Flora of New York/Caryophyllales 2

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Caryophyllales 1:
Droseraceae, Plumbaginaceae, Polygonaceae
Flora of New York — Caryophyllales 2: : Caryophyllaceae
Caryophyllales 3:
Amaranthaceae

Cactaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Caryophyllaceae[edit | edit source]

The Caryophyllaceae (pink, carnation family)...[1]

Subfamily Illecebroideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Paronychieae[edit | edit source]

Paronychia[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Illecebroideae — Paronychieae — Paronychia
Paronychia Nailwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Wood

    
1861. Paronychia canadensis (L.) Wood
    
Forked-chickweed,
Forked nail-wort,
Smooth-forked nailwort
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

USDA-NN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 (Raf.) Fernald
var. fastigiata

    Anychia polygonoides Raf.
1936. P. fastigiata (Raf.) Fernald
    P. fastigiatavar. typica
    P. fastigiatavar. paleacea
Cluster-stemmed nail-wort,
Forked-chickweed,
Hairy forked nailwort
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

USDA-NN
ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
  1. Caryophyllaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
Herniaria[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Illecebroideae — Paronychieae — Herniaria
Genus Herniaria Rupture-wort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Herniaria glabra L.
    
    
Smooth rupturewort,
Green-carpet,
Gray burstwort
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
Not naturalized

NYFA: Xm

USDA-XW
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 L.
ssp. cinerea

1815. Herniaria cinerea DC.
    Herniaria hirsutavar. cinerea
Hairy rupturewort Introduced,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

USDA-X0
FNA
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Sperguleae[edit | edit source]

Spergularia[edit | edit source]
Spergularia marina
lesser saltmarsh sand spurry

Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Illecebroideae — Sperguleae — Spergularia
Genus Spergularia Sandspurry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Besser

1753. Arenaria rubra  var. marina  L.
1819. Spergularia salina J.Presl & C.Presl
1822. Spergularia marina (L.) Besser
1833. Spergula salina (J.Presl & C.Presl) D.Dietr.
1843. Spergularia marina (L.) Griseb.
1889. Tissa marina (L.) Britton
1894. Spergularia tenuis (Greene) B.L.Rob.
1921. Alsine maritima Pall. ex House, illeg.
1940. Spergularia marina  var. tenuis  (Greene) R.Rossbach
Lesser salt-marsh ...
Salt sandspurry
Salt-marsh sand-spurrey
Native, CoC: 0,
Unranked

FACW

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Nu

Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
var. canadensis

1805. Arenaria canadensis Pers.
1831. Spergularia canadensis G.Don
 auct. Spergula canadensisnon D.Dietr.
1894. Tissa canadensis (Pers.) Britton
Canada sand-spurry,
Northern sand-spurry
Spergulaire du Canada
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Z

USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) C. Presl ex Griseb.
var. media

1762. Arenaria media L.
1826. Spergularia media (L.) C. Presl ex Griseb.
1844. Spergularia marginata (DC.) Kitt.
1912. Spergularia maritima (All.) Chiov.
Greater salt-marsh
  sand-spurrey,
Media sandspurry,
Middle-sized sandspurry
Spergulaire moyenne
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized

FACW-FACU

Annual-perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xn

USDA-XX
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) J.Presl & C.Presl

1753. Arenaria rubra L.
1753. Arenaria rubravar. campestris
1785. Arenaria campestris (L.) All.
1819. Spergularia rubra J.Presl & C.Presl
1832. Spergula rubra (L.) Bartl.
1840. Spergula rubra (L.) D.Dietr.
1859. Spergularia campestris (L.) Asch.
1889. Tissa rubra (L.) Britton
Purple sand-spurry,
Red sand-spurrey,
Purple sandwort
Spergulaire rouge
Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
NatureServe
BONAP
IPN
Images
Wikispecies
Spergula[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Illecebroideae — Sperguleae — Spergula
Genus Spergula Spurry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)

Cornspurry,
Corn spurrey,
Starwort,
Stickwort
Introduced,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 Boreau (1847)

Morison's spurry,
Pearlwort spurrey
Introduced from
 Europe,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [1],
Unknown naturalization,
SNA

NYFA: X

USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies

Subfamily Caryophylloideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Sileneae[edit | edit source]

