Isanthus coeruleus Michx.
1888. Isanthus brachiatus B.S.P.
[1]
1933. Isanthus brachiatus var. linearis
1943. Tetraclea viscida Lundell
Fluxweed,
False pennyroyal,
Glade blue curls,
Pennyroyal blue curls
Native,
Rare
Trichostema brachiatum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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  1. Weakley (2005) suggests that Trichostema sect. Orthopodium could be moved to Isanthus, which would return Trichostema brachiatum to Isanthus brachiatus. Weakley, Alan. 2005. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia. Working draft. June 10, 2005. University of North Carolina Herbarium, Chapel Hill, NC.
Ajuga[edit | edit source]
Ajuga reptans L.
carpet bugle
Ajuga, or bugleweed, contains about 40 species of herbaceous plants, none of which are native to North America. The two species Ajuga reptans and to a lesser extent Ajuga genevensis have been found to naturalize in New York State.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Ajugoideae — Ajugeae — Ajuga
Ajuga Bugle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Ajuga reptans L.
Carpet bugle,
Common bugle,
Blue bugle
Bugle rampante
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
CP-5[1],
NE-3[2]
20170520Ajuga reptans1.jpg
Ajuga reptans nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Ajuga genevensis L.
Erect bugle,
Standing bugle,
Geneva bugle
Introduced 20150512Ajuga genevensis2.jpg
Ajuga genevensis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Teucrieae[edit | edit source]

Teucrium[edit | edit source]
Teucrium canadense L.
American germander

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Teucrieae — Teucrium
Teucrium Germander N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Teucrium canadense L.
1829. T. canadense var. virginicum
1878. T. occidentale A. Gray
1901. T. boreale E.P. Bicknell
1901. T. littorale E.P. Bicknell
1908. T. canadense var. littorale
1946. T. canadense var. occidentale
1963. T. canadense var. boreale
American germander
Canada germander
Canadian germander
Hairy germander
Western germander
Wood sage

Germandrée du Canada
Native, C:4,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb=forb,
Part shade
Teucrium canadense - American Germander.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Teucrium botrys L.
Cutleaf germander,
Cut-leaved germander,
Cut-leaf germander
Introduced from
 Europe,
Possibly naturalized
Teucrium botrys sl28.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Subfamily Scutellarioideae[edit | edit source]

Scutellaria[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Scutellarioideae — Scutellaria
Scutellaria Skullcap N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Marsh skullcap,
Hooded skullcap
Native, C:6,
Secure
Scutellaria galericulata20140607 089.jpg
Scutellaria galericulata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
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 L.

Blue skullcap,
Mad-dog skullcap
Native, C:7,
Secure
Scutellaria lateriflora 02.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 Michx.
var. parvula

Small skullcap Native, C:8,
Rare,
DEC-C[1]
Scutellaria parvula.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

Images, wsp
var. missouriensis

Leonard's skullcap Native, C:10,
No recent reports
Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis (26069984332).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

Images, wsp
 Biehler
var. incana

Hoary skullcap,
Downy skullcap
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[2]
Scutellaria incana 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0

Images, wsp
 L.

Helmet flower,
Hyssop skullcap
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
Scutellaria integrifolia NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0

Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Spreng.
var. elliptica

    Scutellaria ovalifolia Pers.
    Scutellaria pilosa Michx.
Hairy skullcap Native, C:10,
Likely extirpated
Scutellaria elliptica, Rosaryville (14222531929).jpg
Scutellaria elliptica var elliptica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0

Images, wsp
 Pursh

Veined skullcap Native, C:10,
Likely extirpated
Scutellaria nervosa.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

Images, wsp

Showy skullcap Native, C:10,
No recent reports
Scutellaria serrata kz1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z

Images, wsp
 Fernald

Scutellaria galericulata ×
Scutellaria lateriflora

Skullcap Native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN

Images, wsp

Subfamily Lamioideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Marrubieae[edit | edit source]

Ballota[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Ballota
Ballota Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. foetida (Koch) Hayek

1929. Ballota nigra ssp. foetida
    Ballota nigra var. alba
    Ballota nigra var. foetida
    Ballota borealis Schweigg.
Black horehound,
Fetid horehound
Ballote vulgaire,
Ballote noire,
Marrube noire
Introduced from
 Europe,
 northern Africa
Ballota nigra fresnes-au-mont 55 03062007 2.jpg
Ballota nigra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
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Marrubium[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Marrubium
Marrubium Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 L.

Horehound Introduced Marrubium vulgare 002.JPG
Marrubium vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
Moluccella[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Moluccella
Moluccella Moluccella N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Shellflower Introduced,
Impersistent
Moluccella cf laevis 2.JPG
Moluccella laevis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

Images, wsp

Tribe Lamieae[edit | edit source]

Lamium[edit | edit source]
Lamium species are commonly known as dead-nettles and are native to Eurasia and northern Africa. About six of these species have naturalized in New York.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Lamieae — Lamium
Lamium Deadnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Crantz

1753. Galeopsis galeobdolon L.
1769. Lamium galeobdolon Crantz
1778. Galeobdolon luteum Huds.
1966. Lamiastrum galeobdolon Ehren. &al.
Yellow archangel,
Yellow henbit,
Aluminum plant,
Artillery plant
Lamier jaune,
Ortie jaune,
Lamier doré
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
Weed[1]
20150421Lamiastrum galeobdolon.jpg
Lamiastrum galeobdolon NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
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 (L.) L.

