Flora of New York/Ammaryllidaceae & Asparagaceae

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Asparagales (2)
Iridaceae & Xanthorrhoeaceae
Flora of New York — Asparagales (3)
Ammaryllidaceae & Asparagaceae

Poales (1)
Typhaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Xyridaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order P Family Subfamily Tribe Genera G T
Asparagales 1 Orchidaceae Vanilloideae Pogonieae Pogonia (snakemouth orchid)
Isotria (fiveleaf orchid)
2 3
Cypripedioideae Cypripedium (lady's slipper) 1 8
Epidendroideae Neottieae Epipactis (helleborine)
Listera (twayblade)
2 6
Triphoreae Triphora (noddingcaps) 1 1
Arethuseae Arethusa (dragon's mouth) 2 2
Malaxideae Liparis (widelip-orchid)
Malaxis (adder's-mouth-orchid)
2 5
Maxillarieae Corallorhiza (coralroot)
Aplectrum (Adam and Eve)
3 6
Calypsoeae Calypso (fairy slipper)
Tipularia (cranefly orchid)
2 2
Orchidoideae Orchideae Amerorchis (roundleaf orchis)
Coeloglossum (frog-orchid)
Galearis (galearis)
Platanthera (fringed-orchid)
4 23
Cranichideae Goodyera (rattlesnake-plantain)
Spiranthes (ladies'-tresses)
2 12
Hypoxidaceae Hypoxis (eastern yellow stargrass) 1 1
2 Iridaceae Iridoideae Irideae Iris (iris)
Belamcanda (blackberry lily)
2 10
Sisyrinchieae Sisyrinchium (blue-eyed grass) 1 7
Crocoideae Ixiae Crocus (crocus) 1 4
Xanthorrhoeaceae Hemerocallidoieae Hemerocallideae Hemerocallis (daylily) 1 2
3 Ammaryllidaceae Allioideae Allium (garlic, onion, leek, chives) 1 14
Amaryllidoideae Narcisseae Narcissus (daffodil) 1 4
Galantheae Galanthus (snowdrop)
Leucojum (snowflake)
2 3
Asparagaceae Scilloideae Ornithogaleae Ornithogalum (star-of-Bethlehem) 1 2
Hyacintheae Chionodoxa (glory of the snow)
Hyacinthoides (English-bluebell)
Muscari (grape-hyacinth)
Scilla (squill)
4 5
Agavoideae Agaveae Yucca (Adam's needle)
Hosta (plantain lily)
2 4
Asparagoideae Asparagus (asparagus) 1 1
Nolinoideae Convallaria (lily-of-the-valley) 1 2
Maianthemum (mayflower)
Polygonatum (Solomon's-seal)
2 6

Family Amaryllidaceae[edit]

The Amaryllidaceae (family)...

Subfamily Allioideae[edit]

Genus Allium[edit]

Allium subg. Anguinum[edit]
Asparagales — Amaryllidaceae — Allioideae — Allium — subg. Anguinum
Allium Onion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 Aiton
var. tricoccum

1789. Allium tricoccum Aiton
1808. Allium triflorum Raf.
1822. Ophioscorodon tricoccum (Aiton) Wallr.
1840. Aglitheis tricoccum (Aiton) Raf.
1903. Validallium tricoccum (Aiton) Small
Small white leek,
Wild leek,
Wood leek,
Ramp,
Ramps
Ail des bois,
Ail trilobé,
Ail sauvage
Native,
Secure
Wild leeks (Whitefish I) 2.JPG
Allium tricoccum var tricoccum nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Note: FLNPS
 Aiton
var. burdickii Hanes

1953. Allium tricoccum var. burdickii Hanes
1979. Allium burdickii (Hanes) A.G.Jones
Narrow-leaf wild leek,
Burdick's wild leek,
Ramp
Ail de Burdick
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[1]
Wild leeks (Whitefish I) 1.JPG
Allium tricoccum var burdickii nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Allium subg. Amerallium[edit]
Asparagales — Amaryllidaceae — Allioideae — Allium — subg. Amerallium
Allium Onion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
var. canadense

Meadow garlic,
Canadian garlic,
Wild onion
Native,
Secure
Allium canadense.jpg
Allium canadense var canadense NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
Note: FLNPS
var. cernuum

