Flora of New York/Caryophyllales 3

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Caryophyllales 2:
Caryophyllaceae
Flora of New York — Caryophyllales 3:
Amaranthaceae, Aizoaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Molluginaceae, Montiaceae, Portulacaceae, Cactaceae

Cornales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Amaranthaceae[edit | edit source]

The Amaranthaceae (amaranthus family)

Subfamily Amaranthoideae[edit | edit source]

The Amaranthoideae

Amaranthus[edit | edit source]

Amaranthus subg. Acnida[edit | edit source]

Subgenus Acnida contains the dioecious Amaranthus species.

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Amaranthoideae — Amaranthus subg. Acnida
Genus Amaranthussubg. Acnida Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Sauer

1753. Acnida cannabina L.
    
1955. Amaranthus cannabinus
(L.) Sauer
Waterhemp pigweed,
Tidal marsh amaranth
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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(Moq.) J.D.Sauer

1849. Acnida tuberculata Moq.
1955. Amaranthus tuberculatus
(Moq.) J.D.Sauer
1972. Amaranthus rudis J.D.Sauer
Rough-fruited water-hemp,
Tall water-hemp,
Rough-fruited amaranth
Native, CoC: 1,
Likely secure

OBL-FACW

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 4

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Amaranthus subg. Amaranthus[edit | edit source]
Amaranthus retroflexus
Subgenus Amaranthus contains monoecious species.[1]

This subgenus has flowers in both terminal and axillary spikes or panicles.


Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Amaranthoideae — Amaranthus subg. Amaranthus
Genus Amaranthussubg. Amaranthus Amaranth N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Amaranthus retroflexus L.
Red-rooted amaranth ...
Common amaranth
Redroot amaranth
Redroot pigweed
Rough pigweed
Wild-beet amaranth
Native, CoC: 0,
Secure,
NE-3[1],
S5

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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 L.
ssp. hybridus

Green amaranth,
Green pigweed,
Smooth pigweed,
Smooth amaranth,
Hybrid amaranth,
Slim amaranth
Native, CoC: 0,
Unranked,
NE-3[1],
SNR, G5?

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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 S. Watson
ssp. powellii

Powell’s amaranth,
Green amaranth,
Powell’s smooth amaranth
Introduced from
 southwest,
 South America,
N. America native,
Naturalized,
SNA, G5

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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 L.

Love-lies-bleeding,
Purple amaranth,
Foxtail amaranth
Introduced,
Unknown naturalization,
SNA, GNR

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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 L.

    Amaranthus cruentus L.
    A. hybridus cruentus
    A. paniculatus
Blood amaranth,
Purple amaranth,
Caterpillar amaranth
Introduced,
Naturalized,
SNA, GNR

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
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L.

1753. Amaranthus hypochondriacus L.
Prince-of-Wales feather,
Prince’s feather,
Prince’s-feather amaranth
Introduced,
Unknown naturalization,
SNA, GNR

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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 L.

1753. Amaranthus spinosus L.
    
    
Spiny amaranth,
Thorny amaranth,
Carelessweed
Introduced from
 neotropics,
Naturalized,
SNA

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xn

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  1. a b Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Amaranthus subg. Albersia[edit | edit source]
Amaranthus pumilus

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Amaranthoideae — Amaranthus subg. Albersia
Genus Amaranthussubg. Albersia Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Raf.

Seabeach amaranth ...
Coast amaranth ...
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened,
S2, G2,
NYNHP: 1[1]

FACW

Annual,
Herb-forb
Kings (1876-1877),
Nassau (1902-1998),
Queens (1888-1995), Suffolk (1873-1992)
NYFA: 2

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 L.

1759. Amaranthus albus L.
1894. A. graecizansvar. pubescens
Uline & W.L.Bray
1912. Amaranthus pubescens Rydb.
1945. A. albusvar. pubescens Fernald
 auctAmaranthus graecizans non L.
Prostrate pigweed,
Tumble pigweed,
Tumbleweed,
White amaranth
Introduced from
 tropical America,
Naturalized,
SNA

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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 S.Watson

1877. Amaranthus blitoides S.Watson
 auctAmaranthus graecizans non L.
Prostrate pigweed,
Prostrate amaranth,
Matweed,
Matweed amaranth
Introduced from
 NA Southwest

NYFA: X

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 S.Watson

1877. Amaranthus palmeri S.Watson
Carelessweed,
Palmer’s amaranth
Introduced from
 NA Southwest,
Potentially invasive

NYFA: X

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 L.

1753. Amaranthus blitum L.
Purple amaranth,
Livid amaranth
Amarante livide
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Africa

NYFA: X

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(Lesp. & Thev.) N. Terracc.

Crispleaf amaranth,
Crisp-leaved amaranth
Introduced

NYFA: X

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 L.

