Mirad/Word Families

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Doing / making (ser)[edit]

ser to do/act seud agent

seem agency
sen action
aasen initiative
seyn act
seun business
seunud businessman
seon fact
seoj case
sej event
sejet incident
seb boss
sem studio
casem factory
jeser continue
ánser to cooperate
gèser to copy
jaser to prepare
zòser to undo
igser to hurry up
ojser to plan
egser to redo
aanser to unify
seser to have (sth) done
sener to activate
senan activity
senen activation

aser to act as action

asud actor
alser to operate
als operation
alsud operator
alsea operational
arser to effectuate

saer to execute saen execution

saud executor
saena executive
saler to accomplish
sal accomplishment

iser to have an effect is effect

ois zero effect
ujis purpose

user to cause us cause

usa causal
ùser to motivate
ùs motive
ùsen motivation
ùsea motivating
ùsena motivational
ulser to influence
uls influence
ulseá influential
us và is cause and effect

eser to function es function

esea functioning
esena functional
esud functionary
esem office

éser to work ésem worksite

éset job
éser to work
ésud worker
éstut engineer
ésán handiwork
éscén process
ésnic salary
ésnicud salaried emploée
ésep strike
ésepud striker
oyés unemployment
oyésud jobless person
oésea lazy
ésjub workday
oésjub holiday
ánés collaboration
ánésa collaborative
ánésud collaborator

sier to result siun result
osiun lack of result
suer to occasion suler to provoke

sul provocation
suleá provocative
sulud provocateur

seer to behave seen behavior

seena behavioral
seler to conduct oneself
séer to busy onself
séler to practice
séner to profess

íser to use ís use

ísud user
írser to exploit
írs exploitation
írseá exploitative
fiíser to put to good use
fuíser to misuse

úser to serve ús service

úsud server
fiúser to benefit
fuúser to serve poorly
úrser to be a slave to
úrs slavery
úrsud slave

Being/becoming (cer)[edit]

cer to be cat creature, cyd subject
acer to become  
ocer to be nonexistent ocun nothing, ocuner to annihilate
icer come about, happen ic event, ijicer to originate, ujicer to end up, ujic fate, destiny, fuic misfortune
ucer to make, create, cause ucud creator, ucun a creation, ucunán (all of) creation, uceá creative
ecer to exist ece there is/are, ecea available, ecen existence, oecea nonexistent
àcer to have, own, possess àcun possession, àcud (owner), àca own, utàc property, àser to make available
òcer to lack, need òc gap, òcea lacking, òser to deprive, òcler to need, òcleá necessary
can form, shape caner to form, canòa shapeless, fucana malformed, canen formation, ózcan aspect, ficaner to reform, kácaner to transform, canáner to compose, áncaner to constitute, candrener to formulate
caun type,kind aacaun prototype, vicaun model, vácaun original, utcaun example, ajcaun precedent
caser to fabricate casem factory
ceser to build cesen construction, cesud builder, cesem building site, oceser to destrò, ocesen destruction, oceseá destructive
cun thing (concrete) cunán reality, ocuner to anihilate
acun element acana elemental, acunéna elementary
con matter (abstract) gícon problem, kocon secret, kacon revelation, kécon case, égcon crisis
cin picture tecin figure, cìn mark, zocìn trace, utcìn character, pencìn track, ciun sign, siunet signal, mancin photograph, mancinar camera
cén fashion utcén genre, secén procedure
cún object cúnet article, cúfi effects

Putting (ber)[edit]


  ber to put  
  bler to carry brer to haul
aber to put on eber to stop ober to take off
áber to raise éber to contain óber to lower
baer to lean on beer to hold boer to hold up
barer to press (down on) beler to keep boler to support (from below)
báer to lift béer to block bóer to hang
báler to rouse béler to hold back, retain/conserve' bóler to suspend
álber to elevate élber to hold steady ólber to lower
  ézber to insert ózber to extract
  ézbler to carry in ózbler to carry out
obaer to relieve obeer to release, let go oboer to drop
obaler to relax obeler to abandon oboler to shirk
  obéer to yield  
    obóer to depend
úzbaer to squeeze úzbeer to embrace úzboer to smash
úzbaler to pinch    
obéer to release
iber to receive   uber to send
bier to take   buer to give
íber to take away   úber to bring near
zíber to diffuse zeyber to transpose  
zíbler to carry around zèbler to carry across, transport  
biner to pull bener to hold buner to push
ézbiner to draw in ézbener to hold in ézbuner to push in
úbiner to attract úbener to hold near íbuner to repel
ózbiner to extract ózbener to hold out ózbuner to expel
ábiner to pull up ábener to hold high ábuner to push up
ónbiner to yank apart ónbener to hold apart ónbuner to shove apart
ánbiner to attract ánbener to adhere ánbuner to combine C
vabier to accept   vabuer to volunteer;
zébirer to yank through   zéburer to stab (shove through)
kebier to choose   kebuer to disperse
vobier to refuse   vobuer to deny
embier to occupy   embuer to give way
gorcbier to take part   gorcbuer to give out shares
pitbier to fish    
jobier to borrow   jobuer to lend
émbier to replace   émbuer to resign
ánabier to collect   ónabuer to scatter
    buér to remit
    buler to accord
    bùler to attribute
    bùrer to concede
zòbier to take back   zòbuer to give back
ifbier to welcome   ifbuer to offer
    vegbuer to delegate
    ifbuler to consacrate
    ifbùler to dedicate
    ifburer to sacrifice
nucbier to bù   nicbuer to sell
nacbiler to expend   nacbuler to allocate
    ifburer to sacrifice
    bluér to confer
    zíbuer to distribute
obier to relinquish   obuer to deprive
bin receipts   bun donation
    ivbun gift
baner to gesticulate   boner be calm
baaner to shake   booner to be still
banler to shake  
bànler to shudder    
baneter to rock baaneter to vibrate  
abaner to caress    
albaner to wipe    
ovbaner to resist    
    bos quiet
    obos trouble
    bòs quiet
    obòs worry
    óbos care
    óbós anxiety
  bén manner
    búer to reach (out to)
    búner to touch
    brúner to contact
  bemer to maintain  

Going (per)[edit]

  per to go  
aper to get on eper to stop oper to get off
paer to stand peer to stay poer to hang
áper to get up éper to intervene óper to get down
álper to rise/ascend élper to block ólper to sink'/descend'
âlper to climb up ôlper to bow
árper to soar   órper to tumble
áprer to scamper up ... ... óprer to collapse
páer to jump péer to stand still póer to drop
páner to leap péner to seize póner to dive
párer to shoot up pénuer to attack pórer to plummit
iper go (away)   uper to come
emiper to emigrate   emuper to immigrate
igiper to flee igeper to stop suddenly iguper to rush (toward)
jauper to come before, precede   jouper to come after, succeed
aíper to off with/take along   aúper to come along with/bring along
    zoâuper to pick up (and bring back)
zoíper to go back   zoúper to return (come back)
íper to go away   úper to approach
ílper to escape   úlper to come home
íbemper to go in exile ... ... ... ...
pier to depart   puer to arrive
jopier to get a headstart   jopuer to arrive ahead of/beat
igpier to flee    
piler to quit    
cper to carry    
ézcper to import zècper to transport ózcper to export
zòciper to take back zícper to propagate zòcuper to bring back
zàper to advance zèper to cross zòper to retreat
ánper to go together   ónper to separate
izper to head (straight)   uzper to veer, turn
zíper to tour   zúper to rotate
japer to precede jeper to go along joper to follow
zaper to go in front zeper to go in the middle zoper to go in back
ézper to enter zéper to go through ózper to exit
igper to run zoigper to chase after ugper to amble
ízper to pass up uzper to curve úzper to go around
kiper to limp képer to stagger kuper to avoid, sidestep
egézper to reinter azézper to invade egózper to reemerge
ifper to stroll ifpoper to tour ifpiper to cruise
  zéper to penetrate  
poper to travel képoper to shuttle back and forth zípoper to travel around
papier to take off (flying) paper to fly papuer to land
pepier to ride off peper to ride pepuer to park
pipier to set sail piper to sail pipuer to dock
tôaper to walk, step tuáper to crawl tôuper to tiptoe
pan motion pen seizure pon rest
paz dance    
paner to move pener to seize poner to rest
pazer to dance    
opaner to freeze opener to release oponer to stir
paaner to shake peener to catch pooner to stay
apaner to massage paaneter to vibrate  
alpaner to rub    
ópaner to reverse    
kipaner to stumble   kupaner to slide
ónpaner to break    
papaner to soar pepaner to skate pipaner to swim
ovpaner to block    
paneter to balance    
puner to throw punrer to hurl pùner to launch
púner to bump into    
prúner to crash into    
apéner to hit apéneter to batter  
apêner to tap    
apénler to beat    
ópéner to knock down    
ónpéner to break    
ónpêner to crack    
ónpléner to smash'    
ónpléner to burst    
ónpréner to explode    
pénuer to attack ovpénuer to counter-attack opénuer to defend
páner to leap (up) péner to lunge póner to dive
ézpáner to jump in zépáner to jump through ózpáner to jump out
zàpáner to leap forward zèpáner to leap across zòpáner to leap backward
pénarer to whip páneter to skip peneter to step
  pòn respite pos peace

Saying/talking (der, daer)[edit]

dier to ask der to say duer to propose
updier to invite ebdier to discuss  
dider to question doder to be silent duder to answer
vader to affirm veder to quibble voder to deny
váder to swear   vóder to lie
ávder to excuse évder to judge óvder to accuse
fivader to approve   fuvader to condemn
fider to praise   fuder to curse
avder to advocate   ovder to oppose
frider to glorify   fruder to blaspheme
    fúder to offend
    flúder to insult
    frúder to outrage
    ufúder to threaten
    fuébder to dispute
azder to shout egder to repeat ozder to whisper
jader to predict jeder to narrate joder to recount
ivder to thank   uvder to complain
ijder to introduce   ujder to conclude
fiader to recommend   fuader to criticize
ajder to evoke   ojder to promise
tider to understand   tuder to explain
ágder to elaborate   ógder to summarize
diler to beseech deler to announce duler to submit
direr to require dèler to declare  
daer to speak
ágdaer to ramble
ébdaer to converse fuébdaer to quarrel
dad language daun speech dod silence
din history dìn story diin recitation
dún name zadún first name abdún last name
dun word dlun phrase drun sentence

Writing/reading (drer, déder)[edit]

drer to write védrer to correspond, dúndrer to sign, abdrer to inscribe, gèdrer to copy, ézdrer to register, zèdrer to transcribe, tuúdrer to type, tuúdra typewritten, tuúdrud typist, cindrer to draw, drecìn letter (of the alphabet), dresìna literal, drecìnán alphabet, drecìnána alphabetical drecìnánser to alphabetize, dra written, odra unwritten
droer to erase droun erasure, droar eraser
dren script , dreud writer, drenet article, drenetán series of articles, ébdren letter, ébdrenán mail, tuádren manuscript, jadren preface, jodren postscript, dedren prose, candren formula, vádren spelling, védren correspondence, vidrenán literature (belles lettres), drenán scripture, dreden report, cunándren program
drèn text drèna textual, óbdrèn subtext, zúdrèn context, zúdrèna contextual
déder to read dédud reader, dédudán readership, zídéder to scan, déd lecture, dédim lecture hall, dédar scanner
dén book dénám book collection, dénánam library, dénunam bookstore, déngorc chapter, dénifud bookworm, dénabkum bookcover, dénembelar bookmark, déndúnán bibliography, dénet booklet, dindén storybook, novel, tiundén textbook
dreun document, file dreunán dossier, documentation, dreuner to document, file


drec note drecer to note, dodrec bulletin
drecin drawing, design dreciner to draw, drecinud designer, drecinam design studio
drez poem drezán poetry, drezet verse, drezut poet, drezéna poetic
dreván grammar drevána grammatical, drevánut grammarian
dréner to print drén print, drénar printer, drénam printshop, jubdrén newspaper, jubdrénán the press, jubdrénud journalist, jobdrén magazine, cindrén illustration, zídrén poster, zídrénet prospectus, drénet ticket, ózdréner to publish, ózdrénam publishing house, dréncìn type, character (of a font), dréncìnán font, dréncìnánam foundry
drar pen drear pencil, dril ink
dof cardboard  
daf card mircindaf map, ekdaf playing card, ébdrendaf postcard, dafán stack of cards
def paper defán stationary, defánam stationary shop, defet scrap of paper, defcasam paper mill
dáf notebook dáfet book (of tickets, etc.), agdáf register
dúf sheet (of paper) dúfbuar sheetfeeder
dúv page dúván ream of paper, mirmepán dúv web page, zàdúvper to page forward

