Handbook of Management Scales/Self-awareness
Self-awareness (alpha = 0.92)[edit | edit source]
Description[edit | edit source]
Definition[edit | edit source]
The authors define authentic leadership as "a pattern of leader behavior that draws upon and promotes both positive psychological capacities and a positive ethical climate, to foster greater self-awareness, an internalized moral perspective, balanced processing of information, and relational transparency on the part of leaders working with followers, fostering positive self-development".
Self-awareness refers to "demonstrating an understanding of how one derives and makes meaning of the world and how that meaning making process impacts the way one views himself or herself over time".
Items[edit | edit source]
- Seeks feedback to improve interactions with others.
- Accurately describes how others view his or her capabilities.
The authors reported two sample items of this scale only.
Source[edit | edit source]
- Walumbwa et al. (2008): Authentic Leadership: Development and Validation of a Theory-Based Measure? Journal of Management, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 89–126