Low amaranth,
Large-fruited amaranth
Introduced,
Impersistent

NYFA: X

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Slender amaranth,
Tropical green amaranth,
Green amaranth
Introduced,
N. America native,
Not naturalized

NYFA: Xm

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Celosia[edit | edit source]

Celosia
Celosia species are commonly known as cockscombs or woolflowers. Neither of the two species listed are know to naturalize in New York State. Celosia cristata (fasciated cockscomb) is also treated as a variety of Celosia argentea (silver cockscomb).
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Amaranthoideae — Celosia
Genus Celosia Cockscomb N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Celosia argentea L.
Silver cockscomb ...

Introduced from
 tropical Africa,
Not naturalized

UPL-FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
Steuben (1924)
NYFA: Xm

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L.

1753. Celosia cristata L.
1891. Celosia argentea  var. cristata  (L.) Kuntze
1934. Celosia argentea  f. cristata  (L.) Schinz
Fasciated cockscomb ...
Crested cock's-comb ...

Introduced from
 Caribbean,
Not naturalized,
SNA
Tompkins (1933)
NYFA: Xm

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Subfamily Achyranthoideae[edit | edit source]

The Achyranthoideae

Achyranthes[edit | edit source]

Achyranthes bidentata
The Japanese chaff flower, Achyranthes japonica, has been found to be quite invasive where it has naturalized in Kentucky and surrounding states.[1] Although it has not been found to have naturalized in New York, Japanese chaff flower has been placed on the DEC's list of prohibited plants.[2]

As of 2021, Achyranthes bidentata has been observed in Ontario Provincial Parks on two islands in western Lake Erie and in southern Ohio.[3]


Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Amaranthoideae — Achyranthes
Genus AchyranthesL. Chaff flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Miq.) Nakai

1865. A. bidentatavar. japonica Miq.
1920. Achyranthes japonica (Miq.) Nakai
Japanese chaff flower Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS: 71%[1],
Prohibited[2]

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Subfamily Gomphrenoideae[edit | edit source]

The Gomphrenoideae ...

Alternanthera[edit | edit source]

Alternanthera pungens

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Gomphrenoideae — Alternanthera
Genus Alternanthera Joyweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Kunth

1753. Achyranthes repens L.
1817. Alternanthera pungens Kunth
1821. Alternanthera repens (L.) Link
non J.F.Gmel.
1915. Achyranthes leiantha (Seub.) Standl.
Khakiweed,
Khaki joyweed
Introduced,
Imperistent,
No specimens

NYFA: X

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(Mart.) Griseb.

1825. Bucholzia philoxeroides Mart.
1879. Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.
Alligatorweed ...
Alligator-weed ...

Introduced from
 South America,
Highly invasive,
NYS Tier 1b
NYFA: 0 counties
iNat

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Froelichia[edit | edit source]

Froelichia gracilis
Froelichia gracilis (slender snakecotton) is commonly found growing in the disturbed sandy soils around railroads.
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Gomphrenoideae — Froelichia
Genus Froelichia Snakecotton N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Hook.) Moq.

1840. Oplotheca gracilis Hook.
1849. Oplotheca texana A.Braun
1849. Froelichia gracilis (Hook.) Moq.
1903. F. texana A.Braun ex Small illeg.
1917. F. braunii Standl.
Slender cottonweed,
Slender cotton-weed,
Slender snakecotton,
Slender snake-cotton
Introduced from
 sw North America,
Moderately invasive,
 NYIS: 53%[1]
Erie, Kings, Monroe, Nassau, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Suffolk
NYFA: X

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Gomphrena[edit | edit source]

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Gomphrenoideae — Gomphrena
Genus Gomphrena Globe-amaranth N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Gomphrena globosa L.
    
    
Globe-amaranth,
Common globe amaranth,
Bachelor's-button
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Cultivated

NYFA: Xm

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 Gill. ex Moq.

1849. Gomphrena martiana Gill. ex Moq.
    
    
Globe amaranth Introduced,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

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Subfamily Polycnemoideae[edit | edit source]

The Polycnemoideae ... NYFA includes Polycnemum in the Chenopodiaceae.

Polycnemum[edit | edit source]

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Polycnemoideae — Polycnemum
Genus Polycnemum Needleleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
A.Braun ex Bogenh.

1841. Polycnemum majus A.Braun
    Polycnemum arvense
var. simplex Wallr.
    Polycnemum arvense
ssp. majus Briq.
Giant needleleaf,
Giant needle-leaf
Grand polycnème
Introduced from
 Europe,
 Turkey,
Impersistent

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xm

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Subfamily Salicornioideae[edit | edit source]

The Salicornioideae ...

Tribe Salicornieae[edit | edit source]

Salicornia[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Salicornioideae — Salicornia
Genus Salicornia Glasswort,
Pickleweed
N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Standl.

