Flora of New York/Cichorioideae

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Carduoideae
Flora of New York: Cichorioideae
Senecioneae, Calenduleae, Gnaphalieae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Asteraceae (cont'd)[edit]

Subfamily Cichorioideae[edit]

Tribe Cichorieae[edit]

Subtribe Scorzonerinae[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorioideae – tribe Cichorieae – subtr. Scorzonerinae
Tragopogon Goat's beard / Salsify N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L. 1753

1753. T. orientalis L.
1882. T. lamottei Rouy[1]
Meadow salsify,
Meadow goat's-beard,
Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon,
Salsifis des prés
Introduced
Tragopogon pratensis bloem2.jpg
Tragopogon pratensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 L. 1753
Salsify,
Purple salsify,
Purple goat's-beard,
Vegetable oyster,
Salsifis cultivé,
Salsifis blanc
Introduced
Tragopogon porrifolius 4.jpg
Tragopogon porrifolius NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 Scop. 1772

1773. T. major Jacq.
1931. T. dubius ssp. campestris
1989. T. dubius var. major
Yellow salsify,
Salsifis majeur
Introduced
Tragopogon dubius (5090769401).jpg
Tragopogon dubius NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Farw. 1930
[ porrifolius × pratensis ]
Goat's-beard,
Newhybrid salsify,
Hybrid meadow salsify
    & purple salsify
Introduced
Tragopogon porrifolius - Stierch.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngფამფარა Tragopogon pratensis , Meadow Salsifay.JPG
Tragopogon × neohybridus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ITIS


Images
  1. NYFA finds T. lamottei to be a distinct species, not found in New York, while NRCS gives T. lamottei as the accepted name for T. pratensis. Other sources treat T. lamottei as a synonym of T. pratensis.
Subtribe Scolyminae[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorioideae – tribe Cichorieae – subtr. Scolyminae
Scolymus Golden thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L. (1753)

 (=) S. grandiflorus Desf. 
Common goldenthistle,
Spanish oyster-plant
Introduced,
Impersistent
Chardon inconnu.jpg
Scolymus hispanicus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-X0




Images
Subtribe Lactucinae[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorioideae – tribe Cichorieae – subtr. Lactucinae
Lactuca Lettuce N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 (Moench) Fernald
Tall blue lettuce Native,
Secure
Lactuca biennis BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L.
Canada lettuce Native,
Secure
Lactuca canadensis (3362991782).jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
B.L.Rob. (pro sp.)
[ biennis × canadensis ]
Wild lettuce Native,
Unranked
Lactuca biennis BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngLactuca canadensis BB-1913-1.png
Lactuca × morssii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U
NRCS-N0




Images
 (L.) Gaertn.
Woodland lettuce Native,
Endangered
Lactuca floridana BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
 Muhl. ex Nutt.
Hairy lettuce Native,
Endangered
Lactuca hirsuta BB-1913.png
Lactuca hirsuta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
 L.
Willow-leaved lettuce Introduced
Lactuca saligna flor-1.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 L. (1753)
Garden lettuce Introduced
Eisbergsalat Setzlinge.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XW

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
Prickly lettuce Introduced
Lactuca serriola (4971637860).jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 (L.) C.A.Mey.
var. pulchella
Blue lettuce Introduced
Lactuca tatarica var pulchella BB-1913.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN




Images
MycelisCass. Blue sow thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution Refs.[1]
 (L.) Dumort. (1827)

 (=) Cicerbita muralis (L.) Wallr. (1822) 
 (=) Lactuca muralis (L.) Gaertn. (1791) 
 (=) Prenanthes muralis L. (1753) 
Wall lettuce Introduced
Mycelis muralis.jpeg
Mycelis muralis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX
GRIN-Cicerbita
ITIS-Mycelis




Images
Subtribe Hyoseridinae[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorioideae – tribe Cichorieae – subtr. Hyoseridinae
Sonchus Sow thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.
ssp. arvensis
Field sowthistle Introduced
20121005Leopoldswiesen6.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 L.
ssp. uliginosus (M. Bieb.) Nyman
Moist sowthistle Introduced
20121007Gaensedistel Reilingen3.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 (L.) Hill

