Flora of New York/Ericales

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Cornales
Flora of New York — Ericales
Gentianales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Ericales introduction[edit | edit source]

The order Ericales comprises 22 families (Actinidiaceae, Balsaminaceae, Clethraceae, Cyrillaceae, Diapensiaceae, Ebenaceae, Ericaceae, Fouquieriaceae, Lecythidaceae, Marcgraviaceae, Mitrastemonaceae, Pentaphylacaceae, Polemoniaceae, Primulaceae, Roridulaceae, Sapotaceae, Sarraceniaceae, Sladeniaceae, Styracaceae, Symplocaceae, Tetrameristaceae, Theaceae):[1][2][3]
Ericales
balsaminoids

BalsaminaceaeImpatiens (4 jewelweed spp.)

Marcgraviaceae

Tetrameristaceae

Lecythidaceae

Mitrastemonaceae

polemonioids

Fouquieriaceae

Polemoniaceae

Cobaeoideae

Polemonioideae

Polemonieae - Polemonium (2 Jacob's ladder spp.)

Phlocideae - Phlox (6 phlox spp.)

Gilieae

Collomia

Gilia

Loeselieae

primuloids

Sapotaceae

Ebenaceae

Primulaceae

Pentaphylacaceae

Theaceae

styracoids

Symplocaceae

Diapensiaceae

Styracaceae

sarracenioids

Sarraceniaceae

Actinidiaceae

Roridulaceae

ericoids

Clethraceae

Cyrillaceae

Ericaceae


  1. From Figure 11.10. Phylogenetic relationships of Asterids with an emphasis on families within Ericales and Cornales. Soltis, Douglas; Soltis, Pamela; Endress, Peter; Chase, Mark W.; Manchester, Steven; Judd, Walter; Majure, Lucas; Mavrodiev, Evgeny (2018). Phylogeny and Evolution of the Angiosperms (p. 262). University of Chicago Press. Kindle Edition.
  2. Rose, Jeffrey P.; Kleist, Thomas J.; Löfstrand, Stefan D.; Drew, Bryan T.; Schönenberger, Jürg; Sytsma, Kenneth J. (2018-05-01). "Phylogeny, historical biogeography, and diversification of angiosperm order Ericales suggest ancient Neotropical and East Asian connections". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 122: 59–79. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2018.01.014. ISSN 1055-7903. PMID 29410353.
  3. Prather, L. & Ferguson, Carolyn & Jansen, Robert. (2000). Polemoniaceae Phylogeny and Classification: Implications of Sequence Data from the Chloroplast Gene ndhF. American journal of botany. 87. 1300-8. 10.2307/2656723.
Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Common names #
Ericales Balsaminaceae Impatiens touch-me-not, jewelweed 4
Polemoniaceae Polemonioideae Polemonieae Polemonium Jacob's ladder, charity 2
Phocideae Phlox phlox 6
Gilieae Collomia trumpet 1
Gilia gilia 1
Loeselieae Ipomopsis red standing cypress 1
Ebenaceae Ebenoideae Diospyros persimmon 1
Primulaceae Theophrastoideae Samoleae Samolus water pimpernel, brookweed 1
Primuloideae Primula primrose 5
Dodecatheon shooting star → Primula
Hottonia featherfoil 1
Androsace rock-jasmine, pussytoes 1
Myrsinoideae Anagallis pimpernel 1
Trientalis starflower → Lysimachia
Lysimachia yellow loosestrife 14
Symplocaceae Symplocos sweetleaf 2
Styracaceae Halesia silverbell 2
Styrax snowbell 2
Diapensiaceae Diapensia Lapland diapensia 1
Galax beetleweed 1
Pyxidanthera flowering moss, pyxies 1
Sarraceniaceae Sarracenia pitcherplant, side-saddle plant 1
Actinidiaceae Actinidioideae Actinidia silver vine 1
Clethraceae Clethra sweet pepperbush 1
Ericaceae Pyroloideae Pyroleae Orthilia one-sided wintergreen 1
Pyrola wintergreen 9
Moneses single-delight, wintergreen 1
Chimaphila prince's pine, wintergreen 1
Monotropoideae Monotropeae Monotropa Indian pipe, pinesap 2
Pterosporeae Pterospora pine drops, pinedrops 1
Arbutoideae Arctostaphylos bearberry, kinnikinnick 1
Harrimanelloideae Harrimanella moss bell-heather 1
Ericoideae Phyllodoceae Epigaea trailing arbutus, mayflower 1
Kalmia laurel, mountain laurel, sheep laurel 5
Ericeae Calluna heather 1
Rhodoreae Rhododendron azalea, rhododendron, pinxter 8
Empetroideae Empetreae Empetrum crowberry (black, purple, red) 2
Corema broom crowberry, poverty grass 1
Vaccinoideae Oxydendreae Oxydendrum swamp-cranberry, sourwood 1
Lyonieae Lyonia stagger bush, maleberry 2
Andromedeae Andromeda bog rosemary 1
Gaultherieae Chamaedaphne leatherleaf 1
Gaultheria snowberry 1
Eubotrys fetterbush 1
Leucothoe doghobble 2
Vaccinieae Gaylussacia huckleberry 3
Vaccinium blueberry, cranberry, deerberry, bilberry 11

Family Balsaminaceae[edit | edit source]

The Balsaminaceae (balsam family) contains the two genera: Impatiens with about 1000 species and Hydrocera with a single species. Of these, four Impatiens species have been reported growing wild in New York.[1][2][3]
  1. Balsaminaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Balsaminaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
  3. P.F. Stevens, P. F. (2001-2015). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, University of Missouri, St Louis, and Missouri Botanical Garden, April 2015.

Impatiens[edit | edit source]

Jewelweed with bright white water droplets at the edges of the leaves.

Of the four Impatiens species found outside of cultivation in New York, all are annual herbaceous plants The two native species, spotted jewelweed (Impatiens capensis) and pale jewelweed (Impatiens pallida), are common in wet wooded areas throughout much of the state.

Two non-native Impatiens species may also be found, but are less common. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is considered to be moderately invasive in New York. Garden balsam (Impatiens balsamina has been reported, but whether it has truly naturalized in the state is in question.


Ericales — Balsaminaceae — Impatiens
Genus Impatiens Touch-me-not N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Meerb.

1775. Impatiens capensis  Meerb.
1788. Impatiens biflora  Walter
1813. Impatiens maculata  Muhl. (not validly publ.)
1818. Impatiens fulva  Nutt.
1849. Balsamina fulva  (Nutt.) Ser.
1910. Impatiens nortonii  Rydb.
1916. Chrysaea biflora  (Walter) Nieuwl. & Lunell
1967. Impatiens noli-tangere  ssp. biflora  (Walter) Hultén
Spotted jewelweed,
Orange touch-me-not,
Spotted touch-me-not,
Spotted snapweed
Impatiente du Cap,
Chou sauvage,
Impatiente biflore
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure,
S5

FACW

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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 Nutt.

1803. Impatiens noli-tangere  Michx. (sensu auct.)
1813. Impatiens aurea  Muhl.
1818. Impatiens pallida  Nutt.
1904. Impatiens pallida  var. alba  Clute
1916. Chrysaea aurea  (Muhl.) Nieuwl. & Lunell
Pale jewel-weed,
Pale snapweed,
Pale touch-me-not,
Yellow touch-me-not
Impatiente pâle
Native, CoC: 3,
Likely secure,
S4, G5

FACW

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 4

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 Royle

1835. Impatiens glandulifera  Royle
1840. Impatiens glanduligera  Lindl.
1842. Impatiens roylei  Walp. (nom. superfl.)
1849. Balsamina roylei  (Walp.) Ser.
2021. Impatiens sulcata  var. glandulifera  (Royle) R.Kr.Singh & D.Borah
Ornamental jewelweed,
Policeman's helmet,
Himalayan balsam,
Himalayan touch-me-not
Balsamie de l'Himmalaya,
Impatiente glanduleuse,
Balsamine géante
Introduced from
 India, Nepal,
 Pakistan,
Moderately invasive,
 NYIS: 67%[1],
SNA, GNR

Annual,
Herb-forb
Columbia, Essex, Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Schuyler, Sullivan
NYFA: X

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 L.