1753. Salicornia virginica L. p.p.
1907. Salicornia europaea
var. pachystachya (W.D.J.Koch) Fernald
1916. Salicornia depressa Standl.
1947. Salicornia europaea
var. simplex (Pursh) Fernald
auct.. Salicornia europaeanon L.
Glasswort,
Virginia glasswort,
American glasswort,
Low glasswort,
Saltwort
Salicorne de Virginie
Native,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Subshrub

NYFA: 5

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Michx.

    Salicornia ambigua
    Salicornia perennisin…
    Salicornia virginicain…
    Sarcocornia pacificain…
Perennial glasswort ...

Native, CoC: 8,
Likely secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: N4

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 Torr.

1858. Salicornia bigelovi Torr.
 auct. Salicornia mucronata non Lag.
Dwarf saltwort,
Dwarf glasswort
Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 2-3

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Sarcocornia[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Salicornioideae — Sarcocornia
Genus Sarcocornia Swampfire N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Samphire,
Chicken claws,
Glasswort,
Saltwort
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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Subfamily Camphorosmoideae[edit | edit source]

The Camphorosmoideae

Tribe Suaedeae[edit | edit source]

Suaeda[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Camphorosmoideae — Suaedeae — Suaeda
Genus SuaedaForssk. ex J.F. Gmel. 1776 Seepweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Hook.) Moq.

1838. Chenopodium calceoliforme
Hook.
1840. Suaeda calceoliformis Moq.
1874. Suaeda depressavar. erecta
1907. Suaeda americana
(Pers.) Fernald
1909. Suaeda erecta A.Nelson
1912. Dondia calceoliformis Rydb.
Horned sea-blite,
Pursh seepweed,
Pursh’s seepweed,
American sea-blite,
Broom seepweed
Suéda couché
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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 (Elliott) Moq.

1817. Salsola linearis Elliott
1840. Suaeda linearis Moq.
1849. Chenopodina linearis Moq.
1898. Dondia linearis A.Heller
Annual seepweed,
Narrow-leaf sea-blite,
Southern sea-blite
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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Bassett & Crompton

1978. Suaeda rolandii
Bassett & Crompton
Roland's sea-blite
Suéda de Roland
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]

NYFA: 1

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 (L.) Dumort.

1753. Chenopodium maritimum L.
1827. Suaeda maritima Dumort.
Herbaceous seepweed,
White sea-blite
Suéda maritime
Introduced from
 North Atlantic coast,
N. America native

NYFA: X

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Tribe Camphorosmeae[edit | edit source]

Bassia[edit | edit source]
Bassia scoparia
The genus Bassia here includes Kochia scoparia. The Kochia genus was merged into Bassia by A. J. Scott in 1978. Although that merger was not widely accepted as a whole, Kochia scoparia subsp. scoparia has been shown to be embedded within a clade with Bassia hyssopifolia, making the Bassia scoparia name more appropriate for that particular taxon. The same study showed Bassia hirsuta to be in a separate clade, and the new monotypic genus Spirobassia was coined to contain that species.[1]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Camphorosmoideae — Camphorosmeae
Genus BassiaAll. Smotherweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 A.J.Scott

1753. Chenopodium scoparium L.
1809. Kochia scoparia Schrad.
1809. Kochia scopariassp. scoparia
1908. Kochia alata Bates
1978. Bassia scoparia A.J.Scott
Summer-cypress,
Burningbush,
Common kochia,
Mexican fireweed,
Red belvedere
Kochia à balais
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
 NYIS: 69%[1]

NYFA: X

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 (Pall.) Kuntze

1771. Salsola hyssopifolia Pall.
1802. Kochia hyssopifolia Roth
1804. Suaeda hyssopifolia Pall.
1840. Echinopsilon hyssopifolium Moq.
1891. Bassia hyssopifolia Kuntze
Fivehorn smotherweed,
Five-horned smother-weed,
Five-hooked bassia
Bassia à feuilles d'hysope
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive

NYFA: X

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Spirobassia[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Camphorosmoideae — Camphorosmeae
Genus SpirobassiaFreitag & G.Kadereit Contorted smotherweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Freitag & G.Kadereit

1753. Chenopodium hirsutum L.
1834. Echinopsilon hirsutum Moq.
1867. Bassia hirsuta Asch.
2011. Spirobassia hirsuta Freitag & al.
Hairy smother-weed Introduced

NYFA: X

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Subfamily Salsoloideae[edit | edit source]

The Salsoloideae ...

Tribe Salsoleae[edit | edit source]

In 2007, Hossein Akhani et al. transferred a number of Old World Salsola species to the resurected genus Kali Mill. (1754).[1] As of 2014, the North American sources used here had not chosen to abide by this transferal (though Wikipedia, Wikispecies, and Wikimedia Commons had made the change several years earlier).
Salsola[edit | edit source]
Salsola tragus
Russian thistle (genus Salsola).
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Salsoloideae — Salsoleae
Genus SalsolaL. 1753 Russian thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1756. Salsola tragus L.
1771. Kali tragus (L.) Scop.
1828. Salsola kali  var. tenuifolia  Tausch
1881. Salsola kali  ssp. tragus  Nyman
1908. Salsola kali  ssp. iberica  Sennen & Pau
1909. Salsola pestifer A.Nelson
1973. Salsola iberica (Sennen & Pau) Botsch. ex Czerep.
1993. Salsola tragus  var. tenuifolia  (Tausch) Tzvelev
Russian thistle,
Tumbleweed,
Prickly Russian thistle
Soude roulante,
Chardon de Russie,
Soude de Ruthénie
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
Naturalized

NYFA: X
NYFA: 29 counties
iNat
1 county

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 L.

1753. Salsola kali L.
1794. Kali soda Moench
1827. Salsola turgida Dumort
1838. Corispermum pilosum Raf.
1961. Salsola kali  ssp. austroafricana  Aellen
2011. Kali turgidum (Dumort.) Gutermann[1]
Northern saltwort ...
Russian thistle
Common saltwort
Salt-bush
Introduced from
 Europe,
Potentially invasive,
 GRIIS-US: Invasive

NYFA: X
NYFA: 10 counties
iNat
6 counties

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 (Pall.) Iliin

1803. Salsola kali  var. pontica  Pall.
1936. Salsola pontica (Pall.) Iliin
1993. Salsola pontica  var. glabra  Tzvelev
1996. Salsola kali  ssp. pontica  (Pall.) Mosyakin
1999. Salsola tragus  ssp. pontica  (Pall.) Rilke
2011. Kali ponticum (Pall.) Sukhor.[2]
2012. Kali tragus  ssp. ponticum  (Pall.) Mosyakin
2017. Salsola squarrosa  ssp. pontica  (Pall.) Mosyakin
Southern saltwort ...
Russian thistle
Prickly Russian thistle
Introduced,
No sepecimens

NYFA: X0
NYFA: Bronx (1899)
iNat
No observations

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 Pall.

1803. Salsola collina Pall.
1913. Salsola chinensis Gand.
1974. Salsola kali  ssp. collina  Bolòs & Vigo in Butl.
2007. Kali collina Akhani & E.H.Roalson[3]
Slender saltwort ...
Slender Russian thistle
Tumbleweed
Introduced from
 Eurasia

NYFA: X
NYFA: 2 counties
iNat
No observations

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Subfamily Corispermoideae[edit | edit source]

The Corispermoideae ...

Corispermum[edit | edit source]

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Corispermoideae — Corispermum
Genus Corispermum Bugseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Nutt.) Nutt.
var. americanum

1753. C. hyssopifoliumauct. non L.
1786. C. orientaleauct. non Lam.
1818. C. hyssopifolium  var. americanum  Nutt.
1834. C. americanum Nutt.
1903. C. marginale Rydb
1910. C. simplicissimum Lunell
American bugseed
Corisperme à feuilles d'hysope
Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: X

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 Steven

1753. C. hyssopifoliumauct. non L.
1817. C. pallasii Steven
1898. C. hyssopifolium  var. leptopterum  Asch.
1929. C. leptopterum (Asch.) Iljin
1929. C. sibiricum Iljin
Pallas bugseed,
Siberian bugseed
Corisperme à fruit ailé
Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: X

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Kit. ex Schult.

1814. Corispermum nitidum Kit.
Shiny bugseed,
Slender bugseed
Introduced from
 Europe

NYFA: Xm

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Subfamily Chenopodioideae[edit | edit source]

The tribal organization used here for the Chenopodioideae is from Kadereit et. al. (2010).[1]

Tribe Axyrideae[edit | edit source]

Axyris[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Axyrideae — Axyris
Genus Axyris Russian-pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Axyris amaranthoides L.
Russian-pigweed,
Upright axyris
Ansérine de Russie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive

NYFA: X

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  1. Gudrun Kadereit, Evgeny V. Mavrodiev, Elizabeth H. Zacharias, Alexander P. Sukhorukov (2010). Molecular phylogeny of Atripliceae (Chenopodioideae, Chenopodiaceae): Implications for systematics, biogeography, flower and fruit evolution, and the origin of C4 photosynthesis. American Journal of Botany 97(10): 1664–1687.

Tribe Dysphanieae[edit | edit source]

Dysphania[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Dysphanieae — Dysphania
Genus Dysphania Glandular-goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

1753. Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
1985. Teloxys ambrosioides W.A.Weber
2002. Dysphania ambrosioides
Mosyakin & Clemants
Mexican-tea,
Worm-seed
Introduced

NYFA: X

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(L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

1753. Chenopodium anthelminticum L.
1867. C. ambrosioidesvar. anthelminticum
A.Gray
2002. Dysphania anthelmintica
Wormseed Introduced

NYFA: X

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Jerusalem-oak,
Jerusalem oak goosefoot,
Feather-geranium
Introduced

NYFA: Xn

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Fetid goosefoot,
Fetid glandular-goosefoot
Introduced from
 Southwest

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Cut-leaved goosefoot Introduced

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Clammy goosefoot,
Ridged goosefoot,
Small crumbweed
Introduced

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Teloxys[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Dysphanieae — Teloxys
Genus Teloxys Wormseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Moq.

