The Association marker: -den and -dan
[(Aux) Verb (Neg) CP-S CP-Association]
The Association marker is used to specify with whom something is done. "-den" is the neutral form, while "-dan" can additionally specify that it is a pleasure to do so.
|Bíi lalom le wa.||I am singing.||lalom = to sing|
|Bóo aril lalom leden.||Would you sing with me?||le+den = with me|
The Beneficiary marker: -da
[(Aux) Verb (Neg) CP-S CP-Beneficiary]
The Beneficiary marker is used to specify for whom something is done for; on whose behalf.
The Beneficiary marker also has alternative forms in order to specify purpose: "-dá" for "against one's will", as in forced or coerced, "-daá" for "accidentally", and "-dáa" for "because of an obligation of law or duty that one accepts". For all other situations, "-da" should be used.
|Bíi lalom le laneda wa.||I am singing for a friend.||lan = friend|