Canadian Criminal Sentencing/Offences/Unauthorized Possession of a Firearm

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Unauthorized Possession of a Firearm
s. 91 of the Crim. Code
Election / Plea
Crown Election Hybrid
Jurisdiction Prov. Court
SC Judge + PI (I)
SC Jury + PI (I) (536(2))
Summary Dispositions
Avail. Disp. Discharge (730)

Suspended Sentence (731(1)(a))
Fine (734)
Fine + Probation (731(1)(b))
Jail (718.3, 787)
Jail + Probation (731(1)(b))
Jail + Fine (734)

Conditional Sentence (742.1)
Maximum 6 months jail or $5,000 fine
Indictable Dispositions
Avail. Disp. same as summary
Maximum 5 years
References
Offence Elements
Sentence Principles
Sentence Digests

Legislation[edit]

Unauthorized possession of firearm
91.
...
Punishment
(3) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1) or (2)

(a) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years; or
(b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

...
R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 91; 1991, c. 28, s. 7, c. 40, ss. 5, 36; 1995, c. 22, s. 10, c. 39, s. 139; 2008, c. 6, s. 4; 2012, c. 6, s. 2.


CCC

Application[edit]

Principles[edit]

Factors[edit]

Ancillary Orders[edit]

  • Weapons Prohibition
  • Forfeiture of weapon (if seized by police)
  • DNA Order

Recommended Probationary Terms[edit]

  • no possession of weapons, explosives or ammunition

Case Digests[edit]

  • R v Trecartin, 2012 NBQB 162 - 12 months - found in possession of a shotgun, handgun, and assault rifle--guns found locked away
  • R. v. Veranski, 2010 BCCA 211 -- 21 month CSO -- 9 mm CA semi automatic pistol; 38 years old; no criminal record--arrested carrygin a bag with a firearm--ammo in the magazine and chamber