Flora of New York/Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae

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Lamiales 3
Flora of New York — Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae
Carduoideae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Aquifoliales[edit]

The order Aquifoliales ...

Family Aquifoliaceae[edit]

The Aquifoliaceae (holly family) ...

Genus Ilex[edit]
Aquifoliales – fam. Aquifoliaceae – genus Ilex
Ilex Holly N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 (L.) A.Gray

1753. Prinos verticillatus L.
1856. Ilex verticillata A.Gray
1912. Ilex fastigiata E.P.Bicknell
1921. Ilex verticillata var. fastigiata
Fernald
Common winterberry,
Virginia winterberry,
Black holly,
Black alder

Houx verticillé
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun - shade
Ilex verticillata fruits and foliage 1.JPG
Ilex verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 


LBJ

Images, wsp
(L.) M.Powell, Savol. & S.Andrews

1753. Vaccinium mucronatum L.
1901. Nemopanthus mucronatus Loes.
2000. Ilex mucronata M.Powell et al.
Mountain holly,
Catberry

Némopanthe mucroné,
Faux houx
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Ilex mucronata flowers NB RT 4x3.jpg
Ilex mucronata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS ITIS


LBJ

Images, wsp
 Torr. & A.Gray 1848

1848. Ilex montana Torr. & A.Gray
1856. Ilex monticola A.Gray
1870. Ilex amelanchier var. monticola
Alph.Wood
1964. Ilex ambigua var. montana
H.E.Ahles
1977. Ilex ambigua var. monticola
Wunderlin & Poppleton
1983. Ilex ambigua ssp. montana
A.E.Murray
Mountain holly,
Mountain winterberry,
Big-leaved holly
Native, CoC: 8,
Likely secure

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Ilex montana.jpg
Ilex montana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS


LBJ

Images, wsp
 (L.) A.Gray 1856

1753. Prinos glaber L.
1856. Ilex glabra A.Gray
Inkberry, ink-berry,
Gallberry,
Winter-berry,
Evergreen winterberry,
Appalachian-tea
Native, CoC: 8,
Likely secure

WL: FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Ilex glabra 002 by Scott Zona.jpg
Ilex glabra NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS


LBJ

Images, wsp
 (Pursh) A.Gray

1813. Prinos laevigatus Pursh
1856. Ilex laevigata (Pursh) A.Gray
Smooth winterberry,
Smooth winterberry holly
Native, CoC: 8,
Vulnerable

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Ilex laevigata 1480225 4x3.jpg
Ilex laevigata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 


LBJ

Images, wsp
 Aiton
var. opaca

1789. Ilex opaca Aiton
    
    
American holly,
White holly,
Christmas holly
Native, CoC: 8,
Vulnerable

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun - shade
Ilex opaca American holly flowers 4x3.jpg
Ilex opaca var opaca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Thunb. 1784

1865. Celastrus adenophyllus Miq.
Japanese holly,
Box-leaf holly

Houx crénelé
Introduced from
 Asia,
Somewhat invasive,
NYIS: 48%[1]

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Ilex crenata.JPG
Ilex crenata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Ilex aquifolium L.
    
    
English holly

Houx commun
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Ilex aquifolium Holly.jpg
Nymap.svg

USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Note: [2]
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentIlex crenata: Low (48).
  2. Although Ilex aquifolium is not listed as naturalized in New York or most of the Northeast, it is listed as present in "forests and borders of swamps in areas of habitation" in the adjacent state of Massachusetts,[1] and it is cultivated in suitable parts of New York as an ornamental tree.

Order Asterales[edit]

Family Campanulaceae[edit]

Subamily Campanuloideae[edit]

Genus Campanula[edit]
Asterales – fam. Campanulaceae – subfam. Campanuloideae – tribe Campanuleae – genus Campanula[1]
Campanula Bellflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 Pursh

    C. aparinoides var. grandiflora
    C. aparinoides var. uliginosa
    C. uliginosa Rydb.
Marsh bellflower Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Campanula aparinoides.jpg
Campanula aparinoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

