Flora of New York/Typhaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Xyridaceae

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Asparagales (3)
Amaryllidaceae & Asparagaceae
Flora of New York — Poales (1)
Typhaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Xyridaceae

Poales (2)
Juncaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Poales Small (1903)[1][2][3][4]
Poales
"bromeliads" 
Typhaceae

Sparganium spp. (7 bur-reeds)

Typha spp. (3 cattails)

Bromeliaceae (not in NY)

Rapateaceae (not in NY)

"xyrids" 

EriocaulaceaeEriocaulon spp. (2 pipeworts)

XyridaceaeXyris spp. (5 yellow-eyed grasses}

"cyperids" 

Mayacaceae (not in NY)

Thurniaceae (not in NY)

Juncaceae

Luzula spp. (8 wood rushes)

Juncus spp. (36 rushes)

Oreojuncus spp. (1 highland rush)

Cyperaceae

Mapanioideae (not in NY)

Cyperoideae (17 genera, 370 taxa in NY)

"restids" 

Restionaceae (not in NY)

"graminids" 

Flagellariaceae (not in NY)

Joinvilleaceae (not in NY)

Ecdeiocoleaceae (not in NY)

Poaceae (116 genera, 398 taxa in NY)




Family Typhaceae[edit | edit source]

The Typhaceae (cattail family) contains the genus Typha, which was the sole genus of the family until the APG III system added the genus Sparganium (bur-reeds) in 2009 by merging the closely-related Sparganiaceae family into Typhaceae.

Typha[edit | edit source]

Typha latifolia
Cattails, Typha spp., are wetland plants that are native to much of the world. Broad-leaved cattails (T. latifolia) are considered to be North American natives, while the native status of narrow-leaved cattails (T. angustifolia) in North America is in question.[1] In either case it is thought that narrowleaf cattails were introduced to most of inland New York from coastal regions, with the possible exception of central New York's inland salt marshes,[2] where some think that T. angustifolia may be native.[3]

The first record of T. angustifolia in North America is from northeast coastal regions in 1820, and it appears to have remained along the coast for the remainder of the 19th century. But by the end of the 20th century, it had migrated to the west coast, and as far south as Arkansas. Along its path, it seems to have preferred "early successional habitats with basic, calcareous, or somewhat salty soils."[4] It is thought that ditches along salted roadways may have helped facilitate the migration from coastal marshes.[5]


Poales — Typhaceae — Typha
Typha Cat-tail N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Typha latifolia L.
1808. Typha elatior Raf. (i)
1832. Typha crassa Raf.
1900. T. latifolia ssp. eulatifolia
1940. T. latifolia var. typica
Wide-leaved cattail,
Broad-leaved cattail,
Common cattail
Quenouille à feuilles larges,
Massette à larges feuilles,
Typha à feuilles larges
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Typha latifolia 7831.jpg
Typha latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
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 L.

1753. Typha angustifolia L.
1949. Typha foveolata Pobed.
1972. Typha pontica
V.M.Klokov & Krasnova
Narrowleaf cattail,
Narrow-leaved cattail
Quenouille à feuilles étroites,
Massette à feuilles étroites,
Typha à feuilles étroites
Native, CoC: 1,
Introduced,
WW

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Typha angustifolia 2-eheep (5097395935).jpg
Typha angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
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 Godr. (pro sp.)

Typha angustifolia ×
Typha latifolia

1844. Typha glauca Godr.
1886. T. latifolia var. elongata
1924. T. angustifolia var. elongata
Blue cattail,
Hybrid of
 narrow-leaved cattail &
 broad-leaved cattail
Quenouille glauque
Native,
Invasive

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Typha angustifolia3.JPG
Typha × glauca NY-dist-map.png
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Sparganium[edit | edit source]

Bur-reeds (Sparganium) were previously included alone in the family Sparganiaceae. They are perrenial aquatic plants that grow in shallow ponds, streams, and marshes.
Poales — Typhaceae — Sparganium
Sparganium Bur-reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Nutt.

1818. S. americanum Nutt.
American bur-reed,
American burreed
Rubanier d’Amérique
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium americanum NRCS-2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos

Images
Wikispecies
Rehmann

1778. S. simplex Huds. (i)
1871. S. emersum Rehmann
1909. S. acaule (Beeby) Rydb.
1909. S. chlorocarpum Rydb.
1922. S. chlorocarpum var. acaule
Unbranched bur-reed,
European bur-reed,
Simple-stemmed bur-reed,
Green-fruited burreed,
Emersed burreed
Rubanier à fruits verts,
Rubanier émergent,
Rubanier simple
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium.emersum.jpg
Nymap.svg
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USDA-NN
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Engelm. ex A. Gray

1856. S. eurycarpum
Engelm. ex A. Gray
1934. S. stoloniferum
(Graebn.) Buch.-Ham. ex Juz.
Large bur-reed,
Broadfruit bur-reed,
Great burreed,
Giant burreed
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganiumeurycarpum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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Wikispecies
(Engelm.) Morong

1867. Sparganium simplex
var. androcladum
1888. S. androcladum Morong
1907. S. lucidum Fernald & Eames
1907. S. americanum
var. androcladum
Branching bur-reed,
Branched burreed
Rubanier rameux
Native, CoC: 4,
Vulnerable

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
BB-0162 Sparganium androcladum.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
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Michx.

