Flora of New York/Ericales

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cornales
Flora of New York — Ericales
Gentianales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Ericales ...

Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genera Common names #
Ericales Balsaminaceae Impatiens touch-me-not, jewelweed 4
Polemoniaceae Polemonioideae Polemonieae Polemonium Jacob's ladder, charity 2
Phocideae Phlox phlox 6
Gilieae Collomia trumpet 1
Gilia gilia 1
Loeselieae Ipomopsis red standing cypress 1
Ebenaceae Ebenoideae Diospyros persimmon 1
Primulaceae Theophrastoideae Samoleae Samolus water pimpernel, brookweed 1
Primuloideae Primula primrose 5
Dodecatheon shooting star → Primula
Hottonia featherfoil 1
Androsace rock-jasmine, pussytoes 1
Myrsinoideae Anagallis pimpernel 1
Trientalis starflower → Lysimachia
Lysimachia yellow loosestrife 14
Symplocaceae Symplocos sweetleaf 2
Styracaceae Halesia silverbell 2
Styrax snowbell 2
Diapensiaceae Diapensia Lapland diapensia 1
Galax beetleweed 1
Pyxidanthera flowering moss, pyxies 1
Sarraceniaceae Sarracenia pitcherplant, side-saddle plant 1
Actinidiaceae Actinidioideae Actinidia silver vine 1
Clethraceae Clethra sweet pepperbush 1
Ericaceae Pyroloideae Pyroleae Orthilia one-sided wintergreen 1
Pyrola wintergreen 9
Moneses single-delight, wintergreen 1
Chimaphila prince's pine, wintergreen 1
Monotropoideae Monotropeae Monotropa Indian pipe, pinesap 2
Pterosporeae Pterospora pine drops, pinedrops 1
Arbutoideae Arctostaphylos bearberry, kinnikinnick 1
Harrimanelloideae Harrimanella moss bell-heather 1
Ericoideae Phyllodoceae Epigaea trailing arbutus, mayflower 1
Kalmia laurel, mountain laurel, sheep laurel 5
Ericeae Calluna heather 1
Rhodoreae Rhododendron azalea, rhododendron, pinxter 8
Empetroideae Empetreae Empetrum crowberry (black, purple, red) 2
Corema broom crowberry, poverty grass 1
Vaccinoideae Oxydendreae Oxydendrum swamp-cranberry, sourwood 1
Lyonieae Lyonia stagger bush, maleberry 2
Andromedeae Andromeda bog rosemary 1
Gaultherieae Chamaedaphne leatherleaf 1
Gaultheria snowberry 1
Eubotrys fetterbush 1
Leucothoe doghobble 2
Vaccinieae Gaylussacia huckleberry 3
Vaccinium blueberry, cranberry, deerberry, bilberry 11

Contents

Family Balsaminaceae[edit]

The Balsaminaceae (balsam family) contains the two genera: Impatiens with about 1000 species and Hydrocera with a single species. Of these, four Impatiens species have been reported growing wild in New York.[1][2][3]
  1. Balsaminaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Balsaminaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
  3. P.F. Stevens, P. F. (2001-2015). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, University of Missouri, St Louis, and Missouri Botanical Garden, April 2015.

Impatiens[edit]

Jewelweed with bright white water droplets at the edges of the leaves.

Of the four Impatiens species found outside of cultivation in New York, all are annual herbaceous plants The two native species, spotted jewelweed (Impatiens capensis) and pale jewelweed (Impatiens pallida), are common in wet wooded areas throughout much of the state.

Two non-native Impatiens species may also be found, but are less common. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is considered to be moderately invasive in New York. Garden balsam (Impatiens balsamina has been reported, but whether it has truly naturalized in the state is in question.


Ericales — Balsaminaceae — Impatiens
Impatiens Touch-me-not N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

1775. Impatiens capensis Meerb.
1788. Impatiens biflora Walter
1818. Impatiens fulva Nutt.
1910. Impatiens nortonii Rydb.
1967. Impatiens noli-tangere
ssp. biflora Hultén
Spotted jewelweed,
Orange touch-me-not,
Spotted touch-me-not,
Spotted snapweed
Impatiente du Cap,
Chou sauvage,
Impatiente biflore
Native, C:3,
Secure

FACW

Annual,
Herb-forb
Jewelweed - Impatiens capensis, Julie Metz Wetlands, Woodbridge, Virginia - 27275915403.jpg
Impatiens capensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Nutt.

1818. Impatiens pallida Nutt.
1904. Impatiens pallida var. alba Clute
Pale jewel-weed,
Pale snapweed,
Pale touch-me-not,
Yellow touch-me-not
Impatiente pâle
Native, C:3,
Likely secure

FACW

Annual,
Herb-forb
Impatiens pallida SCA-5938.jpg
Impatiens pallida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Royle

1835. Impatiens glandulifera Royle
1842. Impatiens roylei Walp.
Ornamental jewelweed,
Policeman's helmet,
Himalayan balsam,
Himalayan touch-me-not
Balsamie de l'Himmalaya,
Impatiente glanduleuse,
Balsamine géante
Introduced from
 India, Nepal,
 Pakistan,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 67%[1]

Annual,
Herb-forb
Drüsiges Springkraut.jpg
Impatiens glandulifera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Impatiens balsamina L.
1790. Balsamina foemina Gaertn.
1922. Impatiens giorgii De Wild.
1962. Impatiens eriocarpa Launert
Garden balsam,
Garden touch-me-not,
Spotted snapweed,
Rose balsam
Introduced from
 India, Myanmar

UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
Balsam Malaysia.jpg
Impatiens balsamina NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentImpatiens glandulifera: Moderate (67). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Family Polemoniaceae[edit]

The Polemoniaceae (phlox family).[1]

Subamily Polemonioideae[edit]

Tribe Polemonieae[edit]

Polemonium[edit]
Although the New York Flora Atlas does not include Polemonium caeruleum, Go Botany reports that it has escaped cultivation in New England.
  1. Polemoniaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Polemoniaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Polemonieae
Polemonium Jacob's ladder N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.
var. reptans

    
    
    
Common Jacob's-ladder,
Creeping Jacob's-ladder,
Spreading Jacob's-ladder,
Greek valerian,
Charity
Polémoine rampante,
Valériane grecque
Native, C:7,
Likely secure

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Subshrub
Jacob's ladder (25910631796).jpg
Polemonium reptans var reptans nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
Britton

    
    
    
Vanbrunt's Jacob's ladder,
Vanbrunt's polemonium,
Bog Jacob's ladder
Polémoine de Van-Brunt
Native, C:7,
Rare

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Polemonium vanbruntiae FWS-2.jpg
Polemonium vanbruntiae nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Polemonium (unlisted taxa) Jacob's ladder N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

    
    
    
Blue Jacob's-ladder,
Charity,
Greek-valerian
Polémoine bleue,
Valériane grecque
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Cultivated

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Polemonium caeruleum BotGardBln 20170610 I.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Phocideae[edit]

Phlox[edit]
Phlox pilosa - downy phlox

Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Phocideae — Phlox
Phloxsect. Divaricatae Phlox N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.
ssp. divaricata

    
    
    
Wild blue phlox Native, C:8,
Likely secure
Phlox divaricata - Wild Blue Phlox 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. pilosa

1753. Phlox pilosa L.
1911. Phlox argillacea Clute & Ferriss
1931. Phlox pilosa var. amplexicaulis
1931. Phlox pilosa var. virens
Downy phlox Native, C:10,
Endangered,
Impersistent
Phlox pilosa2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1z
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Phloxsect. Phlox Phlox N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
ssp. subulata

Moss phlox Native, C:7,
Likely secure
Mauve Flowers 2 (4540691499).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
ssp. maculata

Spotted phlox,
Wild sweet-william
Native,
Endangered
Phlox maculata NRCS-1.jpg
Phlox maculata ssp maculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NX

ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Fall phlox Introduced,
US South native

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun
Phlox paniculata Tatjana20140704 022.jpg
Phlox paniculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS 

NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Sims (1802)

Creeping phlox Introduced,
US South native
Phlox stolonifera 02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Gilieae[edit]

Collomia[edit]
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Gilieae — Collomia
Collomia Trumpet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Nutt.