Silene[edit | edit source]
Silene subg. Behen[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Caryophylloideae — Sileneae — Silene subg. Behen
Genus Silenesect. Physolychnis Catchfly N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) W.T.Aiton

1753. Cucubalus stellatus L.
1811. Silene stellata (L.) W.T.Aiton
1840. Evactoma stellata Raf.
1913. Evactoma stellatavar. scabrella
1938. Silene stellatavar. scabrella
1942. Silene scabrella
(Nieuwl.) G.N.Jones
Starry campion,
Starry catchfly,
Widow's frill,
Widowsfrill
Silène étoilé
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

NYFA: 5

USDA-X0
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
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Wikispecies
 Walter
ssp. pensylvanica (Michx.) R.T.Clausen

1803. Silene pensylvanica Michx.
1939. S. carolinianassp. pensylvanica
1940. S. carolinianavar. pensylvanica
Wild pink,
Wild campion,
Pennsylvania catchfly,
Pennsylvania wild pink
Native, CoC: 8,
Threatened

NYFA: 2

USDA-N0
Go Botany
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
NatureServe
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Silene virginica L.
1788. Silene catesbaei Walter
1802. Silene coccinea Moench
1843. Melandrium virginicum A.Braun
Fire pink,
Scarlet catchfly,
Virginia campion,
Virginia catchfly
Silène de Virginie
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent,
Garden escape

Silene%20virginica

NYFA: Xm

USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 Sims

1815. Silene regia Sims
1843. Melandrium regium
(Sims) A. Braun
1870. Melandrium illinoense Rohrb.
Royal catchfly Introduced from
 US Midwest,
N. America native,
No NY specimens

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 0

USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
NatureServe
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
 Baumg.

1816. Silene csereii Baumg.
1842. Silene saponariifolia
Schott ex Ledeb.
1877. Behenantha cserei Schur
1976. Oberna cserei Ikonn.
Balkan catchfly,
Biennial campion,
Glaucous campion,
Csere's pink
Silène bisannuel
Introduced from
 Europe

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 Ehrh.
ssp. dichotoma

1792. Silene dichotoma Ehrh.
Forked catchfly,
Forked campion,
Forking catchfly,
Branching campion
Silène dichotome,
Silène à deux grappes,
Silène fourchu
Introduced from
 Eurasia

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Genus Silenesect. Behenantha Campion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Moench) Garcke

1794. Behen vulgaris Moench
1869. Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke
1907. Silene latifolia Rendle & Britten
1923. Silene latifolia
var. pubescens (DC.) Farw.
1976. Oberna behen (L.) Ikonn.
Bladder campion,
Maiden's tears
Silène enflé
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Silene noctiflora L.
1768. Cucubalus noctiflorus (L.) Mill.
1843. Melandrium noctiflorum (L.) Fr.
1869. Elisanthe noctiflora (L.) Rupr.
Night-flowering campion,
Night-flowering silene,
Night-flowering catchfly,
Sticky cockle
Silène noctiflore,
Compagnon de nuit,
Silène à fleurs nocturnes,
Silène de nuit
Introduced from
 Eurasia

NYFA: X

Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Genus Silenesect. Melandrium Catchfly N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Poir.

1768. Lychnis alba Mill.
1798. Silene latifolia Poir.
1858. Melandrium album Garcke
1901. Silene alba E.H.L.Krause
1982. S. latifoliassp. alba
White campion,
White cockle,
Evening lychnis,
Wide-leaved bladder campion,
Bladder campion
Silène blanc
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa,
Widespread weed

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Clairv.

1753. Lychnis dioica L.
1794. Saponaria dioica (L.) Moench
1811. Silene dioica (L.) Clairv.
1845. Melandrium dioicum
Coss. & Germ.
1849. Lychnis rubra
Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan
1858. Melandrium rubrum Garcke
Red campion,
Red catchfly
Silène dioïque
Introduced from
 Europe,
 n. Africa

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 Meusel & Werner

Silene dioica ×
Silene latifolia

1979. Silene × hampeana
Meusel & Werner
1982. Silene × intermedia
(Schur) Philp non (Lange) Bocquet
Hampe’s campion Introduced,
Unk naturalization