1753. Impatiens balsamina  L.
1790. Balsamina foemina  Gaertn.
1922. Impatiens giorgii  De Wild.
1962. Impatiens eriocarpa  Launert
Garden balsam,
Garden touch-me-not,
Spotted snapweed,
Rose balsam
Introduced from
 India, Myanmar,
SNA, GNR

UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
Erie, Kings, Nassau, Suffolk
NYFA: X

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Hook. f.

1903. Impatiens balfourii  Hook. f.
1928. Impatiens mathildae  Chiov.
Balfour’s touch-me-not ...
Kashmir Balsam ...
Poor Man's Orchid ...

Impatience de Balfour ...
Impatiente des jardins ...
Introduced,
Potentially invasive

NYFA: Xu
NYFA: New York (2015)
2 counties

POWO
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  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentImpatiens glandulifera: Moderate (67). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Family Polemoniaceae[edit | edit source]

The Polemoniaceae (phlox family).[1]

Subamily Polemonioideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Polemonieae[edit | edit source]

Polemonium[edit | edit source]
Polemonium reptans
Although the New York Flora Atlas does not include Polemonium caeruleum, Go Botany reports that it has escaped cultivation in New England.
  1. Polemoniaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Polemoniaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Polemonieae
Genus Polemonium Jacob's ladder N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
 var. reptans

Common Jacob's-ladder,
Creeping Jacob's-ladder,
Spreading Jacob's-ladder,
Greek valerian,
Charity
Polémoine rampante,
Valériane grecque
Native, CoC: 7,
Likely secure

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Subshrub

NYFA: 4

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 Britton

Vanbrunt's Jacob's ladder,
Vanbrunt's polemonium,
Bog Jacob's ladder
Polémoine de Van-Brunt
Native, CoC: 7,
Rare

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 3

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Genus Polemonium (unlisted taxa) Jacob's ladder N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Blue Jacob's-ladder,
Charity,
Greek-valerian
Polémoine bleue,
Valériane grecque
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Cultivated

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 0
NYFA: Not listed
Jefferson County 2017

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Tribe Phlocideae[edit | edit source]

Phlox[edit | edit source]
The sectional classification of the genus Phlox used here (Wherry 1955, Grant 1959)[1] is:
  • Sect. Phlox (alpha-Phlox). Perennial herbs with soft deciduous leaves and long styles (P. glaberrima, P. paniculata, P. subulata...)
  • Sect. Divaricatae (Protophlox). Perennial or annual herbs with soft deciduous leaves and short styles (P. divaricata, P. drummondii, P. nivalis, P. pilosa...)
  • Sect. Occidentales (Microphlox). Cespitose or cushion-like subshrubs with stiff evergreen leaves and short styles. (P. caespitosa, P. hoodii, P. sibirica...)

Of these sections, only the herbaceous North American sections Phlox and Divaricatae contain native or naturalized species reported in New York.


Phlox sect. Divaricatae[edit | edit source]
Phlox divaricata
Sect. Divaricatae contains perennial or annual herbs with soft deciduous leaves and short styles.
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Phlocideae — Phlox sect. Divaricatae
Genus Phloxsect. Divaricatae Phlox N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
 ssp. divaricata

Timber phlox ...
Wild blue phlox ...
Woodland phlox
Native, CoC: 8,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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 L.
 ssp. pilosa

1753. Phlox pilosa L.
1911. Phlox argillacea Clute & Ferriss
1931. Phlox pilosa  var. amplexicaulis  (Raf.) Wherry
1931. Phlox pilosa  var. virens  (Michx.) Wherry
Downy phlox Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
Impersistent,
SH

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Niagara (1838)
NYFA: 1z

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Phlox sect. Phlox[edit | edit source]
Phlox subulata
Section Phlox contains perennial herbs with soft deciduous leaves and long styles, including native moss phlox (Phlox subulata), endangered wild sweet William (Phlox maculata), as well as common introduced garden phlox (Phlox paniculata).
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Phlocideae — Phlox sect. Phlox
Genus Phloxsect. Phlox Phlox N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
 ssp. subulata

1753. Phlox subulata  L.
1823. Phlox aristata  Lodd.
1891. Armeria subulata  (L.) Kuntze
Moss phlox ...
Creeping phlox ...
Moss pink ...
Ground pink ...
Mountain phlox ...
Native, CoC: 7,
Likely secure,
S4

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 4

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 L.
 ssp. maculata

1753. Phlox maculata L.
Wild sweet-william ...
Wild sweetwilliam ...
Meadow phlox ...
Spotted phlox ...
Native, CoC: 7,
Endangered,
S2, G5

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 1

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 L.

1753. Phlox paniculata L.
1813. Phlox acuminata Pursh
1813. Phlox decussata Lyon ex Pursh
Fall phlox Introduced,
US South native,
SNA, G5

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun

NYFA: X

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 Sims

1892. Phlox stolonifera Sims
Creeping phlox ...
Cherokee phlox ...
Introduced,
US South native,
Not naturalized,
SNA, G4-5

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Fulton, Rensselaer (1947)
NYFA: X

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Tribe Gilieae[edit | edit source]

Collomia[edit | edit source]
Collomia linearis
Collomia species, commonly known as trumpets or mountain trumpets, are native to western North America. Of these the only species reported in the northeast is the tiny trumpet (Collomia linearis).
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Gilieae — Collomia
Genus Collomia Trumpet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Cav.) Nutt.

1800. Phlox linearis Cav.
1818. Collomia linearis (Cav.) Nutt.
1882. Gilia linearis (Nutt.) A. Gray
1891. Navarretia linearis (Nutt.) Kuntze
Tiny trumpet
Narrow-leaved collomia ...
Narrow leaved collomia
Narrow-leaved mountain-trumpet ...
Slenderleaf collomia
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized,
SNA, G5

FACU-UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
Cattaraugus (1899)
NYFA: Xm

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Gilia[edit | edit source]
Gilia achilleifolia
About 35 Gilia species are native to western North America. Of these, only a few have been reported in the northeast. The New York Flora Atlas shows only Gilia achilleifolia (California gilia), collected in Brooklyn in 1880.

Although excluded by the New York Flora Atlas, "reaserch-grade" iNaturalist observations of Gilia capitata (bluehead gilia) were made in 2020 in Nassau County[1] and in 2021 in Ulster County.[2]


Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Gilieae — Gilia
Genus Gilia Gilia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Benth.
ssp. achilleifolia

1833. Gilia achilleifolia Benth.
California gilia,
Blue gilia
Introduced from
 California,
N. America native,
Impersistent,
SNA

Annual,
Herb-forb
Kings (1880)
NYFA: Xm

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Genus Gilia (excluded taxa) Gilia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Sims

1826. Gilia capitata Sims
1891. Navarretia capitata (Sims) Kuntze
Bluehead gilia ...
Gillyflower ...
Field gilia ...
Introduced,
N. America native,
Excluded
Nassau (2020),
Ulster (2021)
NYFA-Excluded

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Tribe Loeselieae[edit | edit source]

Ipomopsis[edit | edit source]
Ipomopsis rubra

Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Loeselieae — Ipomopsis
Genus Ipomopsis (excluded taxa) Ipomopsis N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Wherry

1753. Polemonium rubrum L.
1891. Navarretia rubra (L.) Kuntze
1895. Gilia rubra (L.) Heller
1936. Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry
Red standing-cypress
Standing-cypress
N. America native
 southern U.S.,
N.Y. excluded
excluded
NYFA-Excluded

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Family Ebenaceae[edit | edit source]

The Ebenaceae (ebony family) is primarily a tropical and warmer-temperate family of trees and shrubs. Its only species reported outside of cultivation in New York is the American persimmon tree, which consists mainly of escapes from cultivation. It is believed that the only native persimmon trees in the state are on Staten Island (Richmond County) and Long Island (Nassau and Suffolk Counties).[1][2]
  1. Ebenaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Ebenaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Subfamily Ebenoideae[edit | edit source]

Diospyros[edit | edit source]

American Persimmons (Diospyros virginiana) in Tampa, Florida
Diospyros is primarily a tropical genus of trees, known generally as ebony, but Diospyros virginiana (persimmon) is native to the central and eastern United States, including New York.

In New York State, the only known native persimmon populations are in New York City and Long Island. Most of the naturalized trees in the state are assumed to be garden escapes. [1]

The genus name Diospyros was derived from the Greek dios (divine) and pyros (wheat or grain) in reference to the tree's "divine fruit."


