Flora of New York/Dipsacales

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Apiales
Flora of New York — Dipsacales
Lycophytes
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Dipsacales is here organized, down to subfamily, according to the system presented in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website.[1]

Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genera G T
Dipsacales Adoxaceae Opuloideae Viburneae Viburnum (hobblebush, nannyberry, arrowwood, possumhaw, cranberrybush) 1 19
Adoxoideae Sambuceae Sambucus (elderberry) 1 3
Adoxeae Adoxa (muskroot) 1 1
Caprifoliaceae Diervilloideae Diervilla (northern bush-honeysuckle)
Weigela (crimson weigela)
2 2
Caprifolioideae Triosteeae Triosteum (horse-gentian) 1 3
Caprifolieae Lonicera (honeysuckle)
Symphoricarpos (snowberry)
2 24
Linnaeoideae Linnaea (twinflower)
Kolkwitzia (beautybush)
2 2
Dipsacoideae Succiseae Succisella (frosted pearls) 1 1
Dipsaceae Dipsacus (teasel) 1 3
Knautieae Knautia (scabious, blue-buttons) 1 1
Scabioseae Scabiosa (scabious, pincushions) 1 1
Valerianoideae Valeriana (valerian)
Valerianella (corn salad)
2 6

Family Adoxaceae[edit]

The Adoxaceae (moschatel or muskroot family) in New York contains about 14 species of Viburnum, three species of Sambucus (elderberries), and the endangered Adoxa moschatellina (muskroot). The Adoxaceae members are often included in the Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family), and have the characteristic opposite-leaf pattern of that family.

Subfamily Opuloideae[edit]

Tribe Viburneae[edit]

Genus Viburnum[edit]

The four major clades of Viburnum, proposed by Donoghue, Winkworth and Clement,[1] are all represented in New York by about 14 species (18 taxa) of woody plants.

Viburnum clade Lantana[edit]
Dipsacales – fam. Adoxaceae – subfam. Opuloideae – tribe Viburneae – genus Viburnumclade Lantana
Viburnumsect. Lentago Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 L.

1753. Viburnum lentago L.
1889. Viburnum × vetteri Zabel
Nannyberry,,
Nanny-berry,
Sweet viburnum,
Black haw,
Sheepberry

Viorne flexible,
Viorne lentago,
Alisier, bourdaine
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun - shade
2249-Viburnum lentago-DZ-8.12.JPG
Viburnum lentago NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. cassinoides (L.) Torr. & A.Gray

1762. Viburnum cassinoides L.
1789. Viburnum nitidum Aiton
1841. V. nudum var. cassinoides
1956. V. cassinoides var. nitidum
[1]
1956. V. cassinoides var. harbisonii
Northern wild raisin,
Wild raisin,
Withe-rod,
Witherod viburnum,
Witherwood,
Swamp haw,
Possumhaw

Viorne cassinoïde,
Alises,
Alisier,
Bleuets sains,
Bourdaine
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun - shade
Viburnum nudum var cassinoides 5504845.jpg
Viburnum nudum var cassinoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. nudum

    Viburnum nudum L.
    V. cassinoides var. angustifolium
Southern wild-rasin,
Possumhaw,
Withe-rod
Native, CoC: 9,
Endangered

OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Tree-shrub
Viburnum nudum 001.jpg
Viburnum nudum var nudum nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW 

Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Viburnum prunifolium L.
1924. Viburnum bushii Ashe
1935. Viburnum prunifolium var. bushii
Black-haw,
Sweet-haw,
Stagbush
Native, CoC: 4,
Likely secure

FACU

Perennial,
Shrub,
Part shade
1557-Viburnum prunifolium-DZ-8.12.JPG
Viburnum prunifolium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-N0

ARS 
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Viburnumsect. Pseudotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Michx.

1783. Viburnum lantana
var. latifolium C.F.Ludwig
1789. Viburnum lantana
var. grandifolium Aiton
1803. Viburnum lantanoides Michx.
1817. Viburnum grandifolium Smith
[2]
 auctViburnum alnifoliumnon Marsh.
Hobblebush,
Alder-leaved viburnum,
American wayfaring tree,
Witch hobble

Viorne bois-d'orignal,
Viorne faux-lantana,
Viorne à feuilles d'aulne
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Shrub
Viburnum lantanoides SCA-8142.jpg
Viburnum lantanoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Viburnumsect. Lantana Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Viburnum lantana L.
1779. V. tomentosum Lam
1796. V. pallidum Salisb. (i)
1812. V. farinosum Stokes (i)
    V. lantana var. sphaerocarpum
    V. lantana var. glabratum
    V. aragonensis Pau
Wayfaring tree,
Mealytree,
Wayfaring viburnum

Viorne mancienne
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 53%[3],
CP-5[4] NE-4[5]

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Viburnum lantana 001.jpg
Viburnum lantana nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
Hemsl.