 (=) Sonchus nymanii Tineo & Guss. 
Spiny sowthistle,
Spiny-leaved sowthistle
Introduced
Sonchus asper (4971086051).jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 L.
Common sowthistle Introduced
Melkdistel bloem.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 L.
Slender sowthistle Introduced
Lletsó Sonchus tenerrimus.JPG
Sonchus tenerrimus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
Subtribe Crepidinae[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorioideae – tribe Cichorieae – subtr. Crepidinae
Ixeris Ixeris N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 A.Gray
Creeping lettuce Introduced,
Impersistent
Ixeris stolonifera 10.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
Taraxacum Dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Willd.) DC.
 (=) Leontodon erythrospermum  
 (=) T. disseminatum 
 (=) T. erythrospermum 
 (=) T. lacistophyllum 
 (=) T. scanicum 
Red-seeded dandelion Introduced
Taraxacum laevigatum Enfoque 2012-4-22 SierraMadrona.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 F.H.Wigg.
ssp. officinale
Common dandelion Introduced,
Widespread weed
Taraxacum officinale 01.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-MM




Images
(Lyons) Symons

 (=) Leontodon palustris 
 (=) Taraxacum turfosum 
Marsh dandelion Introduced
Taraxacum palustre, Flora Danica 1708.png
Taraxacum palustre NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Crepis Hawksbeard N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.
Rough hawksbeard,
Rough hawk's-beard
Introduced
Crepis biennis (Wiesen-Pippau) IMG 22243.JPG
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 (L.) Wallr.
Smooth hawksbeard,
Smooth hawk's-beard
Introduced
Crepis capillaris by Danny S. - 005.jpg
Crepis capillaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 Haller f.
Bristly hawksbeard,
Bristly hawk's-beard
Introduced
Crepis setosa 2.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
 L.
Narrowleaf hawksbeard,
Narrow-leaved hawk's-beard
Introduced
Liiv-koeratubakas (Crepis tectorum).jpg
Crepis tectorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XW




Images
 L.
ssp. taraxacifolia
Beaked hawksbeard,
Beaked hawk's-beard
Introduced,
Impersistent
Crepis vesicaria Habitus 2010-5-08 DehesaBoyaldePuertollano.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngCrepis virens — Flora Batava — Volume v12.jpg

NRCS-XX




Images
Lapsana Nipplewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Common nipplewort Introduced
Starr 020808-0047 Lapsana communis.jpg
Lapsana communis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Subtribe Chondrillinae[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorioideae – tribe Cichorieae – subtr. Chondrillinae
Chondrilla Chondrilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Rush skeletonweed Introduced,
Noxious weed US west
Chondrilla juncea IP0608233.jpg
Chondrilla juncea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Subtribe Hypochaeridinae[edit]
Native Hypochaeridinae[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorioideae – tribe Cichorieae – subtr. Hypochaeridinae
Prenanthes Rattlesnakeroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 L.

 (=) Nabalus albus (L.) Hook. 
White rattlesnakeroot,
White rattlesnake-root,
Prenanthe blanche
Native,
Secure
Prenanthes alba BB-1913-1.png
Prenanthes alba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images

 (=) Nabalus altissimus 
Tall rattlesnakeroot,
Tall rattlesnake-root
Native,
Secure
Prenanthes altissima BB-1913.png
Prenanthes altissima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
(Cass.) Fernald

 (=) Nabalus trifoliolatus 
 (=) Prenanthes nana 
Threeleaf rattlesnake-root Native,
Secure
Prenanthes trifoliolata BB-1913.png
Prenanthes trifoliolata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
Pursh (1813)

 (=) Nabalus integrifolius Cass. 
 (=) Nabalus serpentarius (Pursh) Hook. 
 (=) Nabalus fraseri DC. 
 (=) P. integrifolia (Cass.) Small 
Lion's-foot,
Cankerweed,
Gall-of-the-earth,
Butterweed
Native,
Vulnerable
Prenanthes serpentaria BB-1913.png
Prenanthes serpentaria NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images

