German/Lesson 8

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Grammatik 8-1 ~ Colors[edit | edit source]

yellow: gelb
blue: blau
red: rot
black: schwarz
white: weiß
orange: orange
pink: pink
violet: lila
cyan: türkis
brown: braun
grey: grau
light-grey: hellgrau
dark-grey: dunkelgrau

Grammatik 8-2 ~ Possessive Adjectives, Pronouns, and the Genitive Case[edit | edit source]

Recall the following from Gespräch 3-1:

Karl: Ja. Und danach bringst du mich auf deinem Motorrad zu meiner Wohnung.

Which translates:

Carl: 'Yes. And after that take me on your motorcycle to my apartment'.

The sentence demonstrates two of the possessive adjectives. These are (singular) 'my', 'your', and 'his/her/its' in English and mein, dein, and sein/ihr/sein in German. Note that because these are adjectives, the word ending must reflect the case and gender of the noun being modified (see Grammatik 4-1 above).

In German, the genitive case correspond to the English possessive case or to the objective case proceeded by of to denote possession. If the possessive is not followed by a noun, it becomes a possessive pronoun (see Pronoun Tables).

I, me ich mich mir mein
you du dich dir dein
he, him er ihn ihm sein
she, her sie sie ihr ihr
it es es ihm sein
we, us wir uns uns unser
you (all) ihr euch euch eurer
they, them sie sie ihnen ihr
you (formal) Sie Sie Ihnen Ihr

The pattern in the case endings of the possessive adjectives is that seen in Lektion 4 for the word ein. We can generalize these endings as in the following table, where we can express plural endings because other so-called ein-words do have plurals:

Ein-group Endings
Masculine -- --en --em --es
Feminine --e --e --er --er
Neuter -- -- --em --es
Plural --e --e --en --er

The small group of words that take these endings (in addition to ein) includes the possessive adjectives and kein ("not any" or "no" in the sense of none).

(edit template) 50%.svg Level II Lessons (discussion)

00%.svg II.0 Introduction

Section II.A: 75%.svg II.1 Einfache Gespräche75%.svg II.2 Fremde und Freunde 75%.svg II.3 Die Zahlen75%.svg II.4 Zürich75%.svg II.5 Wiederholung

Section II.B: 75%.svg II.6 Die Wohnung75%.svg II.7 Mathematik75%.svg II.8 Mein, Dein, Sein75%.svg II.9 Einkaufen gehen75%.svg II.10 Wiederholung

Section II.C: 75%.svg II.11 Verbtempus und Wortstellung100%.svg II.12 Fragewörter50%.svg II.13 Mein Arm schmerzt75%.svg II.14 Tiergarten50%.svg II.15 Wiederholung