1753. Lamium album var. maculatum L.
1763. Lamium maculatum L.
Spotted deadnettle,
Spotted henbit,
Variegated deadnettle
Lamier maculé,
Lamier tacheté
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[2],
IPA
Lamium maculatum 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Lamium purpureum L.
1852. Lamiopsis purpurea (L.) Opiz
Purple deadnettle,
Red hanbit,
Red deadnettle
Introduced,
Widespread weed
Lamium purpureum2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 L.
var. incisum

    Lamium dissectum With.
 auct. Lamium hybridumnon Vill.
    Lamium purpureum var. incisum
Hybrid deadnettle,
Purple deadnettle,
Red deadnettle,
Red hanbit
Introduced Lamium purpureum var incisum2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 L.

1753. Lamium amplexicaule L.
1960. Lamium amplexicaule var. album
Pickens & M.C.W.Pickens
Henbit deadnettle,
Common dead-nettle,
Common henbit,
Clasping henbit
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa
20150424Lamium amplexicaule.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.
ssp. album

1753. Lamium album L.
White deadnettle,
White-nettle,
White henbit,
Snowflake
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Deadnettle 800.jpg
Lamium album NY-dist-map.png
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  1. Lamiastrum galeobdolon is declared as a noxious weed in Oregon and Washington state
  2. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Leonureae[edit | edit source]

Leonurus[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Leonureae — Leonurus
Leonurus Motherwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Leonurus cardiaca L.
1830. Leonurus glaucescens Bunge
1849. Leonurus cardiaca var. villosus
1874. Lamium cardiaca (L.) Baill.
1945. Leonurus cardiaca ssp. villosus
Common mother-wort,
Motherwort
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[1]
20140928Leonurus cardiaca4.jpg
Leonurus cardiaca NY-dist-map.png
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 Houtt.

1753. Leonurus sibiricus L. misapplied
    Leonurus japonicus Houtt.
Honeyweed,
Siberian motherwort
Introduced Leonurus japonicus - Guangfeng, Jiangxi, China 2014.05.24 15-59-28.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

Images, wsp
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Chaiturus[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Leonureae — Chaiturus
Chaiturus Lion's tail N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Spenn.

1753. Leonurus marrubiastrum L
    Chaiturus marrubiastrum (L.) Spenn.
Lion's tail Introduced Leonurus marrubiastrum sl2.jpg
Leonurus marrubiastrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

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Tribe Phlomideae[edit | edit source]

Phlomis[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Phlomideae — Phlomis
Phlomis Jerusalem-sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 L.

1753. Phlomis tuberosa L.
1794. Phlomoides tuberosa (L.) Moench
1824. Leonotis tuberosa (L.) Hoffmanns.
1829. Phlomidopsis tuberosa (L.) Link
1837. Trambis tuberosa (L.) Raf.
1843. Phlomitis tuberosa (L.) Rchb.
ex T.Nees
Tuberous Jerusalem sage,
Jerusalem sage
Sauge de Jérusalem
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Unk. naturalization
Phlomis tuberosa habitus 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
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Tribe Synandreae[edit | edit source]

Physostegia[edit | edit source]

The only native or naturalized member of Physostegia found in New York is P. virginiana, the commonly-cultivated northern obedient-plant. Although it is considered native to New York, most populations are probably the result of naturalized escapes.[1]

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Synandreae — Physostegia
Physostegia Lionsheart N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (L.) Benth.
ssp. virginiana

1753. Dracocephalum virginianum L.
1789. Dracocephalum denticulatum Aiton
1830. Physostegia speciosa Sweet
1834. Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.
1908. Physostegia formosior Lunell
1931. Dracocephalum formosius Rydb.
1982. P. virginiana ssp. virginiana autonym
Obedient plant,
False dragon-head,
Obedient false dragon-head,
Virginia false dragon-head
Physostégie de Virginie
Native,
Secure
Physostegia virginiana 9620.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Tribe Stachydeae[edit | edit source]

Stachys[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Stachydeae — Stachys
Stachys Hedgenettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Pursh

1800. Stachys tenuifolia Willd. (misappl.)
1814. Stachys hispida Pursh
1836. Stachys glabra Riddell
1920. S. palustris var. macrocalyx Jenn.
1943. S. tenuifolia var. platyphylla Fernald
1943. S. tenuifolia var. perlonga Fernald
1943. S. tenuifolia var. hispida Fernald
1972. S. palustris var. hispida B.Boivin
Hispid hedgenettle,
Smooth hedge-nettle,
Slender betony
Native,
Likely secure
Stachys hispida.jpg
Stachys tenuifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
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 Michx.
var. hyssopifolia

    Stachys hyssopifolia Michx.
    Stachys atlantica Britton
    Stachys lythroides Small
Hyssopleaf hedgenettle,
Hyssop-leaved
    hedge-nettle
Native,
Threatened
Stachys hyssopifolia BB-1913.png
Stachys hyssopifolia nymap.svg
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Nutt.