Perennial,
Herb-forb


NYFA: X

USDA-XN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies
Silene subg. Silene[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Caryophylloideae — Sileneae — Silene subg. Silene
Genus Silenesubg. Silene Catchfly N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Silene antirrhina L.
1845. S. a.var. laevigata Engelm. & A.Gray
1845. S. a.var. subglaber Engelm. & A.Gray
1893. S. a.var. divaricata B.L.Rob.
1904. S. a.var. depauperata Rydb.
1904. S. a.var. vaccarifolia Rydb.
1915. S. a.var. confinis Fernald
Sleepy catchfly,
Sleepy campion,
Sleepy silene
Silène muflier
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Silene armeria L.
1840. Atocion armeria (L.) Raf.
Sweet William catchfly,
Sweet William campion,
Thrift catchfly,
Silène arméria
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Garden escape

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Eurasian catchfly Introduced,
Impersistent,
Rare garden waif

NYFA: Xm

USDA-X0
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
 L. (1753)
ssp. conica

Pleconax conica
Sand catchfly,
Striate catchfly,
Striped corn catchfly,
Conical catchfly
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

USDA-X
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 Pers. (1805)
ssp. nemoralis

Italian catchfly Introduced,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
Genus Silenesubg. Silene (excluded taxa) Catchfly N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    Silene acaulis
Moss campion

N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
Silene subg. Lychnis[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Caryophylloideae — Sileneae — Silene subg. Lychnis
Genus Silenesubg. Lychnis Campion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 Greuter & Burdet

1753. Lychnis flos-cuculi L.
1811. Silene flos-cuculi (L.) Clairv.
[1]
1843. Coronaria flos-cuculi (L.) A. Braun
1844. Coccyganthe flos-cuculi (L.) Rchb.
1982. Silene flos-cuculi Greuter & Burdet
Ragged-robin,
Meadow campion,
Cuckoo-flower
Silène fleur-de-coucou,
Lychnide fleur-de-coucou,
Lychnis fleur-de-coucou
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
 E.H.L.Krause

1753. Lychnis chalcedonica L.
1843. Agrostemma chalcedonica Döll
1901. Silene chalcedonica E.H.L.Krause
Maltese-cross campion,
Maltesecross,
Scarlet-lychnis
Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-XW
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Clairv.

1753. Agrostemma coronaria L.
1792. Lychnis coronaria (L.) Desr.
1811. Silene coronaria (L.) Clairv.
1936. Coronaria coriacea (Moench) Schischk.
Rose campion,
Mullein lychnis
Lychnide coronaire
Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Jess.

1753. Lychnis viscaria L.
1771. Lychnis viscosa Scop.
1800. Viscaria vulgaris Bernh.
1840. Steris viscaria (L.) Raf.
1859. Viscaria viscosa (Scop.) Asch.
1879. Silene viscaria (L.) Jess.
Clammy campion,
Sticky catchfly
Introduced

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xm

USDA-X0
Go Botany-0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
  1. NYFA, USDA-NRCS PLANTS, and GoBotany list Ragged-robin, as Lychnis flos-cuculi, while ITIS, ARS-GRIN, and Flora of North America (FNA) all list it as Silene flos-cuculi. However, FNA lists the author as (L.) Clairv. (1811) instead of (L.) Greuter & Burdet (1982) as the other 2 sources do. VASCAN follows FNA.
Agrostemma[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Caryophylloideae — Sileneae — Agrostemma
Genus Agrostemma Corncockle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Common corncockle Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Caryophylleae[edit | edit source]

Dianthus[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Caryophylloideae — Caryophylleae — Dianthus
Genus Dianthus Pink N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. armeria

1753. Dianthus armeria L.
    
    
Deptford pink Introduced,
Naturalized

UPL

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xn

USDA-XW
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
 L.
ssp. barbatus

1753. Dianthus barbatus L.
    
    
Sweet William Introduced,
Naturalized

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xn

USDA-XX
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Dianthus carthusianorum L.
    
    
Clusterhead pink,
Clusterhead
Introduced,
Naturalized

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xn

USDA-X0
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
 L.
ssp. deltoides

1753. Dianthus deltoides L.
    
    
Maiden pink Introduced,
Naturalized

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xn

USDA-XX
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
 L.
ssp. plumarius

1753. Dianthus plumarius L.
    
    
Garden pink,
Cottage pink,
Laced pink
Introduced,
Unk. nat. stat.

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X uns

USDA-XX
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
Gypsophila[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Caryophylloideae — Caryophylleae — Gypsophila
Genus Gypsophila Babysbreath N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 M.Bieb.

