History of video games/List of Abbreviations
Jump to navigation Jump to search
#[edit | edit source]
- 1v1 - One versus one. For one player to fight another player.
- 1337 - Leet or Elite. Shorthand speak in common use by gamers during the 2000's.
A[edit | edit source]
- AAA - Triple A. A game made with a large studio with a large budget.
- ACG - Refers to the subculture Anime, Comic, and Games.
- AI - Artificial Intelligence. Often shorthand to refer to a computer player.
- API - Application Programming Interface
- APM - Actions per minute. Used by competitive gamers.
- APU - AMD processors known as Accelerated Processor Units. Combines CPU and GPU on a die.
- AV - Audio Visual. Typically used to refer to signal cables or display equipment.
B[edit | edit source]
- BBC - British Broadcasting Cooperation.
- BD - Short for Blu-ray Disc. A standard for optical disks mainly used for films and console video games.
C[edit | edit source]
- C128 - Short for Commodore 128.
- C128D - Short for Commodore 128D, a North America-only version of the computer.
- C16 - Short for Commodore 16.
- C64 - Short for Commodore 64.
- C64C - Short for Commodore 64C.
- C64GS - Short for Commodore 64 Games System.
- CBM - Commodore Business Machines, now known as "Commodore International".
- CIB - Complete in Box, term used by collectors.
- CD - Short for CD-ROM optical disk technology.
- CISC - Complex Instruction Set Computer.
- Co-op - Cooperative elements, typically in multiplayer games. Used in terms like Couch Co-op to refer to local multiplayer.
- CPU - Central Processing Unit
- CRT - Cathode-ray tube. Common display used before the 2000's for TV sets, computer displays and arcade machines.
- CV - ColecoVision
D[edit | edit source]
- DPS - Damage per Second. Also refers to a player role where attacking with a high damage per second is desired (To the point of letting other players handle healing, and taking damage to focus on increasing DPS).
- DVD - An optical disk. Abbreviation is disputed, but usually identified as "Digital Versatile Disc".
E[edit | edit source]
- EEPROM - Electrically erasable programmable read-only memory - Storage technology used by some early game cartridges.
- EXP - Experience Points
F[edit | edit source]
- FDD - Floppy disk drive.
- FLOPS - Floating Point Operations Per Second, a common benchmark of processing speed.
- FMV - Full Motion Video. Often used in the 1990's when a game featured prerecorded video. FMV game refers to a game that primarily or exclusively uses prerecorded videos for graphics.
- FPGA - Field Programmable Gate Array. A popular technology used by some clone consoles for accurate replication of original hardware.
- FPS - Multiple meanings. Short for Frames per Second. Also may refer to the First Person Shooter game genre.
G[edit | edit source]
- GB - Multiple meanings. Short for Game Boy when discussing consoles. Short for Great Britain when discussing releases.
- GBP - Short for Game Boy Pocket.
- GBC - Short for Game Boy Color.
- GBA - Short for Game Boy Advance.
- GD-ROM - Short for Gigabyte Disc Read only memory - a disk format used by Sega in the late 1990's and early 2000's.
- GG - Multiple meanings. Short for Game Gear when discussing consoles. Short for Good Game in casual chat.
- GPU - Graphics Processing Unit
- GPGPU - General Purpose GPU
- G&W - Game and Watch
H[edit | edit source]
- HDD - Hard Disk Drive
- HP - Multiple meanings. Short for Health Points. May also refer to Hewlett Packard, a computer and calculator manufacturer.
I[edit | edit source]
- IBM - International Business Machines. One of the most notable computer manufacturers since the 1930s, inventor of the PC standard in the early 1980s.
- III - Indie games with scope or funding comparable to AAA games.
- IV - Multiple meanings. Short for Intellivision. Also the roman numeral for 4.
J[edit | edit source]
- JP - Short for Japan when discussing releases.
K[edit | edit source]
- K - Kilo. Metric unit for thousand. Often seen as Kilobyte, Kilobit, etc.
- KB - Keyboard.
- KD - Kill Death ratio, especially in competitive multiplayer games. Generally a high KD is seen as the sign of a skilled player.
L[edit | edit source]
- Lag - Slang for latency, especially in online gaming.
- LCD - Liquid Crystal Display - A common display type since the inception of handheld game consoles. Became nearly universal in general displays after the 2000's.
- LED - Light Emitting Diode - Commonly used as indicator lights on consoles, and rarely as discrete parts of a large console display.
- LIN - Short for Linux, an operating system kernel.
- LOL - Multiple meanings. Often refers to laugh out loud. May also refer to the game League of Legends.
- LoZ - Short for the Legend of Zelda, either the first game or the series in general.
- LP - Let's Play. A genre of writing or video which discusses a playthrough of a game.
M[edit | edit source]
- Mac - Short for Macintosh, a computer line launched by Apple in 1984.
- MAC - Short for "media access control", a type of unique address for computer networks.
- MIPS - Two separate meanings. Short for either Millions of Instructions per Second, or the MIPS processor architecture.