Society (dot)[edit]

dot society dota societal, dotcer to socialize (intr.)
dotin socialism, dotinat socialist
odota savage, barbaric, odotan savagery, barbarism, odotat savage, barbarian
dotús social welfare
dotvàcan social security
dotbén custom, more (n.)
dotbéna customary

ajdotbén tradition
ajdotbéna traditional
dotcén civilization, dotcéner to civilize

dat friend data friendly, datcer to befriend, datan friendship
dàt girlfriend
daat buddy, daater to buddy around, daatan buddyship
ifdat sweetheart, ifdatan romance, ifdata romantic
odat enemy, odata inimical, ovdata hostile, ovdatan hostility
datibut host, dàtibut hostess, datibéa hospitable, datibéan hospitality
datupud guest, visitor, datupudim guestroom, datupudem reception area, datuper to be a guest, to visit, datup' visit
det comrade, companion, associate detan comraderie, association, detcer to associate
àdet companion, àdetan company
dit citizen dita civil, ditan citizenship, ditán citizenry
ditbén civility
doita civic
dut sir, Mr. dùt madam, Mrs., dután messieurs
dutet master, lad
dùtet miss, mademoiselle, young lady
duut sire
ditús civil service
dout bourgeois douta bourgeois (adj.), doutan bourgeoisie, doután bourgeoisie (coll.)
aut person auta personal
autbén personality
agaut personnage, v.i.p.
aután group, autána collective
autgran crowd, autgrana crowded, autgrancer to form a crowd
aut individual auta individual, autan individuality
anuta private, anutan privacy
aután group
áud commune áuda communal, áudan community, áudana comunity-related
áudin communism, áudinat communist
áut collective áuta collective
áutan collectivity
áutser to collectivize, áutin collectivism, áutinat collectivist
át everyone áta everyone's
tán people tána popular, tánikcer to populate, tánikca populated, tánika populous, tánukser todepopulate, also: tánòser to depopulate, tánuka unpopulated, deserted
táncág population, táncágtut demographics
tân populace
tánin populism, táninat populist
tánifa popular, tánifan popularity, tánifser to popularize, otánifa unpopular
tánbén custom, tánbéna customary

State (dob)[edit]

realm chief female counterpart
dob state deb leader  
adob empire adeb emperor adèb empress
edob kingdom edeb king, monorach edèb queen
idob principality ideb prince idèb princess
udob marquisate ideb marquis idèb marquise
ódob earldom ódeb count ódèb countess
ádob barony ádeb baron ádèb baroness
édob duchy édeb duke édèb duchess
ídob domain ídeb lord ídèb lordess
údob tribe údeb tribal chief  
tándob republic tándeb president (of the republic)  

Government (dab)[edit]

dab government daber to govern
dabdren ordnance
daba government
dabzem government center, capital
andab autocracy
nacdab plutocracy
abdaber to dominate, abdabin imperialism, dabovper to revolt, dabovpen revolution
dabtun politics, dabtut politician, dabtuna political
daab administration daaber to administer
daaba administrative
deb chief, leader deber to lead, command
andeb dictator, autocrat
deban leadership
debán leadership (coll.)
debveg authority, debvegdren authorization
debòser to depose
debovper to rebel, debovpud rebel, debovpen rebellion, vodebder to prohibit, vodebden prohibition, debden order
doob nation dooba national
dooban nationality
doof flag, doobdeuz national anthem
dub minister duba ministerial, dubam ministry
ózdub ambassador, ózdubam embassy
ózdubet consul, ózdubetam consulate'
dek combat deker to combat
dekpan fight, dekpaner to fight, dekpanud fighter
dopek battle, dopekem battlefield
dropek war, dropeker to wage war, dropekud warrior, dropekéna bellicose
damem metropolis damema metropolitan
obdamam colony, obdamemser to colonize, obdamemsud colonialist
domem territory domeam province/state, domeameb governor
domeem department (eg. of France), domeemeb prefect
domeim canton
domeum commune
dom city doma urban, domaser to urbanize
dombén polity
úzdom suburb, domag metropolis
debdom capital, midom port, domgon district, domgob quarter, domeb mayor, domam mayor's office, domab municipality, domaba municipal
dòm town
doam borough
doem village
doim hamlet
domcin cityscape
domep boulevard domèp avenue
domeap street
domeep lane
mepet alley
gacmep intersection
omep impasse, cul-de-sac, deadend
ábmep highway
igmep expressway
abzèmep bridge, overpass
obzèmep underpass
zémep tunnel
ízmep bypass, detour
úzmep beltway
ébdoma mep interstate highway (lit: intercity road)
domém square domzúm circle

Knowing (ter)[edit]

tier to study
tiud student
titam school
atitam elementary school
etitam high school
ititam college
tin doctrine, -ism
ter to know
oter to ignore
keter to be curious
jàter to guess
egter to recognize
vater to believe
veter to wonder
voter to doubt
ten knowledge, information
tuer to teach
tuud teacher
tutam institute
tutamán university
tut expert, scholar, scientist
tun science, -ology
ticer to learn
ticun lesson
tecer to perceive, sense
tecun data
tucer to instruct
tucun instruction
tiser to agree teser to think
tújteser to dream
ijtes idea
jotes afterthought
tuser to convince
akteser to remember   okteser to forget
vateser to assume veteser to suppose voteser to discount
váteser to believe véteser to wonder, weigh vóteser to doubt
ánteser to agree   ónteser to disagree
avteser to favor evteser to quibble ovteser to oppose
fiteser to thank   futeser to regret
jàteser to plan   jòteser to reflect
kateser to recall keteser to search one's memory koteser to forget (deliberately)
keter to be interested keten curiosity, ketea curious, ketenàa interesting, ketenukser to interest, oketer to be uninterested
  tújteser to dream  
tep mind tepa mental tepén attitude,aztepa intelligent, vátepa wise, tepbén method, tepbéna methodical, otepa imbecile
tèp spirit tèpa spiritual agtep genie
tez culture teza cultural óbtez subculture, tezser to cultivate
tén industry téna industrial joténa post-industrial,téntun technique, téntuna technical
tun science tuna scientific tut scholar
tin doctrine tina doctrinal tinéna doctrinaire
tún idea túna ideal túncer conceive of, túnca conceptual, túnán ideology, túnánud ideolog
tekóer to pay attention tekóa attentive otekóa inattentive

Family (tod)[edit]

tod family toda familial
tòd home, tòda domestic
todana familiar
tad spouse, husband tàd wife
tadán household
tadcer to get married, tadca married, tadcen marriage, tada marital
otadca unmarried, otadcat bachelor
tadòcat widower, tadòcàt widower, tadóncer
to divorce, tadóncat divorcee, tadónc divorce
tadán husband and wife team, jatad fiance, jatàd fiancee
tadceat groom, tàdceat bride, tàdceata bridal
tadet brother, tadeta fraternal, tadetan fraternity, tadetán fraternity (group), tàdetán sorority
tàdet sister
taodet brother-in-law
taódet sister-in-law
ted parent, father teda parental, paternal
tèd mother, tèda maternal
tedòa orphaned, tedòat orphan, tedòan orphanhood, tedòcer to be orphaned, tedòatam orphanage
tedet son, tedeta filial
tèdet daughter
teodet son-in-law
teódet daughter-in-law
tid uncle tidéna avuncular
tìd aunt
tidet cousin
tìdet cousin (female)'
tud brother-in-law tùd sister-in-law
tudet nephew
tùdet niece
tód father-in-law tôd mother-in-law
tódet son-in-law
tôdet daughter-in-law
tád grandparent, grandfather tádéna grandfatherly
tâd grandmother, tâdéna grandmotherly
tádet grandson
tâdet granddaughter
tádán grandparents
tádetán grandchildren
téd relative téda related, tédan kinship
tédcer to be related, tédán kin(folks), otéda unrelated
tíd god-parent, god-father tídet godson
ajted ancestor ajteda ancestral, ajtedán ancestry
jat ascendant  
jot descendant jòtan descendance

Human being (tob)[edit]

