Flora of New York/Dipsacales

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Apiales
Flora of New York — Dipsacales
Lycophytes
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Dipsacales is here organized, down to subfamily, according to the system presented in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website.[1]
Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genera G T
Dipsacales Adoxaceae Opuloideae Viburneae Viburnum (hobblebush, nannyberry, arrowwood, possumhaw, cranberrybush) 1 19
Adoxoideae Sambuceae Sambucus (elderberry) 1 3
Adoxeae Adoxa (muskroot) 1 1
Caprifoliaceae Diervilloideae Diervilla (northern bush-honeysuckle)
Weigela (crimson weigela)
2 2
Caprifolioideae Triosteeae Triosteum (horse-gentian) 1 3
Caprifolieae Lonicera (honeysuckle)
Symphoricarpos (snowberry)
2 24
Linnaeoideae Linnaea (twinflower)
Kolkwitzia (beautybush)
2 2
Dipsacoideae Succiseae Succisella (frosted pearls) 1 1
Dipsaceae Dipsacus (teasel) 1 3
Knautieae Knautia (scabious, blue-buttons) 1 1
Scabioseae Scabiosa (scabious, pincushions) 1 1
Valerianoideae Valeriana (valerian)
Valerianella (corn salad)
2 6

Family Adoxaceae[edit]

The Adoxaceae (moschatel or muskroot family) in New York contains about 14 species of Viburnum, three species of Sambucus (elderberries), and the endangered Adoxa moschatellina (muskroot). The Adoxaceae members are often included in the Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family), and have the characteristic opposite-leaf pattern of that family.

Subfamily Opuloideae[edit]

Tribe Viburneae[edit]

Genus Viburnum[edit]

The four major clades of Viburnum, proposed by Donoghue, Winkworth and Clement,[1] are all represented in New York by about 14 species (17 taxa) of woody plants.
Viburnum clade Lantana[edit]
Dipsacales — Adoxaceae — Opuloideae — Viburneae — Viburnumclade Lantana
Viburnumsect. Lentago Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 L.

1753. Viburnum lentago L.
1889. Viburnum × vetteri Zabel
Nannyberry,,
Nanny-berry,
Sweet viburnum,
Black haw,
Sheepberry
Viorne flexible,
Viorne lentago,
Alisier, bourdaine
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 4,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun - shade
Viburnum lentago 5350059.jpg
Viburnum lentago NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. cassinoides (L.) Torr. & A.Gray

1762. Viburnum cassinoides L.
1789. Viburnum nitidum Aiton
1841. V. nudum var. cassinoides
1956. V. cassinoides var. nitidum
[1]
1956. V. cassinoides var. harbisonii
Northern wild raisin,
Wild raisin,
Withe-rod,
Witherod viburnum,
Witherwood,
Swamp haw,
Possumhaw
Viorne cassinoïde,
Alises,
Alisier,
Bleuets sains,
Bourdaine
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure

OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun - shade
Wild raisin Viburnum cassinoides flowers leaves.jpg
Viburnum nudum var cassinoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. nudum

    Viburnum nudum L.
    V. cassinoides var. angustifolium
Southern wild-rasin,
Possumhaw,
Withe-rod
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Endangered

OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Tree-shrub
Viburnum nudum flowers.jpg
Viburnum nudum var nudum nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW 

Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Viburnum prunifolium L.
1924. Viburnum bushii Ashe
1935. Viburnum prunifolium var. bushii
Black-haw
Blackhaw
Black haw
Sweet-haw
Stagbush
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 4,
Likely secure

FACU

Perennial,
Shrub,
Part shade
1554-Viburnum prunifolium-DZ-8.12.JPG
Viburnum prunifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N0

ARS 
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Viburnumsect. Pseudotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Michx.

1783. Viburnum lantana
var. latifolium C.F.Ludwig
1789. Viburnum lantana
var. grandifolium Aiton
1803. Viburnum lantanoides Michx.
1817. Viburnum grandifolium Smith
[2]
 auctViburnum alnifoliumnon Marsh.
Hobblebush,
Alder-leaved viburnum,
American wayfaring tree,
Witch hobble
Viorne bois-d'orignal,
Viorne faux-lantana,
Viorne à feuilles d'aulne
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Shrub
Viburnum lantanoides (21011835510).gif
Viburnum lantanoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Viburnumsect. Lantana Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Viburnum lantana L.
1779. V. tomentosum Lam
1796. V. pallidum Salisb. (i)
1812. V. farinosum Stokes (i)
    V. lantana var. sphaerocarpum
    V. lantana var. glabratum
    V. aragonensis Pau
Wayfaring tree,
Mealytree,
Wayfaring viburnum
Viorne mancienne
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 53%[3],
CP-5[4] NE-4[5]

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Viburnum lantana sl3.jpg
Viburnum lantana nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
Viburnumsect. Lantana (excluded taxa) Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Hemsl.