1818. Collomia linearis Nutt.
1891. Navarretia linearis (Nutt.) Kuntze
    
Tiny trumpet,
Narrow-leaved collomia
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native,
Impersistent

Annual,
Herb-forb
Collomia linearis (1).jpg
Collomia linearis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN

ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Gilia[edit]
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Gilieae — Gilia
Gilia Gilia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Benth.
ssp. achilleifolia

1833. Gilia achilleifolia Benth.
    
    
California gilia,
Blue gilia
Introduced from
 California,
N. America native,
Impersistent

Annual,
Herb-forb
Gilia achilleifolia 042.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
NEW 
ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Loeselieae[edit]

Ipomopsis[edit]
Ericales — Polemoniaceae — Polemonioideae — Loeselieae — Ipomopsis
Ipomopsis (excluded taxa) Ipomopsis N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) Wherry

    Gilia rubra (L.) Heller
Red standing-cypress N. America native
 southern U.S.,
N.Y. excluded
Ipomopsis rubraCDP148CA.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NX






Images, wsp

Family Ebenaceae[edit]

The Ebenaceae (ebony family) is primarily a tropical and warmer-temperate family of trees and shrubs. Its only species reported outside of cultivation in New York is the American persimmon tree, which consists mainly of escapes from cultivation. It is believed that the only native persimmon trees in the state are on Staten Island (Richmond County) and Long Island (Nassau and Suffolk Counties).[1][2]
  1. Ebenaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Ebenaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Subfamily Ebenoideae[edit]

Diospyros[edit]

American Persimmons (Diospyros virginiana) in Tampa, Florida
The only known natitve persimmon trees in New York are on Staten Island and Long Island. Most of the naturalized trees are assumed to be garden escapes. The genus name Diospyros was derived from the Greek dios (divine) and pyros (wheat or grain) in reference to the tree's "divine fruit."
Ericales — Ebenaceae — Ebenoideae — Diospyros
Diospyros Persimmon N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
L.

1753. Diospyros virginiana L.
1921. D. mosieri Small (i)
1921. D. virginiana var. mosieri (i)
Persimmon,
Common persimmon,
American persimmon
Plaqueminier d'Amérique
Native, C:8,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

FAC

Perennial,
Tree,
Sun - part shade
Diospyros virginia (Ebenaceae) (leaves).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ
MBG 
Images, wsp

Family Primulaceae[edit]

The Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh. (primrose family).[1] Note that this family does not include evening primroses (Oenothera), which are in the Onagraceae (evening primrose or willowherb family) in the order Myrtales.

The classification used here for Primulaceae is based primariliy on P. F. Stevens (2001-2015). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, April 2015.


  1. Primulaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Primulaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Subfamily Theophrastoideae[edit]

The Theophrastoideae (brookweeds &&) ...

Tribe Samoleae[edit]

The Samoleae (brookweeds) ...

Samolus[edit]
Samolus valerandi flowers
The native Samolus valerandi (Water pimpernel) is the only species of the genus Samolus reported in the wild in New York.
Ericales — Primulaceae — Theophrastoideae — Samoleae — Samolus
Samolus Brookweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Samolus valerandi L.
1818-1. S. parviflorus Raf.
1818-2. S. floribundus Kunth
1825. S. americanus Spreng.
1971. S. valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Water pimpernel
Brookweed
Seaside brookweed
Native,
Likely secure
Samolus valerandi carex pre-a-pion-longpre-les-corps-saints 80 03062008 2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Subfamily Primuloideae[edit]

Primula[edit]

Primula subg. Aleuritia[edit]
Lake Mistassini primrose, photographed in Wisconsin
The only native species of Primula subg. Aleuritia is Lake Mistassini primrose or bird's eye primrose. Lake Mistassini is the largest natural lake in Quebec. Mistassini primrose is rare this far south. It is considered threatened in New York, where it is found only on cool wet cliff faces.[1]

The only non-native member of subg. Aleuritia reported to have naturalized in New York is Japanese primrose, which has been found in Onondaga and Otsego counties.


Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Primula subg. Aleuritia
Primulasubg. Aleuritiasect. Aleuritia Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Michx.

1803. Primula mistassinica Michx.
1888. P. farinosa var. mistassinica
1894. P. sibirica var. mistassinica
1905. P. farinosa ssp. mistassinica
1928. P. intercedens Fernald
1928. P. mistassinica var. intercedens
1966. P. mistassinica var. intercedens
Lake Mistassini primrose
Bird's-eye primrose
Mistassini primrose
Dwarf Canadian primrose

Primevère du lac Mistassini
Primevère de Mistassini
Native, C:10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Shade
Primula mistassinica WFNY-159B.jpg
Primula mistassinica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Primulasubg. Aleuritiasect. Proliferae Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 A.Gray

Japanese primrose
Primevère du Japon
Introduced from
 Japan,
Naturalized,
Rare
Primula japonica 1.jpg
Primula japonica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp
Primula subg. Primula[edit]
Primula veris - cowslip

Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Primula subg. Primula
Primulasubg. Primulasect. Primula Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Primula veris L.
1765. Primula officinalis (L.) Hill
Cowslip,
Cowslip primrose
Primevère officinale
Introduced from
 Europe,
 temperate w. Asia,
Naturalized
Primula veris ENBLA03.JPG
Primula veris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
Primulasubg. Primulasect. Primula (excluded taxa) Primrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Mill.

Primula veris ×
Primula vulgaris

Elatior hybrid primrose,
False oxlip
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded,
Only cultivated
Primula denticulata.JPG
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XX
Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
Primula subg. Auriculastrum[edit]
Primula meadia (L.) A.R.Mast & Reveal
sooting star
Based on molecular evidence, A. R. Mast & Reveal, in 2006, transferred the 17 species of genus Dodecatheon (the sooting stars) to a new sect. Dodecatheon in Primula subg. Auriculastrum.[1] The transfer included the only (and impersistent) New York native, Primula meadia (Eastern shooting star). The shooting stars are still listed in genus Dodecatheon by many sources.