tob human being
tab body
. taab lymph
.. taaba lymphatic
.. taabocet lymph gland
. taeb muscle
.. taeba muscular
. taib bone
.. taibán skeleton
... taibána skeletal
.. taibàa bony
.. taibcer ossify
... taibcen ossification
.. taibòa boneless
... taibòser to debone
. taob flesh
.. taoba carnal
... egtaobcen reincarnation
.. taobàa fleshy
.. taobtelea flesh-eating
.. potaob meat
... potaobtelea carnivorous
. taub cartilege
.. tauba cartilagenous
. taób skin
.. taóbil sweat
... taóbiler to sweat
... taóbilàa sweaty
.. petaób hide
.. taóf leather
... taófud leatherer
... taóféna leathery
. tàab fat
.. tàaba fat-related
.. tàabòa fat-free
.. tàabél lard
.. tàabil oil
... tàbiler to oil
... tàabilém oilcan
... tàabilàa oily
.. tàabàa fatty
. taéb hair
.. tàabàa hairy
.. taébòa bald
... taébòcer to go bald
... taébòat bald person
... taébòan baldness
... taébòser to depilate
.. taêb fuzz
... taêbàa fuzzy
.. pataéb feather
... pataébán plumage
.. petaéb mane
.. pitaéb scales
... pitaébàa scaly
.. taéf wig
. taíb nerve
.. taíba nervous
.. taíbaanea nerve-rattling
.. taíbzem nerve-center
. tap physique
.. tapa physical
.. íztapa metaphysical
.. taptun physiology
.. taptut physiologist
. taf suit [of clothes]
.. tàf dress
teb head
. tebném cranium
.. tebnéma cranial
. teboc brain
.. teboca cerebral
. ábteb forehead
. óbteb chin
. obteb neck
.. obteba cervical
.. zaobteb throat
.. zoobteb nape
. tebzan face
.. tebzana facial
.. tebzanábs face-lift
.. tebzanòa faceless
. teab eye
.. teaba ocular
.. teabéb eyebrow
.. teabil tear
... teabiler to weep
.. teabéb eyebrow
.. fateab eyelid
... fateabéb eyelash
.. zeteab pupil
.. anteaba one-eyed
.. teac sight
... teacer to see
... oteaca blind
.... oteacan blindness
.... oteacat blind person
.... oteacacer go blind
.... oteacaser to blind
... teacoker gain one's sight
... teacoker lose one's sight
... teacar eye glasses
.. teas look
... teaser to look
.... igteaser to glance
.... ágteaser to stare
.... uzteaser to look askance
.... izteaser to look directly in the eye
.. teabzúen eyeball
.. teaczéc eye socket
. teeb ear
.. teeba aural
.. fozteeb ear lobe
.. teec hearing
... teecer to hear
... teeca auditory
... teecier to listen
.... teeciud listener
..... teeciudán audience
.... teecien audition
.... teeciar listening device
... oteeca deaf
.... oteecser to deafen
..... oteecseá deafening
.... oteecat deaf person
.... oteecan deafness
... teecar hearing aid
.. ózteeb outer ear
. teib nose
.. teiba nasal
.. teibil snot
... teibila mucous
.. teiv handkerchief
.. ózteiber to sneeze
.. teic smell
... teicer to smell
... teica olfactory
... treic odor
.... treicàa odorous
... fiteic fragrance
... futeic stink
... teiz perfume
... teicier to sniff
.. teiceucer to snore
.. teibzéc nostril
. teob cheek
.. zeteob cheekbone
.. teobéb beard
... teobébàa bearded
... teobébòa beardless
. teub mouth
.. teuba oral
.. teubil saliva
... teubiler to salivate
.. ózteuber to spit
.. teubíjer to yawn
.. ézteuber to swallow
.. teubob lip
... teuboz smile
... teuboc kiss
... teuboba labial
.. teud shout
... teuder to scream
.. teuc taste
... teucer to taste
... fiteuca delicious
... futeuca nasty-tasting
.. teumib palate
... teumiba palatal
.. teubéb mustache
... teubébàa mustachioed
.. teubab tongue
... teubaba lingual
... teubaber to lick
... éztèbaber to suck
.. teubeb gum
.. teubib jaw
... teubiser to chew
.. teupib tooth
... teupiba dental
... teupibut dentist
.... teupibutam dentist's office
... teupicer to bite
.... teupicoger to nibble
... oteupiba toothless
... teupibán denture
. tef hat
.. tefet cap
.. tefud haberdasher
.. tefam haberdashery
. tep mind
.. tepa mental
.. tepcan sentiment
.. tepcana sentimental
. tes thought
.. teser to think
... ágteser to ponder
.. tesa cognitive
.. tesen cognition
.. teseá conceivable
.. oteseá inconceivable
.. tesoker to forget
... otesokeá unforgetable
.. tesaker to remember
. ter to know
.. oter to ignore
.. ota unknown
.. otea unaware
.. tuer to teach
... tuna scientific
... tut scientist
... tuen teaching
.... tuena didactic
... tuut teacher
.... tuután academe
... tun science
... tuun lesson
.. tier to learn
.. titam school
.. atitam grade school
.. etitam high school
.. ititam college
... tiud student
... tiudán student body
... tiun study
.... tiuna scholastic
.... tiunán studies, scholastics</i
... tin
.... tina
.. tez
... teza
.. ten
... tena
.. teá
.. tea
... tean
. trer
to recognize
.. tren
.. treá
.. trea
.. éztrer
be conscious
.. éztren
.. éztrea
.. oéztrea
.. otra
.. otrea
. tec
.. tecer
to perceive
.. teceá
.. tecpan
.. tecpana
.. tecpanea
.. tecpanean
.. tecpaneá
.. tecpaner
to emote
. zetib
.. tetibgan
waist size
. zotib
.. zotiba
.. zotibók
back pain
. tiab
.. tilab
... tilabil, bil
.... tilabiler
to lactate
.... tilabila
.... tilabilbier
to milk
.... tilabilbuer
to give milk
.... tilabiléna
. tieb
.. tieba
.. tieser
to breathe
.. éztieser
to inhale
.. óztieser
to exhale
.. tiebok
... tieboser
to cough
. tiib
.. tiiba
.. tiibil
... tiibiler
to bleed
... tiibilàa
... tiibiloker
to lose blood
... tiibilotila
... tiibila
... tiibilánam
.. tiibuf
... tiibufa
... tiibufog
... zòtiibuf
.... zòtiibufa
. tiub
.. tiuba
.. tiùb
... tiùba
.. zetiub
.. zotiub
. tiób
.. tióba
.. tióbok
kidney disease
.. tióbil
... tióbiler
to urinate
... tióbilem
... tióbila
. tiáb
.. tiába
.. tìáb
... tìába
.. ébtiába
.. tiábcan
... tiábcana
.. tiábòser
to castrate
.. tiábòcat
.. tiáv
. tikob
.. tikoba
. tikab
.. tikaba
. tikeb
.. tikeba
.. tikebok
.. tikebil
. tikib
.. tikiba
. tikub
.. tikuba
.. tikubil
... tikubila
... tikubiler
to defecate
.. tikubuj
... tikubuja
... tikubujbok
. tuba
. tuab
. tueb
upper arm
. tuib
.. tuiber
to elbow
. tuub
. tuób
. tuáb
.. tuába
.. tuácer
to handle
.. tuábier
to grasp
.. tuábuer
to lend a hand
.. tuúpúner
to slap
.. ébtuáber
to clasp/shake hands
.. tuápaner
to clap/applaud
.. tuálpaner
to massage/knead
.. tuásiner
to sign
.. tuádotsiner
to wave [hello/goodbye]
.. tuáf
... tuáfém
glove compartment
... tuáfud
. tuéb
.. tuépaner
to pound
. tuúb
.. tuúba
.. atuúb
.. etuúb
... etuúber
to point
.. ituúb
middle finger
.. utuúb
ring finger
.. ótuúb
little finger
.. tuúcer
to feel
... tuúca
... tuúceá
.. tuúpaner
to tap
.. tuúdrer
to type
... tuúdrar
typewriter, keyboard
.. tuúbuj
finger tip
. tulob
.. tulocer
to scratch
.. tulop
... tuloper
to claw
. tuúb
.. tuúpaner
to slap
. tulib
.. tulipaner
to knock
. tóab
.. tóaper
to sit
. tóeb
. tóib
.. tóiper
to kneel
. tóub
. tôab
.. tôabektun
.. tôabektut
.. tôaper
to walk
... tôapud
... tôapem
... tôapar
... igtôaper
to run
... igtôapem
.. tôapúner
to kick
.. tôapaner
to stomp
.. tôabar
.. tôaf
... tôafser
to cobble
.... tôafsud
.... tôafsam
shoemaker's shop
.... tôafber
to shoe
.... tôafba
... apetôaf
... tôafmacil
shoe polish
... tôafnífet
... tôafodet
. tôeb
.. tôepaner
to supplant
. tôib
. tôub
.. tôuper
to tiptoe
. tólob
. tobaser
to humanize
. otobaser
to dehumanize
. toban
. tobin
.. tobina
.. tobinat
. iftoba
.. iftoban
. tooba
.. otoobaser
to emasculate
.. tooban
. toòba
.. toòban
. tooca
. toocan
. otooca
. entooca
. hátooca
. getooca
.. getoocan
.. getoocat
homosexual [person]
. tosa
. toséna
. toptun
. toptuna
. toptut
. topéna
.. topénaser
to animate
.. topénasen
.. otopéna
. topòa
. tòba
.. eóntòba
effeminate, quasi-female
. tòbéna
.. otobéna
. tòbet
.. tòbeténa
.. tòbetan
. tòbán
. toboba
.. toboban
. tobéna
. tobobòa
. tobobikam
child care center
. tobeténa
. tobetan
kid, midget
. tobòg
. tobagéna
. tobágéna
. toca
. tocan
. tocer
to sense
. toceá
. tocea
. boca
. bocán
. bocet
.. boceta

Bodily functions (tab...er)[edit]

body part body function
tab body óbtaber to bow, stoop
áztaber to prostrate oneself
ábtaber to stand erect
teb head óbteber to duck
tebciner to nod
tep mind ter to know, etc. [see Mental Activities]
teab eye teacer to see
teaser to look
teabiler to weep
zóteaber to squint
ágteaser to stare
igteaser to glance
to glimpse
to wink
teabigíjer to blink
taéb hair taébòcer to bald
taób skin taóbiler to sweat
taóboker to shed
taíb nerve taíser irritate
iftaíser to tickle
taícer to itch
teeb ear teecer hear
teeser listen
teib nose teicer to smell
teiser to sniff
teiseucer to snore
teibiler to run at the nose
teibilpuner to sneeze
teibukser to blow the nose
teub mouth teubiler to salivate
teubilpuner to spit
ézteuber swallow
teubíjer to yawn
teuder to shout
teubob lip teubocer to kiss
éztèbober to suck
teubozer to smile
teucozer to laugh
teubab tongue teubaber to lick
teucer to taste
teubib jaw teubiser to chew
teipid tooth teupicer to bite
tilab breast tilabiler to lactate
tikab stomach tikabilpuner to vomit
tieb lung tieser to breath
éztieser to inhale
óztieser to exhale
tiebil phlegm
tiebukser to cough
tiib heart tiibiler to bleed
tiób kidney tióbiler to urinate
tuab shoulder tuaber to shoulder
tuib elbow tuiber to elbow
tuáb hand tuábier to grab
tuábuer to hand
tuáser to manipulate
ébtuáber to shake hands
tuáciner to wave
tuápéner to slap
tuápéneter to pat
tuálpaner to massage
tuúb finger tuúcer to feel
tuúpéneter to tap
tuúdrer to type
iztuúber to point
ivtuúcer to tickle
tuúbginer to poke
tuúser to strum, fiddle
tôab foot tôapéner to kick
tôaper to walk
igtôaper to run
kitôaper to hobble
tôob knee tôocer to kneel
tôoper to crawl
tôeb heel tôepéner to stomp
tôub toe tôuper to tiptoe
tulob nail tuloser to scratch

Bodily fluids and other liquids (tab...il)[edit]

object fluid
tab body tabil humor
teab eye teabil tear
teib nose teibil mucus, snot
tilab breast bil milk (tila dropped)
teub mouth teubil saliva, spit
tiib heart tiibil blood
tiób kidney tióbil urine, piss
tikeb liver tikebil bile
tikub intestine tikubil feces, shit
taób skin taóbil perspiration, sweat
tieb lung tiebil phlegm, sputum
tobij seed tobijil semen
mam sky mamil rain
vafáb grape vafil wine (vafáb shortened to vaf)
voz color vozil paint
dr- write dril ink
mag fire magil petroleum
mag fire maagil fuel
mag fire maegil gasoline
mag fire maigil kerosene
meg rock megil cement
magmeb volcano magmebil lava (fire mountain liquid)
án together ánil glue
mel ground meil mud
tel food telil soup
ovob cereal ovobil meal, porridge
bil milk biel cream
fáb fruit fábil juice
afáb apple afábil apple juice
ufáb prune ufábil prune juice
lafáb orange lafábil orange juice
afáb apple afil cider (afáb shortened to af)
kafáb olive kafábél olive oil
vol vegetable volél vegetable oil
levol beet levolil beet juice
fab tree fabil sap
ávob hop ávil beer (ábov shortened to áv)
levaf ... levafil liqueur
level sugar levil syrup (el < tel food, il < til drink)
tul plate tulil sauce
m- nature mil water
mil water miil liquid
óm ice ómil dew
óm ice ómbiil ice cream
t- human/animal til drink
bek treatment bekil medicine
bok illness bokil poison
cafaéb tea leaf cafaél tea (-b organism to -l liquid)
cefáb coffee bean cefál coffee
  él oil
  fél wax
apelat bee apelatel honey (-el food)
apelat bee apelatél wax (-él oil)
c metaloid cil acid
ílom 80-electron metalloid ílomil mercury
mam sky mal air (mam shortened to ma)
mal air meal gas
mal air mial vapor
amc 1-electron metalloid amcal hydrogen (-al gas)
ímc 8-electron metalloid ímcal oxygen
émc 7-electron metalloid émcal azote

Health (bak)[edit]

bak health
baka healthy
baker to be healthy
bakcer to heal'
bakser to cure
baktun hygiene
baktut hygienist
bakam sanatorium
bakat healthy person
baktel health food
baktelam health food place
baak sanitation
baaka sanitary
obaaka unsanitary
baakser to sanitize
tabak physical health
tebak mental health
bàk safety
bàka safe
bàker to save
bàkser to make safe
bàksud savior
obàk danger, peril
obàka unsafe, dangerous
obàkser to endanger
bek treatment, remedy, cure
beka clinical
beker to treat
bekcer to heal [intr.]
bekser to heal [tr.]
bekler to cure, to remedy
beklacer to be cured
bektun medecine (practice of)
bektut doctor
bekam clinic, hospital, care facility
bekim hospital room
bekat patient
bekut care-giver, nurse
bekil medecine, drug
bekel pill
bekila medicinal
bekilam pharmacy
bekiler to medicate
tebektun psychiatry
tebektut psychiatrist
bekleá curable
obekleá incurable
obekeá untreatable
fubek mistreatment, abuse
fubeker to mistreat, to abuse
bok illness
boka sick
boker to be sick'
bokcer to fall ill
bokser to sicken'
boktun pathology
boktut pathologist
boktuna pathological
bokus pathogen
bokam hospital
bokamber to hospitalize
bokat patient
book fatigue
booka tired
bookcer to grow tired
bookser to tire
bookseá tiresome
bokil poison
bokiler to poison
bokiléna poisonous
obokilam detox facility
ombok cold
teibok influenza, flu
vúrbok infection
ambok inflammation
tebok mental illness
teboka mentally ill
tebokam insane asylum
tebokat mentally ill person
tebook boredom
tebooker to bore
tebookcer to grow bored
tebookca bored
oboker to cure, to heal, to save
obokut savior, healer
egbokcer to relapse
bik care
bikea careful
biker to care for
biktun nursing
biktut nurse
bikam care facility
bikat care patient
bikof bandage
bikofer to bandage
obik lack of care
obiker to leave uncared for
tebiker to care (about)
otebik apathy, lack of concern
otebiker to be unconcerned about
obikea careless
otebikea unconcerned, apathetic
igéga bik urgent care
igéga bikim emergency room
buk wound
buka wounded
buker to wound
bukcer to be wounded
bùk sore
buket scratch
buketer to scratch
bukof patch
bukofber to patch up
bukat trauma patient, victim
buuk harm
buuker to harm
buukeá harmful
buukòa harmless
buukék danger
bók pain
bôk ache
bôkcer to ache
bóker to hurt (someone)
bókcer to be in pain
bókeá painful
bókòa painless
bókòsil painkiller
bôker to ache
bóokcer to suffer
brók agony
bróker to torture
brókeá torturous
brókcer to agonize
tebók anguish
tebókcer to anguish

