Flora of New York/Nymphaeales…Piperales

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search

Pinales
Flora of New York: Nymphaeales, Magnoliales, Laurales, Piperales
Acorales & Alismatales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Nymphaeales[edit]

The order Nymphaeales contains the aquatic plant families Hydatellaceae, Cabombaceae, and Nymphaeaceae. Only the latter two have taxa outside of cultivation in New York.

Family Cabombaceae[edit]

Two Cabombaceae (water-shield family) species are found in New York. One, Cabomba caroliniana, is a highly invasive exotic plant.

Subfamily Cabomboideae[edit]

Cabombaceaesubfam. Cabomboideae
Brasenia Brasenia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 J.F.Gmel.

1791. Brasenia schreberi  J.F.Gmel.
1803. Hydropeltis purpurea  Michx.
1814. Brasenia peltata  Pursh
1862. Cabomba peltata  F.Muell. nom. illeg.
1890. Brasenia purpurea  Casp.
Schreber's watershield,
Water-shield,
Purple wen-dock,
Water-target

Brasénie de Schreber
Native,
Secure
BraseniaAlt.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngBrasenia schreberi drawing.png
Brasenia schreberi NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Cabomba Fanwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 A.Gray

1837. Cabomba caroliniana  A.Gray
1903. C. caroliniana var. pulcherrima R.M.Harper
1953. C. pulcherrima  (R.M. Harper) Fassett
Carolina fanwort,
Fanwort,
Purple fanwort,
Carolina watershield,
Green cabomba

Cabomba de Caroline
Introduced from
 southeast US,
 South America,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 72%[1],
Prohibited[2]
Cabomba caroliniana leaves 2.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngCabomba caroliniana BB-1913.png
Cabomba caroliniana nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Family Nymphaeaceae[edit]

Six Nymphaeaceae (water-lily family) taxa in two genera are found in New York. All are native to the region and appear to be fairly secure.

Subfamily Nupharoideae[edit]

Genus Nuphar[edit]
Nymphaeaceaesubfam. Nupharoideaegenus Nuphar
Nuphar Pond-lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
ssp. advena

(=) Nuphar lutea ssp. advena
Broad-leaved yellow pond-lily,
Broad-leaved yellow cow-lily,
Broad-leaved spatterdock,
Broad-leaved bull-head lily
Native,
Secure
American Spatterdock.jpg
Nuphar advena ssp advena NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

(=) Nuphar microphylla
(=) Nuphar lutea ssp. pumila
Small yellow pond-lily,
Small yellow cow-lily,
Dwarf spatterdock
Native,
Secure
Nuphar pumilum2.jpg
Nuphar pumila NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

(=) Nuphar lutea ssp. variegata
(=) Nuphar fraterna
(=) Nymphaea americana
(=) Nymphaea fraterna
Common yellow pond-lily,
Common cow-lily,
Common spatterdock,
Northern yellow pond-lily
Native,
Secure
Nuphar variegatum.jpg
Nuphar variegata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Nuphar pumila ×
Nuphar variegata

(=) Nuphar lutea ssp. rubrodisca
Hybrid yellow pond-lily,
Peck's yellow pond-lily
Native,
Likely secure
Nuphar topView DSCN9622.JPG
Nuphar × rubrodisca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Subfamily Nymphaeoideae[edit]

Tribe Nymphaeeae[edit]
Genus Nymphaea[edit]
Nymphaeaceaesubfam. Nymphaeoideaetribe Nymphaeeaesubtr. Nymphaeinaegenus Nymphaea
Nymphaea Waterlily N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
ssp. odorata

1789. Nymphaea odorata  Aiton
1806. Castalia odorata  (Aiton) Wood
White water-lily,
American white water-lily,
Fragrant water-lily,
Sweet-scented white water-lily,
Pond-lily,
Great white water-lily
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Forb-herb
Nymphaea odorata0.jpg
Nymphaea odorata ssp odorata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N

ARS 



Images, wsp
ssp. tuberosa

1994. Nymphaea odorata ssp. tuberosa
Tuberous white water-lily,
Large white water-lily,
American white waterlily
Native,
Likely secure
Nymphaea odorata (2).jpg
Nymphaea odorata ssp tuberosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5?
USDA-N

ARS 



Images, wsp

Order Magnoliales[edit]

The order Magnoliales...

