Flora of New York/Ericales

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Cornales
Flora of New York — Ericales
Gentianales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genera Common names #
Ericales Balsaminaceae Impatiens touch-me-not, jewelweed 4
Polemoniaceae Polemonioideae Polemonieae Polemonium Jacob's ladder, charity 2
Phocideae Phlox phlox 6
Gilieae Collomia trumpet 1
Gilia gilia 1
Loeselieae Ipomopsis red standing cypress 1
Ebenaceae Ebenoideae Diospyros persimmon 1
Primulaceae Theophrastoideae Samoleae Samolus water pimpernel, brookweed 1
Primuloideae Primula primrose 5
Dodecatheon shooting star → Primula
Hottonia featherfoil 1
Androsace rock-jasmine, pussytoes 1
Myrsinoideae Anagallis pimpernel 1
Trientalis starflower → Lysimachia
Lysimachia yellow loosestrife 14
Symplocaceae Symplocos sweetleaf 2
Styracaceae Halesia silverbell 2
Styrax snowbell 2
Diapensiaceae Diapensia Lapland diapensia 1
Galax beetleweed 1
Pyxidanthera flowering moss, pyxies 1
Sarraceniaceae Sarracenia pitcherplant, side-saddle plant 1
Actinidiaceae Actinidioideae Actinidia silver vine 1
Clethraceae Clethra sweet pepperbush 1
Ericaceae Monotropoideae Pyroleae Orthilia one-sided wintergreen 1
Pyrola wintergreen 9
Moneses single-delight, wintergreen 1
Chimaphila prince's pine, wintergreen 1
Monotropeae Monotropa Indian pipe, pinesap 2
Pterosporeae Pterospora pine drops, pinedrops 1
Arbutoideae Arctostaphylos bearberry, kinnikinnick 1
Harrimanelloideae Harrimanella moss bell-heather 1
Ericoideae Phyllodoceae Epigaea trailing arbutus, mayflower 1
Kalmia laurel, mountain laurel, sheep laurel 5
Ericeae Calluna heather 1
Rhodoreae Rhododendron azalea, rhododendron, pinxter 8
Empetroideae Empetreae Empetrum crowberry (black, purple, red) 2
Corema broom crowberry, poverty grass 1
Vaccinoideae Oxydendreae Oxydendrum swamp-cranberry, sourwood 1
Lyonieae Lyonia stagger bush, maleberry 2
Andromedeae Andromeda bog rosemary 1
Gaultherieae Chamaedaphne leatherleaf 1
Gaultheria snowberry 1
Eubotrys fetterbush 1
Leucothoe doghobble 2
Vaccinieae Gaylussacia huckleberry 3
Vaccinium blueberry, cranberry, deerberry, bilberry 11

The order Ericales ...

Family Balsaminaceae[edit]

The Balsaminaceae (balsam family) contains the two genera: Impatiens with about 1000 species and Hydrocera with a single species. Of these, four Impatiens species have been reported growing wild in New York.[1][2][3]
  1. Balsaminaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Balsaminaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
  3. P.F. Stevens, P. F. (2001-2015). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, University of Missouri, St Louis, and Missouri Botanical Garden, April 2015.

Genus Impatiens[edit]

Jewelweed with bright white water droplets at the edges of the leaves.

Of the four Impatiens species found outside of cultivation in New York, all are annual herbaceous plants The two native species, spotted jewelweed (Impatiens capensis) and pale jewelweed (Impatiens pallida), are common in wet wooded areas throughout much of the state.

Two non-native may also be found, but are less common. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is considered to be moderately invasive in New York. Garden balsam (Impatiens balsamina has been reported, but whether it has truly naturalized in the state is in question.


Ericales — Balsaminaceae — Impatiens
Impatiens Touch-me-not N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4

1775. Impatiens capensis Meerb.
1788. Impatiens biflora Walter
1818. Impatiens fulva Nutt.
1910. Impatiens nortonii Rydb.
1967. Impatiens noli-tangere
ssp. biflora Hultén
Spotted jewelweed,
Orange touch-me-not,
Spotted touch-me-not,
Spotted snapweed
Impatiente du Cap,
Chou sauvage,
Impatiente biflore
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 3,
Secure

FACW

Annual,
Herb-forb
Jewelweed - Impatiens capensis, Julie Metz Wetlands, Woodbridge, Virginia - 27275915403.jpg
Impatiens capensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Nutt.

1818. Impatiens pallida Nutt.
1904. Impatiens pallida var. alba Clute
Pale jewel-weed,
Pale snapweed,
Pale touch-me-not,
Yellow touch-me-not
Impatiente pâle
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 3,
Likely secure

FACW

Annual,
Herb-forb
Impatiens pallida SCA-5938.jpg
Impatiens pallida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Royle

1835. Impatiens glandulifera Royle
1842. Impatiens roylei Walp.
Ornamental jewelweed,
Policeman's helmet,
Himalayan balsam,
Himalayan touch-me-not
Balsamie de l'Himmalaya,
Impatiente glanduleuse,
Balsamine géante
Introduced from
 India, Nepal,
 Pakistan,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 67%[1]

Annual,
Herb-forb
Drüsiges Springkraut.jpg
Impatiens glandulifera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Impatiens balsamina L.
1790. Balsamina foemina Gaertn.
1922. Impatiens giorgii De Wild.
1962. Impatiens eriocarpa Launert
Garden balsam,
Garden touch-me-not,
Spotted snapweed,
Rose balsam
Introduced from
 India, Myanmar

UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
Balsam Malaysia.jpg
Impatiens balsamina NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentImpatiens glandulifera: Moderate (67). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Family Polemoniaceae[edit]

The Polemoniaceae (phlox family).[1]

Subamily Polemonioideae[edit]

Tribe Polemonieae[edit]

