Flora of New York/Apiales

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Millerieae, Madieae, Eupatorieae
Flora of New York — Apiales
Dipsacales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


In New York, the order Apiales is represented by the ginseng and carrot families.
Order Family Subfamily Tribe Subtribe Genera G T
Apiales Araliaceae Aralioideae Hedereae Hedera (English ivy) 1 1
Aralieae Aralia (spikenard, sarsaparilla, angelica tree)
Panax (ginseng)
Eleutherococcus (five-leaved aralia)
3 8
Hydrocotyloideae Hydrocotyle (water pennywort) 1 5
Apiaceae Saniculoideae Saniculeae Sanicula (sanicle, black snakeroot)
Eryngium (eryngo, coyote thistle)
2 7
Apioideae Oenantheae Sium (water-parsnip)
Cicuta (water-hemlock)
Cryptotaenia (honewort)
Ptilimnium (mock bishop-weed, herb-william)
Lilaeopsis (grasswort)
Oxypolis (cowbane, stiff cowbane, water dropwort)
Berula (water parsnip)
7 8
Scandiceae Scandicinae Osmorhiza (sweetroot, sweet-cicely)
Chaerophyllum (chervil)
Anthriscus (chervil, cow parsley)
3 6
Daucinae Daucus (wild carrot, Queen Anne's lace) 1 1
Torilidinae Torilis (hedge parsley) 1 1
Careae Carum (caraway, anise)
Aegopodium (goutweed, ground elder)
2 2
Pimpinelleae Pimpinella (burnet-saxifrage) 1 2
Coriandreae Coriandrum (coriander) 1 1
Apieae Apium (celery)
Anethum (dill)
Foeniculum (fennel)
Levisticum (lovage)
Petroselinum (parsley)
4 4
Tordylieae Heracleum (cow parsnip, hogweed)
Pastinaca (parsnip)
2 4
Selineae Taenidia (yellow pimpernel)
Zizia (golden Alexanders)
Angelica (angelica)
Ligusticum (licorice-root)
Thaspium (meadow-parsnip)
Aethusa (fool's parsley)
Peucedanum (masterwort)
7 11
(unplaced) Conioselinum (hemlock-parsley)
Erigenia (pepper-and-salt)
Conium (poison hemlock)
3 3

Family Araliaceae[edit]

The Araliaceae (ginseng family)

Subfamily Aralioideae[edit]

Tribe Aralieae[edit]

Aralia[edit]
Three sections of Aralia are found in New York.[1]
  1. Wen, J. (2011). "Systematics and Biogeography of Aralia L. (Araliaceae): Revision of Aralia Sects. Aralia, Humiles, Nanae, and Sciadodendron." Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 57:1-172. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/23493230
Aralia sect. Nanae[edit]
Aralia nudicaulis L.
wild sarsaparilla

Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Aralieae — Aralia — sect. Nanae
Araliasect. Nanae Sarsaparilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.

1753. Aralia nudicaulis L.
    
    
Wild sarsaparilla,
American sarsaparilla,
Virginia sarsaparilla
Angélique à tige nue,
Salsepareille
Native, C:6,
Secure
Aralia nudicaulis 2-eheep (5097838708).jpg
Aralia nudicaulis nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Aralia sect. Aralia[edit]
Aralia racemosa L.
spikenard

Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Aralieae — Aralia — sect. Aralia
Araliasect. Aralia Spikenard N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.

1753. Aralia racemosa L.
    
    
Spikenard,
American spikenard,
Small spikenard,
Life-of-man,
Petty-morel
Native, C:7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Subshrub
Aralia racemosa (5097262395).jpg
Aralia racemosa ssp racemosa nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Aralia sect. Dimorphanthus[edit]
Aralia spinosa L.
devil’s walking stick, Hercules’s club
Sect. Dimorphanthus is disjunctly distributed in eastern Asia and eastern North America with only two of it's 29 species native to North America. Both of these native species are present in New York, along with one Asian introduction.