Clothes (tof)[edit]

body part heavier material lighter material
tob man tof apparel tov underwear
tab body taf suit pontav pijama
teb head tef hat tev scarf
teib nose teif nose cover teiv handkerchief
teób neck teóf tie teóv collar
tuab shoulder tuaf shawl  
tib trunk tif vest  
zetib waist zetif belt zetiv sash
tiab chest nefiaf sweater tiav shirt
tiub belly tiuf corset tiuv underpants
tilab breast   tilav brassiere
tiáb penis   tiáv loin cloth
tób leg tóf pants  
tôab foot tôaf shoe tôav sock
tuáb hand tuáf mit
tuáfém pocket
tuáv glove
tiúb tail tiúf train  

Habitation (tom)[edit]

tom habitation tomer to live, tomud inhabitant
tòm home, tòma domestic
toem place of residence
toom accommodation, lodging, toomer to accommodate
tomet apartment, tometán apartment building
tomof tent
utom property
tomtun architecture, tomtut architect, tomtuna architectural
tombuer to lease,tombuud landlord, dren tombuena lease
tombier to rent, let, tombiud renter, lessee
tomnoc rent

tombel housekeeping, tombelud concierge
ábtom hi-rise
tém residence témer to reside
témud resident
téma residential
vegdren témuda resident's permit
otémud non-resident
tam house tameb master of the house
taam villa
agtam chateau
ivagtam palace
ogtam cottage
tamet cabin
ogtamet hut
potam hotel, igpotam motel
zútam tower
azcatam castle
tamán housing complex
tamózem yard
tameézem courtyard
abtamac roof
zatam facade
telam restaurant
epam station
tilam bar
tuzam museum
dénam library
titam school
tutam institute
nunam store
cesam factory
avolam bakery
bikam hospital
totam church
tabekanam gym
milbam bathhouse
partam garage
beelam warehouse
vobésam farm
tàm building tàmser to build, otàmser to demolish, otàms ruins, tàmsud builder
tamcer to found, tamc foundation
mamtàm skyscraper
tem space abtem attic
obtem basement
ágtem gallery
pemepem parking lot
ponem rest stop
ifekem playground
dropekem battleground
maparem airport
ózem yard, outdoors
ázem flat space
úbem neighborhood
íbem the far side
kum side
abem top
obem bottom
zam front
zom back
zem middle
zém indoors
kunadam frontier
kim slope
ábem upstairs
óbem downstairs
zém tunnel
zèm bridge
ifpem promenade
mimkum beach
ifpopem resort
tujémem cemetery
tatem shrine
zúm zone
ubem destination
ibem origin
pum destination
pimstarting point
starting point
tim room, chamber miltim bathroom
éstim bureau
datim salon, living room
zótim hall, corridor
tjujim bedroom
telim dining room
magelim kitchen
tilim bar
zatim lobby
zotim antechamber
áktim waiting room
timet cubicle, cabin, roomette

Places and containers[edit]

The "place" suffixes am, (e)m, im, ém, and éb are short for and recall tam house, tem space, tim room, ném box, and céb container.

Buildings (-tam, -am)[edit]

t- human-related tam house
nun merchandise nunam store
nac money nacam bank
apelat bee apelatam beehive
pancin cinema pancinam moviehouse
tel food telam restaurant
til drink tilam bar
tier to study titam school
tuer to instruct tutam institute
tata holy tatam church
dénán book collection dénánam library
cuzán art collection cuzánam museum
bekil drug bekilam pharmacy
ep stop epam station
pon rest ponam hotel
bek treatment bekam clinic
bok illness bokam hospital
bik care bikam nursing home
bak health bakam sanatorium
avol bread avolam bakery
dez show dezam theatre
daz dance dazam dance studio
cefál coffee cefálam café
belud guard beludam guardhouse
apet horse apetam stable
koer to hide koam shelter
def paper defam stationery
túj sleep tújam dormitory
voc flower vocam floristry
par vehicle param garage
pat bird patam nest
vab grass vabam grange

Places and spaces (-tem, -em)[edit]

t- human-related tem hall
ep stop epem stopping point
tij birth tijem birthplace
és work ésem factory
ek play ekem playground
dropek war dropekem battlefield
koer to hide koem hideaway
pier to depart piem departure point
puer to arrive puem arrival point
ab on abem top
ob under obem' bottom
áb up ábem upstairs
ób down óbem downstairs
éb between ébem interstice
éz in ézem interior
óz out ózem exterior
ib from ibem origin
ub to ubem destination
ij start ijem starting point
uj end ujem endpoint, goal
úb near úbem vicinity
íb far íbem distance
za before zam front
zo behind' zom back
ze middle' zem center
ák wait akem waiting area
úz around územ environment
round zúm zone
uka empty ukem vacant lot
kua lateral kum side
kua lateral kuem sidelines
kia oblique kiem slope
kes trial kesem proving ground
vab grass vabem prairie
áza flat ázem plain
íja open íjem open area
through zém transit area
across zèm crossing/bridge
záa wide zám expanse
zóa narrow zóm tight spot
pon rest ponem rest area
tapek sport tapekem sports arena
ifzíp tour ifzípem tourist site
ánup meeting ánupem meeting venue
tujém coffin' tujyemem cemetery
ézmelben burial ézmelbem burial ground
tata holy tatem shrine
tesbeler to memorialize tesbelem memorial (site)
nun merchandise nunem marketplace
hea which hem where?
háa every hám everywhere
héa any hém anywhere
hoa no hom nowhere
hua this hum here
hia that him there
gea same gem the same place
teler to eat telem refectory
ób under óbtem cellar
úja open újtem court
ága long ágtem gallery
áb above ábtem attic
zaóz front outside zaóztem front porch
zaéz front inside zaéztem lobby
tier to study titem study hall
tuer to teach tutem class

Rooms (-tim, -im)[edit]

t- human-related tim room
tjujer to sleep tjujim bedroom
teler to eat teltim dining room
mageler to cook magelim kitchen
és work ésim bureau
mil water miltim bathroom
tata holy tatim chapel
vi nice vitim salon
ák wait áktim waiting room
za front zatim lobby
zo back zotim backroom
daer to talk datim parlor
tapek sport tapektim exercise room
teacibar t.v. teacibarim t.v. den
mover to smoke movim smoking den
ón apart óntim compartment
éz in éztim chamber
zóa narrow zótim corridor/hall
tuer to teach tutim classroom
cim chair bimer to sit
cum bed bumer to lie down

Enclosures (-tém, -ném, -ém) and containers (-céb, -éb, -éf)[edit]

t- human-related tém residence
aza strong azém safe
koer to hide koém shelter
pon vacation poném suitcase
mog ash mogém ashtray
óm ice ómém ice chest
voc flower vocém flower bed
voc flower vocéb flower pot
il liquid + neer reserve ilneéb tank
il liquid iléb bottle
il liquid ilcéb carafe
til drink tiléb glass
til drink tilcéb cup
el food elcéb pot
tol food toléb casserole
áz flat+tol consumables áztoléb pan
telil soup teliléb bowl
ber put bém position
tab body tabém posture
tes thought tesbém method
tep mind tebém attitude
eber to stop ebém situation
uka empty ukém slot, vacancy
nac money nacém cashbox
noz jewel nozém jewelry box
n- commercial ném box
nac money nacéf purse
n- commercial néf bag
néf weave néfém basket
faof wood faoféb barrel
mak electricity makéb battery

Building structures (moc) and furniture (com)[edit]

moc floor [stage] amoc ground floor
emoc second floor
imoc third floor
obmoc basement
abmoc penthouse
ébmoc mezzanine
mocpar elevator (also: álbur)
mac wall abmac roof
obmac foundation
ézabmac ceiling
ézobmac floor
uzabmac vault
abzamac balcony
abkumac ledge
macsud mason
mactén masonry (industry)
macán masonry
ózmac outer wall
ézmac inner wall
úzmac fence
mefa mac brick wall
macet fence
ónsmac partition
màc screen
mec door mecag entrance-way
zamec threshold
mic window micet ticket window, porthole
micof blinds
micov curtain
abmic sunroof
micog skylight
muc stairs mucnog step
mùc ladder
zúpea muc escalator
mucim stairwell
igózpen muc fire escape
com item of furniture comber to furnish
comán furniture
comser to make furniture
comsud furniture maker
milcom sink
comiper to move
cam closet telarcam buffet
tofcam clothes closet
déncam bookcase
macam cupboard
comoc shelf
tovcam linen closet
ècam alcove
cem table drecem desk
cèm pulpit
cemném drawer
cemof table cloth
cemób table leg
cemet board
úscemet serving tray
tilcem bar
cágcem counter
cemaper to sit down at the table (also: bemer)
cim chair cìm seat
agcim armchair
ágcim couch
ciim bench
ècim stool
tôabcim footstool
cimub arm rest
cimzom seat back
baanetcim rocking chair
zoólbcim recliner
milnef cim bucket seat
cimbier to occupy a seat
cimbuer to seat (someone)
cimober to unseat
cimaper to sit down (also: bimer)
cum bed cuam cushin
cuàm pillow
cuem mattress
cuav bedspread
cuev sheet
cuef cover
cuim box springs
cumnán litter
cumaper to go to bed, lie down (also: bumer)

Food (tol)[edit]

tol foodstuffs toler to feed
tola alimentary
tolcéb pot
toléb casserole
áztoléb pan
tolam grocery store, market, tolamud grocer
tolar eating utensil, tolarán dishes
tolnún produce, groceries
tel (prepared) food teler to eat
otel hunger, otelcer to hunger, otela hungry, otelag famine, oteltujer to starve (to death)
telun edible (item)
vitelyd gourmet
vitelea gourmand
telam restaurant, telamet cafe, telamseb restauranteur
telém buffet
teléb plate, telébar serving tray
telar fork, telarán place setting, cutlery
telim kitchen
telten culinery
telsur cooker
telsud cook
telseb chef
telil soup, teliléb soup bowl
magtelur stove
teleá edible, oteleá inedible
teluz taste teluzer to taste
tèluz savor, tèluza savory, tèluzer to savor
oteluz disgust
oteluza disgusting
oteluzer to be disgusted
til drink tiler to drink
otil thirst
otilcer to thirst
otila thirsty
otilag draught
tilam bar
tilamag brasserie
tiléb glass
tilcéb bowl
tìlcéb cup
tilar spoon
tilarag soup spoon
tilarog teaspoon
tileá potable, otileá non-potable
omtil refreshment, soft-drink
tul dish, served food tulán meal
atulán breakfast, atuláner to eat breakfast
etulán lunch, etuláner to lunch
itulán dinner,ituláner to dine
jatul appetizer
jotul dessert
ébtul snack
tuléb platter
tulil soup
tulánag banquet
tuldren menu
tulusud waiter, tulusudán wait staff, tulusdeb head waiter, maitre d' , tulúsnac (restaurant) tip
tuljób mealtime
-ol/ól (solid) taol meat,taolam butcher shop, taolud butcher, taolil stew, úgtaol beef steak, ápetaol sausage, ápetól ham
mimol salt, mimolika salty
vavol salade, greens
avol bread, avolet bread crumb, abavol crust, avolek flour, avolam bakery, avolud baker
ébcavol sandwich
cabavol slice of bread
ázavol pancake, flatbread, pizza
úzavol wrap, burrito
góavol crepe
leavol pastry
leávol cake
aleavol brioche
umleavol cookie
umcavol cracker, biscuit
uzleavol croissant
afleavol fruit pie
taoleavol meatpie
leavolser to make pastry
leavolsud pastrymaker
leavolam patisserie
-el/él/ál (semi-solid) eopel beef, gocra eopel ground beef, gocra eopel ébcavol hamburger
uopel mutton
ápel pork
él oil
kafabél olive oil
gevobél corn oil
magél cooking oil
tàal fat, grease
mageler to cook
magéler to fry
level sugar, levela sweet, leveler to sweeten, lèvel candy, levil syrop, lèvelud confectioner, lèvelam confectionary
elcéb pot
ápel pork, ápelán pork meats, ápelam pork butchery
-il (liquid) iléb bottle
tuil sauce
tulil soup
vafil wine
ígvafil vinegar
afil cider
ávil beer
levafil liqueur
bil milk, bilam dairy, bilíg cheese, bilúg butter
bilúgl yoghurt
abil cream
fáblevil compote
fábil fruit juice
taobil gravy, jus
levil syrup
apelatil honey
mag- mageler to cook, magelur cooker
magiler to boil, magilur boiler
màgiler to broil, màgilur broiler
magler to roast, maglúr roaster
abmagler to grill, abmaglur grill
magéler to fry, magélur frier
magoler to bake, magolur oven
magler to roast, maglur roaster
magtelur stove
magsur burner
gopar knife  