Dodecatheon meadia ssp. meadia (Shooting-star) was listed as STEU-X G5T5 SX U in the 2004 Rare Plant Status List - Active Inventory List.[2]


Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Primula subg. Auriculastrum
Primulasubg. Auriculastrumsect. Dodecatheon Shooting-star N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) A.R.Mast & Reveal

1753. Dodecatheon meadia L.
1903. D. hugeri Small
1903. D. brachycarpum Small
2007. P. meadia A.R.Mast & Reveal
Eastern shooting star,
Shooting star,
Pride of Ohio,
American cowslip,
Mead's shootingstar
Gyroselle de Virginie
Native, C:10,
Impersistent

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Dodecatheon meadia habit.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Hottonia[edit]

Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Hottonia
Hottonia Hottonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Elliott 1817

American featherfoil,
Featherfoil,
Hottonie enflée
Native,
Threatened
Hottonia inflata NRCS-2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp

Androsace[edit]

Ericales — Primulaceae — Primuloideae — Androsace
Androsace Rock jasmine N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Androsace,
Greater rock-jasmine,
Pussy-toes
Introduced Androsace maxima sl1.jpg
Androsace maxima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Subfamily Myrsinoideae[edit]

The Myrsinoideae

Lysimachia[edit]

Northern starflower
The grouping used here for genus Lysimachia is based on Anderberg (2007).[1]
Lysimachia subg. Trientalis[edit]
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia subg. Trientalis
Lysimachiasubg. Trientalis Starflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Raf.) U.Manns & Anderb.

1808. Trientalis borealis Raf.
2009. Lysimachia borealis
(Raf.) U.Manns & Anderb.[1]
Northern starflower Native,
Secure
Trientalis borealis 1177.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group A[edit]
Lysimachia ciliata
fringed loosestrife

Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia
Lysimachiasubg. Lysimachiasect. Seleucia Yellow-loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Lysimachia ciliata L.
1843. Steironema ciliatum (L.) Baudo
1891. Nummularia ciliata (L.) Kuntze
Fringed loosestrife,
Fringed yellow loosestrife,
Ciliate loosestrife
Lysimaque ciliée,
Lysimaque fimbriée,
Stéironéma cilié
Native, C:4,
Secure
Lysimachia ciliata WFNY-162.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Michx. (1803)

    Lysimachia ciliata validula
    Lysimachia lanceolata hybrida
    Steironema hybridum
    Steironema laevigatum
    Steironema lanceolatum hybridum
Lance-leaved loosestrife,
Lowland yellow loosestrife,
Mississippi loosestrife,
Swamp candles
Lysimaque hybride
Native, C:10,
Endangered
Lysimachia hybrida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

    Lysimachia longifolia
    Steironema quadriflorum
Linear-leaved loosestrife,
Linear-leaf loosestrife,
Four-flowered loosestrife,
Fourflower yellow loosestrife,
Linear-leaf loosestrife
Native, C:10,
Endangered
Lysimachia quadriflora.jpg
Lysimachia quadriflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group B[edit]
Lysimachia nummularia  L. - moneywort or creeping Jenny
Sect. Nummularia contains two introduced species that are moderately invasive in New York: L. nummularia (moneywort or creeping Jenny), and L. punctata (spotted loosestrife).
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia
Lysimachiasubg. Lysimachiasect. Nummularia Yellow-loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Lysimachia nummularia L.
Moneywort
Creeping Jenny
Creeping loosestrife
Creeping yellow loosestrife

Lysimaque nummulaire
Herbe-aux-écus
Monnayère
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 64%[1]

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Lysimachia nummularia LJM040629-5447866.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lysimachia punctata L.
    L. punctata var. verticillata Klatt
Spotted loosestrife,
Large yellow loosestrife
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 57%[2]
Lysimachia punctata-2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ITIS




Images, wsp
Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group C[edit]
Blue form of Lysimachia arvensis

Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia
Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia Pimpernel N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY /NE
(L.) U.Manns & Anderb.

1753. Anagallis arvensis L.
1759. A. caerulea L.
1764. A. arvensis var. caerulea
1927. A. arvensis fo. caerulea
2009. L. arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb.
Scarlet pimpernel,
Poor-man's weatherglass,
Shepherd's clock,
Scarlet yellow-loosestrife,
Common pimpernel
Mouron rouge,
Mouron des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive

FACU-UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
20170525Lysimachia arvensis1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia group E[edit]
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia subg. Lysimachia
Lysimachiasubg. Lysimachiasect. Lysimachia Yellow-loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1888. Lysimachia terrestris (L.)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Swamp candles,
Swamp loosestrife,
Swamp yellow loosestrife,
Bog loosestrife,
Bulblet loosestrife,
Earth loosestrife,
Lake loosestrife
Lysimaque terrestre
Native,
Secure
Lysimachia terrestris 3-eheep (5097935642).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp

Whorled loosestrife Native,
Secure
Lysimachia quadrifolia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can





Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

    Naumburgia thyrsiflora (L.) Duby
Tufted loosestrife,
Tufted yellow loosestrife,
Water loosestrife,
Swamp loosestrife,
Lysimaque thyrsiflore
Native,
Likely secure
Lysimachia thyrsiflora 2.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Fernald

Lysimachia terrestris ×
Lysimachia thyrsiflora

Hybrid of
 Swamp loosestrife &
 Tufted loosestrife
Native,
Threatened
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2?






Images, wsp
(A. Gray) Fernald (pro sp.)

Lysimachia quadrifolia ×
Lysimachia terrestris

Hybrid of
 Whorled loosestrife &
 Swamp loosestrife
Native,
Vulnerable
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3?






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lysimachia vulgaris L.
Garden loosestrife,
Garden yellow loosestrife
Lysimaque commune
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[1],
Prohibited[2]
20150609Lysimachia vulgaris1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLysimachia vulgaris: Moderate (73). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
Lysimachia subg. Palladia + Lysimachiopsis[edit]
Ericales — Primulaceae — Myrsinoideae — Lysimachia subg. Palladia + Lysimachiopsis
Lysimachiasubg. Palladia + Lysimachiopsis Loosestrife N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
Duby

1844. Lysimachia clethroides Duby
Goose-neck loosestrife
Gooseneck loosestrife
Gooseneck yellow loosestrife

Lysimaque faux-clèthre
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: not assessed[1]
Lysimachia clethroides 01.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
Can





Images, wsp

Family Symplocaceae[edit]

The Symplocaceae (sweetleaf family).[1]

Symplocos[edit]

Sweetleaf

Ericales — Symplocaceae — Symplocos
Symplocos Sweetleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) L'Hér.

1767. Hopea tinctoria L.
1791. Symplocos tinctoria (L.) L'Hér.
    
Horse-sugar Introduced,
US South native
Symplocos tinctoria 1120593.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0


Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Miq.

    
    
    
Sapphire berry,
Asiatic sweetleaf
Introduced Symplocos paniculata (9958808546) 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0



BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Symplocaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Styracaceae[edit]

The Styracaceae (snowbell family) [1] contains snowbells and silverbell trees.

Halesia[edit]

Ericales — Styracaceae — Halesia
Halesia Silverbell N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1759. Halesia carolina L.
1761. Halesia tetraptera J.Ellis
1803. Halesia parviflora Michx.
1914. Halesia carolina var. monticola Rehder
1921. Halesia monticola (Rehder) Sarg.
Silver bells,
Possomwood,
Carolina silverbell
Introduced,
US South native

Perennial,
Tree
Halesia carolina0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Ellis
= Halesia carolina

Mountain silverbell Introduced,
US South native
HalesiaTetraptera.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Styracaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Styracaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Styrax[edit]

Ericales — Styracaceae — Styrax
Styrax Snowbell N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Lam.