    C. alaskana
    C. dubia
    C. gieseckiana
    C. groenlandica
American harebell,
Bluebell bellflower
Native, CoC: 8,
Likely secure
Harebells1.JPG
Campanula rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Campanula americana L.
1796. Campanula asteroides Lam.
1803. Campanula acuminata Michx.
1836. Campanula illinoensis Fresen.
1884. Specularia americana
(L.) Morgan ex J.James
1903. Campanulastrum americanum
(L.) Small
1919. Campanula americana
var. illinoensis
Tall bellflower,
American bellflower

Campanule d'Amérique
Native, CoC: 7,
Endangered

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Tall Bellflower (1010601659).jpg
Campanulastrum americanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW-0Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

    C. rapunculoides var. ucranica
Creeping bellflower,
Rampion bellflower
Introduced
Campanula rapunculoides kurekellukas 02 estonia.JPG
Campanula rapunculoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Bats in the belfry,
Nettle-leaved bellflower
Introduced
Campanula trachelium02.JPG
Campanula trachelium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-






Images, wsp
 L.

    C. persicifolia var. alba
Peachleaf bellflower,
Peach-leaved bellflower
Introduced
Campanula persicifolia J1.JPG
Campanula persicifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Clustered bellflower,
Dane's blood
Introduced
Campanulaceae - Campanula glomerata-1.JPG
Campanula glomerata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Rambling bellflower,
Spreading bellflower
Introduced,
Impersistent
Campanula patula W.jpg
Campanula patula NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
  1. Roquet et. al. 2008: "Natural Delineation, Molecular Phylogeny and Floral Evolution in Campanula." Systematic Botany 33(1): 203-217.
Genus Triodanis[edit]
Asterales – fam. Campanulaceae – subfam. Campanuloideae – tribe Campanuleae – genus Triodanis
Triodanis Venus' looking glass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Nieuwl.
ssp. perfoliata

    Legousia perfoliata
    Specularia perfoliata
Clasping Venus' looking-glass,
Claspingleaf Venus' looking-glass
Native,
Secure
Specularia perfoliata 1.jpg
Triodanis perfoliata ssp perfoliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(L.) Nieuwl.
ssp. biflora

    Specularia biflora
    Triodanis biflora
Small Venus' looking-glass Introduced,
US South native
Triodanis perfoliata biflora BB-1913.png
Triodanis perfoliata ssp biflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N






Images, wsp
Genus Jasione[edit]
Asterales – fam. Campanulaceae – subfam. Campanuloideae – tribe Campanuleae – genus Jasione
Jasione Jasione N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Sheepbit,
Sheep's-bit
Introduced
Jasione montana.jpeg
Jasione montana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Genus Platycodon[edit]
Asterales – fam. Campanulaceae – subfam. Campanuloideae – tribe Campanuleae – genus Platycodon
Platycodon Platycodon N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Jacq.) A.DC.

P. grandiflorum orth. var.
Balloon-flower,
Chinese bellflower
Introduced,
No specimens
Flowers 5231.jpg
Platycodon grandiflorus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X0
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Subamily Lobelioideae[edit]

Genus Lobelia[edit]
Asterales – fam. Campanulaceae – subfam. Lobelioideae – tribe Lobelieae – genus Lobelia
Lobelia Cardinal flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.

1753. Lobelia inflata L.
1768. Rapuntium inflatum (L.) Mill.
1891. Dortmannia inflata (L.) Kuntze
Indian-tobacco,
Puke weed

Lobélie enflée,
Tabac indien
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

WL: FAC-FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
Lobelia inflata - Puke Weed.jpg
Lobelia inflata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 Lam.
var. spicata

1792. Lobelia spicata Lam.
1839. Lobelia leptostachys A.DC.
1891. Dortmannia spicata (Lam.) Kuntze
1903. Lobelia bracteata Small
Palespike lobelia,
Pale-spiked lobelia,
Spiked lobelia,
Balespike lobelia,
Highbelia

Lobélie à épi
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Pale spiked lobelia white flower white thorns lobelia spicata.jpg
Lobelia spicata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 Lam.
var. hirtella A.Gray

1878. Lobelia spicata var. hirtella
1898. L. hirtella (A.Gray) Greene
1913. L. leptostachys var. hirtella
1917. Petromarula hirtella
(A. Gray) Nieuwl. & Lunell
Bristly-spiked lobelia Native, CoC: 1,
Unranked