Leatherleaf,
Leatherleaf arrowwood,
Leatherleaf viburnum
Introduced from
 Japan,
No specimens,
Eccluded

Perennial,
Shrub
Viburnum rhytidophyllum.jpg
Viburnum rhytidophyllum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
  1. W. L. McAtee (1956). A Review of the Nearctic Viburnum. Chapel Hill, N.C. 125 pp.
  2. Steven D. Glenn (2013) Viburnum lantanoides Hobblebush, Technical Page. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden.
  3. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentViburnum lantana: Moderate (53). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  4. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  5. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Viburnum clade Solenotinus[edit]
Dipsacales – fam. Adoxaceae – subfam. Opuloideae – tribe Viburneae – genus Viburnumclade Solenotinus
Viburnumsect. Tomentosa Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 Thunb.

1784. V. tomentosum Thunb.
1794. V. plicatum Thunb.
1866. V. plicatum var. tomentosum
1880. V. tomentosum var. plicatum
Japanese snowball,
Doublefile viburnum
Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Potentially invasive,
NE-4[1]

Perennial,
Shrub
Viburnum plicatum Mariesii B.jpg
Viburnum plicatum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Note: VT
Viburnumsect. Solenotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19

Siebold viburnum,
Siebold’s arrowwood
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 62%[2],
CP-5[3] NE-4[1]

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Flowers of Viburnum sieboldii 001.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
  1. a b Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentViburnum sieboldii: Moderate (62).
  3. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Viburnum clade Oreinodontotinus[edit]

The viburnum leaf beetle (Pyrrhalta viburni) often defoliates smooth arrowwood (V. dentatum) and downy arrowwood (V. rafinesqueanum) from this clade, but Viburnum opulus is its preferred host.[1]

Dipsacales – fam. Adoxaceae – subfam. Opuloideae – tribe Viburneae – genus Viburnumclade Oreinodontotinus
Viburnumsect. Oreinodontotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
var. lucidum Aiton

1789. V. dentatum var. lucidum
1924. V. ashei Bush
1941. V. recognitum Fernald
1953. V. recognitum var. alabamense
2011. V. alabamense (McAtee) Sorrie
Smooth arrowwood

Viorne litigieuse,
Viorne dentée
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Tree-shrub,
Shade
Viburnum dentatum 3076.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN LBJ

Images, wsp
Note: [2]
var. venosum (Britton) Gleason

1901. V. venosum Britton
1952. V. dentatum var. venosum
1953. V. scabrellum var. venosum
Southern arrowwood Native, CoC: 7,
Threatened

FAC

Perennial,
Tree-shrub,
Sun - shade
Viburnum dentatum 4657.jpg
Viburnum dentatum var venosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-N
NEW 


BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Viburnumsect. Mollodontotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 Schult.

1820. V. rafinesquianum Schult.
1911. V. affine Bush
1918. V. affine var. hypomalacum
1935. V. rafinesquianum var. affine
Downy arrowwood,
Downy-leaved
  arrow-wood

Viorne de Rafinesque
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Shrub,
Part Shade - shade
Viburnum rafinesquianum 6-eheep (5098107180).jpg
Viburnum rafinesqueanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Viburnum clade Succodontotinus[edit]
Dipsacales – fam. Adoxaceae – subfam. Opuloideae – tribe Viburneae – genus Viburnumclade Succodontotinus
Viburnumsect. Lobata Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 L.