1803. S. angustifolium Michx.
1905. S. multipedunculatum Rydb.
1970. S. emersum
var. multipedunculatum
1978. S. emersum
var. angustifolium
Narrowleaf bur-reed,
Narrow-leaved bur-reed,
Floating bur-reed
Rubanier à feuilles étroites
Native, CoC: 6,
Vulnerable

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium angustifolium.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
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FNA
Tropicos

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Wikispecies
(Engelm. ex Morong) B.L.Rob.

1888. S. androcladum
var. fluctuans
1905. S. fluctuans
(Engelm. ex Morong) B.L.Rob.
Floating bur-reed
Rubanier flottant
Native, CoC: 7,
Vulnerable

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium fluctuans 5499164.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
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 L.

1753. Sparganium natans L.
1840. Sparganium minimum Wallr.
Small bur-reed,
Artic bur-reed
Rubanier nageant
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Small Bur-Reed (3818415894) 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
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Sparganium (excluded species) Bur-reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

    Sparganium erectum L.
    S. chlorocarpum Rydb.
    S. polyedrum
(Asch. & Graebn.) Juz.
    S. ramosum Huds.
Simplestem bur-reed,
Exotic bur-reed,
Branched bur-reed
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
N.Y. excluded
Pond in Jince (2).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN

Images
Wikispecies

Family Eriocaulaceae[edit | edit source]

The Eriocaulaceae (pipewort family).[1]

Subfamily Eriocauloideae[edit | edit source]

Eriocaulon[edit | edit source]

Poales — Eriocaulaceae — Eriocauloideae — Eriocaulon
Eriocaulon Pipewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Hill) Druce

1769. Cespa aquatica Hill
1776. Eriocaulon septangulare With.
1778. Nasmythia articulata Hudson
1803. Eriocaulon pellucidum Michx.
1833. Eriocaulon pumilum Raf.
1835. Nasmythia septangularis Mart.
1891. Eriocaulon articulatum Morong
1909. Eriocaulon aquaticum Druce
Sevenangle pipewort,
Seven-angled pipewort
Ériocaulon aquatique
Native, CoC: 10,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Eriocaulon aquaticum WFNY-006A.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
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 B.L.Rob.

1903. Eriocaulon parkeri B.L.Rob.
Parker's pipewort,
Estuary pipewort
Ériocaulon de Parker
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated,
Impersistent

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Eriocaulon parkeri.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
BONAP
CPC 
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Wikispecies
  1. Eriocaulaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Xyridaceae[edit | edit source]

The Xyridaceae (yellow-eyed grass family).[1]

Subfamily Xyridoideae[edit | edit source]

Xyris[edit | edit source]

Poales — Xyridaceae — Xyridoideae — Xyris
Xyris Yellow-eyed grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Ries

1868. Xyris flexuosa
var. pusilla A.Gray
1892. Xyris montana Ries
1937. Xyris papillosa Fassett
Northern yelloweyed grass,
Northern yellow-eyed grass
Xyris de montagne,
Xyris des montagnes
Native, CoC: 10,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris montana (7515297276).jpg
Nymap.svg
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 Chapm.
var. difformis

1860. Xyris difformis Chapm.
1860. Xyris elata Chapm.
1966. Xyris difformis
var. difformis [autonym]
 auct. Xyris caroliniananon Walter
Bog yellow-eyed grass,
Carolina yellow-eyed grass,
Southern yellow-eyed grass,
Tall yellow-eyed grass,
Two-formed yelloweyed-grass
Xyris difforme
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris difformis var difformis WFNY-002B.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
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 Sm.

1819. Xyris torta Sm.
1913. Kotsjelottia flexuosa Nieuwl.
1843. Xyris bulbosa Kunth
Twisted yellow-eyed-grass,
Slender yelloweyed-grass
Native, CoC: 10,
Vulnerable

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris torta (14718849831).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N0
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FNA
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 Nash

1847. Xyris caroliniana
var. olneyi Alph.Wood
1895. Xyris smalliana Nash
1905. Xyris congdonii Small
1937. Xyris smalliana var. olneyi
Gleason ex Malme
Small's yellow-eyed grass Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris smalliana.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
Go Botany
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FNA
Tropicos
NatureServe
BONAP

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Wikispecies
E.P.Bicknell ex L.M.Campb.

2011. Xyris bracteicaulis
E.P.Bicknell ex L.M.Campb.
    
    
Bracted yelloweyed grass Native, CoC: 10,
No recent reports,
Endemic

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris difformis (4729327757).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
BONAP

Images
Wikispecies
Note: [2]
Xyris (excluded species) Yellow-eyed grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Walter

1788. Xyris caroliniana Walter
1816. X. flexuosa Muhl. ex Elliott
1843. X. torta Kunth (i)
1871. X. conocephala C.Wright
1901. X. torta var. pallescens
1903. X. pallescens (C.Mohr) Small
1903. X. arenicola Small (i)
Carolina yelloweyed grass N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Xyris caroliniana BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0

Images
Wikispecies