Ericales — Ebenaceae — Ebenoideae — Diospyros
Genus Diospyros Persimmon N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Diospyros virginiana  L.
1921. Diospyros mosieri  Small (i)
1921. Diospyros virginiana  var. mosieri  (Small) Sarg. (i)
Persimmon,
Common persimmon,
American persimmon
Plaqueminier d'Amérique
Native, CoC: 8,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

FAC

Perennial,
Tree,
Sun - part shade

NYFA: 2
NYFA: 8 counties
iNat
12 counties

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Family Primulaceae[edit | edit source]

The Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh. (primrose family).[1] Note that this family does not include evening primroses (Oenothera), which are in the Onagraceae (evening primrose or willowherb family) in the order Myrtales.

The classification used here for Primulaceae is based primariliy on P. F. Stevens (2001-2015). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, April 2015.


  1. Primulaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Primulaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Subfamily Theophrastoideae[edit | edit source]

The Theophrastoideae (brookweeds &&) ...

Tribe Samoleae[edit | edit source]

The Samoleae (brookweeds) ...

Samolus[edit | edit source]
Samolus valerandi flowers
The native Samolus valerandi (Water pimpernel) is the only species of the genus Samolus reported in the wild in New York.
Ericales — Primulaceae — Theophrastoideae — Samoleae — Samolus
Genus Samolus Brookweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Samolus valerandi L.
1818-1. S. parviflorus Raf.
1818-2. S. floribundus Kunth
1825. S. americanus Spreng.
1971. S. valerandi  ssp. parviflorus  Hultén
Water pimpernel
Brookweed
Seaside brookweed ...
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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Subfamily Primuloideae[edit | edit source]

Primula[edit | edit source]

Primula subg. Aleuritia[edit | edit source]
Lake Mistassini primrose, photographed in Wisconsin
The only native species of Primula subg. Aleuritia is Lake Mistassini primrose or bird's eye primrose. Lake Mistassini is the largest natural lake in Quebec. Mistassini primrose is rare this far south. It is considered threatened in New York, where it is found only on cool wet cliff faces.[1]

The only non-native member of subg. Aleuritia reported to have naturalized in New York is Japanese primrose, which has been found in Onondaga and Otsego counties.


Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Primula subg. Aleuritia
Genus Primulasubg. Aleuritiasect. Aleuritia Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Michx.

1803. Primula mistassinica Michx.
1888. Primula farinosa  var. mistassinica  (Michx.) Pax
1894. Primula sibirica  var. mistassinica  (Michx.) Kurtz
1905. Primula farinosa  ssp. mistassinica  (Michx.) Pax
1928. Primula intercedens Fernald
1928. Primula mistassinica  var. intercedens  Fernald
1966. Primula mistassinica  var. intercedens  B.Boivin
Lake Mistassini primrose ...
Bird's-eye primrose ...
Mistassini primrose ...
Dwarf Canadian primrose ...

Primevère du lac Mistassini ...
Primevère de Mistassini ...
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Shade

NYFA: 2

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Genus Primulasubg. Aleuritiasect. Proliferae Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 A.Gray

1858. Primula japonica A.Gray
1980. Aleuritia japonica (A.Gray) Soják
Japanese primrose
Primevère du Japon
Introduced from
 Japan,
Highly invasive,
Naturalized

NYFA: X
NYFA: 2 counties
GBIF
6 counties

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Primula subg. Primula[edit | edit source]
Primula veris - cowslip

Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Primula subg. Primula
Genus Primulasubg. Primulasect. Primula Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Primula veris L.
1765. Primula officinalis (L.) Hill
Cowslip,
Cowslip primrose
Primevère officinale
Introduced from
 Europe,
 temperate w. Asia,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

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Genus Primulasubg. Primulasect. Primula (excluded taxa) Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Mill.

Primula veris ×
Primula vulgaris

Elatior hybrid primrose,
False oxlip
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded,
Only cultivated

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-XX
VASCAN
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Primula subg. Auriculastrum[edit | edit source]
Primula meadia (L.) A.R.Mast & Reveal
sooting star
Based on molecular evidence, A. R. Mast & Reveal, in 2006, transferred the 17 species of genus Dodecatheon (the sooting stars) to a new sect. Dodecatheon in Primula subg. Auriculastrum.[1] The transfer included the only (and impersistent) New York native, Primula meadia (Eastern shooting star). The shooting stars are still listed in genus Dodecatheon by many sources.

The New York Natural Heritage Program Rare Plant Status List - Active Inventory List listed

  • in 2004: Dodecatheon meadia ssp. meadia (Shooting-star) STEU-X G5T5 SX U[2]
  • in 2022: Primula meadia (Eastern Shooting Star) STEU-X G5 SX U[3]

Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Primula subg. Auriculastrum
Genus Primulasubg. Auriculastrumsect. Dodecatheon Shooting-star N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) A.R.Mast & Reveal

1753. Dodecatheon meadia  L.
1768. Meadia dodecatheon  Mill.
1818. Dodecatheon angustifolium  Raf.
1903. Dodecatheon hugeri  Small
1903. Dodecatheon brachycarpum  Small
2007. Primula meadia  A.R.Mast & Reveal
Eastern shooting star,
Shooting star,
Pride of Ohio,
American cowslip,
Mead's shootingstar
Gyroselle de Virginie
Native, CoC: 10,
Extirpated,
SX

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Z
NYFA: Steuben (no date)
iNat
10 counties

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Hottonia[edit | edit source]

Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Hottonia
Genus Hottonia Hottonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Elliott 1817

American featherfoil,
Featherfoil,
Hottonie enflée
Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 2

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Androsace[edit | edit source]

Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Androsace
Genus Androsace Rock jasmine N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Androsace,
Greater rock-jasmine,
Pussy-toes
Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-X0
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Subfamily Myrsinoideae[edit | edit source]

The Myrsinoideae subfamily has previously been grouped into its own family (Myrsinaceae). It contains about 35 genera worldwide, but of those, only Lysimachia is known to be native or naturlized in New York. The genera Anagallis and Trientalis are now treated as part of Lysimachia.[1]

Lysimachia[edit | edit source]

The grouping used here for genus Lysimachia is based on Anderberg (2007).[1]
Lysimachia subg. Trientalis[edit | edit source]
Lysimachia borealis
Based on phylogenetic research, members of the genus Trientalis (starflowers) were transferred to this subgenus in 2009 by U. Manns & A. A. Anderberg.[1]
  1. U. Manns & A. A. Anderberg (2009). "New combinations and names in Lysimachia (Myrsinaceae) for species of Anagallis, Pelletiera and Trientalis." Willdenowia 39:51. [Trientalis borealis Raf. = Lysimachia borealis (Raf.) U.Manns & Anderb., comb. nov.].
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia subg. Trientalis
Genus Lysimachiasubg. Trientalis Starflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Raf.) U.Manns & Anderb.

1803. Trientalis europaea  Michx non L. 1753
1805. Trientalis europaea  var. americana  Pers.
1808. Trientalis borealis  Raf.
1813. Trientalis americana  Pursh
1872. Lysimachia trientalis  var. americana  (Pursh) Klatt
1924. Trientalis borealis  var. tenuifolia  House
2009. Lysimachia borealis  (Raf.) U.Manns & Anderb.
Northern starflower Native, CoC: 6,
Secure,
S5 G5

FAC

NYFA: 49 counties
iNat

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Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group A[edit | edit source]
Lysimachia hybrida
at Alley Park in Queens
photographed by Zihao Wang
Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group A contains the two New-World sections: [1]
  • Sect. Seleucia (Lysimachia ciliata, L. quadriflora and L. hybrida)
  • Sect. Theopyxis (Lysimachia andina, a South American species).

The New York species of group A are in sect. Seleucia.


Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia
Genus Lysimachiasubg. Lysimachiasect. Seleucia Yellow-loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Lysimachia ciliata L.
1843. Steironema ciliatum  (L.) Baudo
1891. Nummularia ciliata  (L.) Kuntze
Fringed loosestrife,
Fringed yellow loosestrife,
Ciliate loosestrife
Lysimaque ciliée,
Lysimaque fimbriée,
Stéironéma cilié
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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Michx.