1834. Stachys pilosa Nutt.
1934. Stachys palustris ssp. pilosa
1943. Stachys palustris var. pilosa
Hairy hedgenettle
Hairy hedge nettle
hairy hedge-nettle

Native, C:3,
Unranked
Nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Stachys palustris L.
1849. S. palustris var. elliptica Clos
1879. S. palustris var. petiolata T.Durand
1881. S. palustris var. segetum Nyman
1908. S. palustris var. homotricha Fernald
Marsh hedge-nettle,
Marsh woundwort,
Marsh betony
Épaire des marais,
Crapaudine
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Stachys palustris20110630 03.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 K.Koch

Woolly hedgenettle,
Lamb's ears,
Epiaire laineuse
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Stachys byzantina Yvoire-2 4x3.jpg
Stachys byzantina nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Stachys sylvatica L.
Whitespot,
Woodland hedge-nettle,
Hedge woundwort
Épaire des bois,
Épaire des forêts
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Hedge Woundwort (Stachys sylvatica).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
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 (L.) L.

1753. Betonica annua L.
1763. Stachys annua (L.) L.
Annual hedgenettle
Épiaire annuelle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
Stachys annua 4x3.jpg
Stachys annua nymap.svg
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 Bunge

1833. Stachys affinis Bunge
1865. Stachys sieboldii Miq.
[1]
1887. Stachys tuberifera Naudin
Artichoke betony,
Chinese artichoke,
Crosne du Japon
Introduced from
 China,
Impersistent
Stachys sieboldii0.jpg
Stachys sieboldii1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
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Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Glechoma arvensis L.
1763. Stachys arvensis (L.) L.
1778. Cardiaca arvensis (L.) Lam.
Field hedgenettle,
Staggerweed,
Field woundwort
Épiaire des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N. Africa,
Impersistent
Stachys arvensis 01.jpg
Nymap.svg
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USDA-XX
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 (K. Koch) Stearn

1800. Betonica grandiflora Stephan
ex Willd.
1834. S. grandiflora (Willd.) Benth. hom.
1849. Betonica macrantha K.Koch
1951. Stachys macrantha (K.Koch) Stearn
Big-sage Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Impersistent,
No specimens
Stachys macrantha0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp
 (L.) Trevis.

1753. Betonica officinalis L.
1834. Stachys betonica Benth.
Common hedgenettle Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N.Africa,
Impersistent
Betonica Officinalis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
 Riddell

1848. Stachys nuttallii Shuttlw. ex Benth.
1903. Stachys salvioides Small
1920. Stachys riddellii House
1927. Stachys subcordata Rydb.
1936. Stachys cordata Riddell
Heartleaf hedgenettle,
Heart-leaved
  hedge-nettle
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Stachys cordata BB-1913-2.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0
ITIS
BONAP

Images, wsp

Tribe (uncertain)[edit | edit source]

Galeopsis[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — uncertain — Galeopsis
Galeopsis Hempnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Boenn.

1824. Galeopsis bifida Boenn.
1831. G. tetrahit var. bifida
1848. G. tetrahit var. parviflora
1881. G. tetrahit ssp. bifida
1921. G. bifida var. emarginata
1929. G. tetrahit var. bifida
Notched hemp-nettle,
Bifid-lip hempnettle,
Splitlip hempnettle,
Common hempnettle
Galéopside bifide,
Galéopsis bifide
Introduced,
Naturalized,
Widespread
Galeopsis bifida 230711.JPG
Galeopsis bifida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
Tropicos
IPN

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Galeopsis tetrahit L.
1763. Lamium tetrahit (L.) Crantz
1771. G. tetrahit var. tetrahit
1794. Tetrahit nodosum (L.) Moench
1821. G. nodosum (Moench) Gray (i)
1862. G. tetrahit ssp. tetrahit
1891. Ladanum tetrahit (L.) Kuntze
Common hempnettle,
Common hemp-nettle,
Brittle-stemmed hemp-nettle,
Brittlestem hempnettle,
Dog nettle,
Ironwort
Galéopside à tige carrée,
Galéopside tétrahit,
Ortie royale
Introduced from
 Europe,
Naturalized
20140630Stachys palustris4.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Galeopsis ladanum L.
    
    
Broad-leaved hemp-nettle,
Broadleaf hempnettle,
Hemp nettle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized
Galeopsis angustifolia.jpg
Galeopsis ladanum var latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
Ehrh. ex Hoffm.

