Flora of New York/Apiales

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Millerieae, Madieae, Eupatorieae
Flora of New York — Apiales
Dipsacales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


In New York State, the order Apiales is represented by the ginseng family (Araliaceae) and the carrot family (Apiaceae).
Order Family Subfamily Tribe Subtribe Genera G T
Apiales Araliaceae Aralioideae Hedereae Hedera (English ivy) 1 1
Aralieae Aralia (spikenard, sarsaparilla, angelica tree)
Panax (ginseng)
Eleutherococcus (five-leaved aralia)
3 8
Hydrocotyloideae Hydrocotyle (water pennywort) 1 5
Apiaceae Saniculoideae Saniculeae Sanicula (sanicle, black snakeroot)
Eryngium (eryngo, coyote thistle)
2 7
Apioideae Oenantheae Sium (water-parsnip)
Cicuta (water-hemlock)
Cryptotaenia (honewort)
Ptilimnium (mock bishop-weed, herb-william)
Lilaeopsis (grasswort)
Oxypolis (cowbane, stiff cowbane, water dropwort)
Berula (water parsnip)
7 8
Scandiceae Scandicinae Osmorhiza (sweetroot, sweet-cicely)
Chaerophyllum (chervil)
Anthriscus (chervil, cow parsley)
3 6
Daucinae Daucus (wild carrot, Queen Anne's lace) 1 1
Torilidinae Torilis (hedge parsley) 1 1
Careae Carum (caraway, anise)
Aegopodium (goutweed, ground elder)
2 2
Pimpinelleae Pimpinella (burnet-saxifrage) 1 2
Coriandreae Coriandrum (coriander) 1 1
Apieae Apium (celery)
Anethum (dill)
Foeniculum (fennel)
Levisticum (lovage)
Petroselinum (parsley)
4 4
Tordylieae Heracleum (cow parsnip, hogweed)
Pastinaca (parsnip)
2 4
Selineae Taenidia (yellow pimpernel)
Zizia (golden Alexanders)
Angelica (angelica)
Ligusticum (licorice-root)
Thaspium (meadow-parsnip)
Aethusa (fool's parsley)
Peucedanum (masterwort)
7 11
(unplaced) Conioselinum (hemlock-parsley)
Erigenia (pepper-and-salt)
Conium (poison hemlock)
3 3

Family Araliaceae[edit | edit source]

The Araliaceae (ginseng family)

Subfamily Aralioideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Aralieae[edit | edit source]

Aralia[edit | edit source]
Three sections of Aralia are found in New York.[1]
  1. Wen, J. (2011). "Systematics and Biogeography of Aralia L. (Araliaceae): Revision of Aralia Sects. Aralia, Humiles, Nanae, and Sciadodendron." Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 57:1-172. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/23493230
Aralia sect. Nanae[edit | edit source]
Aralia nudicaulis L.
wild sarsaparilla
Aralia sect. Nanae contains wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis), a small understory shrub whose rhizomes have been used to flavor soft drinks. However, commercially available sarsaparilla drinks have traditionally been made from Smilax ornata, which is native to Mexico and Central America.
Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Aralieae — Aralia sect. Nanae
Araliasect. Nanae Sarsaparilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Aralia nudicaulis L.
    
    
Wild sarsaparilla,
American sarsaparilla,
Virginia sarsaparilla
Angélique à tige nue,
Salsepareille
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure
Aralia nudicaulis 2-eheep (5097838708).jpg
Aralia nudicaulis nymap.svg
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Aralia sect. Aralia[edit | edit source]
Aralia racemosa L.
spikenard

Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Aralieae — Aralia sect. Aralia
Araliasect. Aralia Spikenard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Aralia racemosa L.
    
    
Spikenard,
American spikenard,
Small spikenard,
Life-of-man,
Petty-morel
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Subshrub
Aralia racemosa (5097262395).jpg
Aralia racemosa ssp racemosa nymap.svg
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Aralia sect. Dimorphanthus[edit | edit source]
Aralia spinosa L.
devil’s walking stick, Hercules’s club
Sect. Dimorphanthus is disjunctly distributed in eastern Asia and eastern North America with only two of it's 29 species native to North America. Both of these native species are present in New York, along with one Asian introduction.

One distinguishing characteristic of this section is that all members bear prickles on their stems, while the species of all other Aralia sections remain unarmed.[1]

The native Aralia spinosa (devil's walkingstick) is similar in appearance to the exotic invasive Aralia elata (Japanese Angelica tree). Reports of Aralia spinosa in the New York City area are probably Aralia elata.[2]


Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Aralieae — Aralia sect. Dimorphanthus
Araliasect. Dimorphanthus Angelica-tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Vent.

1801. Aralia hispida Vent.
Bristly sarsaparilla,
Bristly spikenard
Aralie hispide,
Salsepareille
Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Subshrub
Aralia hispida 1-jgreenlee (5097208183).jpg
Aralia hispida nymap.svg
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 L.

