German/Appendices/Grammar I

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Der-word Case for German Nouns[edit]

Case
Gender    Nominativ Genitiv       Dativ          Akkusativ

 masculine 

 der 

 des 

 dem 

 den 

 feminine

 die

 der

 der

 die

 neuter

 das

 des

 dem

 das

 plural*

 die

 der

 den

 die

* The same regardless of singular noun gender

Personal Pronoun Tables: nominative, genitive, dative & accusative cases[edit]

Nominative case personal pronouns[edit]

The nominative case is used as the subject of a verb.


Singular
Plural
1st person  ich   I   wir  we      
2nd person   du (Sie*)  you  ihr (Sie*)         you
3rd person  er, sie, es      he, she, it      sie  they       

*Polite form.


Genitive case personal pronouns[edit]

The genitive case corresponds to the possessive case in English or to the English objective case preceded by 'of' and denoting possession. The use of genitive personal pronouns is very rare in German and many Germans are unable to use them correctly.


Singular
Plural
1st person  meiner   my   unser  our      
2nd person  deiner (Ihrer*)   your   eurer (Ihrer*)      your
3rd person  seiner, ihrer, seiner   his, her, its   ihrer  their      

*Polite form.

Examples:

Ich erbarme mich eurer. ~ I take pity on you(rs).
meiner unbedeutenden Meinung nach. ~ in my humble opinion (IMHO)

Dative case personal pronouns[edit]

The personal pronouns in the dative case are used as indirect objects of verbs and after the prepositions aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu.

Singular
Plural
1st person  mir   me   uns  us
2nd person   dir (Ihnen*)     you  euch (Ihnen*)     you
3rd person  ihm, ihr, ihm  him, her, it    ihnen  them      

*Polite form.


Accusative case personal pronouns[edit]

The personal pronouns in the accusative case are used as direct objects of transitve verbs and after the prepositions durch, für, gegen, ohne, um.


Singular
Plural
1st person  mich   me   uns  us
2nd person   dich (Sie*)  you  euch (Sie*)      you
3rd person  ihn, sie, es     him, her, it    sie      them      

* Polite form.