    G. angustifolia Ehrh. ex Hoffm.
    G. ladanum var. angustifolia
    
Narrow-leaved hemp-nettle,
Narrowleaf hempnettle
Introduced,
Not naturalized
Galeopsis angustifolia ENBLA01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

Images, wsp

Subfamily Nepetoideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Elsholtzieae[edit | edit source]

Collinsonia[edit | edit source]
Collinsonia canadensis
stoneroot, horsebalm, richweed

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Collinsonia
Collinsonia Horsebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Collinsonia canadensis L.
Stoneroot,
Horsebalm,
Canada horse-balm,
Northern horsebalm,
Richweed,
Citronella,
Citronella horse balm
Native, C:7,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Collinsonia canadensis 003.JPG
Collinsonia canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
BONAP
LBJ

Images, wsp
Elsholtzia[edit | edit source]
Elsholtzia ciliata
crested late-summer mint
Elsholtzia ciliata (crested late-summer mint) is listed as invasive in Connecticut.[1]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Elsholtzia
Elsholtzia Elsholtzia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Thunb.) Hyl.

Elsholtzia cristata
Crested elsholtzia,
Crested latesummer mint,
Crested late-summer mint,
Vietnamese balm
Introduced from
 Asia,
Potentially invasive
Elsholtzia ciliata 2010.jpg
Elsholtzia ciliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
BONAP

Images, wsp
Perilla[edit | edit source]
Perilla frutescens
beefsteak plant

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Perilla
Perilla Perilla-mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Britton
var. frutescens

1753. Ocimum frutescens L.
1764. Perilla ocymoides L. superfl.
1856. Perilla ocymoides var. japonica
1939. Salvia infuscata Epling
1948. Perilla frutescens var. japonica
Beefsteak plant
Beefsteakplant
Perilla-mint
Wild sesame
Introduced,
Naturalized

FAC

Annual,
Herb-forb
Perilla frutescens 36.jpg
Perilla frutescens var frutescens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 (L.) Britton
var. crispa (Benth.) W. Deane

1784. Ocimum crispum Thunb.
1848. Perilla ocymoides var. crispa
1848. Perilla arguta Benth.
1923. Perilla frutescens var. crispa
Crisped beefsteak plant
Shiso
Beefsteakplant
Introduced,
Unk. naturalization

FAC

Annual,
Herb-forb
Perilla frutescens crispa purpurea.fleurs et graines.jpg
Perilla frutescens var crispa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images, wsp

Tribe Mentheae[edit | edit source]

Mentheae is the largest Lamiaceae tribe and contains the herbs sage, thyme, and of course mint. The subtribes used here are from Drew & Sytsma (2012).[F 1]


Subtribe Salviinae[edit | edit source]
Salvia[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Salviinae — Salvia
Salvia Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Salvia lyrata L.
1768. Horminum lyratum (L.) Mill.
1837. Larnastyra lyrata (L.) Raf.
1828. Cunila lyrata (L.) Schrank
Lyre-leaved sage,
Lyreleaf sage,
Cancerweed
Native, C:10,
Endangered

FACW-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
Salvia lyrata Kaldari.jpg
Salvia lyrata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
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ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp
 Michx. ex Lam.
var. grandiflora Benth.

1833. Salvia pitcheri Torr. ex Benth.
1848. Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
1894. Salvia azurea var. pitcheri
1939. Salvia azurea ssp. pitcheri
1939. Salvia azurea ssp. intermedia
Blue sage,
Pitcher sage,
Pitcher's sage
Introduced from
 southern U.S.,
N. America native
Salvia azurea (15355500781).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos
BONAP
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Hornem.

    Salvia lancifolia Poir.
    
    
Lance-leaved sage,
Rocky Mountain sage,
Blue sage,
Lambsleaf sage,
Sage mint
Introduced,
N. America native
Salvia reflexa drawing 1.png
Salvia reflexa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NW

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Salvia glutinosa L.
    
    
Sticky sage,
Jupiter's sage,
Jupiter's distaff
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
Naturalized[1]
Salvia-glutinosa1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
BONAP

Images, wsp
 Benth.

    
    
    
Wood sage Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
Salvia nemorosa ostfriesland 0.12 R.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X

Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Kitchen sage Introduced Salvia officinalis 001.JPG
Salvia officinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Meadow sage
Meadow clary
Introduced sage

Sauge des près
Introduced,
Naturalized
Wiesensalbei 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Lilac sage Introduced Salvia verticillata P14.jpg
Salvia verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
Salvia(excluded species) Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

    
    
    
Clary
Clary sage
Europe sage

Sauge sclarée
Sclarée
Toute-bonne
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
N.Y. excluded
Lamiaceae - Salvia sclarea. Agata Fossili127.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XW

Images, wsp

    
    
    
Silver sage Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Salvia argentea 14May2009 plant CampoCalatrava.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0

Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Nodding sage Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Salvia nutans2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0

Images, wsp
L. (pro. sp)

Salvia nemorosa ×
Salvia pratensis

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 wood sage &
 meadow sage
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD

Images, wsp
  1. Nava M. Tabak (2011). Salvia glutinosa (Lamiaceae) naturalized in southeastern New York. Rhodora 113: 220-224.
Melissa[edit | edit source]
Melissa officinalis