    
    
    
Devil's walking-stick,
Hercules'-club,
Angelica-tree
Native, CoC: 4,
Endangered,
Note:[1]

FAC

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Aralia spinosa 1120462.jpg
Aralia spinosa nymap.svg
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 (Miq.) Seem.

    Dimorphanthus elatus Miq.
    Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem.
    
Japanese angelica-tree,
Japanese aralia,
Japanese Hercules'-club
Aralie élevée,
Aralia élevé,
Angélique du Japon
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 80%[2],
Prohibited[3],
NE-4[4]
Aralia elata3.jpg
Aralia elata nymap.svg
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  1. New York Rare Plant Status Lists, November 2017: Changes Since the June 2010 Rare Plant Status Lists: Aralia spinosa: G5 S1
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAralia elata: Very high (80). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  3. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  4. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Panax[edit | edit source]
Panax trifolius - dwarf ginseng
American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), is widely collected for use as a medicinal herb.[1] Note that is illegal to harvest American ginseng from State Lands.[2]
Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Aralieae — Panax
Panax Ginseng N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Panax trifolium L.
1854. Aralia trifolia (L.) Decne.& Planch.
1872. Ginseng trifolium (L.) Alph.Wood
Dwarf ginseng,
Groundnut
Ginseng à trois folioles,
Panace à trois folioles,
Petit ginseng
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Panax trifolius - Dwarf Ginseng 2.jpg
Panax trifolius nymap.svg
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 L.

1718. Aureliana canadensis Lafit. pre-Lin.
1753. Panax quinquefolium L.
1838. Panax americanus Raf.
1854. Aralia quinquefolia (L.) Decne.& Planch.
1871. Ginseng quinquefolium (L.) Alph.Wood
American ginseng,
Five-leaved ginseng,
Occidental ginseng,
Redberry
Ginseng à cinq folioles,
Ginseng d'Amérique,
Grand ginseng,
Panace à cinq folioles
Native, CoC: 9,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Panax quinquefolius FWS-4x3.jpg
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Eleutherococcus[edit | edit source]
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus
five-leaved aralia
The National Park Service considers Five-leaf Aralia to be a potential or emerging threat to natural areas in the mid-Atlantic region.[1]
Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Aralieae — Eleutherococcus
Eleutherococcus Thorny ginseng N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Makino) Koidz.

1881. Acanthopanax pentaphyllus Marchal
1898. Acanthopanax sieboldianus Makino
1914. E. pentaphyllus (Marchal) Nakai
1939. E. sieboldianus (Makino) Koidz.
Five-leaved aralia Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus - Siebolds Fingeraralie.JPG
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Kalopanax[edit | edit source]
Kalopanax septemlobus
Genus Kalopanax contains the single species castor aralia (Kalopanax septemlobus). Infestations have been documented at Vasser College in Poughkeepsie (Dutchess County).[1].
Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Aralieae — Kalopanax
Kalopanax Castor aralia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Thunb.) Koidz.

    Kalopanax septemlobus (Thunb.) Koidz.
Castor aralia
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
Unknown naturalization,
SNA
Kalopanax septemlobus 3.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA: 1 county
iMap: 3 counties
iNat: 8 counties
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Tribe Hedereae[edit | edit source]

Hedera[edit | edit source]
Ivies (Hedera spp.) are primarily native to Eurasia and northern Africa. Outside of their native ranges, some can become invasive, as Hedera helix is considered to be in New York. However both of these ivies are considered invasive at various locations throughout North America.[1]
Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Hedereae — Hedera
Hedera Ivy N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. helix

1753. Hedera helix L
1830. Hedera canariensis Willd.
1830. H. helix var. canariensis DC.
1913. H. helix ssp. canariensis Cout.
English ivy
Lierre commun,
Lierre
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 66%[1],
CP-3[2] IPA
English ivy (25629828336).jpg
Hedera helix nymap.svg
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Hedera (excluded) Ivy N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (G.Kirchn.) Bean

1864. Hedera helix var. hibernica G.Kirchn.
1890. Hedera hibernica Carrière invalid
1914. Hedera hibernica (G.Kirchn.) Bean
1987. Hedera helix ssp. hibernica McClint.
Atlantic ivy,
Irish ivy
Lierre d'Irlande
Introduced from
 Europe,
N.Y. excluded
Hedera hibernica1.jpg
Nymap.svg
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  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentHedera helix: Moderate (66). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Botanic Gardens' accessioned collections (2018)

Subfamily Hydrocotyloideae[edit | edit source]

Hydrocotyle[edit | edit source]

Apiales — Araliaceae — Hydrocotyloideae — Hydrocotyle
Hydrocotyle Water pennywort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Hydrocotyle americana L.
    