Genus Polemonium[edit]
Although the New York Flora Atlas does not include Polemonium caeruleum, Go Botany reports that it has escaped cultivation in New England.
  1. Polemoniaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Polemoniaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Polemonieae
Polemonium Jacob's ladder N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
var. reptans

    
    
    
Common Jacob's-ladder,
Creeping Jacob's-ladder,
Spreading Jacob's-ladder,
Greek valerian,
Charity
Polémoine rampante,
Valériane grecque
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Likely secure

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Subshrub
Jacob's ladder (25910631796).jpg
Polemonium reptans var reptans nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
Britton

    
    
    
Vanbrunt's Jacob's ladder,
Vanbrunt's polemonium,
Bog Jacob's ladder
Polémoine de Van-Brunt
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Rare

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Polemonium vanbruntiae FWS-2.jpg
Polemonium vanbruntiae nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Blue Jacob's-ladder,
Charity,
Greek-valerian
Polémoine bleue,
Valériane grecque
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Cultivated

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Polemonium caeruleum001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Phocideae[edit]

Genus Phlox[edit]
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Phocideae — Phlox
Phloxsect. Divaricatae Phlox N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.
ssp. divaricata

    
    
    
Wild blue phlox N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Likely secure
Phlox divaricata - Wild Blue Phlox 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. pilosa

Downy phlox N.Y. native,
Endangered,
Impersistent
Phlox pilosa Central Basin TN.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1z
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Phloxsect. Phlox Phlox N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
ssp. subulata

Moss phlox N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Mauve Flowers 2 (4540691499).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
ssp. maculata

Spotted phlox,
Wild sweet-william
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Phlox maculata NRCS-1.jpg
Phlox maculata ssp maculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NX

ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Fall phlox Introduced,
US South native

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun
Phlox paniculata Tatjana20140704 022.jpg
Phlox paniculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS 

NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Sims (1802)

Creeping phlox Introduced,
US South native
Phlox stolonifera 02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Gilieae[edit]

Genus Collomia[edit]
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Gilieae — Collomia
Collomia Trumpet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Nutt.

1818. Collomia linearis Nutt.
1891. Navarretia linearis (Nutt.) Kuntze
    
Tiny trumpet,
Narrow-leaved collomia
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native,
Impersistent

Annual,
Herb-forb
Collomia linearis (1).jpg
Collomia linearis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN

ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Genus Gilia[edit]
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Gilieae — Gilia
Gilia Gilia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Benth.
ssp. achilleifolia

1833. Gilia achilleifolia Benth.
    
    
California gilia,
Blue gilia
Introduced from
 California,
N. America native,
Impersistent

Annual,
Herb-forb
Gilia achilleifolia 042.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
NEW 
ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Loeselieae[edit]

Genus Ipomopsis[edit]
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Loeselieae — Ipomopsis
Ipomopsis (excluded taxa) Ipomopsis N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
 (L.) Wherry

    Gilia rubra (L.) Heller
Red standing-cypress N. America native
 southern U.S.,
N.Y. excluded
Ipomopsis rubraCDP148CA.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NX






Images, wsp

Family Ebenaceae[edit]

The Ebenaceae (ebony family) is primarily a tropical and warmer-temperate family of trees and shrubs. Its only species reported outside of cultivation in New York is the American persimmon tree, which consists mainly of escapes from cultivation. It is believed that the only native persimmon trees in the state are on Staten Island (Richmond County) and Long Island (Nassau and Suffolk Counties).[1][2]
  1. Ebenaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Ebenaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Subfamily Ebenoideae[edit]

Genus Diospyros[edit]

The only known natitve persimmon trees in New York are on Staten Island and Long Island. Most of the naturalized trees are assumed to be garden escapes. The genus name Diospyros was derived from the Greek dios (divine) and pyros (wheat or grain) in reference to the tree's "divine fruit."
Ericales — Ebenaceae — Ebenoideae — Diospyros
Diospyros Persimmon N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Diospyros virginiana L.
1921. D. mosieri Small (i)
1921. D. virginiana var. mosieri (i)
Persimmon,
Common persimmon,
American persimmon
Plaqueminier d'Amérique
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

FAC

Perennial,
Tree,
Sun - part shade
Diospyros virginia (Ebenaceae) (leaves).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ
MBG 
Images, wsp

Family Primulaceae[edit]

The Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh. (primrose family).[1] Note that this family does not include evening primroses (Oenothera), which are in the Onagraceae (evening primrose or willowherb family).

The classification used here for Primulaceae is based primariliy on P. F. Stevens (2001-2015). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, April 2015.

Subfamily Theophrastoideae[edit]

The Theophrastoideae (brookweeds &&) ...

Tribe Samoleae[edit]

The Samoleae (brookweeds) ...

Genus Samolus[edit]
Ericales — Primulaceae — Theophrastoideae — Samoleae — Samolus
Samolus Brookweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Samolus valerandi L.
[2]
1818. Samolus floribundus Kunth
1818. Samolus parviflorus Raf.
1971. Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus Hultén
Water pimpernel,
Seaside brookweed
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Samolus valerandi veslud 02 11062008 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
  1. Primulaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Primulaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
  2. NYFA lists the New York populations of Samolus valerandi as being of subsp. parviflorus, but ITIS and ARS-GRIN lump the subspecies together.

Subfamily Primuloideae[edit]

Genus Primula[edit]

Primula subg. Aleuritia[edit]
Lake Mistassini primrose, photographed in Wisconsin
The only native species of Primula subg. Aleuritia is Lake Mistassini primrose or bird's eye primrose. Lake Mistassini is the largest natural lake in Quebec. Mistassini primrose is rare this far south. It is considered threatened in New York, where it is found only on cool wet cliff faces.[1]

The only non-native member of subg. Aleuritia reported to have naturalized in New York is Japanese primrose, which has been found in Onondaga and Otsego counties.


Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Primula — subg. Aleuritia
Primulasubg. Aleuritiasect. Aleuritia Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Michx.