Time (job)[edit]

job time joba temporal
ponjob vacation
ógjob short while, ógjoba temporary
ívjob leasure
ágjob longtime, ágjoba chronic
jejoba chronic
zé job over time
ádjob eternity, ádjoba eternal
gonjoba part-time
jobúgc delay, jobúgser to delay, jobúgca delayed
jobigc haste, jobigcer to hurry
kóca (jonabca) jobem appointment
jobnabs schedule
jobdaf schedule
joob period joòb era, epoch
joobag eon
joobog short period
jooba periodic
jooban periodicity
joobà periodically
odjobu? when?
udjobu now
idjobu then
ádjobu always
ódjobu never
édjobu whenever
gedjobu at the same time
ogedjobu some other time
údjobu sometime
jab year jaba annual
cojab century, cojaba secular
jabij new year
jabuj year's end
jabdén yearbook
jabzòp anniversary
jeb season jeba seasonal
jeab spring
jeeb summer
jeib autumn
jeub winter
jib month jiba monthly
ijib trimester
ájib semester
jiab January
jieb February
jiib March
jiub April
jiób May
jiáb June
jiéb July
jiíb August
jiáb September
jilob October
jilab November
jileb December
jub day juba daily
éjub week, éjuba weekly
juab Monday
jueb Tuesday
juib Wednesday
juub Thursday
juób Friday
juáb Saturday
juéb Sunday
ponjub holiday
ívjub day off
ádjubu every day, ádjuba daily
jubdén diary
jubdrén newspaper, jubdréna journalistic, jubdrénud journalist
zojub yesterday
udjub today
zajub tomorrow
ivjub feast, ivjuber to feast, ivjuber to celebrate
tijub birthday
agtijub Christmas
zòtujub Easter
jób hour jóba hourly
jóbar clock
tíjóbar alarm clock
tubjóbar wrist watch
jóbándaf schedule
jáb minute jâb moment, jâba momentary
jéb second jêb instant, jêba instantaneous
maj daytime maja diurnal
ijmaj dawn
imaj morning
ujmaj dusk
umaj evening
èmaj noon
joèmaj afternoon
fimaj good day!
fiumaj good evening!
ádmaju every morning udmaju this morning zomaju yesterday morning zomaju tomorrow morning
moj night moja nocturnal
èmoj midnight
fimoj good night!
ádmoju every night
udmoju tonight
jud date judrer to date
jojudrer to postdate
jajudrer to antedate
judar calendar
judaf calendar
judén datebook
odjudu on what date
udjudu on this date idjudu on that date
jàg age jaga old, jagat elder, jagan old age, jagat bikam elder care facility, jagcer to age, jagca aged, ágcea ageing
joga young/new, jogan youth (state), jogat youth (person), jogatán youth (coll.), egjogser to rejuvenate/renew, joganéna youthful
gajàga elder
gojàga younger
gejàga of the same age, as old (as)
jéga adult
jega middle aged
jòga adolescent
ojéga minor
gájàga eldest
gójàga youngest
glajàga antique, ancient
glojàga brand new, very young
odjàg how old?

Time expressions[edit]

expression example
ja before Yujo mani ja et pio. Turn out the lights before you leave.
je while Tobob tuja je tújá. The child died while sleeping.
jo after Jo teacera mavi it igípa. After seeing the flames, he fled.
ji since Aita tijé ga fià ji dropek úja. We have been living better since the war ended.
ju until Ju et agco, et ho tido. Until you grow up, you won't understand.
early Ga já ga fi. The earlier the better.
on time Valco puer jé. Be sure to arrive on time.
late Ho puo já! Don't arrive late!
zojubu yesterday Hè mamila zojubu? Did it rain yesterday?
udjubu today Iyt deuzo udjubu. She is going to sing today.
zajubu tomorrow At ikso dén zajubu. I will finish the book tomorrow.
zomoju last night Hè et fi túja zomoju? Did you sleep well last night?
udmoju tonight Udmoju ho eco màri mamu. Tonight there will be no stars in the sky.
zamoju tomorrow night Tijuba vitul aco zamoju. The birthday feast will occur tomorrow night.
jazojubu the day before yesterday Vab gorfàa jazojubu. The grass had been mowed the day before yesterday.
jozajubu the day after tomorrow Avolam íjco jozajubu. The bakery will open the day after tomorrow.
already Uvà eta ted jà pia. Sadly, your father has already left.
gaj still Hè pati gaj tijea? Are the birds still alive?
yet Hè et jù teuca hia pancin? Have you seen this movie yet?
aju in the past Uti sá hubén aju. People used to act that way in the past.
eju at present Eju ait ukce mil. At present, we are out of water.
oju in the future Et fi to oju. You'll know better in the future.
ji idjob since then, thenceforth Ji idjob eca hoga sejeti. Since then, there have been no further incidents.
jo udjob from now on, henceforth Jo udjob at éso ga tepazà. From now on I will work more diligently.
ju idjob until then Ju idjob at ho teacàa ídcuni. Until then, I had not seen such things.
ju udjob until now, up to now, so far Hot ózpa ju udjob. Nobody has emerged so far.
iju first At vagó iju ivader et av updier at. I would first like to thank you for inviting me.
next Jò ait teeco drez Sekspira. Next we shall hear a poem by Shakespeare.
uju finally Elánidpar uju pua. The train has finally arrived.
gloja recently Iit gloja tadca. They recently married.
glojo soon Jobipar co him glojo. The taxi will be here soon.
glaja a long time ago Hua pancin ózpa glaja. That movie came out a long time ago.
glajo a long time hence Dropek ujco glajo. The war will come to an end a long time from now.
gója just At gója ijeaca eta vóon. I just now noticed your error.
úbji just At úbji ijeaca eta vóon. I just now noticed your error.
úbju almost At úbju aka. I almost won.
ja ago Keus aca ja e jub. The accident occurred two days ago.
glaj for a long time At ésa hum glaj. I worked there for a long time.
gloj for a short time At ésa him anà gloj. I worked here only for a short time.
ókbénà suddenly, all of a sudden Yokbénà teuzibar ceusa. Suddenly the phone rang.
igjobu suddenly, all of a sudden Igjobu teuzibar ceusa. Suddenly the phone rang.
odjobu? when? Odjobu et sa uda cizun? When did you do this painting?
adjobu when (relative) At sa cizun adjobu at ca joga. I did the painting when I was young.
ji odjob? since when? for how long? Ji objob et ce tadca? How long have you been married?
ju odjob until when?, how long Ju odjob et drecéo eta dén? How long will you be writing your book?
idjubu then, at that time Et ca via idjubu. You were beautiful then.
udjubu now, at this time At ése ge tuut udjubu. I work as a teacher now.
ádjubu always, all the time Iyt ádjubu teubòze. She always smiles.
údjubu sometime Iyt egteapo údjubu. She'll visit again someday.
ódjubu never Ata épet ódjubu épede. My dog never barks.
ju ádjub forever Iit áke beer tadca ju ádjub. They hope to remain married forever.
édjubu ever, anytime Et vege teaper édjubu et vage. You can visit anytime you like.
údjubu sometime At teapo et údjubu úboju. I will visit you sometime in the near future.
ogedjubu some other time Et égo uper ogedjubu. You'll have to come some other time.
ídjubu at such a time Ait ége doer ídjubu. We must be silent at such a time.
gedjubu at the same time Yad e nidpari pua gedjubu. Both trains arrived at the same time.
vo...gaj no longer, anymore At vo vage gaj teacer et. I don't want to see you any longer.
odjopi? how often? Odjopi et pe pancinu? How often to you go to the movies? (jop instance in time)
ajop once Et ége utmilabaner ajop jubè. You must bathe once a day.
ejopi twice At vísa par ejopi. I washed the car twice.
glajopi often Ait deuze ánà glajop. We often sing together.
glojopi seldom At glojopi teaca ídcun. Seldom have I seen such a thing.
gaijopi sometimes, at times Iyt ceace geijopi jó. She sometimes shows up late.
ojop never At ojop vóde. I never lie.
ídjop so often Et ídjop abdabe ébdaen. You dominate the conversion so often.
gejopi as often Upo gejopi vé et vage. Come as often as you like.
gajopi more often Ata ted datupe gajopi vé ja. My father visits more often than before. ( than)
gojopi less often At zípe gojopi udjubi. I travel less often these days.
géjopi quite often Nun ce géjopi nasaga. The merchandise is quite often expensive.
grajopi too often Et tile grajopi. You drink too often.
grojopi too infrequently At ózpe tam grajopi. I get out of the house too infrequently.
gájopi as often as possible Et ége milaber voci gájopi. You should water the flowers as often as possible.
gójopi as seldom as possible At ázte maru gójopi. I lie in the sun as seldom as possible.

Beginning and ending (ijer, ujer)[edit]

The following table shows j (time) words that forms parallels on the basis of the iu ordinal vowel opposition:
ijer to begin ujer to end
ij beginning uj end
ija initial uja final
tijer to be born tujer to die
tij birth tuj death
tija natal, born tuja mortal, dead
tijser to birth tujser to kill
majij dawn majuj dusk
tobij ovum>  
vabij seed  
patij egg  
magijer to spark magujer to extinguish
manijer to light manujer to turn off
esijer to set in motion esuj to terminate
tesij idea  
jabij new year's jabuj year's end
íjer to open újer to close
íj opening új close
íja open úja closed
íjar key újar lock
íjem passageway újem dead end
íjofer to unfold újofer to fold
íjden introduction újden conclusion
tíjer to wake tújer to sleep
tíj wakefulness túj sleep
tíja awake túja asleep

aj past aju in the past, then ajer to delay taj former life ja before early
ej present eju at present, now ejer to wait tej life je during on time
oj future oju in the future ojer to preempt toj afterlife jo after late
ij beginning iju in the beginning, at first ijer to begin tij birth ji since  
uj end uju in the end, at last ujer to end tuj death ju until  

