Flora of New York/Cornales

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Caryophyllales 3
Flora of New York — Cornales
Ericales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genera G T
Cornales Hydrangeaceae Hydrangeoideae Philadelpheae Deutzia (pride of Rochester)
Philadelphus (mock orange)
2 5
Hydrangeae Hydrangea (hydrangea)
Decumaria (climbing hydrangea, woodvamp)
2 4
Cornaceae Cornoideae Cornus (dogwood) 1 12
Nyssoideae Nyssa (tupelo) 1 1

Family Hydrangeaceae[edit]

The Hydrangeaceae (hydrangea family) has about nine species in four genera growing outside of cultivation. Many of these are native to the southeastern United States, but have been introduced in northern states and Canada.

Subfamily Hydrangeoideae[edit]

Tribe Philadelpheae[edit]

Genus Philadelphus[edit]
fam. Hydrangeaceae – subfam. Hydrangeoideae – tribe Philadelpheae – genus Philadelphus
Philadelphus Mock orange N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

1753. Philadelphus inodorus L.
1794. Syringa inodora Moench
1809. Philadelphus grandiflorus Willd.
1856. P. inodorus var. grandiflorus Willd.
1902. Philadelphus floridus Beadle
1902. Philadelphus gloriosus Beadle
Scentless mock orange

Seringa inodore
Introduced,
US South native

Perennial,
Shrub
Philadelphus inodorus grandiflorus (9243911908) 4x3.jpg
Philadelphus inodorus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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 Beadle

1753. Philadelphus inodorus L.[1]
1902. Philadelphus floridus Beadle
Florida mock orange,
Beadle's mockorange,
Few-flower mock orange

Philadelphe de Beadle,
Seringat de Beadle,
Seringa très fleuri
Introduced,
US South native

Perennial,
Shrub
Philadelphus inodorus drawing 03.png
Philadelphus floridus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 
Images, wsp
 Loisel.
var. pubescens

1820. Philadelphus pubescens Loisel.
1828. Philadelphus latifolius Schrad. ex DC.
Hoary mock-orange,
Hairy mock-orange,
Broadleaf mock-orange

Seringa à grandes feuilles
Introduced,
US South native

Perennial,
Shrub
Philadelphus pubescens 2.jpg
Philadelphus pubescens nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Philadelphus coronarius L.
Sweet mock-orange,
Sweet mock orange

Seringat des jardins,
Seringa commun
Introduced from
 Eurasia

Perennial,
Shrub
Philadelphus coronarius.jpg
Philadelphus coronarius nymap.svg
NYFA-X
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  1. NatureServe Explorer indicates that Philadelphus floridus "may prove to be only a form of P. inodorus (Weakley 1996)", although it was "accepted by Kartesz (1999) as a Georgia endemic."
Genus Deutzia[edit]
fam. Hydrangeaceae – subfam. Hydrangeoideae – tribe Philadelpheae – genus Deutzia
Deutzia Pride-of-Rochester N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Thunb.

1784. Deutzia scabra Thunb.
1835. Deutzia crenata Siebold & Zucc.
1867. Deutzia sieboldiana Maxim.
1905. D. sieboldiana var. dippeliana (i)
     D. scabra var. candidissima Rehder
Fuzzy deutzia,
Fuzzy pride-of-Rochester
Introduced from
 Japan,
IO

Perennial,
Shrub
Deutzia scabra D.jpg
Deutzia scabra nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

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Tribe Hydrangeae[edit]

Genus Hydrangea[edit]
fam. Hydrangeaceae – subfam. Hydrangeoideae – tribe Hydrangeae – genus Hydrangea
Hydrangea Hydrangea N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Hydrangea arborescens L.
1768. Viburnum americanum Mill.
1785. Viburnum alnifolium Marshall
1840. Hydrangea arborescens
   var.
oblonga Torr. & A.Gray
1840. Hydrangea arborescens
   var.
sterilis Torr. & A.Gray
Wild hydrangea,
American hydrangea,
Smooth hydrangea
Native,
Threatened

Perennial,
Shrub
Hydrangea arborescens0.jpg
Hydrangea arborescens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
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NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Ashy hydrangea Introduced,
US South native
Hydrangea cinerea drawing.png
Hydrangea cinerea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Panicle hydrangea,
Panicled hydrangea