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Salviinae — Melissa
Melissa Balm N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

    Melissa officinalis L.
Lemonbalm
Lemon balm
Common balm
Garden balm
Introduced

UPL

Perennial,
Heerb-forb
Melissa officinalis, 2020-07-11, Beechview, 03.jpg
Melissa officinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
Subtribe Prunellinae[edit | edit source]
Prunella[edit | edit source]
Prunella vulgaris
In New York, Prunella (self-heal or heal-all) consists primarily of the single species Prunella vulgaris, which (depending on the source) has two subspecies present: the Eurasian P. vulgaris ssp. vulgaris and the North American P. vulgaris ssp. lanceolata.
Prunella vulgaris self-heal middle cauline (mid-stem) leaves growth form
base shape leaf shape length/width ratio
 ssp. lanceolata American cuniate (wedge-shape) lanceolate to oblong 2.0 - 5.0 (avg. 3.0) upright or reclining, tips ascending
 ssp. vulgaris Eurasian rounded ovate to ovate-oblong 1.5 - 2.5 (avg. 2.0) flat on ground
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Prunellinae — Prunella
Prunella Selfheal N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. lanceolata
(W.P.C.Barton) Piper & Beattie

1818. P. pennsylvanica var. lanceolata
1834. P. vulgaris var. elongata
1913. P. vulgaris var. lanceolata
1915. P. vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
American self-heal,
American heal-all,
Lance selfheal,
Mountain selfheal,
Narrowleaf selfheal
Native,
Likely secure,
Fact sheet[1]
Prunella vulgaris - Selfheal.jpg
Prunella vulgaris var vulgaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-N
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
BONAP

Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. vulgaris

1753. Prunella vulgaris L.
Eurasian self-heal,
Common self-heal
Introduced,
Widespread weed
Atlas roslin pl Głowienka pospolita 8345 7678.jpg
Prunella vulgaris var vulgaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
(L.) L.

    Prunella laciniata (L.) L.
    
    
Cutleaf selfheal,
Cut-leaved selfheal,
Cut-leaved heal-all
Introduced Prunella laciniata sl16.jpg
Prunella laciniata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
ITIS

Images, wsp
Subtribe Lycopinae[edit | edit source]
Lycopus[edit | edit source]
Lycopus americanus
Bugleweed, waterhorehound, or gypsywort (genus Lycopus)
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Lycopinae — Lycopus
Lycopus Bugleweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton

1813. Lycopus americanus Muhl. (i)
1815. Lycopus americanus
Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton
1917. Phytosalpinx americana
(Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton) Lunell
    
American bugleweed
American water horehound
Common water horehound[1]
Native, C:4,
Secure,
S5, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lycopus americanus NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 Michx.

1803. Lycopus uniflorus Michx.
    Lycopus membranaceus E.P. Bicknell
Northern bugleweed
Northern water horehound
Northern water-horehound
Tuberous water-horehound
Slender bugleweed
One-flowered horehound

Lycope à une fleur
Native, C:4,
Secure,
S5, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lycopus uniflorus 5499186.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Virginia bugleweed,
Virginia water horehound
Native, C:4,
Likely secure,
S4, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lycopus virginicus 002.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp
E.S. Steele

Lycopus uniflorus ×
Lycopus virginicus

    Lycopus × sherardii E.S. Steele
Sherard’s bugleweed
Sherard’s water horehound
Native,
Unraked,
SNA

OBL
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
Suffolk (1926)
NYFA-U

Images, wsp
 Raf.

    Lycopus amplectens Raf.
    Lycopus sessilifolius A. Gray
    Lycopus amplectens var. pubens
Clasping bugleweed
Clasping water horehound
Clasping water-horehound
Sessile-leaved bugleweed
Native, C:10,
Threatened,
S2, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lycopus amplectens (cropped).JPG
Nymap.svg
Nassau,
Suffolk (1914-85)
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 Moench

    Lycopus rubellus Moench
Stalked bugleweed
Stalked water horehound
Taperleaf water horehound
Native, C:3,
Endangered,
S1, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Ferb-forb
Lycopus rubellus NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lycopus europaeus L.
1891. Lycopus europaeus var. mollis
European bugleweed
European water horehound
Gypsywort
Introduced,
Naturalized,
SNA, GNR

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Gipsywort^ Lycopus europaeus - Flickr - gailhampshire.jpg
Nymap.svg
Albany, Broome, Cayuga, Chautauqua, Erie, Kings, Livingston, Monroe, Nassau, Niagara, Oswego, St.Lawrence, Suffolk
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
 Greene

    Lycopus asper Greene
    
    
Rough bugleweed,
Rough water horehound[2]
Introduced,
Unknown naturalization,
SNA, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lycopus asper NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
Erie (1981),
Genesee,
Onondaga (1949)
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Subtribe Nepetineae[edit | edit source]
Agastache[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Agastache
AgastacheJ.Clayton ex Gronov. Giant-hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Willd.) Kuntze