Natural phenomena (mor, mar, etc.)[edit]

mor universe mora universal,
mòr cosmos mòra cosmic, mòrtun cosmology
mar sun mara solar, marnad sun ray
màr star màra stellar, màrán constellation, màránag galaxy, màrtun astronomy
mer planet mear Mercury
meer Venus
meir Earth
meur Mars
meór Jupiter
meár Saturn
meér Uranus
meír Pluto
mir world mira global
amir north, amira nordic
omir south, omira southern
imir east, imira oriental
umir west, umira occidental
emir equator, emira equatorial
mur moon mura lunar
mùr satellite
muar comet
muer meteor
muerog meteorite
mol nature mola natural, omola artificial
mul matter mula material, multun physics
mulet particle
amul atom
amulán molecule
amulet atomic particle
amula atomic, amulzem nucleus, amulzema nuclear
emul electron
imul proton
umul neutron
umulet neutrino
ámul quark
mal air mala aerial
màl gas
maal atmosphere
mael troposphere
mail stratosphere
maul ionosphere
maól exosphere
malp airwave
mam sky mama celestial, mamnad horizon, mamèzún rainbow, mamceus thunder
mamevan weather
mamevantun meteorology
maem space maema spatial, paem spacecraft, maempopud astronaut
map wind maap gust
maep breeze
maip puff
mapag cyclone
mapaget storm
maper to blow
maiper to puff
maf cloud maaf stratus
maef nimbostratus
maif cumulus
mauf cumulonimbus
maóf stratocumulus
màaf allocumulus
maéf allostratus
maíf cirrocumulus
maúf cirrostratus
malof cirrus
óbmaf nimbus
mafàa cloudy
mafòa cloudless
mel ground, earth mela terrestrial, meltun geography
ánmel continent, ánmela continental
ónmel island, ónmela insular
mem country meam region
meem land
meim countryside
memcin scenery
memud peasant
ázmem plain
ázmeam valley
ázmeem dale
ukmem desert
ènukmem steppe
vabem prairie
vabemet meadow
ébmem isthmus
ézmelber to bury
mep way mèp route
meap road
meep path
meip lane, track
meup pass
mepet alley
uzmep detour
izmep bee-line
kumep sidewalk
domep highway
óbmep subway
meb mountain
mebán mountain chain
ázmeb plateau
miekmeb dune
magmeb volcano, magmeba volcanic, magmebil lava
mèb mount
meab hill
meabet hillock
met garden zamet front yard, zomet back yard, kumet side yard, vocmet flower garden
med park potmed zoo, fabmed arboretum, pemed parking lot
mom underground moma subterranean
mompar subway
momesem mine, momesud miner
mob precipice mòb abyss
moab canyon
moeb ravine
moib cave
moub ditch
mop tunnel  
mim sea mima marine
mimag ocean
miam lake
miem pond
miim marsh
mióm swamp
ézmim bay
midom port
mimkum shore
mimázkum beach
mimuzkum gulf
ébmim strait
mimpop ocean cruise
mimbok seasickness
mimanar lighthouse
mit basin  
mip river mipa fluvial, miper to flow, run
miap river
miep stream
miip brook
mipet tributary
igmip torrent, igmipa torrential
ébmip canal
mipkum riverbank
mimzèmep bridge
mipugar dam
mipàa riparian
mil water mila aquatic
óbmila underwater
mamil rain
mamiler to rain
mileter to drip, milet drop, miletog droplet, mileteá drippy
umilóbiner to drown [intr.]
milpóer to drown [intr.]
miltujer to drown, miltujat drowning victim, miltuj drowning
milper to swim
milber to water, irrigate
milpón waterfall
milabaner to wash [tr.], utmilabaner to bathe, milaban bath, milabanim bathroom, milabanam bathhouse, milabaném bathtub
miltim bath, washroom
milcom sink
ilper to flow, ilp flux, current
iligper to gush, stream
ilaper to float, ilapar flotation device
ilukser to flush, iluksar toilet
ilikser to flood, iliks inundation
gámiluper to flood, gámilup flood
ilóper to downpour
ilzíber to spray
ilpúner to squirt
ilpáner to gush
iloker to leak, ilok leak
ilpéner to splash
tiibiloker to bleed
ilzéper to leak, ilzép leak
ogilzéper to trickle, ogilzép trickle
zoílper to back up with water, zoílp reflux
ilpan wave
ilpanet ripple
ilápóper to undulate, ilápóp undulation, wave action
mimupip tide, mimupipa tidal
mimbin tide, mibina tidal
mimpán surf, mimpánud surfer, mimpán faof surfboard
ilbuner to pump, ilbunar pump
milbiner to pump, draw water, milbinar pump, milbinéc well
ilaber to pour
utmilzíber to take a shower
milbím spring
tilcom drinking fountain
milbíc fountain
mimper to navigate, sail, mimpar ship
mimpoper to sail, travel by sea, mimpop cruise, sea voyage, mimpopud sea voyager, mimpopar cruise ship
ima wet imcer to get wet,imsrer to drench, ìmser to dampen, iman wetness, ìman humidity, olimsar dehumidifier
uma dry uman dryness, umser to dry, umsar dryer, umca dried
ama hot aman heat, amanàg temperature, àma warm, àman warmth, amser to heat, amsar heater
oma cold oman cold, òma cool, omser to cool, omsur refrigerator, òmser to refresh, òmsea refreshing, òmsun refreshment
óm ice óma frozen, ómser to freeze, ómsur freezer
óom frost, óoma frosted, óomcer to frost over, olóomser to defrost, ovóomil antifreeze
man light maer to shine
manet glimmer, maneter to glimmer
manser to light up
maníjer to turn on the light
manújer to turn off the light
manager to illuminate
màna clear, mànser to clarify, mànan clarity
lomàna opaque
manig sparkle, maniger to sparkle
kumaner to reflect
zòmaner to mirror, zòmanar mirror
mag fire magar match, magam fireplace
magser to burn, magsar burner
magcer to burn (intr.), magca burned, magcun a burn
mageler to cook, magelud a cook, magelun cuisine, magelar oven, magelur frying pan
magújer to extinguish a fire, magújud fireman, magújam' fire department

magil petroleum
magìl napth
maagil fuel
maegil gasoline
maigil kerosene

mav flame maver to flame, maveá flammable, mavser to inflame, mavsen inflammation, mavugea flame retardant
mak electricity maka electrical, makser to electrify, makéna electronic, maktun electronics, makveg electric power, makvegam electric power plant
mov smoke mover to smoke, movikca smoke-filled, movet plume
mon dark mona dark, moncer to grow dark, monser to darken (tr.)
otmon shadow, otmonéna shadowy
mòn shade, mòna shady, obscure, mònan obscurity
meg stone megéna (made of) stone, megàa rocky, megunkum cinder block
megag boulder
megog pebble
meag marble
meeg slate
meig granite
meug clay
meóg clay
meág chalk
meég limestone
meíg alabaster
meúg rubble stone
mealog sandstone
megóg gravel
mieg pebble
mameg coal
maameg anthracite
èmameg coke
maemeg peat
maimeg lignite
mek dust mék powder
méik paste
mékar mill
mékam mill
meil mud
mef brick abmef tile
mev porcelaine  
mez gemstone amez diamond
emez topaze
imez ruby
ómez sapphire
ámez amethyste
vamez emerald
jewelry, mezánam jewelry shop

Money (nac)[edit]

naz value nazer to be worth, nazika valuable, nazuka worthless, nazder to evaluate, nazter to esteem, utnaz merit, utnazer to deserve, utnazika meritorious, onazteá inestimable, nazta esteemed
nas price nasaga expensive, nasoga cheap, nasán rates, nasuka priceless
nàs cost, nàser to cost, nàsaga costly, nàsòa cost-free, nàsán costs, nàsder to cost out
nac money nacet change, nacetéb coin purse, nacdref check, jonacdref bill, nacán capital, ánac funds, ánàc sum, nactun finance, donactun economy, nacam bank, nacika rich, nacuka poor, úsnac gratuity, tip, nasak profit, nacok loss, gornacdren stock, gornacdrenam stock market, yebkyanac commission, nacyeg debt, nacyegaya indebted, nacyeger to owe money
noc expense nocer to spend, nòc fee, funoc waste, finoca generous
nec savings necer to save, necán savings, cágdin necána savings account, funeca stingy, nècer to economize
nuc payment nucer to pay out, nucbier to buy, nucbiud buyer, nucbiudán clientele, dobnuc tax, nucvegeá solvable, jobnuc credit, jobnucud creditor, jobnucdaf credit card, januc prepayment, zònucer to reimburse
nic income nicer to collect, cash, nicán revenue, nicbuer to pay for, nicbuud vendor, ésnic salary, ésnìc wage, tutnic honorarium, égnicag tribute, dobnic pension, dotnic allowance, donic annuity, ésnicud wage earner, jonic debit, jonicud debitor, jonicdaf debit card, zònicerto recover

Merchandise (nun) and materials (nof)[edit]

nun merchandise nunam store, nunàm boutique, nunamet shop, nunamán shopping center, nunem market, nunud merchant, nunébkán commerce, nundel advertisement, nunemtun marketing, nuler to acquit,
noz jewel nozud jeweler, nozam jewelry shop, nozán jewelry, nozika bejeweled, tuóz bracelet, obtez necklace, tuúz ring, tiaz broche, teez earring, tez crown, teiz nose ring, nozkobilud jewel thief
nof material nofser to weave, nofsar loom, nofán textiles
tof clothes taf suit
tif vest, etc.
nov linen nòv sheet
novet rag
milnov towel
milnovet handtowel
milov wash cloth
naf cloth naaf drape/curtain, naafán drapery
naef canvas
naif velvet
nauf net
nef knit, yarn nefser to knit, yarn
neef lace
nif thread, wire nifser to thread, wire
nìf string
nifet filament
nifar needle
nivar pin, ánifer to sew, ánifur sewing machine, ániftén couture, nifòa wireless, maknif electrical cord
náf knot náfser to knot
níf cord nífet lace
nífetog braid
néf sack, bag ném box, némag case, poném suitcase, áznéfem basket
nóf film nóv ribbon
núf button núfec buttonhole (zéc hole)
fuf pipe fùf tube
tilfuf drinking straw
tiibuf artery (fub branch)
zúf post zúfet column, pimzúf mast, zézúf cross-beam
zúv stick zúvet cane, ágzúv pole
faof board faocéb barrel (fab tree + nof material + céb container)
mez crystal meg stone + naz value
zéf glass zév glass
cinzéf mirror, cimzéf window pane (zéteaser see through + nof material)
utaéf wool upet sheep
apeéf silk apeét worm
favof cotton favob cotton plant
fivof hemp fivob hemp plant
fuvof jute fuvob jute plant
favov cotton wool favob cotton plant
taóf leather taób skin + nof material
taéz fur taéb hair + naz value

Measures and dimensions (nag)[edit]

nog degree anoga primary
enoga secondary
inoga tertiary
unoga quaternary
henoga to what degree, how?
nogper to step, zànogper to advance, progress, step ahead, zònogper to step back, regress, ábnogper to step up, be promoted, advance, óbnogper to step down, be demoted, nogà by degrees
nòg grade, step, nogéna gradual, ujnògper to graduate, ujnògpud graduate
noog stage, level, status, enooga bi-level, two-staged, ábnooga high-status, dotnoog social status, class, óbdotnooga low-class, kódotnoog caste
nag dimension anaga one-dimensional
enaga two-dimensional
inaga three-dimensional
glanaga multi-dimensional

nàg measure, size', nàger to measure, genàga commensurate, onnàgeá immeasurable, zenayga moderate, ozenayga immoderate, zenaygaser to moderate, naygar meter (measuring device), nayga metric, naygpar taxi

neg level genega even, ogenega uneven, odd, glanega multiplanar, negar level (planing device), enega bi-level, ébnega interplanar
nég space néga spatial, onég void, glanéga spacious, ónanég interval, ónanégser to space out, tomnég Lebensraum, cf. néb container
nib row, rank nibser to arrange, nibcer to adapt, niber to array, oniber to disarray, óniber to topple, nibémer to dispose, ábniba high-ranking
nip order, turn, sequence, queue nipber to order, onip disorder, onipber to mess up, nipba ordered, orderly, neat, sequential, onipba out of sequence, out of order, messed up, Heta nip ce? Whose turn is it?, jonipa next, janipa prior, niper to queue up, to line up, to get in order, zínipber to sort, vánip proper order, order
nud column nuda columnar, nibnubi coordinates, nibnubcan grid, matrix, row-column format
nod point zenod mid-point, center, zénod hub, intersection, ábnod high-point, climax, apex, óbnod low-point, nadir, ijnod starting point, ujnod endpoint, butt, terminal, drenod period, dot
ned surface, plane, face neda superficial, planar, záned stretch
nedet facet, glaneda multifaceted
nid line
(cf. nif wire)
nida linear, teacnid light of sight, nidber to align, obnider to underline, nidar ruler, elánid rail, jopnid track, kunid edge, border, rim, zyunid circumference, boundary, zyeiznid perpendicular (line), zyeiznida perpendicular, mamnid horizon, yaztanida horizontal, yabtanida vertical, kinid diagonal, zeynid transversal, kinida diagonal, zenid midline, nidcer to line up, queue up, form a line, iznid straight line, geizana nid parallel line, ébnida interlinear, drenid line of text, zanid front-line, frontier, forward line, óznid limit, íbnid limit
nìd ray, radius, nìdcer to radiate, marnìd sun ray, nìda radial
niid trait
néd volume
(cf. néb container)
nédàa voluminous, zúnéd sphere
gekumnéd cube
cag number caga numeric, cager to number, cág count, cáger to count, cáag calculation, cágar computer, cáagar calculator, cágud accountant, cágán account
nan time (frequency) anan one time
enan twice
glanan often, glanana frequent
glonan seldom
henan how often?


kín weight  
azan strength  
igan velocity  
íban distance  
izan direction  
ágan length  
záan width  
óban depth  
ában height  
zúan girth  
bar pressure  
kítan gravity  
gáan thickness  
ígan solidity  
zeban density  
maan brightness  
nangan frequency egan repetition, nan time(s)
jag age  
voz color  
gan quantity  
fin quality  
cág number meaning count; number is cag
nog degree  
nébgan volume nég volume, meaning a solid
végan ratio  
nas cost  
naz value  
zènidgan diameter as a line: zènid
zúnidgan circumference  
ènzègan radius as a line: nìd
nag dimension  
neg level  
nib row  
nip order also: turn, sequence
nub column (on a grid)
can shape  
néd volume, solid zúnéd sphere, gekumnéd cube, zúfnéd cylinder, defábnéd cone, aginéd cone
nid line kunid border, zúnid contour, zénid transverse, zéiznid perpendicular, kinid diagonal, áztanid horizontal, ábtanid vertical, zenid midline, iznid vector, uznid curve, curved line, geizana nid parallel
gun angle gegun right angle, gagun obtuse angle, gogun sharp angle, igun triangle, ugegun rectangle, uogegun rhomboid
nod point zenod midpoint, zúnod turning point, zénod intersection
kum side ágkum hypotenuse, abkum topside, obkum bottom, gekuma equilateral, ekuma bilateral, glakuma multilateral, ugekum square
ned plane eneda biplane, glaneda multifaceted
zúc circle èzúc semi-circle, zûc oval
zúfuf cylinder  
gin tip, point aginéd cone

Instruments and Machines (-ar, -ir, -ur)[edit]

The -ar suffix is used for instruments and devices in general. The -ir suffix is used for machines, while -ur is used for motors and engines. The distinction is only made when necessary.