Nodding onion Native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[1]
Allium cernuum 1.jpg
Allium cernuum var cernuum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Note: FLNPS
 Cirillo

Ail de Naples,
Neapolitan garlic,
White garlic
Introduced,
Old-World native
Allium neapolitanum03.jpg
Allium neapolitanum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Allium subg. Cepa[edit]
Allium schoenoprasum L.
wild chives
Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) is a circumboreal species. Although escapes of these widely-cultivated plants are common, natural populations are now considered to be endangered in New York.
Asparagales — Amaryllidaceae — Allioideae — Allium — subg. Cepa
Allium Onion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 L.

1753. Allium schoenoprasum L.
1753. Allium sibiricum L.
yyyy. A. schoenoprasum var. laurentianum
yyyy. A. schoenoprasum var. sibiricum
Wild chives Native, C:9,
Endangered,
Note[1][2]
Allium schoenoprasum(01).jpg
Allium schoenoprasum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 



Images, wsp

Garden onion,
Cultivated onion
Introduced,
Impersistant,
Not naturalized
Zwiebelblueten offen geschlossen.jpg
Allium cepa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-C0






Images, wsp
  1. USDA-NRCS PLANTS shows Allium schoenoprasum var. schoenoprasum as introduced in North America, but not present in NY. It shows var. sibiricum as native to North America, present in NY, and threatened in MI, MN, and NH. The New York Flora Atlas treats these varieties as cultivars and gives the species a state-exotic status. Flora of North America treats the species as a polymorphic North American native, with no reliable varietal separations.
  2. New York Rare Plant Status Lists, November 2017:Changes Since the June 2010 Rare Plant Status Lists: Taxa added to the Active List: Allium schoenoprasum G5 S1
Allium subg. Allium[edit]
Asparagales — Amaryllidaceae — Allioideae — Allium — subg. Allium
Allium Onion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 14
 L.

Broadleaf wild leek,
Broad-leaved wild leek
Introduced,
Impersistent
Allium ampeloprasum Inflorescencia 2011-05-22 SierraMadrona.jpg
Allium ampeloprasum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

Leek Introduced Leek field in Italy 3.jpg
Allium porrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

Wild garlic Introduced Jazevčí 4 - Allium oleraceum.JPG
Allium oleraceum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp
 L.
var. sativum

Garlic Introduced Allium sativum harilik kyyslauk estonia.JPG
Allium sativum var sativum nymap.svg







Images, wsp
 L.
var. paniculatum

Mediterranean onion Introduced Allium paniculatum Enfoque 2011-6-11 CampodeCalatrava.jpg
Allium paniculatum var paniculatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

Round-head garlic Introduced Czosnek główkowaty.JPG NYFA-X






Images, wsp
 L.

Wild garlic,
Wild onion,
Onion-grass
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[1]
Allium vineale02.jpg
Allium vineale NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Subamily Amaryllidoideae[edit]

The Amaryllidoideae (amaryllis subfamily)...

Tribe Narcisseae[edit]

Genus Narcissus[edit]
Asparagales — Amaryllidaceae — Amaryllidoideae — Narcisseae — Narcissus
Narcissus Daffodil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L

Jonquil,
Daffodil
Introduced Narcissus jonquilla 3.jpg
Narcissus jonquilla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

Poet’s narcissus,
Pheasant’s-eye narcissus,
Daffodil
Introduced Flower of a Narcissus.jpg
Narcissus poeticus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
L. 1753

Daffodil,
Common daffodil,
Trumpet narcissus
Introduced,
from Eurasia,
Macaronesia
20140226Narcissus pseudonarcissus2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
Mill. (pro sp.)
[ poeticus × pseudonarcissus ]

Nonesuch daffodil Introduced
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Tribe Galantheae[edit]

Genus Leucojum[edit]
Asparagales — Amaryllidaceae — Amaryllidoideae — Galantheae — Leucojum
Leucojum Snowflake N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. 1759

Summer snowflake,
Loddon-lily
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Leucojum aestivum 2010 4×3.jpg NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
Genus Galanthus[edit]
Asparagales — Amaryllidaceae — Amaryllidoideae — Galantheae — Galanthus
Galanthus Snowdrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Hook.f. 1875