1783. Styrax americanus Lam.
1803. Styrax pulverulentus Michx.
1917. Styrax americanus
var. pulverulentus Rehder
American snowbell,
Mock orange
Introduced,
US South native,
Cultivated
Styrax americanus.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS 
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Sieb. & Zucc.

Japanese snowbell,
Japanese storax
Introduced Styrax japonicus 05.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Family Diapensiaceae[edit]

The Diapensiaceae (diapensia family).[1]

Diapensia[edit]

Ericales — Diapensiaceae — Diapensia
Diapensia Diapensia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.
ssp. lapponica

    
    
    
Lapland diapensia,
Pincushion plant
Native,
Threatened
Diapensia lapponica plant upernavik.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-






Images, wsp
  1. Diapensiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Diapensiaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).

Galax[edit]

Galax urceolata
beetleweed
Galax (beetleweed) is an eastern North America native, but is considered to be an introduction in the Northeast. It is cultivated as a "native" groundcover and may persist as an escapee on Long Island, but is not considered to be truly naturalized in New York State.
Ericales — Diapensiaceae — Galax
Galax Galax N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (Poir.) Brummitt

 auct. Galax aphyllanon L.
Beetleweed Introduced,
US South native,
Not naturalized,
Nassau, Suffolk Counties
Galax - Flickr - pellaea (1).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW 
ITIS
FNA 

LBJ

Images, wsp

Pyxidanthera[edit]

Pyxidanthera barbulata
pyxie moss
Both species of Pyxidanthera (pixie moss) are rare natives of the east coast. The smaller P. brevifolia (little-leaf pixiemoss) is only found in the Carolinas, but the larger P. barbulata (flowering pixiemoss) can be found as far north as Long Island, where it is considered endangered.
Ericales — Diapensiaceae — Pyxidanthera
Pyxidanthera Pyxie moss N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

    
    
    
Common pyxiemoss,
Flowering moss,
Flowering pixiemoss,
Big pyxie,
Pyxies
Native, C:6,
Endangered,
Suffolk County only

Perennial,
Herb-subshrub
Pyxidanthera barbulata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Family Sarraceniaceae[edit]

The Sarraceniaceae (pitcher-plant family) are carnivorous plants, consisting of three New-World genera. The largest genus, Heliamphora, is endemic to South America, and the monospecific Darlingtonia is native to the West Coast of the U.S. The third genus, Sarracenia, with about eight species, is native to eastern North America.[1]
  1. Sarraceniaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Sarracenia[edit]

Sarracenia purpurea
purple pitcher-plant
The most widespread and only cold-tolerant species of Sarracenia is Sarracenia purpurea (the purple pitcher plant). Of its two subspecies, S. purpurea ssp. venosa is only found south of New York, but S. purpurea ssp. purpurea is fairly widespread in New York peatlands as well as farther north.
Ericales — Sarraceniaceae — Sarracenia
Sarracenia Pitcher plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.
ssp. purpurea

1753. Sarracenia purpurea L.
1827. S. purpurea var. terrae-novae
1933. S. purpurea ssp. gibbosa
1933. S. purpurea var. stolonifera
1951. S. purpurea var. ripicola
Purple pitcher-plant,
Northern pitcher-plant,
Side-saddle plant,
Common pitcherplant,
Huntsman's-cup,
Huntsman's horn,
Decumbent pitcher plant,
Frog's-britches
Sarracénie pourpre
Native, C:9,
Vulnerable

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun
PurplepitcherplantMN.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp

Family Actinidiaceae[edit]

The Actinidiaceae (Chinese gooseberry family).[1]

Subfamily Actinidioideae[edit]

Actinidia[edit]

Ericales — Actinidiaceae — Actinidioideae — Actinidia
Actinidia Actinidia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Maxim.

1843. Trochostigma polygamum
Siebold & Zucc.
1859. Actinidia polygama
(Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Maxim.
    
Silver vine,
Cat powder
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Rare
Actinidia polygama.JPG
Actinidia polygama NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp
(Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq.

1867. Actinidia arguta
(Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq.
Hardy kiwi
Baby kiwi
Tara vine
Introduced,
Naturalized
Actinidia arguta 0906.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp
  1. Actinidiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Clethraceae[edit]

The Clethraceae (clethra family)[1] contains just two species, only one of which (Clethra) is found in New York.
  1. Clethraceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Clethra[edit]

Clethra alnifolia
Clethra contains two North American species:
  • Clethra acuminata, mountain pepperbush, is limited to the Appalachians from Alabama to southern Pennsylvania, and has not been known to naturalize as far north as New York State.
  • Clethra alnifolia, coastal sweet pepperbush, is found primarily along the East Coast, including parts of New York, particularly in wet acidic environments.

Clethra alnifolia cultivars are available and are usually either more compact than the wild form or have pink flowers.[1]


Ericales — Clethraceae — Clethra
Clethra Sweetpepperbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Clethra alnifolia L.
1786. C. tomentosa Lam.
1789. C. paniculata Aiton
1803. C. alnifolia var. tomentosa
1803. C. alnifolia var. glabella
1900. C. alnifolia var. paniculata
1903. C. alnifolia var. michauxii
Coastal sweet-pepperbush,
Coast pepperbush,
Sweet Pepperbush,
Summersweet,
Summersweet clethra,
Pink spires (cv.),
Anne Bidwell (cv.)
Clèthre à feuilles d'aulne
Native, C:7,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - shade
Clethra alnifolia2.jpg
Clethra alnifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN LBJ

Images, wsp

Family Ericaceae[edit]

The Ericaceae (heath family).[1][2]
  1. Ericaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
    Ericaceae USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) PLANTS Database (2013).
  2. The subfamily (and tribal) organization used here is from of James L. Reveal (2012) An outline of a classification scheme for extant flowering plants. Phytoneuron 2012–37: 1–221.

Subfamily Pyroloideae[edit]

The subfamily Pyroloideae Kosteltsky. Perennial herbs, rhizomatous.

Tribe Pyroleae[edit]

The native New York Pyroleae consist of about nine species of "wintergreen" or "shineleaf" plants. The organization of the Pyroleae used here is based primarily on Liu (2011).[1]
Orthilia[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Pyroloideae — Pyroleae — Orthilia
Orthilia Orthilia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) House

1753. Pyrola secunda L.
1858. Ramischia secunda (L.) Garcke
1914. Ramischia elatior Rydb.
1921. Orthilia secunda (L.) House
One-sided wintergreen,
Sidebells wintergreen
Native,
Secure
OrthiliaSecunda.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 



Images, wsp
Pyrola[edit]
Pyrola (wintergreen) photos from the 1918 Wild Flowers of New York
New York Pyrola species go by the various colloquial names: wintergreen, shinleaf, or sometimes shineleaf.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Pyroloideae — Pyroleae — Pyrola
Pyrola Wintergreen N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Sweet

1830. Pyrola americana Sweet
1844. Pyrola obovata Bertol.
 auct. Pyrola rotundifolia p.p.non L.
1920. Pyrola rotundifolia var. americana
1966. Pyrola asarifolia ssp. americana
American wintergreen
American shinleaf
Wild lily-of-the-valley
Round-leaved shineleaf
Round-leaved wintergreen

Pyrole d'Amérique
Pyrole à feuilles rondes
Native,
Secure
Pyrola americana (31887890964) 3x4.jpg
Pyrola americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Sw.