    
American marsh-pennywort,
American water-pennywort
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Hydrocotyle americana drawing.png
Nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Hydrocotyle umbellata L.
    
    
Many-flowered
  marsh-pennywort,
Many-flowered pennywort,
Dollarweed
Native, CoC: 10,
Rare
Dying dollarweed.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.f.

1782. H. ranunculoides L.f.
    
    
Floating pennywort Native,
Endangered
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1

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 Thunb.
var. verticillata

1798. Hydrocotyle verticillata Thunb.
    
    
Whorled pennywort,
Whorled marsh-pennywort
Native,
Endangered
Hydrocotyle verticillata var triradiata1.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.

    Hydrocotyle vulgaris L.
    H. fetherstoniana
1798. H. verticillata var. fetherstoniana
European marsh-pennywort,
Common pennywort,
Pennywort
Introduced,
Impersistent
Hydrocotyle verticillata (aka).jpg
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Lam.

    H. sibthorpioides Lam.
    H. rotundifolia Roxburgh ex DC.
    
Lawn marsh-pennywort Introduced,
Naturalized
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
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Hance

    H. batrachium Hance
Open-leaved marsh pennywort Introduced,
Naturalized
Nymap.svg
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Family Apiaceae[edit | edit source]

The Apiaceae (carrot family) also goes by the name Umbelliferae.

Subfamily Saniculoideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Saniculeae[edit | edit source]

Sanicula[edit | edit source]
Sanicula marilandica L.
Maryland sanicle

Apiales — Apiaceae — Saniculoideae — Saniculeae — Sanicula
Sanicula Sanicle /
black snakeroot
N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. S. marilandica L.
    
    
Maryland sanicle,
Maryland snakeroot,
Black snakeroot
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure,
S5, G5

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sanicula marilandica RF.jpg
Nymap.svg
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L.
var. canadensis

1753. S. canadensis L.
1824. S. marilandica var. canadensis
    
Short-styled sanicle,
Canadian blacksnakeroot,
Canada sanicle
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure,
S5, G5

FACU-UPL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
Sanicula canadensis plant.jpg
Nymap.svg
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var. grandis Fernald

1940. S. canadensis var. grandis
    
    
Long-styled Canada sanicle
Long-styled Canada snakeroot
Big-fruited Canada sanicle
Big-fruited Canada snakeroot

Native, CoC: 7,
Historical,
SH

FACU-UPL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
Sanicula canadensis drawing.png
Nymap.svg
Jefferson (1963)
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(Raf.) K.M.Pryer & L.R.Phillippe

1817. Triclinium odoratum Raf.
1895. S. gregaria E.P.Bicknell
1989. S. odorata (Raf.)
K.M.Pryer & L.R.Phillippe
Clustered sanicle,
Clustered black snakeroot,
Common black snakeroot
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sanicula odorata NRCS-002.jpg
Nymap.svg
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E.P. Bicknell

    
    
    
Large-fruited sanicle,
Large-fruited snakeroot,
Beaked snakeroot
Native, CoC: ?,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sanicula trifoliata iNat-50013710.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Eryngium[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Saniculoideae — Saniculeae — Eryngium
Eryngium Eryngo N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Marsh rattlesnake master Native,
No recent reports
Eryngium aquaticum.jpg
Eryngium aquaticum nymap.svg
NYFA-Z

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Plain coyote-thistle,
Plains eryngo
Introduced

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Eryngium-planum.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

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Eryngium (excluded taxa) Eryngo N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Seaside coyote-thistle Introduced,
Impersistent
Eryngium maritimum Enfoque 2010-7-04 LagunadelaMata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD

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Michx.

    Eryngium yuccifolium Michx.
Button eryngo
Button snake-root
Rattlesnake master

N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Rattlesnakemaster.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
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Subfamily Apioideae[edit | edit source]

Heracleum maximum
cow parsnip
The organization used here for the Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae is based on Downie (2010).[1]

Tribe Bupleureae[edit | edit source]

Bupleurum[edit | edit source]

Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Bupleureae — Bupleurum
Bupleurum ' N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

    Bupleurum rotundifolium L.
Hare’s ear
Thoroughwax

Introduced,
Not naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
Bupleurum lancifolium 002.JPG
Nymap.svg
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Tribe Erigenieae[edit | edit source]

Erigenia[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Erigenia
Erigenia Erigenia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
Harbinger-of-spring,
Pepper-and-salt
Native, CoC: 9,
Endangered
Erigenia bulbosa FWS 13185.jpg
Erigenia bulbosa NY-dist-map.png
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Tribe Oenantheae[edit | edit source]

Sium[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Sium
Sium Waterparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Walter