1788. Lysimachia ciliata  Walter non L. (nom. illeg)
1803. Lysimachia hybrida Michx.
1860. Lysimachia ciliata  var. hybrida  (Michx.) Chapm.
1876. Lysimachia lanceolata  var. hybrida  (Michx.) A.Gray
1877. Steironema lanceolatum  (Walter) A.Gray (misapplied)
1877. Steironema lanceolatum  var. hybridum  (Michx.) A.Gray
1901. Steironema laevigatum  Howell
1903. Steironema hybridum  (Michx.) Raf. ex Small
1913. Steironema validulum  Greene ex Wooton & Standl.
1939. Lysimachia ciliata  var. validula  Kearney & Peebles
Lowland loosestrife ...
Lance-leaved loosestrife
Lowland yellow loosestrife
Mississippi loosestrife
Swamp candles

Lysimaque hybride
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
S1, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 1
NYFA: 11 counties
iNat
2 counties

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Sims

1803. Lysimachia quadriflora Sims
1813. Lysimachia longifolia  Pursh
1892. Steironema quadriflorum  (Sims) C.L.Hitchc.
1913. Nummularia quadriflora  (Sims) Farw.
Linear-leaved loosestrife,
Linear-leaf loosestrife,
Four-flowered loosestrife,
Fourflower yellow loosestrife,
Linear-leaf loosestrife
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
S1, G5?

OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 1
NYFA: Erie, Niagara
iNat
No observations

USDA-NN
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Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group B[edit | edit source]
Lysimachia nummularia  L. - moneywort or creeping Jenny
Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group B contains two members of sect. Nummularia, which are introduced species that are listed as moderately invasive in New York: Lysimachia nummularia (moneywort or creeping Jenny), and Lysimachia punctata (spotted loosestrife).
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia
Genus Lysimachiasubg. Lysimachiasect. Nummularia Yellow-loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Lysimachia nummularia L.
Moneywort
Creeping Jenny
Creeping loosestrife
Creeping yellow loosestrife

Lysimaque nummulaire ...
Herbe-aux-écus ...
Monnayère ...
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
 NYIS: 64%[1]

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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 L.

1753. Lysimachia punctata L.
    L. punctatavar. verticillata Klatt
Spotted loosestrife,
Large yellow loosestrife
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
 NYIS: 57%[2]

NYFA: X

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Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group C[edit | edit source]
Blue form of Lysimachia arvensis
Based on phylogenetic research, Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) was transferred to this subgenus in 2009 by U. Manns & A. A. Anderberg.[1]
  1. U. Manns & A. A. Anderberg (2009). "New combinations and names in Lysimachia (Myrsinaceae) for species of Anagallis, Pelletiera and Trientalis." Willdenowia 39:51. [Anagallis arvensis L. = Lysimachia arvensis (Raf.) U.Manns & Anderb., comb. nov.].
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia
Genus Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia Pimpernel N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY /NPT
 (L.) U.Manns & Anderb.

1753. Anagallis arvensis  L.
1759. Anagallis caerulea  L.
1764. Anagallis arvensis  var. caerulea  (L.) Gouan
1927. Anagallis arvensis  f. caerulea  (L.) Lüdi
2009. Lysimachia arvensis  (L.) U.Manns & Anderb.
Scarlet pimpernel,
Poor-man's weatherglass,
Shepherd's clock,
Scarlet yellow-loosestrife,
Common pimpernel
Mouron rouge,
Mouron des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [1],
 USGS: L48 established

FACU-UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X
GBIF

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Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group E[edit | edit source]
Lysimachia terrestris
Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group E
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia
Genus Lysimachiasubg. Lysimachiasect. Lysimachia Yellow-loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1753. Viscum terrestre  L.
1788. Lysimachia vulgaris  Walter (sensu auct)
1789. Lysimachia stricta  Aiton
1789. Lysimachia bulbifera  Curtis
1792. Lysimachia racemosa  Lam.
1836. Lysimachia michauxii  F.Dietr.
1888. Lysimachia terrestris  (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
1922. Lysimachia terrestris  var. ovata  (E.L.Rand & Redfield) Fernald
Swamp candles,
Swamp loosestrife,
Swamp yellow loosestrife,
Bog loosestrife,
Bulblet loosestrife,
Earth loosestrife,
Lake loosestrife
Lysimaque terrestre
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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L.

1753. Lysimachia quadrifolia  L.
1777. Anagallis flava  Houtt.
1788. Lysimachia punctata  Walter
1803. Lysimachia hirsuta  Michx.
1894. Lysimachia quadrifolia  var. variegata  Peck
1924. Lysimachia quadrifolia  f. variegata  (Peck) House
Whorled loosestrife Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 L. (1753)

    Naumburgia thyrsiflora (L.) Duby
Tufted loosestrife,
Tufted yellow loosestrife,
Water loosestrife,
Swamp loosestrife,
Lysimaque thyrsiflore
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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 Fernald

Lysimachia terrestris ×
Lysimachia thyrsiflora

Hybrid of
 Swamp loosestrife &
 Tufted loosestrife
Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 2?

Images
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 (A. Gray) Fernald (pro sp.)

Lysimachia quadrifolia ×
Lysimachia terrestris

Hybrid of
 Whorled loosestrife &
 Swamp loosestrife
Native,
Vulnerable

NYFA: 3?

Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Lysimachia vulgaris L.
Garden loosestrife,
Garden yellow loosestrife
Lysimaque commune
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS: 73%[1],
Prohibited[2]

NYFA: X

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  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLysimachia vulgaris: Moderate (73). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
Lysimachia subg. Palladia + Lysimachiopsis[edit | edit source]
Lysimachia clethroides
The Lysimachia subgenera Palladia and Lysimachiopsis together are thought to form a clade but may be paraphyletic with each other.[1] The only New York species of this group appears to be the Asian introducion Lysimachia clethroides (goose-neck loosestrife).
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia subg. Palladia + Lysimachiopsis
Genus Lysimachiasubg. Palladia + Lysimachiopsis Loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Duby

1844. Lysimachia clethroides Duby
Goose-neck loosestrife ...
Gooseneck loosestrife ...
Gooseneck yellow loosestrife ...

Lysimaque faux-clèthre ...
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Potentially invasive,
 NYIS: not assessed[1]

NYFA: Xm
NYFA: 6 counties
iNat
GBIF
9+ counties

USDA-XX
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Family Symplocaceae[edit | edit source]

The Symplocaceae (sweetleaf family).[1]

Symplocos[edit | edit source]

Symplocos paniculata
Sweetleaf.
  1. Symplocaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
Ericales — Symplocaceae — Symplocos
Genus Symplocos Sweetleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) L'Hér.

1767. Hopea tinctoria L.
1791. Symplocos tinctoria (L.) L'Hér.
1879. Protohopea tinctoria (L.) Miers
1891. Eugeniodes tinctorium (L.) Kuntze
Sweetleaf ...
Sweet-leaf
Common sweetleaf
Horsesugar ...
Horse-sugar
Introduced,
US South native

NYFA: X
NYFA: Suffolk
iNat
Cultivated NYC

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 (Thunb.) Miq.

1784. Prunus paniculata Thunb.
1867. Symplocos paniculata (Thunb.) Miq.
Sapphire berry
Sapphire-berry ...
Asiatic sweetleaf
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS Tier: 2,
 USGS: L48 established

NYFA: X
NYFA: Nassau county
iNat
GBIF
4 counties

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Family Styracaceae[edit | edit source]

The Styracaceae (snowbell family) [1] contains snowbells and silverbell trees.
  1. Styracaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Styracaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Halesia[edit | edit source]

Halesia carolina

Ericales — Styracaceae — Halesia
Genus Halesia Silverbell N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1759. Halesia carolina L.
1761. Halesia tetraptera J.Ellis
1803. Halesia parviflora Michx.
1914. Halesia carolinavar. monticola Rehder
1921. Halesia monticola (Rehder) Sarg.
Silver bells,
Possomwood,
Carolina silverbell
Introduced,
US South native

Perennial,
Tree

NYFA: X

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Styrax[edit | edit source]

Ericales — Styracaceae — Styrax
Genus Styrax Snowbell N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Lam.

1783. Styrax americanus Lam.
1803. Styrax pulverulentus Michx.
1917. Styrax americanus
var. pulverulentus Rehder
American snowbell,
Mock orange
Introduced,
US South native,
Cultivated

NYFA: 0

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 Sieb. & Zucc.