1800. Hyssopus scrophulariaefolia
Willd.
1891. Agastache scrophulariifolia
(Willd.) Kuntze
Purple giant-hyssop,
Figwort giant-hyssop,
Purple giant hyssop,
Figwort giant hyssop
Agastache à feuilles
  de scrofulaire
Native, C:2,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Agastache scrophulariifolia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
BONAP
LBJ

Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Hyssopus nepetoides L.
1808. Vleckia nepetoides (L.) Raf.
1891. A. nepetoides (L.) Kuntze
1829. Lophanthus nepetoides
(L.) Benth.
Yellow giant hyssop,
Catnip giant-hyssop
Agastache faux-népéta,
Agastache faux-népète
Native, C:6,
Threatened

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Agastache nepetoides - Catnip giant hyssop.jpg
Agastache nepetoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp
(Pursh) Kuntze

1813. Hyssopus anethiodorus Nutt.
1814. Stachys foeniculum Pursh
1818. H. foeniculum (Pursh) Spreng.
1829. Lophanthus anisatus Benth.
1891. A. foeniculum (Pursh) Kuntze
1892. Vleckia foeniculum
(Pursh) MacMill.
1894. V. anethiodora (Nutt.) Greene
1898. A. anethiodora (Nutt.) Britton
Anise-hyssop,
Fragrant giant-hyssop,
Lavender giant-hyssop,
Anise mint,
Blue giant hyssop,
Fennel giant hyssop,
Licorice mint
Agastache fenouil
Introduced from
 S-central Canada,
 N-central US,
N. America native,
Cultivated,
Naturalized: ?

Perennial,
Forb-herb,
Sun-shade
Agastache foeniculum 'Anise Hyssop' (Labatae) plant.JPG
Agastache foeniculum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
NatureServe
BONAP
LBJ

Images, wsp
Dracocephalum[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Dracocephalum
Dracocephalum Dragonhead N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
Nutt.

1818. Dracocephalum parviflora Nutt.
1913. Moldavica parviflora Britton
American dragonhead,
Dragonhead mint
Native,
Endangered
Dracocephalum parviflorum drawing 1.png
Dracocephalum parviflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
L.

    Moldavica thymiflora (L.) Rydb.
Thymeleaf dragonhead,
Thyme-leaved dragon-head
Introduced,
Impersistent
Dracocephalum thymiflorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
Glechoma[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Glechoma
Glechoma Glechoma N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Nepeta hederacea
Ground ivy,
Gill-over-the-ground,
Creeping Charlie
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO

FACU
Glechoma hederacea 02.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Hyssopus[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Hyssopus
Hyssopus Hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT

Hyssop Introduced Hyssopus officinalis 004.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Nepeta[edit | edit source]
Nepeta cataria L. catnip

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Nepeta
Nepeta Catnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Catnip Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
Nepeta cataria 1.jpg
Nepeta cataria NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 M.Bieb.

Caucasus catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
Nepeta grandiflora blatt.jpeg
Nepeta grandiflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
Spreng. ex Henckel

Persian catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
Nepeta mussinii blatt.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

Images, wsp
Meehania[edit | edit source]
Meehania cordata
Meehan's mint
Meehan's mint is native to the Appalachians from North Carolina to Pennsylvania. It doesn't appear to have naturalized in New York, though it is planted as a "native" groundcover.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Nepetineae — Meehania
Meehania Meehan's mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Nutt.) Britton

1818. Dracocephalum cordatum Nutt.
1834. Cedronella cordata Benth.
1894. Meehania cordata (Nutt.) Britton
Meehan's mint,
Creeping mint,
Trailing mint
Introduced from
 Appalachians,
US South native,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Meehania cordata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
ITIS
Tropicos
NatureServe
BONAP
IPN

Images, wsp
Subtribe Menthinae[edit | edit source]
The large Menthinae subtribe can ce separated into Old-World and New-World clades along the lines presented in Drew and Sytsma (2012).[F 1] However, many of the genera have been found to be polyphyletic, including Mentha and Clinopodium, which have New York species in both clades.
Hedeoma[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Hedeoma
Hedeoma False-pennyroyal N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Pers. (1806)

    Cunila pulegioides
    Melissa pulegioides
    Ziziphora pulegioides
American false pennyroyal,
American pennyroyal
Native,
Secure
Hedeoma pulegioides 2017-09-26 4959.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp
 Pursh

Rough false pennyroyal Native,
Threatened
Hedeoma hispida (7495953168) (cropped).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Blephilia[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Blephilia
Blephilia Pagoda-plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Pursh) Benth.

Hairy pagoda plant,
Hairy woodmint
Native,
Likely secure
Blephilia hirsuta (14524273888).jpg
Blephilia hirsuta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 (L.) Raf.