1753. Chenopodium aristatum L.
1834. Teloxys aristata Moq.
2002. Dysphania aristata
Pigweed,
Wormseed
Introduced,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

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Cycloloma[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Dysphanieae — Cycloloma
Genus Cycloloma Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Spreng.) J.M.Coult.

1801. Salsola atriplicifolia Spreng.
1894. Cycloloma atriplicifolium J.M.Coult.
Winged pigweed,
Tumbling-ringwing
Introduced

NYFA: X

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Tribe Anserineae[edit | edit source]

Anserineae Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 20. 1827. = Spinacieae Moq., Chenop. Monogr. Enum.: 5, 48. 1840.[1]

Blitum[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Anserineae — Blitum
Genus BlitumL. 1753 Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Schult.

1822. Blitum nuttallianum Schult.
1891. Monolepis nuttalliana Greene
Poverty-weed,
Nuttall's poverty-weed
Ansérine hastée
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

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 L.
ssp. capitatum

1753. Blitum capitatum L.
1753. Blitum capitatumssp. capitatum
[2]
1857. Chenopodium capitatum Ambrosi p.p.
1857. Chenopodium capitatumvar. capitatum
Strawberry goosefoot,
Strawberry-blight,
Indian-paint, Indian ink,
Blite goosefoot,
Strawberry-spinach
Chénopode capité
Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: X4

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 (L.) C.A.Mey.

1753. Chenopodium bonus-henricus L.
1766. Atriplex bonus-henricus Crantz
1827. Anserina bonus-henricus Dumort.
1829. Blitum bonus-henricus C.A.Mey.
1834. Agathophytum bonus-henricus Moq.
Good King Henry,
Allgood, Fat-hen,
Perennial goosefoot,
Wild spinach
Chénopode Bon-Henri,
Ansérine bon-henri,
Bon-Henri
Introduced from
 Europe

NYFA: X

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 L.

1753. Blitum virgatum L.
1794. Morocarpus foliosus Moench
1815. Chenopodium virgatum Thunb.
1864. Chenopodium foliosum Asch.
Leafy goosefoot Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

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Spinacia[edit | edit source]
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is commonly grown as a garden vegetable but is not known to naturalize in New York.
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Anserineae — Spinacia
Genus SpinaciaL. 1753 Spinach N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Spinacia oleracea L.
1753. Spinacea oleracea L. orth. var.
1794. Spinacia inermis Moench
1794. Spinacia spinosa Moench
1846. Spinacia oleracea  var. inermis  (Moench) Peterm.
Spinach
Épinard
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Cultivated,
Adventive,
Not naturalized,
SNA, GNR

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xm

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Tribe Chenopodieae[edit | edit source]

Fuentes-Bazan et al. (2012) moved a number of species out of Chenopodium to make it monophyletic, calling one of the new segregate genera Chenopodiastrum. The genera that were phylogenically between the Chenopodium and Chenopodiastrum clades were already in the tribe Atripliceae, so they placed Chenopodium and the new Chenopodiastrum in Atripliceae, even though the original Atripliceae would then be surrounded by and outnumbered by the former members of the Chenopodieae. But ARS-GRIN, though recognizing the new Chenopodiastrum, places all of these genera in Chenopodieae and calls Atripliceae a synonym.[1] That's the convention used here for this tribe.
  1. Family: Chenopodiaceae Vent., nom. cons. - subfam. Chenopodioideae - tribe Chenopodieae USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Lipandra[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Lipandra
Genus Lipandra Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch
var. polysperma

1753. Chenopodium polyspermum L.
2012. Lipandra polysperma S.Fuentes et al.
Manyseed goosefoot,
Many-seeded goosefoot
Chénopode polysperme,
Chénopode à
  nombreuses graines
Introduced,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

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(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch
var. acutifolia Mosyakin

1805. Chenopodium acutifolium Sm.
1828. C. polyspermumvar. acutifolium Gaudin
2013. L. polyspermavar. acutifolia Mosyakin
Many-seeded goosefoot,
Acute-leaved goosefoot
Chénopode à feuilles aiguës
Introduced,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

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Oxybasis[edit | edit source]
Oxybasis rubra
Goosefoot (Oxybasis species), previously placed in Chenopodium.[1]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Oxybasis
Genus Oxybasis Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch
var. rubra