One distinguishing characteristic of this section is that all members bear prickles on their stems, while the species of all other Aralia sections remain unarmed.[1]

The native Aralia spinosa (devil's walkingstick) is similar in appearance to the exotic invasive Aralia elata (Japanese Angelica tree). Reports of Aralia spinosa in the New York City area are probably Aralia elata.[2]


Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Aralieae — Aralia — sect. Dimorphanthus
Araliasect. Dimorphanthus Angelica-tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Vent.

1801. Aralia hispida Vent.
Bristly sarsaparilla,
Bristly spikenard
Aralie hispide,
Salsepareille
Native, C:6,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Subshrub
Aralia hispida 1-jgreenlee (5097208183).jpg
Aralia hispida nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Devil's walking-stick,
Hercules'-club,
Angelica-tree
Native, C:4,
Endangered,
Note:[1]

FAC

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Aralia spinosa 1120462.jpg
Aralia spinosa nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW Can-0





Images, wsp
 (Miq.) Seem.

    Dimorphanthus elatus Miq.
    Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem.
    
Japanese angelica-tree,
Japanese aralia,
Japanese Hercules'-club
Aralie élevée,
Aralia élevé,
Angélique du Japon
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 80%[2],
Prohibited[3],
NE-4[4]
Aralia elata3.jpg
Aralia elata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can


BNA


Images, wsp
  1. New York Rare Plant Status Lists, November 2017: Changes Since the June 2010 Rare Plant Status Lists: Aralia spinosa: G5 S1
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAralia elata: Very high (80). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  3. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  4. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Panax[edit]
Panax trifolius - dwarf ginseng
American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), is widely collected for use as a medicinal herb.[1] Note that is illegal to harvest American ginseng from State Lands.[2]
Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Aralieae — Panax
Panax Ginseng N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Panax trifolium L.
1854. Aralia trifolia (L.) Decne.& Planch.
1872. Ginseng trifolium (L.) Alph.Wood
Dwarf ginseng,
Groundnut
Ginseng à trois folioles,
Panace à trois folioles,
Petit ginseng
Native, C:8,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Panax trifolius - Dwarf Ginseng 2.jpg
Panax trifolius nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
 L.

1718. Aureliana canadensis Lafit. pre-Lin.
1753. Panax quinquefolium L.
1838. Panax americanus Raf.
1854. Aralia quinquefolia (L.) Decne.& Planch.
1871. Ginseng quinquefolium (L.) Alph.Wood
American ginseng,
Five-leaved ginseng,
Occidental ginseng,
Redberry
Ginseng à cinq folioles,
Ginseng d'Amérique,
Grand ginseng,
Panace à cinq folioles
Native, C:9,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Panax quinquefolius FWS-4x3.jpg
Panax quinquefolius nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
Eleutherococcus[edit]

The National Park Service considers Five-leaf Aralia to be a potential or emerging threat to natural areas in the mid-Atlantic region.[1]

Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Aralieae — Eleutherococcus
Eleutherococcus Thorny ginseng N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Makino) Koidz.

1881. Acanthopanax pentaphyllus Marchal
1898. Acanthopanax sieboldianus Makino
1914. E. pentaphyllus (Marchal) Nakai
1939. E. sieboldianus (Makino) Koidz.
Five-leaved aralia Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Eleutherococcus-sieboldianus.JPG
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Hedereae[edit]

Hedera[edit]

Ivies (Hedera spp.) are primarily native to Eurasia and northern Africa. Outside of their native ranges, some can become invasive, as Hedera helix is considered to be in New York. However both of these ivies are considered invasive at various locations throughout North America.[1]

Apiales — Araliaceae — Aralioideae — Hedereae — Hedera
Hedera Ivy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
ssp. helix

1753. Hedera helix L
1830. Hedera canariensis Willd.
1830. H. helix var. canariensis DC.
1913. H. helix ssp. canariensis Cout.
English ivy
Lierre commun,
Lierre
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 66%[2],
CP-3[3] IPA
Starr 010419-0076 Hedera helix.jpg
Hedera helix nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Hedera (excluded) Ivy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (G.Kirchn.) Bean

