Canadian Criminal Sentencing/Appendix/Offence Charts

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This chart currently does not include all changes to offences that occurred during 2012.

Violence-related offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable)
Causing a Disturbance 175 Summary Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 18 months jail or $5,000 fine N/A
Criminal Harassment 264 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail
Threat to cause harm or death 264.1 (1)(a) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 18 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail
Threat to cause damage property or injure animal 264.1(1)(b),(c) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Assault 266 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail
Assault with a weapon 267(1)(a) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 18 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years jail
Assault causing bodily harm 267(1)(b) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 18 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years jail
Aggravated Assault 268 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail
Assault Peace Officer 270 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail

Theft-related offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable)
Theft under $5,000 334(b) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Theft over $5,000 334(a) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 10 years jail
Possession stolen prop. under $5,000 355(b) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Possession stolen prop. over $5,000 355(a) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 10 years jail
Fraud under $5,000 380(1)(b) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Fraud over $5,000 380(1)(a) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail

Property damage Offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Mischief under $5,000 430(4) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Mischief over $5,000 430(3) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years jail
Arson (disregard for human life) 433 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A life 109(1)(d) / 491 110(1)(b) / 462.37 / 486(4.1) / 738 / SDO
Arson (damage to property) 434 / 434.1 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail 109(1)(d) / 491 110(1)(b) / 462.37 / 486(4.1) / 738 / SDO
Arson (fraudulent purpose) 435 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 10 years jail
Arson (negligence) 436(1) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 5 years jail
Possession of Incendiary Materials 436.1 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 5 years jail

Break and Enter[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Break and enter with intent (dwelling) 348 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A life 109 / 491 SDO
Break and enter with intent (not dwelling) 348 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years N/A SDO
Being unlawfully in a dwelling-house 349 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years
Possession of Break-in Instruments 351 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 10 years

Robbery[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable)
Robbery (with firearm) 344(a) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 4 years N/A life
Robbery 344(b) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A life

Weapons Offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Unsafe storage of a firearm 86 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail (1st offence)
5 years jail (subsequent)
109; 491 110; 738
Pointing a firearm 87 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail 109(1)(d); 491 110; 486(4.1)
Possession of a weapon for a dangerous purpose 88 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years jail s.109 (if on prohibition at the time) / s.491 s.110
Carrying concealed weapon 90 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail s.109 (if on prohibition at the time) / s.491 s.110
Unauthorized possession of firearm 91 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail 109(1)(d); 491 110; 486(4.1)
Possn. of firearm knowing possn. unauthorized 92 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Possn. of restricted weapon with ammunition 95 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 3 years jail (1st); 5 years jail (2nd) (by indictment) 12 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years jail

Sexual Offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Sexual Interference 151 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 15 days jail (summ.) or 45 days jail (Indic.) 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 14 years jail SOIRA (10 Summ./20 Indict.) ...
Making Child Pornography 163.1(2) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 90 days (S) / 1 year (I) 18 months 10 years SOIRA (10 Summ./20 Indict.)
Distribution of Child Pornography 163.1(3) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 90 days (S) / 1 year (I) 18 months 10 years SOIRA (10 Summ./20 Indict.)
Possession of Child Pornography 163.1(4) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 14 days (S) / 45 days (I) 18 months 5 years SOIRA (10 Summ./20 Indict.)
Accessing of Child Pornography 163.1(4.1) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 14 days (S) / 45 days (I) 18 months 5 years SOIRA (10 Summ./20 Indict.)
Child Luring 172.1 Hybrid Dis* / SS* / F* / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO* [limited] 90 days (S) / 1 year (I) 18 months 10 years SOIRA (10 Summ./20 Indict.); forfeiture (164.1); DNA (primary); 161 Order
Indecent Act 173 Summary Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine N/A SOIRA (10yrs)...
Sexual Assault 271 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 18 months jail / $2,000 fine 10 years jail SOIRA (10yrs Summ. / 20yrs Indict.) ...
Sexual Assault with a weapon 272(1) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail
Sexual Assault with a weapon (firearm) 272(1) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 4 years jail N/A 14 years jail SOIRA (20yrs) ...
Aggravated Sexual Assault 273 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A Life SOIRA (life) ...
Aggravated Sexual Assault (with Weapon) 273(1), 273(2)(a) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 4 years jail N/A Life SOIRA (life)

Motor Vehicle Offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Dangerous Driving (no injury) 249(1) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail
Dangerous Driving (injury) 249(3) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 10 years jail
Flight from Police 249.1 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail
Driving while Impaired and Over 80 /
Driving while BAC over 80mg
253(a) / 253(b) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO $1,000 fine (1st time) / 30 days jail (2nd time) / 120 days jail (3rd time) 18 months jail 5 years jail
Refusal or failure to provide a breath/blood sample 254(5) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO $1,000 fine (1st time) / 30 days jail (2nd time) / 120 days jail (3rd time) 18 months jail 5 years jail
Driving while disqualified 259(4) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail

Administration of Justice Offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Breach of Release conditions 145(3) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail s. 109; 491 s. 110; 738; 486(4.1)
Breach of undertaking under 499(2) or 503(2.1) 145(5.1) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail s. 109; 491 s. 110; 738; 486(4.1)
Breach of Probation conditions 733.1(1) Hybrid (Absolute) Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Failure to Attend Court (recog / undertaking) 145(2) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail N/A s. 486(4.1)
Failure to Attend Court (summons) 145(4) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail N/A s. 486(4.1); 738; SDO?
Obstruct a Peace Officer 129 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Perjury 131, 132 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail N/A s. 486(2.101) / 486(4.1) / 738 / SDO?
Fabricating Evidence with Intent to Mislead 137 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail N/A s. 486(2.101) / 486(4.1) / 738 / SDO?
Giving Contradictory Evidence with Intent to mislead [1] 136 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail N/A s. 486(2.101) / 486(4.1) / 738 / SDO?
Intimidation of a Justice System Participant 423.1 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail s. 109 / 491 / PDO s. 486(2.101) / 486(4.1) / 738
Breach of Recognizance 811 Hybrid (Absolute) Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail N / A

Controlled Substances Offences[edit]

Offence CDSA Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Possession of marijuana (=< 30g)
Possession of hashish (=< 1g)
4(1) Summary Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A $1,000 and 6 months jail N/A N/A
Possession of marijuana (> 30g)
Possession of hashish (> 1g)
4(1) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A $1,000 and 6 months jail (first); $2,000 and 1 year jail (second or more) 5 years less a day jail
Possession of Cocaine or Heroin 4(1) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A $1,000 and 6 months jail (first); $2,000 and 1 year jail (second or more) 7 years jail
Possn. for Purpose of Trafficking in Marijuana /
Trafficking in Marijuana
5(2) / 5(1) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 5 years less a day
Life in jail (>30kg)
Possn. for Purpose of Trafficking in Cocaine or Heroin /
Trafficking in Cocaine or Heroin
5(2) / 5(1) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A Life in jail

Key[edit]

Dispositions:

  • AD = absolute discharge (s. 730)
  • CD = conditional discharge with probation
  • SS = suspended sentence (s. 731(1)(a))
  • F = fine (s. 734)
  • I = imprisonment (s. 718.3, 787)
  • FP = fine and probation (s. 731(1)(b))
  • IP = imprisonment and probation (s. 731(1)(b))

Orders:

  • PDO = Primary Designated Offences (Mandatory DNA order)
  • SDO = Secondary Designated Offences (discretionary DNA order)
  • SOIRA = Sex Offender Registry Act
  • 462.37 = forfeiture of proceeds
  • 490.1 = forfeiture of property related to the offence
  • 491 = mandatory firearms/weapons forfeiture order
  • 486(4.1) = discretionary publication ban
  • 738 = discretionary restitution order
  • 739 = return of property
  1. s. 136(4) needs consent of AG before prosecution