1882. G. graecus Orph. ex Boiss.
Giant snowdrop,
Greater snowdrop
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Weiße Blütenglocken.JPG NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L. 1753

1839. G. imperati Bertol.
1888. G. nivalis ssp. imperati Baker
Snowdrop,
Common snowdrop
Perceneige
Introduced,
from Eurasia
Snieguole resize.jpg NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp

Family Asparagaceae[edit]

Subfamily Scilloideae[edit]

Tribe Ornithogaleae[edit]

Genus Ornithogalum[edit]
Ornithogalum umbellatum L.
common star-of-Bethlehem


Asparagales — Asparagaceae — Scilloideae — Ornithogaleae — Ornithogalum
Ornithogalum Star of Bethlehem N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Ornithogalum umbellatum L.
Common star-of-Bethlehem,
Pyrenees Star of Bethlehem,
Nap-at-noon,
Sleepy dick
Dame de onze heures
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Invasive,
WW
20170421Ornithogalum umbellatum3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Drooping star-of-Bethlehem,
Nodding star-of-Bethlehem
Introduced,
Eurasia native
Ornithogalum nutans003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp

Tribe Hyacintheae[edit]

Subribe Hyacinthinae[edit]
Asparagales — Hyacinthaceae — Hyacinthoideae — Hyacintheae — Hyacinthinae
Chionodoxa Glory-of-the-snow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Glory of the snow,
Lucile's glory of the snow
Introduced Chionodoxa-luciliae-close.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Hyacinthoides Hyacinthoides N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

English-bluebell Introduced Bluebell aka Hyacinthoides non-scripta.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp
Muscari Grape-hyacinth N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2

Common grape-hyacinth,
Compact grape-hyacinth,
Italilan grape-hyacinth,
Grape-hyacinth
Introduced from
 Europe
Muscari botryoides.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp

Grape hyacinth,
Starch grape hyacinth
Introduced Muscari neglectum006.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp
Scilla Scilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Siberian squill,
wood squill
Introduced Ostrava, Zábřeh, hřbitov, duben 2012, 6.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp

Subfamily Agavoideae[edit]

Tribe Agaveae[edit]

Genus Yucca[edit]
Asparagales — Asparagaceae — Agavoideae — Agaveae — Yucca
Yucca Yucca N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Yucca,
Adam's needle,
Spanish bayonette
Introduced,
North America native
Yucca filamentosa0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N



NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Genus Hosta[edit]
Asparagales — Asparagaceae — Agavoideae — Agaveae — Hosta
Hosta Plantain-lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Thunb.) Engl.

Narrowleaf plantain lily,
Narrow-leaved plantain-lily
Introduced Hosta lancifolia leaves.JPG
Hosta lancifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp

Blue plantain-lily Introduced VM 5259 Muyu hills forest - blue flowers.jpg
Hosta ventricosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp

Fragrant plantain lily Introduced,
No NY reports
Funkia babkowata Hosta plantaginea fruit.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-X






Images, wsp

Subamily Asparagoideae[edit]

The Asparagoideae (asparagus subfamily)...

Genus Asparagus[edit]

Asparagales — Asparagaceae — Asparagoideae — Asparagus
Asparagus Asparagus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Asparagus officinalis L.
1753. Asparagus officinalis ssp. officinalis
1753. Asparagus officinalis var. altilus L.
1783. Asparagus tenuifolius Lam.
1864. Asparagus altilus (L.) Asch.
Garden asparagus,
Common asparagus,
Asparagus
Asperge,
Asperge officinale
Introduced

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Spargelbeeren.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily Nolinoideae[edit]

The Nolinoideae subfamily...

Genus Convallaria[edit]

Asparagales — Asparagaceae — Nolinoideae — Convallaria
Convallaria Lily of the valley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. majuscula (Greene)
Gandhi, Reveal, and Zarucchi

1840. Convallaria montana Raf.
1908. Convallaria majuscula Greene
1964. Convallaria majalis
var. montana (Raf.) H.E.Ahles
2012. Convallaria majalis ssp. majuscula
American lily-of-the-valley Introduced,
N. America native
Convallaria majalis 0001.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Note: Gandhi[1]
 L.
ssp. majalis

1753. Convallaria majalis L.
European lily-of-the-valley
Muguet
Introduced Convallaria majalis 01 ies.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X


FNA 



Images, wsp

Genus Maianthemum[edit]

Maianthemum canadense Desf.
Canada mayflower

Asparagales — Asparagaceae — Nolinoideae — Maianthemum
Maianthemum Mayflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Desf.