1753. V. acerifolium L.
1860. V. densiflorum Chapm.
1956. V. acerifolium var. densiflorum
Mapleleaf viburnum,
Maple-leaved viburnum,
Mapleleaf arrowwood,
Possum haw,
Dockmackie

Viorne à feuilles d'érable
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Perennial,
Sun - shade
Viburnum acerifolium 5473639.jpg
Viburnum acerifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Viburnumsect. Opulus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
 L.
var. americanum Aiton

1768. V. americanum Miller
1785. V. trilobum Marshall
1789. V. opulus var. americanum
1949. V. opulus ssp. trilobum
Highbush cranberry,
American cranberrybush,
Cranberrybush viburnum,
Mooseberry

Viorne trilobée,
Viorne pimbina
Native, CoC: 3,
Likely secure,
NE-5[1]

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - part shade
Highbush Cranberry.jpg
Viburnum opulus var americanum nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
Note: [2]
 L.
var. opulus

1753. V. opulus L.
1753. V. opulus var. roseum
1821. V. roseum Steud.
European cranberrybush,
Guelder rose
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 67%[3],
CP-3[4] NE-4[5]
20130817Schneeball Altlussheim2.jpg
Viburnum opulus var opulus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
Note: [6]
 (Michx.) Raf.

1803. V. opulus var. edule
1808. V. edule Raf.
1838. V. opulus var. pauciflorum
1841. V. pauciflorum Torr. & A.Gray
Squashberry,
Mooseberry,
Moosewood viburnum,
Few-flowered
  cranberry bush

Viorne comestible,
Pimbina
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub
Viburnum edule flowers.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Viburnumsect. Succodontotinus Viburnum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 19
Thunb.

1784. V. dilatatum Thunb.
1911. V. brevipes Rehder
1966. V. d. var. macrophyllum
1966. V. fulvotomentosum P.S.Hsu
1988. V. d. var. fulvotomentosum
Linden arrowwood,
Linden viburnum
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 57%[7],
NE-L[5] IPA,
Sun - part shade
Viburnum dilatatum01.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X


Trop.



Images, wsp
Note: [8][9][10]
Hance

1882. V. setigerum Hance
1907. V. theiferum Rehder
1911. V. bodinieri H. Lév.
1965. V. setigerum var. sulcatum
Tea viburnum,
Tea-leaf viburnum
Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Invasive,
NYIS: 41%[11]
Viburnum setigerum - Longwood Gardens - DSC00807-4x3.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0


Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Adoxoideae[edit]

Tribe Sambuceae[edit]

Genus Sambucus[edit]

Dipsacales – fam. Adoxaceae – subfam. Adoxoideae – tribe Sambuceae – genus Sambucus
Sambucus Elderberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
var. racemosa

1753. Sambucus racemosa L.
1803. Sambucus pubens Michx.
1892. Sambucus callicarpa Greene
1901. Sambucus microbotrys Rydb.
1913. S. racemosa ssp. pubens House
Red elderberry,
Scarlet elder,
Red-berried elder,
Bunchberry elder

Sureau rouge
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Shrub,
Shade
Sambucus racemosa 9143.JPG
Sambucus racemosa var racemosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. canadensis (L.) R.Bolli

1753. S. canadensis L.
1884. S. canadensis var. laciniata
1911. S. simpsonii Rehder
1994. S. nigra ssp. canadensis
2003. S. nigra var. canadensis
Common elderberry,
American
  black elderberry,
Black elder

Sureau blanc,
Sirop blanc,
Sureau du Canada
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Shrub,
Part shade
Sambucus nigra ssp canadensis SCA-7039.jpg
Sambucus nigra ssp canadensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. nigra

1753. Sambucus nigra L.
1753. Sambucus nigra var. laciniata L.
1769. Sambucus laciniata Mill.
European
  black elderberry
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent,
No specimens

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Shrub
Redburn Country Park, Holywood, July 2013 (04).JPG
Sambucus ebulus nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Sambucus ebulus L.
Dwarf elderberry,
Dwarf elder,
Danewort

Sureau yèble
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
No specimens
Sambucus ebulus 1.jpg
Sambucus ebulus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Adoxeae[edit]

Genus Adoxa[edit]

The sole member of the Adoxa genus is muskroot (Adoxa moschatellina), which is considered endangered in New York.

Dipsacales – fam. Adoxaceae – subfam. Adoxoideae – tribe Adoxeae – genus Adoxa
Adoxa Muskroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution
 L.