1803. Primula mistassinica Michx.
1888. P. farinosa var. mistassinica
1894. P. sibirica var. mistassinica
1905. P. farinosa ssp. mistassinica
1928. P. intercedens Fernald
1928. P. mistassinica var. intercedens
1966. P. mistassinica var. intercedens
Lake Mistassini primrose
Bird's-eye primrose
Mistassini primrose
Dwarf Canadian primrose

Primevère du lac Mistassini
Primevère de Mistassini
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Shade
Primula mistassinica - Curtis-2973.jpg
Primula mistassinica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Primulasubg. Aleuritiasect. Proliferae Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 A.Gray

Japanese primrose
Primevère du Japon
Introduced from
 Japan,
Naturalized,
Rare
Primula japonica 1.jpg
Primula japonica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp
Primula subg. Primula[edit]
Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Primula — subg. Primula
Primulasubg. Primulasect. Primula Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

1753. Primula veris L.
1765. Primula officinalis (L.) Hill
Cowslip,
Cowslip primrose
Primevère officinale
Introduced Primula veris ENBLA03.JPG
Primula veris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
Primulasubg. Primulasect. Primula (excluded taxa) Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
 Mill.

Primula veris ×
Primula vulgaris

Elatior hybrid primrose,
False oxlip
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded,
Only cultivated
Primula denticulata.JPG
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XX
Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
Primula subg. Auriculastrum[edit]
Shooting star.
Based on molecular evidence, A. R. Mast & Reveal, in 2006, transferred the 17 species of genus Dodecatheon (the sooting stars) to a new sect. Dodecatheon in Primula subg. Auriculastrum.[1] The transfer included the only (and impersistent) New York native, Primula meadia (Eastern shooting star). The shooting stars are still listed in genus Dodecatheon by many sources.
Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Primula — subg. Auriculastrum
Primulasubg. Auriculastrumsect. Dodecatheon Shooting-star N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) A.R.Mast & Reveal

1753. Dodecatheon meadia L.
1903. D. hugeri Small
1903. D. brachycarpum Small
2007. P. meadia A.R.Mast & Reveal
Eastern shooting star,
Shooting star,
Pride of Ohio,
American cowslip,
Mead's shootingstar
Gyroselle de Virginie
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Impersistent

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Dodecatheon meadia habit.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Genus Hottonia[edit]

Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Hottonia
Hottonia Hottonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Elliott 1817

American featherfoil,
Featherfoil,
Hottonie enflée
N.Y. native,
Threatened
Hottonia inflata in pond.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp

Genus Androsace[edit]

Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Androsace
Androsace Rock jasmine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Androsace,
Greater rock-jasmine,
Pussy-toes
Introduced Androsace maxima sl1.jpg
Androsace maxima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Subfamily Myrsinoideae[edit]

The Myrsinoideae

Genus Lysimachia[edit]

Northern starflower
The grouping used here for genus Lysimachia is based on Anderberg (2007).[1]
Lysimachia subg. Trientalis[edit]
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia — subg. Trientalis
Lysimachiasubg. Trientalis Starflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Raf.) U.Manns & Anderb.

1808. Trientalis borealis Raf.
2009. Lysimachia borealis
(Raf.) U.Manns & Anderb.[1]
Northern starflower N.Y. native,
Secure
Trientalis borealis 1177.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group A[edit]
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia — subg. Lysimachia
Lysimachiasubg. Lysimachiasect. Seleucia Yellow-loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
 L.

1753. Lysimachia ciliata L.
1843. Steironema ciliatum (L.) Baudo
1891. Nummularia ciliata (L.) Kuntze
Fringed loosestrife,
Fringed yellow loosestrife,
Ciliate loosestrife
Lysimaque ciliée,
Lysimaque fimbriée,
Stéironéma cilié
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 4,
Secure
Lysimachia ciliata 3-eheep (5097337133).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Michx. (1803)

    Lysimachia ciliata validula
    Lysimachia lanceolata hybrida
    Steironema hybridum
    Steironema laevigatum
    Steironema lanceolatum hybridum
Lance-leaved loosestrife,
Lowland yellow loosestrife,
Mississippi loosestrife,
Swamp candles
Lysimaque hybride
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Endangered
Lysimachia hybrida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

    Lysimachia longifolia
    Steironema quadriflorum
Four-flowered loosestrife,
Fourflower yellow loosestrife,
Linear-leaf loosestrife
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Endangered
Lysimachia quadriflora.jpg
Lysimachia quadriflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group B[edit]
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia — subg. Lysimachia
Lysimachiasubg. Lysimachiasect. Nummularia Yellow-loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
 L.

1753. Lysimachia nummularia L.
Moneywort,
Creeping Jenny
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 64%[1]

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lysimachia nummularia LJM040629-5447866.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-?






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lysimachia punctata L.
    L. punctata var. verticillata Klatt
Spotted loosestrife,
Large yellow loosestrife
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 57%[2]
Lysimachia punctata-2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS




Images, wsp
Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group C[edit]
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia — subg. Lysimachia
Lysimachiasubg. Lysimachia Pimpernel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) U.Manns & Anderb.

1753. Anagallis arvensis L.
1759. A. caerulea L.
1764. A. arvensis var. caerulea
1927. A. arvensis fo. caerulea
2009. L. arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb.
Scarlet pimpernel,
Poor-man's weatherglass,
Shepherd's clock,
Scarlet yellow-loosestrife
Mouron rouge,
Mouron des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

FACU-UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
20120624Oftersheimer Duenen093.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group E[edit]
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia — subg. Lysimachia
Lysimachiasubg. Lysimachiasect. Lysimachia Yellow-loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. (1888)

Swamp loosestrife,
Earth loosestrife,
Lake loosestrife,
Swamp candles
N.Y. native,
Secure
Lysimachia terrestris.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp

Whorled loosestrife N.Y. native,
Secure
Lysimachia quadrilfolia 6041.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

    Naumburgia thyrsiflora (L.) Duby
Water loosestrife,
Swamp loosestrife,
Tufted loosestrife,
Tufted yellow loosestrife,
Lysimaque thyrsiflore
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Lysimachia thyrsiflora flowers2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Fernald

Lysimachia terrestris ×
Lysimachia thyrsiflora

Hybrid of
 Swamp loosestrife &
 Tufted loosestrife
N.Y. native,
Threatened
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2?