1864. Hedera helix var. hibernica G.Kirchn.
1890. Hedera hibernica Carrière invalid
1914. Hedera hibernica (G.Kirchn.) Bean
1987. Hedera helix ssp. hibernica McClint.
Atlantic ivy,
Irish ivy
Lierre d'Irlande
Introduced from
 Europe,
N.Y. excluded
Hedera hibernica flower.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Patterson Clark (2013). "Ivy: You say helix, I say hibernica." Urban Jungle column in The Washington Post. February 19, 2013.
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentHedera helix: Moderate (66). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  3. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Subfamily Hydrocotyloideae[edit]

Hydrocotyle[edit]

Apiales — Araliaceae — Hydrocotyloideae — Hydrocotyle
Hydrocotyle Water pennywort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.

1753. Hydrocotyle americana L.
    
    
American marsh-pennywort,
American water-pennywort
Native, C:6,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Hydrocotyle americana drawing.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Hydrocotyle umbellata L.
    
    
Many-flowered
  marsh-pennywort,
Many-flowered pennywort,
Dollarweed
Native, C:10,
Rare
Dying dollarweed.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-N?
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.f.

1782. H. ranunculoides L.f.
    
    
Floating pennywort Native,
Endangered
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1






Images, wsp
 Thunb.
var. verticillata

1798. Hydrocotyle verticillata Thunb.
    
    
Whorled pennywort,
Whorled marsh-pennywort
Native,
Endangered
Hydrocotyle verticillata var triradiata1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

    Hydrocotyle vulgaris L.
    H. fetherstoniana
1798. H. verticillata var. fetherstoniana
European marsh-pennywort,
Common pennywort,
Pennywort
Introduced,
Impersistent
Hydrocotyle verticillata (aka).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-00
NEW 




EOL 
Images, wsp
Lam.

    H. sibthorpioides Lam.
    H. rotundifolia Roxburgh ex DC.
    
Lawn marsh-pennywort Introduced,
Naturalized
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp

Family Apiaceae[edit]

The Apiaceae (carrot family)...

Subfamily Saniculoideae[edit]

Tribe Saniculeae[edit]

Sanicula[edit]
Sanicula marilandica L.
Maryland sanicle

Apiales — Apiaceae — Saniculoideae — Saniculeae — Sanicula
Sanicula Sanicle /
black snakeroot
N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
L.

1753. S. marilandica L.
    
    
Maryland sanicle,
Maryland snakeroot,
Black snakeroot
Native, C:6,
Secure
Sanicula marilandica RF.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW 





Images, wsp
L.
var. canadensis

1753. S. canadensis L.
1824. S. marilandica var. canadensis
    
Short-styled sanicle,
Canadian blacksnakeroot,
Canada sanicle
Native, C:7,
Secure
Sanicula-canadensis-canadian-black-snakeroot-seeds.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
var. grandis Fernald

1940. S. canadensis var. grandis
    
    
Big-fruited Canada sanicle,,
Big-fruited Canada snakeroot
Native, C:7,
Historical
Sanicula canadensis drawing.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-H
USDA-N
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
(Raf.) K.M.Pryer & L.R.Phillippe

1817. Triclinium odoratum Raf.
1895. S. gregaria E.P.Bicknell
1989. S. odorata (Raf.)
K.M.Pryer & L.R.Phillippe
Clustered sanicle,
Clustered black snakeroot,
Common black snakeroot
Native, C:7,
Secure

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sanicula odorata NRCS-002.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
E.P. Bicknell

    
    
    
Large-fruited sanicle,
Large-fruited snakeroot,
Beaked snakeroot
Native, C:?,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sanicula trifoliata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS




Images, wsp
Eryngium[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Saniculoideae — Saniculeae — Eryngium
Eryngium Eryngo N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3

Marsh rattlesnake master Native,
No recent reports
Eryngium aquaticum.jpg
Eryngium aquaticum nymap.svg
NYFA-Z






Images, wsp

Plain coyote-thistle,
Plains eryngo
Introduced

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Eryngium-planum.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Eryngium (excluded taxa) Eryngo N.Y. Status Images Distribution X

Seaside coyote-thistle Introduced,
Impersistent
Eryngium maritimum Enfoque 2010-7-04 LagunadelaMata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
Michx.

