Flora of New York/Caryophyllales 3

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Caryophyllales 2:
Caryophyllaceae
Flora of New York — Caryophyllales 3:
Amaranthaceae, Aizoaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Molluginaceae, Montiaceae, Portulacaceae, Cactaceae

Cornales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Amaranthaceae[edit]

The Amaranthaceae (amaranthus family)

Subfamily Amaranthoideae[edit]

The Amaranthoideae

Genus Amaranthus[edit]

Amaranthus subg. Acnida[edit]

Subgenus Acnida contains the dioecious Amaranthus species.

fam. Amaranthaceae – subfam. Amaranthoideae – genus Amaranthussubg. Acnida
Amaranthussubg. Acnida Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 22
(L.) Sauer (1955)

Acnida cannabina L. (1753)
Waterhemp pigweed,
Tidal marsh amaranth
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 4
Amaranthus cannabinus BB-1913.png
Amaranthus cannabinus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
Rough-fruited water-hemp,
Tall water-hemp,
Rough-fruited amaranth
Native,
Likely secure,
CoC: 1
Amaranthus tuberculatus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Amaranthus subg. Amaranthus[edit]

Dr. Mark Schonbeck, Virginia Association for Biological Farming (2015). "Redroot Pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus), Smooth Pigweed (A. hybridus), and Powell Amaranth (A. powellii)"

fam. Amaranthaceae – subfam. Amaranthoideae – genus Amaranthussubg. Amaranthus
Amaranthussubg. Amaranthus Amaranth N.Y. Status Images Distribution 22
L. (1753)
Common amaranth,
Redroot amaranth,
Redroot pigweed,
Rough pigweed,
Wild-beet amaranth
Native,
Secure,
NE-3[1]
Amaranthus retroflexus, Thomé 1885-1.png
Amaranthus retroflexus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Spleen amaranth,
Green pigweed,
Smooth pigweed,
Smooth amaranth,
Hybrid amaranth,
Slim amaranth
Native,
Questionable,
NE-3[1]
Starr 030424-0092 Amaranthus hybridus.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS 
FNA 
BNA 

Images, wsp
Powell’s amaranth,
Green amaranth,
Powell’s smooth amaranth
Introduced from
 southwest N. America,
 South America,
N. America native
Amaranthus powellii 5438081.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.
Love-lies-bleeding,
Purple amaranth,
Foxtail amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus caudatus0.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.

A. hybridus cruentus
A. paniculatus
Blood amaranth,
Purple amaranth,
Caterpillar amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus cruentus1.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
L. (1753)
Prince-of-Wales feather,
Prince’s feather,
Prince’s-feather amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Amaranthaceae) flowers.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp
Spiny amaranth,
Thorny amaranth
Introduced
Starr 061114-9876 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg






Images, wsp
  1. a b Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Amaranthus subg. Albersia[edit]
fam. Amaranthaceae – subfam. Amaranthoideae – genus Amaranthussubg. Albersia
Amaranthussubg. Albersia Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 22
 Raf.
Seabeach amaranth,
Coast amaranth
Native,
Threatened,
CoC: 10,
NYNHP: 1[1]
Seabeach Amaranth.jpg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA 
BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.

1759. Amaranthus albus L.
1894. A. graecizans var. pubescens (i)
1912. Amaranthus pubescens Rydb.
1945. A. albus var. pubescens Fernald
 auct. Amaranthus graecizans non L.
Prostrate pigweed,
Tumble pigweed,
Tumbleweed,
White amaranth
Introduced from
 tropical America
Amaranthus albus arizona.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
 S.Watson

1877. Amaranthus blitoides S.Watson
 auct. Amaranthus graecizans non L.
Prostrate pigweed,
Prostrate amaranth,
Matweed,
Matweed amaranth
Introduced from
 NA Southwest
Amaranthus blitoides BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 S.Watson

1877. Amaranthus palmeri S.Watson
Carelessweed,
Palmer’s amaranth
Introduced from
 NA Southwest
Amaranthus palmeri.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Amaranthus blitum L.
Purple amaranth,
Livid amaranth

Amarante livide
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Africa
Amaranthus lividus.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngAmaranthus lividus 2.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
(Lesp. & Thev.) N. Terracc.
Crispleaf amaranth,
Crisp-leaved amaranth
Introduced
Amaranthus crispus BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 L.
Low amaranth,
Large-fruited amaranth
Introduced,
Impersistent
Amaranthys deflexus12.JPG
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Tall amaranth Introduced






