Handbook of Management Scales/Contribution

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It was aimed to measure Leader-Member Exchange (LMX). Therefore a multidimensional measure was developed and validated. Item analysis involving 302 working students, followed by construct and criterion-related validation using 249 employees representing two organizations resulted in a multidimensional LMX scale. The results provided support for the affect, loyalty, and contribution dimensions identified by Dienesch and Liden (1986), as well as a fourth dimension, professional respect. The following items are taken from the contribution dimension of LMX used in the addendum of the article.


  • I do work for my supervisor that goes beyond what is specified in my job description.
  • I am willing to apply extra efforts, beyond those normally required, to meet my supervisor's work goals.
  • I do not mind working my hardest for my supervisor.


Related Scales[edit]