Images, wsp
(A. Gray) Fernald (pro sp.)

Lysimachia quadrifolia ×
Lysimachia terrestris

Hybrid of
 Whorled loosestrife &
 Swamp loosestrife
N.Y. native,
Vulnerable
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3?






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lysimachia vulgaris L.
Garden loosestrife,
Garden yellow loosestrife
Lysimaque commune
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[1],
Prohibited[2]
20150609Lysimachia vulgaris1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLysimachia vulgaris: Moderate (73). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
Lysimachia subg. Palladia + Lysimachiopsis[edit]
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia — subg. Palladia + Lysimachiopsis
Lysimachiasubg. Palladia + Lysimachiopsis Loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
Duby

1844. Lysimachia clethroides Duby
Goose-neck loosestrife
Gooseneck loosestrife
Gooseneck yellow loosestrife

Lysimaque faux-clèthre
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: not assessed[1]
Lysimachia clethroides 01.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
Can





Images, wsp

Family Symplocaceae[edit]

The Symplocaceae (sweetleaf family).[1]

Genus Symplocos[edit]

Sweetleaf

Ericales — Symplocaceae — Symplocos
Symplocos Sweetleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) L'Hér.

1767. Hopea tinctoria L.
1791. Symplocos tinctoria (L.) L'Hér.
    
Horse-sugar Introduced,
US South native
Symplocos tinctoria 1120593.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0


Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Miq.

    
    
    
Sapphire berry,
Asiatic sweetleaf
Introduced Symplocos paniculata (9958808546) 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0



BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Symplocaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Styracaceae[edit]

The Styracaceae (snowbell family) [1] contains snowbells and silverbell trees.

Genus Halesia[edit]

Ericales — Styracaceae — Halesia
Halesia Silverbell N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 L.

1759. Halesia carolina L.
1761. Halesia tetraptera J.Ellis
1803. Halesia parviflora Michx.
1914. Halesia carolina var. monticola Rehder
1921. Halesia monticola (Rehder) Sarg.
Silver bells,
Possomwood,
Carolina silverbell
Introduced,
US South native

Perennial,
Tree
Halesia carolina0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Ellis
= Halesia carolina

Mountain silverbell Introduced,
US South native
HalesiaTetraptera.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Styracaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Styracaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Genus Styrax[edit]

Ericales — Styracaceae — Styrax
Styrax Snowbell N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Lam.

1783. Styrax americanus Lam.
1803. Styrax pulverulentus Michx.
1917. Styrax americanus
var. pulverulentus Rehder
American snowbell,
Mock orange
Introduced,
US South native,
Cultivated
Styrax americanus.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS 
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Sieb. & Zucc.

Japanese snowbell,
Japanese storax
Introduced Styrax japonicus 05.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Family Diapensiaceae[edit]

The Diapensiaceae (diapensia family).[1]

Genus Diapensia[edit]

Ericales — Diapensiaceae — Diapensia
Diapensia Diapensia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. lapponica

    
    
    
Lapland diapensia,
Pincushion plant
N.Y. native,
Threatened
Diapensia lapponica plant upernavik.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-






Images, wsp
  1. Diapensiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Diapensiaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Genus Galax[edit]

Ericales — Diapensiaceae — Galax
Galax Galax N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Poir.) Brummitt

    
    
    
Beetleweed Introduced,
US South native
Galax urceolata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Genus Pyxidanthera[edit]

Ericales — Diapensiaceae — Pyxidanthera
Pyxidanthera Pyxidanthera N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

    
    
    
Common pyxiemoss,
Flowering moss,
Flowering pixiemoss,
Big pyxie, Pyxies
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Pyxidanthera barbulata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Family Sarraceniaceae[edit]

The Sarraceniaceae (pitcher-plant family) are carnivorous plants, consisting of three New-World genera. The largest genus, Heliamphora, is endemic to South America, and the monospecific Darlingtonia is native to the West Coast of the U.S. The third genus, Sarracenia, with about eight species, is native to eastern North America.[1]
  1. Sarraceniaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Genus Sarracenia[edit]

The most widespread and only cold-tolerant species of Sarracenia is Sarracenia purpurea (the purple pitcher plant). Of its two subspecies, S. purpurea ssp. venosa is only found south of New York, but S. purpurea ssp. purpurea is fairly widespread in New York peatlands as well as farther north.
Ericales — Sarraceniaceae — Sarracenia
Sarracenia Pitcher plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. purpurea

1753. Sarracenia purpurea L.
1827. S. purpurea var. terrae-novae
1933. S. purpurea ssp. gibbosa
1933. S. purpurea var. stolonifera
1951. S. purpurea var. ripicola
Purple pitcher-plant,
Northern pitcher-plant,
Side-saddle plant,
Common pitcherplant,
Huntsman's-cup,
Huntsman's horn,
Decumbent pitcher plant,
Frog's-britches
Sarracénie pourpre
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Vulnerable

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun
PurplepitcherplantMN.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp

Family Actinidiaceae[edit]

The Actinidiaceae (Chinese gooseberry family).[1]

Subfamily Actinidioideae[edit]

Genus Actinidia[edit]

Ericales — Actinidiaceae — Actinidioideae — Actinidia
Actinidia Actinidia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Maxim.

1843. Trochostigma polygamum
Siebold & Zucc.
1859. Actinidia polygama
(Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Maxim.
    