 (=) Nabalus boottii 
Alpine rattlesnakeroot,
Boott's rattlesnake-root
Native,
Endangered
Prenanthes boottii BB-1913.png
Prenanthes boottii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images

 (=) Nabalus crepidineus 
Nodding rattlesnakeroot,
Nodding rattlesnake-root
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Prenanthes crepidinea BB-1913.png
Prenanthes crepidinea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
NRCS-N0




Images
Michx.
ssp. racemosa

 (=) Nabalus racemosus 
Purple rattlesnake-root Native,
Extirpated
Prenanthes racemosa racemosa BB-1913.png
Prenanthes racemosa ssp racemosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-NN

ITIS


Images
A.Gray (pro sp.)
[ racemosa × trifoliolata ]
Rattlesnake-root Native,
No recent reports
Prenanthes racemosa racemosa BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngPrenanthes trifoliolata BB-1913.png
Prenanthes × mainensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
NRCS-




Images
Exotic Hypochaeridinae[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorioideae – tribe Cichorieae – subtr. Hypochaeridinae
Hypochaeris Cat's ear N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
Hairy cat's ear Introduced
Cat's-ear (Hypochaeris radicata).jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
 L.
Smooth cat's ear Introduced,
No specimens
Hypochaeris glabra Sturm40.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngHypochaerisGlabra.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Helminthotheca Ox-tongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Holub

 (=) Picris echioides L. 
Bristly oxtongue Introduced
BristlyOxtongue (Picris echioides).jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Picris Ox-tongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Hawkweed oxtongue Introduced
Picris hieracioides 1.jpg
Picris hieracioides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-MX




Images
Leontodon Hawkbit N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L. (1753)

 (=) Apargia autumnalis (L.) Hoffm. 
 (=) Scorzoneroides autumnalis (L.) Moench 
Autumn hawkbit,
Fall hawkbit,
Fall dandelion
Introduced
Leontodon autumnalis detail.jpeg
Leontodon autumnalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 L. (1753)
ssp. danubialis (Jacq.) Simonkai

 (=) L. danubialis Jacq. 
 (=) L. hispidus var. glabratus 
 (=) L. hastilis L. 
 (=) L. hastilis var. glabratus 
Common hawkbit,
Bristly hawkbit
Introduced
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
 L. (1753)
ssp. hispidus
Common hawkbit,
Bristly hawkbit,
Rough hawkbit
Introduced
Leontodon hispidus Inflorescencia 2010-5-08 DehesaBoyaldePuertollano.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 

Images
ssp. saxatilis
Lesser hawkbit Introduced





Images
Subtribe Hieraciinae[edit]
Genus Hieracium[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorieae – tribe Hieraciinae – subtr. Hieracium
Hieracium Hawkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
Rough hawkweed Native,
Secure
Hieracium-scabrum03.jpg
Hieracium scabrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
Panicled hawkweed,
Allegheny hawkweed
Native,
Secure
Hieracium-paniculatum03.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngHieracium-paniculatum04.jpg
Hieracium paniculatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
Rattlesnake hawkweed Native,
Secure
Hieracium venosum leaves.jpg
Hieracium venosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 (=) H. canadense  
 (=) H. columbianum 
 (=) H. scabriusculum 
Canada hawkweed,
Canadian hawkweed,
Kalm's hawkweed,
Narrowleaf hawkweed
Native,
Likely secure
Hieracium umbellatum Sarjakeltano C H8009.jpg
Hieracium umbellatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
Hairy hawkweed,
Queen-devil,
Gronovius' hawkweed
Native,
Likely secure
Hieracium-gronovii03.jpg
Hieracium gronovii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN
IW




Images
Maryland hawkweed Native,
Threatened
Hieracium marianum BB-1913.png
Hieracium marianum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2?
NRCS-NN