1788. Sium suave Walter
1789. Sium cicutifolium Schrank
1987. Sium suave var. floridanum
C.F. Reed
Hemlock water-parsnip,
Water-parsnip,
Water-parsley
Native,
Secure
Sium suave WFNY-149.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Cicuta[edit | edit source]
Cicuta maculata
There are two native water-hemlock (Cicuta) species in New York, both of which are highly toxic to humans and livestock.
Cicuta water-hemlock stems height leaflet shape leaflet width leaf margins upper leaf axils
C. bulbifera "bulb-bearing" slender ≤1 m linear ≤5 mm coarse teeth with bulblets
C. maculata "spotted" stout, branched ≤2 m lanceolate to ovate >5 mm (mostly) sharp narrow teeth without bulblets
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Cicuta
Cicuta Water-hemlock N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Cicuta bulbifera L.
1836. Keraskomion bulbiferum (L.) Raf.
Bulb-bearing water-hemlock,
Bulblet-bearing water hemlock,
Bulbous waterhemlock
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure,
S5, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Cicuta bulbifera 1-eheep (5097803936) (cropped).jpg
Nymap.svg
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 L.
var. maculata

1753. Cicuta maculata L.
1786. Cicutaria maculata (L.) Lam.
1832. Cicuta maculata var. maculata
1888. Cicuta virosa var. maculata
1900. Cicuta curtissii J.M. Coult. & Rose
1900. Cicuta mexicana J.M. Coult. & Rose
Spotted water hemlock,
Poison hemlock,
Beaver-poison,
Musquash-root,
Spotted cowbane
Native, CoC: 5,
Secure,
S5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Cicuta maculata - Water Hemlock.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Cryptotaenia[edit | edit source]
Cryptotaenia canadensis (L.) DC.
honewort
Cryptotaenia is a small genus with a single North American native, known as honewort, which inhabits rich moist forests and thickets.
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Cryptotaenia
Cryptotaenia Honewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) DC.

1753. Sison canadense L.
1829. Cryptotaenia canadensis DC.
1891. Deringa canadensis Kuntze
Honewort
Canada honewort
Canadian honewort
White chervil
Wild chervil
Japanese parsley

Cryptoténie du Canada
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FAC
Cryptotaenia canadensis BotGardBln07122011D.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Ptilimnium[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Ptilimnium
Ptilimnium Mock-bishopweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Michx.) Raf.

1803. Ammi capillaceum Michx.
1829. Discopleura capillacea DC.
1830. Ptilimnium capillaceum Raf.
Mock bishop-weed,
Threadleaf mockbishopweed,
Atlantic mock bishop-weed,
Herbwilliam
Native,
Rare
Ptilimnium capillaceum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
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Lilaeopsis[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Lilaeopsis
Lilaeopsis Grasswort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Hydrocotyle chinensis L.
1803. Hydrocotyle lineata Michx.
1818. Crantzia lineata Nutt.
1891. Lilaeopsis lineata Greene
1898. Lilaeopsis chinensis Kuntze
Eastern grasswort,
Eastern lilaeopsis
Native,
Threatened
Lilaeopsis chinensis BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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Oxypolis[edit | edit source]
Oxypolis rigidior
stiff cowbane

Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Oxypolis
OxypolisRaf. Cowbane N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Raf.

1753. Sium rigidius L.
1830. Oxypolis rigidior Raf.
Stiff cowbane,
Water-dropwort
Native,
Endangered
Oxypolis rigidior BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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Berula[edit | edit source]
Berula erecta
Water parsnip
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Berula
Berula Waterparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Huds.) Coville

1762. Sium erectum Huds.
1762. Sium angustifolium L.
1850. Sium thunbergii DC.
1893. Berula erecta (Huds.) Coville
1961. Berula erecta var. incisa
1927. Berula thunbergii (DC.) H. Wolff
1942. Berula pusilla Fernald
Cutleaf water parsnip,
Cut-leaved water parsnip,
Water parsnip
Native, CoC: 10,
No recent reports,
SX, G4-5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Berula erecta sl12.jpg
Nymap.svg
Suffolk (1938)
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Oenanthe[edit | edit source]
Oenanthe javanica in a Cook County forest in IL.
Waterdropwort (Oenanthe javanica does not appear to have been identified in the wild in New York, but it has been reported as invasive in the Midwest and is present in other northeastern states. It is also commercially available in NY and similar in appearance to other weedy Apiaceae, so it seems likely that it has either been overlooked or will eventually escape cultivation within the state.
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Oenanthe
Oenanthe (excluded taxa) Water dropwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
(Blume) DC.