Japanese snowbell,
Japanese storax
Introduced

NYFA: X
NYFA: 2 counties
GBIF
6 counties

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Family Diapensiaceae[edit | edit source]

The Diapensiaceae (diapensia family).[1]

Diapensia[edit | edit source]

Ericales — Diapensiaceae — Diapensia
Genus Diapensia Diapensia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. lapponica

    
    
    
Lapland diapensia,
Pincushion plant
Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 2

USDA-
Images
Wikispecies
  1. Diapensiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Diapensiaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Galax[edit | edit source]

Galax urceolata
beetleweed
Galax (beetleweed) is an eastern North America native, but is considered to be an introduction in the Northeast. It is cultivated as a "native" groundcover and may persist as an escapee on Long Island, but is not considered to be truly naturalized in New York State.
Ericales — Diapensiaceae — Galax
Genus Galax Galax N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Poir.) Brummitt

 auct. Galax aphyllanon L.
Beetleweed Introduced,
US South native,
Not naturalized,
Nassau, Suffolk Counties

NYFA: X

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Pyxidanthera[edit | edit source]

Pyxidanthera barbulata
pyxie moss
Both species of Pyxidanthera (pixie moss) are rare natives of the east coast. The smaller P. brevifolia (little-leaf pixiemoss) is only found in the Carolinas, but the larger P. barbulata (flowering pixiemoss) can be found as far north as Long Island, where it is considered endangered.
Ericales — Diapensiaceae — Pyxidanthera
Genus Pyxidanthera Pyxie moss N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
Common pyxiemoss,
Flowering moss,
Flowering pixiemoss,
Big pyxie,
Pyxies
Native, CoC: 6,
Endangered,
Suffolk County only

Perennial,
Herb-subshrub

NYFA: 1

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Family Sarraceniaceae[edit | edit source]

The Sarraceniaceae (pitcher-plant family) are carnivorous plants, consisting of three New-World genera. The largest genus, Heliamphora, is endemic to South America, and the monospecific Darlingtonia is native to the West Coast of the U.S. The third genus, Sarracenia, with about eight species, is native to eastern North America.[1]
  1. Sarraceniaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Sarracenia[edit | edit source]

Sarracenia purpurea
purple pitcher-plant
The most widespread and only cold-tolerant species of Sarracenia is Sarracenia purpurea (the purple pitcher plant). Of its two subspecies, S. purpurea ssp. venosa is only found south of New York, but S. purpurea ssp. purpurea is fairly widespread in New York peatlands as well as farther north.
Ericales — Sarraceniaceae — Sarracenia
Genus Sarracenia Pitcher plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. purpurea

1753. Sarracenia purpurea L.
1827. S. purpureavar. terrae-novae
1933. S. purpureassp. gibbosa
1933. S. purpureavar. stolonifera
1951. S. purpureavar. ripicola
Purple pitcher-plant,
Northern pitcher-plant,
Side-saddle plant,
Common pitcherplant,
Huntsman's-cup,
Huntsman's horn,
Decumbent pitcher plant,
Frog's-britches
Sarracénie pourpre
Native, CoC: 9,
Vulnerable

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun

NYFA: 3-4

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Family Actinidiaceae[edit | edit source]

The Actinidiaceae (Chinese gooseberry family) has only two species that have been found outside of cultivation in New York. Only one of these are considered to be naturalized.[1]
  1. Actinidiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Actinidia[edit | edit source]

Actinidia arguta
taravine or hardy kiwi

Ericales — Actinidiaceae — Actinidioideae — Actinidia
Genus Actinidia Kiwifruit N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq.

1867. Actinidia arguta (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq.
Hardy kiwi ...
Baby kiwi ...
Tara vine ...
Taravine ...
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS Tier: 2,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [2],
Naturalized

NYFA: Xn
NYFA: Westchester (2013)
2 counties

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(Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Maxim.

1843. Trochostigma polygamum Siebold & Zucc.
1859. Actinidia polygama (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Maxim.
    
Silver vine,
Cat powder,
Matatabi
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
Not naturalized

NYFA: X

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Family Clethraceae[edit | edit source]

The Clethraceae (clethra family)[1] contains just two species, only one of which (Clethra) is found in New York.
  1. Clethraceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Clethra[edit | edit source]

Clethra alnifolia
Clethra contains two North American species:
  • Clethra acuminata, mountain pepperbush, is limited to the Appalachians from Alabama to southern Pennsylvania, and has not been known to naturalize as far north as New York State.
  • Clethra alnifolia, coastal sweet pepperbush, is found primarily along the East Coast, including parts of New York, particularly in wet acidic environments.

Clethra alnifolia cultivars are available and are usually either more compact than the wild form or have pink flowers.[1]


Ericales — Clethraceae — Clethra
Genus Clethra Sweetpepperbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Clethra alnifolia  L.
1786. Clethra tomentosa  Lam.
1789. Clethra paniculata  Aiton
1803. Clethra alnifolia  var. tomentosa  Michx.
1803. Clethra alnifolia  var. glabella  Michx.
1900. Clethra alnifolia  var. paniculata  Rehder
1903. Clethra alnifolia  var. michauxii  Zabel
Coastal sweet-pepperbush,
Coast pepperbush,
Sweet Pepperbush,
Summersweet,
Summersweet clethra,
Pink spires (cv.),
Anne Bidwell (cv.)
Clèthre à feuilles d'aulne
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - shade

NYFA: 5

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Family Ericaceae[edit | edit source]

The Ericaceae (heath family).[1][2]
  1. Ericaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Ericaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
  2. The subfamily (and tribal) organization used here is from of James L. Reveal (2012) An outline of a classification scheme for extant flowering plants. Phytoneuron 2012–37: 1–221.

Subfamily Pyroloideae[edit | edit source]

The subfamily Pyroloideae Kosteltsky. Perennial herbs, rhizomatous.

Tribe Pyroleae[edit | edit source]

The native New York Pyroleae consist of about nine species of "wintergreen" or "shineleaf" plants. The organization of the Pyroleae used here is based primarily on Liu (2011).[1]
Orthilia[edit | edit source]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Pyroloideae — Pyroleae — Orthilia
Genus Orthilia Orthilia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) House

1753. Pyrola secunda L.
1858. Ramischia secunda (L.) Garcke
1914. Ramischia elatior Rydb.
1921. Orthilia secunda (L.) House
One-sided wintergreen,
Sidebells wintergreen
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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Pyrola[edit | edit source]
Pyrola (wintergreen) photos from the 1918 Wild Flowers of New York
New York Pyrola species go by the various colloquial names: wintergreen, shinleaf, or sometimes shineleaf.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Pyroloideae — Pyroleae — Pyrola
Genus Pyrola Wintergreen N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Sweet

1830. Pyrola americana Sweet
1844. Pyrola obovata Bertol.
 auct. Pyrola rotundifolia p.p. non L.
1920. Pyrola rotundifolia  var. americana  Fernald
1966. Pyrola asarifolia  ssp. americana  Křísa
American wintergreen
American shinleaf
Wild lily-of-the-valley
Round-leaved shineleaf
Round-leaved wintergreen

Pyrole d'Amérique
Pyrole à feuilles rondes
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 Sw.

1810. Pyrola chlorantha Sw.
1811. Pyrola virens Schweigg.
1867. Pyrola oxypetala Austin ex A. Gray
1920. Pyrola chlorantha  var. convoluta  (W.P.C. Barton) Fernald
1920. Pyrola chlorantha  var. paucifolia  Fernald
1920. Pyrola chlorantha  var. revoluta  Jenn.
1941. Pyrola virens  var. convoluta  (W.P.C. Barton) Fernald
1941. Pyrola virens  var. saximontana  (Fernald) Fernald
Green-flowered wintergreen,
Green-flowered shineleaf,
Greenish-flowered wintergreen,
Pale-green wintergreen
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 Nutt.

Shinleaf,
Waxflower shinleaf,
Large-leaved shineleaf,
Elliptic shineleaf
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 Michx.
ssp. asarifolia

yyyy. Pyrola californica Krísa
yyyy. Pyrola elata Nutt.
yyyy. Pyrola uliginosa Torr. & A. Gray ex Torr.
yyyy. Pyrola uliginosa  var. gracilis  Jennings
yyyy. Pyrola asarifolia  var. asarifolia  {{{5}}}
yyyy. Pyrola asarifolia  var. incarnata  (DC.) Fernald
yyyy. Pyrola asarifolia  var. ovata  Farw.
yyyy. Pyrola asarifolia  var. purpurea  (Bunge)Fernald
yyyy. Pyrola rotundifolia  ssp. asarifolia  (Michx.) Á. Löve & D. Löve
Pink shinleaf ...
Pink wintergreen ...
Bog wintergreen ...
Liverleaf wintergreen ...
Pink pyrola ...

