# R Programming/Network Analysis

This section is a stub.You can help Wikibooks by expanding it. |

## Contents

## Introduction[edit]

We mainly use following packages to demontrate network analysis in R: **statnet**, **sna**, **igraph**. They are however not representing a complete list. See Task view of *gR*, graphical models in R for a complete list.

## Creating simple graphs with igraph[edit]

```
> # load the appropriate library
> library(igraph)
> # now create a few simple graphs
> g <- graph.empty(10,directed=FALSE)
> g2 <- graph.ring(10,directed=TRUE)
> g3 <- graph.full(10,directed=FALSE)
> # now get information about these graphs
> summary(g)
```

## Creating graphs from data[edit]

First load the igraph package

```
library(igraph)
```

then you can choose your preferred format. Below are examples of data provided as edge list and as adjacency matrix.

### Creating graph from an edge list[edit]

An edge list is formed by a two-column matrix, with each row defining one edge. An edge is drawn from each element in the first column to the corresponding element in the second one. Use the `graph.edgelist()`

function to import your data.

```
# producing some random data in edge list form
el <- cbind(sample(1:10, 10), sample(1:10, 10))
# creating and plottig the graph from the edge list
gr <- graph.edgelist(el)
plot(gr)
```

### Creating graph from an adjacency matrix[edit]

An adjacency matrix is a *n* × *n* matrix containing *n* vertices and where each entry *a _{ij}* represents the number of edges from vertex

*i*to vertex

*j*. To import your adjacency matrix, use the

`graph.adjacency()`

function.```
# producing a random adjacency matrix
adj <- matrix(sample(0:1, 100, replace=T), 10, 10)
# creating and plottig the graph from the adjacency matrix
gr <- graph.adjacency(adj)
plot(gr)
```

## References[edit]

- Statnet website includes all the documentation on network analysis using R.
- Julien Barnier's introduction (in French)
- Journal of Statistical Software #24 Special Issue on Networks in R