Silver vine,
Cat powder
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Rare
Actinidia polygama.JPG
Actinidia polygama NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp
  1. Actinidiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Clethraceae[edit]

The Clethraceae (clethra family).[1]

Genus Clethra[edit]

Ericales — Clethraceae — Clethra
Clethra Sweetpepperbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Clethra alnifolia L.
1786. C. tomentosa Lam.
1789. C. paniculata Aiton
1803. C. alnifolia var. tomentosa
1803. C. alnifolia var. glabella
1900. C. alnifolia var. paniculata
1903. C. alnifolia var. michauxii
Coastal sweet-pepperbush,
Coast pepperbush,
Sweet Pepperbush,
Anne Bidwell,
Summersweet,
Pink spire
Clèthre à feuilles d'aulne
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - shade
Clethra alnifolia 003.JPG
Clethra alnifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN LBJ

Images, wsp
  1. Clethraceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Ericaceae[edit]

The Ericaceae (heath family).[1][2]
  1. Ericaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Ericaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
  2. The subfamily (and tribal) organization used here is from of James L. Reveal (2012) An outline of a classification scheme for extant flowering plants. Phytoneuron 2012–37: 1–221.

Subfamily Monotropoideae[edit]

Tribe Pyroleae[edit]

The native New York Pyroleae consist of about nine species of "wintergreen" or "shineleaf" plants. The organization of the Pyroleae used here is based primarily on Liu (2011).[1]
Genus Orthilia[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Monotropoideae — Pyroleae — Orthilia
Orthilia Orthilia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) House

1753. Pyrola secunda L.
1858. Ramischia secunda (L.) Garcke
1914. Ramischia elatior Rydb.
1921. Orthilia secunda (L.) House
One-sided wintergreen,
Sidebells wintergreen
N.Y. native,
Secure
OrthiliaSecunda2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN


FNA 



Images, wsp
Genus Pyrola[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Monotropoideae — Pyroleae — Pyrola
Pyrola Wintergreen N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Sweet

1830. P. americana Sweet
1844. P. obovata Bertol.
 auct. P. rotundifolia p.p.non L.
1920. P. rotundifolia
var. americana Fernald
1966. P. asarifolia ssp. americana Křísa
American wintergreen,
American shinleaf,
Wild lily-of-the-valley,
Round-leaved shineleaf,
Round-leaved wintergreen
Pyrole d'Amérique,
Pyrole à feuilles rondes
N.Y. native,
Secure
Pyrola americana BB-1913.png
Pyrola americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Green-flowered wintergreen,
Green-flowered shineleaf,
Greenish-flowered wintergreen,
Pale-greed wintergreen
N.Y. native,
Secure
Rohekas uibuleht.JPG NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Nutt.

Shinleaf,
Waxflower shinleaf,
Large-leaved shineleaf,
Eliptic shineleaf
N.Y. native,
Secure
Pyrola elliptica BB-1913.png
Pyrola elliptica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
 Michx.
ssp. asarifolia

Pink wintergreen,
Liverleaf wintergreen
N.Y. native,
Threatened
Pyrola asarifolia (6187038332).jpg
Pyrola asarifolia ssp asarifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Snowline wintergreen,
Lesser wintergreen
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Pyrola minor1.JPG NYFA-1






Images, wsp
Genus Moneses[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Monotropoideae — Pyroleae — Moneses
Moneses Single-delight N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) A.Gray

    Pyrola uniflora L.
One-flowered wintergreen N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Moneses uniflora T69.jpg NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus Chimaphila[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Monotropoideae — Pyroleae — Chimaphila
Chimaphila Prince's-pine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) Barton
ssp. cisatlantica

Common wintergreen N.Y. native,
Secure
Chimaphila umbellata.jpg NYFA-5






Images, wsp
(L.) Pursh

Spotted wintergreen,
Striped prince's pine
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Chimaphila maculata in flower.jpg NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Tribe Monotropeae[edit]

Monotropeae are mycotrophs, which are parasitic plants that obtain their nutrients trough fungi instead photosynthesis.

Genus Monotropa[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Monotropoideae — Monotropeae — Monotropa
Monotropa Indianpipe N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Monotropa uniflora L.
1927. Monotropa brittonii Small
Indian-pipe,
One-flowered Indian pipe,
Ghost pipe,
Convulsion root
Monotrope uniflore,
Monotrope à une fleur
N.Y. native,
Secure
Monotropa uniflora in Penwood State Park 3, 2009-07-03.jpg
Monotropa uniflora nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Monotropa hypopitys L.
1766. Hypopitys monotropa Crantz
1772. Hypopitys multiflora Scop.
1803. Monotropa lanuginosa Michx.
1810. Hypopitys lanuginosa (Michx.) Raf.
1843. Hypopitys americana (DC.) Small
1894. Hypopitys hypopitys (L.) Small taut.
1897. Hypopitys multiflora (Scop.) Fritsch
1901. Hypopitys fimbriata (A.Gray) Howell
1910. M. hypopitys var. lanuginosa Purah.
1956. M. hypopitys ssp. lanuginosa H.Hara
Pinesap,
American pinesap,
Yellow pinesap,
Yellow bird's-nest,
False beechdrops
Monotrope du pin,
Monotrope à grappe
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Monotropa hypopitys 140706a.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Pterosporeae[edit]

Genus Pterospora[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Monotropoideae — Pterosporeae — Pterospora
Pterospora Pinedrops N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 Nutt.

    
    
    
Pinedrops,
Pine-drops,
Woodland pinedrops,
Giant pinedrops,
Giant birds's-nest,
Albany beechdrops
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Pterospora andromedea Sprague Lake.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 

Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Arbutoideae[edit]

Genus Arctostaphylos[edit]

Ericales — Ericaceae — Arbutoideae — Arctostaphylos
Arctostaphylos Manzanita N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Spreng.