Leatherleaf,
Leatherleaf arrowwood,
Leatherleaf viburnum
Introduced from
 Japan,
N.Y. excluded

Perennial,
Shrub
Viburnum rhytidophyllum (3).JPG
Viburnum rhytidophyllum nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
  1. W. L. McAtee (1956). A Review of the Nearctic Viburnum. Chapel Hill, N.C. 125 pp.
  2. Steven D. Glenn (2013) Viburnum lantanoides Hobblebush, Technical Page. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden.
  3. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentViburnum lantana: Moderate (53). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  4. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  5. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Viburnum clade Solenotinus[edit]
Dipsacales — Adoxaceae — Opuloideae — Viburneae — Viburnumclade Solenotinus
Viburnumsect. Tomentosa Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 Thunb.

1784. V. tomentosum Thunb.
1794. V. plicatum Thunb.
1866. V. plicatum var. tomentosum
1880. V. tomentosum var. plicatum
Japanese snowball,
Doublefile viburnum
Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Potentially invasive,
NE-4[1]

Perennial,
Shrub
Viburnum plicatum01.jpg
Viburnum plicatum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Note: VT
Viburnumsect. Solenotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19

Siebold viburnum,
Siebold’s arrowwood
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 62%[2],
CP-5[3] NE-4[1]

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
2867-Viburnum sieboldii-Arb.Brno-8.12.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
  1. a b Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentViburnum sieboldii: Moderate (62).
  3. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Viburnum clade Oreinodontotinus[edit]
The viburnum leaf beetle (Pyrrhalta viburni) often defoliates smooth arrowwood (V. dentatum) and downy arrowwood (V. rafinesqueanum) from this clade, but Viburnum opulus is its preferred host.[1]
Dipsacales — Adoxaceae — Opuloideae — Viburneae — Viburnumclade Oreinodontotinus
Viburnumsect. Oreinodontotinus Arrowwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
var. lucidum Aiton

1789. V. dentatum var. lucidum
1924. V. ashei Bush
1941. V. recognitum Fernald
1953. V. recognitum var. alabamense
2011. V. alabamense (McAtee) Sorrie
Smooth arrowwood,
Northern arrowwood
Viorne litigieuse,
Viorne dentée
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 3,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Tree-shrub,
Sun - shade
Viburnum dentatum flowers.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN LBJ

Images, wsp
Note: [1]
var. venosum (Britton) Gleason

1901. V. venosum Britton
1952. V. dentatum var. venosum
1953. V. scabrellum var. venosum
Southern arrowwood N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Threatened

FAC

Perennial,
Tree-shrub,
Sun - shade
Viburnum dentatum 4661.jpg
Viburnum dentatum var venosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-N
NEW 


BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Viburnumsect. Mollodontotinus Arrowwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 Schult.

1820. V. rafinesquianum Schult.
1911. V. affine Bush
1918. V. affine var. hypomalacum
1935. V. rafinesquianum var. affine
Downy arrowwood,
Downy-leaved
  arrow-wood
Viorne de Rafinesque
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Shrub,
Part Shade - shade
Viburnum rafinesquianum 4-eheep (5097501067).jpg
Viburnum rafinesqueanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Viburnum clade Succodontotinus[edit]
Both sect. Lobata and sect. Opulis have leaves with somewhat of a maple-leaf shape. The native and invasive Eurasian variety of V. opulus are very similar in appearance, and some populations may be the result of introgression between the two.
Dipsacales — Adoxaceae — Opuloideae — Viburneae — Viburnumclade Succodontotinus
Viburnumsect. Lobata Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 L.