Images, wsp
Slender amaranth,
Tropical green amaranth,
Green amaranth
Introduced
Starr 010520-0109 Amaranthus viridis.jpg






Images, wsp

Subfamily Achyranthoideae[edit]

The Achyranthoideae

Genus Achyranthes[edit]

The Japanese chaff flower, Achyranthes japonica, has been found to be quite invasive where it has naturalized in Kentucky and surrounding states.[1] Although it has not been found to have naturalized in or near New York, Japanese chaff flower has been placed on the DEC's list of prohibited plants.[2]

fam. Amaranthaceae – subfam. Amaranthoideae – genus Achyranthes
AchyranthesL. Chaff flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Miq.) Nakai

1865. A. bidentata var. japonica Miq.
1920. Achyranthes japonica (Miq.) Nakai
Japanese chaff flower Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 71%[3],
Prohibited[2]
Achyranthes japonica.jpg
Achyranthes japonica nymap.svg

USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Subfamily Gomphrenoideae[edit]

The Gomphrenoideae ...

Genus Alternanthera[edit]

fam. Amaranthaceae – subfam. Gomphrenoideae – genus Alternanthera
Alternanthera Joyweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Kunth

1753. Achyranthes repens L.
1817. Alternanthera pungens Kunth
1821. Alternanthera repens (L.) Link
   non J.F.Gmel.

1915. Achyranthes leiantha (Seub.) Standl.
Khakiweed,
Khaki joyweed
Introduced,
Imperistent,
No specimens
Starr 020122-0065 Alternanthera pungens.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp

Genus Froelichia[edit]

Froelichia gracilis (slender snakecotton) is commonly found growing in the disturbed sandy soils around railroads.

fam. Amaranthaceae – subfam. Gomphrenoideae – genus Froelichia
Froelichia Snakecotton N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Hook.) Moq.

1840. Oplotheca gracilis Hook.
1849. Oplotheca texana A.Braun
1849. Froelichia gracilis (Hook.) Moq.
1903. F. texana A.Braun ex Small illeg.
1917. F. braunii Standl.
Slender cottonweed,
Slender cotton-weed,
Slender snakecotton,
Slender snake-cotton
Introduced from
 sw North America,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 53%[1]
Froelichia gracilis 5450370.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp

Genus Gomphrena[edit]

fam. Amaranthaceae – subfam. Gomphrenoideae – genus Gomphrena
Gomphrena Globe-amaranth N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Gomphrena globosa L.
    
    
Globe-amaranth,
Common globe amaranth,
Bachelor's-button
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Cultivated
Starr 070906-8665 Gomphrena globosa.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 Gill. ex Moq.

1849. Gomphrena martiana Gill. ex Moq.
    
    
Globe amaranth Introduced,
Impersistent
Flower 47.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp

Subfamily Polycnemoideae[edit]

The Polycnemoideae ... NYFA includes Polycnemum in the Chenopodiaceae.

Genus Polycnemum[edit]

fam. Amaranthaceae – subfam. Polycnemoideae – genus Polycnemum
Polycnemum Needleleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
A.Braun ex Bogenh.

1841. Polycnemum majus A.Braun
     Polycnemum arvense
   var.
simplex Wallr.
     Polycnemum arvense
   ssp.
majus Briq.
Giant needleleaf,
Giant needle-leaf

Grand polycnème
Introduced from
 Europe,
 Turkey,
Impersistent

Annual,
Herb-forb
Polycnemum majus EP-1893.png
Polycnemum majus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 
IPN 
Images, wsp

Subfamily Salicornioideae[edit]

The Salicornioideae ...

Tribe Salicornieae[edit]

Genus Salicornia[edit]
fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Salicornioideae – genus Salicornia
Salicornia Glasswort,
Pickleweed
N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Standl.

1753. Salicornia virginica L. p.p.
1907. Salicornia europaea
   var.
pachystachya (W.D.J.Koch) Fernald
1916. Salicornia depressa Standl.
1947. Salicornia europaea
   var.
simplex (Pursh) Fernald
auct.. Salicornia europaeanon L.
Glasswort,
Virginia glasswort,
American glasswort,
Low glasswort,
Saltwort

Salicorne de Virginie
Native,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Subshrub
Salicornia depressa WFNY-049B.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Torr.

