Handbook of Management Scales/Balanced processing
Balanced processing (alpha = 0.81)
The authors define authentic leadership as "a pattern of leader behavior that draws upon and promotes both positive psychological capacities and a positive ethical climate, to foster greater self-awareness, an internalized moral perspective, balanced processing of information, and relational transparency on the part of leaders working with followers, fostering positive self-development".
Balanced processing refers to "leaders who show that they objectively analyze all relevant data before coming to a decision".
- Solicits views that challenge his or her deeply held positions.
- Listens carefully to different points of view before coming to conclusions.
The authors reported two sample items of this scale only.
- Walumbwa et al. (2008): Authentic Leadership: Development and Validation of a Theory-Based Measure? Journal of Management, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 89–126