Images
Common hawkweed Introduced,
N. America native
Hieracium lachenalii a2.jpg
Hieracium lachenalii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XN




Images
Wall hawkweed Introduced
Hieracium murorum 2006.05.14 13.27.21-p5140150.jpg
Hieracium murorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
New England hawkweed Introduced
Hieracium sabaudum flower head.jpg
Hieracium sabaudum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Genus Pilosella[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorioideae – tribe Cichorieae – subtribe Hieraciinae – genus Pilosella
Pilosella Hawkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
 (=) Hieracium aurantiacum  
Orange hawkweed,
Devil's-paintbrush
Introduced,
Invasive
Hieracium aurantiacum Oranje havikskruid 01.JPG
Pilosella aurantiaca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X




Images
 (=) Hieracium caespitosum  
 (=) Hieracium pratense 
Yellow Hawkweed Introduced
Yellow Hawkweed.jpg
Pilosella caespitosa NY-dist-map.png





Images
Hawkweed Introduced





Images
Hawkweed Introduced
Pilosella flagellaris NY-dist-map.png





Images
European hawkweed Introduced





Images
Mouse-ear hawkweed Introduced
Hieracium pilosella (Mouse-ear).jpg
Pilosella officinarum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-X




Images
Kingdevil Introduced





Images
Hawkweed Introduced





Images
Hawkweed Introduced





Images
 (=) Hieracium × floribundum  
 (=) Hieracium × dorei 
 (=) Hieracium auricula 
Meadow hawkweed,
Yellow hawkweed,
Yellow devil hawkweed
Introduced
Pilosella × floribunda NY-dist-map.png





Images
Subtribe Microseridinae[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorioideae – tribe Cichorieae – subtr. Microseridinae
Krigia Dwarf dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 (Walter) S.F.Blake
Twoflower dwarfdandelion,
Two-flowered dwarf dandelion
Native,
Likely secure
Krigiabiflora.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngKrigia biflora.jpg
Krigia biflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
 (L.) Willd.
Virginia dwarf-dandelion Native,
Likely secure
Krigia virginica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NX




Images
(Raf.) K.L.Chambers
var. cespitosa
Common dwarf-dandelion,
Weedy dwarf-dandelion
Introduced,
US South native,
No specimens
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-N0




Images
Stephanomeria Wire lettuce N.Y. Status Images Distribution n
 Nutt.
ssp. exigua
Small wirelettuce Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Stephanomeria exigua ssp exigua 2.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngStephanomeria exigua ssp exigua 10.jpg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-N0




Images
Subtribe Cichoriinae[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorioideae – tribe Cichorieae – subtr. Cichoriinae
Cichorium Chicory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Blue sailors,
Chicory,
Coffeeweed,
Succory
Introduced,
Invasive
Chicory (Cichorium intybus).JPG
Cichorium intybus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Arnoseris Arnoseris N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
 (=) Hyoseris minima  
Lamb's succory,
Lamb's lettuce
Introduced
546 Arnoseris minima.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngArnoseris minima kz3.jpg
Arnoseris minima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images

Tribe Vernonieae[edit]

Subtribe Vernoniineae[edit]
Asteraceae – subfam. Cichorioideae – tribe Vernonieae – subtr. Vernoniineae
Vernonia Ironweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(L.) Michx. (1803)

 (=) Vernonia harperi Gleason 
New York ironweed Native,
Likely secure
Vernonia noveboracensis 1.JPG
NYFA-4
NRCS-N0




Images
(Walter) Trel. (1891)
ssp. gigantea

 (=) Vernonia altissima Nutt. 
Giant ironweed Native,
Endangered
Vernonia-gigantea.jpg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
 DC.
Arkansas ironweed Introduced,
N. America native
Vernonia arkansana BB-1913.png
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-NN




Images
 Michx.
Fascicled ironweed,
Prairie ironweed
Introduced,
N. America native
Vernonia fasciculata.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngVernonia fasciculata seed head.jpg
NYFA-Xm
NRCS-




Images