    Adoxa moschatellina L.
Muskroot,
Musk-root,
Musk root,
Moschatel,
Townhall clock

Moscatelline
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1],
NYNHP: 1[2]

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Muskusinis uksminas.jpg
Adoxa moschatellina nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW-0Can


BNA


Images, wsp

Family Caprifoliaceae[edit]

Caprifoliaceae is represented by the "Cap" in "MADCap Horse", the mnemonic used to recall which trees and shrubs have opposite leaves. (The other trees being Maple, Ash, Dogwood, and Horse-chestnut.)

Subfamily Diervilloideae[edit]

The Diervilloideae is also commonly treated as Diervillaceae Pyck (1998) (bush honeysuckle family). It should be noted that most of the non-native Caprifoliaceae species in New York also take the form of a bushes or shrubs commonly called bush honesuckle (Lonicera spp.) and are considered to be highly invasive.

Genus Diervilla[edit]

Northern bush-honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera) is considered to be a good native replacement for the invasive exotic bush honeysuckles (Lonicera spp.) in New York.

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Diervilloideae – genus Diervilla
Diervilla Bush-honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Mill.

1753. Lonicera diervilla L.
1768. D. lonicera Mill.
1803. D. tournefortii Michx.
1892. D. diervilla MacMill. (i)
1940. D. lonicera var. hypomalaca
Northern bush-honeysuckle,
Bush-honeysuckle

Dièreville chèvrefeuille,
Herbe bleue
Native,
Secure
Diervilla lonicera 5492641 4x3.jpg
Diervilla lonicera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Genus Weigela[edit]

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Diervilloideae – genus Weigela
WeigelaThunberg (1780) Weigela N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Sieb. & Zucc.) Koch

Crimson weigela Introduced from
 eastern Asia
Weigela floribunda.JPG
Weigela floribunda NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp

Subfamily Caprifolioideae[edit]

The Caprifolioideae (honeysuckle family)...

Tribe Triosteeae[edit]

Genus Triosteum[edit]

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Caprifolioideae – tribe Triosteeae – genus Triosteum
Triosteum Horse-gentian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 E.P.Bicknell

Orangefruit horse-gentian,
Wild coffee,
Coffee tinker's weed
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Triosteum aurantiacum.jpg
Triosteum aurantiacum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Perfoliate-leaved horse-gentian,
Perfoliate tinker's-weed,
Feverwort
Native,
Likely secure
Triosteum perfoliatum.jpg
Triosteum perfoliatum nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

Lesser horse-gentian,
Yellowfruit horse-gentian,
Yellow-leaved tinker's-weed,
Narrow-leaved horse gentian
Native,
Likely extirpated
Triosteum angustifolium BB-1913.png
Triosteum angustifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Caprifolieae[edit]

Genus Lonicera[edit]

Members of the Lonicera genus are mostly known as honeysuckle. There are seven native New York honeysuckles and a couple other North American honeysuckles. But there are also about a dozen Eurasian honeysuckles found in New York, many of which have become quite prevalent and are considered highly invasive in the Northeast.

Lonicera subg. Caprifolium[edit]

Subgenus Caprifolium contains vining or trailing shrub honeysuckles with perfoliate leaves immediately beneath the flowers.

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Caprifolioideae – tribe Caprifolieae – genus Lonicerasubg. Caprifolium
Lonicerasubg. Caprifolium Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 L.
var. dioica

1767. Lonicera dioica L.
Limber honeysuckle,
Glaucous honeysuckle,
Mountain honeysuckle,
Smooth honeysuckle,
Wild honeysuckle

Dhèvrefeuille dioïque
Native,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Vine, shrub
Lonicera dioica 5473501.jpg
Lonicera dioica var dioica nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
var. douglasii (Lindl.) Farw.

1830. Caprifolium douglasii Lindl.
1830. Lonicera douglasii (Lindl.) DC.
1896. L. hirsuta var. glaucescens Rydb.
1897. Lonicera glaucescens Rydb.
1912. L. dioica var. glaucescens Butters
1929. L. dioica var. douglasii (Lindl.) Farw.
1982. L. dioica ssp. glaucescens Á.&D.Löve
Red honeysuckle,
Douglas honeysuckle,
Limber honeysuckle,
Wild honeysuckle[1]

Chèvrefeuille glauque
Native,
Vulnerable

FACU

Perennial,
Vine, shrub
Lonicera dioica 5496930.jpg
Lonicera dioica var douglasii nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Note: [2]
 Eaton

