The Instrument marker: -nan
[(Aux) Verb (Neg) CP-S (CP-O) CP-Instrument]
This is similar to “with” or “per”, denoting a tool being used to accomplish a task. The suffix is “-nan”.
|Bíi yod le wa.||I am eating.||yod = to eat|
|Bíi yod le bathanan wa.||I am eating with a fork.||batha = fork|
|Bíi yod le thuzheth bathanan wa.||I am eating cake with a fork.||thuzh = cake|
The Location markers: -ha and -ya
[(Aux) Verb (Neg) CP-S CP-Time/CP-Place]
Similar to the English preposition "at", there are two location markers. "-ha" specifies a location in space, and "-ya" specifies a location in time.
If more precision is required, a postposition can be added after the "-ha"/"-ya", such as "obée" for "during". These postpositions never change their form and cannot take affixes.
|Bíi eril hal le hohaleha wa.||I worked at the office.||eril = past, hal = work, hohal = office|
|Bíi aril hal le háasháaleya wa.||I will work at morning.||aril = later, háasháal = morning|
|Bíi hal le náaleya obée wa.||I work during the night.||náal = night, obée = during|