# Trigonometry/Soh-Cah-Toa

## The Mnemonic

$Soh-Cah-Toa$ $\displaystyle {\begin{array}{ccc}\sin(A)&=&\displaystyle {\frac {\text{opposite side}}{\rm {hypotenuse}}}\\\\\cos(A)&=&\displaystyle {\frac {\text{adjacent side}}{\rm {hypotenuse}}}\\\\\tan(A)&=&\displaystyle {\frac {\text{opposite side}}{\text{adjacent side}}}\end{array}}$ Soh-Cah-Toa is a mnemonic for remembering how to use sines, cosines, and tangents to compute lengths in right angle triangles.

# Trigonometric definitions This triangle has sides a and b. The angle between them, C, is a right angle. The third side, c, is the hypotenuse. Side a is opposite angle A, and side b is adjacent to angle A.

Applying the definitions of the functions, we have:

$\sin(A)={\frac {a}{c}}$ or opposite side over hypotenuse
$\cos(A)={\frac {b}{c}}$ or adjacent side over hypotenuse
$\tan(A)={\frac {a}{b}}$ or opposite side over adjacent side

This can be memorized using the mnemonic 'SOH-CAH-TOA' (sin = opposite over hypothenuse, cosine = adjacent over hypotenuse, tangent = opposite over adjacent).

 Exercise: Find sin cos and tan A right triangle has side a = 3, b = 4, and c = 5. Calculate the following: $\sin(A),\cos(A),\tan(A)$ Exercise: Find a side A different right triangle has side $c=6$ and $\sin(A)=0.5$ . Calculate side a.