Hortensia paniculé
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Hydrangea paniculata 02 ies.jpg
Hydrangea paniculata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
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Images, wsp
 W.Bartram

1791. Hydrangea quercifolia W.Bartram
1791. Hydrangea radiata Sm. non Walter
Oakleaf hydrangea Introduced,
US South native,
No specimens

Perennial,
Shrub
Hydrangea quercifolia.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N



NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Genus Decumaria[edit]
fam. Hydrangeaceae – subfam. Hydrangeoideae – tribe Hydrangeae – genus Decumaria
Decumaria Woodvamp N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1763. Decumaria barbara L.
Climbing hydrangea,
Woodvamp,
Wood-vamp
Introduced from
 southeast Virginia south,
US South native

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Woody vine
Decumaria barbara3.JPG
Decumaria barbara NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Family Cornaceae[edit]

The Cornaceae (dogwood family) has about a dozen, mostly native taxa represented outside of cultivation in New York.

Subfamily Nyssoideae[edit]

Genus Nyssa[edit]

The genus Nyssa, here included in the subfamily Nyssoideae has also been included in its own, Nyssaceae family, within Cornales.

fam. Cornaceae – subfam. Nyssoideae – genus Nyssa
Nyssa Tupelo N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Marshall

1785. Nyssa sylvatica Marshall
1787. Nyssa multiflora Wangenh.
1798. Nyssa caroliniana Poir.
1935. N. sylvatica var. caroliniana Fernald
1935. N. sylvatica var. dilatata Fernald
1935. N. sylvatica var. typica Fernald
Blackgum,
Black-gum,
Black gum,
Black tupelo,
Sourgum,
Sour-gum,
Pepperidge

Nyssa sylvestre,
Gommier noir,
Gommier jaune
Native,
Secure
Nyssa sylvatica 1116138.jpg
Nyssa sylvatica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
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Images, wsp

Subfamily Cornoideae[edit]

Genus Cornus[edit]

The genus Cornus (the dogwoods) are here organized by the subgenera used by VASCAN[1] for this genus. The subgenera are further placed into two groups based on the general fruit color, which has been shown to fairly reflect the phylogenic relationship within this genus.[2]

Cornus with blue or white fruit[edit]

The dogwood taxa in the clade with blue or white fruit are sometimes placed in the genus Swida Opiz (1838).[3]

fam. Cornaceae – subfam. Cornoideae – genus Cornus
Cornussubg. Kraniopsis Blue-fruit dogwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
 L.
ssp. sericea

1771. Cornus sericea L.
1803. C. stolonifera Michx.
1890. C. baileyi J.M.Coult.& W.H.Evans
1903. C. alba var. coloradensis
1904. Swida stolonifera (Michx.) Rydb.
1909. C. stolonifera var. coloradensis
1910. C. alba ssp. stolonifera
1933. C. stolonifera var. baileyi
1967. C. alba var. baileyi
1967. C. alba var. interior
1987. Swida sericea Holub
2000. Swida alba ssp. stolonifera
Red-osier dogwood,
Red-rood dogwood,
Red-stem dogwood,
Red-twig dogwood,
American dogwood

Cornouiller stolonifère,
Cornouiller hart-rouge,
Hart-rouge
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Tree-shrub
Cornus sericea 0738.jpg
Cornus sericea ssp sericea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
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Images, wsp
 Mill.
ssp. amomum

1768. Cornus amomum Mill.
1903. Swida amomum Small
1950. Thelycrania amomum Pojark.
Silky dogwood,
Silky cornel,
Red-willow
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure
Cornus amomum flowers 01.JPG
Cornus amomum ssp amomum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
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Images, wsp
 Mill.
ssp. obliqua (Raf.) J.S.Wilson

1819. Cornus obliqua Raf.
1845. C. sericea var. schuetzeana
1899. C. purpusii Koehne
1934. C. amomum var. schuetzeana
1944. Swida obliqua Moldenke
1965. C. amomum ssp. obliqua
Silky dogwood,
Swamp dogwood,
Pale dogwood,
Narrowleaf dogwood,
Narrow-leaved dogwood

Cornouiller oblique
Native, CoC: 6,
Threatened
Cornus amomum 03.jpg
Cornus amomum ssp obliqua NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2?
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS
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Images, wsp
 Lam.