Vehicles (par)[edit]

zíp travel zíper to travel, zíptam hotel, zípem travel destination, zìpud traveler, ifzíp tourism, ifzípud tourist, zípdren passport, zípmep itinerary, zípém suitcase or zípa ném suitcase
par vehicle para vehicular, parupip traffic, parzíp traffic, pareper to park, parepam garage, parepem parking lot
nunpar truck
éspar truck
nunparet van
makabnifpar tram(electrified overhead wire car)
binifpar trolley, cable car (pulled cable car)
elánaadpar train (iron rail car), elánaadpar epam railway station
naadpar train
ágpar train
gorsémpar train (compartmented vehicle)
dompar bus (city vehicle), dompar epam bus station, bus stop dompar epem
tánpar bus (people vehicle)
zípar bus (roundabout vehicle)
ébdompar motorcoach (intercity vehicle)
paret cart, wagon
curezúcpar motorcycle, parizber to drive/pilot, parizbud driver/pilot, parizbuda vegdren driver's license, pilot's license
taxi, cab
mamp flight mamper to fly, mampud aviator, mampen aviation
mampar airplane mamparam hangar, mamparem airport, mamparet small plane, memparag jumbo jet, zípuda mampar passenger plane, nunkína mampar cargo plane, dropeka mampar warplane, zúptuba mampar helicopter ("rotating wing plane")
memp ride memper to ride
mempar car memparam carport, garage, meparem parking lot, nàga mempar taxi
mimp sea voyage mimper to sail, mimpena maritime
mimpar ship mimparem marina, mimparof sail, óbmimpar submarine, mimparud mariner, mimpartim ship cabin, mimzíp cruise, mimpareb ship captain, nunmimpar cargo ship
maimpar hydroplane  
meampar funicular  
mompar subway momparem subway station, mompar zémep subway tunnel


c- object car tool
carán toolset
tuábcar handtool
éscar work tool
carném toolbox
egcarser to retool, repair
egcarsud repair technician
c- object càr instrument
càrán instrumentation
càréna instrumental
càrcer to be instrumental
c- object cur device
curán equipment
curbàser to equip
dopcurán ordnance
c- object cúr apparatus, system
cúra systemic
cúraser to systematize
c- object cir machine
cirán machinery
cira mechanical
cirud mechanic
ciraser to mechanize
c- object cír motor, engine
círàa motorized
círàser to motorize
c- object cìr mecanism  
p- go par vehicle, car
para vehicular
parupip traffic
parepam garage
parepem parking lot
círpar motor vehicle
círezúcpar motorcycle (also: círezúc motorbike)
goper to cut gopar knife
goparer to stab
ígfagoper to saw ígfagopar saw
gofer to shear gofar scissors, shears
grorber to shave grorbar shaver, razor
úzbaler to pinch úzbalar pliers
úzbalaret tweezers
zúfod screw zúfodar screwdriver
apéner to hit apénar hammer
apénarer to hammer
mamil rain ovmamilar umbrella
póner to fall ovpónar parachute
mar sun ovmarar parasol
biner to pull binar handle
mobser to dig mobsar excavator
uklan hollow uklar shovel
zéc hole zécbar bore
nofázer to iron nofázar iron
nofázenfaof ironing board
aman heat amsar heater
oman cold omsar refrigerator
óm ice ómsar freezer
ánifer to sew ánifur sewing machine
nif thread nifar needle
nivar pin
mék powder mékar mill, grinder
taéb hair taébar comb
taébarer to comb
vícer to clean vícar brush, sweep
'vícarer to brush, sweep
albaner to wipe albanar mop
albanarer to mop
álber to lift álbur elevator
teler to eat telar fork
tiler to drink tilar spoon
iber to receive ibar receiver
uber to send ubar transmitter
íjer to open íjar key, opener
azújer to lock azújar lock
céb container cébíjar opener (for cans, bottles, etc.)
dopa military dopar weapon
doapar gun

dopur rifle
igdopur machine-gun
dopir canon
doapir bazooka

mageler to cook magelar cooker
magiler to boil magilar boiler
magler to roast maglar roaster, oven
abmagler to grill abmaglar grill
tel food + éber to hold telébar platter
telarán dishes telarán milbar dishwasher
il liquid + újer to close ilújar faucet
mip river + ugser to brake mipugsar dam
mil water + ukser to flush miluksar toilet
drer to write drar pen
drear pencil
uga slow ugsar brake
úgcra elastic úgcrar spring
eker to play ekar toy
cág count cágar calculator
cágir computer
mancin photo mancinar camera
panmancin movie panmancinar movie camera
ceus sound ceusdrar recorder
ceus sound + iber to receive ceusibar radio
cin image + iber to receive cinibar television
teuz voice + iber to receive teuzibar telephone
mak electricity + cyefet cell makcéfet teuzibar cellphone
nif wire onifa teuzibar wireless phone
pan motion paneá teuzibar mobile phone
tuúb finger + drer write tuúdrar keyboard, typewriter
tun datum + káls conversion ébtunkálsar modem

Animals (pot)[edit]

All animal terms contain the notions of mobile (p) and organism (t).


pot animal (in general)
pót wild beast
pat bird
pet animal (land)
pét reptile
pelt insect
pit fish

Domesticated animals (pet)[edit]

male female child home noise other
pot animal pòt female animal potob baby animal potmet zoo poder to make an animal noise potun zoology
potuna zoological
potmet zoo
potuj hunt, potujud hunter, potujer tohunt
potaéb mane
poteub muzzle
poteib snout
potub paw
potuúb claw
tiúb tail
teúb horn
tampot pet, poténa animalistic, potán animalia, potan animality
apet horse apèt mare apetob foal apetam stable apeder to neigh apeta equine
apetapen equitation
apetigpek horse race
apetigpekam hippodrome
aopet gelding
epet bull epèt cow epetob calf epetam bull pen epeder to snort, epèder to moo epeta bovine
eapet buffalo
eopel beef
ipet ass ipèt she-ass ipetob donkey   ipeder to bray, hehaw iapet mule
upet ram upèt ewe upetob lamb   upeder to bleat uopet sheep, uopetbelud shepherd
utaef wool
íopel mutton
ópet goat ópèt nanny-goat ópetob kid     ópetbelud goatherder
ótaéf goat's hair
ápet hog ápèt sow ápetob piglet ápetam pigpen ápeder to squeal ápeta porcine
ápetôafud 'pig's foot
épet dog épèt bitch épetob pup épetam doghouse épeder to bark épeta canine, êpetob puppy
ípet cat ípèt she-cat ípetob kitten ípetam cathouse ípeder to meow, îpeder to purr ípeta feline, ípetobán litter
úpet rabbit úpèt doe rabbit ípetob baby rabbit úpetam rabbit cage   úpetôafud rabbit's foot
úlpet hare
tapet monkey tapèt female monkey     tapeder to make monkey noises taapet chimpanzee, tapetag ape
gapet elephant   gapetob elephant cub     gapeit hippopotamus
gepet rhinoceros          
vapet stag, hart vapèt doe, hind vapetob fawn      
vepet deer          
vipet roebuck          
vupet chamois          
vópet llama          
vápet antilope          
vépet gazelle          
vípet elk, moose          
fapet camel fapèt she-camel        
fepet dromadery          
kapet squirrel          
kepet polecat          
kipet badger          
kupet otter          
kópet weasel, stone marten          
kápet beaver          
képet ermine, stoat          
sapet hedgehog          
sepet porcupine          
sipet mole          
zapet tortoise         zapeit turtle
zataób turtle shell
klapet rat   klapetob baby rat klapetam rat's nest    
klepet mouse   klepetob young mouse   klapeder to squeek klepetar mouse (computer device)

Wild animals ( pyot )[edit]

male female child home noise other
ápót boar          
rapót lion rapôt lioness rapótob lion cub rapótam lion's den rapóder to roar  
repót tiger repôt tigress repótob tiger cub repótam tiger's den repóder to growl  
ripót leopard ripôt female leopard ripótob leopard dub     riapót panther
riepót jaguar
riipót puma
riupót lynx
rupót wolf rupôt she-wolf rupótob wolf cub rupótam wolf's lair rupóder to howl rupóta lupine
rópót fox rópôt vixen rópótob fox cub rópótam foxhole    
gápót hyena gâpót she-hyena gápótob baby byena   gápóder to laugh like a hyena gáapót jackal
tapót orang-utang          
tepót bear   tepótob bear cub tepótam bear cave tepóder to growl (like a bear)  

Reptiles (pyet) and amphibians (pyeit)[edit]

male female child home noise other
pyet reptile         pyeta reptilian
gapyet crocodile         gaypyet alligator
gepyet cayman          
kepyet lizard          
lopyet snake       lopyeder to hiss lopyeper to slither
lapyet boa          
lepyet cobra          
lipyet viper     lipyetam viper's nest    
sipet mole          
apyeat bat     apyeatam bat's cave    
epyeat vampire          
fapyet grass snake          
fepyet slug          
fipyet leech          
vapyet snail         vapyel escargot
vapyetigyena sluggish, at a snail's pace, vapyeper to move at a snail's pace
apyeit toad     apyeitam toadstool    
epyeit frog         epyeiper to leapfrog
ipyeit tree frog          

Insects (pelt)[edit]

male female child home noise other
pelt insect         peltán swarm, ovpeltil insecticide, peltujsil insecticide, pelteleat insectivore, pelper to crawl around
kopelt vermine          
kapelt louse         kapeltika lousy
kepelt flea         ovkepeltof flea collar, kepeltika flea-bitten
kipelt bug         ovkipeltil bug spray
apelat bee     apelatam beehive apelader to buzz apelatil honey, apelatél wax, apelatán swarm of bees
epelat wasp     epelatam wasp's nest    
ipelat horsefly          
upelat fly         ovupelatar fly-swatter
ópelat mosquito         ovópelanef mosquito net
lapelat maybug          
lepelat beetle          
tapelat cicada       tapelader to chirp  
gapelat butterfly         ápelaper to flit about
fapelt ant     fapeltam anthill   fapeltán swarm of ants
peét worm         peétéc wormhole
apeát silkworm          