1753. Chenopodium rubrum  var. rubrum  autonym
2012. Oxybasis rubra  var. rubra  autonym
Red pigweed,
Red goosefoot,
Coast-blite goosefoot
Chénopode rouge,
Ansérine rouge
Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 2

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 (L.) S.Fuentes et al.
ssp. glauca

1753. Chenopodium glaucumvar. glaucum
2012. Oxybasis glaucavar. glauca
Oak-leaved goosefoot Introduced from
 western North America,
N. America native

NYFA: X

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(L.) S. Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch

1753. Chenopodium urbicum L.
2012. Oxybasis urbicain…
Urban goosefoot ...
City goosefoot ...

Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Unknown naturalization

NYFA: Xu

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(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch

1771. Blitum chenopodioides L.
1933. Chenopodium chenopodioides
Aellen
2012. Oxybasis chenopodioides
S.Fuentes et al.
Low goosefoot,
Saltmarsh goosefoot
Chénopode à feuilles
 grasses
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
 western N. America

NYFA: X

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Genus Oxybasis (excluded taxa) Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) S.Fuentes et al.
var. humilis (Hook.) Mosyakin

1838. Chenopodium humile Hook.
1880. C. rubrumvar. humile S.Watson
1971. C. rubrumssp. humile Hultén
2013. O. rubravar. humilis Mosyakin
Coast-blite goosefoot,
Marshland goosefoot
Introduced from
 western N. America,
Canada native

NYFA: X

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Chenopodiastrum[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Chenopodiastrum
Genus ChenopodiastrumS.Fuentes et al. 2012 Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Torr.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch

1827. Chenopodium hybridumvar. simplex Torr.
1832. Chenopodium simplex Raf.
1929. Chenopodium gigantospermum Aellen
2012. Chenopodiastrum simplex S.Fuentes &al.
Giant-seeded goosefoot,
Maple-leaved goosefoot
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch

1753. Chenopodium murale L.
2012. Chenopodiastrum murale S.Fuentes &al.
Nettle-leaved goosefoot,
Australian-spinach
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

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Atriplex[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Atripliceae — Atriplex
Genus AtriplexL. 1753 Saltbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Humb. & Bonpl.
ex Willd.

1806. A. cristata Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
    A. arenaria Nutt.
    A. littoralis (Jacq.) Fawc. & Rendle
    A. pentandra (Jacq.) Standl.
Crested saltbush Native,
Vulnerable

NYFA: 3?

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Raf.
non (Nutt.) J.F.Macbr. (1918) nom. illeg.

1817. Atriplex dioica Raf.
1818. Chenopodium subspicatum Nutt.
1874. A. patulavar. subspicata S.Watson
1906. Atriplex subspicata Rydb.
Saline saltbush,
Thickleaf orach,
Thick-leaved orach
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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 Edmondston

1845. Atriplex glabriuscula Edmondston
1923. Atriplex patulassp. glabriuscula
H.M. Hall & Clem.
Northeastern saltbush,
Glabrous orach,
Seaside orach,
Scotland Orache,
Bracted orache
Arroche glabriuscule
Native,
Endangered,
Note:[1]

NYFA: 1

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Creeping saltbush,
Fat-hen,
Thin-leaved orach,
Hastate-leaved orache,
Triangle orache
N. America native

NYFA: Un

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 L.

1753. Atriplex patula L.
1753. Atriplex litoralis L.
1804. Atriplex angustifolia Sm.
1872. Teutliopsis patula Čelak.
1902. A. hastatassp. patula E.Pons
1904. A. hastatavar. patula Farw.
1923. A. patulassp. typica H.M.Hall & Clem.
Halberd-leaved saltbush,
Spear orach,
Spearscale
Arroche étalée,
Arroche des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

NYFA: 5

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 L.

1753. Atriplex hortensis L.
1753. Atriplex hortensisvar. rubra L.
1803. Atriplex nitens Schkuhr
Garden orache,
Garden saltbush,
French spinach,
Mountain-spinach
Arroche des jardins,
Arroche rouge des jardins,
Bonne-dame
Introduced from
 southern Europe?

NYFA: X

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Frosted orache,
Belgian orach
Introduced

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Tumbling orach,
Tumbling saltweed
Introduced

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Tartarian saltbush Introduced

Images
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 L.

    
    
    
    
Grassleaf orache Introduced,
No specimens

NYFA: D

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  1. NYFA is not certain of which of the three varieies of Atriplex glabriuscula is/are found in New York. This may place the status in question.
Chenopodium[edit | edit source]
Chenopodium berlandieri
The native and naturalized Chenopodium (gooosefoot) species found in New York are all members of subgenus Chenopodium, section Chenopodium, as described in Flora of North America North of Mexico.[1]
Chenopodium subsect. Favosa[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Chenopodium
Genus Chenopodiumsubsect. Favosa Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Moq.
var. bushianum (Aellen) Cronquist

1929. Chenopodium bushianum Aellen
????. C. berlandierivar. acutidentatum Aellen
1991. C. berlandierivar. bushianum Cronquist
 auct. C. paganum non Reichenb.
Bush's goosefoot,
Bush's pigweed,
Pit-seeded goosefoot
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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Moq.
var. boscianum Wahl

1840. Chenopodium boscianum Moq
1954. C. berlandierivar. boscianum Wahl
Pitseed goosefoot,
Pit-seeded goosefoot
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1?