1808. Gypsophila elegans M.Bieb.
1886. G. producta Stapf
1919. G. ceballosi Pau & Vicioso
Showy baby's-breath,
Annual baby's-breath
Gypsophile élégante
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Unk. naturalization

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xu

USDA-XW
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Gypsophila paniculata L.
1836. Arrostia paniculata (L.) Raf.
1942. Saponaria paniculata (L.) H. Neumayer
Tall baby's-breath,
Perennial baby's-breath,
Baby's-breath,
Old maid's-pink
Brouillard,
Gypsophile paniculée,
Gypsophile en panicule,
Oeillet d'amour
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Unk. naturalization

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xu

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Huds.

1767. Gypsophila pilosa Huds.
1768. Silene porrigens Gouan ex L.
1867. Gypsophila porrigens (Gouan ex L.) Boiss.
Hairy baby's-breath Introduced from
 Asia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xm

USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 Ser.

1824. Gypsophila scorzonerifolia Ser.
    
    
Glandular baby's-breath,
Garden baby's-breath
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized

NYFA: Xm

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Genus Gypsophila(excluded) Babysbreath N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Guss.

1826. Gypsophila arrostii Guss.
    
    
Arrost's baby's-breath Introduced from
 Eurasia,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-0
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
Psammophiliella[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Caryophylloideae — Caryophylleae — Psammophiliella
Genus Psammophiliella Babysbreath N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Ikonn.

1753. Gypsophila muralis L.
1971. Psammophila muralis (L.) Fourr. ex Ikonn.
1976. Psammophiliella muralis (L.) Ikonn.
Low baby's-breath,
Cushion baby's-breath,
Annual gypsophila
Gypsophile de murs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Unk. naturalization

NYFA: Xu

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Petrorhagia[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Caryophylloideae — Caryophylleae — Petrorhagia
Genus Petrorhagia Pink N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Childing-pink,
Proliferous pink
Introduced

Images
Wikispecies
var. saxifraga

Saxifrage pink,
Tunic flower,
Coat flower
Introduced

Images
Wikispecies
Saponaria[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Caryophylloideae — Caryophylleae — Saponaria
Genus Saponaria Soapwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Saponaria officinalis L.
    Lychnis saponaria Jess.
    S. officinalisvar. glaberrima
Bouncing-bet,
Common soapwort,
Sweet Betty
Saponaire officinale
Introduced,
Invasive,
 NYIS: 53%[1],
Eurasia native

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Saponaria ocymoides L.
    
    
Rock soapwort Introduced

NYFA: Xm

USDA-X0
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentPersicaria longiseta: Moderate (53). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
Vaccaria[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Caryophylloideae — Caryophylleae — Vaccaria
Genus Vaccaria Soapwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (Mill.) Rauschert

1753. Saponaria vaccaria L.
1768. Saponaria hispanica Mill.
1897. Vaccaria vaccaria (L.) Britton (i)
1965. V. hispanica (Mill.) Rauschert
1966. V. hispanica (Mill.) Rauschert (i)
2012. V. hispanicassp. vaccaria
Cow soapwort,
Cowcockle,
Cowherb
Saponaire des vaches
Introduced,
Eurasia native

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
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Subfamily Alsinoideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Arenarieae[edit | edit source]

The Arenarieae contains two species found in New York, both commonly referred to as sandworts.
Moehringia[edit | edit source]
Moehringia lateriflora
blunt-leaved grove sandwort

Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Alsinoideae — Arenarieae
Genus Moehringia Sandwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Fenzl

1753. Arenaria lateriflora L.
1833. Moehringia lateriflora (L.) Fenzl
1905. A. lateriflora  var. tenuicaulis  Blank.
1917. A. lateriflora  var. angustifolia  (Regel) H.St.John
1917. A. lateriflora  var. tayloriae  H.St.John
Blunt-leaved grove sandwort ...
Blunt-leaved sandwort
Bluntleaf sandwort
Grove sandwort

Sabline latériflore
Moehringie latériflore
Sabline à fleurs latérales
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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(Hook.) Fenzl

1831. Arenaria macrophylla Hook.
1833. Moehringia macrophyllain…
Large-leaved grove-sandwort ...
Largeleaf sandwort ...
Bigleaf sandwort ...