1753. Arbutus uva-ursi L.
1812. Arbutus buxifolia Stokes
1813. Mairania uva-ursi (L.) Desv.
1821. Uva-ursi buxifolia (Stokes) Gray
1825. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng.
1913. Uva-ursi uva-ursi (L.) Britton taut.
Bearberry,
Kinnikinnick,
Pinemat manzanita,
Mealberry,
Hog cranberry
Raisin d’ours,
Arctostaphyle raisin-d'ours,
Busserole
N.Y. native,
Secure
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 28273.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Subfamily Harrimanelloideae[edit]

Genus Harrimanella[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Harrimanelloideae — Harrimanella
Harrimanella Harrimanella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Coville

    
    
    
Moss bell-heather N.Y. native,
Likely extirpated
Harrimanella hypnoides Kilpisjärvi 2012-07.jpg
Harrimanella hypnoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp

Subfamily Ericoideae[edit]

Tribe Phyllodoceae[edit]

Genus Epigaea[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Phyllodoceae — Epigaea
Epigaea Trailing-arbutus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Mayflower,
Trailing arbutus
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Epigaea repens 5-sphillips (5097282717).jpg
Epigaea repens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus Kalmia[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Phyllodoceae — Kalmia
Kalmia Laurel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

Sheep-laurel N.Y. native,
Secure
Kalmia angustifolia 4502.JPG
Kalmia angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

Mountain laurel N.Y. native,
Secure
Mountain Laurel - Flickr - treegrow (16).jpg
Kalmia latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Wang.

Pale laurel,
Bog laurel
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Bog laurel (Kalmia polifolia) (23945002063).jpg
Kalmia polifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

    Loiseleuria procumbens (L.) Desv.
Alpine azalea N.Y. native,
Endangered
Loiseleuria procumbens Kilpisjärvi 2012-07.jpg
Kalmia procumbens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Kalmia (excluded taxa) Laurel N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(Bergius) Gift & Kron 2008

1777. Ledum buxifolium Bergius
1813. Dendrium buxifolium Desv.
1817. Leiophyllum buxifolium Elliott
[1]
1839. Leiophyllum lyonii Sweet
1901. Leiophyllum hugeri (Small) K. Schum.
Sandmyrtle,
Sand-myrtle
N. America native
 southern U. S.,
N.Y. excluded
Kalmia buxifolia NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
  1. NYFA and NRCS both list Kalmia buxifolia as Leiophyllum buxifolium (Berg) Elliott. ITIS, GRIN and Flora of North America, place it in Kalmia.

Tribe Ericeae[edit]

Genus Calluna[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Ericeae — Calluna
Calluna Heather N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Hull

1753. Erica vulgaris L.
1808. Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull
1906. Ericoides vulgaris (L.) Merino
Heather,
Scothch heather
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized

Perennial,
Shrub
Calluna vulgaris sl3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Rhodoreae[edit]

Genus Rhododendron[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Rhodoreae — Rhododendron
Rhododendron Rhododendron N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
(Small) Millais 1917

1914. Azalea prinophylla Small
    R. nudiflorum var. roseum
    R. roseum (Loisel.) Rehder
Early azalea N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 6,
Secure
Rhododendron prinophyllum - University of Copenhagen Botanical Garden - DSC07604.JPG
Rhododendron prinophyllum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
(Michx.) Shinners

    Azalea nudiflora L.
    R. nudiflorum (L.) Torr.
Pink azalea,
Pinkster,
Pinxter-flower
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure
Rhododendron periclymenoides - Wild Pink Azalea 2.jpg
Rhododendron periclymenoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
(L.) Torr.

    Azalea serrulata Small
    Azalea viscosa L.
    R. serrulatum (Small) Millais
Swamp azalea N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure
Rhododendron viscosum NRCS-1.jpg
Rhododendron viscosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
(Oeder) Kron & Judd

    Ledum groenlandicum Oeder
    Ledum palustre L.
Bog Labrador tea,
Common Labrador tea,
Labrador tea
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Likely secure
Ledem groenlandicum C.jpg
Rhododendron groenlandicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

Great laurel,
Rosebay rhododendron
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Likely secure
Budding (9249172175).jpg
Rhododendron maximum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(L.) Torr.

    Azalea canadensis (L.) Kuntze
    Rhodora canadensis L.
Rhodora N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Threatened
Różanecznik kanadyjski Rhododendron canadense RB.JPG
Rhododendron canadense NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(L.) Wahlenb.

    Azalea lapponica L.
Lapland rosebay,
Lapland azalea
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Endangered
Rhododendron lapponicum 1999-07-07.jpg
Rhododendron lapponicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Michx.) Torrey

Flame azalea Introduced,
N. America native
Rhododendron calendulaceum 'Mandarin Red' Flower.jpg
Rhododendron calendulaceum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Rhododendron (excluded taxa) Rhododendron N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(Pursh) Torr.

    Azalea arborescens Pursh
Smooth azalea,
Sweet Azalea
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Rhododendron arborescens - Sweet Azalea.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Note: 1986[1]
(Michx.) Sweet

    Azalea candida Small
    Azalea canescens Michx.
    R. candidum (Small) Rehder
Mountain azalea,
Hoary azalea
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Rhododendron canescens (Ericaceae).JPG
Nymap.svg

USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Note: 1918[2]
  1. 1986: Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany.
  2. 1918: Homer D. House, New York State Botanist, Wild Flowers of New York, Vol 2, page 201, "Mountain or Hoary Azalea, Azalea canescens Michaux ... eastern and southern New York...."

Subfamily Empetroideae[edit]

Empetroideae Sweet, Hort. Brit.: 491. Sep–Oct 1826.

Tribe Empetreae[edit]

Empetreae Horan., Char. Ess. Fam.: 109. 17 Jun 1847.

