From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search
II This is a Category II Language.

Bengali, or locally, Bangla (বাংলা), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly in Bangladesh and in the Indian states of West Bengal and Tripura by approximately 200 million people. After Hindi, Bengali is the second most spoken language in the Indian subcontinent, and among the top 10 most spoken languages in the world. The language has a rich literary heritage and underwent a renaissance in the late 19th century.


The examples of Bengali words, phrases, clauses and sentences used in this book are generally presented simultaneously in three written forms: one using the Bengali script, a transliterated version using Latin letters, and an English translation.

The Bengali-to-Latin transliteration scheme is the one followed in the English Wikipedia and can be seen here.

Table of Contents


  1. The origins of Bengali
  2. The present form of Bengali
  3. The Bengali abugida
  4. Conjunct consonants
  5. Differences in dialects


  1. Greetings
  2. Talking about oneself
  3. Asking questions
  4. Liking and disliking
  5. Shopping
  6. Staying at hotels
  7. Letters
  8. Traveling
  9. Staying well
  10. Emergencies
  11. Likes and dislikes


  1. Animals
  2. Birds
  3. Body parts
  4. Dressing
  5. Flowers
  6. Foods and drinks
  7. Fruits
  8. Housing
  9. Household objects
  10. Months
  11. Music and dance
  12. Numbers
  13. Plants
  14. Relations
  15. School
  16. Time and dates
  17. Tools
  18. Vegetables


  1. Common phrases
  2. Overview of grammar
    1. Sentence patterns
    2. Verbs
    3. Nouns
    4. Adjectives
    5. Postpositions
    6. Auxiliaries
  3. External references