1858. Salicornia bigelovi Torr.
auct. Salicornia mucronata non Lag.
Dwarf saltwort,
Dwarf glasswort
Native,
Threatened
Salicorniabigelovii.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2-3
USDA-





Images, wsp
Genus Sarcocornia[edit]
fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Salicornioideae – genus Sarcocornia
Sarcocornia Swampfire N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Samphire,
Chicken claws,
Glasswort,
Saltwort
Native,
Likely secure
Sarcocornia pacificaP5458.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4





Images, wsp

Subfamily Camphorosmoideae[edit]

The Camphorosmoideae

Tribe Suaedeae[edit]

fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Camphorosmoideae – tribe Suaedeae
SuaedaForssk. ex J.F. Gmel. 1776 Seepweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (Hook.) Moq.

1838. Chenopodium calceoliforme Hook.
1840. Suaeda calceoliformis Moq.
1874. Suaeda depressa var. erecta S.Watson
1907. Suaeda americana (Pers.) Fernald
1909. Suaeda erecta A.Nelson
1912. Dondia calceoliformis Rydb.
Horned sea-blite,
Pursh seepweed,
Pursh’s seepweed,
American sea-blite,
Broom seepweed

Suéda couché
Native,
Likely secure
Suaeda calceoliformis (7989781130).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Elliott) Moq.

1817. Salsola linearis Elliott
1840. Suaeda linearis Moq.
1849. Chenopodina linearis Moq.
1898. Dondia linearis A.Heller
Annual seepweed,
Narrow-leaf sea-blite,
Southern sea-blite
Native,
Endangered
Suaeda linearis BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-X0
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Bassett & Crompton

1978. Suaeda rolandii Bassett & Crompton
Roland's sea-blite

Suéda de Roland
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
Can
ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 (L.) Dumort.

1753. Chenopodium maritimum L.
1827. Suaeda maritima Dumort.
Herbaceous seepweed,
White sea-blite

Suéda maritime
Introduced from
 North Atlantic coast,
N. America native
Suaeda maritima 02 by Line1.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngSuaeda maritima - Flora Batava V5-388.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-MN
NEW Can

FNA 


Images, wsp

Tribe Camphorosmeae[edit]

The genus Bassia here includes Kochia scoparia. The Kochia genus was merged into Bassia by A. J. Scott in 1978. Although that merger was not widely accepted as a whole, Kochia scoparia subsp. scoparia has been shown to be embedded within a clade with Bassia hyssopifolia, making the Bassia scoparia name more appropriate for that particular taxon. The same study showed Bassia hirsuta to be in a separate clade, and the new monotypic genus Spirobassia was coined to contain that species.[1]

fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Camphorosmoideae – tribe Camphorosmeae
BassiaAll. Smotherweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Schrad.

1753. Chenopodium scoparium L.
1809. Kochia scoparia Schrad.
1809. Kochia scoparia ssp. scoparia
1908. Kochia alata Bates
1978. Bassia scoparia A.J.Scott
Summer-cypress,
Burningbush,
Common kochia,
Mexican fireweed,
Red belvedere

Kochia à balais
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 69%[2]
Kochia scoparia (4050283834).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Pall.) Kuntze

1771. Salsola hyssopifolia Pall.
1802. Kochia hyssopifolia Roth
1804. Suaeda hyssopifolia Pall.
1840. Echinopsilon hyssopifolium Moq.
1891. Bassia hyssopifolia Kuntze
Fivehorn smotherweed,
Five-horned smother-weed,
Five-hooked bassia

Bassia à feuilles d'hysope
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive
Starr 050517-1444 Bassia hyssopifolia.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
SpirobassiaFreitag & G.Kadereit Contorted smotherweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Freitag & G.Kadereit

1753. Chenopodium hirsutum L.
1834. Echinopsilon hirsutum Moq.
1867. Bassia hirsuta Asch.
2011. Spirobassia hirsuta Freitag & al.
Hairy smother-weed Introduced
Spirobassia hirsuta - Flora Batava V5-351.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 

FNA 


Images, wsp

Subfamily Salsoloideae[edit]

The Salsoloideae ...

Tribe Salsoleae[edit]

In 2007, Hossein Akhani et al. transferred a number of Old World Salsola species to the resurected genus Kali Mill. (1754).[1] As of 2014, the North American sources used here had not chosen to abide by this transferal (though Wikipedia, Wikispecies, and Wikimedia Commons had made the change several years earlier).

fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Salsoloideae – tribe Salsoleae
SalsolaL. 1753 Russian thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.
ssp. kali

1753. Salsola kali L.
1827. Salsola turgida Dumort
2011. Kali turgida (Dumort) Guterm.[2]
Russian thistle,
Common saltwort,
Salt-bush
Introduced from
 Europe
Salsola kali flowers.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. pontica (Pall.) Mosyakin

1803. Salsola kali var. pontica Pall.
1936. Salsola pontica Iliin
1996. Salsola kali ssp. pontica Mosyakin
1999. Salsola tragus ssp. pontica Rilke
2010. Kali pontica (Pall.) Sukhor.[3]
Russian thistle,
Prickly Russian thistle
Introduced,
No sepecimens
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X0
USDA-X0
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Pall.

1803. Salsola collina Pall.
1913. Salsola chinensis Gand.
1974. Salsola kali ssp. collina (i)
2007. Kali collina Akhani & E.H.Roalson[1]
Slender Russian thistle,
Tumbleweed
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L..

1756. Salsola tragus L.
1771. Kali tragus (L.) Scop.
1881. Salsola kali ssp. tragus Nyman
1908. Salsola kali ssp. iberica (i)
Russian thistle,
Tumbleweed,
Prickly Russian thistle

Soude roulante,
Chardon de Russie,
Soude de Ruthénie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
Salsolatragus.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp

Subfamily Corispermoideae[edit]

The Corispermoideae ...

fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Corispermoideae
Corispermum Bugseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Nutt.) Nutt.
var. americanum

1753. C. hyssopifoliumauct. non L.
1786. C. orientaleauct. non Lam.
1818. C. hyssopifolium var. americanum Nutt.
1834. C. americanum Nutt.
1903. C. marginale Rydb
1910. C. simplicissimum Lunell
American bugseed

Corisperme à feuilles d'hysope
Introduced,
N. America native
Corispermum hyssopifolium - Flora Batava.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Steven

1753. C. hyssopifoliumauct. non L.
1817. C. pallasii Steven
1898. C. hyssopifolium var. leptopterum Asch.
1929. C. leptopterum (Asch.) Iljin
1929. C. sibiricum Iljin
Pallas bugseed,
Siberian bugseed

Corisperme à fruit ailé
Introduced,
N. America native
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XN
Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Kit. ex Schult.

1814. Corispermum nitidum Kit.
Shiny bugseed,
Slender bugseed
Introduced from
 Europe
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-Excluded

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Subfamily Chenopodioideae[edit]

The tribal organization used here for the Chenopodioideae is from Kadereit et. al. (2010).[1]

Tribe Axyrideae[edit]

fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Chenopodioideae – tribe Axyrideae
Axyris Russian-pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Axyris amaranthoides L.
Russian-pigweed,
Upright axyris

Ansérine de Russie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive
Axyris amaranthoides - Norman Criddle 1906.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngAxyris amaranthoides BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. Gudrun Kadereit, Evgeny V. Mavrodiev, Elizabeth H. Zacharias, Alexander P. Sukhorukov (2010). Molecular phylogeny of Atripliceae (Chenopodioideae, Chenopodiaceae): Implications for systematics, biogeography, flower and fruit evolution, and the origin of C4 photosynthesis. American Journal of Botany 97(10): 1664–1687.

Tribe Dysphanieae[edit]

fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Chenopodioideae – tribe Dysphanieae
Dysphania Glandular-goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
(L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

1753. Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
1985. Teloxys ambrosioides W.A.Weber
2002. Dysphania ambrosioides (i)
Mexican-tea,
Worm-seed
Introduced
Starr 050816-3669 Chenopodium ambrosioides.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
(L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

1753. Chenopodium anthelminticum L.
1867. C. ambrosioides var. anthelminticum (i)
2002. Dysphania anthelmintica
Wormseed Introduced
Chenopodium anthelminticum Ypey60.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
Jerusalem-oak,
Feather-geranium
Introduced
Chenopodium botrys — Flora Batava — Volume v18.jpg
Nymap.svg

NEW 




Images, wsp
Fetid goosefoot,
Fetid glandular-goosefoot
Introduced from
 Southwest
Nymap.svg

NEW 




Images, wsp
Cut-leaved goosefoot Introduced
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Clammy goosefoot,
Ridged goosefoot,
Small crumbweed
Introduced
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Teloxys Wormseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Moq.

1753. Chenopodium aristatum L.
1834. Teloxys aristata Moq.
2002. Dysphania aristata
Pigweed,
Wormseed
Introduced,
Impersistent
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Cycloloma Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Spreng.) J.M.Coult.

1801. Salsola atriplicifolia Spreng.
1894. Cycloloma atriplicifolium J.M.Coult.
Winged pigweed,
Tumbling-ringwing
Introduced
Cycloloma atriplicifolium NRCS-2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp

Tribe Anserineae[edit]

Anserineae Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 20. 1827. = Spinacieae Moq., Chenop. Monogr. Enum.: 5, 48. 1840.[1]

fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Chenopodioideae – tribe Anserineae
BlitumL. 1753 Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 Schult.

1822. Blitum nuttallianum Schult.
1891. Monolepis nuttalliana Greene
Poverty-weed,
Nuttall's poverty-weed

Ansérine hastée
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Monolepis nuttalliana (6228860038).jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. capitatum

1753. Blitum capitatum L.
1753. Blitum capitatum ssp. capitatum[2]
1857. Chenopodium capitatum Ambrosi p.p.
1857. Chenopodium capitatum var. capitatum
Strawberry goosefoot,
Strawberry-blight,
Indian-paint, Indian ink,
Blite goosefoot,
Strawberry-spinach

Chénopode capité
Introduced,
N. America native
Chenopodium capitatum Strawberry Blite 2048px.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 (L.) C.A.Mey.

1753. Chenopodium bonus-henricus L.
1766. Atriplex bonus-henricus Crantz
1827. Anserina bonus-henricus Dumort.
1829. Blitum bonus-henricus C.A.Mey.
1834. Agathophytum bonus-henricus Moq.
Good King Henry,
Allgood, Fat-hen,
Perennial goosefoot,
Wild spinach

Chénopode Bon-Henri,
Ansérine bon-henri,
Bon-Henri
Introduced from
 Europe
Chenopodium bonus-henricus Orjen.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Blitum virgatum L.
1794. Morocarpus foliosus Moench
1815. Chenopodium virgatum Thunb.
1864. Chenopodium foliosum Asch.
Leafy goosefoot Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
Chenopodium capitatum (Chenopodiaceae) berries.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
SpinaciaL. 1753 Spinach N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Spinacia oleracea L.
1753. Spinacea oleracea L. orth. var.
Spinach

Épinard
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
Spinacia oleracea (Breedblad scherpzaad) in Italy.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Tribe Chenopodieae[edit]

Fuentes-Bazan et al. (2012)[1] moved a number of species out of Chenopodium to make it monophyletic, calling one of the new segregate genera Chenopodiastrum. The genera that were phylogenically between the Chenopodium and Chenopodiastrum clades were already in the tribe Atripliceae, so they placed Chenopodium and the new Chenopodiastrum in Atripliceae, even though the original Atripliceae would then be surrounded by and outnumbered by the former members of the Chenopodieae. But ARS-GRIN, though recognizing the new Chenopodiastrum, places all of these genera in Chenopodieae and calls Atripliceae a synonym.[2] That's the convention used here for this tribe.

Genus Lipandra[edit]
fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Chenopodioideae – tribe Chenopodieae – genus Lipandra
LipandraMoq. 1840 Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch
var. polysperma

1753. Chenopodium polyspermum L.
2012. Lipandra polysperma S.Fuentes et al.
Manyseed goosefoot,
Many-seeded goosefoot

Chénopode polysperme,
Chénopode à
  nombreuses graines
Introduced,
Impersistent
Chenopodium polyspermum close up 1 AB.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

IPN 
Images, wsp
(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch
var. acutifolia Mosyakin

1805. Chenopodium acutifolium Sm.
1828. C. polyspermum var. acutifolium Gaudin
2013. L. polysperma var. acutifolia Mosyakin
Many-seeded goosefoot,
Acute-leaved goosefoot

Chénopode à feuilles aiguës
Introduced,
Impersistent
Chenopodium polyspermum 2005.08.21 15.19.27-p8210052.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 

IPN 
Images, wsp
  1. Susy Fuentes-Bazan, Pertti Uotila, Thomas Borsch (2012) "A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae)". Willdenowia - Annals of the Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem, 42(1}, 21 June 2012 , pp. 5-24(20).
  2. Family: Chenopodiaceae Vent., nom. cons. - subfam. Chenopodioideae - tribe Chenopodieae USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Genus Oxybasis[edit]
fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Chenopodioideae – tribe Chenopodieae – genus Oxybasis
OxybasisKar. & Kir. 1841 Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch
var. rubra