- MMORPG - Massively Multiplayer Online Roleplaying Game
- MOBA - Multiplayer Online Battle Arena
- Mobo - Motherboard
- MS - Informal acronym for Microsoft.
- MUD - Multi User Dungeon. The smaller precursor to MMORPG.
- MV - Microvision
N[edit | edit source]
- N3DS - Short for Nintendo 3DS.
- N2DS - Short for Nintendo 2DS.
- N64 - Short for Nintendo 64.
- NA - Short for North America when discussing releases.
- NDS - Short for Nintendo DS.
- NDSi, Short for Nintendo DSi.
- NES - Short for Nintendo Entertainment System
- NIN - Short for Nintendo.
- NG - Short for NEO•GEO.
- NPC - Non Player Character
- NS - Short for Nintendo Switch.
- NSO - Nintendo Switch Online
- NX - Early codename for Nintendo Switch.
O[edit | edit source]
- OLED - Organic Light Emitting Diode. A common display type in the 2010's and on.
- OS - Multiple meanings. Can refer to Operating System or Open Source.
- OOT - Short for The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time
P[edit | edit source]
- PC - Multiple meanings. Personal computer, especially a computer compatible with the IBM Personal Computer (model 5150) or a computer running Microsoft Windows. Also can be used to refer to a Player Character.
- PC-88 - Short for NEC PC-8800 series computers.
- PCB - Printed Circuit Board
- PPE - Multiple meanings. Refers to a computational unit in the PS3 Cell Processor or the Xbox 360 Xenon Processor. Refers to Personal Protective Equipment, which some gaming brands sold during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- PPU - Picture Processing Unit, A GPU of sorts used on some early Nintendo consoles.
- PS - Short for PlayStation in general, may refer to PS1 specifically.
- PS1 - Short for PlayStation 1
- PS2 - Short for PlayStation 2
- PS3 - Short for PlayStation 3
- PS4 - Short for PlayStation 4
- PS5 - Short for PlayStation 5
- PSN - Short for PlayStation Network.
- PSP - Short for PlayStation Portable.
- PSX - Codename for PlayStation 1. Also a Japan-only model of PlayStation 2.
- PUBG - Short for PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds.
Q[edit | edit source]
- QPU - Quantum Positioning Unit, used by the Super Mario 64 speedrunning community.
R[edit | edit source]
- RISC - Reduced Instruction Set Architecture.
- RAM - Random Access Memory.
- ROM - Read Only Memory. Also slang for an amateur digital copy of a physical game.
- RPG - Multiple meanings. Generally refers to Role Playing Game. In FPS games, refers to the real life weapon - Rocket Propelled Grenade.
- ARPG - Action Role Playing Game
- CRPG - Computer Role Playing Game - Often western in origin
- JRPG - Japanese Role Playing Game
- TRPG - Tactical Role Playing Game
- WRPG - Western Role Playing Game
- RSX - Reality Synthesizer. The GPU used on the PlayStation 3.
- RTS - Real Time Strategy. A genre of game.
S[edit | edit source]
- SMB - Super Mario Bros..
- SMS - Short for Sega Master System.
- SNES - Short for Super Nintendo Entertainment System.
- SPE - Synergetic Processing Element, used by the PlayStation 3 Cell CPU.
- SSD - Solid State Drive.
T[edit | edit source]
- TBS - Turn Based Strategy. A genre of game.
- TF - Team Fortress.
- TFC - Team Fortress Classic.
- TF2 - Team Fortress 2.
U[edit | edit source]
- UMD - Universal Media Disc, a portable optical disk format used by Sony.
V[edit | edit source]
- VC - Multiple meanings. Short for Venture Capital. Short for Nintendo's Virtual Console.
- VCS - Atari Video Computer System, original name of console CX-2600, later renamed "Atari 2600". Also the name of an Atari console launched in 2020.
- VCR - Short for "video cassette recorder", a device used to play and record on VHS tapes or, occasionally, also other video tapes.
- VHS - Video Home System, the most common video tape standard, also used for some very low cost video game consoles.
- VMS - Visual Memory System - Handheld game system/Sega Dreamcast Memory Card in Japan and Europe.
- VMU - Visual Memory Unit - Handheld game system/Dreamcast Memory Card in North America.
- VR - Virtual Reality
W[edit | edit source]
- WAD - Short for "Where's All the Data?", default format for Doom package files, in which mods are usually distributed.
- WIN - Short for Windows, an operating system.
- Wolf3D - Short for Wolfenstein 3D, after the game's main executable in PC versions.
- WOW - World of Warcraft.
X[edit | edit source]
- x86 - Commonly-used processor architecture designed by Intel, and used by AMD, VIA, and others. The "x" stands for a variable digit.
- x86-64 - Commonly-used extension of the x86 standard, designed by AMD, and used by Intel.
- XB - Informal acronym for Xbox.
- XBL - Xbox Live
- XBLA - Xbox Live Arcade.
Y[edit | edit source]
- Y2K - Year 2000. A feared collapse of global computing technology due to poor coding practices on the eve of the millennium.
Z[edit | edit source]
- Z80 - Short for Zilog Z80 processor.
References[edit | edit source]