100% developed

History of video games/List of Abbreviations

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#[edit | edit source]

  • 1v1 - One versus one. For one player to fight another player.
  • 1337 - Leet or Elite. Shorthand speak in common use by gamers during the 2000's.

A[edit | edit source]

  • AAA - Triple A. A game made with a large studio with a large budget.
  • ACG - Refers to the subculture Anime, Comic, and Games.
  • AI - Artificial Intelligence. Often shorthand to refer to a computer player.
  • API - Application Programming Interface
  • APM - Actions per minute. Used by competitive gamers.
  • APU - AMD processors known as Accelerated Processor Units. Combines CPU and GPU on a die.
  • AV - Audio Visual. Typically used to refer to signal cables or display equipment.

B[edit | edit source]

  • BBC - British Broadcasting Cooperation.
  • BD - Short for Blu-ray Disc. A standard for optical disks mainly used for films and console video games.

C[edit | edit source]

  • C128 - Short for Commodore 128.
    • C128D - Short for Commodore 128D, a North America-only version of the computer.
  • C16 - Short for Commodore 16.
  • C64 - Short for Commodore 64.
    • C64C - Short for Commodore 64C.
    • C64GS - Short for Commodore 64 Games System.
  • CBM - Commodore Business Machines, now known as "Commodore International".
  • CIB - Complete in Box, term used by collectors.
  • CD - Short for CD-ROM optical disk technology.
  • CISC - Complex Instruction Set Computer.
  • Co-op - Cooperative elements, typically in multiplayer games. Used in terms like Couch Co-op to refer to local multiplayer.
  • CPU - Central Processing Unit
  • CRT - Cathode-ray tube. Common display used before the 2000's for TV sets, computer displays and arcade machines.
  • CV - ColecoVision

D[edit | edit source]

  • DPS - Damage per Second. Also refers to a player role where attacking with a high damage per second is desired (To the point of letting other players handle healing, and taking damage to focus on increasing DPS).
  • DVD - An optical disk. Abbreviation is disputed, but usually identified as "Digital Versatile Disc".

E[edit | edit source]

  • EEPROM - Electrically erasable programmable read-only memory - Storage technology used by some early game cartridges.
  • EXP - Experience Points

F[edit | edit source]

  • FDD - Floppy disk drive.
  • FLOPS - Floating Point Operations Per Second, a common benchmark of processing speed.
  • FMV - Full Motion Video. Often used in the 1990's when a game featured prerecorded video. FMV game refers to a game that primarily or exclusively uses prerecorded videos for graphics.
  • FPGA - Field Programmable Gate Array. A popular technology used by some clone consoles for accurate replication of original hardware.
  • FPS - Multiple meanings. Short for Frames per Second. Also may refer to the First Person Shooter game genre.

G[edit | edit source]

  • GB - Multiple meanings. Short for Game Boy when discussing consoles. Short for Great Britain when discussing releases.
    • GBP - Short for Game Boy Pocket.
    • GBC - Short for Game Boy Color.
    • GBA - Short for Game Boy Advance.
  • GD-ROM - Short for Gigabyte Disc Read only memory - a disk format used by Sega in the late 1990's and early 2000's.
  • GG - Multiple meanings. Short for Game Gear when discussing consoles. Short for Good Game in casual chat.
  • GPU - Graphics Processing Unit
  • GPGPU - General Purpose GPU
  • G&W - Game and Watch

H[edit | edit source]

  • HDD - Hard Disk Drive
  • HP - Multiple meanings. Short for Health Points. May also refer to Hewlett Packard, a computer and calculator manufacturer.

I[edit | edit source]

  • IBM - International Business Machines. One of the most notable computer manufacturers since the 1930s, inventor of the PC standard in the early 1980s.
  • III - Indie games with scope or funding comparable to AAA games.
  • IV - Multiple meanings. Short for Intellivision. Also the roman numeral for 4.

J[edit | edit source]

  • JP - Short for Japan when discussing releases.

K[edit | edit source]

  • K - Kilo. Metric unit for thousand. Often seen as Kilobyte, Kilobit, etc.
  • KB - Keyboard.
  • KD - Kill Death ratio, especially in competitive multiplayer games. Generally a high KD is seen as the sign of a skilled player.

L[edit | edit source]

  • Lag - Slang for latency, especially in online gaming.
  • LCD - Liquid Crystal Display - A common display type since the inception of handheld game consoles. Became nearly universal in general displays after the 2000's.
  • LED - Light Emitting Diode - Commonly used as indicator lights on consoles, and rarely as discrete parts of a large console display.
  • LIN - Short for Linux, an operating system kernel.
  • LOL - Multiple meanings. Often refers to laugh out loud. May also refer to the game League of Legends.
  • LoZ - Short for the Legend of Zelda, either the first game or the series in general.
  • LP - Let's Play. A genre of writing or video which discusses a playthrough of a game.