1753. Chenopodium rubrum var. rubrum
2012. Oxybasis rubra var. rubra[1]
Red pigweed,
Red goosefoot,
Coast-blite goosefoot

Chénopode rouge,
Ansérine rouge
Native,
Threatened
Chenopodium rubrum eF.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngRode ganzenvoet bloeiwijze (Chenopodium rubrum).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can




Images, wsp
 (L.) S.Fuentes et al.
var. humilis (Hook.) Mosyakin

1838. Chenopodium humile Hook.
1880. C. rubrum var. humile S.Watson
1971. C. rubrum ssp. humile Hultén
2013. O. rubra var. humilis Mosyakin
Coast-blite goosefoot,
Marshland goosefoot
Introduced from
 western N. America,
Canada native
Rode ganzenvoet (Chenopodium rubrum) bloeiwijze.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngRode ganzenvoet (Chenopodium rubrum) plant.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) S.Fuentes et al.
ssp. glauca

1753. Chenopodium glaucum var. glaucum
2012. Oxybasis glauca var. glauca[1]
Oak-leaved goosefoot Introduced,
N. America native
Chenopodium glaucum Elbe.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch

1771. Blitum chenopodioides L.
1933. Chenopodium chenopodioides (i)
2012. Oxybasis chenopodioides (i)
Low goosefoot,
Saltmarsh goosefoot

Chénopode à feuilles
 grasses
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
 western N. America
Chenopodium chenopodioides sl5.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Can
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
Genus Chenopodiastrum[edit]
fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Chenopodioideae – tribe Chenopodieae – genus Chenopodiastrum
ChenopodiastrumS.Fuentes et al. 2012 Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
(Torr.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch

1827. Chenopodium hybridum var. simplex Torr.
1832. Chenopodium simplex Raf.
1929. Chenopodium gigantospermum Aellen
2012. Chenopodiastrum simplex S.Fuentes &al.
Giant-seeded goosefoot,
Maple-leaved goosefoot
Native,
Secure
Chenopodiastrum simplex BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 


Images, wsp
(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch

1753. Chenopodium murale L.
2012. Chenopodiastrum murale S.Fuentes &al.
Nettle-leaved goosefoot,
Australian-spinach
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
Chenopodium murale (La Fajana) 02 ies.jpg
Nymap.svg

NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
Genus Atriplex[edit]
fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Chenopodioideae – tribe Atripliceae – genus Atriplex
AtriplexL. 1753 Saltbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 Humb. & Bonpl.
ex Willd. (1806)

A. arenaria Nutt.
A. littoralis (Jacq.) Fawc. & Rendle
A. pentandra (Jacq.) Standl.
Crested saltbush Native,
Vulnerable
Atriplex cristata BB-1913.png
Atriplex cristata nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-N0
NEW 




Images, wsp
Raf.
non (Nutt.) J.F.Macbr. (1918) nom. illeg.

1817. Atriplex dioica Raf.
1818. Chenopodium subspicatum Nutt.
1874. A. patula var. subspicata S.Watson
1906. Atriplex subspicata Rydb.
Saline saltbush,
Thickleaf orach,
Thick-leaved orach
Native,
Endangered
Atriplex dioica nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

IPN 
Images, wsp
 Edmondston

1845. Atriplex glabriuscula Edmondston
1923. Atriplex patula ssp. glabriuscula (i)
Northeastern saltbush,
Glabrous orach,
Seaside orach,
Scotland Orache,
Bracted orache

Arroche glabriuscule
Native,
Endangered,
Note:[1]
Atriplex glabriuscula cayeux-sur-mer 80 17092006 1.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngAtriplex glabriuscula cayeux-sur-mer 80 17092006 2.JPG
Atriplex glabriuscula nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Atriplex patula L.
1753. Atriplex litoralis L.
1804. Atriplex angustifolia Sm.
1872. Teutliopsis patula Čelak.
1902. A. hastata ssp. patula E.Pons
1904. A. hastata var. patula Farw.
1923. A. patula ssp. typica H.M.Hall & Clem.
Halberd-leaved saltbush,
Spear orach,
Spearscale

Arroche étalée,
Arroche des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
Atriplex patula (5129938302).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

IPN 
Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Atriplex hortensis L.
1753. Atriplex hortensis var. rubra L.
1803. Atriplex nitens Schkuhr
Garden orache,
Garden saltbush,
French spinach,
Mountain-spinach

