Messier Index/M49

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Messier 49[1]
Observation data (w:J2000 epoch)
Right ascension12h 29m 46.7s[2]
Declination+08° 00′ 02″[2]
TypeE2[2], w:LINER[2]
Apparent magnitude (V)9.4[2]
Other designations
NGC 4472,[2] UGC 7629,[2] PGC 41220,[2] Arp 134[2]

Messier 49 (also known as M 49 or NGC 4472) is an elliptical / w:lenticular galaxy about 49 million w:light-years away in the w:constellation Virgo. The galaxy was discovered by w:Charles Messier in w:1771.[3]


The only w:supernova observed within this galaxy is w:SN 1969Q.[4] The supernova was discovered in June 1969.[5]

Companion galaxies

w:NGC 4467 forms a visual pair with Messier 49[citation needed].

Virgo Cluster membership

Messier 49 is the brightest member of the w:Virgo Cluster.[6] The galaxy is located at the center of one of the subclusters within the Virgo Cluster.[6]

External links


  1. Jensen, Joseph B.; Tonry, John L.; Barris, Brian J.; Thompson, Rodger I.; Liu, Michael C.; Rieke, Marcia J.; Ajhar, Edward A.; Blakeslee, John P. (2003). "Measuring Distances and Probing the Unresolved Stellar Populations of Galaxies Using Infrared Surface Brightness Fluctuations". Astrophysical Journal. 583 (2): 712–726. doi:10.1086/345430. {{cite journal}}: Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. a b c d e f g h i "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 4472. Retrieved 2006-09-26.
  3. K. G. Jones (1991). Messier's Nebulae and Star Clusters (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-37079-5.
  4. "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for supernova search near name "NGC 4472". Retrieved 2007-02-12.
  5. R. Barbon, E. Cappellaro, F. Ciatti, M. Turatto, C. T. Kowal (1984). "A revised supernova catalogue". Astronomy & Astrophysics Supplement Series. 58: 735–750.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. a b A. Sandage, J. Bedke (1994). Carnegie Atlas of Galaxies. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution of Washington. ISBN 0-87279-667-1.