Genus Empetrum[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Empetroideae — Empetreae — Empetrum
Empetrum Crowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Empetrum nigrum L.
1913. E. eamesii ssp. hermaphroditum
1927. E. hermaphroditum Lange ex Hagerup
1933. E. nigrum var. hermaphroditum
1952. E. nigrum ssp. hermaphroditum
Black crowberry,
Crakeberry,
Curlew-berry
Camarine noire
N.Y. native,
Rare
Empetrum nigrum Denali AK.jpg
Empetrum nigrum nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Fernald & Wiegand

1913. E. atropurpureum Fernald & Wiegand
1927. E. rubrum var. atropurpureum
1960. E. eamesii ssp. atropurpureum
1966. E. nigrum var. atropurpureum
[1]
Purple crowberry,
Red crowberry
Camarine noire-pouprée,
Camarine atropourpre,
Camarine pourpre
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Empetrum nigrum a1.jpg
Empetrum atropurpureum nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
  1. USDA-NRCS-PLANTS and ITIS treat E. atropurpureum as a synonym of E. nigrum, but NYFA, FNA, and Flora Novae Angliae all treat E. atropurpureum as a separate species.
Genus Corema[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Empetroideae — Empetreae — Corema
Corema Crowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Torr.) Torr.

1837. Empetrum conradii Torr.
1842. Corema conradii (Torr.) Torr.
Broom crowberry,
Broom-crowberry,
Poverty-grass
Corème de Conrad,
Camarine de Conrad
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Corema conradii buds.jpeg
Corema conradii nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Subfamily Vaccinoideae[edit]

Tribe Oxydendreae[edit]

Genus Oxydendrum[edit]

Oxydendrum contains a single species, the sourwood tree (O. arboreum), which is endemic to the southeastern U.S., as far north as southwestern Pennsylvania. Its flowers grow in racemes and look similar to lily-of-the-valley flowers. It is cultivated as an ornamental in southern New York, where it has escaped.

Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Oxydendreae — Oxydendrum
Oxydendrum Sourwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) DC.

1753. Andromeda arborea L.
1839. Oxydendrum arboreum (L.) DC.
Sourwood,
Sorreltree,
Lily-of-the-valley tree,
Swamp-cranberry
Introduced,
US South native
Sourwood leaves and flowers.jpg
Oxydendrum arboreum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp

Tribe Lyonieae[edit]

Genus Lyonia[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Lyonieae — Lyonia
Lyonia Staggerbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) DC.
var. ligustrina

1753. Vaccinium ligustrinum L.
1813. Andromeda ligustrina (L.) Muhl.
1839. Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC.
1894. Xolisma ligustrina (L.) Britton
1913. Arsenococcus ligustrinus (L.) Small
Maleberry,
Seedy buckberry,
Privet andromeda
Lyonie faux-troène,
Lyonie ligustrine
N.Y. native,
Secure
Lyonia ligustrina 2zz.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE 


Images, wsp
 (L.) D.Don

1753. Andromeda mariana L.
1834. Lyonia mariana (L.) D.Don
1876. Pieris mariana (L.) Benth. & Hook.f.
1913. Neopieris mariana (L.) Britton
1924. Xolisma mariana (L.) Rehder
Stagger-bush,
Piedmont staggerbush,
Maryland staggerbush
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Lyonia mariana 04.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp

Tribe Andromedeae[edit]

Genus Andromeda[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Andromedeae — Andromeda
Andromeda Bog-rosemary N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
var. latifolia Aiton

1789. A. polifolia var. latifolia
1821. A. glaucophylla Link
1839. A. polifolia var. glaucophylla
1914. A. canescens Small
1916. A. glaucophylla var. iodandra
1924. A. glaucophylla fo. latifolia
1927. A. glaucophylla var. latifolia
1948. A. polifolia ssp. glaucophylla
Bog rosemary,
Glaucous-leaved bog rosemary
Andromède glauque
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub
Andromeda glaucophylla 3 (5098092592).jpg
Andromeda polifolia var glaucophylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp

Tribe Gaultherieae[edit]

Genus Chamaedaphne[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Gaultherieae — Chamaedaphne
Chamaedaphne Leatherleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Moench

Leatherleaf N.Y. native,
Secure
Chamaedaphne Calyculata Haukipudas 20110604.JPG
Chamaedaphne calyculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus Gaultheria[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Gaultherieae — Gaultheria
Gaultheria Snowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

Eastern teaberry,
Checkerberry,
American wintergreen,
Creeping wintergreen
Thé des bois,
Thé rouge,
Gaulthérie couchée
N.Y. native,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub
Gaultheria procumbens 2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(L.) Muhl. ex Bigel.

Chiogenes hispidula
Creeping snowberry N.Y. native,
Secure
Gaultheria hispidula 7847.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus Eubotrys[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Gaultherieae — Eubotrys
Eubotrys Fetterbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Nutt.

Eubotrys elongataLeucothoe elongata
Coastal fetterbush,
Deciduous swamp fetterbush,
Swamp doghobble,
Swamp sweetbells
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Eubotrys racemosa - Swamp doghobble 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
(Buckley) Britton

Mountain fetterbush,
Deciduous mountain fetterbush,
Redtwig doghobble,
Red-twigged doghobble
Introduced,
US South native

Perennial,
Shrub
Eubotrys recurva BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0



BNA


Images, wsp
Genus Leucothoe[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Gaultherieae — Leucothoe
Leucothoe Doghobble N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Steud.) Sleumer

Highland dog-hobble Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent
Leucothe fontanesia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp
 (Lam.) D.Don

1783. Andromeda axillaris Lam.
1788. Andromeda catesbaei Walter
1809. Andromeda walteri Willd.
1834. Leucothoe axillaris D.Don
1856. Leucothoe catesbaei A.Gray
Coastal doghobble Introduced,
US South native,
Cultivated,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Shrub
Leucothoe axillaris3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Vaccinieae[edit]

Genus Gaylussacia[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Gaylussacia
Gaylussacia Huckleberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3