1753. V. acerifolium L.
1860. V. densiflorum Chapm.
1956. V. acerifolium var. densiflorum
Mapleleaf viburnum,
Maple-leaved viburnum,
Mapleleaf arrowwood,
Possum haw,
Dockmackie
Viorne à feuilles d'érable
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - shade
Viburnum acerifolium, mapleleaf viburnum, 19 Oct 2015, Wrentham, MA.jpg
Viburnum acerifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Viburnumsect. Opulus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 L.
var. americanum Aiton

1768. V. americanum Miller
1785. V. trilobum Marshall
1789. V. opulus var. americanum
1949. V. opulus ssp. trilobum
Highbush cranberry,
American cranberrybush,
Cranberrybush viburnum,
Mooseberry
Viorne trilobée,
Viorne pimbina
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 3,
Likely secure,
NE-5[1]

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - part shade
Viburnum opulus sl8.jpg
Viburnum opulus var americanum nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
Note: [2]
 L.
var. opulus

1753. V. opulus L.
1753. V. opulus var. roseum
1821. V. roseum Steud.
European cranberrybush,
Guelder rose
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 67%[3],
CP-3[4] NE-4[5]
Viburnum opulus sl11.jpg
Viburnum opulus var opulus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
Note: [6]
 (Michx.) Raf.

1803. V. opulus var. edule
1808. V. edule Raf.
1838. V. opulus var. pauciflorum
1841. V. pauciflorum Torr. & A.Gray
Squashberry,
Mooseberry,
Moosewood viburnum,
Few-flowered
  cranberry bush
Viorne comestible,
Pimbina
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Threatened

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub
Viburnum edule 1208002.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Viburnumsect. Succodontotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
Thunb.

1784. V. dilatatum Thunb.
1911. V. brevipes Rehder
1966. V. d. var. macrophyllum
1966. V. fulvotomentosum P.S.Hsu
1988. V. d. var. fulvotomentosum
Linden arrowwood,
Linden viburnum
Introduced from
 China,
 Japan,
 South Korea,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 57%[7],
NE-L[5] IPA,
Sun - part shade
Viburnum dilatatum (37484735626).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Note: [8][9][10]
Hance

1882. V. setigerum Hance
1907. V. theiferum Rehder
1911. V. bodinieri H. Lév.
1965. V. setigerum var. sulcatum
Tea viburnum,
Tea-leaf viburnum
Introduced from
 Cina,
 Taiwan,
Invasive,
NYIS: 41%[11]
Viburnum setigerum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Adoxoideae[edit]

Tribe Sambuceae[edit]

Genus Sambucus[edit]

The name Sambucus is likely derived from the Latin sambuca (a type of harp).

Dipsacales — Adoxaceae — Adoxoideae — Sambuceae — Sambucus
Sambucus Elderberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3

1753. Sambucus racemosa L.
1803. Sambucus pubens Michx.
1892. Sambucus callicarpa Greene
1901. Sambucus microbotrys Rydb.
1913. S. racemosa ssp. pubens House
Red elderberry,
Scarlet elder,
Red-berried elder,
Bunchberry elder
Sureau rouge
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 6,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Shrub,
Shade
Sambucus racemosa 01.JPG
Sambucus racemosa var racemosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ
MBG 
Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. canadensis (L.) R.Bolli

1753. S. canadensis L.
1884. S. canadensis var. laciniata
1911. S. simpsonii Rehder
1994. S. nigra ssp. canadensis
2003. S. nigra var. canadensis
Common elderberry,
American
  black elderberry,
Black elder,
American elder
Sureau blanc,
Sirop blanc,
Sureau du Canada
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 4,
Secure

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Shrub,
Part shade
Sambucus nigra ssp canadensis 1120589.jpg
Sambucus nigra ssp canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

LBJ
MBG 
Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. nigra

1753. Sambucus nigra L.
1753. Sambucus nigra var. laciniata L.
1769. Sambucus laciniata Mill.
European
  black elderberry
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent,
No specimens

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Shrub
Sambucus nigra1 ies.jpg
Sambucus ebulus nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


MBG 
Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Sambucus ebulus L.
Dwarf elderberry,
Dwarf elder,
Danewort
Sureau yèble
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
No specimens
Sambucus ebulus-Sureau Yèble-Fleurs-20150616.jpg
Sambucus ebulus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Adoxeae[edit]

Genus Adoxa[edit]

The sole member of the Adoxa genus is muskroot (Adoxa moschatellina), which is considered endangered in New York.

Dipsacales — Adoxaceae — Adoxoideae — Adoxeae — Adoxa
Adoxa Muskroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution
 L.

    Adoxa moschatellina L.
Muskroot,
Musk-root,
Musk root,
Moschatel,
Townhall clock
Moscatelline
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1],
NYNHP: 1[2]

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Adoxa moschatellina-Japan 2.JPG
Adoxa moschatellina nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW-0Can


BNA


Images, wsp

Family Caprifoliaceae[edit]

Caprifoliaceae is represented by the "Cap" in "MADCap Horse", the mnemonic used to recall which trees and shrubs have opposite leaves. (The other trees being Maple, Ash, Dogwood, and Horse-chestnut.)