Family Magnoliaceae[edit]

The Magnoliaceae (magnolia family)

Subfamily Magnolioideae[edit]

Genus Magnolia[edit]
Magnoliaceaesubfam. Magnolioideae
Magnolia Magnolia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.
Cucumber tree,
Mountain magnolia,
Cucumber magnolia
Native,
Secure
Magnolia Accuminata (Ausschnitt) am Eingangstor zum Schloss Fürstenried (München).JPG
Magnolia acuminata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
var. virginiana
Sweet-bay,
Northern sweet-bay,
Swamp-bay,
Magnolia-bay,
Laurel-magnolia,
Beaver-tree
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]
Sweetbay Magnolia Magnolia virginiana Flowers 2816px.jpg
Magnolia virginiana var virginiana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
Umbrella-tree,
Umbrella magnolia
Introduced,
US South native
Magnolia tripetala-IMG 4377.jpg
Magnolia tripetala NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NEW 




Images, wsp
 Walter
Fraser magnolia,
Mountain magnolia
Introduced,
US South native
Magnoliafraseri rt1.jpg
Magnolia fraseri NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Michx.
Big-leaved magnolia Introduced,
US South native
M.macrophylla var. ashei 200706.jpg
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp

Subfamily Liriodendroideae[edit]

Genus Liriodendron[edit]
Magnoliaceaesubfam. Liriodendroideaegenus Liriodendron
Liriodendron Tulip tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Tulip tree,
Tulip poplar,
Yellow poplar
Native,
Secure
Liriodendron tulipifera.jpg
Liriodendron tulipifera NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-N





Images, wsp

Family Annonaceae[edit]

The Annonaceae (paw paw family)

Subfamily Annonoideae[edit]

Tribe Uvarieae[edit]
Genus Asimina[edit]
Annonaceaesubfam. Annonoideaetribe Uvarieaegenus Asimina
Asimina Pawpaw N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Dunal

Uvaria triloba
Pawpaw Native,
Threatened
Asimina triloba0.jpg
Asimina triloba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-N





Images, wsp

Order Laurales[edit]

The order Laurales ..

Family Calycanthaceae[edit]

The Calycanthaceae (strawberry-shrub family) ...

Calycanthaceaesubfam. Calycanthoideae
Calycanthus Sweet-shrub N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
var. floridus
Eastern sweetshrub,
Hairy sweet-shrub,
Hairy strawberry bush,
Hariy bubby-bush,
Hairy Carolina-allspice
Introduced from
 southeast US,
US South native
Calycanthus floridus - sweet shrub - desc-flower.jpg
Calycanthus floridus var floridus nymap.svg
NYFA-X0
USDA-N

ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.
var. glaucus (Willd.) Torr. & A.Gray
Eastern sweetshrub,
Smooth sweet-shrub,
Smooth strawberry bush,
Smooth bubby-bush,
Smooth Carolina-allspice
Introduced from
 southeast US,
US South native
Calycanthus floridus.jpg
Calycanthus floridus var glaucus nymap.svg
NYFA-X0
USDA-N

ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Family Lauraceae[edit]

The Lauraceae (laurel family)

Lauraceaesubfam. Lauroideae
Lindera Spicebush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Benzoin aestivale
Benzoin odoriferum
Spicebush,
Benzoin-bush,
Benjamin-bush,
Fever-bush,
Wild allspice
Native,
Secure
Lindera benzoin 4781.JPG
Lindera benzoin NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Sassafras Sassafras N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

S. officinarum
S. Sassafras
S. variifolium
Sassafras,
Ague tree
Native,
Secure
Sassafras Sassafras albidum Leaf 2505px.jpg
Sassafras albidum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-N
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Persea Red bay N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Avocado Introduced,
Impersistent
Avocado fruitnfoliage.jpg
Persea americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Order Piperales[edit]