    Eryngium yuccifolium Michx.
Button eryngo
Button snake-root
Rattlesnake master

N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Rattlesnakemaster.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

Subfamily Apioideae[edit]

The organization used here for the Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae is based on Downie (2010).[1]

Tribe Erigenieae[edit]

Erigenia[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Erigenia
Erigenia Erigenia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

    
    
    
Harbinger-of-spring,
Pepper-and-salt
Native, C:9,
Endangered
Erigenia bulbosa FWS 13185.jpg
Erigenia bulbosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Tribe Oenantheae[edit]

Sium[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Sium
Sium Waterparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Walter

1788. Sium suave Walter
1789. Sium cicutifolium Schrank
1987. Sium suave var. floridanum
C.F. Reed
Hemlock water-parsnip,
Water-parsnip,
Water-parsley
Native,
Secure
Sium suave WFNY-149.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Cicuta[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Cicuta
Cicuta Water-hemlock N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2

Bulb-bearing water-hemlock,
Bulblet-bearing water hemlock,
Bulbous waterhemlock
Native,
Secure
Cicuta bulbifera 5498645.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW 





Images, wsp
var. maculata

Spotted water hemlock,
Poison hemlock,
Beaver-poison,
Musquash-root,
Spotted cowbane
Native,
Secure
Cicuta maculata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-
NEW 





Images, wsp
Cryptotaenia[edit]
Cryptotaenia canadensis (L.) DC.
Canada honewort
Cryptotaenia is a small genus with a single North American native, known as Canada honewort, which inhabits rich moist forests and thickets.
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Cryptotaenia
Cryptotaenia Honewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) DC.

1753. Sison canadense L.
1829. Cryptotaenia canadensis DC.
1891. Deringa canadensis Kuntze
Canada honewort Native, C:6,
Secure

FAC
Cryptotaenia canadensis BotGardBln07122011D.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Ptilimnium[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Ptilimnium
Ptilimnium Mock-bishopweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Michx.) Raf.

1803. Ammi capillaceum Michx.
1829. Discopleura capillacea DC.
1830. Ptilimnium capillaceum Raf.
Mock bishop-weed,
Threadleaf mockbishopweed,
Atlantic mock bishop-weed,
Herbwilliam
Native,
Rare
Ptilimnium capillaceum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
Lilaeopsis[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Lilaeopsis
Lilaeopsis Grasswort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Hydrocotyle chinensis L.
1803. Hydrocotyle lineata Michx.
1818. Crantzia lineata Nutt.
1891. Lilaeopsis lineata Greene
1898. Lilaeopsis chinensis Kuntze
Eastern grasswort,
Eastern lilaeopsis
Native,
Threatened
Lilaeopsis chinensis BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Oxypolis[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Oxypolis
OxypolisRaf. Cowbane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Raf.

1753. Sium rigidius L.
1830. Oxypolis rigidior Raf.
Stiff cowbane,
Water-dropwort
Native,
Endangered
Oxypolis rigidior BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Berula[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Oenantheae — Berula
Berula Waterparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Cutleaf water parsnip,
Water parsnip
Native,
No recent reports
Tufière de Rolampont (26).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Tribe Scandiceae[edit]

Subtribe Scandicinae[edit]
Osmorhiza[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Scandiceae — Scandicinae — Osmorhiza
Osmorhiza Sweetroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Michx.) C.B.Clarke

1803. Myrrhis claytonii Michx.
1830. Osmorhiza brevistylis DC.
1879. Osmorhiza claytonii C.B.Clarke
1897. Washingtonia claytonii Britton
1916. Scandix claytonii Koso-Pol.
Clayton's sweetroot,
Hairy sweet cicely,
Bland sweet-cicely
Native,
Secure
Osmorhiza claytonii NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Torr.) DC.