1807. Maianthemum canadense Desf.
1814. Smilacina canadensis Pursh
1888. Unifolium canadense Greene
Canada May-flower,
Canadian May-lily,
Wild lily-of-the-valley,
False lily-of-the-valley,
Two-leaved Solomon’s-seal
Maïanthème du Canada
Native,
Secure
Canada Mayflower (3816399004).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can

FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(L.) Link
ssp. racemosum

1753. Convallaria racemosa L.
1807. Smilacina racemosa Desf.
1821. Maianthemum racemosum Link
1840. Vagnera retusa Raf.
1889. Unifolium racemosum (Britton
1893. Vagnera racemosa Morong
1903. Vagnera australis Rydb.
False Solomon’s-seal,
False spikenard,
Solomon’s-plume,
Feathery false lily of the valley
Smilacine à grappes
Native,
Secure
Maianthemum racemosum 10180.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 (L.) Link

1753. Convallaria stellata L.
1807. Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf.
1821. Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link
Starry Solomon's-seal,
Little false Solomon’s-seal,
Starflower Solomon’s-seal,
Starflower Solomon's-plume
Smilacine étoilée,
Maïanthème étoilé
Native,
Secure
Maianthemum stellatum - Star flowered Solomon's seal 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
(L.) Sloboda

1753. Convallaria trifolia
    Smilacina trifolia
    Tovaria trifolia
    Vagnera trifolia
1852. Maianthemum trifolium L
Three-leaved Solomon's-plume,
Threeleaf false lily of the valley,
Threeleaf false Solomon's seal,
Swamp false Solomon's seal
Smilacine trifoliée,
Smilacine à trois feuilles
Native,
Secure
Maianthemum trifolium WFNY-032A.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N






Images, wsp

Genus Polygonatum[edit]

Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott
Solomon’s seal

Asparagales — Asparagaceae — Nolinoideae — Polygonatum
PolygonatumMill. Solomon's-seal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Willd.) Pursh

1803. Convallaria pubescens Willd.
1814. P. pubescens (Willd.) Pursh
 auct. P. biflorum sensu Gray & Britton
Hairy Solomon’s seal,
Downy Solomon's-seal
Sceau-de-Salomon
  pubescent
Native, C:7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Polygonatum pubescens WFNY-021.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(Walter) Elliott
var. biflorum

1788. Convallaria biflora Walter
1817. Polygonatum biflorum Elliott
1917. P. biflorum var. hebetifolium
1927. P. hebetifolium (R.R. Gates) Bush
Giant Solomon’s seal,
Great Solomon’s seal,
Common Solomon's-seal,
Smooth Solomon’s seal,
King Solomon's-seal
Sceau-de-Salomon
  à deux fleurs
Native, C:7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Polygonatum biflorum 1392156.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(Walter) Elliott
var. commutatum (Schult.f.) Morong

1830. Convallaria commutata Schult.f.
1835. P. commutatum A.Dietr.
1894. P. biflorum var. commutatum
Large Solomon's-seal,
Giant Solomon’s seal,
Great Solomon’s seal
Sceau-de-Salomon géant,
Sceau-de-Salomon canaliculé
Native, C:5,
Unrankd

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Polygonatum biflorum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Polygonatum (excluded taxa) Solomon's-seal N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(Jacq.) Desf.

1775. Convallaria latifolia Jacq.
1797. Convallaria hirta Bosc ex Poir.
1807. P, latifolium (Jacq.) Desf.
1814. P. hirtum (Bosc ex Poir.) Pursh
1840. Sigillaria hirta (Bosc ex Poir.) Raf.
Broad-leaved Solomon's-seal
Broadleaf Solomon's-seal
Introduced from
 Europe,
N.Y. excluded,
Cultivated
Polygonatum latifolium sl1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

References[edit]