1818. Lonicera hirsuta Eaton
1826. Lonicera pubescens Sweet
1952. Lonicera hirsuta
var. interior Gleason
1968. Lonicera hirsuta
var. schindleri B.Boivin
Hairy honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille hirsute,
Chèvrefeuille hérissé
Native,
Likely secure

FAC

Perennial,
Vine
Lonicera hirsuta 5497320.jpg
Lonicera hirsuta nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lonicera sempervirens L.
1768. Periclymenum sempervirens L.
1789. L. sempervirens var. minor Aiton
1802. Caprifolium sempervirens Moench
1895. Phenianthus sempervirens Raf.
1903. L. sempervirens var. hirsutula Rehder
Trumpet honeysuckle,
Coral honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille toujours vert
Native,
Likely secure

FACU-FAC

Perennial,
Vine
Lonicera sempervirens.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Italian woodbine,
Italian honeysuckle,
Perfoliate honeysuckle

Clématite des jardins
Introduced,
Europe native

Perennial,
Vine
Lonicera-caprifolium.JPG
Lonicera caprifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point.
  2. Many references treat all varieties of Lonicera dioica as a single taxon, but the 2003 USDA Forest Service Conservation Assessment for Red Honeysuckle (Lonicera dioica L. var. glaucescens) (Rydb.) Butters states that "If it is to be accepted as a variety, its correct name should be Lonicera dioica var. douglasii (Lindl.) Farw., otherwise it could be considered a minor variation within Lonicera dioica L."
Lonicera subg. Lonicera[edit]
Lonicera sect. Isika & Nintooa[edit]

Because sect. Nintooa appears to be embedded within sect. Isika, these two sections have been placed in the following table together.[1]

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – tribe Caprifolieae – genus Lonicerasubg. Lonicera
Lonicerasect. Nintooa Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 Thunb.

Japanese honeysuckle Introduced from
 East Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 84%[2],
CP3[3] NE1[4]
Dipsacales - Lonicera japonica 1.jpg
Lonicera japonica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Note: VT
Lonicerasect. Isika Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
Lindl. & Paxton

Xylosteon fragrantissimum
Fragrant honeysuckle,
January jasmine,
Sweet-breath-of-spring
Introduced,
Invasive,
China native
Lonicera fragrantissima0.jpg
Lonicera fragrantissima nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 Jacques

Standish's honeysuckle Introduced,
Impersistent
Lonicera fragrantissima subsp. standishii 1.jpg
Lonicera standishii nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
(Richardson) Banks ex Spreng.

1823. Xylosteon involucratum Richardson
1824. L. involucrata Banks ex Spreng.
1826. Lonicera ledebourii Eschsch.
p.p.
Twinberry honeysuckle,
Bearberry honeysuckle,
California honeysuckle,
Black twinberry
Introduced from
 west & north,
N. America native,
No NY reports,
Cultivated
Lonicera involucrata Kehtokuusama HP5622 C.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Lonicera sect. Coeloxylosteum[edit]

The Lonicera section Coeloxylosteum in New York contains native and naturalized "fly honeysuckles" including the very-highly invasve "exotic bush honeysuckles."

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Caprifolioideae – tribe Caprifolieae – genus Lonicerasubg. Lonicera
Lonicerasect. Coeloxylosteum Honeysuckle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
Bartram & W.Bartram ex Marshall

1777. Lonicera canadensis Bartram
1785. Lonicera canadensis Marshall
1813. Xylosteon ciliatum Pursh
American fly-honeysuckle,
Canada fly honeysuckle[1],
Fly Honeysuckle[2]

Chèvrefeuille du Canada
Native,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - shade
Fly honeysuckle (Whitefish I) 1.JPG
Lonicera canadensis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
(Goldie) Hook.

1822. Xylosteon oblongifolium Goldie
1833. Lonicera oblongifolia Hook.
1911. Lonicera oblongifolia
var. altissima Rehder
Swamp fly-honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille
 à feuilles oblongues
Native,
Likely secure
Lonicera oblongifolia BB-1913.png
Lonicera oblongifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
(Michx.) Roem. & Schult.

1803. Xylosteon villosum Michx.
1819. Lonicera villosa Roem. & Schult.
1841. L. caerulea var. villosa
[3]
1982. L. caerulea ssp. villosa
Mountain fly-honeysuckle,
Northern fly-honeysuckle,
Velvet honeysuckle,
Blue fly honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille velu
Native,
Vulnerable
Lonicera caerulea flowers.JPG
Lonicera villosa nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Raf.

