Indonesian/Grammar/Adverbs

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Kata keterangan (Adverbs)[edit]

Learning the Indonesian Adverbs is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Indonesian language. But first we need to know what the role of Adverbs is in the structure of the grammar in Indonesian.Indonesian adverbs are part of speech. Generally they're words that modify any part of language other than a noun. Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives (including numbers), clauses, sentences and other adverbs.

Grammar Tips[edit]

While in English adverbs are usually formed by adding (-ly) to adjectives. In Indonesian many adverbs are formed this way:

pelan (slow) becomes pelan-pelan (slowly)

sempurna (perfect) becomes dengan sempurna (perfectly)

However that’s not always the case. Some words are adverbs by nature. For example:

sekarang (now), benar-benar (really),  segera (soon), malam ini (tonight), cantik (pretty), hampir (almost).

Here are some examples:

Saya membaca buku kadang-kadang I read a book sometimes

Aku tidak akan pernah merokok I will never smoke

Apakah kamu sendirian ? Are you alone?

Notice the structure of the Adverbs in Indonesian.

List of Adverbs in Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Adverbs English Adverbs
Kata keterangan waktu Adverbs of time
Kemarin Yesterday
Hari ini Today
Besok Tomorrow
Sekarang Now
Kemudian Later
Kemudian Then
Malam ini Tonight
Sekarang juga Right now
Tadi malam Last night
Pagi ini This morning
Minggu depan Next week
Sudah Already
Baru-baru ini Recently
Akhir-akhir ini Lately
Segera Soon
Segera Immediately
Masih Still
Masih Yet
Silam Ago
Indonesian Adverbs English Adverbs
Kata keterangan tempat Adverbs of place
Di sini Here
Sana There
Di sana Over there
Mana-mana Everywhere
Di manupan Anywhere
Tidak dimanupan Nowhere
Rumah Home
Jauh Away
Ke luar Out
Indonesian Adverbs English Adverbs
Adverbia ragam Adverbs of manner
Sangat Very
Agak Quite
Cantik Pretty
Benar-benar Really
Cepat Fast
Baik Well
Keras Hard
Segera Quickly
Pelan-pelan Slowly
Hati-hati Carefully
Tidak Hardly
Baru saja Barely
Kebanyakan Mostly
Hampir Almost
Sama sekali Absolutely
Bersama Together
Sendirian Alone
Indonesian Adverbs English Adverbs
Adverbia frekuensi Adverbs of frequency
Selalu Always
Sering Frequently
Biasanya Usually
Kadang-kadang Sometimes
Kadang-kadang Occasionally
Jarang Seldom
Jarang Rarely
Tak pernah Never

Reference[edit]