Sabline à grandes feuilles
Moehringie à grandes feuilles
N. America native
 western N. America,
Not listed in NY

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Arenaria[edit | edit source]
Arenaria serpyllifolia
thyme-leaved sandwort
Although there are about eight North American native Arenaria (sandwort) species and a single Old World Arenaria species known to have naturalized in North America, that introduction, the diminutive thyme-leaved sandwort (Arenaria serpyllifolia) is the only Arenaria species known to have naturalized in New York, where it's a common weed in dry disturbed areas and occasionally found in sparsely vegetated natural areas.
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Alsinoideae — Arenarieae — Arenaria
Genus ArenariaRuppius ex L. Sandwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Arenaria serpyllifolia L.
1771. Stellaria serpyllifolia (L.) Scop.
1831. Arenaria serpyllifolia  var. tenuior  Mert. & W.D.J.Koch
1844. Arenaria leptoclados (Rchb.) Guss.
1882. Arenaria serpyllifolia  ssp. tenuior  (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Arcang.
1913. Arenaria petiolata Hayata
2007. Arenaria serpyllifolia  ssp. leptoclados  (Rchb.) Nyman
Thyme-leaved sandwort ...
Thyme-leaf sandwort ...
Thymeleaf sandwort ...

Sabline à feuilles de serpolet ...
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [2],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized

FAC

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X
NYFA: 45 counties
19 counties

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Tribe Alsineae[edit | edit source]

The Alsineae contains four genera of chickweeds in New York.

Cerastium[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Alsinoideae — Alsineae — Cerastium
Genus Cerastium Mouse-ear-chickweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Raf.
 var. nutans

1813. C. longepedunculatum Muhl.
1814. Cerastium nutans Raf.
1951. C. nutansvar. occidentale B. Boivin
Nodding chickweed,
Long-stalked chickweed
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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L.

    Cerastium strictum L.
    Cerastium arvense  ssp. strictum  (L.) Gaudin
American field chickweed ...
Field chickweed ...

Céraiste dressé ...
Native, CoC: 8,
Unranked

NYFA: U

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 L.

Field mouse-ear chickweed,
Prairie mouse-ear chickweed
Céraiste des champs
Introduced

NYFA: X

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 Baumg.
ssp. vulgare (Hartm.) Greuter & Burdet

1755. C. vulgatumnon L. nom. rej.
1762. C. vulgatum sensu L.
1820. C. vulgare Hartm.
1982. C. fontanumssp. vulgare
Big chickweed,
Mouseear chickweed,
Mouse-ear chickweed
Céraiste commun
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa

NYFA: X

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Sticky mouse-ear chickweed Introduced

NYFA: X

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European chickweed,
Sticky mouse-ear chickweed
Introduced

NYFA: X

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Five-stamened
    mouse-ear chickweed
Introduced

NYFA: X

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Snow-in-summer,
Dusty miller
Introduced

NYFA: X

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Stellaria[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Alsinoideae — Alsineae — Stellaria
Genus Stellaria Starwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Bigelow
 ssp. borealis

1803. Spergulastrum lanceolatum Michx.
1824. Stellaria borealis Bigelow
1894. Alsine borealis (Bigelow) Britton
1914. Stellaria borealis  var. floribunda  Fernald
1914. Stellaria borealis  var. isophylla  Fernald
1940. Stellaria calycantha  var. floribunda  (Fernald) Fernald
1940. Stellaria calycantha  var. isophylla  (Fernald) Fernald
Boreal starwort,
Boreal stitchwort,
Northern stitchwort
Stellaire boréale
Native, CoC: 9,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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Long-leaved stitchwort,
Long-leaved starwort
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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 ssp. longipes

    
    
    
Long-stalked stitchwort Native,
Secure

NYFA: X

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Shinners

    Stellaria corei Shinners
    Stellaria silvatica (Bég.) Maguire
    Stellaria pubera  var. silvatica  (Bég.) Weath.
Tennessee chickweed,
Tennessee starwort
Introduced,
US South native

NYFA: X

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Grimm

    Stellaria alsine Grimm
Bog starwort ...
Bog stitchwort ...
Trailing stitchwort
Native, CoC: 8

OBL

NYFA: X

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Star chickweed Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: X

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Little starwort,
Common stitchwort,
Grass-leaved stitchwort,
Grass-leaved starwort
Introduced

NYFA: X

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(L.) Vill.