1810. Pyrola chlorantha Sw.
1811. Pyrola virens Schweigg.
1867. Pyrola oxypetala Austin ex A. Gray
1920. Pyrola chlorantha var. convoluta
1920. Pyrola chlorantha var. paucifolia
1920. Pyrola chlorantha var. revoluta
1941. Pyrola virens var. convoluta
1941. Pyrola virens var. saximontana
Green-flowered wintergreen,
Green-flowered shineleaf,
Greenish-flowered wintergreen,
Pale-green wintergreen
Native,
Secure
Rohekas uibuleht.JPG
PyrolaChloranthaFruits.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Nutt.

Shinleaf,
Waxflower shinleaf,
Large-leaved shineleaf,
Elliptic shineleaf
Native,
Secure
Pyrola elliptica 4 (5097357221).jpg
Pyrola elliptica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
 Michx.
ssp. asarifolia

yyyy. Pyrola californica Krísa
yyyy. Pyrola elata Nutt.
yyyy. Pyrola uliginosa Torr. & A. Gray ex Torr.
yyyy. Pyrola uliginosa var. gracilis
yyyy. Pyrola asarifolia var. asarifolia
yyyy. Pyrola asarifolia var. incarnata
yyyy. Pyrola asarifolia var. ovata
yyyy. Pyrola asarifolia var. purpurea
yyyy. Pyrola rotundifolia ssp. asarifolia
Pink shinleaf
Pink wintergreen
Bog wintergreen
Liverleaf wintergreen
Pink pyrola

Pyrole à feuilles d'asaret
Native,
Threatened
Pyrola asarifolia (6187038332).jpg
Pyrola asarifolia 8822.JPG
Pyrola asarifolia ssp asarifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
Can
ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Snowline wintergreen,
Lesser wintergreen
Native,
Endangered
Pyrola minor 090612a.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1






Images, wsp
Moneses[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Pyroloideae — Pyroleae — Moneses
Moneses Single-delight N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) A.Gray

    Pyrola uniflora L.
One-flowered wintergreen Native,
Likely secure
Moneses uniflora kz1.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
Chimaphila[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Pyroloideae — Pyroleae — Chimaphila
Chimaphila Prince's-pine N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

1753. Pyrola umbellata L.
1817. Chimaphila umbellata W.P.C.Barton
1891. Pseva umbellata (L.) Kuntze
Common wintergreen,
Pipsissewa,
Noble prince's-pine
Native,
Secure
Chimaphila umbellata (3817695201).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
(L.) Pursh

Spotted wintergreen,
Striped prince's pine
Native,
Likely secure
Striped Wintergreen - Chimaphila maculata, Leesylvania State Park, Woodbridge, Virginia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp

Subfamily Monotropoideae[edit]

The subfamily Monotropoideae consists exclusively of taxa which are both herbaceous and achlorophyllous. Because they are symbiotic with mycorrhizal fungi and a photosynthetic host, these taxa are known as mycoheterotrophs.[1]

Tribe Monotropeae[edit]

Monotropeae are mycotrophs, which are parasitic plants that obtain their nutrients trough fungi instead photosynthesis.

Monotropa[edit]
Monotropa
Ericales — Ericaceae — Monotropoideae — Monotropeae — Monotropa
Monotropa Indianpipe N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Monotropa uniflora L.
1927. Monotropa brittonii Small
Indian-pipe,
One-flowered Indian pipe,
Ghost pipe,
Convulsion root
Monotrope uniflore,
Monotrope à une fleur
Native,
Secure
Monotropa uniflora in Penwood State Park 3, 2009-07-03.jpg
Monotropa uniflora nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
Hypopitys[edit]
Hypopitys monotropa - pinesap
Hypopitys is often included in Monotropa (above).[1]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Monotropoideae — Monotropeae — Hypopitys
Hypopitys Pinesap N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Crantz

1753. Monotropa hypopitys L.
1766. Hypopitys monotropa Crantz
1772. Hypopitys multiflora Scop.
1803. Monotropa lanuginosa Michx.
1810. Hypopitys lanuginosa (Michx.) Raf.
1843. Hypopitys americana (DC.) Small
1894. Hypopitys hypopitys (L.) Small taut.
1897. Hypopitys multiflora (Scop.) Fritsch
1901. Hypopitys fimbriata (A.Gray) Howell
1910. M. hypopitys var. lanuginosa Purah.
1956. M. hypopitys ssp. lanuginosa H.Hara
Pinesap,
American pinesap,
Yellow pinesap,
Yellow bird's-nest,
False beechdrops
Monotrope du pin,
Monotrope à grappe
Native,
Likely secure
Fichtenspargel Monotropa hypopitys.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
(Michx.) Raf.

1803. Monotropa lanuginosa Michx.
1810. Hypopitys lanuginosa (Michx.) Raf.
1818. H. lanuginosa (Michx.) Nutt. isonym
1910. Monotropa hypopitys ssp. lanuginosa
1956. Monotropa hypopitys ssp. lanuginosa
Red pinesap
hairy pine-sap

Native, C:8,
Unranked
Fringed Pinesap (1056971122).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Nu
NEW 





Images, wsp

Tribe Pterosporeae[edit]

Pterospora[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Monotropoideae — Pterosporeae — Pterospora
Pterospora Pinedrops N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Nutt.

    
    
    
Pinedrops,
Pine-drops,
Woodland pinedrops,
Giant pinedrops,
Giant birds's-nest,
Albany beechdrops
Native,
Endangered
Pterospora andromedea Sprague Lake.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 

Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Arbutoideae[edit]

Arctostaphylos[edit]

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
bearberry or kinnikinnick
Bearberry is a trailing evergreen shrub, native to rocky and sandy upland parts of the Northern Hemisphere, including New York State.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Arbutoideae — Arctostaphylos
Arctostaphylos Manzanita N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) Spreng.

1753. Arbutus uva-ursi L.
1812. Arbutus buxifolia Stokes
1813. Mairania uva-ursi (L.) Desv.
1821. Uva-ursi buxifolia (Stokes) Gray
1825. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng.
1913. Uva-ursi uva-ursi (L.) Britton taut.
Bearberry,
Kinnikinnick,
Pinemat manzanita,
Mealberry,
Hog cranberry
Raisin d’ours,
Arctostaphyle raisin-d'ours,
Busserole
Native, C:8,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Shrub-subshrub,
Sun - shade
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 28273.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp

Subfamily Harrimanelloideae[edit]

Harrimanella[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Harrimanelloideae — Harrimanella
Harrimanella Harrimanella N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Coville

    
    
    
Moss bell-heather Native,
Likely extirpated
Harrimanella hypnoides Kilpisjärvi 2012-07.jpg
Harrimanella hypnoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp

Subfamily Ericoideae[edit]

Tribe Phyllodoceae[edit]

Epigaea[edit]
Epigaea repens L.
trailing arbutus
Epigaea contains three species, only one of which, trailing arbutus (Epigaea repens), is native to the New World. It is a low shrub/subshrub found in acidic upland hemlock-hardwood forests and forest edges through much of eastern North America. It flowers in early spring and does well in disturbed sites such as logging roads. Trailing arbutus is the state plant of Massachusetts.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Phyllodoceae — Epigaea
Epigaea Trailing-arbutus N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
 L.