    Oenanthe javanica
    Oenanthe stolonifera
Java waterdropwort
Water cellery

Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Oenanthe javanica iNat-84938314.jpg
Nymap.svg
xx counties

USDA-XX

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Wikispecies

Tribe Scandiceae[edit | edit source]

Subtribe Scandicinae[edit | edit source]
Osmorhiza[edit | edit source]
Osmorhiza claytonii
bland sweet-cicely
The two native species of Osmorhiza (sweet cicely or sweetroot) can be distinguished by the ultimate number of divisions of their umbels and by the strength of anise odor from their roots and foliage. Usually, O. claytonii has 4-8 flowers and a slight anise odor, while O. longistylis has 9-18 flowers and a strong anise odor.
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Scandiceae — Scandicinae — Osmorhiza
Osmorhiza Sweet cicely N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Michx.) C.B.Clarke

1803. Myrrhis claytonii Michx.
1830. Osmorhiza brevistylis DC.
1879. Osmorhiza claytonii C.B.Clarke
1897. Washingtonia claytonii Britton
1916. Scandix claytonii Koso-Pol.
Bland sweet-cicely,
Hairy sweet cicely,
Clayton's sweetroot,
Seet jarvil
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure,
S5

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Shade
Osmorhiza claytonii NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 (Torr.) DC.

1824. Myrrhis longistylis Torr.
1830. Osmorhiza longistylis DC.
1897. Washingtonia longistylis Britton
Long-styled sweet-cicely,
Longstyle sweetroot,
Aniseroot,
Smooth sweet cicely,
Wild licorice
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure,
S5

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Shade
Osmorhiza longistylis - Aniseroot.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Chaerophyllum[edit | edit source]
Chaerophyllum procumbens
Spreading chervil
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Scandiceae — Scandicinae — Chaerophyllum
Chaerophyllum Chervil N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Crantz
var. procumbens

1753. Scandix procumbens L.
1767. C. procumbens (L.) Crantz
Spreading chervil,
Wild chervil
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
S1, G5

FAC-FACW

Annual,
Herb-forb
Chaerophyllum procumbens NRCS-1.jpg
Chaerophyllum procumbens nymap.svg
Chemung, Genesee, Tompkins, Wayne
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Anthriscus[edit | edit source]
Anthriscus sylvestris
Highly invasive Wild chervil or cow parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris) has been spreading throughout the state along roadsides, forest edges, and stream and river banks, often forming dense stands. It may well have been overlooked in places where it has not yet been recorded.[1]
  1. Michael Hough (2019). Flora of Cortland and Onondaga Counties, New York. p. 397.
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Scandiceae — Scandicinae — Anthriscus
AnthriscusPers. Chervil N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Hoffm.

Wild chervil
Cow parsley
Common chervil
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 79%[1],
Prohibited[2],
CP-3[3],
SNA
Anthriscus sylvestris 001.JPG
Anthriscus sylvestris nymap.svg
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 (L.) Hoffm.

    A. longirostris Bertol.
    Cerefolium cerefolium
    Scandix cerefolium L.
Common chervil,
Garden chervil
Introduced,
Not naturalized,
SNA, GNR
20140330Anthriscus cerefolium2.jpg
Nymap.svg
St. Lawrence, Tompkins
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 M. Bieb.

    A. neglecta var. scandix
    A. scandicina Mansf. (i)
Bur chervil Introduced,
Not naturalized,
SNA
Anthriscus caucalis kz03.jpg
Nymap.svg
Tompkins
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  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAnthriscus sylvestris: High (79). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Proposed Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  3. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Botanic Gardens' accessioned collections (2018)
Subtribe Daucinae[edit | edit source]
Daucus[edit | edit source]
Daucus carota
Wild carrot (Daucus carota), ancestor to the cultivated carrot, has edible roots when young, but they soon become quite woody. Wild carrot is listed as invasive in several states. It seems to be more prolific on calcareous sites.
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Scandiceae — Daucinae — Daucus
Daucus Wild-carrot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Daucus carota L.
1753. D. gingidium L.
1813. D. aegyptiacus Hornem.
1843. D. abyssinicus C.A.Mey.
Wild carrot,
Queen Anne's lace,
Bird's nest
Carotte sauvage,
Carotte,
Carotte potagère,
Dauce carotte
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive

UPL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
20170715Daucus carota4.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Subtribe Torilidinae[edit | edit source]
Torilis[edit | edit source]
Torilis japonica
Hedge parsleys are generally native to Eurasia and northern Africa. Of the three Torilis species found in New York, only Torilis japonica (erect or Japanese hedge-parsley) is known to naturalize. Although somewhat scattered throughout the state, T. japonica can form fairly dense stands where it occurs along roadsides, weedy forests, and thickets.[1]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Scandiceae — Torilidinae — Torilis
Torilis Hedgeparsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Houtt.) DC.

