History of video games/1960-1969
Reed-Solomon Code is invented, allowing for more reliable telecommunication and optical media, which would later be used by gaming systems. It is also used by more obscure game media, such as Nintendo E-Reader cards.
Spacewar! for the PDP-1 computer was among the first digital video games, and featured two players fighting around a gravity pulling star. It's open source nature also soon leads to some of the first video game mods.
The PLATO Educational computer terminal system is launched after being developed from 1959 through 1960, later giving rise to a number of early multiplayer games in the 1970's once adoption picked up.
In 1962 the mainframe game Marienbad is developed in Poland as a Nim adaptation.
Invention of the Mouse
Doug Englebart invents the mouse in 1964.
Mother of All Demos
Following years of development, on December 9th, 1968 Doug Englebart hosts the "Mother of All Demos" where he demonstrates a number of concepts, including many that would later be used by video games, such as a computer mouse, digital maps, hyperlinks, real time collaboration in the same environment, and video chat.
In March of 1969 Bell Labs changed focus, spurring programmer Ken Thompson to port his video game Space Travel from the expensive to run GE-645 computer to a cheaper PDP-7 he had access to, eventually resulting in the creation of the Unix operating system. Unix derived and compatible operating systems would go on to power a number of gaming devices, such as the PlayStation 4.
On July 20th, 1969 humans lands on the Moon for the first time, with the historic moment televised across the globe. Among those captivated by the Apollo 11 moon landing is Hideo Kojima, who would later develop games inspired by space travel, such as Policenauts.
1960's Gaming History Gallery
- Dr. Nim is a dedicated mechanical digital computer game that used marbles instead of a screen launched at some point during the 1960's.
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