1787. Andromeda baccata Wangenh.
1872. Gaylussacia baccata K.Koch
1900. G. resinosa var. glaucocarpa B.L.Rob.
1907. G. baccata var. glaucocarpa Mack.
1933. Decachaena baccata Small
Black huckleberry N.Y. native,
Secure
Gaylussacia baccata 5497208.jpg
Gaylussacia baccata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) Torr. & A.Gray

1753. Vaccinium frondosum L.
1843. Gaylussacia frondosa Torr. & A.Gray
1933. Decachaena frondosa ex Small
Blue huckleberry,
Dangleberry
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Gaylussacia frondosa BB-1913.png
Gaylussacia frondosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
(Fernald) Sorrie & Weakley

var. bigeloviana Fernald
1933. Lasiococcus dumosus var. bigelovianus
Fernald
2007. Gaylussacia bigeloviana Sorrie & Weakley
 auct. Gaylussacia dumosanon (Andrews) A.Gray
Dwarf huckleberry,
Bog huckleberry
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Gaylussacia dumosa (6009920604).jpg
Gaylussacia bigeloviana nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Genus Vaccinium[edit]
The genus Vaccinium comprises the blueberries, cranberries, huckleberries and similar shrubs. It is here broken down into sections as described in Flora of North America.[1]
Vaccinium sect. Cyanococcus[edit]
Section Cyanococcus was described by Asa Gray in Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Science in 1846.[1] This section contains all of the New York blueberry species except the alpine blueberry.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium — sect. Cyanococcus
Vacciniumsect. Cyanococcus Blueberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Aiton

1789. Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton
1861. V. pensylvanicum var. nigrum
1894. V. nigrum (Alph.Wood) Britton
1914. V. brittonii Porter ex E. P. Bicknell
1931. Cyanococcus angustifolium
(Aiton) Rydb.
1943. V. lamarckii Camp
Lowbush blueberry,
Late lowbush blueberry,
Low sweet blueberry,
Late sweet blueberry,
Sweet-hurts
Bleuet à feuilles étroites,
Airelle de Pennsylvanie
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 4,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - shade
2016-09 Monts Valin 23.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Vaccinium corymbosum L.
    
    
Highbush blueberry,
Swamp blueberry,
Whortleberry,
New Jersey blueberry,
Southern blueberry
Bleuet en corymbe
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 6,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub
2013-08-25 14 02 03 Closeup of blueberries along the shore of Spring Lake at 88 Lake Road in Berlin, New York.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
E.P.Bicknell (pro sp.)

Vaccinium angustifolium ×
Vaccinium corymbosum

    
    
    
Atlantic huckleberry,
Hybrid of
 Lowbush blueberry &
 Highbush blueberry
N.Y. native,
Unranked

Perennial,
Shrub
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx.

1803. Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx.
1823. V. canadense Kalm ex Richardson
1917. Cyanococcus canadensis
(Kalm ex Richardson) Rydb.
1921. V. angustifolium var. myrtilloides
    
Velvet-leaved blueberry,
Velvet-leaved huckleberry,
Velvetleaf huckleberry,
Sour-top blueberry,
Sourtop,
Canada blueberry
Bleuet fausse-myrtille,
Bleuet rameau-velouté,
Bleuet du Canada,
Bleuets,
Airelle fausse-myrtille,
Airelle faux-myrtille,
Airelle du Canada
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub
Vaccinium myrtilloides berries.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Aiton

1789. Vaccinium pallidum Aiton
1856. V. corymbosum var. pallidum
1933. Cyanococcus pallidus
(Aiton) Small
Early lowbush blueberry,
Late lowbush blueberry,
Blue Ridge blueberry,
Hillside blueberry
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub
Vaccinium pallidum - Blue Ridge Blueberry.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 I.V.Hall & Aalders

1848. V. pensylvanicum var. angustifolium
1861. V. pensylvanicum var. alpinum
1961. V. boreale I.V.Hall & Aalders
Northern blueberry,
High-mountain blueberry,
Sweet hurts
Bleuet boréal
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

Perennial,
Shrub
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Vaccinium sect. Vaccinium[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium — sect. Vaccinium
Vacciniumsect. Vaccinium Blueberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Alpine blueberry,
Bog blueberry,
Bog bilberry,
Bog whortleberry,
Northern bilberry,
Airelle de marécages
N.Y. native,
Rare
Ripe bilberries, Dipton Wood - geograph.org.uk - 1472503.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Vaccinium sect. Myrtillus[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium — sect. Myrtillus
Vacciniumsect. Myrtillus Dwarf blueberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Michx.

1803. V. caespitosum Michx.
1818. V. geminiflorum Kunth
1899. V. arbuscula (A.Gray) Merriam
1942. V. nivictum Camp
1942. V. paludicola Camp
Dwarf bilberry,
Dwarf blueberry
Airelle gazonnante
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Vaccinium caespitosum 3-eheep (5097507665).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Vaccinium sect. Oxycoccus[edit]

Cranberries (Vaccinium sect. Oxycoccus) can be found in acidic bogs throughout the state.

Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium — sect. Oxycoccus
Vacciniumsect. Oxycoccus Cranberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Aiton

1789. Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton
1803. V. oxycoccos var. oblongifolium
1805. Oxycoccus macrocarpos
(Aiton) Pers.
1805. O. palustris var. macrocarpos
1894. Schollera macrocarpos
(Aiton) Britton
Cranberry,
Large cranberry,
American cranberry
Canneberge à gros fruits,
Ronce d'Amérique
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub
Vaccinium macrocarpon01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Vaccinium oxycoccos L.
    
    
Cranberry,
Small cranberry,
European cranberry
Canneberge commune
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Secure,
(circumboreal)

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub
Vaccinium oxycoccos 09072.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Vaccinium sect. Polycodium[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium — sect. Polycodium
Vacciniumsect. Polycodium Deerberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Deerberry,
Southern-gooseberry
N.Y. native,
Secure
Vaccineum stamineum 1120600.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

References[edit]