1777. Caucalis japonica Houtt.
1805. T. anthriscus (L.) C.C.Gmel.
1830. T. japonica (Houtt.) DC.
1903. T. anthriscus var. japonica
Erect hedge-parsley,
Japanese hedge parsley,
Upright hedge parsley
Torilis du Japon,
Torilis anthrisque,
Torilis faux-cerfeuil
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Invasive,
CP-3[1] IPA[2][3],
SNA, GNR

Annual,
Herb-forb
Torilis japonica 1.JPG
Torilis japonica nymap.svg
Broome, Cayuga, Columbia, Dutchess, Erie, Monroe, Orange, Putnam, Schuyler, Suffolk, Tompkins, Ulster, Westchester, Wyoming
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 (Huds.) Link

1762. Caucalis arvensis Huds.
1821. Torilis arvensis Link
1915. Anthriscus arvensis Koso-Pol.
Spreading hedgeparsley,
Canada hedge-parsley,
Field hedge-parsley
Torilis des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive,
Unk. naturalization,
SNA

Annual,
Forb-herb
Torilis arvensis kz1.JPG
Nymap.svg
Richmond (2002)
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(L.) Rchb. f.

1753. Caucalis leptophylla L.
1866. Torilis leptophylla (L.) Rchb. f.
1949. Torilis xanthotricha Stankov
Bristly-fruited hedge parsley

Introduced,
Not naturalized,
SNA
Torilis leptophylla kz4.jpg
Nymap.svg
Suffolk (1966)
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Tribe Careae[edit | edit source]

Carum[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Careae — Carum
Carum Carum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Caraway,
Anise
Introduced Caraway Carum carvi Kerava VI08 H5457 C.jpg
Carum carvi NY-dist-map.png
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Aegopodium[edit | edit source]
Aegopodium podagraria
goutweed
The only Aegopodium species known to naturalize in New York is Aegopodium podagraria (goutweed), which is native to Eurasia but has been widely planted elsewhere, where it often escapes or persists where it was planted. It has been listed as moderately invasive in New York State.
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Careae — Aegopodium
Aegopodium Goutweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Aegopodium podagraria L.
1827. Carum podagraria (L.) Roth
1889. Apium podagraria (L.) Caruel
1900. A. podagraria var. variegatum
Goutweed,
Bishop's goutweed,
Ground elder,
Snow-on-the-mountain
Égopode podagraire,
Herbe aux goutteux,
Podagraire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 64%[1],
iMapInvasives,
CP-3,[2] NE-2[3],
SNA, GNR

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
PP Na bahně 22.jpg
Aegopodium podagraria NY-dist-map.png
Albany, Bronx, Broome, Chautauqua, Chemung, Delaware, Erie, Essex, Fulton, Kings, Livingston, Montgomery, Nassau, New York, Orange, Otsego, Queens, Rensselaer, Richmond, Saratoga, Schoharie, St. Lawrence, Tioga, Ulster, Westchester
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  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAegopodium podagraria: Moderate (64). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Botanic Gardens' accessioned collections (2018)
  3. Category 2 Plants - moderately invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Pimpinelleae[edit | edit source]

Pimpinella[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Pimpinelleae — Pimpinella
Pimpinella Burnet-saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. P. saxifraga L.
    
Common burnet-saxifrage,
Solidstem burnet-saxifrage,
Burnet-saxifrage
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Pimpinella saxifraga L. (8070509708).jpg
Nymap.svg
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 (L.) Huds.

1753. P. saxifraga var. major
1762. P. major Huds.
1771. P. magna L.
Hollowstem burnet saxifrage,
Hollow-stemmed burnet-saxifrage
Introduced from
 Europe
Apiaceae - Pimpinella major-1.JPG
Nymap.svg
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Tribe Coriandreae[edit | edit source]

Coriandrum[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Coriandreae — Coriandrum
Coriandrum Coriander N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Coriandrum sativum L.
1904. Selinum coriandrum Krause
    
Coriander,
Cilantro,
Chinese parsley
Coriandre cultivée,
Coriandre cultivé,
Coriandre
Introduced from
 Mediterranean,
Likely naturalized
Flor de Coentro.jpg
Coriandrum sativum NY-dist-map.png
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Tribe Apieae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Apieae
Apium[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Apieae — Apium
Apium Celery N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Apium graveolens L.
1771. Seseli graveolens (L) Scop.
1788. Sium apium Roth
1805. Sium graveolens (L) Vest
1829. Seseli graveolens (L) Ledeb.
1900. Apium vulgare Bubani
1904. Selinum graveolens (L) Krause
1911. Apium integrilobum Hayata
1913. Celeri graveolens (L.) Britton
1916. Carum graveolens (L.) Koso-Pol.
Celery,
Wild celery
Céleri
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Apium graveolens 003.JPG
Apium graveolens NY-dist-map.png
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Anethum[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Apieae — Anethum
Anethum Dill N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Dill Introduced Anethum graveolens (7490802574).jpg
Anethum graveolens NY-dist-map.png
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Foeniculum[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Apieae — Foeniculum
Foeniculum Fennel N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Sweet fennel Introduced Starr 070908-9242 Foeniculum vulgare.jpg
Foeniculum vulgare NY-dist-map.png
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Levisticum[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Apieae — Levisticum
Levisticum Levisticum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Lovage Introduced Levisticum officinale 002.jpg
Levisticum officinale NY-dist-map.png
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Petroselinum[edit | edit source]
Petroselinum crispum
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is widely cultivated and may occasionally escape but is not known to truly naturalize in New York State.
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Apieae — Petroselinum
Petroselinum Parsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Mill.) Fuss