1786. Cornus racemosa Lam.
1789. C. paniculata L’Hér.
1964. C. foemina ssp. racemosa
1943. Swida racemosa Moldenke
1959. Thelycrania racemosa Tsitsin
Gray dogwood,
Panicled dogwood,
Red-panicled dogwood,
Northern swamp dogwood

Cornouiller à grappes
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure
Northern Swamp Dogwood berries.jpg
Cornus racemosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can




Images, wsp
 Lam.

1786. Cornus rugosa Lam.
1789. Cornus circinata L'Hér.
1913. Swida circinata Small
1932. Swida rugosa Rydb.
1950. Thelycrania rugosa Pojark.
Roundleaf dogwood,
Round-leaf dogwood,
Round-leaved dogwood

Cornouiller rugueux
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
Cornus rugosa 5474509.jpg
Cornus rugosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
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 C.A.Mey.

1845. Cornus drummondii C.A.Mey.
1901. Cornus priceae Small
1903. Swida priceae Small
1950. Thelycrania priceae Pojark.
1960. Swida drummondii Soják
Northern roughleaf dogwood,
Drummond's dogwood

Cornouiller de Drummond
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered
Cornus drummondii1.jpg
Cornus drummondii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
Can




Images, wsp

Cornus rugosa ×
Cornus sericea
Slavin's dogwood Native,
No recent reports
Cornus rugosa 5474510-v.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngCornus sericea 1208027.jpg
Cornus × slavinii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-H
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Cornussubg. Mesomera Blue-fruit dogwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
 L.f.

1782. Cornus alternifolia L.f.
1903. Swida alternifolia Small
1950. Bothrocaryum alternifolium
   Pojark.
Alternate-leaf dogwood,
Pagoda dogwood,
Green osier

Cornouiller à feuilles alternes
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
Cornus alternifolia 5473422.jpg
Cornus alternifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
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Images, wsp
Cornus with red fruit[edit]
fam. Cornaceae – subfam. Cornoideae – genus Cornus
Cornussubg. Arctocrania Dwarf dogwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
 L.

1753. Cornus canadensis L.
1784. Cornus herbacea var. canadensis (i)
1899. Chamaepericlymenum
   canadense
 Asch. & Graebn.[1]
1906. Cornella canadensis Rydb.
1909. Arctocrania canadensis Nakai
Bunchberry,
Pudding berry,
Crackerberry,
Dwarf cornel,
Canada dwarf-dogwood

Cornouiller quatre-temps,
Cornouiller du Canada
Native,
Likely secure
Bunchberry plants.jpg
Cornus canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
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Images, wsp
Cornussubg. Cynoxylon Big-bract dogwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
 L.

1753. Cornus florida L.
1838. Cynoxylon floridum Raf.
1839. Benthamidia florida Spach[2]
1909. Benthamia florida Nakai
Flowering dogwood,
White dogwood,
Eastern flowering dogwood,
Big-bracted-dogwood

Cornouiller fleuri,
Cornouiller à fleurs,
Cornouiller de Floride
Native,
Likely secure
2013-05-04 15 02 36 Cornus florida blossoms in Ewing, NJ.jpg
Cornus florida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
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Images, wsp
 Hance

1873. Cornus kousa Hance
1830. Cornus japonica DC. nom. illeg.
1836. Benthamia japonica Siebold & Zucc.
1942. Dendrobenthamia japonica Hutch.
1948. Benthamidia japonica H.Hara[3]
Kousa dogwood,
Kousa big-bract-dogwood,
Japanese dogwood
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Cornus kousa 001.jpg
Cornus kousa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X-
NEW 




Images, wsp
Cornussubg. Cornus Cornelian cherry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 12
 L.

1753. Cornus mas L.
1909. Macrocarpium mas (L.) Nakai
Cornelian cherry

Cornouiller mâle
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia
CornusMas Fruits 01.jpg
Cornus mas NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X-





Images, wsp
  1. Flora Novae Angliae treats Cornus canadensis as Chamaepericlymenum canadense (L.) Asch. & Graebn.
  2. Flora Novae Angliae treats Cornus florida as Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach.
  3. Flora Novae Angliae treats Cornus kousa as Benthamidia japonica (Siebold & Zucc.) H.Hara.