1753. Epigaea repens L.
1837. Epigaea repens var. rubicunda
1939. Epigaea repens var. glabrifolia
Trailing arbutus,
Mayflower,
Ground laurel
Native, C:7,
Likely secure
Epigaea repens 5-sphillips (5097282717).jpg
Epigaea repens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Kalmia[edit]
Sheep-laurel (Kalmia angustifolia)
Kalmia (laurel) is a North American genus with about 10 species, four of which are considered to be native to New York.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Phyllodoceae — Kalmia
Kalmia Laurel N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.
var. angustifolia

Sheep-laurel,
Sheep-kill
Native, C:7,
Secure
Kalmia angustifolia 4502.JPG
Kalmia angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

Mountain laurel Native, C:7,
Secure
Sugarcamp Mountain (7) (27749726806).jpg
Kalmia latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Wang.

Pale laurel,
Bog laurel
Native, C:10,
Likely secure
Bog laurel (Kalmia polifolia) (23945002063).jpg
Kalmia polifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp

    Loiseleuria procumbens (L.) Desv.
Alpine azalea Native, C:10,
Endangered
Loiseleuria procumbens Kilpisjärvi 2012-07.jpg
Kalmia procumbens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Kalmia (excluded taxa) Laurel N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Bergius) Gift & Kron 2008

1777. Ledum buxifolium Bergius
1813. Dendrium buxifolium Desv.
1817. Leiophyllum buxifolium Elliott
[1]
1839. Leiophyllum lyonii Sweet
1901. Leiophyllum hugeri (Small) K. Schum.
Sandmyrtle,
Sand-myrtle
N. America native
 southern U. S.,
N.Y. excluded
Kalmia buxifolia NRCS-1.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
  1. NYFA and NRCS both list Kalmia buxifolia as Leiophyllum buxifolium (Berg) Elliott. ITIS, GRIN and Flora of North America, place it in Kalmia.

Tribe Ericeae[edit]

Calluna[edit]
Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull
heather
Calluna is a monotypic plant genus whose sole species is Calluna vulgaris or heather, an Old-World plant.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Ericeae — Calluna
Calluna Heather N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) Hull

1753. Erica vulgaris L.
1808. Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull
1906. Ericoides vulgaris (L.) Merino
Heather,
Scotch heather,
Scots heather,
Common heather,
Ling
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized

FAC

Perennial,
Shrub
Calluna vulgaris sl3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Rhodoreae[edit]

Rhododendron[edit]
Rhododendron subg. Hymenanthes sect. Pentanthera[edit]
Rhododendron periclymenoides
pinxter flower
Rhododendron sect. Pentanthera contains the azaleas, three of which are native to New York.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Rhodoreae — Rhododendron
Rhododendronsubg. Hymenanthessect. Pentanthera Azalea N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Small) Millais

1914. Azalea prinophylla Small
1917. R. prinophyllum (Small) Millais
1921. R. roseum (Loisel.) Rehder superfl.
1924. R. nudiflorum var. roseum
Early azalea
Roseshell azalea
Woolly azalea
Election-pink
Native, C:6,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Shrub,
Shade
Rhododendron prinophyllum (Roseshell Azalea) (27254491900).jpg
Rhododendron prinophyllum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
(Michx.) Shinners

1762. Azalea nudiflora L. illeg.
1803. A. periclymenoides Michx.
1824. R. nudiflorum (L.) Torr. illeg.
1941. R. nudiflorum fo. glandiferum
1962. R. periclymenoides (Michx.) Shinners
Pinxter flower
Pinxter-flower
Pinkster
Pink azalea
Election-pink
Pinxterbloom azalea
Native, C:7,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Shrub
Rhododendron periclymenoides - Wild Pink Azalea 2.jpg
Rhododendron periclymenoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
 (L.) Torr.

1753. Azalea serrulata Small
    Azalea viscosa L.
1824. R. viscosum (L.) Torr.
    R. serrulatum (Small) Millais
Swamp azalea
Clammy azalea
Native, C:7,
Secure
Rhododendron viscosum (28332827000).jpg
Rhododendron viscosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW 

FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
(Michx.) Torrey

Flame azalea Introduced from
 southeastern US,
N. America native
Rhododendron calendulaceum.jpg
Rhododendron calendulaceum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp
Rhododendronsubg. Hymenanthessect. Pentanthera (excluded taxa) Azalea N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Pursh) Torr.

1813. Azalea arborescens Pursh
1824. R. arborescens (Pursh) Torr.
Smooth azalea
Sweet Azalea
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Rhododendron arborescens - Sweet Azalea.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Note: 1986[1]
(Michx.) Sweet

1803. Azalea canescens Michx.
1830. R. canescens (Michx.) Sweet
1900. Azalea nudiflora var. canescens
1901. Azalea candida Small
1916. R. candidum (Small) Rehder
1921. R. canescens var. candidum
Mountain azalea
Hoary azalea
Wild azalea
Honeysuckle azalea
Piedmont azalea
Sweet azalea
Southern pinxterflower
Sweet-Florida pinxter
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Rhododendron canescens (Ericaceae).JPG
Nymap.svg

USDA-N0
NEW-0
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
Note: 1918[2]
  1. 1986: Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany.
  2. 1918: Homer D. House, New York State Botanist, Wild Flowers of New York, Vol 2, page 201, "Mountain or Hoary Azalea, Azalea canescens Michaux ... eastern and southern New York...." This appears to be a misidentification of the similar species Rhododendron periclymenoides, which is common in that range.
Rhododendron subg. Hymenanthes sect. Rhodora[edit]
Rhododendron canadense
rhodora
Rhododendron sect. Rhodora contains the single species Rhododendron canadense (rhodora), which is native to northeastern North America.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Rhodoreae — Rhododendron
Rhododendronsubg. Hymenanthessect. Rhodora Rhodora N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Torr.

1762. Rhodora canadensis L.
1841. Rhododendron canadense (L.) Torr.
1891. Azalea canadensis (L.) Kuntze
Rhodora
Canada rosebay
Canada rhododendron
Canadian rhododendron

Rhododendron du Canada
Rhodora
Rhodora du Canada
Native, C:9,
Threatened

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub
Rhododendron canadense (27196782616).jpg
Rhododendron canadense NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Rhododendron subg. Hymenanthes sect. Pontica[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Rhodoreae — Rhododendron
Rhododendronsubg. Hymenanthessect. Pontica Rhododendron N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Rhododendron maximum L.
1935. Rhododendron ashleyi Coker
1943. Hymenanthes maxima (L.) H.F.Copel.
Great rosebay
Great laurel
Great rhododendron
Rose bay
Wild rhododendron
Rosebay rhododendron
Native, C:9,
Likely secure
Budding (9249172175).jpg
Rhododendron maximum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Rhododendron subg. Rhododendron sect. Rhododendron[edit]
Rhododendron lapponicum
Lapland rosebay
Rhododendron sect. Rhododendron contains the two New York natives Labrador tea (R. groenlandicum) and Lapland rosebay (R. lapponicum).
Ericales — Ericaceae — Ericoideae — Rhodoreae — Rhododendron
Rhododendronsubg. Rhododendronsect. Rhododendronsubsect. Ledum Rhododendron N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Oeder) Kron & Judd

    Ledum groenlandicum Oeder
    Ledum palustre L.
Labrador tea,
Bog Labrador tea,
Common Labrador tea
Native, C:9,
Likely secure
Ledem groenlandicum C.jpg
Rhododendron groenlandicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp
Rhododendronsubg. Rhododendronsect. Rhododendronsubsect. Lapponica Rhododendron N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Wahlenb.