1824. Myrrhis longistylis Torr.
1830. Osmorhiza longistylis DC.
1897. Washingtonia longistylis Britton
Longstyle sweetroot,
Long-styled sweetroot,
Aniseroot,
Smooth sweet cicely,
Long-styled sweet-cicely
Native,
Secure
Osmorhiza longistylis 5473228.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Chaerophyllum[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Scandiceae — Scandicinae — Chaerophyllum
Chaerophyllum Chervil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Crantz
var. procumbens

1753. Scandix procumbens L.
1767. C. procumbens (L.) Crantz
Spreading chervil Native, C:10,
Endangered

FACW
Chaerophyllum procumbens NRCS-1.jpg
Chaerophyllum procumbens nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW-0


BNA


Images, wsp
Anthriscus[edit]
Anthriscus sylvestris

Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Scandiceae — Scandicinae — Anthriscus
AnthriscusPers. Chervil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) Hoffm.

Wild chervil,
Cow parsley
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 79%[1],
Prohibited[2],
CP-3[3]
Anthriscus sylvestris 001.JPG
Anthriscus sylvestris nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 (L.) Hoffm.

    A. longirostris Bertol.
    Cerefolium cerefolium
    Scandix cerefolium L.
Common chervil,
Garden chervil
Introduced Myrrhis odorata, Roomse kervel bloeiwijze.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 M. Bieb.

    A. neglecta var. scandix
    A. scandicina Mansf. (i)
Bur chervil Introduced Kørvel.jpg
Nymap.svg

USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAnthriscus sylvestris: High (79). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Proposed Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  3. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Subtribe Daucinae[edit]
Daucus[edit]
Daucus carota
Wild carrot (Daucus carota), ancestor to the cultivated carrot, has edible roots when young, but they soon become quite woody.
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Scandiceae — Daucinae — Daucus
Daucus Wild-carrot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Daucus carota L.
1753. D. gingidium L.
1813. D. aegyptiacus Hornem.
1843. D. abyssinicus C.A.Mey.
Wild carrot,
Queen Anne's lace,
Bird's nest
Carotte sauvage,
Carotte,
Carotte potagère,
Dauce carotte
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

UPL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
20170715Daucus carota4.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Subtribe Torilidinae[edit]
Torilis[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Scandiceae — Torilidinae — Torilis
Torilis Hedgeparsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Houtt.) DC.

1777. Caucalis japonica Houtt.
1805. T. anthriscus (L.) C.C.Gmel.
1830. T. japonica (Houtt.) DC.
1903. T. anthriscus var. japonica
Erect hedge-parsley,
Japanese hedge parsley,
Upright hedge parsley
Torilis du Japon,
Torilis anthrisque,
Torilis faux-cerfeuil
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Invasive,
CP-3[1] IPA[2][3]

Annual,
Herb-forb
Torilis japonica.jpeg
Torilis japonica nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 (Huds.) Link

1762. Caucalis arvensis Huds.
1821. Torilis arvensis Link
1915. Anthriscus arvensis Koso-Pol.
Spreading hedgeparsley,
Canada hedge-parsley,
Field hedge-parsley
Torilis des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
No specimens

Annual,
Forb-herb
Torilis arvensis sl5.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-XN
Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Careae[edit]

Carum[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Careae — Carum
Carum Carum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Caraway,
Anise
Introduced Carum carvi 002.JPG
Carum carvi NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Aegopodium[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Careae — Aegopodium
Aegopodium Goutweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Aegopodium podagraria L.
1827. Carum podagraria (L.) Roth
1889. Apium podagraria (L.) Caruel
1900. A. podagraria var. variegatum
Goutweed,
Bishop's goutweed,
Ground elder,
Snow-on-the-mountain
Égopode podagraire,
Herbe aux goutteux,
Podagraire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 64%[1],
CP-3,[2] NE-2[3]

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
20170522Aegopodium podagraria3.jpg
Aegopodium podagraria NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAegopodium podagraria: Moderate (64). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. Category 2 Plants - moderately invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe Pimpinelleae[edit]

Pimpinella[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Pimpinelleae — Pimpinella
Pimpinella Burnet-saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. P. saxifraga L.
    