Arroche des jardins,
Arroche rouge des jardins,
Bonne-dame
Introduced from
 southern Europe?
Atriplex hortensis cleaned Sturm.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngAtriplexhortensis1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Frosted orache,
Belgian orach
Introduced
Atriplex laciniata — Flora Batava — Volume v4.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Creeping saltbush,
Fat-hen,
Thin-leaved orach,
Hastate-leaved orache
Introduced
Atriplex prostrata frucht.jpeg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Tumbling orach,
Tumbling saltweed
Introduced
Atriplex rosea Sturm30.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngIllustration Atriplex rosea0 clean.JPG
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Tartarian saltbush Introduced
Polyommatus coridon on Atriplex tatarica.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
    
Grassleaf orache Introduced,
No specimens
Atriplex littoralis frucht.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. NYFA is not certain of which of the three varieies of Atriplex glabriuscula is/are found in New York. This may place the status in question.
Genus Chenopodium[edit]

The native and naturalized Chenopodium (gooosefoot) species found in New York are all members of subgenus Chenopodium, section Chenopodium, as described in Flora of North America North of Mexico.[1]

fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Chenopodioideae – tribe Chenopodieae – genus Chenopodium
Chenopodiumsubsect. Favosa Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 Moq.
var. bushianum (Aellen) Cronquist

1929. Chenopodium bushianum Aellen
????. C. berlandieri var. acutidentatum Aellen
1991. C. berlandieri var. bushianum Cronquist
 auct. C. paganum non Reichenb.
Bush's goosefoot,
Bush's pigweed
Native,
Secure
Chenopodium berlandieri (3767483349) (2).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

IPN 
Images, wsp
Moq.
var. boscianum Wahl

1840. Chenopodium boscianum Moq
1954. C. berlandieri var. boscianum Wahl
Pitseed goosefoot,
Pit-seeded goosefoot
Native,
Endangered
Chenopodium berlandieri var boscianum BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngChenopodium berlandieri (5132507791).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Moq.
var. macrocalycium Cronquist

C. macrocalycium Aellen
Pitseed goosefoot,
Pit-seeded goosefoot,
Large-calyx Goosefoot
Native,
Endangered
Chenopodium berlandieri (5201614573).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NX





Images, wsp
 Standl.

1916. Chenopodium neomexicanum Standl.
1916. Chenopodium arizonicum Standl.
1916. Chenopodium palmeri Standl.
New Mexico goosefoot Introduced,
US West native
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N

ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE 

Images, wsp
Chenopodiumsubsect. Standleyana Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 Aellen
Standley's goosefoot Native,
Threatened
Chenopodium standleyanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1-3
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Chenopodiumsubsect. Chenopodium Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24
 L.

1753. Chenopodium album L.
1820. C. browneanum Roem. & Schult.
1825. C. giganteum D. Don
Lambs-quarters,
White goosefoot,
Pigweed

Ansérine blanche
Introduced,
N. America native
ChenopodiumAlbum001.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-MM

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Schrad. ex W.D.J.Koch & Ziz

1775. Chenopodium triangulare Forssk.
1814. Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad.
1962. C. album ssp. opulifolium Maire
Seaport goosefoot,
Grey goosefoot
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Africa
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

    
    
    
    
Goosefoot Introduced
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

    
    
    
    
Stinking goosefoot Introduced
Chenopodium vulvaria - Woodville.jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Chenopodiumsubsect. Leptophylla Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24

    
    
    
    
Aridland goosefoot,
Narrow-leaved goosefoot
Introduced
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

    
    
    
    
Desert goosefoot,
Narrow-leaved goosefoot
Introduced,
Western native
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Chenopodiumsubsect. Fremontia Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24

    
    
    
    
Fremont's goosefoot Introduced,
Western native
Budd's flora of the Canadian Prairie Provinces (1987) (20232160418).jpg
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
Chenopodiumsubsect. Urbica Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 24

    
    
    
    
City goosefoot Introduced
Chenopodium urbicum Sturm26.JPG
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

Subfamily Betoideae[edit]

The Betoideae

fam. Chenopodiaceae – subfam. Betoideae
Beta Beet N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Beta vulgaris L.
1762. Beta maritima L.
1882. Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima Arcang.
Beet,
Common beet

Betterave
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
Beta Vulgaris aout 2012.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Family Aizoaceae[edit]

The Aizoaceae (the fig-marigold family or ice plant family) ...

