# Chess Opening Theory/1. e4/1...e5/2. Nf3/2...Nc6/3. Bb5/3...Nf6

< Chess Opening Theory‎ | 1. e4‎ | 1...e5‎ | 2. Nf3‎ | 2...Nc6‎ | 3. Bb5(Redirected from Chess/Berlin Defence)
Ruy Lopez - Berlin Defence
 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN)

r1bqkb1r/pppp1ppp/2n2n2/1B2p3/4P3/5N2/PPPP1PPP/RNBQK2R

Moves: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6
ECO code: C65-C68
Parent: Ruy Lopez

# Ruy Lopez - Berlin Defence

The Berlin Defence is a common opening often played at grandmaster level. The move 3...Nf6 attacks the center and threatens the pawn on e4. The Berlin Defence also gets black ready to castle quicker than in the Morphy's Defence. When playing the Berlin Defence, black must keep in mind the threat on his c6 Knight. Therefore black must soon consider a way of negating the threat and defending e5 as the game transitions into the middle game.

## Theory table

For explanation of theory tables see theory table and for notation see algebraic notation

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6

4 5 6 7
Ruy Lopez O-O
Nxe4
d4
Nd6
Bxc6
dxc6
dxe5
Nf5
+=
d3
...
=
Four Knights Nc3
...
=
d4
...
=
Qe2
...
=
Other Bxc6
dxc6
0-0
Bd6
d4
Qe7
+=

## References

• Batsford Chess Openings 2 (1989, 1994). Garry Kasparov, Raymond Keene. ISBN 0-8050-3409-9.