Downy pagoda plant,
Downy woodmint,
Ohio horsemint,
Sunny woodmint
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1]
Blephilia ciliata.jpg
Blephilia ciliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Monarda[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Monarda
Monarda Beebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Oswego tea,
Scarlet beebalm,
Bee-balm,
Red bergamot,
Bergamot,
Mountain-mint
Monarde écarlate,
Monarde pourpre
Native, C:7,
Secure,
DEC-D[1]

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
Monarda July 2013-1.jpg
Monarda didyma NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
BONAP
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. fistulosa

Common wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot bee-balm
Native, C:2,
Secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
Monarda fistulosa - Flickr - gailhampshire.jpg
Monarda fistulosa var fistulosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
Go Botany
VASCAN
BONAP
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. mollis

    Monarda mollis L.
    Monarda fistulosa var. mollis
    Monarda scabra Beck
Pale wild bergamot Native, C:2,
Likely secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Monarda fistulosa - Wild Bergamot.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
BONAP
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Willd.

Monarda didyma ×
Monarda fistulosa var. fistulosa.

    Monarda media Willd.
    Mondarda fistulosa var. media
Purple bergamot,
Purple horsemint
Monarde moyenne,
Monarde pourpre
N. America native,
NY nativity unk.



Perennial,
Herb-forb
Monarda media BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-?
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
BONAP

Images, wsp
 L.
var. villicaulis

Horsemint Native,
Likely secure
Monarda punctata BB-1913.png
Monarda punctata var villicaulis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Go Botany
BONAP

Images, wsp
 L.
var. punctata

Spotted beebalm,
Dotted horse mint
Native,
Endangered
Monarda punctataUGA1120190.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
Go Botany
BONAP

Images, wsp
 L.

    Monarda clinopodia L.
    M. allophylla Michx.
    M. fistulosa var. clinopodia
Basil balm,
Basilbalm,
Basil bee-balm
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
Monarda clinopodia drawing 1.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-N0
BONAP

Images, wsp
Pycnanthemum[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Pycnanthemum
Pycnanthemumsect. Capitellatae Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

1809. P. tenuifolium Schrad.
 auct. P. flexuosum
non (Walter) Britton et al.
Narrowleaf mountainmint,
Slender mountain-mint
Native,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium - Narrow Leaved Mountain Mint 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
LBJ

Images, wsp
(L.) T.Durand & B.D.Jacks.
ex B.L.Rob. & Fernald

1753. Satureja virginiana L.
1908. P. virginianum (L.) T.Durand &
B.D.Jacks. ex B.L.Rob. & Fernald
Virginia mountain-mint Native,
Likely secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Part shade
Pycnanthemum virginianum 2016-07-19 2831b.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Go Botany
LBJ

Images, wsp
(Michx.) Pers.
var. verticillatum

Whorled mountain-mint Native,
Endangered
Pycnanthemum verticillatum var. verticillatum001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp
var. pilosum

yyyy. Koellia pilosa (Nutt.) Baill.
yyyy. Pycnanthemum pilosum Nutt.
Whorled mountain-mint Introduced,
N. America native
Pycnanthemum verticillatum var pilosum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Go Botany

Images, wsp

Torrey's mountain mint Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Pycnanthemumsect. Pycnanthemum Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Michx.

1753. Clinopodium incanum L.
1803. P. incanum (L.) Michx.
Hoary mountain-mint Native,
Secure
Pycnanthemum incanum UGA1120218.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
Torr. & A. Gray

Koellia clinopodioides
Basil mountain-mint Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1]
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides drawing 1.png
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Pycnanthemumsect. Brachystemum Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Blunt mountain-mint Native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[2],
NYNHP: 2[3]
Pycnanthemum muticum (14698450077).jpg
Pycnanthemum muticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-N0
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Cunila[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Cunila
Cunila Cunila N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (L.) Britt.

Cunila mariana L.Mappia origanoides (L.) House
Common dittany Native,
Likely secure
Cunila origanoides drawing 1.png
Cunila origanoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-

Images, wsp
Mentha[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Mentha
Mentha Mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Mentha arvensis ×
Mentha longifolia

1753. Mentha canadensis L.
1833. M. canadensis var. glabrata
1882. M. arvensis ssp. piperascens
1908. M. arvensis var. glabrata
 auct. M. arvensisnon L.
American wild mint,
American corn mint,
Canadian mint,
Corn mint,
Chinese mint,
Japanese mint
Native, C:4,
Secure,
N. America native,
Asia native
Mentha canadensis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
Note: [1]
 L. (1753)

Corn mint,
Field mint,
Wild mint,
Menthe des champs
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Mentha arvensis NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
 L.

    Mentha citrata Ehrh.
    Mentha × piperi var. citrata
    Mentha piperita ssp. citrata
Water mint Introduced 20170806Mentha aquatica1.jpg
Mentha aquatica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
 L.

    M. sylvestris L.
    M. viridis L.
 auct. M. cordifolianon Opiz ex Fresen.
 auct. M. longifolianon (L.) Huds.
Spearmint Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
20160813Mentha spicata5.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
 Sole (pro sp.)

Mentha arvensis ×
Mentha spicata

    M. cardiaca J.Gerard ex Baker
 auct. M. gentilisnon L.
    M. × gentilis var. cardiaca
 auct. M. × muelleriananon F.W.Schultz
Scotch spearmint,
Gingermint,
Creeping whorled mint
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
IMG 9825-Mentha × gracilis 'Subspicata', Aglais urticae.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
 L. (pro sp.)