1838. Lonicera reticulata Raf.
1864. Caprifolium proliferum G.Kirchn.
1884. Lonicera sullivantii A.Gray
1910. L. prolifera J.R.Booth ex Rehder
1952. L. prolifera var. glabra Gleason
Grape honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille réticulé
Introduced from
 US Midwest,
N. America native
Lonicera prolifera.jpg
Lonicera reticulata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lonicera tatarica L.
1800. Lonicera sibirica Georgi
1803. Xylosteon tataricum Michx.
1891. Caprifolium tataricum Kuntze
Tatarian honeysuckle,
Tartarian honeysuckle

Clématite de Tartarie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86% [4],
CP2[5] NE1[6],
IPA VT
Lonicera tatarica (flowers).jpg
Lonicera tatarica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 A.Gray

1857. Lonicera morrowii A.Gray
1917. Lonicera insularis Nakai
1968. Xylosteon morrowii Moldenke
2011. Lonicera tatarica
var. morrowii Q.E.Yang et al.
Morrow's honeysuckle,
Asian fly honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille de Morrow
Introduced from
 Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86% [4],
CP2[5] NE1[6],
IPAVT
Lonicera morrowii 5.JPG
Lonicera morrowii nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Zabel

Lonicera morrowii ×
Lonicera tatarica

1889. Lonicera × bella Zabel
Bell's honeysuckle,
Showy fly honeysuckle,
Bella honeysuckle,
Whitebell honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille de Bell,
Chèvrefeuille joli
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 86% [4],
CP2[5] NE1[6],
IPA VT
Lonicera × bella UGA-5453370.jpg
Lonicera × bella nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 (Rupr.) Maxim.

1857. Xylosteon maackii Rupr.
1859. Lonicera maackii Maxim.
1864. Lonicera maackii Herder
1891. Caprifolium maackii Kuntze
Amur honeysuckle,
Bush honeysuckle,
Late honeysuckle,
Maack's honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille de Maack,
Clématite de Maack
Introduced from
 Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 84% [4],
CP2[5], NE1[6],
IPAVT
Lonicera maackii 658.JPG
Lonicera maackii nymap.svg

NYFA-X
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lonicera xylosteum L.
1889. Lonicera segreziensis
   Lavallée ex Dippel
European fly honeysuckle,
Fly honeysuckle,
Dwarf honeysuckle

Chèvrefeuille à balais,
Camérisier à balais,
Clématite des haies
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: 33%[7],
CP4[8] NE4[9],
IPA
Lonicera xylosteum W.jpg
Lonicera xylosteum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Tausch.

Lonicera tatarica ×
Lonicera xylosteum

1838. Lonicera × xylosteoides Tausch
Hybrid of
 Tatarian honeysuckle &
 European
  fly honeysuckle
Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Lonicera tatarica BB-1913.png
Lonicera × xylosteoides nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 Regel

1869. Lonicera ruprechtiana Regel
1891. Caprifolium ruprechtianum
Kuntze
1893. Lonicera × muscaviensis
Rehder
Manchurian honeysuckle,
Ruprecht's honeysuckle
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Potentially invasive,
Excluded
Dong bei mu ben zhi wu tu zhi (1955) (20806012399).jpg
Lonicera ruprechtiana nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Zabel

Lonicera ruprechtiana ×
Lonicera tatarica

1889. Lonicera × notha Zabel
Hybrid of
 Manchurian &
 Tatarian honeysuckle
Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Lonicera × notha nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Northern Ontario Plant Database
  2. Connecticut Botanical Society
  3. GRIN treats Lonicera villosa as a synonym of L. caerulea var. villosa
  4. a b c d New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLonicera spp.: Very high (84-86). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  5. a b c d Appendix 2. Plant species that are considered highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  6. a b c d Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  7. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLonicera xylosteum: Unknown (33).
  8. Appendix 4. Plant species that are considered moderately invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  9. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Genus Symphoricarpos[edit]

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Caprifolioideae – tribe Caprifolieae – genus Symphoricarpos
Symphoricarpos Snowberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(L.) S.F.Blake
var. albus