Pyrole à feuilles d'asaret ...
Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 2

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 L.

Snowline wintergreen,
Lesser wintergreen
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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Moneses[edit | edit source]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Pyroloideae — Pyroleae — Moneses
Genus Moneses Single-delight N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) A.Gray

    Pyrola uniflora L.
One-flowered wintergreen Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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Chimaphila[edit | edit source]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Pyroloideae — Pyroleae — Chimaphila
Genus Chimaphila Prince's-pine N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) W.P.C.Barton

1753. Pyrola umbellata L.
1817. Chimaphila umbellata W.P.C.Barton
1891. Pseva umbellata (L.) Kuntze
Common wintergreen,
Pipsissewa,
Noble prince's-pine
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (L.) Pursh

Spotted wintergreen,
Striped prince's pine
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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Subfamily Monotropoideae[edit | edit source]

The subfamily Monotropoideae consists exclusively of taxa which are both herbaceous and achlorophyllous. Because they are symbiotic with mycorrhizal fungi and a photosynthetic host, these taxa are known as mycoheterotrophs.[1]

Tribe Monotropeae[edit | edit source]

Monotropeae are mycotrophs, which are parasitic plants that obtain their nutrients trough fungi instead photosynthesis.

Monotropa[edit | edit source]
Monotropa
Ericales — Ericaceae — Monotropoideae — Monotropeae — Monotropa
Genus Monotropa Indianpipe N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Monotropa uniflora L.
1927. Monotropa brittonii Small
Indian-pipe,
One-flowered Indian pipe,
Ghost pipe,
Convulsion root
Monotrope uniflore,
Monotrope à une fleur
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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Hypopitys[edit | edit source]
Hypopitys monotropa - pinesap
Hypopitys is often included in Monotropa (above).[1]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Monotropoideae — Monotropeae — Hypopitys
Genus Hypopitys Pinesap N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Crantz

1753. Monotropa hypopitys L.
1766. Hypopitys monotropa Crantz
1772. Hypopitys multiflora Scop.
1803. Monotropa lanuginosa Michx.
1810. Hypopitys lanuginosa (Michx.) Raf.
1843. Hypopitys americana (DC.) Small
1894. Hypopitys hypopitys (L.) Small taut.
1897. Hypopitys multiflora (Scop.) Fritsch
1901. Hypopitys fimbriata (A.Gray) Howell
1910. M. hypopitysvar. lanuginosa Purah.
Pinesap,
American pinesap,
Yellow pinesap,
Yellow bird's-nest,
False beechdrops
Monotrope du pin,
Monotrope à grappe
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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(Michx.) Raf.

1803. Monotropa lanuginosa Michx.
1810. Hypopitys lanuginosa (Michx.) Raf.
1818. H. lanuginosa (Michx.) Nutt. isonym
1910. Monotropa hypopitys  ssp. lanuginosa  (Michx.) Purah.
1956. Monotropa hypopitys  ssp. lanuginosa  (Michx.) H.Hara
Red pinesap
hairy pine-sap

Native, CoC: 8,
Unranked

NYFA: Nu

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Tribe Pterosporeae[edit | edit source]

Pterospora[edit | edit source]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Monotropoideae — Pterosporeae — Pterospora
Genus Pterospora Pinedrops N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Nutt.

    
    
    
Pinedrops,
Pine-drops,
Woodland pinedrops,
Giant pinedrops,
Giant birds's-nest,
Albany beechdrops
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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Subfamily Arbutoideae[edit | edit source]

Arctostaphylos[edit | edit source]

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
bearberry or kinnikinnick
Bearberry is a trailing evergreen shrub, native to rocky and sandy upland parts of the Northern Hemisphere, including suitable parts of New York State.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Arbutoideae — Arctostaphylos
Genus Arctostaphylos Manzanita N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Spreng.

1753. Arbutus uva-ursi L.
1812. Arbutus buxifolia Stokes
1813. Mairania uva-ursi (L.) Desv.
1821. Uva-ursi buxifolia (Stokes) Gray
1825. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng.
1913. Uva-ursi uva-ursi (L.) Britton taut.
Red bearberry,
Kinnikinnick,
Pinemat manzanita,
Mealberry,
Hog cranberry
Raisin d’ours,
Arctostaphyle raisin-d'ours,
Busserole
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Shrub-subshrub,
Sun - shade
Alba Bron Clin Colu Dutc Erie Esse Fran Fult Gene Gree Hami Jeff Lewi Nass Niag Onei Onta Oran Oswe Putn Quee Rens Rich Rock Stla Steu Suff Tomp Ulst Warr Wash
NYFA: 5

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Subfamily Harrimanelloideae[edit | edit source]

Harrimanella[edit | edit source]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Harrimanelloideae — Harrimanella
Genus Harrimanella Harrimanella N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Coville

    
    
    
Moss bell-heather Native,
Likely extirpated

NYFA: Z

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Subfamily Ericoideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Phyllodoceae[edit | edit source]

Epigaea[edit | edit source]
Epigaea repens L.
trailing arbutus
Epigaea contains three species, only one of which, trailing arbutus (Epigaea repens), is native to the New World. It is a low shrub/subshrub found in acidic upland hemlock-hardwood forests and forest edges through much of eastern North America. It flowers in early spring and does well in disturbed sites such as logging roads. Trailing arbutus is the state plant of Massachusetts.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Phyllodoceae — Epigaea
Genus Epigaea Trailing-arbutus N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 L.

1753. Epigaea repens L.
1837. Epigaea repens  var. rubicunda  D.Don
1939. Epigaea repens  var. glabrifolia  Fernald
Trailing arbutus ...
Trailing-arbutus ...
Mayflower ...
Creeping mayflower ...
Gravelroot ...
Ground laurel ...

Épigée rampante ...
Épigée fleur-de-mai ...
Fleur de mai ...
Native, CoC: 7,
Likely secure,
S4, G5

NYFA: 4
iNat

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Kalmia[edit | edit source]
Sheep-laurel (Kalmia angustifolia)
Kalmia (laurel) is a North American genus with about 10 species, four of which are considered to be native to New York.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Phyllodoceae — Kalmia
Genus Kalmia Laurel N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. angustifolia

Sheep-laurel,
Sheep-kill
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 L.

Mountain laurel Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 Wang.

Pale laurel,
Bog laurel
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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    Loiseleuria procumbens (L.) Desv.
Alpine azalea Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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Genus Kalmia (excluded taxa) Laurel N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Bergius) Gift & Kron 2008

1777. Ledum buxifolium Bergius
1813. Dendrium buxifolium Desv.
1817. Leiophyllum buxifolium Elliott
[1]
1839. Leiophyllum lyonii Sweet
1901. Leiophyllum hugeri (Small) K. Schum.
Sandmyrtle,
Sand-myrtle
N. America native
 southern U. S.,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

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  1. NYFA and NRCS both list Kalmia buxifolia as Leiophyllum buxifolium (Berg) Elliott. ITIS, GRIN and Flora of North America, place it in Kalmia.

Tribe Ericeae[edit | edit source]

Calluna[edit | edit source]
Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull
heather
Calluna is a monotypic plant genus whose sole species is Calluna vulgaris or heather, an Old-World plant.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Ericeae — Calluna
Genus Calluna Heather N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Hull

1753. Erica vulgaris L.
1808. Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull
1906. Ericoides vulgaris (L.) Merino
Heather,
Scotch heather,
Scots heather,
Common heather,
Ling
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized

FAC

Perennial,
Shrub

NYFA: X

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Tribe Rhodoreae[edit | edit source]

Rhododendron[edit | edit source]
Rhododendron subg. Hymenanthes sect. Pentanthera[edit | edit source]
Rhododendron periclymenoides
pinxter flower
Rhododendron sect. Pentanthera contains the azaleas, three of which are native to New York.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Rhodoreae — Rhododendron
Genus Rhododendronsubg. Hymenanthessect. Pentanthera Azalea N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Small) Millais

1914. Azalea prinophylla Small
1917. R. prinophyllum (Small) Millais
1921. R. roseum (Loisel.) Rehder superfl.
1924. R. nudiflorum  var. roseum  (Loisel.) Wiegand
Early azalea ...
Roseshell azalea ...
Woolly azalea ...
Election-pink ...
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Shrub,
Shade

NYFA: 5

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 (Michx.) Shinners

1762. Azalea nudiflora L. illeg.
1803. A. periclymenoides Michx.
1824. R. nudiflorum (L.) Torr. illeg.
1941. R. nudiflorum  f. glandiferum  (Porter) Fernald
1962. R. periclymenoides (Michx.) Shinners
Pinxter flower ...
Pinxter-flower ...
Pinkster
Pink azalea
Election-pink ...
Pinxterbloom azalea ...
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Shrub

NYFA: 5

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 (L.) Torr.