Mentha aquatica ×
Mentha spicata

    M. aquatica var. crispa
    M. Mentha crispa L.
    M. dumetorum Schultes
Peppermint Introduced 胡椒薄荷 Mentha x piperita -香港嘉道理農場 Kadoorie Farm, Hong Kong- (9200946142).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

Images, wsp
(L.) Huds. (pro sp.)

Mentha longifolia ×
Mentha suaveolens

Peppermint Introduced Mentha rotundifolia — Flora Batava — Volume v15.jpg
Mentha × rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

Images, wsp
 Huds. (pro sp.)

Mentha spicata ×
Mentha suaveolens

    M. alopecuroides Hull
    M. nemorosa Willd.
Foxtail mint Introduced Mentha × villosa drawing 1.png
Mentha × villosa NY-dist-map.png

USDA-XX

Images, wsp
  1. The USDA-NRCS PLANTS database and ITIS treat Mentha canadensis as a synonym of Mentha arvensis, while the New York Flora Atlas and ARS-GRIN treat them as separate species.
Clinopodium[edit | edit source]
Clinopodium vulgare
wild basil

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Clinopodium
Clinopodium Clinopodium N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Clinopodium vulgare L.
1835. Calamintha clinopodium Spenn.
1882. Calamintha vulgaris (L.) H. Karst.
1897. Satureja vulgaris
Wild basil,
Field basil
Native, C:0,
Secure,
Questionable[1]

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Clinopodium vulgare (8402662385).jpg
Clinopodium vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp
(Nutt.) House

1836. Hedeoma arkansana Nutt.
1891. Clinopodium glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze
1896. Satureja arkansana (Nutt.) Briq.
1921. Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House
1940. Satureja glabella var. angustifolia
1955. Calamintha glabella var. angustifolia
1962. Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners
Limestone calamint,
Low calamint
Native,
Likely extirpated,
N. America native
Clinopodium arkansanum kz1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
Note: [2]
 (L.) House

1753. Thymus acinos L.
1794. Acinos thymoides Moench
1811. Calamintha acinos (L.) Clairv.
1843. Satureja acinos (L.) Scheele
1891. Clinopodium acinos (L.) Kuntze
1946. Acinos arvensis (Lam.) Dandy
Basil thyme,
Mother of thyme
Introduced Steentijm closeup.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Melissa nepeta L.
1798. Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi
1843. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele
1891. Clinopodium nepeta (L.) Kuntze
1896. Satureja calamintha var. nepeta
Field balm,
Lesser calamint
Introduced,
Impersistent
Calamintha nepeta2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp
  1. NYFA lists Clinopodium vulgare with an "Unknown Native Status." Other sources list it as circumboreal, native as far south as North Carolina.
  2. NYFA lists Clinopodium glabrum as Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners. USDA-NRCS PLANTS uses Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both use Clinopodium glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze.
Satureja[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Satureja
Satureja Savory N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)

Summer savory,
Savourée,
Sarriette des jardins
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized
Satureja hortensis Prague 2011 3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp
 L.

Winter savory Introduced from
 Mediterranean,
N.Y. excluded
Cząber górski Satureja montana flower.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD

Images, wsp
Origanum[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Origanum
Origanum Origanum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Origanum vulgare L.
1867. Thymus origanum (L.) Kuntze
1934. Micromeria formosana C.Marquand
Wild marjoram,
Marjoram,
Oregano,
Organy
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized
Origanum vulgare 002.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
Thymus[edit | edit source]
Thymus pulegioides
Large thyme (Thymus pulegioides) is a common garden escapee in the northeast, while garden thyme (Thymus vulgaris), though often cultivated, rarely escapes and has not been found to naturalize.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Thymus
Thymus Thyme N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Thymus pulegioides L.
 auct. Thymus serpyllum L. misapplied
Large thyme
Lemon thyme
Wild thyme
Broad-leaved thyme
Introduced from
 Europe,
Naturalized,
SNA, GNR

Perennial,
Shrub-subshrub
20160717Thymus pulegioides2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
BONAP

Images, wsp
Thymus (excluded taxa) Thyme N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Garden thyme Introduced,
Exclueded
Thymus vulgaris 002.JPG
Excluded nymap.svg
excluded
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0

Images, wsp
 L.

Breckland thyme Introduced,
Exclueded
Thymus serpyllum 002.JPG
Excluded nymap.svg
excluded
NYFA-XCLD
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp

Tribe Ocimeae[edit | edit source]

Lavandula[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Ocimeae — Lavandula
Lavandula Lavender N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

English lavender Introduced True Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) (9734892947).jpg
Lavandula angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

Images, wsp
Ocimum[edit | edit source]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Ocimeae — Ocimum
Ocimum Basil N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Sweet basil Introduced,
Impersistent
2008 03 15 - Ocimum basilicum 7.JPG
Ocimum basilicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp

References[edit | edit source]