    
    S. racemosus Michx.
    
Common snowberry,
Northern snowberry,
Thin-leaved snowberry,
White coralberry,
Waxberry

Symphorine blanche
Native,
Likely secure
Symphoricarpos albus 004.JPG
Symphoricarpos albus var albus nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
(L.) S.F.Blake
var. laevigatus
(Fernald) S.F. Blake

1905. S. racemosus var. laevigatus
1914. S. albus var. laevigatus
1927. S. rivularis Suksd.
    
Pacific snowberry,
Common snowberry,
Smooth-leaved snowberry,
Waxberry

Symphorine lisse,
Symphorine blanche lisse
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native
Symphoricarpos albus (5062664054).jpg
Symphoricarpos albus var laevigatus nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Moench

1753. Lonicera symphoricarpos L.
1794. S. orbiculatus Moench
1803. S. vulgaris Michx.
1892. S. symphoricarpos
(L.) MacMill. (i)
Buck brush,
Coralberry,
Indian-coralberry,
Indian-currant

Symphorine à baies-de-corail
Introduced,
N. America native
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus HRM2.JPG
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
Hook. (1833)

Wolfberry,
Western snowberry,
Northern snowberry
Introduced,
N. America native
Symphoricarpos occidentalis NPS-1.jpg
Symphoricarpos occidentalis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Family Linnaeoideae[edit]

The Linnaeoideae (twinflower subfamily)...

Genus Linnaea[edit]

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Linnaeoideae – genus Linnaea
LinnaeaL. Twinflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. americana
(Forbes) Hultén ex R.T. Clausen

    Linnaea americana Forbes
    L. borealis ssp. americana
    
Twinflower,
Longtube twinflower
Native, CoC: 9,
Likely secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb, subshrub
Linnaea borealis ssp americana 1.JPG
Linnaea borealis ssp americana nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 



LBJ

Images, wsp

Genus Kolkwitzia[edit]

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Linnaeoideae – genus Kolkwitzia
Kolkwitzia Beautybush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Graebn.

1901. Kolkwitzia amabilis Graebn.
    
    
Beautybush,
Cold-whiskey-plant,
Buisson de beauté
Introduced
Kolkwitzia amabilis4.jpg
Kolkwitzia amabilis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subfamily Dipsacoideae[edit]

The Dipsacoideae (teasel subfamily) is native to a region centered on the Mediterranean and has no members that are native to the western hemisphere.[1]

Tribe Succiseae[edit]

Genus Succisella[edit]

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Dipsacoideae – tribe Succiseae – genus Succisella
SuccisellaBeck Succisella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Kluk) Beck

1803. Scabiosa australis Wulfen
1809. Scabiosa inflexa Kluk
1830. Succisa australis Rchb.
1893. Succisella inflexa Beck
Southern succisella,
Frosted pearls

Succiselle infléchie
Introduced
ÖBG 2010-09-23 Succisella inflexa 1.jpg
Succisella inflexa nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can





Images, wsp

Tribe Dipsaceae[edit]

Genus Dipsacus[edit]

Teasels (Dipsacus spp.) are common weeds in New York, introduced from Eurasia. The most common are the "wild fuller's teasels" (D. fullonum). The least common are the "cultivated fuller's teasels" (D. sativus) which have been used as natural combs in the textile industry since the Middle Ages.[1] Cut-leaf teasels have turned out to be the most invasive. They seem to be increasing in population and are on the DEC's list of Prohibited Invasive Species.[2][3]

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Dipsacoideae – tribe Dipsaceae – genus Dipsacus
DipsacusL. Teasel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Dipsacus laciniatus L.
Cutleaf teasel,
Cut-leaf teasel,
Cut-leaved teasel,
Laciniate teasel

Cardère découpée,
Cardère laciniée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 76%[4],
Prohibited[2]
Dipsacus laciniatus inflorescence.jpg
Dipsacus laciniatus nymap.svg

NYFA-X
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Dipsacus fullonum L.
1762. Dipsacus sylvestris Huds.
1778. D. fullonum var. sylvestris Schmalh.
1962. D. fullonum ssp. sylvestris A.R.Clapham.
Common teasel,
Wild fuller's teasel,
Wild teazle

Cardaire sauvage
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Widespread weed
Cardons comuns1.JPG
Dipsacus fullonum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) Honckn.

