Bengali/Sentence patterns

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In Bengali, a simple sentence is formed by an independent clause or principal clause.

Basic Structural Difference between Bengali and English

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Basic sentence pattern

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The basic sentence pattern in English is subject + verb + object (SVO), whereas in Bengali it is subject + object + verb (SOV). Example:
English: I (S) eat (V) rice (O).
Bengali: আমি (“I”) (S) ভাত (“rice”) (O) খাই (“eat”) (V).

Auxiliary verbs

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Auxiliary verbs are absent in Bengali. Example:
English: I (Pronoun) am (Auxiliary verb) reading (Main verb) a (Article) book (Noun).
Bengali: আমি (“I”, Pronoun) একটি (“a”, Article) বই (“book”, Noun) পড়ছি (“am reading”, Main verb).


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A preposition is a word placed before a noun, pronoun, or noun-equivalent to show its relation to another word in the sentence. In Bengali, bibhakti will be placed after the noun, pronoun, or noun-equivalent. Example:
English: The man sat on the chair.
Bengali: লোকটি চেয়ারটিতে বসল. Here 'তে (te)' is bibhakti