1753. Alsine media L.
1789. Stellaria media (L.) Vill.
1789. Stellaria media  ssp. media
1891. Stellularia media  ssp. vulgaris  Kuntze
Common chickweed Introduced

NYFA: X

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Weihe

1825. Stellaria neglecta Weihe
1874. Stellaria media  ssp. neglecta  (Lej.) Gremli
Greater chickweed ...
Introduced

NYFA: X

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Greater starwort,
Easter-bell
Introduced

NYFA: X

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Myosoton[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Alsinoideae — Alsineae — Myosoton
Genus Myosoton Myosoton N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Moench

1753. Cerastium aquaticum L.
1771. Stellaria aquatica (L.) Scop.
1794. Myosoton aquaticum (L.) Moench
    Alsine aquatica
    Malachium aquaticum
Giant chickweed,
Water chickweed,
Céraiste aquatique,
Malaquie aquatique,
Stellaire aquatique
Introduced

NYFA: X

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Holosteum[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Alsinoideae — Alsineae — Holosteum
Genus Holosteum Holosteum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. umbellatum

Jagged chickweed Introduced

NYFA: X

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Tribe Sagineae[edit | edit source]

Sagina[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Alsinoideae — Sagineae — Sagina
Genus Sagina Pearlwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (Elliott) Torr. & A.Gray
ssp. decumbens

1821. Spergula decumbens Elliott
1838. Sagina decumbens (Elliott)
Torr. & A.Gray
1867. Sagina subulatavar. smithii
1890. Sagina decumbensvar. smithii
Small-flowered pearlwort,
Trailing pearlwort
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]

FAC

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 1

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 (Sw.) Ohwi

1801. Spergula japonica Sw.
1937. Sagina japonica (Sw.) Ohwi
Japanese pearlwort
Sagine du Japon
Introduced from
 Asia,
Naturalized

NYFA: Xn

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 L.

1753. Sagina procumbens L.
1766. Alsine procumbens (L.) Crantz
1887. S. procumbensvar. compacta
Birdeye pearlwort,
Matted pearlwort,
Procumbent pearlwort
Sagine couchée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

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Tribe Sclerantheae[edit | edit source]

Honckenya[edit | edit source]
Honckenya peploides
seabeach sandwort flowers

Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Alsinoideae — Sclerantheae — Honckenya
Genus Honckenya Honckenya N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Ehrh.
ssp. robusta (Fernald) Hultén

1944. Honckenya peploidesvar. robusta
    Ammodenia peploidesvar. robusta
Sea chickweed,
Sea sandwort,
Seabeach sandwort,
Seaside sandplant
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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Minuartia[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Alsinoideae — Sclerantheae — Minuartia
Genus Minuartia Stitchwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Fenzl) Farw.
var. michauxii

    
Michaux's stitchwort,
Minuartie de Michaux
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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 (Walter) Mattf.

    
    Arenaria caroliniana Walter
    Alsinopsis caroliniana (Walter) Small
    Minuopsis caroliniana (Walter) W.A.Weber
    Sabulina caroliniana (Walter) Small
Pinebarren stitchwort,
Pine barren stitchwort,
Pine barren sandwort
Native,
Rare

NYFA: 3

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 (Michx.) Mattf.

    Arenaria glabra
    Minuartia groenlandicassp. glabra
    Porsildia groenlandicassp. glabra
    Sabulina glabra
1921. Minuartia glabra (Michx.) Mattf.
Appalachian stitchwort,
Appalachian sandwort
Native,
Rare

NYFA: 3

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 (Retz.) Ostenf. (1920)

    Arenaria groenlandica
    Porsildia groenlandica
    Sabulina groenlandica
    Stellaria labradorica
Greenland stitchwort,
Mountain sandwort,
Minuartie du Groenland
Native,
Rare

NYFA: 3

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Scleranthus[edit | edit source]
Caryophyllales — Caryophyllaceae — Alsinoideae — Sclerantheae — Scleranthus
Genus Scleranthus German-knotgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)
ssp. annuus

    
Annual knawel,
German knotweed,
German knotgrass,
Scléranthe annuel
Introduced,
Europe, w Asia, n Africa

NYFA: X

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Caryophyllales 1:
Droseraceae, Plumbaginaceae, Polygonaceae
Flora of New York — Caryophyllales 2: : Caryophyllaceae
Caryophyllales 3:
Amaranthaceae

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