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 Moq.
var. macrocalycium Cronquist

C. macrocalycium Aellen
Pitseed goosefoot,
Pit-seeded goosefoot,
Large-calyx Goosefoot
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1-2

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Genus Chenopodiumsubsect. Favosa (excluded taxa) Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Standl.

1916. Chenopodium neomexicanum Standl.
1916. Chenopodium arizonicum Standl.
1916. Chenopodium palmeri Standl.
New Mexico goosefoot Introduced,
US West native

NYFA: X

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Chenopodium subsect. Standleyana[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Chenopodium
Genus Chenopodiumsubsect. Standleyana Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Aellen

Standley's goosefoot Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 1-3

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Chenopodium subsect. Chenopodium[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Chenopodium
Genus Chenopodiumsubsect. Chenopodium Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Chenopodium album L.
1820. C. browneanum Roem. & Schult.
1825. C. giganteum D. Don
Lambs-quarters,
White goosefoot,
Pigweed
Ansérine blanche
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive

NYFA: X

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 Schrad. ex W.D.J.Koch & Ziz

1775. Chenopodium triangulare Forssk.
1814. Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad.
1962. C. albumssp. opulifolium Maire
Seaport goosefoot,
Grey goosefoot
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Africa

NYFA: X

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 Andrz.

1821. Chenopodium strictum Roth
1824. Salsola stricta (Roth) Spreng.
1862. Chenopodium betaceum Andrz. (i)
1894. Chenopodium album  ssp. striatum  (Krašan) Murr
1954. Chenopodium strictum  var. glaucophyllum  (Aellen) Wahl
Striped goosefoot N. America native,
Unknown NY nativity

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: N?
iNat

USDA-NX
GBIF
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 L.

1753. Chenopodium vulvaria L.
Stinking goosefoot,
Arrach,
Vulvaria
Introduced,
Impersistant,
Not naturalized
Monroe (1912-17)
NYFA: Xm

USDA-XX
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Chenopodium subsect. Leptophylla[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Chenopodium
Genus Chenopodiumsubsect. Leptophylla Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Rydb.

Desert goosefoot,
Narrow-leaved goosefoot
Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: Xu

USDA-NN
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Genus Chenopodiumsubsect. Leptophylla (excluded taxa) Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
    
Aridland goosefoot,
Narrow-leaved goosefoot
Introduced

NYFA-Excluded

Images
Wikispecies
Chenopodium subsect. Fremontia[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Chenopodium
Genus Chenopodiumsubsect. Fremontia (excluded taxa) Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
    
Fremont's goosefoot N. America native
 western,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

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Subfamily Betoideae[edit | edit source]

The Betoideae

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Betoideae
Genus Beta Beet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Beta vulgaris L.
1762. Beta maritima L.
1882. Beta vulgarisssp. maritima Arcang.
Beet,
Common beet
Betterave
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

NYFA: X

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Family Aizoaceae[edit | edit source]

The Aizoaceae (the fig-marigold family or ice plant family) ...

Subfamily Tetragonioideae[edit | edit source]

Tetragonia[edit | edit source]

Caryophyllales — Aizoaceae — Tetragonioideae
Genus Tetragonia Tetragonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Pallas) Kuntze

New Zealand spinach Introduced,
Impersistent

NYFA: X

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Subfamily Sesuvioideae[edit | edit source]

Sesuvium[edit | edit source]

Sea purslane
Caryophyllales — Aizoaceae — Sesuvioideae
Genus SesuviumL. Sea purslane N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Walter) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1788. Pharnaceum maritimum Walter
1821. Sesuvium pentandrum Elliott (nom. illeg.)
1824. Mollugo maritimum (Walter) Ser.
1888. Sesuvium maritimum (Walter) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
1891. Halimus maritima (Walter) Kuntze
Sea purslane ...
Slender sea-purslane
Annual sea-purslane ...
Puerto Rico sea-purslane
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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Family Nyctaginaceae[edit | edit source]

The Nyctaginaceae (four-o'clock family)

Tribe Nyctagineae[edit | edit source]

Mirabilis[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Nyctaginaceae — Nyctagineae — Mirabilis
Genus Mirabilis Four-o'clock N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Heart-leaved umbrella wort ...
Heartleaf four o'clock ...
Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: Xn

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(Walter) Heimerl

1893. Mirabilis hirsuta (Pursh) MacMill.
    Mirabilis albida (Walter) Heimerl
Pale umbrella wort ...
White four-o'clock ...
Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: X

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var. linearis

Narrow-leaved four o'clock,
Narrowleaf four o'clock
Introduced,
N. America native,
Unk. naturalization

NYFA: Xu

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 L.