M[edit | edit source]

  • Mac - Short for Macintosh, a computer line launched by Apple in 1984.
  • MAC - Short for "media access control", a type of unique address for computer networks.
  • MIPS - Two separate meanings. Short for either Millions of Instructions per Second, or the MIPS processor architecture.
  • MMORPG - Massively Multiplayer Online Roleplaying Game
  • MOBA - Multiplayer Online Battle Arena
  • Mobo - Motherboard
  • MS - Informal acronym for Microsoft.
  • MUD - Multi User Dungeon. The smaller precursor to MMORPG.
  • MV - Microvision

N[edit | edit source]

  • N3DS - Short for Nintendo 3DS.
    • N2DS - Short for Nintendo 2DS.
  • N64 - Short for Nintendo 64.
  • NA - Short for North America when discussing releases.
  • NDS - Short for Nintendo DS.
    • NDSi, Short for Nintendo DSi.
  • NES - Short for Nintendo Entertainment System
  • NIN - Short for Nintendo.
  • NG - Short for NEO•GEO.
  • NPC - Non Player Character
  • NS - Short for Nintendo Switch.
  • NSO - Nintendo Switch Online
  • NX - Early codename for Nintendo Switch.

O[edit | edit source]

  • OLED - Organic Light Emitting Diode. A common display type in the 2010's and on.
  • OS - Multiple meanings. Can refer to Operating System or Open Source.
  • OOT - Short for The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time

P[edit | edit source]

  • PC - Multiple meanings. Personal computer, especially a computer compatible with the IBM Personal Computer (model 5150) or a computer running Microsoft Windows. Also can be used to refer to a Player Character.
  • PC-88 - Short for NEC PC-8800 series computers.
  • PCB - Printed Circuit Board
  • PPE - Multiple meanings. Refers to a computational unit in the PS3 Cell Processor or the Xbox 360 Xenon Processor. Refers to Personal Protective Equipment, which some gaming brands sold during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • PPU - Picture Processing Unit, A GPU of sorts used on some early Nintendo consoles.
  • PS - Short for PlayStation in general, may refer to PS1 specifically.
    • PS1 - Short for PlayStation 1
    • PS2 - Short for PlayStation 2
    • PS3 - Short for PlayStation 3
    • PS4 - Short for PlayStation 4
    • PS5 - Short for PlayStation 5
    • PSN - Short for PlayStation Network.
    • PSP - Short for PlayStation Portable.
    • PSX - Codename for PlayStation 1. Also a Japan-only model of PlayStation 2.
  • PUBG - Short for PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds.

Q[edit | edit source]

  • QPU - Quantum Positioning Unit, used by the Super Mario 64 speedrunning community.

R[edit | edit source]

  • RISC - Reduced Instruction Set Architecture.
  • RAM - Random Access Memory.
  • ROM - Read Only Memory. Also slang for an amateur digital copy of a physical game.
  • RPG - Multiple meanings. Generally refers to Role Playing Game. In FPS games, refers to the real life weapon - Rocket Propelled Grenade.
    • ARPG - Action Role Playing Game
    • CRPG - Computer Role Playing Game - Often western in origin
    • JRPG - Japanese Role Playing Game
    • TRPG - Tactical Role Playing Game
    • WRPG - Western Role Playing Game
  • RSX - Reality Synthesizer. The GPU used on the PlayStation 3.
  • RTS - Real Time Strategy. A genre of game.

S[edit | edit source]

  • SMB - Super Mario Bros..
  • SMS - Short for Sega Master System.
  • SNES - Short for Super Nintendo Entertainment System.
  • SPE - Synergetic Processing Element, used by the PlayStation 3 Cell CPU.
  • SSD - Solid State Drive.

T[edit | edit source]

  • TBS - Turn Based Strategy. A genre of game.
  • TF - Team Fortress.
    • TFC - Team Fortress Classic.
    • TF2 - Team Fortress 2.

U[edit | edit source]

  • UMD - Universal Media Disc, a portable optical disk format used by Sony.

V[edit | edit source]

  • VC - Multiple meanings. Short for Venture Capital. Short for Nintendo's Virtual Console.
  • VCS - Atari Video Computer System, original name of console CX-2600, later renamed "Atari 2600". Also the name of an Atari console launched in 2020.
  • VCR - Short for "video cassette recorder", a device used to play and record on VHS tapes or, occasionally, also other video tapes.
  • VHS - Video Home System, the most common video tape standard, also used for some very low cost video game consoles.
  • VMS - Visual Memory System - Handheld game system/Sega Dreamcast Memory Card in Japan and Europe.
  • VMU - Visual Memory Unit - Handheld game system/Dreamcast Memory Card in North America.
  • VR - Virtual Reality

W[edit | edit source]

  • WAD - Short for "Where's All the Data?", default format for Doom package files, in which mods are usually distributed.
  • WIN - Short for Windows, an operating system.
  • Wolf3D - Short for Wolfenstein 3D, after the game's main executable in PC versions.
  • WOW - World of Warcraft.

X[edit | edit source]

  • x86 - Commonly-used processor architecture designed by Intel, and used by AMD, VIA, and others. The "x" stands for a variable digit.
  • x86-64 - Commonly-used extension of the x86 standard, designed by AMD, and used by Intel.
  • XB - Informal acronym for Xbox.
  • XBL - Xbox Live
  • XBLA - Xbox Live Arcade.

Y[edit | edit source]

  • Y2K - Year 2000. A feared collapse of global computing technology due to poor coding practices on the eve of the millennium.

Z[edit | edit source]

  • Z80 - Short for Zilog Z80 processor.

References[edit | edit source]

Terminology