Subfamily Diervilloideae[edit]

The Diervilloideae is also commonly treated as Diervillaceae Pyck (1998) (bush honeysuckle family). It should be noted that most of the non-native Caprifoliaceae species in New York also take the form of a bushes or shrubs commonly called bush honesuckle (Lonicera spp.) and are considered to be highly invasive.

Genus Diervilla[edit]

Diervilla lonicera

Diervilla contaiins three species of eastern North American bush honeysuckle. It was named in honor of the French surgeon and writer, Sieur de Dièreville, who introduced the genus to Europe after his travels to Acadia around 1700.

Its only New York native, Northern bush-honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera), is considered to be a good replacement for the invasive exotic bush honeysuckles (in Lonicera sect. Coeloxylosteum). Diervilla's other two species (D. rivularis and D. sessilifolia are native to limited regions of the southeastern U.S.


Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Diervilloideae — Diervilla
Diervilla Bush-honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Mill.

1753. Lonicera diervilla L.
1768. D. lonicera Mill.
1803. D. tournefortii Michx.
1892. D. diervilla MacMill. (i)
1940. D. lonicera var. hypomalaca
Northern bush-honeysuckle,
Bush-honeysuckle
Dièreville chèvrefeuille,
Herbe bleue
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 6,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Shrub,
Shade, part shade,
Diervilla lonicera kz1.jpg
Diervilla lonicera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ
FED 
Images, wsp

Genus Weigela[edit]

Weigela is native to eastern Asia and has been planted in New York as an ornamental shrub. It has been known to naturalize in some areas.
Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Diervilloideae — Weigela
WeigelaThunberg (1780) Weigela N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Siebold & Zucc.) K.Koch

1839. Diervilla floribunda Siebold & Zucc.
1854. W. floribunda (Siebold & Zucc.) K.Koch
 auct. W. floribunda var. versicolor
Weigela,
Crimson weigela
Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Naturalized
Weigela floribunda kz2.jpg
Weigela floribunda NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW 
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
 Thunb.

1780. Weigela japonica Thunb.
1830. Diervilla japonica (Thunb.) DC.
1839. Diervilla versicolor Siebold & Zucc.
1927. Diervilla floribunda var. versicolor
Japanese weigela Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Unknown naturalization
Weigela japonica kz1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-EXCL

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Caprifolioideae[edit]

The Caprifolioideae (honeysuckle family)...

Tribe Triosteeae[edit]

Genus Triosteum[edit]

Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Caprifolioideae — Triosteeae — Triosteum
Triosteum Horse-gentian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 E.P.Bicknell

Orangefruit horse-gentian,
Wild coffee,
Coffee tinker's weed
N.Y. native,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Triosteum aurantiacum.jpg
Triosteum aurantiacum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Perfoliate-leaved horse-gentian,
Perfoliate tinker's-weed,
Feverwort
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Triosteum perfoliatum.jpg
Triosteum perfoliatum nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

Lesser horse-gentian,
Yellowfruit horse-gentian,
Yellow-leaved tinker's-weed,
Narrow-leaved horse gentian
N.Y. native,
Likely extirpated
Triosteum angustifolium BB-1913.png
Triosteum angustifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Caprifolieae[edit]

Genus Lonicera[edit]

Members of the Lonicera genus are mostly known as honeysuckle. There are seven native New York honeysuckles and a couple other North American honeysuckles. But there are also about a dozen Eurasian honeysuckles found in New York, many of which have become quite prevalent and are considered highly invasive in the Northeast.
Lonicera subg. Caprifolium[edit]
Subgenus Caprifolium contains vining or trailing shrub honeysuckles with perfoliate leaves immediately beneath the flowers.
Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Caprifolioideae — Caprifolieae — Lonicera — subg. Caprifolium
Lonicerasubg. Caprifolium Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.