1762. Dipsacus fullonum Huds.
1763. Dipsacus fullonum var. sativus L.
1767. Dipsacus sativus (L.) Garsault
1782. Dipsacus sativus (L.) Honckn.
1912. Dipsacus fullonum ssp. sativus Thell.
Cultivated teasel,
Cultivated fuller's teasel,
Indian teasel
Introduced from
 Mediterrean,
Impersistent
Dipsacus sativus-20.jpg
Dipsacus sativus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Knautieae[edit]

Genus Knautia[edit]

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Dipsacoideae – tribe Knautieae – genus Knautia
Knautia Scabious N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Coult.

1753. Scabiosa arvensis L.
1823. Knautia arvensis Coult.
Field scabiosa,
Field-scabious,
Bluebuttons,
Blue-buttons

Knautie des champs,
Scabieuse des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
IPA
Dipsacacea-2006-07-02-800-2.jpg
Knautia arvensis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Scabioseae[edit]

Genus Scabiosa[edit]

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Dipsacoideae – tribe Scabioseae – genus Scabiosa
Scabiosa Pincushions N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Scabiosa columbaria L.
Dove pincushions,
Pincushion flower,
Yellow scabious

Oeil de perdrix,
Colombaire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
Scabiosa columbaria Schurftkruid of Duifkruid.jpg
Scabiosa columbaria nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subfamily Valerianoideae[edit]

The Valerianoideae is often included in the Valerianaceae (valerian family)...

Genus Valeriana[edit]

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Valerianoideae – genus Valeriana
Valeriana Valerian N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Torr. & A.Gray) Rydb.

1842. V. sylvatica var. uliginosa Torr. & A.Gray
1918. Valeriana uliginosa Rydb.
1901. Valeriana dubiosa Gand.
1951. V. sitchensis ssp. uliginosa F.G.Mey.
1952. V. septentrionalis var. uliginosa Gleason
1966. V. sitchensis var. uliginosa B.Boivin
Marsh valerian,
Swamp valerian,
Mountain valerian

Valériane des tourbières,
Valériane uligineuse
Native,
Endangered,
CA
Valeriana uliginosa 5536644 2x3.jpg
Valeriana uliginosa nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Valeriana officinalis L.
1932. Valeriana stubendorfii Kreyer ex Kom.
1933. Valeriana dageletiana Nakai ex F.Maek.
Garden heliotrope,
Common valerian,
European valerian,
Garden valerian

Valériane officinale,
Valériane cultivée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
NYIS: 62%[1],
Prohibited in CT
20130702Baldrian St Arnual2.jpg
Valeriana officinalis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 


Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentValeriana officinalis: Moderate (62). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Genus Valerianella[edit]

Dipsacales – fam. Caprifoliaceae – subfam. Valerianoideae – genus Valerianella
Valerianella Cornsalad N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Dufr.

1753. Valeriana locusta var. radiata L.
1811. Valerianella radiata Dufr.
1938. V. stenocarpa var. parviflora Dyal
1843. Valerianella woodsiana Walp.
Beaked corn-salad Native,
Threatened
Valerianella radiata.png
Valerianella radiata nymap.svg
NYFA-2-4
USDA-N
NEW 
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Pursh) DC.

1814. Fedia chenopodiifolia Pursh
1830. Valerianella chenopodiifolia DC.
Goose-foot corn-salad,
Goosefoot valerian

Valérianelle à feuilles
 de chénopode
Native,
Endangered
Valerianella chenopodiifolia.png
Valerianella chenopodiifolia nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-
Can
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Sull.) Alph.Wood

1842. Fedia umbilicata Sull.
1848. Fedia patellaria Sull.
1861. Valerianella umbilicata Alph.Wood
1861. Valerianella patellaria Alph.Wood
1872. V. radiata var. umbilicata Porter
1884. V. woodsiana var. umbilicata A.Gray
1938. Valerianella intermedia Dyal
1952. V. radiata var. intermedia Gleason
Corn salad,
Kankakee corn-salad,
Navel-shape corn-salad,
Navel corn-salad,
Northern corn salad
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Valerianella umbilicata BB-1913.png
Valerianella umbilicata nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

European cornsalad,
Common cornsalad,
Lamb's-lettuce

Mâche douchette,
Valérianelle
Introduced
Valerianella locusta.jpeg
Valerianella locusta nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-

ARS 




Images, wsp