Canadian Criminal Law/Offences/Unauthorized Possession of a Firearm

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Unauthorized Possession of a Firearm
s. 91 of the Crim. Code
Election / Plea
Crown Election Hybrid
Jurisdiction Prov. Court
SC Judge + PI (I)
SC Jury + PI (I) (536(2))
Summary Dispositions
Avail. Disp. Discharge (730)

Suspended Sentence (731(1)(a))
Fine (734)
Fine + Probation (731(1)(b))
Jail (718.3, 787)
Jail + Probation (731(1)(b))
Jail + Fine (734)

Conditional Sentence (742.1)
Maximum 6 months jail or $5,000 fine
Indictable Dispositions
Avail. Disp. same as summary
Maximum 5 years
References
Offence Elements
Sentence Principles
Sentence Digests

Legislation[edit]

Unauthorized possession of firearm
91. (1) Subject to subsection (4), every person commits an offence who possesses a firearm without being the holder of

(a) a licence under which the person may possess it; and
(b) in the case of a prohibited firearm or a restricted firearm, a registration certificate for it.

Unauthorized possession of prohibited weapon or restricted weapon
(2) Subject to subsection (4), every person commits an offence who possesses a prohibited weapon, a restricted weapon, a prohibited device, other than a replica firearm, or any prohibited ammunition, without being the holder of a licence under which the person may possess it.
...

Exceptions
(4) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to

(a) a person who possesses a firearm, a prohibited weapon, a restricted weapon, a prohibited device or any prohibited ammunition while the person is under the direct and immediate supervision of a person who may lawfully possess it, for the purpose of using it in a manner in which the supervising person may lawfully use it; or
(b) a person who comes into possession of a firearm, a prohibited weapon, a restricted weapon, a prohibited device or any prohibited ammunition by the operation of law and who, within a reasonable period after acquiring possession of it,
(i) lawfully disposes of it, or
(ii) obtains a licence under which the person may possess it and, in the case of a prohibited firearm or a restricted firearm, a registration certificate for it.

...

R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 91; 1991, c. 28, s. 7, c. 40, ss. 5, 36; 1995, c. 22, s. 10, c. 39, s. 139; 2008, c. 6, s. 4; 2012, c. 6, s. 2.


CCC

Proof of Offence[edit]

Unauthorized possession of firearm[edit]

  1. time and date of the offence
  2. jurisdiction of the offence
  3. identity of the accused
  4. the accused possessed an object
  5. the object is a firearm
  6. the accused does not hold a licence to possess it
  7. if firearm is restricted or prohibited, the accused does not hold a registration certificate.

Unauthorized possession of prohibited weapon or restricted weapon[edit]

  1. time and date of the offence
  2. jurisdiction of the offence
  3. identity of the accused
  4. the accused possessed an object
  5. the object is:
    1. prohibited weapon,
    2. a restricted weapon,
    3. a prohibited device, other than a replica firearm, or
    4. prohibited ammunition
  6. the accused does not hold a licence to possess it

Interpretation[edit]