The order Piperales

Family Saururaceae[edit]

The Saururaceae (family)

Saururaceae
Saururus Lizard's tail N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Lizard's tail,
Water-dragon,
Swamp root
Native,
Secure
Saururus cernuus 002.JPG
Saururus cernuus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Family Aristolochiaceae[edit]

The Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort family)

Subfamily Asaroideae[edit]

Tribe Asareae[edit]
Genus Asarum[edit]
Aristolochiaceaesubfam. Asaroideaetribe Asareaegenus Asarum
Asarum Wild ginger N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

A. acuminatum (Ashe) E.P.Bicknell
A. reflexum E.P.Bicknell
Canadian wildginger,
Wild ginger,
Asarabacca
Native,
Secure
Asarum canadense.jpg
Asarum canadense NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Hexastylis[edit]
Aristolochiaceaesubfam. Asaroideaetribe Asareaegenus Hexastylis
HexastylisRaf. Heartleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
(Britten & Baker f.) Small
var. shuttleworthii

Asarum shuttleworthii Britten & Baker f.
Largeflower heartleaf Introduced,
US South native
Hexastylis shuttleworthii BB-1913.png
Hexastylis shuttleworthii var shuttleworthii NY-dist-map.png

USDA-N0





Images, wsp

Subfamily Aristolochioideae[edit]

Tribe Aristolochieae[edit]
Genus Endodeca[edit]
Aristolochiaceaesubfam. Aristolochioideaetribe Aristolochieaegenus Endodeca
EndodecaRaf. Snakeroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Raf.

1753. Aristolochia serpentaria  L.
1818. Aristolochia hastata  Nutt.
1828. Endodeca serpentaria  Raf.
1894. Aristolochia nashii  Kearney
1897. Aristolochia convolvulacea  Small
Snakeroot,
Serpentary,
Virginia snakeroot,
Virginia serpentary
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]
Aristolochia serpentaria drawing.png
Endodeca serpentaria nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 

Note [2]
Images, wsp
  1. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2013. Online Conservation Guide for Endodeca serpentaria. Endangered, S2/G4.
  2. The New York Flora Atlas segregates Isotrema macrophyllum, Isotrema tomentosum, and Endodeca serpentaria from Aristolochia into Isotrema and Endodeca, respectively, while other sources, as of yet, have left them in Aristolochia.
Genus Isotrema[edit]
Aristolochiaceaesubfam. Aristolochioideaetribe Aristolochieaegenus Isotrema
IsotremaRaf. Pipevine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Lam.) C.F. Reed

1783. Aristolochia macrophylla  Lam.
1822. Hocquartia macrophylla  Dumort.
1965. Isotrema macrophyllum  C.F.Reed
auct.. Aristolochia durior  non. Hill
Dutchman's-pipe,
Largeleaf dutchman's-pipe,
Pipevine
Introduced,
US South native,
(PA to GA native)
PodražecVelkolistýMosėdis.jpg
Isotrema macrophyllum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-N
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA 
Note [1]
Images, wsp
(Sims) H.Huber 1960

1811. Aristolochia tomentosa Sims
1960. Isotrema tomentosum H.Huber
Woolly Dutchman's-pipe,
Wooly pipevine,
Common Dutchman's-pipe
Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent
AristolochiaTomentosa.jpg
Isotrema tomentosum nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA 
Note [1]
Images, wsp
  1. a b The New York Flora Atlas segregates Isotrema macrophyllum, Isotrema tomentosum, and Endodeca serpentaria from Aristolochia into Isotrema and Endodeca, respectively, while other sources, as of yet, have left them in Aristolochia.
Genus Aristolochia[edit]
Aristolochiaceaesubfam. Aristolochioideaetribe Aristolochieaegenus Aristolochia
Aristolochia Birthwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Aristolochia clematitis  L.
Birthwort,
Heartwort

Aristoloche clématite,
Sarrasine
Introduced from
 Eurasia
20120624Oftersheimer Duenen073.jpg
Aristolochia clematitis nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp