Canadian Criminal Sentencing/Appendix/Offence Charts

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This chart currently does not include all changes to offences that occurred during 2012.

Violence-related offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable)
Causing a Disturbance 175 Summary Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 18 months jail or $5,000 fine N/A
Criminal Harassment 264 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail
Threat to cause harm or death 264.1 (1)(a) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 18 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail
Threat to cause damage property or injure animal 264.1(1)(b),(c) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Assault 266 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail
Assault with a weapon 267(1)(a) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 18 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years jail
Assault causing bodily harm 267(1)(b) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 18 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years jail
Aggravated Assault 268 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail
Assault Peace Officer 270 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail

Theft-related offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable)
Theft under $5,000 334(b) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Theft over $5,000 334(a) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 10 years jail
Possession stolen prop. under $5,000 355(b) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Possession stolen prop. over $5,000 355(a) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 10 years jail
Fraud under $5,000 380(1)(b) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Fraud over $5,000 380(1)(a) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail

Property damage Offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Mischief under $5,000 430(4) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Mischief over $5,000 430(3) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years jail
Arson (disregard for human life) 433 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A life 109(1)(d) / 491 110(1)(b) / 462.37 / 486(4.1) / 738 / SDO
Arson (damage to property) 434 / 434.1 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail 109(1)(d) / 491 110(1)(b) / 462.37 / 486(4.1) / 738 / SDO
Arson (fraudulent purpose) 435 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 10 years jail
Arson (negligence) 436(1) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 5 years jail
Possession of Incendiary Materials 436.1 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 5 years jail

Break and Enter[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Break and enter with intent (dwelling) 348 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A life 109 / 491 SDO
Break and enter with intent (not dwelling) 348 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years N/A SDO
Being unlawfully in a dwelling-house 349 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years
Possession of Break-in Instruments 351 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 10 years

Robbery[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable)
Robbery (with firearm) 344(a) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 4 years N/A life
Robbery 344(b) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A life

Weapons Offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Unsafe storage of a firearm 86 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail (1st offence)
5 years jail (subsequent)
109; 491 110; 738
Pointing a firearm 87 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail 109(1)(d); 491 110; 486(4.1)
Possession of a weapon for a dangerous purpose 88 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years jail s.109 (if on prohibition at the time) / s.491 s.110
Carrying concealed weapon 90 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail s.109 (if on prohibition at the time) / s.491 s.110
Unauthorized possession of firearm 91 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail 109(1)(d); 491 110; 486(4.1)
Possn. of firearm knowing possn. unauthorized 92 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Possn. of restricted weapon with ammunition 95 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 3 years jail (1st); 5 years jail (2nd) (by indictment) 12 months jail or $5,000 fine 10 years jail

Sexual Offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Sexual Interference 151 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 15 days jail (summ.) or 45 days jail (Indic.) 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 14 years jail SOIRA (10 Summ./20 Indict.) ...
Making Child Pornography 163.1(2) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 90 days (S) / 1 year (I) 18 months 10 years SOIRA (10 Summ./20 Indict.)
Distribution of Child Pornography 163.1(3) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 90 days (S) / 1 year (I) 18 months 10 years SOIRA (10 Summ./20 Indict.)
Possession of Child Pornography 163.1(4) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 14 days (S) / 45 days (I) 18 months 5 years SOIRA (10 Summ./20 Indict.)
Accessing of Child Pornography 163.1(4.1) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 14 days (S) / 45 days (I) 18 months 5 years SOIRA (10 Summ./20 Indict.)
Child Luring 172.1 Hybrid Dis* / SS* / F* / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO* [limited] 90 days (S) / 1 year (I) 18 months 10 years SOIRA (10 Summ./20 Indict.); forfeiture (164.1); DNA (primary); 161 Order
Indecent Act 173 Summary Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine N/A SOIRA (10yrs)...
Sexual Assault 271 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 18 months jail / $2,000 fine 10 years jail SOIRA (10yrs Summ. / 20yrs Indict.) ...
Sexual Assault with a weapon 272(1) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail
Sexual Assault with a weapon (firearm) 272(1) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 4 years jail N/A 14 years jail SOIRA (20yrs) ...
Aggravated Sexual Assault 273 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A Life SOIRA (life) ...
Aggravated Sexual Assault (with Weapon) 273(1), 273(2)(a) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO 4 years jail N/A Life SOIRA (life)

Motor Vehicle Offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Dangerous Driving (no injury) 249(1) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail
Dangerous Driving (injury) 249(3) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 10 years jail
Flight from Police 249.1 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 5 years jail
Driving while Impaired and Over 80 /
Driving while BAC over 80mg
253(a) / 253(b) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO $1,000 fine (1st time) / 30 days jail (2nd time) / 120 days jail (3rd time) 18 months jail 5 years jail
Refusal or failure to provide a breath/blood sample 254(5) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO $1,000 fine (1st time) / 30 days jail (2nd time) / 120 days jail (3rd time) 18 months jail 5 years jail
Driving while disqualified 259(4) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail

Administration of Justice Offences[edit]

Offence Code Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Breach of Release conditions 145(3) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail s. 109; 491 s. 110; 738; 486(4.1)
Breach of undertaking under 499(2) or 503(2.1) 145(5.1) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail s. 109; 491 s. 110; 738; 486(4.1)
Breach of Probation conditions 733.1(1) Hybrid (Absolute) Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Failure to Attend Court (recog / undertaking) 145(2) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail N/A s. 486(4.1)
Failure to Attend Court (summons) 145(4) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail N/A s. 486(4.1); 738; SDO?
Obstruct a Peace Officer 129 Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail
Perjury 131, 132 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail N/A s. 486(2.101) / 486(4.1) / 738 / SDO?
Fabricating Evidence with Intent to Mislead 137 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail N/A s. 486(2.101) / 486(4.1) / 738 / SDO?
Giving Contradictory Evidence with Intent to mislead [1] 136 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail N/A s. 486(2.101) / 486(4.1) / 738 / SDO?
Intimidation of a Justice System Participant 423.1 Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 14 years jail s. 109 / 491 / PDO s. 486(2.101) / 486(4.1) / 738
Breach of Recognizance 811 Hybrid (Absolute) Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A 6 months jail or $5,000 fine 2 years jail N / A

Controlled Substances Offences[edit]

Offence CDSA Section Election Dispositions Minimum Maximum (Summary) Maximum (Indictable) Mandatory Orders Discretionary Orders
Possession of marijuana (=< 30g)
Possession of hashish (=< 1g)
4(1) Summary Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A $1,000 and 6 months jail N/A N/A
Possession of marijuana (> 30g)
Possession of hashish (> 1g)
4(1) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A $1,000 and 6 months jail (first); $2,000 and 1 year jail (second or more) 5 years less a day jail
Possession of Cocaine or Heroin 4(1) Hybrid Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A $1,000 and 6 months jail (first); $2,000 and 1 year jail (second or more) 7 years jail
Possn. for Purpose of Trafficking in Marijuana /
Trafficking in Marijuana
5(2) / 5(1) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A 5 years less a day
Life in jail (>30kg)
Possn. for Purpose of Trafficking in Cocaine or Heroin /
Trafficking in Cocaine or Heroin
5(2) / 5(1) Indictable Dis / SS / F / F+Pb / Im / Im+Pb / F+Im / CSO N/A N/A Life in jail

Key[edit]

Dispositions:

  • AD = absolute discharge (s. 730)
  • CD = conditional discharge with probation
  • SS = suspended sentence (s. 731(1)(a))
  • F = fine (s. 734)
  • I = imprisonment (s. 718.3, 787)
  • FP = fine and probation (s. 731(1)(b))
  • IP = imprisonment and probation (s. 731(1)(b))

Orders:

  • PDO = Primary Designated Offences (Mandatory DNA order)
  • SDO = Secondary Designated Offences (discretionary DNA order)
  • SOIRA = Sex Offender Registry Act
  • 462.37 = forfeiture of proceeds
  • 490.1 = forfeiture of property related to the offence
  • 491 = mandatory firearms/weapons forfeiture order
  • 486(4.1) = discretionary publication ban
  • 738 = discretionary restitution order
  • 739 = return of property
  1. s. 136(4) needs consent of AG before prosecution

Jurisdiction[edit]

See also Jurisdiction
Absolute Jurisdiction (s. 553) Exclusive Jurisdiction (s. 469)
  • theft, other than theft of cattle (value =< $5,000)
  • obtaining money or property by false pretences, (value =< $5,000)
  • possess stolen property (value =< $5,000)
  • fraud (value =< $5,000)
  • mischief under subsection 430(4) (value =< $5,000)
  • Gaming and betting-related offences (s. 201 - 210)
  • fraud in relation to fares
  • breach of recognizance
  • failure to comply with probation order
  • paragraph 4(4)(a) of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
  • subsection 5(4) of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act.
  • treason (s. 47)
  • alarming Her Majesty (s. 49)
  • intimidating Parliament or a legislature (s. 51)
  • inciting to mutiny (s. 53)
  • seditious offences (s. 61)
  • piracy (s. 74) and piratical acts (s. 75)
  • attempts of any of the above listed
  • murder (s. 235) and conspiracy to commit murder
  • offences under any of sections 4 to 7 of the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act;
  • the offence of being an accessory after the fact to high treason or treason or murder;
  • bribery of a holder of a judicial office (s. 119)

DNA Orders s. 487.051[edit]

See also DNA Orders
Primary Designated Offences s. 487.04 Secondary Designated Offences s. 487.04

current Code (a)

  • (i) subsection 212(2.1) (aggravated offence in relation to living on the avails of prostitution of a person under the age of eighteen years),
  • (ii) section 235 (murder),
  • (iii) section 236 (manslaughter),
  • (iv) section 239 (attempt to commit murder),
  • (v) section 244 (discharging firearm with intent),
  • (vi) section 244.1 (causing bodily harm with intent — air gun or pistol),
  • (vi.1) section 244.2 (discharging firearm — recklessness),
  • (vii) paragraph 245(a) (administering noxious thing with intent to endanger life or cause bodily harm),
  • (viii) section 246 (overcoming resistance to commission of offence),
  • (ix) section 267 (assault with a weapon or causing bodily harm),
  • (x) section 268 (aggravated assault),
  • (xi) section 269 (unlawfully causing bodily harm),
  • (xi.1) section 270.01 (assaulting peace officer with weapon or causing bodily harm),
  • (xi.2) section 270.02 (aggravated assault of peace officer),
  • (xii) section 272 (sexual assault with a weapon, threats to a third party or causing bodily harm),
  • (xiii) section 273 (aggravated sexual assault),
  • (xiv) section 279 (kidnapping),
  • (xv) section 344 (robbery), and
  • (xvi) section 346 (extortion),

current Code (a.1)

  • (i) section 75 (piratical acts),
  • (i.01) section 76 (hijacking),
  • (i.02) section 77 (endangering safety of aircraft or airport),
  • (i.03) section 78.1 (seizing control of ship or fixed platform),
  • (i.04) subsection 81(1) (using explosives),
  • (i.05) section 83.18 (participation in activity of terrorist group),
  • (i.06) section 83.19 (facilitating terrorist activity),
  • (i.07) section 83.2 (commission of offence for terrorist group),
  • (i.08) section 83.21 (instructing to carry out activity for terrorist group),
  • (i.09) section 83.22 (instructing to carry out terrorist activity),
  • (i.1) section 83.23 (harbouring or concealing),
  • (i.11) section 151 (sexual interference),
  • (ii) section 152 (invitation to sexual touching),
  • (iii) section 153 (sexual exploitation),
  • (iii.1) section 153.1 (sexual exploitation of person with disability),
  • (iv) section 155 (incest),
  • (iv.1) subsection 163.1(2) (making child pornography),
  • (iv.2) subsection 163.1(3) (distribution, etc., of child pornography),
  • (iv.3) subsection 163.1(4) (possession of child pornography),
  • (iv.4) subsection 163.1(4.1) (accessing child pornography),
  • (iv.5) section 172.1 (luring a child),
  • (v) subsection 212(1) (procuring),
  • (v.1) subsection 212(2) (procuring),
  • (v.2) subsection 212(4) (offence — prostitution of person under eighteen),
  • (vi) section 233 (infanticide),
  • (vii) section 271 (sexual assault),
  • (vii.1) section 279.01 (trafficking in persons),
  • (vii.11) section 279.011 (trafficking of a person under the age of eighteen years),
  • (viii) section 279.1 (hostage taking),
  • (ix) paragraph 348(1)(d) (breaking and entering a dwelling-house),
  • (x) section 423.1 (intimidation of a justice system participant or journalist),
  • (xi) section 431 (attack on premises, residence or transport of internationally protected person),
  • (xii) section 431.1 (attack on premises, accommodation or transport of United Nations or associated personnel),
  • (xiii) subsection 431.2(2) (explosive or other lethal device),
  • (xiv) section 467.11 (participation in activities of criminal organization),
  • (xv) section 467.12 (commission of offence for criminal organization), and
  • (xvi) section 467.13 (instructing commission of offence for criminal organization),
  • (xvi.1) to (xx) [Repealed, 2005, c. 25, s. 1]

Code pre-1983 (b) ...<omitted>...
Code pre-1988 (c) and (c.1) ...<omitted>...

(d) an attempt to commit or, other than for the purposes of subsection 487.05(1), a conspiracy to commit an offence referred to in any of paragraphs (a) to (c);

(a) an offence under this Act that may be prosecuted by indictment — or, for section 487.051 to apply, is prosecuted by indictment — for which the maximum punishment is imprisonment for five years or more,

(b) an offence under any of the following provisions of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act that may be prosecuted by indictment — or, for section 487.051 to apply, is prosecuted by indictment — for which the maximum punishment is imprisonment for five years or more:

  • (i) section 5 (trafficking in substance and possession for purpose of trafficking),
  • (ii) section 6 (importing and exporting), and
  • (iii) section 7 (production of substance),

(c) an offence under any of the following provisions of this Act:

  • (i) section 145 (escape and being at large without excuse),
  • (i.1) section 146 (permitting or assisting escape),
  • (i.2) section 147 (rescue or permitting escape),
  • (i.3) section 148 (assisting prisoner of war to escape),
  • (i.4) subsection 160(3) (bestiality in pres­ence of or by child),
  • (ii) section 170 (parent or guardian procuring sexual activity),
  • (iii) section 173 (indecent acts),
  • (iv) section 252 (failure to stop at scene of accident),
  • (v) section 264 (criminal harassment),
  • (vi) section 264.1 (uttering threats),
  • (vii) section 266 (assault),
  • (viii) section 270 (assaulting a peace officer),
  • (ix) paragraph 348(1)(e) (breaking and entering a place other than a dwelling-house),
  • (x) section 349 (being unlawfully in dwelling-house), and
  • (xi) section 423 (intimidation),

(d) an offence under any of the following provisions of the Criminal Code, as they read from time to time before July 1, 1990:

  • (i) section 433 (arson), and
  • (ii) section 434 (setting fire to other substance), and

(e) an attempt to commit or, other than for the purposes of subsection 487.05(1), a conspiracy to commit

  • (i) an offence referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) — which, for section 487.051 to apply, is prosecuted by indictment, or
  • (ii) an offence referred to in paragraph (c) or (d);

SOIRA Orders[edit]

See also SOIRA Orders

Pursuant to s. 490.012(2), offences under s. 490.011(1)(b) require a SOIRA order if it is proven beyond a reasonable doubt that there was an intent to commit an offence under s. 490.011(1)(a).

s.490.011(1)(a) Offences s.490.011(1)(b) Offences
  • subsection 7(4.1) (offence in relation to sexual offences against children),
  • section 151 (sexual interference),
  • section 152 (invitation to sexual touching),
  • section 153 (sexual exploitation),
  • section 153.1 (sexual exploitation of person with disability),
  • section 155 (incest),
  • subsection 160(3) (bestiality in presence of or by a child),
  • section 163.1 (child pornography),
  • section 170 (parent or guardian procuring sexual activity),
  • section 172.1 (luring a child by means of a computer system),
  • subsection 173(2) (exposure),
  • paragraph 212(1)(i) (stupefying or overpowering for the purpose of sexual intercourse),
  • subsection 212(2) (living on the avails of prostitution of a person under age of eighteen),
  • subsection 212(2.1) (aggravated offence — living on the avails of prostitution of a person under age of eighteen),
  • subsection 212(4) (obtaining prostitution of person under age of eighteen),
  • section 271 (sexual assault),
  • section 272 (sexual assault with a weapon, threats to a third party or causing bodily harm),
  • paragraph 273(2)(a) (aggravated sexual assault — use of a restricted firearm or prohibited firearm or any firearm in connection with criminal organization),
  • paragraph 273(2)(a.1) (aggravated sexual assault — use of a firearm),
  • paragraph 273(2)(b) (aggravated sexual assault), and
  • subsection 273.3(2) (removal of a child from Canada);
  • subsection 173(1) (indecent acts),
  • section 177 (trespassing at night),
  • section 230 (murder in commission of offences),
  • section 234 (manslaughter),
  • paragraph 246(b) (overcoming resistance to commission of offence),
  • section 264 (criminal harassment),
  • section 279 (kidnapping),
  • section 279.01 (trafficking in persons),
  • section 280 (abduction of a person under age of sixteen),
  • section 281 (abduction of a person under age of fourteen),
  • paragraph 348(1)(d) (breaking and entering a dwelling house with intent to commit an indictable offence),
  • paragraph 348(1)(d) (breaking and entering a dwelling house and committing an indictable offence),
  • paragraph 348(1)(e) (breaking and entering a place other than a dwelling house with intent to commit an indictable offence), and
  • paragraph 348(1)(e) (breaking and entering a place other than a dwelling house and committing an indictable offence);

Driving Prohibition[edit]

Driving Prohibition Orders

Section 259 requires a mandatory Order of prohibition from driving for offences under s.253 or 254. The length is as follows:

  • First offence: 1 to 3 years (s.259(1)(a))
  • Second offence: 2 to 5 years (s. 259(1)(b))
  • All subsequent offences: 3 years or more (s. 259(1)(c))

Interlock program is available after:

  • First offence: 3 months from sentence (s.259(1.2)(a)(i))
  • Second offence: 6 months from sentence (s.259(1.2)(a)(ii))
  • All subsequent offences: 12 months from sentence (s.259(1.2)(a)(iii))
  • Or any later time as set by the judge (s.259(1.2)(b))

Section 259(2) allows a discretionary order of prohibition from driving for offences under s. 220, 221, 236, 249, 249.1, 250, 251 or 252 or 255(2) to (3.2). The length is as follows:

  • Offences with max of life sentence or actual life sentence: any duration (s. 259(2)(a), (a1))
  • Offences with max of 10 years: up to 5 years (s.259(2)(b))
  • Any other offences: up to 3 years (s. 259(2)(c))

Street racing mandatory prohibitions in addition to other mandatory orders:

  • First offence: 1 to 3 years (s. 259(3.1)(a))
  • Second offence: 2 to 5 years (s. 259(3.1)(b))
  • Any subsequent offences: 3 years or more (s. 259(3.1)(c))

Bodily harm offences under s. 249.3 or 249.4(3), the mandatory orders are as follows:

  • First Offence: 1 to 10 years
  • Second Offence: 2 to 10 years
  • Any subsequent offences: 3 years or more

Death offences under s. 249.2 or 249.4(4), the mandatory orders are as follows:

  • s.249.2 Offences: 1 year or more
  • s. 249.4(4) offences: 1 to 10 years
  • Any second conviction is life (s. 259(3.4))