Birds (pat)[edit]

male female child home noise other
pat bird     patam bird's nest pader to chirp patijob egg, patijser to hatch, patper to fly, patpier to fly off, pateub beak, patub wing, pataéb feather, patulob claw, patésun aviculture, patém farmyard, patán poultry
apat rooster, cock apàt hen apatob chick apatam chicken coop apader to crow apàtog chicken
epat duck, drake epàt hen epatob duckling   epader to quack epatob duckling
ipat turkey ipàt turkey hen     ipader to gobble
upat goose         upatijob goose-egg
ópat guinea-fowl          
ápat pigeon ápàt dove   ápatam pigeon house ápader to coo  
rapat eagle   rapatob eaglet      
repat vulture          
ripat kite          
rupat buzzard          
rópat hawk          
rápat falcon         rápatud falconer
fapat raven          
fepat crow          
fipat' magpie          
gapat ostrich          
gepat peacock          
dapat stork          
dapait heron          
depat marabou          
depait crane          
zapat swallow          
zepat martinet          
tapat parrot       tapader to parrot  
tepat budgie          
vapat nightingale          
vepat yellow canary          
'vipat canary          
vupat chaffinch          
vápat robin          
fapat thrush          
fepat warbler       fepader to warble, yodel  
fipat sparrow          
sapat partridge          
sepat quail          
sipat woodcock          
supat lark          
sópat pheasant          
sápat grouse          
lapait swan          
apait cormorant          
epait gull          
gapait penguin         gapaiper to strut like a penguin

Fish (pit)[edit]

pit fish pitán school of fish, pitub fin, pitaéb scale, pitésun pisciculture, pitun ichthyology, pitut ichthyologist, pitpin fishing, pitpinud fisherman
rapit shark  
repit dolphin  
ripit sperm whale  
rupit walrus  
rópit porpoise  
rápit swordfish  
répit tuna  
rípit sturgeon  
rúpit cod  
lapit ray  
lepit turbot  
lipit salmon  
lupit sole  
capit herring  
cepit barbel  
cipit anchovie  
cupit gilt-head  
apit sardine  
epit perch  
ipit pike  
upit carp  
ópit tench  
ápit gudgeon  
épit stickleback  
ípit marline  
gapit whale  
vapit eel  
apiet seal  
epiet sea-lion  

Crustaceans (piit)[edit]

piit shellfish  
apiit lobster  
epiit crayfish  
ipiit prawn  
upiit crawfish  
ópiit prawn  
ápiit shrimp ápiitpin shrimping
lapiit crab lapiitpin crabbing
apiét oyster piétaób shell, piéz pearl, piètésun ostreiculture
epiét mussle  
ipiét clam ipiétpinud clamdigger

Vegetation (fob)[edit]


fob vegetation
fab tree
fáb fruit
vob plant
vol legume
voc flower
voz color
vab grass

Trees and fruits[edit]

fob vegetation fobtun botany, fobtut botanist, fobéstun agronomy, fobésun agriculture, fobésuna agricultural, fobésud farmer, fobésem farm
fab tree fàb shrub, fàbet bush, fàbán shrubery, fabán forest, fabánésun forestry, fabánésud forester, fabánàca forested, fabánet woods, fabánog grove, copse, fàbánet scrub, fàbán thicket, fabmed orchard
fib trunk  
fub branch, limb fubet twig
faéb leaf faébán foliage, faébet bud
fáb fruit fábéna fruity, fábél jam, fâbél jelly, marmalade, fábóm sherbet, fábtul fruit cocktail, fábzeb pit (of fruit), fâob peel
fób root radicule, fóbober to deracinate
faob wood faoba wooden
faab sap  
faób bark  
afab apple tree afáb apple, afabet boxer tree
efab pear tree efáb pear, efabet spindle-tree
ifab cherry tree ifáb cherry, ifabet privet
ufab prune tree ufáb prune
ófab apricot tree ófáb apricot
áfab peach tree áfáb peach
éfab quince tree éfáb quince
ífab walnut tree ífáb walnut
úfab hazelnut tree úfáb hazelnut
alofàb blackberry vine alofáb blackberry
lafab orange tree lafáb orange
lefab mandarin tree lefáb mandarin
lifab lemon tree lifáb lemon
lufab grapefruit tree lufáb grapefruit
fefab date tree fefáb date
fifab banana tree fifáb banana
fufab cononut tree fufáb coconut
fófab pomegranite tree fófáb pomegranite
fífab fig tree fífáb fig
vafàb grape vine vafáb grape, vafàbem vineyard, vafábil grape juice, vafil wine, vafilsam winery, ígvafil vinaiger, vafilifud oinophile
cafàb tea plant cafaéb tea leaf, tea, cafil tea (drink), cafilam tea house
cefàb coffee plant cefáb coffee bean, coffee, cefil coffee (drink), cefilam cafe
cifàb blackcurrant bush cifáb blackcurrant
cufàb raspberry bush cufáb raspberry
cófàb currant bush cófáb currant
sifàb pepper plant sifáb pepper, sifáber to pepper, sifábika peppery
kafab olive tree kafáb olive, kafábél olive oil
rafab oak tree rafáb acorn
refab beech tree refaob beechwood
rifab chestnut tree rifáb chestnut
rufab plane tree  
rófab poplar tree 'rófaob poplar wood
ráfab birch tree ráfaob birchwood
réfab locust tree  
rífab chestnut tree fífáb chestnut
rúfab willow tree rúafab weeping willow
ralafab lime tree, linden ralafáb lime
ralefab maple tree ralefaob maplewood
ralofab elm tree ralofaob elmwood
dofab evergreen tree dofáb cone
dafab fir tree  
defab pine tree defáb pine cone, defaéb pine needle, defaob pine (wood)
dufab cypress tree dufaob cypress wood

Plants, vegetables, grains, and legumes[edit]

vob plant vober to plant, vobem plantation, vobud planter, vobier to harvest, vobijob harvest (time), vobésam farm, vobyesud farmer
vab grass vabem grassland, prairie, vabema rural, vabgorcer to mow, vabemet lawn, vabán grass (lawn), vabij germ, vabóg moss, vabib crop, harvest, vabiber to reap, vabam barn
veb ear, tuft, spike  
vib stem  
vaob hay  
vub blade, sprig, twig  
váb seed vábet seedling, váber to seed
vâb grain, bean  
vulob thorn, spine vulobika thorny
ovob cereal  
avob wheat avol bread, avolek flour
evob rye  
ivob barley  
uvob buckwheat  
óvob oat óvolek oatmeal
ávob hop ávil beer
évob rapeseed, colza  
ívob rice  
gavob sunflower gaváb sunflower seed
gevob corn, maize geváb kernel, gevobek cornmeal
givob tobacco givoc cigar, givocet cigarette, givov tobacco smoke
favob cotton faváb cottonseed, favof cotton fabric
fevob flax  
fivob hemp fuvov marijuana, pot
fuvob jute  
zavob strawberry bush zaváb strawberry
cavob fern  
cevob thistle  
civob nettle  
savob mushroom  
zevob basil  
zivob thyme  
zuvob rosemary  
ováb legume, bean  
aváb green bean
eváb lentil  
iváb pea  
uváb broad bean  
óváb lima bean  
vol vegetable volinud vegetarian, volem vegetable garden, volcer to vegetate
lovol tuber  
lavol potato  
levol beet level sugar, levela sweet
livol radish  
luvol carrot  
lávol artichoke  
lóvol turnip  
favol leek  
fevol onion  
fivol shallot  
fuvol garlic  
pavol cabbage  
pevol cauliflower  
bavol tomato bavil tomato juice
bevol eggplant  
bivol squash  
buvol cucumber ígza buvol pickle
bávol artichoke  
bóvol gherkin  
vavol lettuce  
vevol spinach  
vivol sorrel  
vuvol dandelion  
vávol watercress  
vóvol chicory  
gavol pumpkin  
gevol melon  
givol watermelon  
zavol parsley  

Flowers and colors[edit]

voc flower voca floral, vocer to flower, vocen flowering, vocud florist, vocán bouquet, vocaéb petal, vocém flowerbed, vocésun horticulture
avoc lily avoza white
evoc narcissus evoza yellow
ivoc poppy ivoza red
uvoc rose uvoza pink
óvoc cornflower óvoza blue
ávoc hydrangea ávoza mauve
évoc lilac évoza lilac
ívoc violet ívoza violet
úvoc carnation  
lovoc daisy  
lavoc lily of the valley  
levoc jonquil  
livoc geranium  
luvoc forget-me-not  
lávoc tulip  
lévoc dahlia  
lóvoc hyacinthe  
elavoc iris  
elevoc primrose  
elivoc chrysanthemum  

Colors (voz)[edit]

Change -oza to -òza to get -ish as in whitish (avòza).
Change -oza to -óza to get dark ... as in dark red (ivóza).

   voz color vooz tint, hue
   avoza white from avoc lily
   evoza yellow from evoc narcissus
   ivoza red from ivoc poppy
   uvoza pink from uvoc rose
   óvoza blue from óvoc cornflower
   ávoza mauve from ávoc hydrangea
   évoza lilac from óvoca lilac
   ívoza violet, purple from ívoc violet
   vaza green from vab grass
   moza black from mon darkness or moj night
   maza sky blue from mam sky or maj day
   èmoza gray from è half + moza black
   meza khaki from mel soil
   lafáza orange from lafáb orange
   rifáza maroon from rifáb water chestnut
   rífyza brown from rífáb chestnut
   vápeza beige from vápet antilope

Some Cross-thematic Analogies in Vocabulary[edit]

human tree grass food material
taob faob vaob taol faof
flesh wood hay meat board
human tree plant fruit fish cloth
taób faób vaób vâob piétaób taóf
skin bark husk rind shell leather
human tree plant flower bird fish
taéb faéb vaéb vocaéb pataéb pitaéb
hair leaf twig petal feather scale
human tree plant bird fish government animal
tub fub vub patub pitub dub petub
arm branch blade wing fin minister forepaw
society human work plant fish
deb teb seb veb piteb
chief head boss tuft fish-head
form gesture knowledge action society citizen people person past+person person life speech
cén bén tén sén dotcén ditbén udánbén utbén ajutbén utcén tijbén dabén
style manner profession tradecraft civilization civility custom habit tradition genre lifestyle dialect
t-d t-z d-c d-z s-c s-z c-z c-s
teud teuz deuc deuz seuc seuz ceuz ceus
shout voice accent song noise melody tone sound
t-c t-s b-c t-p t-d c-c iz-c n-c ij-c
teacer teaser beacer teaper teader ceacer izeacer neacer ijeacer
to see to look to watch to visit to witness to seem to show to aim to perceive

mar mag man mak maz mav mal mam map maf maj
sun fire light electricity sparkle flame air sky wind cloud day

mer meg mek mez mef mev mel mem meb mep mej med met
planet rock dust gem brick porcelain soil land mountain road noon park garden

ij tij patij tobij atobij vobij tesij
beginning birth egg embryo germ seed idea


place name adjective inhabitant language
Asyam Asya Asyat n/a
Afrikam Afrika Afrikat n/a
Algeryam Algerya Algeryat Algerya Arabad
Albanyam Albanya Albanyat Albanyad
Amerikam Amerika Amerikat Amerikad
Armenyam Armenya Armenyat Armenyad
Afganam Afganya Afganat n/a
Argentinyam Argentinya Argentinyat Argentinya Spanyad
Arabam Araba Arabat Arabad
Balujam Baluja Balujat Balujad
Ciryam Cirya Ciryat Cirya Arabad
Cenegalam Cenegala Cenegalat Cenegalad
Ckotlandam Ckotlanda Ckotlandat Ckotlandad
Cpanam Cpana Cpanat Cpanad
Cwedam Cweda Cwedat Cwedad
Danmarkam Danmarka Danmarkat Danmarkad
Englandam Englanda Englandat Englandad
Europam Europa Europat n/a
Francam Franca Francat Francad
Finlandam Finlanda Finlandat Finlandad
Germanyam Germanya Germanyat Germanyad
Helvetyam Helvetya Helvetyat Helvetyad
Holandam Holanda Holandat Holandad
Italyam Italya Italyat Italyad
Irlandam Irlanda Irlandat Irlandad
Kanadam Kanada Kanadat Kanada Englandad/Francad
Lugandam Luganda Lugandat Lugandad
Nairobam Nairoba Nairobat Nairobad
Omir-Afrikam Omir-Afrika Omir-Afrikat Omir-Afrika Holandad
Pakistanam Pakistana Pakistanat n/a
Rodesyam Rodesya Rodesyat n/a
Setlandam Setlanda Setlandat n/a
Tailandam Tailanda Tailandat Tailandad
Ugandam Uganda Ugandat Ugandad
Vietnam Vietnama Vietnamat Vietnamad
Zululandam Zululanda Zululandat Zululandad

Word-building · Grammar

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