1753. Azalea serrulata Small
    Azalea viscosa L.
1824. R. viscosum (L.) Torr.
    R. serrulatum (Small) Millais
Swamp azalea
Clammy azalea
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (Michx.) Torrey

Flame azalea Introduced from
 southeastern US,
N. America native

NYFA: X

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Genus Rhododendronsubg. Hymenanthessect. Pentanthera (excluded taxa) Azalea N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Pursh) Torr.

1813. Azalea arborescens Pursh
1824. R. arborescens (Pursh) Torr.
Smooth azalea
Sweet Azalea
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

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Note: 1986[1]
 (Michx.) Sweet

1803. Azalea canescens Michx.
1830. R. canescens (Michx.) Sweet
1900. Azalea nudiflora  var. canescens  Rehder in L.H.Bailey
1901. Azalea candida Small
1916. R. candidum (Small) Rehder
1921. R. canescens  var. candidum  (Small) Rehder
Mountain azalea ...
Hoary azalea ...
Wild azalea
Honeysuckle azalea
Piedmont azalea ...
Sweet azalea
Southern pinxterflower ...
Sweet-Florida pinxter ...
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

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Note: 1918[2]
  1. 1986: Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany.
  2. 1918: Homer D. House, New York State Botanist, Wild Flowers of New York, Vol 2, page 201, "Mountain or Hoary Azalea, Azalea canescens Michaux ... eastern and southern New York...." This appears to be a misidentification of the similar species Rhododendron periclymenoides, which is common in that range.
Rhododendron subg. Hymenanthes sect. Rhodora[edit | edit source]
Rhododendron canadense
rhodora
Rhododendron sect. Rhodora contains the single species Rhododendron canadense (rhodora), which is native to northeastern North America.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Rhodoreae — Rhododendron
Genus Rhododendronsubg. Hymenanthessect. Rhodora Rhodora N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Torr.

1762. Rhodora canadensis L.
1841. Rhododendron canadense (L.) Torr.
1891. Azalea canadensis (L.) Kuntze
Rhodora ...
Canada rosebay ...
Canada rhododendron ...
Canadian rhododendron ...

Rhododendron du Canada ...
Rhodora ...
Rhodora du Canada ...
Native, CoC: 9,
Threatened

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub

NYFA: 2

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Rhododendron subg. Hymenanthes sect. Pontica[edit | edit source]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Rhodoreae — Rhododendron
Genus Rhododendronsubg. Hymenanthessect. Pontica Rhododendron N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Rhododendron maximum L.
1935. Rhododendron ashleyi Coker
1943. Hymenanthes maxima (L.) H.F.Copel.
Great rosebay ...
Great laurel ...
Great rhododendron ...
Rose bay ...
Wild rhododendron
Rosebay rhododendron
Native, CoC: 9,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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Rhododendron subg. Rhododendron sect. Rhododendron[edit | edit source]
Rhododendron lapponicum
Lapland rosebay
Rhododendron sect. Rhododendron contains the two New York natives Labrador tea (R. groenlandicum) and Lapland rosebay (R. lapponicum).
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Rhodoreae — Rhododendron
Genus Rhododendronsubg. Rhododendronsect. Rhododendronsubsect. Ledum Rhododendron N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Oeder) Kron & Judd

1771. Ledum groenlandicum Oeder
    Ledum palustre L.
1990. Rhododendron groenlandicum
(Oeder) Kron & Judd
Labrador tea,
Bog Labrador tea,
Common Labrador tea
Native, CoC: 9,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4-5

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Genus Rhododendronsubg. Rhododendronsect. Rhododendronsubsect. Lapponica Rhododendron N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Wahlenb.

    Azalea lapponica L.
Lapland rosebay,
Lapland azalea
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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Subfamily Empetroideae[edit | edit source]

Empetroideae Sweet, Hort. Brit.: 491. Sep–Oct 1826.

Tribe Empetreae[edit | edit source]

Empetreae Horan., Char. Ess. Fam.: 109. 17 Jun 1847.

Empetrum[edit | edit source]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Empetroideae — Empetreae — Empetrum
Genus Empetrum Crowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Empetrum nigrum L.
1913. E. eamesiissp. hermaphroditum
1927. E. hermaphroditum Lange ex Hagerup
1933. E. nigrumvar. hermaphroditum
1952. E. nigrumssp. hermaphroditum
Black crowberry,
Crakeberry,
Curlew-berry
Camarine noire
Native,
Rare

NYFA: 3

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 Fernald & Wiegand

1913. E. atropurpureum Fernald & Wiegand
1927. E. rubrum var. atropurpureum
1960. E. eamesii ssp. atropurpureum
1966. E. nigrum var. atropurpureum
[1]
Purple crowberry,
Red crowberry
Camarine noire-pouprée,
Camarine atropourpre,
Camarine pourpre
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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  1. USDA-NRCS-PLANTS and ITIS treat E. atropurpureum as a synonym of E. nigrum, but NYFA, FNA, and Flora Novae Angliae all treat E. atropurpureum as a separate species.
Corema[edit | edit source]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Empetroideae — Empetreae — Corema
Genus Corema Crowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Torr.) Torr.

1837. Empetrum conradii Torr.
1842. Corema conradii (Torr.) Torr.
Broom crowberry,
Broom-crowberry,
Poverty-grass
Corème de Conrad,
Camarine de Conrad
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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Subfamily Vaccinoideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Oxydendreae[edit | edit source]

Oxydendrum[edit | edit source]
Oxydendrum arboreum (L.) DC.
sourwood tree
Oxydendrum contains a single species, the sourwood tree (O. arboreum), which is endemic to the southeastern U.S., as far north as southwestern Pennsylvania. Its flowers grow in racemes and look similar to lily-of-the-valley flowers. It is cultivated as an ornamental in southern New York, where it has escaped.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Oxydendreae — Oxydendrum
Genus Oxydendrum Sourwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) DC.

1753. Andromeda arborea L.
1839. Oxydendrum arboreum (L.) DC.
Sourwood,
Sorreltree,
Lily-of-the-valley tree,
Swamp-cranberry
Introduced,
US South native

NYFA: X

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Tribe Lyonieae[edit | edit source]

Lyonia[edit | edit source]
Lyonia ligustrina - maleberry

Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Lyonieae — Lyonia
Genus Lyonia Staggerbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) DC.
var. ligustrina

1753. Vaccinium ligustrinum L.
1813. Andromeda ligustrina (L.) Muhl.
1839. Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC.
1894. Xolisma ligustrina (L.) Britton
1913. Arsenococcus ligustrinus (L.) Small
Maleberry,
Seedy buckberry,
Privet andromeda
Lyonie faux-troène,
Lyonie ligustrine
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (L.) D.Don

1753. Andromeda mariana L.
1834. Lyonia mariana (L.) D.Don
1876. Pieris mariana (L.) Benth. & Hook.f.
1913. Neopieris mariana (L.) Britton
1924. Xolisma mariana (L.) Rehder
Stagger-bush,
Piedmont staggerbush,
Maryland staggerbush
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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Tribe Andromedeae[edit | edit source]

Andromeda[edit | edit source]
Andromeda polifolia
bog rosemary
Andromeda polifolia (bog-rosemary) is generally treated as the only member of its genus and is found in acidic bogs throughout the northern hemisphere. Two varieties are considered to be present in North America, but only the glaucous-leaved bog rosemary, A. polifolia var. latifolia (syn. A. glaucophylla) has been reported in New York.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Andromedeae — Andromeda
Genus Andromeda Bog-rosemary N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. latifolia Aiton

1789. A. polifoliavar. latifolia
1821. A. glaucophylla Link
1839. A. polifoliavar. glaucophylla
1914. A. canescens Small
1916. A. glaucophyllavar. iodandra
1924. A. glaucophyllafo. latifolia
1927. A. glaucophyllavar. latifolia
1948. A. polifoliassp. glaucophylla
Bog rosemary,
Glaucous-leaved bog rosemary
Andromède glauque
Native, CoC: 10,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub

NYFA: 5

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Tribe Gaultherieae[edit | edit source]

Chamaedaphne[edit | edit source]
Chamaedaphne calyculata
leatherleaf
Chamaedaphne calyculata (leatherleaf) is the sole species of the genus and is native to much of the Northern Hemisphere, including New York State.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Gaultherieae — Chamaedaphne
Genus Chamaedaphne Leatherleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Moench

Leatherleaf Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub

NYFA: 5

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Gaultheria[edit | edit source]
Gaultheria procumbens
wintergreen

Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Gaultherieae — Gaultheria
Genus Gaultheria Snowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Wintergreen ...
Teaberry ...
Eastern teaberry ...
Checkerberry ...
Eastern spicy-wintergreen ...
Creeping wintergreen ...
Spring wintergreen ...
Mountain-tea ...