1753. Apium petroselinum L.
1768. Apium crispum Mill.
1821. Petroselinum vulgare Lag.
1866. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss
1867. Carum petroselinum (L.) Benth. & Hook.f.
1879. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman
1904. Selinum petroselinum (L.) E.H.L.Krause
1925. P. crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex A.W.Hill
Garden parsley,
Parsley
Persil
Introduced

Annual,
Herb-forb
Parsley 1 2018-04-06.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Tribe Tordylieae[edit | edit source]

This tribe contains the parsnips and cowparsnips. The only native member of the Tordylieae is Heracleum maximum. To varying degrees, skin contact with any of these species may cause phytophotodermatitis.
Heracleum[edit | edit source]
Heracleum mantegazzianum
giant hogweed
The Heracleum (cow-parsnip or hogweed) species found in New York include the native American cow-parsnip (H. maximum) and the introduced, highly invasive giant hogweed or giant cow-parsnip (H. mantegazzianum). Although the sap of all members of this genus may cause phytophotodermatitis, giant hogweed is by far the worst offender.
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Tordylieae — Heracleum

Heracleum Cowparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 W.Bartram

1791. Heracleum maximum W.Bartram
1803. H. lanatum Michx.
1828. H. montanum Schleich. ex Gaudin
1905. H. sphondylium ssp. montanum
1982. H. sphondylium ssp. lanatum
1988. H. sphondylium var. lanatum
Cow parsnip
Cow-parsnip
Common cowparsnip
American cow-parsnip
Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Heracleum maximum 3854.JPG
Heracleum maximum NY-dist-map.png
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Sommier & Levier

Giant hogweed,
Giant cow-parsnip
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 72%[1],
CP-3[2]
Herkulesstaude fg01.jpg
Heracleum mantegazzianum nymap.svg
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ssp. sphondylium

European cow parsnip,
Common hogweed,
Eltrot
Introduced 20170523Heracleum sphondylium2.jpg
Heracleum sphondylium ssp sphondylium nymap.svg
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  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentHeracleum mantegazzianum: High (72). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Botanic Gardens' accessioned collections (2018)
Pastinaca[edit | edit source]
Pastinaca sativa
Of the approximately 15 parsnip (Pastanica) species,[1] only wild parsnip (P. sativa) is known to have naturalized in New York.
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Tordylieae
Pastinaca Parsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Pastinaca sativa L.
    
    
Wild parsnip,
Common parsnip
Panais sauvage,
Panais cultivé
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
Perdue: 71%,
SNA

Biennial-perennial,
Herb-forb
Pastinaca sativa 003.JPG
Pastinaca sativa nymap.svg
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Note: IPA[1]

Tribe Selineae[edit | edit source]

Taenidia[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Taenidia
Taenidia Yellow-pimpernel N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Drude

1753. Smyrnium integerrimum L.
1898. Taenidia integerrima (L.) Drude
Yellow pimpernel,
Yellow pimpernell,
Golden Alexander
Ténidia à feuilles entières,
Ténidie très entière
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
Taenidia integerrima Kentucky.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Zizia[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Zizia
Zizia Zizia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) W.D.J.Koch

1753. Smyrnium aureum L.
1818. Thaspium aureum (L.) Nutt.
1820. Sison aureum (L.) Spreng.
1824. Zizia aurea (L.) W.D.J.Koch
1894. T. trifoliatum var. aureum
Common golden Alexanders,
Golden Zizia
Native,
Secure

FAC,
Sun - part shade
Zizia aurea (16787337344).jpg
Zizia aurea NY-dist-map.png
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Zizia cordata
Heartleaf golden Alexanders,
Meadow zizia
Native,
Likely secure
Zizia aptera.jpg
Zizia aptera NY-dist-map.png
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Thaspium[edit | edit source]
Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum

Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Thaspium
Thaspium Meadow-parsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Michx.) Nutt.