1767. Lonicera dioica L.
1830. Caprifolium douglasii Lindl.
1830. L. douglasii (Lindl.) DC.
1896. L. hirsuta var. glaucescens
1897. L. glaucescens Rydb.
1912. L. dioica var. glaucescens
1929. L. dioica var. douglasii
1982. L. dioica ssp. glaucescens
Smooth honeysuckle
Limber honeysuckle
Glaucous honeysuckle
Mountain honeysuckle
Wild honeysuckle
Red honeysuckle
Douglas honeysuckle

Dhèvrefeuille dioïque
Chèvrefeuille glauque
N.Y. native,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Vine, shrub
Lonicera dioica 5496930-2.jpg
Lonicera dioica var dioica nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Note: [1]
 Eaton

1818. Lonicera hirsuta Eaton
1826. Lonicera pubescens Sweet
1952. Lonicera hirsuta
var. interior Gleason
1968. Lonicera hirsuta
var. schindleri B.Boivin
Hairy honeysuckle
Chèvrefeuille hirsute,
Chèvrefeuille hérissé
N.Y. native,
Likely secure

FAC

Perennial,
Vine
Lonicera hirsuta 3-eheep (5097916696).jpg
Lonicera hirsuta nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lonicera sempervirens L.
1768. Periclymenum sempervirens L.
1789. L. sempervirens var. minor Aiton
1802. Caprifolium sempervirens Moench
1895. Phenianthus sempervirens Raf.
1903. L. sempervirens var. hirsutula Rehder
Trumpet honeysuckle,
Coral honeysuckle
Chèvrefeuille toujours vert
N.Y. native,
Likely secure

FACU-FAC

Perennial,
Vine
Coral honeysuckle.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Schmidt ex Tausch

Lonicera caprifolium ×
Lonicera etrusca

Italian honeysuckle
Clématite des jardins
Introduced,
Europe native

Perennial,
Vine
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
Lonicerasubg. Caprifolium (excluded taxa) Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
 L. (1753)

Italian woodbine,
Italian honeysuckle,
Perfoliate honeysuckle
Clématite des jardins
Introduced,
Europe native

Perennial,
Vine
Tuinkamperfoelie R01.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Many references treat all varieties of Lonicera dioica as a single taxon, but the 2003 USDA Forest Service Conservation Assessment for Red Honeysuckle (Lonicera dioica L. var. glaucescens) (Rydb.) Butters states that "If it is to be accepted as a variety, its correct name should be Lonicera dioica var. douglasii (Lindl.) Farw., otherwise it could be considered a minor variation within Lonicera dioica L."
Lonicera subg. Lonicera[edit]
Lonicera sect. Isika & Nintooa[edit]
Because sect. Nintooa appears to be embedded within sect. Isika, these two sections have been placed in the following table together.[1]
Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Caprifolieae — Lonicera — subg. Lonicera
Lonicerasubg. Lonicerasect. Nintooa Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 Thunb.

Japanese honeysuckle Introduced from
 East Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 84%[1],
CP3[2] NE1[3]
Lonicera japonica 02.JPG
Lonicera japonica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Note: VT
Lonicerasubg. Lonicerasect. Isika Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
Lindl. & Paxton

Xylosteon fragrantissimum
Fragrant honeysuckle,
January jasmine,
Sweet-breath-of-spring
Introduced,
Invasive,
China native
Apis mellifera - Honeybee 05.jpg
Lonicera fragrantissima nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 Jacques

Standish's honeysuckle Introduced,
Impersistent
Lonicera fragrantissima subsp. standishii 1.jpg
Lonicera standishii nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
(Richardson) Banks ex Spreng.

1823. Xylosteon involucratum Richardson
1824. L. involucrata Banks ex Spreng.
1826. Lonicera ledebourii Eschsch.
p.p.
Twinberry honeysuckle,
Bearberry honeysuckle,
California honeysuckle,
Black twinberry
Introduced from
 west & north,
N. America native,
No NY reports,
Cultivated
Lonicera ledebourii 2pl.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLonicera spp.: Very high (84).
  2. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Lonicera sect. Coeloxylosteum[edit]
The Lonicera section Coeloxylosteum in New York contains native and naturalized "fly honeysuckles" including the very-highly invasve "exotic bush honeysuckles."
Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Caprifolioideae — Caprifolieae — Lonicera — subg. Lonicera
Lonicerasubg. Lonicerasect. Coeloxylosteum Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
Bartram & W.Bartram ex Marshall

1777. Lonicera canadensis Bartram
1785. Lonicera canadensis Marshall
1813. Xylosteon ciliatum Pursh
American fly-honeysuckle,
Canada fly honeysuckle[1],
Fly Honeysuckle[2]
Chèvrefeuille du Canada
N.Y. native,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - shade
Lonicera canadensis 5496033-1.jpg
Lonicera canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
(Goldie) Hook.

1822. Xylosteon oblongifolium Goldie
1833. Lonicera oblongifolia Hook.
1911. Lonicera oblongifolia
var. altissima Rehder
Swamp fly-honeysuckle
Chèvrefeuille
 à feuilles oblongues
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
Lonicera oblongifolia BB-1913.png
Lonicera oblongifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
(Michx.) Roem. & Schult.