    Azalea lapponica L.
Lapland rosebay,
Lapland azalea
Native, C:10,
Endangered
Lapland Rose-Bay (3816823222).jpg
Rhododendron lapponicum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp

Subfamily Empetroideae[edit]

Empetroideae Sweet, Hort. Brit.: 491. Sep–Oct 1826.

Tribe Empetreae[edit]

Empetreae Horan., Char. Ess. Fam.: 109. 17 Jun 1847.

Empetrum[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Empetroideae — Empetreae — Empetrum
Empetrum Crowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Empetrum nigrum L.
1913. E. eamesii ssp. hermaphroditum
1927. E. hermaphroditum Lange ex Hagerup
1933. E. nigrum var. hermaphroditum
1952. E. nigrum ssp. hermaphroditum
Black crowberry,
Crakeberry,
Curlew-berry
Camarine noire
Native,
Rare
Empetrum nigrum (1).JPG
Empetrum nigrum nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Fernald & Wiegand

1913. E. atropurpureum Fernald & Wiegand
1927. E. rubrum var. atropurpureum
1960. E. eamesii ssp. atropurpureum
1966. E. nigrum var. atropurpureum
[1]
Purple crowberry,
Red crowberry
Camarine noire-pouprée,
Camarine atropourpre,
Camarine pourpre
Native,
Endangered
Empetrum nigrum (Crowberry) - unripe berries - Flickr - S. Rae.jpg
Empetrum atropurpureum nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
  1. USDA-NRCS-PLANTS and ITIS treat E. atropurpureum as a synonym of E. nigrum, but NYFA, FNA, and Flora Novae Angliae all treat E. atropurpureum as a separate species.
Corema[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Empetroideae — Empetreae — Corema
Corema Crowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (Torr.) Torr.

1837. Empetrum conradii Torr.
1842. Corema conradii (Torr.) Torr.
Broom crowberry,
Broom-crowberry,
Poverty-grass
Corème de Conrad,
Camarine de Conrad
Native,
Endangered
Corema conradii buds.jpeg
Corema conradii nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Subfamily Vaccinoideae[edit]

Tribe Oxydendreae[edit]

Oxydendrum[edit]
Oxydendrum arboreum (L.) DC.
sourwood tree
Oxydendrum contains a single species, the sourwood tree (O. arboreum), which is endemic to the southeastern U.S., as far north as southwestern Pennsylvania. Its flowers grow in racemes and look similar to lily-of-the-valley flowers. It is cultivated as an ornamental in southern New York, where it has escaped.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Oxydendreae — Oxydendrum
Oxydendrum Sourwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) DC.

1753. Andromeda arborea L.
1839. Oxydendrum arboreum (L.) DC.
Sourwood,
Sorreltree,
Lily-of-the-valley tree,
Swamp-cranberry
Introduced,
US South native
Sourwood leaves and flowers.jpg
Oxydendrum arboreum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp

Tribe Lyonieae[edit]

Lyonia[edit]
Lyonia ligustrina - maleberry

Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Lyonieae — Lyonia
Lyonia Staggerbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) DC.
var. ligustrina

1753. Vaccinium ligustrinum L.
1813. Andromeda ligustrina (L.) Muhl.
1839. Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC.
1894. Xolisma ligustrina (L.) Britton
1913. Arsenococcus ligustrinus (L.) Small
Maleberry,
Seedy buckberry,
Privet andromeda
Lyonie faux-troène,
Lyonie ligustrine
Native,
Secure
Lyonia ligustrina 2zz.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE 


Images, wsp
 (L.) D.Don

1753. Andromeda mariana L.
1834. Lyonia mariana (L.) D.Don
1876. Pieris mariana (L.) Benth. & Hook.f.
1913. Neopieris mariana (L.) Britton
1924. Xolisma mariana (L.) Rehder
Stagger-bush,
Piedmont staggerbush,
Maryland staggerbush
Native,
Likely secure
Lyonia mariana WFNY-155B.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp

Tribe Andromedeae[edit]

Andromeda[edit]
Andromeda polifolia
bog rosemary
Andromeda polifolia (bog-rosemary) is generally treated as the only member of its genus and is found in acidic bogs throughout the northern hemisphere. Two varieties are considered to be present in North America, but only the glaucous-leaved bog rosemary, A. polifolia var. latifolia (syn. A. glaucophylla) has been reported in New York.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Andromedeae — Andromeda
Andromeda Bog-rosemary N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.
var. latifolia Aiton

1789. A. polifolia var. latifolia
1821. A. glaucophylla Link
1839. A. polifolia var. glaucophylla
1914. A. canescens Small
1916. A. glaucophylla var. iodandra
1924. A. glaucophylla fo. latifolia
1927. A. glaucophylla var. latifolia
1948. A. polifolia ssp. glaucophylla
Bog rosemary,
Glaucous-leaved bog rosemary
Andromède glauque
Native, C:10,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub
Andromeda polifolia var. latifolia WFNY-159A.jpg
Andromeda polifolia var glaucophylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp

Tribe Gaultherieae[edit]

Chamaedaphne[edit]
Chamaedaphne calyculata
leatherleaf
Chamaedaphne calyculata (leatherleaf) is the sole species of the genus and is native to much of the Northern Hemisphere, including New York State.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Gaultherieae — Chamaedaphne
Chamaedaphne Leatherleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Moench

Leatherleaf Native, C:8,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub
Chamaedaphne calyculata WFNY-157A.jpg
Chamaedaphne calyculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
Gaultheria[edit]
Gaultheria procumbens
wintergreen

Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Gaultherieae — Gaultheria
Gaultheria Snowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Wintergreen
Teaberry
Eastern teaberry
Checkerberry
Eastern spicy-wintergreen
Creeping wintergreen
Spring wintergreen
Mountain-tea

Thé des bois,
Thé rouge,
Gaulthérie couchée
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub
Golteria1-pl.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
(L.) Muhl. ex Bigel.

Chiogenes hispidula
Creeping snowberry Native,
Secure
Gaultheria hispidula 7847 (cropped).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
Eubotrys[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Gaultherieae — Eubotrys
Eubotrys Fetterbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Nutt.