Subfamily Tetragonioideae[edit]

fam. Aizoaceae – subfam. Tetragonioideae
Tetragonia Tetragonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Pallas) Kuntze
New Zealand spinach Introduced,
Impersistent
Starr 050222-4149 Tetragonia tetragonioides.jpg
Tetragonia tetragonioides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Subfamily Sesuvioideae[edit]

fam. Aizoaceae – subfam. Sesuvioideae
Sesuvium Sea purslane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Walter)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Slender sea-purslane,
Puerto Rico sea-purslane
Native,
Endangered
Sesuvium maritimum drawing 01.png
Sesuvium maritimum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Family Nyctaginaceae[edit]

The Nyctaginaceae (four-o'clock family)

Tribe Nyctagineae[edit]

fam. Nyctaginaceae – tribe Nyctagineae
Mirabilis Four-o'clock N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(Pursh) MacMill. (1893)
Hairy four-o'clock,
Hairy umbrella-wort
Introduced,
N. America native
Botanical and vegetation survey of Carter County, Montana, Bureau of Land Management-administered lands (1998) (20206300854).jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Four-o'clock,
Marvel-of-Peru
Introduced
4 o' clock plant.JPG






Images, wsp
Narrow-leaved four o'clock Introduced
Mirabilis linearis NPS-1.jpg






Images, wsp
Wild four-o'clock Introduced
Mirabilis nyctaginea NPS-1.jpg






Images, wsp

Family Phytolaccaceae[edit]

The Phytolaccaceae (pokeweed family)... [1]

Genus Phytolacca[edit]

fam. Phytolaccaceae – genus Phytolacca
Phytolacca Pokeweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
var. americana

1753. Phytolacca americana L.
1762. Phytolacca decandra L.
American pokeweed,
Inkberry,
Pigeonberry,
Pokeberry,
Virginia poke

Raisin d'Amérique
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Phytolacca americana a1.jpg
Phytolacca americana var americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
  1. Phytolaccaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Molluginaceae[edit]

The Molluginaceae (family) ... [f 1]

fam. Molluginaceae
Mollugo Carpetweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)
Carpet-weed,
Green carpetweed,
Indian chickweed,
Mollugo verticillé
Introduced,
N. America native
Mollugo verticillata.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-NX


FNA 


Images, wsp

Family Montiaceae[edit]

The Montiaceae Raf. (1820) was adoped by APG III (2009) to house a number of genera sgregated from the Portulacaceae, including the New York spring ephemeral, Claytonia.

Genus Claytonia[edit]

fam. Montiaceae – genus Claytonia
Claytonia Spring beauty N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Michx.

1803. Claytonia caroliniana Michx.
1807. Claytonia spathulifolia Salisb.
1966. C. caroliniana var. spathulifolia W.H.Lewis
1975. C. caroliniana var. lewisii McNeill
Carolina springbeauty,
Carolina spring-beauty,
Wide-leaved spring beauty

Claytonie de Caroline,
Claytonie feuille-large
Native,
Secure
Claytonia caroliniana, St Joseph Island.JPG
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. virginica

1753. Claytonia virginica L.
1931. Claytonia robusta (Somes) Rydb.
1831. Claytonia media (DC.) Link
1992. C. virginica var. hammondiae J.J.Doyle &al.
Eastern spring beauty,
Virginia springbeauty,
Narrow-leaf spring-beauty,
Narrow-leaved spring beauty

Claytonie de Virginie,
Claytonie feuille-étroite
Native,
Secure
Claytonia virginica 1 Radnor Lake.jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Family Portulacaceae[edit]

The Portulacaceae (purslane family)...[1]

fam. Portulacaceae
Portulaca Purslane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Common purslane,
Little hogweed
Introduced,
Canada native
Starr 080602-5375 Portulaca oleracea.jpg
NYFA-
USDA-XN





Images, wsp
 Hook.
Moss-rose,
Rose moss,
Rose-moss-of-garden
Introduced
Portulaca grandiflora in Sedovo 002.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp
  1. Portulacaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Cactaceae[edit]

The Cactaceae (cactus family) has just one taxon native to New York. The eastern prickly-pear is found only in the southeastern part of the state and is limited to rocky and sandy areas.[f 2]

Subfamily Opuntioideae[edit]

Tribe Opuntieae[edit]

fam. Cactaceae – subfam. Opuntioideae – tribe Opuntieae
Opuntia Pricklypear N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Raf.) Raf. (1830)
var. humifusa
Eastern prickly-pear Native,
Likely secure
Eastern prickly pear fruit.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp

References[edit]

  1. Molluginaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  2. Cactaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.