1803. Xylosteon villosum Michx.
1819. Lonicera villosa Roem. & Schult.
1841. L. caerulea var. villosa
[3]
1982. L. caerulea ssp. villosa
Mountain fly-honeysuckle,
Northern fly-honeysuckle,
Velvet honeysuckle,
Blue fly honeysuckle
Chèvrefeuille velu
N.Y. native,
Vulnerable
RNN Ristolas - Mont Viso, Lonicera caerulea - img 43286.jpg
Lonicera villosa nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Raf.

1838. Lonicera reticulata Raf.
1864. Caprifolium proliferum G.Kirchn.
1884. Lonicera sullivantii A.Gray
1910. L. prolifera J.R.Booth ex Rehder
1952. L. prolifera var. glabra Gleason
Grape honeysuckle
Chèvrefeuille réticulé
Introduced from
 US Midwest,
N. America native
Lonicera prolifera.jpg
Lonicera reticulata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lonicera tatarica L.
1800. Lonicera sibirica Georgi
1803. Xylosteon tataricum Michx.
1891. Caprifolium tataricum Kuntze
Tatarian honeysuckle,
Tartarian honeysuckle
Clématite de Tartarie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86% [4],
CP2[5] NE1[6],
IPA VT
20140407Lonicera tatarica2.jpg
Lonicera tatarica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 A.Gray

1857. Lonicera morrowii A.Gray
1917. Lonicera insularis Nakai
1968. Xylosteon morrowii Moldenke
2011. Lonicera tatarica
var. morrowii Q.E.Yang et al.
Morrow's honeysuckle,
Asian fly honeysuckle
Chèvrefeuille de Morrow
Introduced from
 Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86% [4],
CP2[5] NE1[6],
IPAVT
Lonicera morrowii2.jpg
Lonicera morrowii nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Zabel

Lonicera morrowii ×
Lonicera tatarica

1889. Lonicera × bella Zabel
Bell's honeysuckle,
Showy fly honeysuckle,
Bella honeysuckle,
Whitebell honeysuckle
Chèvrefeuille de Bell,
Chèvrefeuille joli
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86% [4],
CP2[5] NE1[6],
IPA VT
Lonicera × bella, Portage, Michigan.JPG
Lonicera × bella nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 (Rupr.) Maxim.

1857. Xylosteon maackii Rupr.
1859. Lonicera maackii Maxim.
1864. Lonicera maackii Herder
1891. Caprifolium maackii Kuntze
Amur honeysuckle,
Bush honeysuckle,
Late honeysuckle,
Maack's honeysuckle
Chèvrefeuille de Maack,
Clématite de Maack
Introduced from
 Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 84% [4],
CP2,[5] NE1[6],
IPAVT
Lonicera maackii fruits.jpg
Lonicera maackii nymap.svg

NYFA-X
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lonicera xylosteum L.
1889. Lonicera segreziensis
   Lavallée ex Dippel
European fly honeysuckle,
Fly honeysuckle,
Dwarf honeysuckle
Chèvrefeuille à balais,
Camérisier à balais,
Clématite des haies
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: 33%[7],
CP4[8] NE4[9],
IPA
20140409Lonicera xylosteum3.jpg
Lonicera xylosteum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Tausch.

Lonicera tatarica ×
Lonicera xylosteum

1838. Lonicera × xylosteoides Tausch
Hybrid of
 Tatarian honeysuckle &
 European
  fly honeysuckle
Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Ny hybrid.svg
Lonicera × xylosteoides nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 Regel

1869. Lonicera ruprechtiana Regel
1891. Caprifolium ruprechtianum
Kuntze
1893. Lonicera × muscaviensis
Rehder
Manchurian honeysuckle,
Ruprecht's honeysuckle
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Potentially invasive,
Excluded
Lonicera ruprechtiana 2017-04-17 7422.jpg
Lonicera ruprechtiana nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Zabel

Lonicera ruprechtiana ×
Lonicera tatarica

1889. Lonicera × notha Zabel
Hybrid of
 Manchurian &
 Tatarian honeysuckle
Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Ny hybrid.svg
Lonicera × notha nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Northern Ontario Plant Database
  2. Connecticut Botanical Society
  3. GRIN treats Lonicera villosa as a synonym of L. caerulea var. villosa
  4. a b c d New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLonicera spp.: Very high (84-86). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  5. a b c d Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  6. a b c d Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  7. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLonicera xylosteum: Unknown (33).
  8. Appendix 4. Plant species that are considered moderately invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  9. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Genus Symphoricarpos[edit]

Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Caprifolioideae — Caprifolieae — Symphoricarpos
Symphoricarpos Snowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(L.) S.F.Blake
var. albus

    
    S. racemosus Michx.
    
Common snowberry,
Northern snowberry,
Thin-leaved snowberry,
White coralberry,
Waxberry
Symphorine blanche
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
20170620Symphoricarpos albus1.jpg
Symphoricarpos albus var albus nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
(L.) S.F.Blake
var. laevigatus
(Fernald) S.F. Blake

1905. S. racemosus var. laevigatus
1914. S. albus var. laevigatus
1927. S. rivularis Suksd.
    
Pacific snowberry,
Common snowberry,
Smooth-leaved snowberry,
Waxberry
Symphorine lisse,
Symphorine blanche lisse
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native
Symphoricarpos albus fruits.jpg
Symphoricarpos albus var laevigatus nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Moench

1753. Lonicera symphoricarpos L.
1794. S. orbiculatus Moench
1803. S. vulgaris Michx.
1892. S. symphoricarpos
(L.) MacMill. (i)
Buck brush,
Coralberry,
Indian-coralberry,
Indian-currant
Symphorine à baies-de-corail
Introduced,
N. America native
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus HRM1.JPG
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
Hook. (1833)

Wolfberry,
Western snowberry,
Northern snowberry
Introduced,
N. America native
Symphoricarposoccidentalis.jpg
Symphoricarpos occidentalis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subfamily Linnaeoideae[edit]

The Linnaeoideae (twinflower subfamily)...

Genus Linnaea[edit]

Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Linnaeoideae — Linnaea
LinnaeaL. Twinflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. americana
(Forbes) Hultén ex R.T. Clausen

    Linnaea americana Forbes
    L. borealis ssp. americana
    
Twinflower,
Longtube twinflower
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 9,
Likely secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb, subshrub
Linnaea borealis (7833482816).jpg
Linnaea borealis ssp americana nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 



LBJ

Images, wsp

Genus Kolkwitzia[edit]

Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Linnaeoideae — Kolkwitzia
Kolkwitzia Beautybush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Graebn.

1901. Kolkwitzia amabilis Graebn.
    
    
Beautybush,
Cold-whiskey-plant,
Buisson de beauté
Introduced Kolkwitzia amabilis in Jardin des Plantes of Paris 09.jpg
Kolkwitzia amabilis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subfamily Dipsacoideae[edit]

The Dipsacoideae (teasel subfamily) is native to a region centered on the Mediterranean and has no members that are native to the western hemisphere.[1]

Tribe Succiseae[edit]

Genus Succisella[edit]

Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Dipsacoideae — Succiseae — Succisella
SuccisellaBeck Succisella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Kluk) Beck

1803. Scabiosa australis Wulfen
1809. Scabiosa inflexa Kluk
1830. Succisa australis Rchb.
1893. Succisella inflexa Beck
Southern succisella,
Frosted pearls
Succiselle infléchie
Introduced ÖBG 2010-09-23 Succisella inflexa 1.jpg
Succisella inflexa nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can





Images, wsp

Tribe Dipsaceae[edit]

Genus Dipsacus[edit]

Teasels (Dipsacus spp.) are common weeds in New York, introduced from Eurasia. The most common are the "wild fuller's teasels" (D. fullonum). The least common are the "cultivated fuller's teasels" (D. sativus) which have been used as natural combs in the textile industry since the Middle Ages.[1] Cut-leaf teasels have turned out to be the most invasive. They seem to be increasing in population and are on the DEC's list of Prohibited Invasive Species.[2][3]
Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Dipsacoideae — Dipsaceae — Dipsacus
DipsacusL. Teasel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Dipsacus laciniatus L.
Cutleaf teasel,
Cut-leaf teasel,
Cut-leaved teasel,
Laciniate teasel
Cardère découpée,
Cardère laciniée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 76%[1],
Prohibited[2]
Dipsacus laciniatus sl 1.jpg
Dipsacus laciniatus nymap.svg

NYFA-X
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Dipsacus fullonum L.
1762. Dipsacus sylvestris Huds.
1778. D. fullonum var. sylvestris Schmalh.
1962. D. fullonum ssp. sylvestris A.R.Clapham.
Common teasel,
Wild fuller's teasel,
Wild teazle
Cardaire sauvage
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Widespread weed
20150627Dipsacus fullonum2.jpg
Dipsacus fullonum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) Honckn.