Marvel-of-Peru ...
Marvel of Peru ...
Introduced

NYFA: Xm

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Family Phytolaccaceae[edit | edit source]

The Phytolaccaceae (pokeweed family)...[1]

Phytolacca[edit | edit source]

Phytolacca americana
American pokeweed

  1. Phytolaccaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
Caryophyllales — Phytolaccaceae — Phytolacca
Genus Phytolacca Pokeweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. americana

1753. Phytolacca americana L.
1762. Phytolacca decandra L.
American pokeweed,
Inkberry,
Pigeonberry,
Pokeberry,
Virginia poke
Raisin d'Amérique
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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Family Molluginaceae[edit | edit source]

Mollugo verticillata
carpet-weed
The Molluginaceae (family) ... [1]
  1. Molluginaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Mollugo[edit | edit source]

Caryophyllales — Molluginaceae
Genus Mollugo Carpetweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)

Carpet-weed,
Green carpetweed,
Indian chickweed,
Mollugo verticillé
Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: X

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Family Montiaceae[edit | edit source]

The Montiaceae Raf. (1820) was adoped by APG III (2009) to house a number of genera sgregated from the Portulacaceae (purslane family). Montiaceae includes the spring ephemerals in the genus Claytonia.

Claytonia[edit | edit source]

Claytonia caroliniana
Carolina spring-beauty
Claytonia contains the two New York spring ephemerals C. caroliniana (Carolina springbeauty) and C. virginica (eastern spring beauty). These two species can be most readily be differentiated by the shape of their leaves. C. virginica is generally found in drier and thinner soils than C. caroliniana.
Claytonia leaf shape leaf length leaf width
C. caroliniana broad oblanceolate to oval 25-75 mm 10-30 mm
C. virginica linear to narrow oblanceolate 75-180 mm 2-15 mm
Caryophyllales — Montiaceae — Claytonia
Genus Claytonia Spring beauty N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Michx.

1803. Claytonia caroliniana Michx.
1807. Claytonia spathulifolia Salisb.
1966. C. carolinianavar. spathulifolia W.H.Lewis
1975. C. carolinianavar. lewisii McNeill
Carolina springbeauty,
Carolina spring-beauty,
Wide-leaved spring beauty
Claytonie de Caroline,
Claytonie feuille-large
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 L.
var. virginica

1753. Claytonia virginica L.
1931. Claytonia robusta (Somes) Rydb.
1831. Claytonia media (DC.) Link
1992. C. virginicavar. hammondiae J.J.Doyle &al.
Eastern spring beauty,
Virginia springbeauty,
Narrow-leaf spring-beauty,
Narrow-leaved spring beauty
Claytonie de Virginie,
Claytonie feuille-étroite
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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Family Portulacaceae[edit | edit source]

The Portulacaceae (purslane family) now contains only the genus Portulaca.[1]
  1. Portulacaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Portulaca[edit | edit source]

Portulaca oleracea
common purslane
The origin of Portulaca oleracea is uncertain, but purslane seeds and the pollen of both purslane and corn were discovered in sediments at the bottom of meromitic Crawford Lake, a few miles west of Lake Ontario, indicating that both plants were present there prior to European settlement. It is thought that pre-Columbian people pulled the purslane from their corn fields and then washed it in the lake prior to cooking it.[1] Globally, P. oleracea is widely-naturalized and treated as a noxious weed in many locations.
  1. R. Byrne; J.H. McAndrews (1975). "Pre-Columbian puslane (Portulaca oleracea L.) in the New World" (PDF). Nature. 253 (5494): 726–727. doi:10.1038/253726a0. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
Caryophyllales — Portulacaceae — Portulaca
Genus Portulaca Purslane N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Portulaca oleracea L.
Common purslane,
Little hogweed
Introduced,
Canada native,
Naturalized

NYFA:

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 Hook.

Garden purslane,
Moss-rose,
Rose moss,
Rose-moss-of-garden
Introduced,
Not naturalized

NYFA: X

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Family Cactaceae[edit | edit source]

The Cactaceae (cactus family) has just one taxon native to New York.[1]
  1. Cactaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Subfamily Opuntioideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Opuntieae[edit | edit source]

Opuntia[edit | edit source]
Opuntia humifusa
eastern prickly-pear
The eastern prickly-pear (Opuntia humifusa) is found only in the southeastern part of New York State and is limited to rocky and sandy areas.
Caryophyllales — Cactaceae — Opuntioideae — Opuntieae — Opuntiea
Genus Opuntia Pricklypear N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Raf.) Raf. (1830)

Eastern prickly-pear Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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