Common burnet-saxifrage,
Solidstem burnet-saxifrage,
Burnet-saxifrage
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Pimpinella saxifraga L. (8070509708).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 (L.) Huds.

1753. P. saxifraga var. major
1762. P. major Huds.
1771. P. magna L.
Hollowstem burnet saxifrage,
Hollow-stemmed burnet-saxifrage
Introduced from
 Europe
Apiaceae - Pimpinella major-1.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp

Tribe Coriandreae[edit]

Coriandrum[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Coriandreae — Coriandrum
Coriandrum Coriander N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Coriandrum sativum L.
1904. Selinum coriandrum Krause
    
Coriander,
Cilantro,
Chinese parsley
Coriandre cultivée,
Coriandre cultivé,
Coriandre
Introduced from
 Mediterranean,
Likely naturalized
Flor de Coentro.jpg
Coriandrum sativum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Apieae[edit]

Apium[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Apieae — Apium
Apium Celery N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Apium graveolens L.
1771. Seseli graveolens (L) Scop.
1788. Sium apium Roth
1805. Sium graveolens (L) Vest
1829. Seseli graveolens (L) Ledeb.
1900. Apium vulgare Bubani
1904. Selinum graveolens (L) Krause
1911. Apium integrilobum Hayata
1913. Celeri graveolens (L.) Britton
1916. Carum graveolens (L.) Koso-Pol.
Celery,
Wild celery
Céleri
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Apium graveolens 003.JPG
Apium graveolens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
Anethum[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Apieae — Anethum
Anethum Dill N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Dill Introduced Dill1.jpg
Anethum graveolens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Foeniculum[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Apieae — Foeniculum
Foeniculum Fennel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Sweet fennel Introduced Starr 070908-9242 Foeniculum vulgare.jpg
Foeniculum vulgare NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Levisticum[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Apieae — Levisticum
Levisticum Levisticum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Lovage Introduced Juni 2012 Levisticum officinale mit Insekt Nordbaden.JPG
Levisticum officinale NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Petroselinum[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Apieae — Petroselinum
Petroselinum Parsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Mill.) Fuss

1768. Apium crispum Mill.
1866. Petroselinum crispum Fuss
1879. P. crispum Nyman
1925. P. crispum Nyman ex A.W.Hill
Parsley
Persil
Introduced Flat Leaf Parsley123 008.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Tordylieae[edit]

This tribe contains the parsnips and cowparsnips, the only native member of which is Heracleum maximum. Skin contact with any of these may cause phytophotodermatitis.

Heracleum[edit]

Heracleum contains the native cow parsnip and the introduced hogweeds

Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Tordylieae
Heracleum Cowparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 W.Bartram

1791. Heracleum maximum W.Bartram
1803. H. lanatum Michx.
1905. H. sphondylium ssp. montanum
    H. sphondylium var. lanatum
Cow parsnip
Cow-parsnip
Common cowparsnip
American cow-parsnip
Native, C:6,
Secure

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Heracleum maximum 3854.JPG
Heracleum maximum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS


LBJ

Images, wsp

Giant hogweed Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 72%[1],
CP-3[2]
Bärenklau.jpg
Heracleum mantegazzianum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
ssp. sibiricum

Common hogweed,
Eltrot
Introduced 'Heracleum sphondylium' - Common Hogweed at Shipley, West Sussex, England 01.jpg
Heracleum sphondylium ssp sibiricum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentHeracleum mantegazzianum: High (72). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
Pastinaca[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Tordylieae
Pastinaca Parsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Pastinaca sativa L.
    