Thé des bois,
Thé rouge,
Gaulthérie couchée
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub

NYFA: 5

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 (L.) Muhl. ex Bigel.

Chiogenes hispidula
Creeping snowberry Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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Eubotrys[edit | edit source]
Eubotrys racemosa

Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Gaultherieae — Eubotrys
Genus Eubotrys Fetterbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Nutt.

1842. Eubotrys racemosa (L.) Nutt.
1856. Leucothoe racemosa (L.) A. Gray
Swamp fetterbush ...
Swamp doghobble ...
Swamp deciduous dog-laurel ...
Deciduous swamp fetterbush ...
Sweetbells ...
Swamp sweetbells ...
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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 (Buckley) Britton

Mountain fetterbush,
Deciduous mountain fetterbush,
Redtwig doghobble,
Red-twigged doghobble
Introduced,
US South native

Perennial,
Shrub

NYFA: X

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Leucothoe[edit | edit source]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Gaultherieae — Leucothoe
Genus Leucothoe Doghobble N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Steud.) Sleumer

Highland dog-hobble Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

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 (Lam.) D.Don

1783. Andromeda axillaris Lam.
1788. Andromeda catesbaei Walter
1809. Andromeda walteri Willd.
1834. Leucothoe axillaris D.Don
1856. Leucothoe catesbaei A.Gray
Coastal doghobble Introduced,
US South native,
Cultivated,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Shrub

NYFA: 0

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Tribe Vaccinieae[edit | edit source]

The Vaccinieae contain the morphologically similar huckleberries (Gaylussacia) and blueberries (Vaccinium).
Gaylussacia[edit | edit source]
Gaylussacia bigeloviana
bog huckleberry

Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Gaylussacia
Genus Gaylussacia Huckleberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

1787. Andromeda baccata Wangenh.
1872. Gaylussacia baccata K.Koch
1900. G. resinosavar. glaucocarpa B.L.Rob.
1907. G. baccatavar. glaucocarpa Mack.
1933. Decachaena baccata Small
Black huckleberry Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (L.) Torr. & A.Gray

1753. Vaccinium frondosum L.
1843. Gaylussacia frondosa Torr. & A.Gray
1933. Decachaena frondosa ex Small
Blue huckleberry,
Dangleberry
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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 (Fernald) Sorrie & Weakley

var. bigeloviana Fernald
1933. Lasiococcus dumosusvar. bigelovianus
Fernald
2007. Gaylussacia bigeloviana Sorrie & Weakley
 auct. Gaylussacia dumosanon (Andrews) A.Gray
Dwarf huckleberry,
Bog huckleberry
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1-2

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Vaccinium[edit | edit source]
The genus Vaccinium comprises the blueberries, cranberries, huckleberries and similar shrubs. It is here broken down into sections as described in Flora of North America.[1]
Vaccinium sect. Cyanococcus[edit | edit source]
Section Cyanococcus was described by Asa Gray in Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Science in 1846.[1] This section contains all of the New York blueberry species except the alpine blueberry.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium sect. Cyanococcus
Genus Vacciniumsect. Cyanococcus Blueberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Aiton

1789. Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton
1861. V. pensylvanicumvar. nigrum
1894. V. nigrum (Alph.Wood) Britton
1914. V. brittonii Porter ex E. P. Bicknell
1931. Cyanococcus angustifolium (Aiton) Rydb.
1943. V. lamarckii Camp
Lowbush blueberry,
Late lowbush blueberry,
Low sweet blueberry,
Late sweet blueberry,
Sweet-hurts
Bleuet à feuilles étroites,
Airelle de Pennsylvanie
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - shade

NYFA: 5

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 L.

1753. Vaccinium corymbosum L.
    
    
Highbush blueberry,
Swamp blueberry,
Whortleberry,
New Jersey blueberry,
Southern blueberry
Bleuet en corymbe
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub

NYFA: 5

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 E.P.Bicknell (pro sp.)

Vaccinium angustifolium ×
Vaccinium corymbosum

    
    
    
Atlantic huckleberry,
Hybrid of
 Lowbush blueberry &
 Highbush blueberry
Native,
Unranked

Perennial,
Shrub

NYFA: U

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 Michx.

1803. Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx.
1823. V. canadense Kalm ex Richardson
1917. Cyanococcus canadensis (Kalm ex Richardson) Rydb.
1921. V. angustifoliumvar. myrtilloides
    
Velvet-leaved blueberry,
Velvet-leaved huckleberry,
Velvetleaf huckleberry,
Sour-top blueberry,
Sourtop,
Canada blueberry
Bleuet fausse-myrtille,
Bleuet rameau-velouté,
Bleuet du Canada,
Bleuets,
Airelle fausse-myrtille,
Airelle faux-myrtille,
Airelle du Canada
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub

NYFA: 5

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 Aiton

1789. Vaccinium pallidum Aiton
1856. V. corymbosumvar. pallidum
1933. Cyanococcus pallidus (Aiton) Small
Early lowbush blueberry,
Late lowbush blueberry,
Blue Ridge blueberry,
Hillside blueberry
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub

NYFA: 5

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 I.V.Hall & Aalders

1848. V. pensylvanicumvar. angustifolium
1861. V. pensylvanicumvar. alpinum
1961. V. boreale I.V.Hall & Aalders
Northern blueberry,
High-mountain blueberry,
Sweet hurts
Bleuet boréal
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

Perennial,
Shrub

NYFA: 2

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Vaccinium sect. Vaccinium[edit | edit source]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium sect. Vaccinium
Genus Vacciniumsect. Vaccinium Blueberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Alpine blueberry,
Bog blueberry,
Bog bilberry,
Bog whortleberry,
Northern bilberry,
Airelle de marécages
Native,
Rare

NYFA: 3

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Vaccinium sect. Myrtillus[edit | edit source]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium sect. Myrtillus
Genus Vacciniumsect. Myrtillus Dwarf blueberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Michx.

1803. V. caespitosum Michx.
1818. V. geminiflorum Kunth
1899. V. arbuscula (A.Gray) Merriam
1942. V. nivictum Camp
1942. V. paludicola Camp
Dwarf bilberry,
Dwarf blueberry
Airelle gazonnante
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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Vaccinium sect. Oxycoccus[edit | edit source]

Cranberries (Vaccinium sect. Oxycoccus) can be found in acidic bogs throughout the state.

Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium sect. Oxycoccus
Genus Vacciniumsect. Oxycoccus Cranberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Aiton

1789. Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton
1803. V. oxycoccosvar. oblongifolium
1805. Oxycoccus macrocarpos (Aiton) Pers.
1805. O. palustrisvar. macrocarpos
1894. Schollera macrocarpos (Aiton) Britton
Cranberry,
Large cranberry,
American cranberry
Canneberge à gros fruits,
Ronce d'Amérique
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub

NYFA: 5

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 L.

1753. Vaccinium oxycoccos L.
    
    
Cranberry,
Small cranberry,
European cranberry
Canneberge commune
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure,
(circumboreal)

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub

NYFA: 5

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Vaccinium sect. Polycodium[edit | edit source]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium sect. Polycodium
Genus Vacciniumsect. Polycodium Deerberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Deerberry,
Southern-gooseberry
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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References[edit | edit source]