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lobelia spicata - Palespike Lobelia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-N?
USDA-NN
NEW Can

Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. siphilitica

1753. Lobelia siphilitica L.
1891. Dortmannia siphilitica (L.) Kuntze
Great blue lobelia,
Blue cardinal flower,
Great lobelia

Lobélie bleue
Native, CoC: 5,
Secure

WL: OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lobelia-siphilitica-2014-08-30-Cranberry-03.jpg
Lobelia siphilitica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lobelia kalmii L.
1836. Rapuntium kalmii (L.) C.Presl
1891. Dortmanna kalmii (L.) Kunze
1900. L. kalmii var. strictiflora
1908. L. strictiflora (Rydb.) Lunell
Brook lobelia,
Kalm's lobelia,
Bog lobelia,
Ontario lobelia

Lobélie de Kalm
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lobelia kalmii.jpg
Lobelia kalmii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lobelia cardinalis L.
1792. Lobelia graminea Lam.
1809. Lobelia fulgens Willd.
1809. Lobelia splendens Willd.
1891. Dortmanna cardinalis (L.) Kuntze
1891. Dortmanna fulgens Kuntze
1940. Lobelia cardinalis ssp. graminea
Cardinalflower,
Cardinal flower,
Scarlet lobelia

Lobélie cardinale,
Lobélie du cardinal,
Lobélie écarlate
Native, CoC: 7,
Likely secure

WL: OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lobelia cardinalis 002.JPG
Lobelia cardinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lobelia dortmanna L.
1796. L. lacustris (L.) Salisb. superfl.
1836. Rapuntium dortmanna (L.) C.Presl
Dortmann's cardinalflower,
Water lobelia,
Dortmann's lobelia,
Water gladiole

Lobélie de Dortmann,
Cardinale de Dortmann,
Lobélie aquatique
Native, CoC: 9,
Likely secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
PNBT Lobelia dortmanna kwiat profil 03.07.10 p.jpg
Lobelia dortmanna NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 Schult.

    Lobelia nuttallii Schult.
Nuttall's lobelia Native, CoC: 7,
Vulnerable

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lobelia nuttallii.jpg
Lobelia nuttallii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-N0
NEW-0



LBJ

Images, wsp
 Lour.

1790. Lobelia chinensis Lour.
Chinese lobelia Introduced from
 Asia,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: 37%[1]

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Gardenology.org-IMG 8020 qsbg11mar.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-X0
NEW-0
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLobelia chinensis: Low (37). USDA-NRCS Plants database shows that Lobelia chinensis has naturalized in PA and NJ, but not NY.

Family Menyanthaceae[edit]

The Menyanthaceae is a family of aquatic and wetland plants.

Genus Menyanthes[edit]

Asterales – fam. Menyanthaceae – genus Menyanthes
MenyanthesL. Buckbean N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Menyanthes trifoliata L.
1826. Menyanthes americana Sweet
1830. Menyanthes verna Raf.
1929. Menyanthes trifoliata var. minor
2003. Menyanthes trifoliata ssp. verna
Buckbean,
Buck-bean,
Bog buckbean,
Bogbean

Trèfle d'eau
Native, CoC: 9,
Likely secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
MenyanthesTrifoliata.jpg
Menyanthes trifoliata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Genus Nymphoides[edit]

Asterales – fam. Menyanthaceae – genus Nymphoides
NymphoidesHill Floatingheart N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Elliott) Fernald

1817. Villarsia cordata Elliott
1938. Nymphoides cordatum (Elliott) Fernald
    
Floating-heart,
Little floatingheart,
Eight-angled floatingheart

Faux-nymphéa à
  feuilles cordées,
Nymphoïde cordées
Native, CoC: 9,
Vulnerable

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymphoides cordata 7066.jpg
Nymphoides cordata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
(S.G.Gmel.) Kuntze

    
    
    
Yellow floating-heart,
Yellow floatingheart

Faux-nymphéa pelté,
Faux-nénuphar,
Nymphoïdès pelté,
Petit nénuphar
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 74%[1],
Prohibited[2]

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymphoides peltata1.jpg
Nymphoides peltata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW Can


BNA


Images, wsp