    
Wild parsnip,
Common parsnip
Panais sauvage,
Panais cultivé
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive

Biennial-perennial,
Herb-forb
20120725Reilingen55.jpg
Pastinaca sativa nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
Note: IPA[1] WW
  1. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States lists Pastinaca sativa invasive in MI, OH PA, TN, VA, WI

Tribe Selineae[edit]

Taenidia[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Taenidia
Taenidia Yellow-pimpernel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Drude

1753. Smyrnium integerrimum L.
1898. Taenidia integerrima (L.) Drude
Yellow pimpernel,
Yellow pimpernell,
Golden Alexander
Ténidia à feuilles entières,
Ténidie très entière
Native, C:7,
Secure
Taenidia integerrima (7384250242).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA
LBJ
EOL 
Images, wsp
Zizia[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Zizia
Zizia Zizia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2

Common golden Alexanders,
Golden Zizia
Native,
Secure

FAC,
Sun - part shade
Zizia aurea (16787337344).jpg
Zizia aurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 



LBJ

Images, wsp

Zizia cordata
Heartleaf golden Alexanders,
Meadow zizia
Native,
Likely secure
Zizia aptera drawing.png
Zizia aptera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Angelica[edit]
Angelica atropurpurea L.
purple-stemmed angelica

Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Angelica
Angelica Angelica N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

Purple-stemmed angelica,
Great angelica,
Purplestem angelica
Native, C:4,
Secure
Angelica atropurpurea (29440017125) 1x1.jpg
Angelica atropurpurea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp

Angelica villosa
Hairy angelica,
Deadly angelica
Native, C:8,
Endangered,
Note:[1]
Angelica venenosa (14535394640).jpg
Angelica venenosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NX
NEW 





Images, wsp

Coelopleurum spp.
Angelica,
Seacoast angelica,
Seaside angelica
Native, C:10,
Endangered
Angelicalucida.jpg
Angelica lucida NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
Ligusticum[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Ligusticum
Ligusticum Licorice-root N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. scoticum

Scottish licorice-root Native, C:10,
Endangered
Ligusticum scoticum.jpg
Ligusticum scoticum ssp scoticum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Thaspium[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Thaspium
Thaspium Meadow-parsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Michx.) Nutt.

1803. Ligusticum barbinode Michx.
1818. Thaspium barbinode Nutt.
1887. T. barbinode var. angustifolium
1900. T. barbinode var. chapmanii
1933. Thaspium chapmanii Small
Hairyjoint meadowparsnip,
Hairy-jointed meadowparsnip
Native,
Endangered
Thaspium barbinode BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 (L.) A.Gray
var. aureum (L.) Britton

1753. Smyrnium aureum L.
1818. Thaspium aureum Nutt
1894. T. trifoliatum var. aureum Britton
1918. T. trifoliatum var. flavum S.F.Blake
Purple meadow-parsnip,
Smooth meadow-parsnip
Native,
Likely extirpated
Thaspium trifoliatum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN


Trop.



Images, wsp
Aethusa[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Aethusa
Aethusa Aethusa N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Aethusa cynapium L.
    
    
Fool's-parsley,
Poison parsley
Ethuse,
Petite ciguë
Introduced from
 Eurasia

Annual,
Herb-forb
Aethusa cynapium 002.JPG
Aethusa cynapium NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Peucedanum[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — Selineae — Peucedanum
Peucedanum Masterwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) W.D.J.Koch

1753. Imperatoria ostruthia L.
1822. Imperatoria major Gray
1824. Peucedanum ostruthium W.D.J.Koch
Masterwort Introduced Peudecanum ostruthium 002.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe(unplaced)[edit]

Conioselinum[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — (unplaced) — Conioselinum
Conioselinum Hemlockparsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1753. Athamanta chinense L.
1813. Cnidium chinense Spreng. ex Steud.
1888. Conioselinum chinense B.S.P.
1900. Conioselinum pacificum J.M.Coult. & Rose
Hemlock parsley,
Eastern hemlockparsley,
Chinese hemlockparsley
Native,
Likely secure
Conioselinum chinense BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Conium[edit]
Apiales — Apiaceae — Apioideae — (unplaced) — Conium
Conium Poison hemlock N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Poison hemlock,
Deadly hemlock,
Poison parsley,
Fool's-parsley,
Spotted parsley,
Spotted-hemlock
Introduced PKL2015-07-06.JPG
Conium maculatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can





Images, wsp

Millerieae, Madieae, Eupatorieae
Flora of New York — Apiales
Dipsacales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index