1762. Dipsacus fullonum Huds.
1763. Dipsacus fullonum var. sativus L.
1767. Dipsacus sativus (L.) Garsault
1782. Dipsacus sativus (L.) Honckn.
1912. Dipsacus fullonum ssp. sativus Thell.
Cultivated teasel,
Cultivated fuller's teasel,
Indian teasel
Introduced from
 Mediterrean,
Impersistent
Dipsacus sativus 003.JPG
Dipsacus sativus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Knautieae[edit]

Genus Knautia[edit]

Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Dipsacoideae — Knautieae — Knautia
Knautia Scabious N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Coult.

1753. Scabiosa arvensis L.
1823. Knautia arvensis Coult.
Field scabiosa,
Field-scabious,
Bluebuttons,
Blue-buttons
Knautie des champs,
Scabieuse des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
IPA
20130528Tauben-Skabiose Reilingen2.jpg
Knautia arvensis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Scabioseae[edit]

Genus Scabiosa[edit]

Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Dipsacoideae — Scabioseae — Scabiosa
Scabiosa Pincushions N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Scabiosa columbaria L.
Dove pincushions,
Pincushion flower,
Yellow scabious
Oeil de perdrix,
Colombaire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
20140723Scabiosa columbaria1.jpg
Scabiosa columbaria nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subfamily Valerianoideae[edit]

The Valerianoideae is often included in the Valerianaceae (valerian family)...

Genus Valeriana[edit]

Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Valerianoideae — Valeriana
Valeriana Valerian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Torr. & A.Gray) Rydb.

1842. V. sylvatica var. uliginosa Torr. & A.Gray
1918. Valeriana uliginosa Rydb.
1901. Valeriana dubiosa Gand.
1951. V. sitchensis ssp. uliginosa F.G.Mey.
1952. V. septentrionalis var. uliginosa Gleason
1966. V. sitchensis var. uliginosa B.Boivin
Marsh valerian,
Swamp valerian,
Mountain valerian
Valériane des tourbières,
Valériane uligineuse
N.Y. native,
Endangered,
CA
Valeriana uliginosa 5536644 2x3.jpg
Valeriana uliginosa nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Valeriana officinalis L.
1932. Valeriana stubendorfii Kreyer ex Kom.
1933. Valeriana dageletiana Nakai ex F.Maek.
Garden heliotrope,
Common valerian,
European valerian,
Garden valerian
Valériane officinale,
Valériane cultivée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
NYIS: 62%[1],
Prohibited in CT
ValerianaOfficinalisAgg.jpg
Valeriana officinalis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 


Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentValeriana officinalis: Moderate (62). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Genus Valerianella[edit]

Dipsacales — Caprifoliaceae — Valerianoideae — Valerianella
Valerianella Cornsalad N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Dufr.

1753. Valeriana locusta var. radiata L.
1811. Valerianella radiata Dufr.
1938. V. stenocarpa var. parviflora Dyal
1843. Valerianella woodsiana Walp.
Beaked corn-salad N.Y. native,
Threatened
Valerianella radiata flowering plant.jpg
Valerianella radiata nymap.svg
NYFA-2-4
USDA-N
NEW 
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Pursh) DC.

1814. Fedia chenopodiifolia Pursh
1830. Valerianella chenopodiifolia DC.
Goose-foot corn-salad,
Goosefoot valerian
Valérianelle à feuilles
 de chénopode
N.Y. native,
Endangered
Valerianella chenopodiifolia.png
Valerianella chenopodiifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-
Can
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Sull.) Alph.Wood

1842. Fedia umbilicata Sull.
1848. Fedia patellaria Sull.
1861. Valerianella umbilicata Alph.Wood
1861. Valerianella patellaria Alph.Wood
1872. V. radiata var. umbilicata Porter
1884. V. woodsiana var. umbilicata A.Gray
1938. Valerianella intermedia Dyal
1952. V. radiata var. intermedia Gleason
Navel cornsalad,
Corn salad,
Kankakee corn-salad,
Navel-shape corn-salad,
Northern corn salad
N.Y. native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Valerianella umbilicata BB-1913.png
Valerianella umbilicata nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

European cornsalad,
Common cornsalad,
Lamb's-lettuce
Mâche douchette,
Valérianelle
Introduced 20170416Valerianella locusta2.jpg
Valerianella locusta nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-

ARS 




Images, wsp

References[edit]