Eubotrys elongataLeucothoe elongata
Coastal fetterbush,
Deciduous swamp fetterbush,
Swamp doghobble,
Swamp sweetbells
Native,
Likely secure
Eubotrys racemosa - Swamp doghobble 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
(Buckley) Britton

Mountain fetterbush,
Deciduous mountain fetterbush,
Redtwig doghobble,
Red-twigged doghobble
Introduced,
US South native

Perennial,
Shrub
Eubotrys recurva BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0



BNA


Images, wsp
Leucothoe[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Gaultherieae — Leucothoe
Leucothoe Doghobble N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Steud.) Sleumer

Highland dog-hobble Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent
Leucothe fontanesia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp
 (Lam.) D.Don

1783. Andromeda axillaris Lam.
1788. Andromeda catesbaei Walter
1809. Andromeda walteri Willd.
1834. Leucothoe axillaris D.Don
1856. Leucothoe catesbaei A.Gray
Coastal doghobble Introduced,
US South native,
Cultivated,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Shrub
Leucothoe axillaris3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Vaccinieae[edit]

The Vaccinieae contain the morphologically similar huckleberries (Gaylussacia) and blueberries (Vaccinium).
Gaylussacia[edit]
Gaylussacia bigeloviana
bog huckleberry

Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Gaylussacia
Gaylussacia Huckleberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

1787. Andromeda baccata Wangenh.
1872. Gaylussacia baccata K.Koch
1900. G. resinosa var. glaucocarpa B.L.Rob.
1907. G. baccata var. glaucocarpa Mack.
1933. Decachaena baccata Small
Black huckleberry Native,
Secure
Gaylussacia baccata 5497208.jpg
Gaylussacia baccata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) Torr. & A.Gray

1753. Vaccinium frondosum L.
1843. Gaylussacia frondosa Torr. & A.Gray
1933. Decachaena frondosa ex Small
Blue huckleberry,
Dangleberry
Native,
Likely secure
Gaylussacia frondosa NRCS-01.jpg
Gaylussacia frondosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
(Fernald) Sorrie & Weakley

var. bigeloviana Fernald
1933. Lasiococcus dumosus var. bigelovianus
Fernald
2007. Gaylussacia bigeloviana Sorrie & Weakley
 auct. Gaylussacia dumosanon (Andrews) A.Gray
Dwarf huckleberry,
Bog huckleberry
Native,
Endangered
Gaylussacia bigeloviana WFNY-157B.jpg
Gaylussacia bigeloviana nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Vaccinium[edit]
The genus Vaccinium comprises the blueberries, cranberries, huckleberries and similar shrubs. It is here broken down into sections as described in Flora of North America.[1]
Vaccinium sect. Cyanococcus[edit]
Section Cyanococcus was described by Asa Gray in Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Science in 1846.[1] This section contains all of the New York blueberry species except the alpine blueberry.
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium sect. Cyanococcus
Vacciniumsect. Cyanococcus Blueberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Aiton

1789. Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton
1861. V. pensylvanicum var. nigrum
1894. V. nigrum (Alph.Wood) Britton
1914. V. brittonii Porter ex E. P. Bicknell
1931. Cyanococcus angustifolium
(Aiton) Rydb.
1943. V. lamarckii Camp
Lowbush blueberry,
Late lowbush blueberry,
Low sweet blueberry,
Late sweet blueberry,
Sweet-hurts
Bleuet à feuilles étroites,
Airelle de Pennsylvanie
Native, C:4,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - shade
2016-09 Monts Valin 23.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Vaccinium corymbosum L.
    
    
Highbush blueberry,
Swamp blueberry,
Whortleberry,
New Jersey blueberry,
Southern blueberry
Bleuet en corymbe
Native, C:6,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub
2013-08-25 14 02 03 Closeup of blueberries along the shore of Spring Lake at 88 Lake Road in Berlin, New York.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
E.P.Bicknell (pro sp.)

Vaccinium angustifolium ×
Vaccinium corymbosum

    
    
    
Atlantic huckleberry,
Hybrid of
 Lowbush blueberry &
 Highbush blueberry
Native,
Unranked

Perennial,
Shrub
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx.

1803. Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx.
1823. V. canadense Kalm ex Richardson
1917. Cyanococcus canadensis
(Kalm ex Richardson) Rydb.
1921. V. angustifolium var. myrtilloides
    
Velvet-leaved blueberry,
Velvet-leaved huckleberry,
Velvetleaf huckleberry,
Sour-top blueberry,
Sourtop,
Canada blueberry
Bleuet fausse-myrtille,
Bleuet rameau-velouté,
Bleuet du Canada,
Bleuets,
Airelle fausse-myrtille,
Airelle faux-myrtille,
Airelle du Canada
Native, C:7,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub
Vaccinium myrtilloides berries.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Aiton

1789. Vaccinium pallidum Aiton
1856. V. corymbosum var. pallidum
1933. Cyanococcus pallidus
(Aiton) Small
Early lowbush blueberry,
Late lowbush blueberry,
Blue Ridge blueberry,
Hillside blueberry
Native, C:7,
Secure

Perennial,
Shrub
Vaccinium pallidum - Blue Ridge Blueberry.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 I.V.Hall & Aalders

1848. V. pensylvanicum var. angustifolium
1861. V. pensylvanicum var. alpinum
1961. V. boreale I.V.Hall & Aalders
Northern blueberry,
High-mountain blueberry,
Sweet hurts
Bleuet boréal
Native, C:10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

Perennial,
Shrub
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Vaccinium sect. Vaccinium[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium sect. Vaccinium
Vacciniumsect. Vaccinium Blueberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Alpine blueberry,
Bog blueberry,
Bog bilberry,
Bog whortleberry,
Northern bilberry,
Airelle de marécages
Native,
Rare
Ripe bilberries, Dipton Wood - geograph.org.uk - 1472503.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Vaccinium sect. Myrtillus[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium sect. Myrtillus
Vacciniumsect. Myrtillus Dwarf blueberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Michx.

1803. V. caespitosum Michx.
1818. V. geminiflorum Kunth
1899. V. arbuscula (A.Gray) Merriam
1942. V. nivictum Camp
1942. V. paludicola Camp
Dwarf bilberry,
Dwarf blueberry
Airelle gazonnante
Native,
Endangered
Vaccinium caespitosum 3-eheep (5097507665).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Vaccinium sect. Oxycoccus[edit]

Cranberries (Vaccinium sect. Oxycoccus) can be found in acidic bogs throughout the state.

Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium sect. Oxycoccus
Vacciniumsect. Oxycoccus Cranberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Aiton

1789. Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton
1803. V. oxycoccos var. oblongifolium
1805. Oxycoccus macrocarpos
(Aiton) Pers.
1805. O. palustris var. macrocarpos
1894. Schollera macrocarpos
(Aiton) Britton
Cranberry,
Large cranberry,
American cranberry
Canneberge à gros fruits,
Ronce d'Amérique
Native, C:8,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub
Vaccinium macrocarpon01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Vaccinium oxycoccos L.
    
    
Cranberry,
Small cranberry,
European cranberry
Canneberge commune
Native, C:8,
Secure,
(circumboreal)

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub
Vaccinium oxycoccos 09072.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Vaccinium sect. Polycodium[edit]
Ericales — Ericaceae — Vaccinoideae — Vaccinieae — Vaccinium sect. Polycodium
Vacciniumsect. Polycodium Deerberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Deerberry,
Southern-gooseberry
Native,
Secure
Vaccineum stamineum 1120600.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

References[edit]