1803. Ligusticum barbinode Michx.
1818. Thaspium barbinode Nutt.
1887. T. barbinode var. angustifolium
1900. T. barbinode var. chapmanii
1933. Thaspium chapmanii Small
Hairyjoint meadowparsnip,
Hairy-jointed meadowparsnip
Native,
Endangered
Thaspium barbinode.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Thaspium (excluded taxa) Meadow-parsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) A.Gray
var. aureum (L.) Britton

1753. Smyrnium aureum L.
1818. Thaspium aureum Nutt
1894. T. trifoliatum var. aureum
1918. T. trifoliatum var. flavum
Purple meadow-parsnip,
Smooth meadow-parsnip
N.America native,
N.Y. excluded
Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum - Flickr - pellaea.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 (L.) A.Gray
var. trifoliatum

1856. Thaspium trifoliatum (L.) A.Gray
1887. T. aureum var. trifoliatum
Purple meadowparsnip
Purple thaspium

N.America native,
N.Y. excluded
Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum - Flickr - pellaea.jpg
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Angelica[edit | edit source]
Angelica atropurpurea L.
purple-stemmed angelica

Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Angelica
Angelica Angelica N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Angelica atropurpurea L.
1814. Archangelica atropurpurea (L.) Hoffm.
1931. Angelica atropurpurea
var. occidentalis Fassett
Purple-stemmed angelica,
Great angelica,
Purplestem angelica
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure,
S5, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Purple-stemmed Angelica (Angelica atropurpurea) - London, Ontario.jpg
Angelica atropurpurea NY-dist-map.png
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Angelica villosa
Hairy angelica,
Deadly angelica
Native, CoC: 8,
Endangered,
NYNHP[1],
S1, G5

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Angelica venenosa (14535394640).jpg
Angelica venenosa NY-dist-map.png
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L.

1753. Angelica lucida L.
1803. Ligusticum actaeifolium Michx.
1813. Imperatoria lucida (L.) Spreng.
1816. Caucalis lucida (L.) Lag.
1830. Archangelica gmelinii DC.
1844. Coelopleurum gmelinii (DC.) Ledeb.
1900. Coelopleurum actaeifolium
(Michx.) J.M. Coult. & Rose
1919. Coelopleurum lucidum (L.) Fernald
Sea-coast angelica
Sea coast angelica
Seaside angelica
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP[2],
S2, G5

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Angelicalucida.jpg
Angelica lucida NY-dist-map.png
Kings (1996), Suffolk (1914-2000)
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Ligusticum[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Ligusticum
Ligusticum Licorice-root N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
ssp. scoticum

Scottish licorice-root Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered
Ligusticum scoticum.jpg
Ligusticum scoticum ssp scoticum NY-dist-map.png
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Aethusa[edit | edit source]
Aethusa cynapium
The genus Aethusa contains the single species Aethusa cynapium (fool’s parsley or poison parsley).
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Aethusa
Aethusa Aethusa N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Aethusa cynapium L.
Fool's-parsley,
Poison parsley
Ethuse,
Petite ciguë
Introduced from
 Eurasia

Annual,
Herb-forb
Aethusa cynapium 001.JPG
Aethusa cynapium NY-dist-map.png
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Peucedanum[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Peucedanum
Peucedanum Masterwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) W.D.J.Koch

1753. Imperatoria ostruthia L.
1822. Imperatoria major Gray
1824. Peucedanum ostruthium W.D.J.Koch
Masterwort Introduced Peudecanum ostruthium 002.JPG
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Tribe (Conioselinum chinense clade)[edit | edit source]

Conioselinum[edit | edit source]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — (unplaced) — Conioselinum
Conioselinum Hemlockparsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1753. Athamanta chinense L.
1813. Cnidium chinense Spreng. ex Steud.
1888. Conioselinum chinense B.S.P.
1900. Conioselinum pacificum J.M.Coult. & Rose
Chinese hemlock-parsley,
Eastern hemlockparsley,
Hemlock parsley
Native,
Likely secure
Conioselinum chinense BB-1913.png
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Tribe (Conium clade)[edit | edit source]

Conium[edit | edit source]
Conium maculatum
poison-hemlock
Poison-hemlock (Conium maculatum) was likely the source of the hemlock given to Socrates to drink as a penalty for corrupting the youth and refusing to recognize the gods that were recognized by the city-state of Athens. Plato claimed that Socrates' last words after drinking the poison were "Crito, we owe a cock to Asclepius. Do pay it. Don't forget." Asclepius was the god of medicine, who was killed by Zeus for bringing people back from the dead, or possibly for accepting payment for doing so.



Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — (unplaced) — Conium
Conium Poison hemlock N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Conium maculatum L.
1767. Coriandrum cicuta Crantz
1767. Cicuta officinalis Crantz
1768. Conium cicuta Neck.
1778. Cicuta major Lam.
1788. Coriandrum cicuta Roth
1788. Coriandrum maculatum (L.) Roth
1799. Conium maculosum Pall.
1806. Sium conium Vest
1904. Selinum conium (Vest) E.H.L. Krause
Poison hemlock,
Deadly hemlock,
Poison parsley,
Fool's-parsley,
Spotted parsley,
Spotted-hemlock
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
Toxic,
SNA, G5

FACW

Biennial,
Herb-forb
PKL2015-07-06.JPG
Conium maculatum NY-dist-map.png
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